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Interface basics

Unit 1 Unit 6
Vocabulary 1 1 Vocabulary 1 31
Grammar 1 2 Grammar 1 32
Vocabulary 2 3 Vocabulary 2 33
Grammar 2 4 Grammar 2 34
Reading and writing 5 Reading and writing 35
Language reference 6 Language reference 36

Unit 2 Unit 7
Vocabulary 1 7 Vocabulary 1 37
Grammar 1 8 Grammar 1 38
Vocabulary 2 9 Vocabulary 2 39
Grammar 2 10 Grammar 2 40
Reading and writing 11 Reading and writing 41
Language reference 12 Language reference 42

Unit 3 Unit 8
Vocabulary 1 13 Vocabulary 1 43
Grammar 1 14 Grammar 1 44
Vocabulary 2 15 Vocabulary 2 45
Grammar 2 16 Grammar 2 46
Reading and writing 17 Reading and writing 47
Language reference 18 Language reference 48

Unit 4 Unit 9
Vocabulary 1 19 Vocabulary 1 49
Grammar 1 20 Grammar 1 50
Vocabulary 2 21 Vocabulary 2 51

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Grammar 2 22 Grammar 2 52
Reading and writing 23 Reading and writing 53
Language reference 24 Language reference 54

Unit 5 Answer key 5561


Vocabulary 1 25
Grammar 1 26
Vocabulary 2 27
Grammar 2 28
Reading and writing 29
Language reference 30
Interface basics

Vocabulary 1
Life-changing events
become rich change school drop out of university get into trouble go abroad
go for a job interview have an accident make new friends move house retire settle down
start your own business take a gap year win an award

1 Complete the life-changing events with 4 Match the activities in exercise 3 with the
vowels. pictures.
s e ttl e d o wn a b
1 ch ng sch l
2 w n n w rd
3 g br d
4 h v n cc d nt
5 m v h s
become rich
2 Find and circle six life-changing events in the c d
word snake.
u erich
tof n
becom

ge
ou

ive

friends
retire drop

tintotr
rsitygo

view

e f
ew
ou

bl
fo

ra emaken
er

jobi nt

3 Match 18 with ah to make life-changing


events.
1 change a new friends g h
2 start b your own business
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3 take c house
4 become d school
5 go e rich
6 get f a gap year
7 move g into trouble
8 make h abroad
5 Complete the sentences with the phrases in
the box.

become rich have an accident


make new friends move house retire
take a gap year

When I travel, I often make new friends


from other countries.
1 In many countries, people
when they are 65.
2 Are you going to before you
go to university?
3 Our house is very small so were going to
.
4 Dont drive so fast or youll .
5 When Im older, Id like to get a good job,
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earn a lot of money and .


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Interface basics

Grammar 1 3 Order the words to make questions.

Present simple have / an accident / yesterday / Did / you


Did you have an accident yesterday?
affirmative negative 1 about / last night / you / What / dream / did
I / You play I / You dont play What last night?
He / She / It plays He / She / It doesnt play 2 he / drop / did / When / out of university
We / You / They play We / You / They dont play When out of university?
question 3 were / at 7 oclock / you / Where
Where at 7 oclock?
Do I / you play?
Does he / she / it play? 4 your uncle / rich / did / How / become
Do we / you / they play? How rich?
5 take / your sister / Did / a gap year
short answer
Did a gap year?
Yes, I / you do. No, I / you dont.
Yes, he / she / it does. No, he / she / it doesnt.
Yes, we / you / they do. No, we / you / they dont. Used to
affirmative negative
1 Circle the correct words.
I / You used to live I / You didnt use to live
My friends wait / waits at the busstop. He / She / It used to live He / She / It didnt use to live
1 My brother often run / runs marathons. We / You / They used We / You / They didnt use
2 How often do / does you move house? to live to live
3 My friend never agree / agrees withme. question
4 Our teacher dont / doesnt live here.
Did I / you use to live?
5 Which university do / does she goto?
Did he / she / it use to live?
6 I dont / doesnt go abroad on holiday. Did we / you / they use to live?

short answer
Past simple
Yes, I / you did. No, I / you didnt.
affirmative negative Yes, he / she / it did. No, he / she / it didnt.
Yes, we / you / they did. No, we / you / they didnt.
I / You worked I / You didnt work
He / She / It worked He / She / It didnt work
4 Write complete sentences with used to or

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We / You / They worked We / You / They didnt work
didnt use to.
question
I / make new friends / on holiday.
Did I / you work?
Did he / she / it work?
I used to make new friends on holiday.
Did we / you / they work? We / not go abroad / every summer.
We didnt use to go abroad every summer.
short answer 1 I / argue / with my sister.
Yes, I / you did. No, I / you didnt.
Yes, he / she / it did. No, he / she / it didnt. 2 I / not get / into trouble at school.
Yes, we / you / they did. No, we / you / they didnt.

3 My cousin / dream / about elephants.


2 Complete the sentences with the past simple
form of the verbs in brackets.
4 We / not worry / about our exams.
I went (go) to the cinema yesterday.
1 My grandpa (retire) last year. 5 My grandparents / listen / to the radio
2 We (not watch) TV last night. everyday.
3 My teacher (not be) at school
yesterday.
4 My sister (argue) with her
boyfriend.
5 My parents (be) at home at 8pm.
6 My dad (not start) his own
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Vocabulary 2
Verb + preposition
agree about agree with argue about argue with depend on dream about listen to
look forward to participate in talk to wait for worry about

1 Complete the verbs with the prepositions in 4 Read the text and circle the correct answers.
the box.

about (x2) for in on to (x2)

talk to
1 depend
2 wait
3 look forward
4 dream
5 worry
6 participate

2 Circle the correct words.


My grandma worries about / to the weather.
1 Please wait about / for me!
2 My friends talk about / to their parents
when theyre worried.
3 I often listen to / in music when Im doing Im the school holidays. My friends (1)
my homework. doing a surfing course but I (2) them.
4 Last night I dreamt with / about my English I (3) the sea. Last night I (4) sharks
exam. and big waves. I was very frightened. This
5 They often argue in / about stupid things. morning I (5) my cousin and we agreed.
Were going to do a tennis course! I can
3 Match the sentence beginnings and ends. always (6) her.

1 Im looking a on Harry to score a looking forward to b arguing with


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forward a goal. 1 a are talking about b are listening to


2 She didnt wait b to Alexs party. 2 a dont participate in b dont agree with
3 My friends c with me. 3 a argue with b worry about
participated d to our friends 4 a dreamt about b depended on
4 We can always online. 5 a talked to b argued with
depend e for her friend. 6 a look forward to b depend on
5 My cousin didnt f in a race for
agree charity.
6 We often talk
EXTRA!
Complete the sentences for you.
I often agree with my best friend .
1 Im looking forward to .
2 I often listen to .
3 My friends and I never talk about
.
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Interface basics

Grammar 2
Subject and object questions 2 Write S (subject) or O (object) about the
underlined question words.
LOOK! Who does Lucy love? O
1 Who loves Nick?
2 What happened at school?
3 Who did you argue with?
4 What did you argue about?
5 Who made new friends?
6 What worries you?
Max loves Lucy

3 Order the words to make questions. Then
subject object write S if the question word is a subject or
O if it is an object.
became / rich / Who / last year
Who became rich last year? S
1 her own business / started / in 2007 / Who
Who in 2007?
2 do / in maths / you / did / yesterday / What
What yesterday?
but Lucy loves Nick. 3 every morning / waits for / you / Who
Who every morning?
subject object
4 talk about / What / do / at school / you
When the question word (who, what ) asks What at school?
about the object, we use do, does, did etc. 5 changed / Who / school / last year
Who does Max love? (Lucy) Who last year?

object subject object 4 Circle the correct words.
Who does Lucy love? (Nick)
Who went / did go abroad last summer?
object subject object 1 What did you dream about / dreamt you

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about last night?
When the question word (who, what ) asks 2 Who do you talk to / talk you to when you
about the subject, we dont use do, does, did have a problem?
etc.
3 What did happen / happened after school
Who loves Lucy? (Max) yesterday?

4 What do you worry about / worry you
subject object subject
about?
Who loves Nick? (Lucy)
5 Who do argue / argues with you?

subject object subject
EXTRA!
Write answers to the questions in exercise 4 for
1 Write S (subject) or O (object) about the you.
underlined words.
Who went abroad last summer?
Lucy doesnt love Max. S My best friend went abroad last summer.
1 Lucy doesnt love Max. 1
2 Jack worried about his exam. 2
3 Jack worried about his exam. 3
4 My dad won an award. 4
5 My dad won an award. 5
6 I often talk to my neighbour.
7 I often talk to my neighbour.
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Interface basics

Reading Writing
An informal email
3 Read Vickys notes for an email.
1 Read and tick (3) the things Max did on
holiday. Who is your email to? Debbie
He went camping. 3 Is he/she at your school? yes
1 He went to Ireland. What arent you looking
2 He went surfing. forward to next term? doing a lot of exams
3 He sat on the beach. What are you looking
4 He played the piano. forward to next term? seeing all my friends
When did you get back from
your holiday? last week
Where did you go on holiday? Tenerife
Hi there Tom,
Who did you go with? my mum, my aunt
How are things? Are you looking forward
to next term? Im not. I think Ive forgotten and my cousin Kylie
everything I learnt last year. But Im looking What did you do there? went to the beach
forward to some more football matches. Did you have a good time? fantastic
I got back from my camping trip yesterday. It Did you meet any new two boys from
was brilliant. Josh, Dan and I went to Wales for people there? Madrid
a week. The weather was fantastic and we went
surfing every day. What were you doing when dancing
Our last evening was great. We were sitting on
you met them?
the beach and Dan was playing his guitar when Are you going to see in London at
three girls sat down around our fire. Were them again? Christmas
planning to meet up next week.
What have you been up to in the last month? 4 Now write Vickys email to her friend Debbie.
Did you go to Spain in August? I cant wait to
hear from you so please write soon.
Bye for now Hi there Debbie,
Max How are things? Are you looking forward to
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next term? Im not looking forward to


(1) doing a lot of exams . But Im looking
2 Read the email again and circle the correct
forward to (2) . I hope were in
answers. the same class again.
What is Max looking forward to? I got back from my holiday (3) .
a Hes looking forward to the next term. I went to (4) for a week with
b Hes looking forward to playing football. (5) . The weather was brilliant
1 Did Max have a good time on his camping and we (6) every day. We had a
trip? (7) time.
a Yes, he did. On our last evening, we went to the disco next
b No, he didnt. to the hotel. We were (8) when
2 Who did Max go on holiday with? (9) started talking to us. They
spoke English really well. Were planning to
a He went with three girls.
meet them again in (10) .
b He went with Josh and Dan.
3 What did he do on the last evening? What have you been up to in the last month?
Did you go on holiday? Did you meet any new
a He went surfing. people? I cant wait to hear from you so please
b He went to the beach. write soon.
4 Did Max meet any new people there?
Bye for now
a Yes, he met three girls.
Vicky
b Yes, he met Dan.
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Interface basics

Language reference
Present simple used to
We use the present simple for routines We use used to + verb to talk about past habits
andhabits. and states. We use it to talk about things that
I get up at 7am every morning. people did regularly in the past but they dont
We can use the present simple with adverbs do now.
offrequency. I used to play tennis but now I play basketball.
We often have salad for lunch. He used to go to St Johns School but now he
goes to Trumouth School.
We form the present simple with the base form
of the verb (eg play, work). We add -s or -es to
the verb with he, she or it. Subject and object questions
They play football after school. If the question word is the subject of the
My dad works in the town centre. question, we dont use an auxiliary verb (do,
does, did etc).
Present continuous Who telephoned you?
Marta telephonedme.
We use the present continuous to describe what
is happening at the moment. If the question word is the object of the
question, we must use an auxiliary verb (do,
Were eating dinner now.
does, did etc).
We form the present continuous with subject + What did you buy yesterday?
be + verb + -ing. I bought a new jacket.
Theyre reading a book at the moment.
We form the negative with not. Wordlist
You arent listening to me.
We form questions with be + subject + verb + Life-changing events
-ing. In short answers we use be, not -ing.
become rich
Is he sleeping right now? change school
Yes, he is. No, heisnt. drop out of university
get into trouble
affirmative negative
go abroad
Im eating Im not eating go for a job interview
Youre eating You arent eating have an accident

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Hes / Shes / Its eating He / She / It isnteating make new friends
Were / Youre / Theyre We / You / They arent move house
eating eating retire
question settle down
start your own business
Am I eating? take a gap year
Are you eating?
win an award
Is he / she / it eating?
Are we / you / they eating? Verb + preposition
short answer agree about
Yes, I am. No, Im not. agree with
Yes, you are. No, you arent. argue about
Yes, he / she / it is. No, he / she / it isnt. argue with
Yes, we / you / they are. No, we / you / they arent. depend on
dream about
listen to
Past simple look forward to
We use the past simple to talk about events participate in
inthe past. talk to
She watched TV last night. wait for
We use the auxiliary verb do to make the worry about
negative and question forms.
We didnt win an award.
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Did you eat pasta last night?


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Interface basics

Vocabulary 1
Literary genres
adventure autobiography biography comic crime fantasy historical fiction non-fiction
play poetry romantic novel science fiction short story thriller

1 Match the literary genres with the pictures. 3 Match the definitions with the words in the
1 poetry C box.
2 crime biography comic fantasy non-fiction
3 fantasy science fiction thriller
4 romantic novel
5 adventure A book about imaginary
6 comic
creatures. fantasy
1 A book about facts and events.
7 historical fiction
2 A book about a persons life.
8 play
3 A book or magazine with
a b cartoons.
4 A book about life in the future,
often on another planet.
5 An exciting book with mystery
and suspense.

4 Circle the correct words.


c d And then they fall in love.
romantic novel / thriller
1 A famous tennis player writes about his life.
poetry / autobiography
2 The story of a horse which can fly.
fantasy / autobiography
e f 3 I prefer reading short pieces of fiction.
non-fiction / short story
4 The hero shouts his lines in this section.
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play / poetry
5 This book is really exciting the police cant
find the criminal anywhere.
crime / fantasy
g h

EXTRA!
What are your favourite literary genres?
What are your least favourite?
I like reading adventure and crime but
2 Complete the literary genres with vowels. I dont like comics.
sc i e nc e f i ct i o n
1 b gr phy
2 thr ll r
3 sh rt st ry
4 t b gr phy
5 n n-f ct n
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Grammar 1 3 Complete the sentences with when orwhile.

Past simple and past He was climbing a tree when he had


anaccident.
continuous 1 I was going to the cinema I saw
my best friend.
Past continuous 2 they were cleaning the house,
they found some money.
affirmative negative 3 We werent home you phoned.
I was reading I wasnt reading 4 My brother dropped out of university
You were reading You werent reading he was studying chemistry.
He was reading He wasnt reading 5 I woke up, I was dreaming.
She was reading She wasnt reading
We were reading We werent reading 4 Circle the correct words.
You were reading You werent reading
They were reading They werent reading
I walked / was walking into the bathroom
while my grandma was having a bath.
1 While I did / was doing an exam, my
LOOK! phonerang.
Was I / he / she reading? 2 She was swimming when she saw / was
Yes, I / he / she was. seeing a shark.
No, I / he / she wasnt. 3 When the teacher came into the classroom,
I talked / was talking to my best friend.
Were we / you / they reading? 4 I fell / was falling asleep while I was
Yes, we / you / they were. reading the book.
No, we / you / they werent. 5 They were living in New York when they
met / were meeting Brad Pitt.
1 Complete the sentences with was/wasnt
andwere/werent. 5 Complete the questions.

I was doing my homework at 8pm. Did you have Did you move
1 My best friend worrying about Did the phone ring Were you doing
his chemistry exam. Were you listening Were you living
2 We looking forward to Davids Were you doing your homework
birthday party. when your mum came home?

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3 You (not) reading a comic. 1 an accident while you
4 My brother (not) waiting for me. were walking home?
5 My friends talking about a film. 2 to music when your
6 I (not) eating my breakfast at English class started?
9.30am. 3 while you were having
breakfast?
2 Write complete sentences. Use the prompts 4 here when you met
and the past continuous. your best friend?
He / watch TV / at 6pm. 5 house while you were
He was watching TV at 6pm. studying at primary school?
1 They / not have dinner / in the kitchen.
They in the kitchen. EXTRA!
2 I / not argue / with my best friend.
Write answers to the questions in exercise 5 for
I with my best
friend. you.
3 Tom / do his homework / after dinner. No, I wasnt. I was watching TV.
Tom after dinner. 1
4 You / sleep / when I got home. 2
You when I got home. 3
5 She / not have a good time / at the party. 4
She at the party. 5
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Interface basics

Vocabulary 2
Compound nouns
audiobook best-seller book deal bookshop computer program graphic novel love letter
popular press postcard public library school holiday secondary school social life
text message

1 Circle the correct words. 3 Circle the correct answer for each definition.
secondary / post school The time you spend with your friends
1 love / audio letter a social life b best-seller
2 graphic / public library 1 Newspapers which are about peoples
3 text / post message private lives
4 popular / book deal a popular press b a book deal
5 love / computer program 2 A place where you can borrow books
6 school / best holiday a bookshop b public library
3 A small card with a picture which you send
2 Match the compound nouns in the box with when youre on holiday
thepictures. a love letter b postcard
4 A book which uses pictures to tell the story
best-seller graphic novel love letter a graphic novel b popular press
postcard social life
5 Written communication you send or receive
on a mobile phone
a computer program b text message

4 Read the sentences and circle the correct


compound nouns.
Jack Jones book is selling millions of copies.
best-seller / text message
1 Suzys having a great time at the beach!
love letter 1
postcard / graphic novel
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2 Where can I buy that book? Its fantastic!


bookshop / public library
3 I prefer listening to books to reading them.
I love the sound effects.
book deal / audiobook
4 I love going out and making new friends.
social life / popular press
2 3 5 That publisher is going to give him
$100,000 for his new book.
computer program / book deal
6 That magazine is full of articles about
famous people. Its all rubbish!
love letter / popular press
7 The students at my school are aged 1218.
school holiday / secondary school

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Interface basics

Grammar 2 LOOK!
Past perfect We use these time expressions with the
pastperfect.
affirmative By the time I got to class, the lesson had
I / Youd started.
He / Shed written a best-seller. I got to class after the lesson had started.
We / You / Theyd The lesson had started before I got to class.
negative The lesson had already started when I got
toclass.
I / You hadnt I got to class at 9.10am. By then the lesson had
He / She hadnt sent a postcard. started.
We / You / They hadnt
3 Match the sentence beginnings and ends.
1 Rewrite the sentences. Use contracted forms
of the past perfect. 1 They arrived at a my sister had
the train station cooked the dinner.
I had read the book. 2 By the time I b By then my little
Id read the book. got home brother had
She had not written a postcard. 3 The film had broken two chairs.
She hadnt written a postcard. already started c after the train had
1 They had sent a text message. 4 He had done his left.
homework d when we got to
2 We had argued about the dinner. 5 I got up at 10am. the cinema.
e before his mum
3 You had not participated in the class. came home.
4 Complete the sentences with the past perfect
4 He had taken a gap year. form of the verbs in brackets.

Before I started school, I had learnt
5 I had not got into trouble.
(learn) to read.

1 By the time I was five, I
(break) my leg and my arm.
2 Complete the sentences with the words in
2 I went to bed at 1am last night. By then

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thebox. I (read) two plays and three
had drunk had eaten had played poems.
hadnt finished hadnt participated 3 I met my best friend after I
hadnt read (begin) secondary school.
4 After I (finish) dinner, I ate
She had eaten the cake. apizza.
1 They the milk. 5 When I started secondary school,
2 We the exercise. I (already change) school
3 You her autobiography. threetimes.
4 I cards with my friends.
5 He in the class. EXTRA!
Rewrite the sentences in exercise 4 so they are
true for you.
Before I started school, I hadnt learnt
to read.
1
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Interface basics

Reading Writing
A book review 3 Read the factfile about Casino Royale. Would
1 Read the text and match the paragraphs with you like to read this book?
the questions.
1 Would you recommend the book?
Why (not)? Book: Casino Royale
2 Who wrote the book? When? Author: Ian Fleming
3 What is the story? Published: 1953
Main character: James Bond
A Girl with a Copies sold: 00 million copies
1
Pearl Earring is worldwide of
about the Dutch all James Bond
painter Vermeer. stories.
This historical Story: ecret agent
S
novel was written works for British
government. Has
by American author
to destroy villain,
Tracy Chevalier. It Le Chiffre. Falls
was published in in love with his
1999. It has won an important award and it has companion, a
sold millions of copies worldwide. beautiful woman.

B The book tells the story of Griet, a sixteen- Recommended People who like
for: James Bond and
year-old Dutch girl who becomes a servant in have an interest
the Vermeers house. She has to work very hard. in thrillers
Griet also has to clean Vermeers studio where
she learns to mix colours for Vermeer. Then 4 Now use the factfile to complete the book
Vermeer secretly starts to paint Griet wearing his review.
wifes pearl earrings. However, when Catharina,
Vermeers wife, finds out, Griet gets into trouble. Casino Royale is the first novel about
C In conclusion, I would recommend this book. (1) James Bond . This thriller was written
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I like it because it tells you about social life in by British author (2) . It was
the Netherlands in the 17th century. If you like published in (3) . The James Bond
historical fiction and are interested in painting then books have sold more than (4) .
you will enjoy it. The book tells the story of James Bond, a
secret agent who works for the
2 Read the text again and circle T (true) or (5) . The story begins in a casino.
There, James Bond must stop the villain,
F (false).
(6) , from winning a lot of
Girl with a Pearl Earring is non-fiction. T/F money in a card game.James Bond has a
1 Tracy Chevalier is from the USA. T/F companion, (7) , who he falls in
2 This book has become a best-seller. T/F love with. Finally, James Bond wins the game
3 Griet doesnt work very much in which makes Le Chiffre very angry and the
Vermeers house. T/F
actionbegins.
4 Vermeer doesnt tell his wife that
Griet is wearing her earrings. T/F In conclusion, I would recommend this book.
5 Catharina doesnt discover Vermeers I like it because it introduces James Bond and
new painting. T/F his boss, M. If you like (8) and
6 If you like history and art, you will are interested in (9) then you
like this book. T/F will enjoy it.
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Interface basics

Language reference
Past simple Past perfect
We use the past simple to talk about completed We use the past perfect to talk about actions in
actions in the past. the past which happened before another action
I sent you a text message last night. in the past (past simple).
We use the auxiliary verb do to make the When I arrived at the party, my friends had
negative and question forms. finished the food. (First my friends finished the
They didnt read the short story. food and then I arrived.)
Did you go to the cinema? We form the past perfect with subject + had +
past participle.
The class had started when I arrived.
Past continuous
We add not to form the negative.
We use the past continuous to describe actions
that were happening in the past. The class hadnt started when I arrived.
I was doing my homework at 7.30pm. We use had + subject + past participle to form
questions. We use subject + had / hadnt to form
We form the past continuous with subject + was /
short answers.
were + verb + -ing.
Had the class started?
He was talking to his friends.
Yes, it had. / No, it hadnt.
They were eating sandwiches.
We use was not (wasnt) or were not (werent) to
form the negative.
Wordlist
He wasnt talking to his friends. Literary genres
They werent eating sandwiches.
adventure
We form questions with was / were +
autobiography
subject + -ing. In short answers we use the
biography
subject + was / wasnt or were / werent.
comic
Was he talking to his friends? crime
Yes, he was. / No, he wasnt. fantasy
Were they eating sandwiches? historical fiction
Yes, they were. / No, they werent. non-fiction
play
Past simple and past poetry

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romantic novel
continuous science fiction
We can use the past simple to interrupt a past short story
continuous action. thriller
Rachel was watching TV when she heard
anoise. Compound nouns
audiobook
when and while best-seller
book deal
We generally use the past simple after when.
bookshop
I was waiting for the bus when I saw mymum. computer program
We generally use the past continuous afterwhile. graphic novel
I saw my mum while I was waiting for thebus. love letter
popular press
postcard
public library
school holiday
secondary school
social life
text message
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Vocabulary 1
Saving environmental resources
compost food waste install solar panels insulate windows mend old clothes
recycle packaging ride a bike save water share car journeys travel by public transport
turn off lights use rechargeable batteries

1 Match 16 with af to make phrases. 3 Read the text and circle the correct answers.
1 install a solar panels Our family tries to save environmental resources.
2 save b old clothes We dont have a car so I ride a bike / save water
3 insulate c water to school and when we go on holiday we (1)save
4 use d car journeys water / travel by public transport. Our roof is
very sunny so we have (2) installed solar panels
5 share e rechargeable batteries
/ insulated the windows and because we have a
6 mend f windows big garden we (3) compost all our food waste /
recycle packaging. When were at home we all sit
2 Match the phrases with the pictures. in the same room so we can (4) use rechargeable
1 install solar panels e batteries / turn off the lights in the other rooms.
2 ride a bike
3 travel by public transport 4 Match the problems with the ways to save
4 turn off lights environmental resources in the box.
5 recycle packaging insulate windows mend old clothes
6 compost food waste recycle packaging save water
share car journeys turn off lights
a b
Were all in the kitchen and theres a light
on in the bedroom. turn off lights
1 Many people drive to
work alone.
2 Our windows are old and the heat
escapesthrough them.
3 My sister throws away her jeans
Text Interface Macmillan Publishers Limited 2012

whentheyre torn.
4 In our house, we throw away a lot of
plastic, paper and glass.
c d
5 My cousins have a bath
every day.

EXTRA!
What do you do to save environmental resources
at home? And at school?
At home we recycle packaging. We dont
throw away plastic, paper or glass.
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Grammar 1 3 Complete the sentences with for or since.

Present perfect My mum has shared car journeys


since 2010.
affirmative 1 We have made a lot of new friends
last year.
Ive
Youve 2 My little brother hasnt got into trouble
Hes / Shes / Its used rechargeable two weeks.
Weve batteries. 3 I havent read a comic a year.
Youve 4 My family has recycled packaging
Theyve I was 12.
5 The public library has existed in our town
negative
1965.
I havent
You havent 4 Circle the correct words.
He / She / It hasnt
mended old clothes. We moved / have moved house last year.
We havent
1 My uncle became / has become rich three
You havent
years ago.
They havent
2 How long did you play / have you played
the piano?
1 Complete the sentences with the present
3 We didnt eat / havent eaten ice cream
perfect form of the verbs in brackets.
since last summer.
My uncle has insulated (insulate) 4 When did you change / have you changed
hiswindows. schools?
1 I (play) rugby andcricket. 5 Im feeling bad because I argued / have
2 We (eat) pizza fordinner. argued with my friends again.
3 My grandma (not ride)a bike.
4 You (not talk) to my cousin. 5 Complete the sentences with just and the
5 My friends (recycle) thepaper. present perfect.
6 I (not turn off) thelights. It has just started (start) to
rain.
2 Order the words to make questions.
have / you / a mobile phone / How long /

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had 1 They (have)
How long have you had a mobile phone? their breakfast.
1 known / you / How long / have / Maria
How long Maria?
2 your teacher / How long / at your school /
2 I (finish)
worked / has
this book.
How long at your school?
3 at your school / How long / you / been /
have
How long at your school? 3 He (win)
4 your family / lived / How long/ has / here the race.
How long here?
5 you / studied / English / How long / have
How long English? 4 She (see)
a ghost.

5 They
(break) a window.
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Vocabulary 2
Prefixes
misinform misplace misunderstand overcrowd overeat overpopulate recycle reorganize
replace replay undercook underestimate underpay underuse

1 Find and circle eight verbs with prefixes in the 4 Match the prefixes 14 with their
word snake. meaningsad.
ti
re s m se r ec 1 over a do something to excess
u

yc
de

atemis

n er

2 under b do something again


lemisin
replayun

laceu d

3 re c do something incorrectly
4 mis d do something less than
plac

for

ov m necessary
ep
e

ereatr
5 Read the definitions and circle the
2 Complete the verbs with vowels. correctwords.
o
v e rcr o wd Use waste materials, eg paper and glass
1 nd rc k again
2 v rp p l t recycle / reorganize
3 r cycl 1 Give someone the incorrect information
4 nd rp y misunderstand / misinform
5 m s nd rst nd 2 Not use something enough, eg sports
facilities
3 Look at the pictures and complete the underuse / overpopulate
crossword with the words in exercise 2. 3 Show a piece of sports action again,
e.g. a penalty kick
1 2
replay / replace
4 Put something in the wrong place and
loseit
misplace / replace
5 Think that someone or something has less
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ability or power than they really have


3 4 overcrowd / underestimate

EXTRA!
How often do you overeat at Christmas?

Do you often misplace your mobile phone?


5 6 Where do you put it?

How often do you reorganize your bedroom?

Do you think people in your town underuse the


sports facilities?

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Grammar 2
Time expressions with the 3 Circle the correct words.
present perfect We use in positive sentences.
a yet b already
present perfect + still / yet / already
1 We use in negative sentences.
affirmative a yet and still b already and still
We have already finished that exercise. 2 We use in questions.
a yet b still
negative 3 always goes at the end of
I havent eaten my breakfast yet. thesentence.
He still hasnt tidied his room. a Yet b Still
4 goes before the main verb.
question
a Still b Already
Have they seen that film yet? 5 goes before the auxiliary verb.
a Still b Already
1 Rewrite the sentences with already.
I have recycled the packaging. 4 Circle the correct words.
I have already recycled the packaging. She hasnt finished the exam yet / still.
1 They have installed solar panels. 1 We still / yet havent cooked the dinner.
2 Ive still / already seen that film.
2 My dad has mended my bike. 3 They havent phoned yet / already.
4 Has he turned off the music yet / already?
3 We have talked about the party. 5 Youve already / still told me that twice.

4 My grandma has misplaced her new glasses. 5 Order the words to make questions. Then
write the complete answer.
5 I have won three awards for swimming. yet / he / his dinner / Has / eaten
Has he eaten his dinner yet?
Yes, he has already eaten his dinner.
2 Complete the answers with the present
1 they / yet / Have / the windows / insulated
perfect negative + yet.

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Have yet?
Have you opened the door yet? Yes, they
No, I havent opened the door yet. 2 fed / we / Have / yet / the dog
1 Has he made new friends yet? Have yet?
No, he . No, we
2 Have you listened to the audiobook yet? 3 bought / Has / your dad / yet / new shoes
No, I . Has yet?
3 Have you sent a postcard yet? No, he
No, we .
4 yet / Have / you / tidied / your room
4 Has your little sister ridden a bike yet?
Have yet?
No,she .
Yes, I
5 Have your friends got into trouble yet?
No,they .
EXTRA!
Write three sentences for you. Use still, yet and
already.
I havent ridden a motorbike yet.
1
2
3
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Reading Writing
An opinion essay
3 Read the notes for an opinion essay and
1 Read the essay and tick (3) the best title. tick (3) the best title.
a My journey to work.
a We should improve our environment.
b Cars should be banned from the
b Petrol and diesel cars should be banned
city centre.
from city centres.
c Public transport in city centres should
c People should travel by public transport.
be improved.

At present, 1 Whats the public transport like in your


most cities allow city centre?
petrol and diesel Its expensive for children and young people.
cars into their Parts of the city are not connected to the centre.
centres. But, in
my opinion, it 2 Do you think it should be improved? Why?
would be better Yes, I think it should be improved so people leave
if these cars
their cars at home.
were banned
and only clean 3 What are the main problems?
electric cars were 1 Too many cars and a lot of traffic jams so
allowed.
bus journeys are very slow.
Firstly, car
emissions contain carbon dioxide, the main 2 No cheap fares for children and young
greenhouse gas. Greenhouse gas in our people. Its cheaper to go by car.
atmosphere will lead to disastrous changes 3 Public transport system not very good.
in the worlds climate. Secondly, car fumes Many parts of city not connected. People
cause poor air quality in our cities. Whats
more, there are too many cars on the roads. need to take two buses.
Consequently, there are a lot of traffic jams 4 What is your conclusion?
and travelling by car, taxi or bus in city centres
Improve public transport and people will leave
is at present often very slow and frustrating.
Finally, I believe that banning petrol and diesel their cars at home.
cars from city centres is necessary to improve
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our environment. 4 Use the notes in exercise 3 to complete the


In conclusion, banning petrol and diesel cars opinion essay.
would be good for peoples health and the
environment. And it would make driving times At present there is a public transport system
quicker for taxis, buses and any clean electric in my city centre. But, in my opinion, it
cars allowed to use the roads. (1) should be improved so more people
would(2) .
2 Read the essay again and circle T (true) or Firstly, there are a lot of private cars on the roads
F(false). in my city so there are (3) .
Consequently, travelling by bus in my city centre is
You can drive petrol and diesel cars (4) . Secondly, public transport
intomost city centres. T/F in my city is very expensive. There are no cheaper fares
1 The writer thinks that we should only for (5) so it is often cheaper
driveelectric cars in city centres. T/F for a family to drive into the city. Finally, the public
2 Greenhouse gas in the atmosphere transport system in my city is not very good. Many
canchange the weather. T/F parts of the city are (6) very
3 The writer isnt worried about the well with the centre. As a result, some people need to
qualityofair in the cities. T/F take (7) to get to work.
4 Public transport in the writers city is In conclusion, improving public transport would be
slowbecause there are too many cars. T/F good for our city. More people would
5 The writer thinks that taxis and buses (8) , there would not be traffic
should also be banned. T/F jams and bus journeys would be quicker.
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Language reference
Present perfect just, still, yet, already
We use the present perfect to talk about actions We use just to talk about things weve done
that started in the past and that continue into ashort time ago.
the present. Ive just arrived.
I have lived here since 2008. We use still to talk about a situation which
We also use it to talk about actions in the started in the past and continues into
pastwhen we dont mention (or know) the exact thepresent.
time. They still havent turned off the lights.
Shes closed the window. We use yet to talk about things which havent
We also use the present perfect to describe happened in the past but will happen in the
events in the past which have an effect on the future.
current situation. He hasnt done his homework yet.
Weve eaten dinner so were not hungrynow. We use already to describe things which have
We form the affirmative with has / have + past been completed before the present.
participle. Weve already recycled the glass.
Ive won the race.
Hes listened to music. Wordlist
We form the negative with hasnt / havent + past
participle. Saving environmental resources
I havent won the race. compost food waste
He hasnt listened to music. install solar panels
We form questions with Has / Have + subject + insulate windows
past participle. mend old clothes
Have you won the race? recycle packaging
Has he listened to music? ride a bike
save water
share car journeys
Present perfect and travel by public transport
past simple turn off lights
We use the present perfect for situations where use rechargeable batteries
the time period is not finished. We use more Prefixes

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general time expressions such as recently, never,
for six years etc. misinform
I have lived here for six years. misplace
misunderstand
We use the past simple for completed actions in overcrowd
the past where the time period is finished. We overeat
use specific time expressions such as yesterday, overpopulate
last week, two years ago etc. recycle
I lived in Madrid two years ago. reorganize
replace
for, since and How long ? replay
We use How long ? + present perfect to ask a undercook
question about time. underestimate
underpay
How long have you lived here?
underuse
To answer the question, we use for with
durations of time and since with starting points
in time.
Ive lived here for two years.
Ive lived here since 2010.
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Vocabulary 1
Style adjectives
casual colourful comfortable conventional fashionable formal glamorous impractical
loose old-fashioned sporty tight trendy

1 Find eight style adjectives in the wordsquare. 3 Write the correct adjective for each sentence.
loose / tight
T T E Y X O W J D M N P
Loose clothes are large and do not
C C X R D C W A A X D C fit your body well.
C O N V E N T I O N A L 1 trendy / old-fashioned
clothes are not modern or
C P M V G Y E Q D S C J
fashionable.
O Y D F Y P E R U U Z Z 2 casual / formal
L Y T R O P S A T A S H clothes are comfortable and
suitable for wearing in informal situations.
O Y Q K O R L G J N W P
3 fashionable / conventional
U R P S H J T V K F C L clothes are traditional. Theyre
R L A C I T C A R P M I not new or different.
4 colourful / comfortable
F A S H I O N A B L E N clothes have bright colours or
U G V U Z S G F V L C L a lot of different colours.
L U U D U Q T A H D E O
4 Match the sentences with the style adjectives
in the box.
2 Match the style adjectives with the pictures.
1 sporty b colourful fashionable glamorous
impractical sporty tight
2 glamorous
3 old-fashioned I love her dress. Its got so
4 tight many different colours. colourful
5 formal 1 You cant wear sandals.
6 loose Its raining and its cold.
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2 She always wears the


a b
latest fashions.
3 Many film stars wear expensive
designer clothes.
4 I often wear a tracksuit
and trainers.
5 These boots are too small.
c d I need a bigger size.

EXTRA!
What clothes do you normally wear? What
about your friends and family?
e f I usually wear comfortable clothes for school
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Grammar 1
Relative pronouns some / any / no compounds
people The maths teacher who helped me people places things
wears glamorous clothes.
affirmative I can see I can see I want
things My trainers which I bought last year someone somewhere to buy
are too tight. on the we can sit something
beach. down. for Mum.
times 2010 is when tight jeans became
fashionable again. negative No one Theres Theres
likes nowhere to nothing to
places Paris is a place where there are a lot romantic buy a drink. do when it
of fashion houses. novels. rains.

1 Read the sentences. Are they talking about question Is anyone Is there Have
people, things, times or places? wearing anywhere you got
jeans we can play anything
My friend who lives in Ireland to the football? to read on
hasgotthreedogs. people party? holiday?
1 8am is when most students
start school. 4 Circle the correct words.
2 A public library is a place where
Im hungry. I need to eat.
you can borrow books.
a someone b something c nothing
3 The boys who we met were
from California. 1 Its very dark in here. I cant see
.
4 The dress which she bought is
very old-fashioned. a something b nothing c anything
2 Im sure shes not there. Can you hear
2 Match the sentence beginnings and ends. ?
a anyone b no one c someone
1 Zara is a shop a when I like to
3 The bus is full. There is to sit.
2 We met a relax.
a no one b nowhere c nothing
football player b who wrote many
crime novels. 4 I havent got to wear for
3 The summer is
Jacksparty.
a time c which cant jump.

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a anything b nothing c something
4 An elephant is d where I buy a lot
an animal of clothes. 5 I like going with a beach on
holiday.
5 Agatha Christie e who played for
was a writer Liverpool. a nowhere b anywhere c somewhere

3 Complete the sentences with who, which, EXTRA!


when or where.
Complete the sentences so they are true foryou.
A best-seller is a book which sells
millions of copies. My city is a place where I like meeting
1 A secondary school is a place my friends.
students aged 1218 study. 1 My best friend is a person who
2 My dad is a mechanic repairs
machines. 2 My bedroom is a place where
3 These are the earrings my
friends gave me. 3 Midnight is a time when
4 It was 31st December my mum
met my dad. 4 My favourite book is a thing which
5 I dont like people dont listen
to me.
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Vocabulary 2
Phrasal verbs: clothes
get into give away go with look for pick out pick up put away put on take off
throw away try on wear out

1 Complete the phrasal verbs with vowels. 3 Match the sentence beginnings and ends.
What is the mystery phrasal verb? 1 You cant go into a out her football
the restaurant boots.
1
T H R O W A W A Y without putting b away our old
2
G T N T 2 Those jeans are clothes to our
3
really old. Throw cousins.
G V W Y 3 Id like to try c on more formal
4 clothes.
T R Y N 4 During the match
5 she wore d on your sweater!
L K F R
5 Its freezing. Put e them away.
6
P C K P 6 My mum used f on those shoes in
7
P T N to give size 39.

Mystery phrasal verb: 4 Choose the correct phrasal verbs to complete


W R T the conversation.
Shop assistant: Can I help you?
2 Circle the correct words.
Lucy: Yes, Im (1) looking for a
Dont forget to take off / dress for my sisters wedding.
put on your gloves. Shop assistant: This dress is very glamorous.
What size are you?
Lucy: Can I (2) a size
36, please?
1 She looked for / put away her Shop assistant: Yes, of course! And this
dress after the party. jacket will (3)
itperfectly.
Lucy: Thank you!
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Shop assistant: Shall I (4) a hat


2 My sister throws away / gives for you, too?
away her old clothes. Lucy: Oh, yes please!
I cant (5) the
dress. Its too tight. Have you
got a bigger size?
3 She cant get into / wear out Shop assistant: No, we havent, but you can
her dress. (6) a bigger size
at our other shop.
Lucy: Oh, OK.
1 a looking for b wearing out
4 Its hot. Hes taking off / 2 a take off b try on
putting on his sweater.
3 a go with b put on
4 a pick out b throw away
5 a give away b get into
6 a pick up b put away
5 This film star is throwing
away / giving away her coat.
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Grammar 2
The future 2 Complete the sentences with be going to and
the words in brackets.
will / wont + verb for future predictions
We are going to travel (we travel) around
affirmative the world next year.
I / You / He / She / It / We / You / Theyll go. 1 (they not install) solar
panels. Its very expensive.
negative
2 (I not argue) with you.
I / You / He / She / It / We / You / They wont go. 3 (he have) a party at
the weekend for his birthday?
question and short answer
4 (my friends send) me a
Will I / you / he / she / it / we / you / they go? text message.
Yes, I / you / he / she / it / we / you / theywill. 5 (I look for) some new
No, I / you / he / she / it / we / you / theywont. clothes on Saturday.
6 Hes ill. (he not
1 Write sentences or questions with will or wont. participate) in the marathon?
I / become / rich and famous.
Ill become rich and famous. LOOK!
1 I / not wear / old-fashioned clothes when Im We can also use the present continuous to talk
older. about future arrangements.
Im visiting my grandma in hospital at 4pm
2 He / drop out of university? tomorrow.

3 In the future / we / travel / by electric cars?


3 Circle the correct answers.
4 My friends / not live / here next year. Hes very friendly. Hes going to make /
Hes making new friends at summer camp.
5 My teacher / not work / here in2020. 1 I dont know what to do. I know! Im
phoning / Ill phone a friend.
2 Its all arranged. Ill have / Im having a
be going to for future events or intentions party on Saturday.

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3 That baby looks very unhappy. Shell / Shes
affirmative
going to cry.
Im 4 I think people are living / will live on other
Youre planets in the future.
going to watch TV.
He / She / Its
5 Hell wear / Hes wearing his suit for the
We / You / Theyre
interview next week.
negative
Im not LOOK!
You arent We can also use might + verb for a future
going to watch TV.
He / She / It isnt possibility.
We / You / They arent
Im not sure. I might study at university.
question
Am I
Are you
going to watch TV?
Is he / she / it
Are we / you / they

short answer
Yes, I am. No, Im not.
Yes, you are. No, you arent.
Yes, he / she / it is. No, he / she / it isnt.
Yes, we / you / they are. No, we / you / they arent.
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Reading Writing
A comparison
4 Complete the notes about two friends.
1 Read the text about Maxine and Leonie. Who
likes going shopping? 1 Who are your two friends? (Choose two
friends with different styles.)
My two friends Maxine and Leonie have quite
2 What clothes does Friend 1 (F1) often wear?
different styles.

Maxine often wears blue jeans, a T-shirt and 3 Has he/she got a special pair of boots or shoes?
a red leather jacket. And shes got a pair of red
cowboy boots which look great with her jeans. If 4 What do these boots or shoes look great with?
we go dancing or to a party, she still wears jeans
but she sometimes puts on a glamorous top, for 5 What does F1 wear when you go out?
example something with gold or silver on it.
6 What clothes does Friend 2 (F2) love?
She also uses jewellery and hairstyles to create

different looks.
7 What are F2s clothes like?
While Maxine nearly always wears jeans, Leonie
loves skirts or dresses. And Leonies clothes are 8 Where does F2 buy his/her clothes?
always unusual. She loves vintage clothes so she
spends a lot of time mending old clothes which 9 Whats F1s style like?
she buys in markets.
10 What is F2s style like?
While Maxine looks very confident, Leonie
always looks artistic and dreamy. And Maxine 11 Does F1 spend a lot of money or time on
spends very little time or money on her clothes, clothes?
whereas Leonie goes shopping a lot and is very
interested in fashion magazines. 12 What is F2 interested in (the latest fashions,
magazines, new hairstyles etc)?
2 Read the text again and circle M (Maxine) or
L (Leonie).
She sometimes wears cowboy boots. M/L
5 Now use your notes to complete the text
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1 She hardly ever wears skirts or dresses. M/L about your two friends.
2 Shes interested in earrings
and necklaces. M/L My two friends (1) (F1 and F2)
3 Her clothes are a little bit different. M/L have quite different styles.
4 She doesnt buy new clothes. M/L (2) (F1) often wears
5 She isnt interested in shopping (3) . Hes/Shes got a pair of
or fashion magazines. M/L (4) which look great with
(5) . If we go out, he/she wears
3 Complete the sentences. (6) .
Leonie spends a lot of time in shops While (7) (F1) usually wears
Maxine loves jeans (8) , (9) (F2)
she often changes her hairstyle loves (10) .
she often wears vintage dresses And (11) (F2) s clothes are
Leonie doesnt wear jeans but
(12) . He/She buys them
she often wears vintage dresses .
(13) .
1 Leonie wears skirts or dresses, whereas While (14) (F1) looks
. (15) , (16) (F2)
2 Maxine doesnt go shopping, while always looks (17) . And
. (18) (F1) spends
3 Although Maxine nearly always wears (19) , whereas
jeans, . (20) (F2) is very interested in
(21) .
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Language reference
Relative pronouns The future
We use relative pronouns to give extra We use will or wont + verb to make predictions
information about people, things, places and about the future.
time. They are used to link two sentences. Ill be rich and famous.
Thats my friend. He goes to my school. She wont live in Italy for a long time.
Thats my friend who goes to my school. We can also use will to talk about spontaneous
We use who for people, which for things, where decisions.
for places and when for time. We can use that Im cold. Ill put on another sweater.
instead of who or which. We use might to talk about a future possibility.
Thats the man who / that phoned you. Were not sure but we might go to Paris.
Ive got a pen which / that I bought in London. We use be going to to talk about future plans or
My bedroom is a place where I can relax. intentions.
11am is a time when I have something to eat. Hes going to study chemistry at university.
We can use the present continuous to talk about
some / any / no compounds future arrangements.
Some is used with countable and uncountable Our football team is playing at 3pm on
nouns in affirmative sentences. Saturday.
Im looking for something to wear tonight. We can also use be going to to talk about
Any can be used in both negative sentences and predictions based on present evidence.
questions. I feel terrible. I think Im going to be ill.
I cant find anywhere to sit.
Has anyone taken my book? Wordlist
No one can only be used in negative sentences.
Style adjectives
Theres no one here.
We add -one to talk about people, -thing to talk casual
about things and -where to talk about places. colourful
I need someone to help me. comfortable
I need something to drink. conventional
fashionable
I need somewhere to sit.
formal

Text Interface Macmillan Publishers Limited 2012


glamorous
impractical
loose
old-fashioned
sporty
tight
trendy
Phrasal verbs: clothes
get into
give away
go with
look for
pick out
pick up
put away
put on
take off
throw away
try on
wear out
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Vocabulary 1
The world of work
allowance application form apprenticeship benefits bonus conditions contract expenses
job advertisement pay rise pension promotion salary work experience

1 Order the letters to make work and 4 What are they talking about? Circle the
moneywords. correct words.
aalsyr s alar y When my granddad stops working, hell
1 pcraehpinpties a p receive money.
2 nsbou b s salary / pension
3 onipnes p n 1 This one says theyre looking for someone
4 acctnort c t who likes children.
contract / job advertisement
5 moooiptrn p n
2 My brothers at university. My parents give
6 yap esri p e
him 500 every month.
7 rowk xeeeeripcn w e work experience / allowance
8 ncllaawoe a e 3 The companys going to pay me a little
more every month.
2 Match 16 with af to make work and money bonus / pay rise
words. 4 We get a free club, membership to a gym
1 appli a itions and money for clothes. Its great.
2 bene b vertisement conditions / benefits
3 cond c enses 5 They work 40 hours a week, Monday to
Saturday. They have two weeks holiday.
4 job ad d fits
conditions / benefits
5 exp e otion
6 I wrote that I was good with people
6 prom f cation form
and that I enjoyed helping others.
apprenticeship / application form
3 Circle the correct words.
a written agreement between two people EXTRA!
a a contract b conditions
1 When you stop working at 65, you What sort of job would you like in the future?
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receive . What sort of job would you NOT like?


a an allowance b a pension
2 Extra money in addition to your normal
I would like a job with good working
salary
conditions, for example long holidays.
a a bonus b work experience
3 To move to a higher level in a company
a a promotion b a pay rise
4 An announcement in a newspaper, on the
internet etc, looking for more workers
a an apprenticeship b a job
advertisement
5 Money that you spend when you are
working but which you can get back from
your company, e.g. for travelling or food
a benefits b expenses
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Grammar 1
The first conditional The second conditional
situation consequence situation consequence
If my dad gets a promotion, hell be happy. If you worked harder, youd get a promotion.
If you stay at home, you wont get the job. If they earned more money, they wouldnt live here.

consequence situation consequence situation


Id earn millions of Euros if I was a football player.
Hell get a bonus if he sells a lot of cars.
He wouldnt be unemployed if he lived in a big city.
They wont give you a pay rise if you work slowly.

3 Match the sentence beginnings and ends.


1 Complete the first conditional sentences.
1 We would a if I forgot her
If you throw away the rubbish, go abroad birthday.
Ill clean (clean) the kitchen.
2 If my sister b they would play
1 If he looks in the newspaper, he lived in Paris volleyball.
(find) a lot of job
3 I wouldnt c if we had more
advertisements.
be tired money.
2 He (go) abroad if he
4 If my friends didnt d I would visit her
takes a gap year.
play basketball there.
3 If you dont listen, you
5 My mum wouldnt e if I didnt go to
(not understand) me.
be happy bed so late.
4 Your parents (worry)
about you if you dont phone them.
4 Circle the correct words.
5 We (not play) tennis if
the weather is bad. We saved / would save electricity if we
turned off the lights.
2 Circle the correct words. 1 You would enjoy that book if you read /
would read it.
If I a trendy blue jacket, Ill
2 If I went / would go skiing, I would have an
buy it.
accident.
a see b will see
3 You made / would make new friends if you
1 If your homework is difficult, I changed school.
you.
4 If they had an umbrella, they wouldnt be /

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a help b ll help didnt be wet.
2 If you to the party, youll have 5 If I wasnt / wouldnt be ill, I would go out
a good time. with my friends.
a come b ll come
3 She the exam if she doesnt 5 Order the words to make questions.
study.
would / do / if / won / What / you / you / a
a fail b ll fail
lot of money ?
4 Youll get ill if you a coat.
What would you do if you won a lot
a dont wear b wont wear
of money?
5 If he doesnt do work experience, he
1 rains / What / you / it / at the weekend / will/
the job.
do / if ?
a doesnt get b wont get
What
2 your favourite film star / you / What / saw /
would / do / you / if ?
What
3 on Saturday / will / you / you / What / do / if /
your friends / meet ?
What
4 your mum / What / say / got into trouble /
would / if / you / at school ?
What
5 do / your mobile phone / at home / left /
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Vocabulary 2
Work verbs
apply for a job be unemployed claim expenses earn a salary fill in an application form
get a job get a pension have a full-time job have an interview lose a job sign a contract
work part-time

1 Complete the work verbs with vowels.


a pply f o r a j
b o
1 cl m xp ns s
2 g t j b
3 w rk p rt-t m
4 rn s l ry
5 g t p ns n
6 b n mpl y d

2 Circle the correct words and then match the


work verbs to the pictures. 3 Circle the correct work verbs to complete the
have / sign a job interview b text.
1 have / fill in an application form My brother was unemployed / got a pension.
2 sign / claim a contract He looked at the job advertisements on the
3 lose / work a job internet and decided to (1) claim expenses /
4 have / work a full-time job apply for a job on a summer camp.
5 fill in / apply for a job He (2) earned a salary / filled in the
application form and waited for an answer.
a b About two weeks later, he (3) signed a
contract / had an interview. The interview
went very well and he (4) got the job / lost the
job. Before he started working, he (5) signed
a contract / filled in an application form for
mornings only. Now my brother (6) has a full-
time job / is working part-time at the summer
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camp and hes very happy.

c d 4 Read the text in exercise 3 again. Complete


these work verbs and put them in order.
1 be unemployed 1
2 a job interview
3 for a job
4 a job
5 a contract
e f 6 part-time
7 in an application form

EXTRA!
Do your parents work full-time or part-time?

Have you ever applied for a job?

Is it easy to get a job where you live?


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Grammar 2
Gerunds and infinitives 3 Circle the correct words.
I finished cleaning / to clean the house at
Remember! 9pm.
We often use two verbs in a sentence. The 1 We often spend time looking / to look for
second verb can either be a gerund (-ing) new clothes.
form or an infinitive. 2 I learnt playing / to play the piano when I
I like reading science fiction books. was very young.
We decided to buy my dad a new hat. 3 My parents cant afford buying / to buy a
new car at the moment.
4 I dont want eating / to eat now. Im not
1 Match the sentence beginnings and ends. hungry.
1 My friends enjoy d 5 My teachers love giving / to give us more
2 I cant afford homework for the weekend.
3 My sister would like
4 Were looking forward to
4 Complete the sentences with the correct form
5 When I finished (gerund or infinitive) of the verbs in brackets.
6 Hes arranged My brother likes going (go) to bed late.
1 Im not looking forward to
a going on the school trip. (get) a job.
b to meet his friends later. 2 I didnt enjoy (visit) that
c playing the match, I was very tired. museum.
d reading thrillers, but I dont. 3 Weve arranged (have) the
e to buy expensive clothes. party on Saturday.
f to be a nurse when shes older. 4 Ive decided (buy) my mum
some earrings.
2 Complete the table with the verbs in the box. 5 My teacher spends a lot of time
(write) on the board.
arrange like look forward to love
want would like
EXTRA!
verb + -ing verb + infinitive Complete the sentences with a gerund or an

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infinitive so they are true for you.
enjoy (1) arrange
When I leave school, I would like
(2) cant afford to take a gap year and go abroad.
1 I cant afford
spend time (3) 2 Im looking forward
3 I always enjoy
(4) decide 4 I dont like
finish 5 When I was five, I learnt
(5)

(6) learn
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Reading Writing
A letter of application
3 Complete Karens CV with the headings in
1 Read the job advert and circle T (true) or thebox.
F (false). Education Experience Personal details
This programme tries to help the Personal qualities References
environment. T/F
1 You have to be over 18 to work at
Green Camps. T/F
Personal details
2 You have to bring your own food. T/F Name: Karen Blythe
3 You need to write a letter Nationality: British
of application. T/F Address: 73 Victoria Street, London
Telephone: 7444 1111133

(1)
At present: Year 11, Wandsworth High School,
London. Studying for GCSEs
University plans: Veterinary Science
(2)
Farm work: Look after horses
Animal clinic: Clean, prepare food and help in
Green Camps Programme the office
Are you passionate about green issues? Do you want (3)
to do something to improve the environment? Every Im a hardworking person with enthusiasm
year we invite volunteers to join the Green Camps andenergy.
Programme and help in a variety of environmental (4)
projects. This year we have 20 camps open for two
Kate France, my tutor
weeks. The jobs for volunteers include:
cleaning beaches helping in our offices
4 Now use the information in Karens CV to
planting trees updating our website complete the letter of application.
repairing country helping in our kitchens
paths and walls Dear Sir/Madam,
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working with horses photographing our work I am writing to apply for a volunteer position on
Volunteers must be aged 1618 and hardworking, your Green Camps Programme. I would be most
enjoy working in a team and living and working interested in working with animals.
outdoors in all weather. We provide training, I am 16 years old and currently in (1) Year 11 .
accommodation in tents, excellent meals and fun I am taking my GCSEs this summer and plan to
activities in the evenings. continue at school next year. In the future I would
To apply, write and tell us what you can offer us. like to study (2) at university.
Please say which type of activities you are most I have been interested in animals since I was five
interested in. years old. I often help my grandparents on their
farm, in particular I (3) . I sometimes
2 Read the advert again and answer the help at a local animal clinic too where I
questions. (4) .

How many different camps I think I would learn a lot from being a volunteer on
are there? 20 your programme. I am a hardworking person with
(5) .
1 How long do volunteers
work for? I am enclosing a reference from (6) .
2 Are all the jobs outside? I look forward to hearing from you.
3 Where do the volunteers Yours faithfully,
sleep?
4 What do the volunteers do Karen Blythe
after work?
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Language reference
The first conditional Gerunds and infinitives
We use the first conditional to talk about We sometimes use two verbs together in a
possible situations and their consequences. sentence. The second verb can be a gerund
If it rains tomorrow, we wont go to the beach. (-ing form) or an infinitive.
We use if + subject + present simple for the I like meeting my friends on Saturdays.
situation and then subject + will / wont + I want to buy some new shoes.
infinitive without to for the consequence. We use the gerund (-ing form) after certain
SITUATION CONSEQUENCE verbs, in particular opinion verbs such as like,
If I go to the party, Ill have a good time. dislike, dont mind, love and enjoy.
If the situation comes first, we use a comma. He loves playing cards.
If they dont leave now, theyll be late. We use the gerund after prepositions.
If the consequence comes first, we dont needa Our team is looking forward to playing the
comma. final.
Theyll be late if they dont leave now. We use the gerund as the subject of a sentence.
Eating fruit is good for you.
The second conditional We use the infinitive after certain verbs such as
We use the second conditional to talk about want, need and decide.
imaginary or improbable future situations and Ive decided to study history at university.
their consequences. We use the infinitive after adjectives.
If I won the lottery, I would travel around the Im happy to meet you.
world.
We use if + subject + past simple for the situation Wordlist
and then subject + would / wouldnt + infinitive
without to for the consequence. The world of work
SITUATION CONSEQUENCE
allowance
If I found a lot of money, I would take it to the application form
police station. apprenticeship
If the situation comes first, we use a comma. benefits
If we didnt have school, we would play bonus
football all day. conditions

Text Interface Macmillan Publishers Limited 2012


If the consequence comes first, we dont need a contract
comma. expenses
job advertisement
We would play football all day if we didnt
pay rise
have school.
pension
promotion
salary
work experience
Work verbs
apply for a job
be unemployed
claim expenses
earn a salary
fill in an application form
get a job
get a pension
have a full-time job
have an interview
lose a job
sign a contract
work part-time
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Vocabulary 1
Crime verbs
arrest a suspect be guilty be innocent catch a thief commit a crime do community service
go on trial go to prison investigate a crime look for clues pay a fine question a suspect
solve a crime suspect someone

1 Circle the correct words. 3 Complete the sentences with Criminals or


solve / catch a crime The police.
1 pay / arrest a suspect The police arrest a suspect.
2 look for / solve clues 1 are guilty.
3 go / do on trial 2 commit crimes.
4 be / do community service 3 go to prison.
5 make / commit a crime 4 look for clues.
6 do / be innocent 5 question a suspect.
7 pay / do a fine 6 do community service.
7 pay a fine.
2 Match the words with the pictures.
1 be guilty d 4 Read the text and circle the correct words.
2 go on trial
3 investigate a crime 10,000 STOLEN FROM
4 catch a thief JACKS RESTAURANT
5 go to prison 10,000 was taken from Jacks Restaurant
6 question a suspect last night. The police are investigating
a b this serious (1) . They are
looking for (2) and they are
questioning (3) . The police
hope to arrest the (4) later
today. Detective Watkins says This is
very serious. We expect to solve the
(5) very soon and this thief
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will go to (6) for several years.


c d
1 a crime b suspect
2 a fines b clues
3 a suspects b guilty
4 a thief b crime
5 a crime b trial
6 a trial b prison

e f
EXTRA!
1 Have you ever seen a crime? What happened?

2 What type of crimes do people commit where


you live?

3 Do the police catch many criminals where you


live? Why / Why not?
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Grammar 1 3 Order the words to make sentences.

Modals of deduction and be / might / my / I / because / watch broke /


late .
possibility I might be late because my watch broke.
You havent 1 ill / be / may / Kevin / is / at home /
99% because / he .
You must be hungry. eaten anything
certain
all day.

may She hasnt 2 The children / shouting / are / be / they /


50% bored / so / must .
She might be hungry. eaten very
possible
could much.

99% Theyve just 3 home / That / be / my mum / she / arrives / at


They cant be hungry. 7pm / must / because .
uncertain eaten.

1 Write complete sentences with must + be. 4 so / me / she / guilty / was / Sandra / with /
be / cant .
Hes drinking a lot of water.
he / thirsty
He must be thirsty. 5 could / at home / Jason / so / is /
unemployed / be / he .
1 She looks terrible.
she / ill

4 Match the deductions with their meanings.


2 Theyve just climbed a high mountain.
they / tired 1 John must a Im almost certain that
be at home. Hayley isnt French.
3 That woman looks like you. 2 Patrick might b Its possible that
be on holiday. Patrick is on holiday.
she / your grandmother
3 Laura could c Im almost certain
be tired. that John is at home.
4 The class has started.
4 Hayley cant d Its possible that George
we / late is Johns brother.
be French.
5 George may be e I think its possible
Johns brother. that Lauras tired.
2 Complete the sentences with must or cant.

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The baby is quiet. She must be asleep. 5 Circle the correct words.
1 Its -5C. You be hot. Im not sure but I think hes in the library.
2 Shes in my class at school. She He must / may / cant be in the library.
be 20 years old. 1 Thats not his brother. Hes too tall.
3 My friends havent arrived yet. They That must / might / cant be his brother.
be late. Hes too tall.
4 Your jeans are too tight. They 2 Jane isnt at school. Maybe shes at the dentist.
be uncomfortable. Jane isnt at school. She must / could / cant
5 That woman be your mother. be at the dentist.
Shes too young. 3 Im almost certain its his birthday today.
Hes wearing new shoes.
It must / may / cant be his birthday today.
Hes wearing new shoes.
4 Its impossible that youre cold. Youre
wearing two sweaters!
You must / might / cant be cold. Youre
wearing two sweaters!
5 I think its possible that its the dog. It
always breaks things.
It must / could / cant be the dog. It always
breaks things.
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Vocabulary 2
Crimes and criminals
kidnapping murder pickpocketing robbery theft vandalism

kidnapper murderer pickpocket robber thief vandal

1 Find and circle three crimes and three 3 Read the definitions and circle the correct
criminals in the wordsquare. words.

V Z T E K C O P K C I P
killing people
murder / vandalism
Y R E K I R B Y H I G U 1 stealing things
R E T Z D R Y N T Z P E theft / kidnapping
E D F N N U E V I L C G 2 a person who steals things from someones
pocket
B R E S A E D G U R D O vandal / pickpocket
B U H S P D U G R F R O 3 a person who steals things from someones
house
O M T O P A C N I O F H
robber / murderer
R E T F I L P O H S F P 4 taking someone away from their family to
J L V A N D A L A S C O get money in return
pickpocketing / kidnapping
R E L F G U M S F N G T
5 damaging things on public property
U G V U Z S G F V L C L robbery / vandalism
L U U D U Q T A H D E O
4 Who are the criminals? Use the words in the
2 Complete the table. box.

kidnapper murderer pickpocket


crime criminal robber thief vandal
(1) vandalism vandal When I got home I found that the
TV, computer and my mp3 player
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robbery (2) robber


had gone.
1 The family got a letter asking
(3) murderer
for 12 million Euros.
pickpocketing (4) 2 He painted on the walls and
threw paint over the chairs.
(5) kidnapper 3 I realized he had stolen my
wallet when I got home.
(6) thief 4 He took all the money from the shop
before the police arrived.
5 He left the dead body there
for two days.

EXTRA!
What do you think is the most serious crime?
Why?

What do you think is the least serious crime?


Why?
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Grammar 2 3 Match the sentence beginnings and ends.

The third conditional 1 If he hadnt a she would have


been ill, got the job.
situation consequence 2 They would have b he would have
said hello gone to the party.
If you had bought she would have been
your mum a present, happy. 3 If I hadnt misplaced c if you hadnt
my mobile phone, read the book.
If he hadnt gone to he wouldnt have
4 If she had gone for d if they had seen
bed so late, failed the exam.
the interview, you.
consequence situation 5 You wouldnt have e if we hadnt
seen the film taken the train.
They would have if they had changed
made new friends school. 6 We would have f I would have
been late phoned you.
He wouldnt have if he hadnt gone
broken his leg skiing.
4 Circle the correct answers.

1 Complete the sentences in the third If I had been a boy, my name had been /
would have been Marcus.
conditional.
1 If they hadnt paid / wouldnt have paid the
If he had studied (study) more, he would fine, they would have gone to prison.
have passed the exam. 2 I had sent / would have sent you a text
1 If he (work) harder, he message if I had known your mobile phone
wouldnt have lost his job. number.
2 If he (not take) a gap year, he 3 If it had snowed yesterday, we had made /
wouldnt have visited a lot of countries. would have made a snowman.
3 If you (tell) us it was so bad, 4 If you hadnt told / wouldnt have told me,
we wouldnt have seen the film. Iwouldnt have known about the disco.
4 If he (not meet) his girlfriend, 5 If the weather had been better, we had
my brother would have dropped out of gone / would have gone to the beach.
university.
5 If the police (not look) for
clues, they wouldnt have caught the thief.
EXTRA!
Complete the sentences so they are true foryou.
2 Complete the sentences with the words If I hadnt done my homework,

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in the box. my teacher would have been very angry.
would have become would have caught 1 If I had cooked the dinner last night, it
would have spoken wouldnt have been
wouldnt have bought wouldnt have left
2 If I hadnt met my best friend, I
If she had written a best-seller, she
would have become rich.
1 If my granddad had earned more money,
3 If I hadnt learnt English, I
he a small house.
2 If we had gone to London on holiday, we
English.
3 If we had arrived earlier, we
the bus.
4 If my boss had given me a pay rise, I
the company.
5 If you hadnt undercooked the meat, you
ill.
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Reading Writing
A narrative
3 Read the notes about another crime.
1 Read the email and put the pictures in order.
Where were you?
a b
sitting in the park
Were you with someone?
with Rob and Jim
What were you doing when it happened?
talking with my friends
Did you see the crime?
c d yes, a young guy stole a womans handbag
What did you do?
stood up and shouted
What did the criminal do?

1 dropped the bag and ran off


Did you phone the police?
no, Jim phoned the police
What happened next?
Hi Martina, the woman was really grateful. Shes going to
Something really strange happened last week. give us a reward on Saturday
I was sitting at my desk and I was doing my
science project. As you know, I can see the street
from the window in front of my desk. 4 Now use the notes to complete Martinsemail.
Suddenly I heard a loud crash outside. I looked
out of the window. A short thin guy had
smashed the front window of a car. I phoned
the police and ran outside. I shouted Stop that, Dear Pete,
you thief! When the guy saw me, he ran down Something really strange happened last week.
the road. I looked in the car. There was a shiny I was (1) sitting in the park with my
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black laptop on the front seat and an expensive- friends, (2) . We were
looking mobile. I stood by the car until the police (3) about our plans for the
came. holidays.
The owner of the car was really grateful. He Suddenly we heard a loud scream. It was a young
owns a trendy restaurant in our area. Hes invited woman. We stopped talking and looked at her.
me to go there for a free lunch with a friend. (4) had stolen her handbag
Would you like to come? and he was running towards us.
Let me know! I (5) and I shouted Stop! Stop!
When the guy saw us, he (6) .
Orla J
I picked up the bag and took it back to the
woman. (7) phoned the police.
2 Read the email again and circle T (true) or
The young woman was (8) .
F (false). She owns a sports shop and she was walking
Orla was doing her science project to the bank with a lot of money in her bag.
last week. T/F Shes told us to go to her shop to collect
(9) . Were going on
1 There was a noise in her house. T/F
(10) . Would you like to come?
2 Orla tried to stop the thief before she
phoned the police. T/F Let me know!
3 The thief stole a laptop and a mobile. T/F Martin
4 The owner of the car also has
a restaurant. T/F
5 Orla is going to pay for her meal in the
restaurant. T/F
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Language reference Wordlist


Modals of deduction Crime verbs
and possibility arrest a suspect
We use must, may, might, could and cant to be guilty
express the probability of a situation. be innocent
99% probable He must be ill. catch a thief
50% probable He may be ill. commit a crime
He might be ill. do community service
go on trial
He could be ill.
go to prison
99% improbable He cant be ill.
investigate a crime
We use must when something is certain or look for clues
logical. pay a fine
Jon must be in his bedroom. I can see a light question a suspect
inthere. solve a crime
We use may / might / could when something is suspect someone
possible but not certain. Crimes
Anita isnt in class. She may / might / could be
on holiday but Im not sure. kidnapping
murder
We use cant when something is improbable and
pickpocketing
uncertain.
robbery
You cant be tired you went to bed at 8pm! theft
vandalism
The third conditional Criminals
We use the third conditional to talk about
imaginary situations in the past and their kidnapper
possible consequences. murderer
If I had known your phone number, I would pickpocket
have phoned you. robber
thief
We use If + subject + past perfect for the
vandal
situation and then subject + would have + past
participle for the consequence.

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SITUATION CONSEQUENCE
If he had studied medicine, he would have
become a doctor.
If the situation comes first, we use a comma.
If we had gone to Athens, we would have seen
the Parthenon.
If the consequence comes first, we dont use
acomma.
We would have seen the Parthenon if we had
gone to Athens.
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Vocabulary 1
Sporting verbs
break a record coach draw get a medal hold (an event) lose score a goal set a record
support a team take up televise win

1 Complete the sporting verbs with vowels. 3 Circle the correct answer for each definition.
c o a ch help someone practise a sport before an
1 dr w event
2 w n take up / coach
3 l s 1 both teams have the same result, eg 22
4 t k p draw / win
5 t l v s 2 start doing a new sport
score / take up
2 Order the letters to complete the sporting 3 organize a competition
verbs. Then match them with the pictures support a team / hold an event
afbelow. 4 show something on television
1 (abekr) break a record c televise an event / hold an event
2 (ceros) s a goal 5 like a particular group of players
3 (pprosut) s a team score a goal / support a team
4 (etg) g a medal
4 Read the sports report and circle the
5 (dlho) h an event
correctwords.
6 (tes) s a record
a b News from the world
ChAmpioNships!
The last World Championships were
(1) held in Athens. This year they are in
Paris. Channel 7 are (2) the
event so you can watch all the races at home.
Young athlete Pete Drummond set a new
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world (3) in the 400m when


c d he (4) the race. Phil Spencer
has been (5) him for this event
for the last two years. Pete (6)
athletics when he was 12. He got his first
gold (7) at the age of 14.
1 set held broken
2 holding supporting televising
e f 3 medal event record
4 won lost drew
5 scoring coaching taking up
6 took up supported drew
7 team medal event

EXTRA!
Do you support any sports teams?

What sports do you play?

Do you often win?


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Grammar 1 The passive: future with will


The passive affirmative negative
The passive: present simple Ill be helped I wont be helped
Youll be helped You wont be helped
affirmative negative He / She / Itll be helped He / She / It wont be helped
Im given Im not given We / You / Theyll be We / You / They wont be
Youre given You arent given helped helped
He / She / Its given He / She / It isnt given
We / You / Theyre given We / You / They arent given 3 Complete the sentences with the future with
will passive form of the verbs in brackets.
1 Complete the sentences with the present
The match will be held (held) on Saturday.
simple passive.
1 You (give) your books
Our street is cleaned every morning. tomorrow.
1 The Olympics held every four 2 He (not tell) his result until
years. next week.
2 Solar panels installed in all 3 The match (win) by Nadal.
new houses. 4 The first goal (not score) by
3 I (not) invited to Harrys party. Cesc.
4 Oranges (not) grown in 5 That crime (solve) soon.
London.
5 This cheese made from sheeps The passive: future with be going to
milk. affirmative negative
The passive: past simple Im going to be phoned Im not going to be phoned
Youre going to be You arent going to be
affirmative negative phoned phoned
I was told I wasnt told He / She / Its going to be He / She / It isnt going to
You were told You werent told phoned be phoned
He / She / It was told He / She / It wasnt told We / You / Theyre going We / You / They arent
We / You / They were We / You / They werent to be phoned going to be phoned
told told
4 Order the words to make sentences.
2 Circle the correct words.

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built / going to / A park / near / here / be / is .
Our house was built / were built in 2005. A park is going to be built near here.
1 My mums purse was stolen / were stolen 1 Our exams / by university teachers / marked /
last night. be / going to / are .
2 My brother wasnt paid / werent paid Our exams
yesterday. 2 going to / recycled / That old paper / be / is .
3 We was given / were given a free ticket for That old paper
the disco. 3 not / I / going to / interviewed / for the job /
4 The first prize was win / was won by Phil am / be .
James. I am
5 His biography didnt be written / wasnt 4 chosen / later today / Winners / be / are /
written by his wife. going to .
Winners
5 be / The match / going to / televised / is .
The match
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Vocabulary 2
Confusing verbs
beat win hope expect play practise remember remind spend waste teach train

1 Find twelve verbs in the wordsquare.

D X D P C N I A R T
Y N N R E G P J I G
R W I A T C E P X E
E 2 before 3 to
N M C S W I N H V
an important match take a sandwich
B C E T A E B C U Z a teach a remind
M b train b remember
J R I W Q A Z W K
E O U S T E C S S P
M K F E T V P K A L
E S P E N D J O X A
R T V B N I N M H Y
4 to win 5 time
2 Complete the list of verbs that are easily a hope a spend
b expect b waste
confused.
beat / win 4 Complete the sentences with the correct
1 h / expect verbs.
2 spend / w
remind / remember
3 rem / remind
I always remind my brother to take
4 teach / tr hiskeys.
5 p / practise 1 beat / win
The Spanish basketball team
3 Look at the pictures and circle the correct
Greece 7269 last night.
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verbs. 2 spend / waste


Im going to my money on a
new computer game at the weekend.
3 teach / train
When Im older, I want to
English in a secondary school.
4 hope / expect
football 1 a race I my dad will cook dinner
after school a win tonight because Mum is going out.
a play b beat 5 play / practise
b practise My team needs to our penalty
shots. Were not very good at them.

EXTRA!
Write true sentences for you. Use win,
remember, practise and train.
I hardly ever win races. I cant run very fast.
1
2
3
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Grammar 2 3 Order the words to make questions. Then


complete the short answers.
Passive questions
We are the Champions / Was / sung / by
present simple passive questions Freddie Mercury ?
question short answer Was We are the Champions sung
by Freddie Mercury? Yes, it was .
Am I invited? Yes, I am.
1 Don Quixote / written / Was / by Cervantes ?
No, Im not.
Don Quixote by
Are you invited? Yes, you are.
Cervantes? Yes, it .
No, you arent.
2 by Steven Spielberg / the Harry Potter films/
Is he / she / it invited? Yes, he / she / it is.
Were / directed ?
No, he / she / it isnt.
the Harry Potter films
Are we / you / they invited? Yes, we / you / they are.
No, we / you / they arent. by Steven Spielberg? No, they
.
3 Was / invented / modern pizza / in Italy ?
1 Match the question beginnings and ends.
modern pizza in
1 How often are the Italy? Yes, it .
Olympics a called? 4 the 100m world record / Was / by Rafa
2 Where are bananas b spoken? Nadal / set ?
3 What is Mars also c produced? the 100m world record
4 Where is French d held? by Rafa Nadal? No, it
5 When is Boxing Day e grown? .
6 Where are Nokia f celebrated? 5 rocks / found / Were / on the moon?
mobile phones rocks on the
moon? Yes, they .
2 Now complete the answers to the questions
in exercise 1 in the present simple passive. future passive questions

1 The Olympics are held every four years. question short answer
2 Bananas in Latin America. Will I be sent a Yes, I will.
3 Mars the red planet. message? No, I wont.
4 French in France, Canada and Will you be sent a Yes, you will.
many other countries. message? No, you wont.

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5 Boxing Day on 26th December. Will he / she / it be Yes, he / she / it will.
6 Nokia mobile phones in sent a message? No, he / she / it wont.
Finland. Will we / you / they Yes, we / you / they will.
be sent a message? No, we / you / they wont.
past simple passive questions
question short answer 4 Complete the questions with the future
passive form of the verbs in brackets. Then
Was I given a prize? Yes, I was.
No, I wasnt. write the short answers.
Were you given a prize? Yes, you were. Will you be questioned (question)
No, you werent. by the police? No, I wont .
Was he / she / it given Yes, he / she / it was. 1 the concert
aprize? No, he / she / it wasnt. (hold) today? Yes, .
Were we / you / they Yes, we / you / they were. 2 your dad (give)
given a prize? No, we / you / they werent. apromotion? Yes, .
3 your friends (tell)
the news? No, .
4 we (take) to the
match? Yes, .
5 I (pay) for the
work? No, .
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Reading Writing
A biography
3 Choose a famous young sportsperson and
1 Read the biography about Tom Daley. Then answer the questions. You can check your
put questions ae in the correct place in the answers on the internet if you want.
text.
1 Who is the young sportsperson?
a When did Tom first become famous?

b And what does Tom like doing in his free
time? 2 What is his/her sport?
c And whats Toms ambition?
d Can you name Britains young diving star? 3 Where is he/she from?
e So who is it?
4 How old is he/she?

(1) Can you name Britains young diving star? 5 At what age did he/she start doing this
He was born in 1994 but hes already famous. sport?
(2)
Its Tom Daley. He started diving at the age of seven 6 When did he/she first become famous?
and took part in the Beijing Olympics in 2008 when

he was only 14.
7 What did he/she win then?
(3)

Well, in 2004 he was the youngest winner of the
National Mens Platform diving competition. Thats
8 What really got him/her noticed?
what started him on the road to fame. After the
Olympics in 2008 he became the World Champion in 9 When did he/she first represent his/her
the 10 metre Individual Platform diving event in 2009 country?
Britains youngest
ever world champion 10 Where was it?
in an Olympic sport.

(4) 11 What does he/she like doing in his/her
He doesnt have freetime?
much free time he

trains for 20 hours
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every week. But he 12 What is his/her ambition?


loves ice cream and
going to parties with
his friends. 4 Now use your answers in exercise 3 in the
(5) same order to complete this biography.
Its to win Olympic
gold! (1) is a young (2)
from (3) . Hes/Shes only
(4) but hes/shes famous.
2 Read the text again and put the events in the He/She started doing this sport at the age of
(5) .
correct order.
When did he/she first become famous? Well,
a He won a 10m senior diving when he/she was (6) he/she won
competition. (7) . Thats what started him/her
b Tom hopes hell win a gold medal at the on the road to fame. But what really got him/her
Olympics. noticed was when he/she (8) . But
c Tom took up diving. 1 the fame didnt stop there. In (9)
d Tom was in the British diving team at the he/she represented his/her country at
2008 Olympics. (10) .
e He won his first important diving event. What does he/she like doing in his/her free time?
He/She loves (11) . And whats his/
her ambition? Its to (12) .
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Language reference The passive: questions


We can form questions in the passive by using
The passive the present:
We use the passive when we are interested in the
Are oranges grown in your country?
recipient of an action, not the person or thing
who does it. the past:
ACTIVE: A young boy stole my purse. When were the Olympics last held in Spain?
(wereinterested in the young boy) the future:
PASSIVE: My purse was stolen by a young boy. Will you be given a dictionary?
(were interested in the purse)
We also use the passive when we dont know Wordlist
who is doing the action.
ACTIVE: Someone broke the chair. Sporting verbs
(but I dont know who broke the chair) break a record
PASSIVE: The chair was broken. coach
We use the passive to describe a process. draw
First an event is held. Then a race is won and get a medal
medals are given to the winners. hold (an event)
lose
We use the passive more in writing than in
score a goal
speaking, e.g. a news report.
set a record
Money was stolen from several shops last support a team
night. Suspects were arrested and televise
take up
The passive: present simple win
We form the present simple passive with Confusing verbs
thepresent tense of be + past participle of
theverb. beat win
World records are broken every year. hope expect
play practise
remember remind
The passive: past simple spend waste
We form the past simple passive with the past of teach train
be + the past participle of the verb.

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The race was won by my brother.

The future passive: will


We form the future passive with will by using will
+ the past participle of the verb.
You will be sent a text message.

The future passive: be


going to
We form the future passive with be going to by
using the present tense of be going to + the past
participle of the verb.
We are going to be given an invitation to the
party.
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Vocabulary 1
Developing products
analyze the results design a prototype develop a concept develop the product
do market research give a demonstration improve the design invent (characters)
produce (the product / the game) research an idea solve any problems test out the product

1 Match 16 with af.


1 solve a the product
2 analyze b the design
3 develop c the results
4 improve d any problems
5 give e the product / the game
6 produce f a demonstration
3 On Fridays, our experts research ideas / give
2 Complete the phrases with the words in the a demonstration.
box.

analyze design develop do invent


research
invent characters
1 an idea
2 market research
3 a prototype
4 the results 4 And finally we do market research / solve
5 a concept any problems.

3 Look at the pictures and circle the correct 4 What are the sentences about? Match 16
words. with the words in the box.
design a prototype do market research
improve the design invent characters
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solve any problems test out a product

1 This game isnt very exciting. We need to


make it faster. improve the design
2 This game stops after three minutes. We
need to fix that.
3 The graphic designer has produced a new
1 Here our scientist is analyzing the results /
hero.
giving a demonstration.
4 Lets ask some teenagers for their opinion
on computer games.
5 Could you play this new game and tell me
what you think?
6 This is our first model of the car.

EXTRA!
If you worked in a computer games factory,
2 We always test out the products / invent which jobs would you like / not like to do?
the drink first. Id like to invent characters because I like
drawing.
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Grammar 1 2 Read the telephone message in direct speech.


Then circle the correct answers to complete
Reported speech
the email in reported speech.
direct speech reported speech John, this is Martha. Im not going to meet
present simple past simple you later. My cousin has just arrived and were
eating lunch now. Thats my cousin who lives
I live in Manchester. She said that she lived
in Canada with my aunt. Last night I saw the
in Manchester.
new Brad Pitt film. He can act really well, you
present continuous past continuous know. Anyway, I must go. Ill phone you soon.
He isnt working in He said that he wasnt And please tell the others.
London. working in London.
past simple past perfect
They won the match. She said theyd won
Hi guys. Martha has just left a message. She said
the match.
she (1) isnt / wasnt going to meet us later.
present perfect past perfect Her cousin (2) has / had just arrived and they
Weve known each They said theyd (3) were eating / ate lunch. She said that her
other for three years. known each other for cousin (4) had lived / lived in Canada with her
three years. aunt. She also said that she (5) have seen / had
seen the new Brad Pitt film the night before and
future: will would that (6) he can / could act really well. Then she
Youll be rich and I said youd be rich and said she (7) must / had to go and that she (8) is
famous. famous. phoning / would phone me soon.
future: am / are / is was / were going
going to to
Shes going to have a I said she was going to Remember!
party. have a party. Some pronouns and possessive adjectives
can could change in reported speech.
I want you to sing at my party
I can swim but I cant You said you could
dive. swim but you couldnt
dive. He said that he wanted me to sing at his party.
must / have to had to
You must do your She said I had to do my 3 Choose the correct words to complete the

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homework. homework. sentences.
I have to tidy my I said I had to tidy my This is my book. She said that was her /
room. room. his book.
1 My names Bob. He said my / his name
1 Match the direct speech, 18, with the
was Bob.
reported speech, ah.
2 I went to your You said you had
1 He works in a They said they party. been to my / your
Paris. wouldnt be late. party.
2 Im going b I said she was 3 Weve found They said they had
to sleep. having a shower. our dog. found our / their dog.
3 We wont c I said he worked in 4 Ill help you. She said she / I would
be late. Paris. help me.
4 She can sing d He said they had 5 Weve just She said she / they
well. to be careful. phoned you. had just phoned you.
5 I went to the e I said he hadnt
cinema. finished yet.
6 They must be f I said I had gone
careful. to the cinema.
7 You havent g I said I was going
finished yet. to sleep.
8 Shes having a h I said she could
shower. sing well.
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Vocabulary 2
Reporting verbs 3 Match the reporting verbs, 16, with the
definitions, af.
admit agree announce complain
explain invite offer promise refuse 1 promise a say something
suggest tell warn 2 offer b say you have done
something wrong
3 explain c express a possible plan
1 Complete the reporting verbs with vowels.
4 suggest d tell someone you can do
c o
mpl a i n something for them
1 w rn 5 tell e say you will do something
2 dm t 6 admit f give a reason for
3 nn nc something
4 r f s
5 s gg st 4 Circle the correct words.
6 pr m s Dont touch that! Its dangerous.
7 gr warn / tell
8 t ll 1 Would you like to come to my party?
suggest / invite
2 Match the words in the box with the pictures. 2 Listen! Were getting married.
announce / refuse
agree announce complain invite
refuse warn 3 Why dont we have Chinese food tonight?
suggest / promise
4 OK. It was me. I finished the chocolate cake.
agree / admit
5 We were late because we missed the bus.
complain / explain

time expressions in reported speech


today that day
tomorrow the day after / the following day
yesterday the day before / the previous day
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a agree b next week the week after / the following week


last week the week before / the previous week
ten years ago ten years before
this year that year

5 Complete the reported speech sentences.

that day that weekend the day after


the day before the week after

I went to the cinema yesterday.


c d He said he had gone to the cinema
the day before .
1 Were going to the beach tomorrow.
They said they were going to the beach
.
2 Hes not at school today.
I said he wasnt at school .
3 Im going to visit Rome this weekend.
I said I was going to visit Rome
.
e f 4 Theyll come next week.
He said they would come .
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Grammar 2 2 Complete the reported questions with the


words in the box.
Reported questions
he had lost he was saying she had had
direct question reported question she would try on they could sleep
present simple past simple we were going to read
What time do you He asked me what What is he saying?
start school? time I started school. He asked me what he was saying .
present continuous past continuous 1 Where can they sleep?
What are you He asked us what we She asked me where .
watching? were watching. 2 When did he lose his job?
past simple past perfect I asked her when
What did you eat? She asked him what hisjob.
he had eaten. 3 What are you going to read?
present perfect past perfect He asked us what .
4 Where will you try on that dress?
How long have you I asked her how long
lived here? she had lived here. I asked her where
thatdress.
future: will would
5 How long have you had that cat?
What will they do? He asked them what He asked her how long
they would do. that cat.
future: am / are / is was / were going
going to to 3 Order the words to make reported questions.
When are they going I asked them when
Did he become rich?
to arrive? they were going to
arrive. if / rich / had / I asked them / he / become
I asked them if he had become rich.
can could
1 Do you write best-sellers?
Where can I sit? She asked me where if / I asked her / best-sellers / she / wrote
she could sit.
I asked her if
must / have to had to best-sellers.
What must I wear? I asked you what I had 2 Have you been to New York?
to wear. They asked us / New York / been / if / we /

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What do we have to We asked her what we to / had
write? had to write. They asked us if to New
York.
1 Match the direct questions, 17, with the
3 Are they going to win the match?
indirect questions, ag. the match / going to / win / He asked me /
1 What is a He asked me when they / if / were
he doing? they were going to He asked me if the
2 What must be quiet. match.
I say? b He asked me where 4 Can you run faster than your brother?
3 When are they would be. his brother / run / if / he / could / She asked
they going to c We asked you where him / faster than
be quiet? they had gone. She asked him if faster
4 Where did d I asked her when I than his brother.
they go? could phone. 5 Do we have to copy the sentences?
5 When does e I asked you what he copy / We asked her / the sentences / we /
he write emails? was doing. if/ had to
6 When can f I asked her when We asked her if the
I phone? he wrote emails. sentences.
7 Where will g You asked me what
they be? you had to say.
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Reading Writing
A for and against essay
4 Complete the notes with headings ad.
1 What are the advantages and disadvantages a Negative aspects
of mp3 players? Read the sentences and b Conclusion
write A (advantage) or D (disadvantage). c Introduction
1 Listeners dont notice things d Positive aspects
around them. D 1 Introduction
2 If you cant hear the traffic, A mazon.com sells more e-books than
its dangerous. paper books.
3 The sound quality is very good. 2
4 You can store a lot of music a you can store 3,500 books on an e-reader
on an mp3 player. carry a library in your bag
5 The volume is often very high. b you can download over 2 million books for
6 You can listen to music anywhere. free
c good for environment do not use ink
2 Read this essay and check your answers. or paper
3
a you lose the feel and smell of real paper
More than 50 percent of teenagers lien to music on b easy to download books illegally
mp3 players every day. How is this popular technology c bad for the eyes
affecting young people? 4
On the one hand, mp3 players have a lot of positive they have more advantages than
aspects. The first advantage is that you can lien disadvantages
to your favourite music everywhere. Secondly, you
can have a lot of music on your mp3 player so you 5 Now use the notes in exercise 4 to complete
can always find something new. Thirdly, the sound the for and against essay.
quality is very good.
On the other hand, there are some negative aspects. Amazon.com, an online bookshop, now
Firstly, people often play their music loudly. This can (1) sells more e-books than paper books .
diurb people near them. Another negative aspect What are the advantages and disadvantages
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is that a lot of people lien to them when they are of e-books?


travelling so they do not hear the traffic. This is very On the one hand, e-books have a lot of positive
dangerous. Lastly, mp3 lieners are in their own aspects. The first advantage is that you (2)
private world of music and they dont observe the because you can store
world around them. (3) on some e-readers.
In conclusion, I admit mp3 players have some Secondly, you can download
(4) so you will always
negative aspects. However, in my opinion they have
find something new to read. Thirdly, e-books
more advantages than disadvantages. are environmentally friendly because they
(5) .
3 Answer the questions.
On the other hand, there are some negative
How many teenagers listen to music on aspects. Firstly, you (6) .
mp3 players? more than 50 percent Another negative aspect is that it is very easy
1 How much music can you put (7) . This means that
on an mp3 player? writers will not earn money from their books.
2 What is the sound quality Lastly, experts say that e-readers are
like? (8) .
3 Why is playing music loudly In conclusion, I admit that e-books have some
a disadvantage?
negative aspects. However, in my opinion they
4 What is the writers have (9) .
opinion?
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Language reference Wordlist


Reported speech Developing products
We use reported speech to report what someone
analyze the results
has said.
design a prototype
I live in Paris. develop a concept
She said she lived in Paris. develop the product
The tense changes when we use reported speech. do market research
I have eaten breakfast. give a demonstration
He said he had eaten breakfast. improve the design
invent (characters)
When we use direct speech, we write the exact
produce (the product / the game)
words the person said inside quotation marks.
research an idea
I watch films on TV. he said. solve any problems
When we use reported speech we do not use test out the product
quotation marks.
Reporting verbs
He said he watched films on TV.
admit
Other changes in reported agree
announce
speech complain
Some personal pronouns (I, you, etc), possessive explain
adjectives (my, your, etc), demonstrative invite
adjectives (this, that, etc) and time expressions offer
(today, yesterday, etc) change in reported promise
speech. refuse
Im leaving today. suggest
She said she was leaving that day. tell
warn
Reported questions with
question words
When we report questions with a question word,
we use question word + subject + verb.

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Where do you live?
He asked me where I lived.
We change the tenses in the same way as in
reported speech.
What did you eat yesterday?
He asked me what I had eaten the day before.

Reported questions without


question words
When we report questions without a question
word, we use if + subject + verb.
Do you live in London?
He asked me if I lived in London.
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Vocabulary 1
The written word
advert article blog cartoon dictionary entry instruction manual label poem quote
receipt recipe review travel guide tweet

1 Find and circle eight types of written word in 3 Circle the correct words.
the word snake. a piece of writing with short lines, often
ve r t r e
vel
guideb ad cip with words that rhyme
ra
cle

a poem b tweet
lo

e
t

arti
gre

1 cooking instructions
ew
em

a receipt b recipe
vi

tweet po
2 a story told in pictures
a quote b cartoon
2 Complete the types of written word with 3 a text which gives an opinion about a book,
vowels. Then match the words with the film etc
pictures. a advert b review
4 a small piece of paper with information,
1 q u o t e f
e.g. on a bottle
2 l
b l
a blog b label
3 dct n ry ntry
5 a piece of writing in a magazine or
4 c
rt n newspaper
5 nstr ct n a travel guide b article
m n l
6 r c pt 4 What are they talking about? Circle the
a b correct words.
It says we should visit the museum.
travel guide / receipt
1 Who says To be or not to be, that is the
question?
quote / poem
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2 I found the meaning of the word


thesaurus.
dictionary entry / recipe
c d 3 John has done a great piece of writing for
the school magazine.
article / label
4 She writes something new on her web page
every day.
blog / tweet
5 It says we need six eggs and some cheese.
recipe / receipt

e f EXTRA!
Do you ever read the instruction manual for a
new camera, mobile phone etc?

What is your favourite poem?

How often do you read the film review before


going to the cinema?
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Grammar 1 3 Match the sentence beginnings and ends.

Tense review 1 When he retires a I think well all


2 After school drive electric cars.
present simple today b so Im going to
3 In the year 2030 take up aerobics.
I use a computer every day.
4 Our team isnt c were going to look
present continuous playing well for new clothes.
Hes playing a computer game at the moment. 5 Jack doesnt d so Ill explain.
understand e hell get a pension.
1 Complete the sentences with the present 6 I dont do f were going to
any sport lose.
simple or present continuous.
He often reads (read) a book before time expressions with the past, present
he goes to sleep. and future
1 My friends (lose) the match at past present future
the moment.
yesterday at the tonight
2 I (not have) lunch at school
before moment tomorrow
every day.
last night / now this weekend /
3 My grandma (not use) recipes weekend / year since month / year
when she cooks. three hours / just next week /
4 She (not feel) well today. days / weeks ago month / year
5 My dad always (complain) if
he doesnt like the food in a restaurant. 4 Complete the table with the words in the box.
past simple at the moment last month next weekend
We finished lunch at 3pm. right now ten minutes ago this week
tomorrow tonight yesterday
past continuous
My grandma was sleeping at that time. past present future

2 Choose the correct words. (1) at the moment (6)

Weve got solar panels. My uncle (2) (4) (7)

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installed them six months ago.
a installed b was installing (3) (5) (8)
1 I these trainers before I
bought them and now theyre too tight. 5 Circle the correct words.
a didnt try b wasnt trying
2 When I woke up, it a lot.
a rained b was raining Hi guys,
3 He was reading the newspaper when he At the moment, we lie / re lying on a beautiful
the job advert. beach in Greece. We (1) have just arrived
a found b was finding / are just arriving at the hotel after a long
4 He went for an interview but he journey. While we (2) were driving / drove to
the job. Manchester airport, our car (3) was stopping
a didnt get b wasnt getting / stopped. My dad (4) had forgotten / have
forgotten to buy petrol. We nearly (5) have
5 While they , Mandys purse was
missed / missed the plane.
stolen.
a shopped b were shopping Anyway, tonight we (6) re going to dance /
dance at the disco next to the hotel.
future with will I (7) ll write / write more tomorrow.
Ill live in London when Im older. Sally

future with be going to


Were going to watch a film tonight.
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Vocabulary 2
Adjectives with -able and -ible
acceptable bearable flexible inflexible invisible irresponsible reasonable reliable
responsible unacceptable unbearable unreasonable unreliable visible

1 Complete the adjectives with -able or -ible. 4 Complete the descriptions.


1 responsible flexible invisible responsible
2 vis unacceptable unbearable unreliable
3 unbear
Something is invisible if you cant
4 accept seeit.
5 inflex 1 A person who forgets about arrangements
6 reason is .
7 unreli 2 Working conditions which are not legal
are .
2 Match the adjectives in exercise 1 with their 3 If the weather is very hot and humid,
opposites, ag. it is .
a irresponsible 1 4 Somebody who always does the right
b invisible thing is .
c unacceptable 5 Somebody who can change their ideas
easily is .
d reliable
e unreasonable
5 Circle the correct words.
f bearable
g flexible My brother is happy wherever he goes.
He can eat rice in China or pasta in Italy.
3 Look at the pictures and circle the correct dependable / flexible
words. 1 On a clear day you can see Africa from
here.
bearable / visible
2 Thats too much. I cant study for my exams
and write three essays tonight.
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irresponsible / unacceptable
3 I cant stand that actor. He makes stupid
jokes which arent funny.
unreliable / unbearable
4 When she feels ill, she never goes out and
a bearable 1 a responsible she goes to bed early.
b unbearable b irresponsible responsible / acceptable

EXTRA!
Use the words on this page to describe three
people you know. Remember to give reasons.
My older sier is responsible. She looked
after me when I was young and she
often cooks the dinner.
1
2 a visible 3 a reliable

b invisible b unreliable
2

3

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Grammar 2 3 Circle the correct words.

Tense review: question forms Have / Did you see the job advert
yesterday?
present simple 1 When will / are the police solve the crime?
How often do you send text messages? 2 Is / Will your granddad going to retire
soon?
present continuous 3 Have / Were you made any friends at your
What is he listening to now? new school?
4 When you got home, had / has your brother
past simple been into your room?
What did they say? 5 Are / Do you often read travel guides?
6 Why is / do your sister crying?
past continuous
7 What were / did they talking about when
What were you doing when I phoned? we saw them?
present perfect
4 Circle the correct answers to complete the
How long have you lived here? conversation.
past perfect Simon: Hi Paula. How today?
Where had you been when I saw you? Paula: Im feeling much better thanks.
(1) basketball yesterday?
future with will Simon: No, we didnt. We played football.
Where will you study? What (2) when I phoned
you?
future with be going to Paula: I was sleeping.
When are they going to announce the winner? Simon: What (3) today after
school?
1 What tense are the questions? Paula: Im going to look for a present for my
sister.
a future with be going to b future with will Simon: Again? How often (4)
c past continuous d past perfect her a present?
e past simple f present continuous Paula: Its her birthday and I usually buy her
g present perfect h present simple a present. (5) a present

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h for Jane yet?
Do you worry about exams?
Simon: No, I havent. Why?
1 Was he giving a demonstration?
Paula: Its her birthday too.
2 How long have they been here?
3 Why did you complain? a are you feeling b did you feel
4 Had you left your keys at home? 1 a Are you playing b Did you play
5 What will he do next? 2 a were you doing b will you do
6 Are you inviting me? 3 a do you do b are you going to do
7 Is she going to wear her new dress? 4 a do you buy b had you bought
5 a Did you buy b Have you bought
2 Order the words to make questions.
you / just / Have / woken up EXTRA!
Have you just woken up?
1 after class / you / do / going to / What / are Write answers to the questions in exercise 2 for
What after class? you.
2 on TV last night / watch / did / What / you Have you just woken up?
What on TV last night? No, I havent. I woke up three hours ago.
3 finished / when the teacher came in / you / 1
your homework / Had 2
Had when the teacher 3
came in? 4
4 yesterday / What / wearing / were / you
E

yesterday?
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Reading Writing
A blog post
4 Read the notes. What is the writers opinion?
1 Read the blog post. Do you agree with the Do you agree?
writers opinion?
Social networking sites are a waste
of time. What is your opinion?
How long have social networking
The internet has improved our lives sites existed?
tremendously. What is your opinion? several years
1 We have had the internet for about 15 years What are the positive aspects of social
now. The internet has definitely changed networking sites?
our lives, but has it improved them? keep in touch with friends
2 The internet has made life easier in a helpful for organizing events
number of ways. Firstly, the internet has easier to share information
improved communication enormously.
Secondly, it has made research and study What are the negative aspects of social
networking sites?
much easier. Thirdly, it has given us easy
access to entertainment. For example, it is reduced our physical contact with
possible to download songs and films. people
you dont always know who you are
3 However, there are negative aspects to the really talking to
internet. Firstly, the internet has reduced young people spend hours and they
our physical contact with people. Instead waste their time on them
of going out, we can shop online and meet
friends online. Secondly, it is difficult to What is your opinion?
control childrens use of the internet so they Couldnt live without them. Not
might log on to adult sites. Lastly, computer a waste of time if you use them
viruses are transmitted through the internet. correctly.
4 To conclude, I couldnt live without the
internet. I use it every day for fun and 5 Now complete the blog post using the notes.
for study. In my opinion, the internet has
improved our lives tremendously.
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Social networking sites are a waste


2 How has the writer organized the post? of time. What is your opinion?
Number the paragraphs in order. We have had social networking sites for
(1) several years now. Social networking has
a Positive aspects definitely changed our lives but has it improved
b Conclusion and opinion our lives?
c Introduction 1 Social networking has made life easier in a number
of ways. Firstly, it is very easy to (2) ,
d Negative aspects
especially with friends who live abroad. Secondly, it
has made (3) such as birthday
3 Does the writer answer these questions? Read parties much easier. Thirdly, it has given us a way
the text again and circle Y (yes) or N (no). to (4) . For example, it is possible to
upload photos and videos.
When did the internet begin? Y/N
However, there are negative aspects to social
1 How has the internet improved networking. Firstly, social networking has
our lives? Y/N (5) . Instead of going out, we can
2 How has the internet helped students? Y / N chat with friends online. Secondly, it is difficult to
know who (6) . Lastly, many
3 How does the internet help (7) on social networking sites when
musicians write songs? Y/N they could be doing other things.
4 Why do we spend less time going out? Y / N To conclude, I (8) social networking
5 How often do children visit sites. I use them every day to chat and make plans
websites for adults? Y/N with my friends. In my opinion social networking
6 What is the writers opinion? Y/N sites are not a waste of time if (9) .
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Language reference Time expressions


We often use expressions like yesterday, last
Tense review night and four hours ago with the past.
Present tenses I went to the beach yesterday.
We use the present simple to talk about habits We often use expressions like at the moment,
and routines. now and since with the present.
My dad never has breakfast. Theyre arguing at the moment.
I get up at 7am every day. We often use expressions like tonight, tomorrow
We use the present continuous to talk about and this month with the future.
actions and events which are happening now. Im going to play cards with my friends
Its raining at the moment. tonight.
Sara isnt winning the race.
Wordlist
Past tenses
We use the past simple to talk about completed The written word
actions and events in the past. advert
I bought my bike in January. article
We didnt go on holiday last year. blog
We use the past continuous to talk about actions cartoon
and events which were happening in the past at dictionary entry
a particular point in time. instruction manual
label
When I got to the party, Jane was dancing
poem
with Ben.
quote
Last night at 8pm we werent watching TV.
receipt
recipe
Perfect tenses review
We use the present perfect for actions and events travel guide
in the past when we dont mention (or we dont tweet
know) the exact time. Adjectives with -able and -ible
I have recycled the packaging.
They havent thrown away their old clothes. acceptable
unacceptable

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We use the past perfect for actions and events in bearable
the past which happened before another action unbearable
in the past. flexible
When I got to the station, the train hadleft. inflexible
By the time she was three, she had learnt reasonable
toread. unreasonable
reliable
Future tense unreliable
responsible
We use the future with will to make predictions
irresponsible
about the future.
visible
In 2050, well live on the moon. invisible
When Im older I wont drive a big car.
We use the future with be going to for future
plans and intentions.
Im going to study more this year.
He isnt going to phone me.
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Keykey
competences worksheets

Unit 1 4 1 I used to argue with my Reading and writing


Vocabulary 1 sister.
1 Students should tick 2 and 3
2 I didnt use to get into
1 1 change school
trouble at school. 2 1 a 2 b 3 b 4 a
2 win an award
3 My cousin used to dream
3 go abroad 4 2 seeing all my friends
about elephants.
4 have an accident 3 last week
4 We didnt use to worry
5 move house 4 Tenerife
about our exams.
5 my mum, my aunt and my
2 drop out of university, go for 5 My grandparents used to
cousin Kylie
a job interview, become rich, listen to the radio every
6 went to the beach
get into trouble, make new day.
7 fantastic
friends
Vocabulary 2 8 dancing
3 2 b 3 f 4 e 5 h 6 g 9 two boys from Madrid
1 1 on
7 c 8 a 10 London at Christmas
2 for
4 a become rich 3 to
Unit 2
b make new friends 4 about
Vocabulary 1
c move house 5 about
d get into trouble 6 in 1 2 f 3 h 4 b 5 a 6 g
e start your own business 7 d 8 e
2 1 for
f change school 2 1 biography
2 to
g take a gap year 2 thriller
3 to
h go abroad 3 short story
4 about
5 1 retire 5 about 4 autobiography
2 take a gap year 5 non-fiction
3 2 e 3 f 4 a 5 c 6 d
3 move house 3 1 non-fiction
4 have an accident 4 1 a 2 b 3 b 4 a 5 a
2 biography
5 become rich 6 b
3 comic
Grammar 1 EXTRA! 4 science fiction
Students own answers. 5 thriller
1 1 runs
2 do Grammar 2 4 1 autobiography
3 agrees 2 fantasy
4 doesnt 1 1 O 2 O 3 S 4 S 5 O 3 short story
5 does 6 O 7 S 4 play
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6 dont 2 1 S 2 S 3 O 4 O 5 S 5 crime
2 1 retired 6 S EXTRA!
2 didnt watch 3 1 Who started her own Students own answers.
3 wasnt business in 2007? (S)
4 argued Grammar 1
2 What did you do in maths
5 were yesterday? (O) 1 1 was
6 didnt start 3 Who waits for you every 2 were
3 1 What did you dream morning? (S) 3 werent
about last night? 4 What do you talk about at 4 wasnt
2 When did he drop out of school? (O) 5 were
university? 5 Who changed school last 6 wasnt
3 Where were you at year? (S)
2 1 They werent having
7oclock? 4 1 did you dream about dinner in the kitchen.
4 How did your uncle 2 do you talk to 2 I wasnt arguing with my
become rich? 3 happened best friend.
5 Did your sister take a gap 4 do you worry about 3 Tom was doing his
year? 5 argues homework after dinner.
4 You were sleeping when I
EXTRA!
got home.
Students own answers. 5 She wasnt having a good
time at the party.
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Key competences worksheets

3 1 when 3 2 a 3 d 4 e 5 b 4 How long has your family


2 while lived here?
4 1 had broken
3 when 5 How long have you
2 had read
4 while studied English?
3 had begun
5 when
4 had finished 3 1 since
4 1 was doing 5 had already changed 2 for
2 saw 3 for
EXTRA!
3 was talking 4 since
4 fell Students own answers. 5 since
5 met Reading and writing 4 1 became
5 1 Did you have 1 1 C 2 A 3 B 2 have you played
2 Were you listening 3 havent eaten
3 Did the phone ring 2 1 T 2 T 3 F 4 T 5 F 4 did you change
4 Were you living 6 T 5 have argued
5 Did you move 4 2 Ian Fleming 5 1 have just had
EXTRA! 3 1953 2 have just finished
4 100 million copies 3 has just won
Students own answers.
worldwide 4 has just seen
Vocabulary 2 5 British government 5 have just broken
6 Le Chiffre
1 1 love Vocabulary 2
7 a beautiful woman
2 public
8 James Bond 1 underestimate, misplace,
3 text
9 thrillers overeat, replace, underuse,
4 book
5 computer recycle, misinform
Unit 3
6 school 2 1 undercook
Vocabulary 1
2 1 best-seller 2 overpopulate
1 2 c 3 f 4 e 5 d 6 b 3 recycle
2 postcard
3 social life 2 2 c 3 d 4 a 5 f 6 b 4 underpay
4 graphic novel 5 misunderstand
3 1 travel by public transport
3 1 a 2 b 3 b 4 a 5 b 2 installed solar panels 3 1 misunderstand
3 compost all our food 2 overpopulate
4 1 postcard 3 overcrowd
waste
2 bookshop 4 undercook
4 turn off the lights

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3 audiobook 5 underpay
4 social life 4 1 share car journeys 6 recycle
5 book deal 2 insulate windows
6 popular press 3 mend old clothes 4 2 d 3 b 4 c
7 secondary school 4 recycle packaging 5 1 misinform
5 save water 2 underuse
Grammar 2
EXTRA! 3 replay
1 1 Theyd sent a text 4 misplace
message. Students own answers.
5 underestimate
2 Wed argued about the Grammar 1
dinner. EXTRA!
3 You hadnt participated in 1 1 have played Students own answers.
the class. 2 have eaten
4 Hed taken a gap year. 3 hasnt ridden
5 I hadnt got into trouble. 4 havent talked
5 have recycled
2 1 had drunk 6 havent turned off
2 hadnt finished
3 hadnt read 2 1 How long have you
4 had played known Maria?
5 hadnt participated 2 How long has your
teacher worked at your
school?
3 How long have you been
at your school?
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Grammar 2 4 2 leave their cars at home EXTRA!


3 a lot of traffic jams Students own answers.
1 1 They have already
4 slow
installed solar panels. Vocabulary 2
5 children and young
2 My dad has already
people 1 1 throw away
mended my bike.
6 not connected 2 get into
3 We have already talked
7 two buses 3 give away
about the party.
8 leave their cars at home 4 try on
4 My grandma has already
misplaced her new glasses. 5 look for
Unit 4 6 pick up
5 I have already won three
Vocabulary 1 7 put on
awards for swimming.
1 Mystery phrasal verb:
2 1 hasnt made new friends wearout
yet. T T E Y X O W J D M N P
2 havent listened to the C C X R D C W A A X D C 2 1 put away
audiobook yet. C O N V E N T I O N A L 2 throws away
3 havent sent a postcard C P M V G Y E Q D S C J 3 get into
yet. 4 taking off
O Y D F Y P E R U U Z Z
4 hasnt ridden a bike yet. 5 giving away
L Y T R O P S A T A S H
5 havent got into trouble O Y Q K O R L G J N W P 3 1 c 2 e 3 f 4 a 5 d
yet. 6 b
U R P S H J T V K F C L
3 1 a 2 a 3 a 4 b 5 a R L A C I T C A R P M I 4 2 b 3 a 4 a 5 b 6 a
4 1 still F A S H I O N A B L E N
Grammar 2
2 already U G V U Z S G F V L C L
3 yet L U U D U Q T A H D E O 1 1 I wont wear old-
4 yet fashioned clothes when
2 1 b 2 f 3 d 4 a 5 c Im older.
5 already 6 e 2 Will he drop out of
5 1 Have they insulated the 3 1 old-fashioned university?
windows yet? 2 casual 3 In the future will we
Yes, they have already 3 conventional travel by electric cars?
insulated the windows. 4 colourful 4 My friends wont live here
2 Have we fed the dog yet? next year.
No, we havent fed the 4 1 impractical 5 My teacher wont work
dog yet. 2 fashionable here in 2020.
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3 Has your dad bought new 3 glamorous


shoes yet? 4 sporty 2 1 They arent going to
No, he hasnt bought new 5 tight install
shoes yet. 2 Im not going to argue
EXTRA! 3 Is he going to have
4 Have you tidied your
Students own answers. 4 My friends are going to
room yet?
Yes, I have already tidied Grammar 1 send
my room. 5 Im going to look for
1 1 time 6 Isnt he going to
EXTRA! 2 place participate
Students own answers. 3 people
4 things 3 1 Ill phone
Reading and writing 2 Im having
2 1 d 2 e 3 a 4 c 5 b 3 Shes going to
1 b
3 1 where 4 will live
2 1 T 2 T 3 F 4 T 5 F 2 who 5 Hes wearing
3 c 3 which
4 when
5 who
4 1 c 2 a 3 b 4 a 5 c
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Reading and writing 5 1 What will you do if it rains 3 1 looking


at the weekend? 2 to play
1 Leonie
2 What would you do if you 3 to buy
2 1 M 2 M 3 L 4 L 5 M saw your favourite film 4 to eat
star? 5 giving
3 1 Maxine loves jeans
3 What will you do if you
2 Leonie spends a lot of 4 1 getting
meet your friends on
time in shops 2 visiting
Saturday?
3 she often changes her 3 to have
4 What would your mum say
hairstyle 4 to buy
if you got into trouble at
5 writing
4 and 5 Students own answers. school?
5 What would you do if you EXTRA!
Unit 5 left your mobile phone at Students own answers.
Vocabulary 1 home?
Reading and writing
1 1 apprenticeship Vocabulary 2
2 bonus 1 1 F 2 F 3 T
1 1 claim expenses
3 pension 2 1 two weeks
2 get a job
4 contract 2 no
3 work part-time
5 promotion 3 in tents
4 earn a salary
6 pay rise 4 fun activities
5 get a pension
7 work experience
6 be unemployed 3 1 Education
8 allowance
2 1 fill in an application 2 Experience
2 1 f 2 d 3 a 4 b 5 c 3 Personal qualities
form(f)
6 e 4 References
2 sign a contract (d)
3 1 b 2 a 3 a 4 b 5 b 3 lose a job (e) 4 2 Veterinary Science
4 have a full-time job (a) 3 look after horses
4 1 job advertisement
5 apply for a job (c) 4 clean, prepare food and
2 allowance
3 pay rise 3 1 apply for a job help in the office
4 benefits 2 filled in the application 5 enthusiasm and energy
5 conditions form 6 Kate France, my tutor
6 application form 3 had an interview
4 got the job Unit 6
EXTRA! Vocabulary 1
5 signed a contract
Students own answers.

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6 is working part-time 1 1 arrest
Grammar 1 4 2 have a job interview (4) 2 look for
3 apply for a job (2) 3 go
1 1 ll find
4 get a job (5) 4 do
2 ll go
5 sign a contract (6) 5 commit
3 wont understand
6 work part-time (7) 6 be
4 ll worry
7 fill in an application form 7 pay
5 wont play
(3) 2 2 e 3 b 4 c 5 f 6 a
2 1 b 2 a 3 b 4 a 5 b
EXTRA! 3 1 Criminals
3 1 c 2 d 3 e 4 b 5 a
Students own answers. 2 Criminals
4 1 read 3 Criminals
Grammar 2
2 went 4 The police
3 would make 1 1 d 2 e 3 f 4 a 5 c 5 The police
4 wouldnt be 6 b 6 Criminals
5 wasnt 7 Criminals
2 2, 4, 6 (in any order): like,
look forward to, love 4 2 b 3 a 4 a 5 a 6 b
3, 5 (in any order): want, EXTRA!
would like Students own answers.
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Grammar 1 3 1 theft Unit 7


2 pickpocket Vocabulary 1
1 1 She must be ill.
3 robber
2 They must be tired. 1 1 draw
4 kidnapping
3 She must be your 2 win
5 vandalism
grandmother. 3 lose
4 We must be late. 4 1 kidnapper 4 take up
2 vandal 5 televise
2 1 cant
3 pickpocket
2 cant 2 2 score (a)
4 thief
3 must 3 support (e)
5 murderer
4 must 4 get (b)
5 cant EXTRA! 5 hold (d)
Students own answers. 6 set (f)
3 1 Kevin may be at home
because he is ill. Grammar 2 3 1 draw
2 The children are shouting 2 take up
so they must be bored. 1 1 d worked 3 hold an event
3 That must be my mum 2 hadnt taken 4 televise an event
because she arrives home 3 d told 5 support a team
at 7pm. 4 hadnt met
5 hadnt looked 4 2 televising
4 Sandra was with me so she
3 record
cant be guilty. 2 1 wouldnt have bought 4 won
5 Jason is at home so he 2 would have spoken 5 coaching
could be unemployed. 3 would have caught 6 took up
4 1 c 2 b 3 e 4 a 5 d 4 wouldnt have left 7 medal
5 wouldnt have been
5 1 cant EXTRA!
2 could 3 1 b 2 d 3 f 4 a 5 c
Students own answers.
3 must 6 e
4 cant Grammar 1
4 1 hadnt paid
5 could 2 would have sent 1 1 are
Vocabulary 2 3 would have made 2 are
4 hadnt told 3 m not
1 5 would have gone 4 arent
V Z T E K C O P K C I P 5 is
EXTRA!
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Y R E B I R B Y H I G U
Students own answers. 2 1 was stolen
R E T Z D R Y N T Z P E 2 wasnt paid
E D F N N U E V I L C G Reading and writing 3 were given
B R E L A E D G U R D O 1 a 2 b 4 c 1 d 3 4 was won
B U H S P D U A R F R O 5 wasnt written
O M T O P A C N I O F H 2 1 F 2 F 3 F 4 T 5 F
3 1 will be given
R E T F I L P O H S F P 4 2 Rob and Jim 2 wont be told
J L V A N D A L A S C O 3 talking 3 will be won
R E L G G U M S F N G T 4 a young guy 4 wont be scored
U G V U Z S G F V L C L 5 stood up 5 will be solved
L U U D U Q T A H D E O 6 dropped the bag and
ranoff 4 1 Our exams are going to
2 2 robber
7 Jim be marked by university
3 murder
8 really grateful teachers.
4 pickpocket
9 a reward 2 That old paper is going to
5 kidnapping
10 Saturday be recycled.
6 theft
3 I am not going to be
interviewed for the job.
4 Winners are going to be
chosen later today.
5 The match is going to be
televised.
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Vocabulary 2 4 1 Will the concert be held Vocabulary 2


today? Yes, it will.
1 1 1 warn
2 Will your dad be given a
D X D P C N I A R T 2 admit
promotion. Yes, he will.
3 announce
Y N N R E G P J I G 3 Will your friends be told
4 refuse
R W I A T C E P X E the news? No, they wont.
5 suggest
E N M C S W I N H V 4 Will we be taken to the
6 promise
B C E T A E B C U Z match? Yes, we/you will.
7 agree
M J R I W Q A Z W K 5 Will I be paid for the
8 tell
work? No, you wont.
E O U S T E C S S P
2 b refuse
M K F E T V P K A L Reading and writing
c announce
E S P E N D J O X A 1 2 e 3 a 4 b 5 c d invite
R T V B N I N M H Y e complain
2 a 4 b 5 c 1 d 3 e 2
2 1 hope f warn
2 waste 3 and 4
3 1 e 2 d 3 f 4 c 5 a
3 remember Students own answers. 6 b
4 train
5 play Unit 8 4 1 invite
Vocabulary 1 2 announce
3 1 a 2 b 3 b 4 a 5 b 3 suggest
1 1 d 2 c 3 a 4 b 5 f 4 admit
4 1 beat
6 e 5 explain
2 spend
3 teach 2 1 research 5 1 the day after
4 expect 2 do 2 that day
5 practise 3 design 3 that weekend
4 analyze 4 the week after
EXTRA!
5 develop
Students own answers. EXTRA!
3 2 test out the products
Grammar 2 Students own answers.
3 give a demonstration
1 1 d 2 e 3 a 4 b 5 f 4 do market research Grammar 2
6 c 4 2 solve any problems 1 1 e 2 g 3 a 4 c 5 f
2 2 are grown 3 invent characters 6 d 7 b
3 is called 4 do market research
2 1 they could sleep

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4 is spoken 5 test out a product
2 he had lost
5 is celebrated 6 design a prototype
3 we were going to read
6 are produced EXTRA! 4 she would try on
3 1 Was Don Quixote written Students own answers. 5 she had had
by Cervantes? Yes, it was. 3 1 I asked her if she wrote
Grammar 1
2 Were the Harry Potter best-sellers.
films directed by Steven 1 1 c 2 g 3 a 4 h 5 f 2 They asked us if we had
Spielberg. No, they 6 d 7 e 8 b been to New York.
werent. 3 He asked me if they were
2 2 had
3 Was modern pizza going to win the match.
3 were eating
invented in Italy? Yes, it 4 She asked him if he could
4 lived
was. run faster than his brother.
5 had seen
4 Was the 100m world 5 We asked her if we had to
6 could
record set by Rafa Nadal? copy the sentences.
7 had to
No, it wasnt.
8 would phone
5 Were rocks found on the
moon? Yes, they were. 3 1 his
2 my
3 their
4 she
5 they
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Answer key

Reading and writing 4 1, 2, 3 (in any order) last 3 1 will


month, ten minutes ago, 2 Is
1 2 D 3 A 4 A 5 D 6 A
yesterday 3 Have
3 1 a lot 4, 5 (in any order) right now, 4 had
2 very good this week 5 Do
3 This can disturb other 6, 7, 8 (in any order) next 6 is
people. weekend, tonight, tomorrow 7 were
4 Mp3 players have
5 1 have just arrived 4 1 b 2 a 3 b 4 a 5 b
more advantages than
2 were driving
disadvantages. EXTRA!
3 stopped
4 2 d 3 a 4 b 4 had forgotten Students own answers.
5 missed Reading and writing
5 2 can carry a library in your
6 re going to dance
bag 1 Students own answers.
7 ll write
3 3,500 books
4 over 2 million books for Vocabulary 2 2 a 2 b 4 c 1 d 3
free 3 1 Y 2 Y 3 N 4 Y 5 N
1 2 visible
5 do not use ink or paper 6 Y
3 unbearable
6 lose the feel and smell of
4 acceptable 4 She/He couldnt live without
real paper
5 inflexible social networking sites. They
7 to download books
6 reasonable arent a waste of time if you
illegally
7 unreliable use them correctly.
8 bad for the eyes
9 more advantages than 2 b 2 c 4 d 7 e 6 f 3 5 2 keep in touch with friends
disadvantages g 5 3 organizing events
3 1 b 2 b 3 a 4 share information
Unit 9 5 reduced our physical
Vocabulary 1 4 1 unreliable contact with people
2 unacceptable 6 you are really talking to
1 blog, review, tweet, poem,
3 unbearable 7 young people spend hours
article, advert, recipe
4 responsible 8 couldnt live without
2 2 label (e) 5 flexible 9 you use them correctly
3 dictionary entry (b)
5 1 visible
4 cartoon (c)
2 unacceptable
5 instruction manual (a)
3 unbearable
Text Interface Macmillan Publishers Limited 2012

6 receipt (d)
4 responsible
3 1 b 2 b 3 b 4 b 5 b
EXTRA!
4 1 quote Students own answers.
2 dictionary entry
3 article Grammar 2
4 blog 1 1 c 2 g 3 e 4 d 5 b
5 recipe 6 f 7 a
EXTRA! 2 1 What are you going to do
Students own answers. after class?
2 What did you watch on TV
Grammar 1
last night?
1 1 are losing 3 Had you finished your
2 dont have homework when the
3 doesnt use teacher came in?
4 isnt feeling 4 What were you wearing
5 complains yesterday?
2 1 a 2 b 3 a 4 a 5 b
3 1 e 2 c 3 a 4 f 5 d
6 b
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