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Annotated Bibliography

Article # 1
Article reference: Purpose of the study:
Dweck, C,. (2008). Mindset the new The purpose of this chapter is to show how
psychology of success: how we can learn to to enhance a child by having a Growth-
fullfill our potential, 234-238. New York: Mindset.
Summarize the method in your own Draw a figurative representation.
words. Retrieved from: http://big-
There exists a Fixed-Mindset, with this
the child accepts that things are easy and
he is not trying to challenge himself.
A child with a Fixed-Mindset will think
that some of people are good, and others
are bad.
A Fixed-Mindset is not aware of the
positivity of mistakes.
A Growth-Mindset is a learning process.
A child with this mindset will try to
challenge himself and develop strategies.
The question to ask children is: what did
you learn today? What mistakes did you
make? And what can you do to not
repeat these mistakes?

List the outcomes in point form, Write two questions you have about the
underlining five key words. research.
The fixed-mindset will make categories How can I involve a child in challenging
between good and bad people themselves?
The growth-mindset will be a learning How can I see if a child is learning
process where the child learns to accept something new?
his mistakes
To help a child develop a growth-
mindset, educators have to support him
in finding strategies.
The educator should point out the
mistakes and encourage the child to
learn from it.
The educator should make sure that the
child knows that he is learning.
Implications for change project
Robert will have to think about something
that it's challenging for him, this is the
negotiation part of the project, which can be
difficult for him. After our talk, he also
explained that working in an noisy
environment can be challenging for him, so
we could think about strategies to deal with
the noise.
Furthermore, this chapter makes me think
about how I will have to talk with Robert,
which kind of questions will I have to ask
him at the end of the project in order to
challenge himself.
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Article # 2
Article reference: Purpose of the study:
50 activities for teaching emotional: level 1 This chapter is an explanation of the
elementary, 11. (1996). Innerchoice concept of relationships and emotional
publishing: Torrance. intelligence.
Summarize the method in your own Draw a figurative representation.
The method gives some details about the
relationships' benefits and the importance of
Interpersonal intelligence (E.Q).
According to the method, relationships have
different benefits for the students. This
allows students in developing the following
skills: empathy, listening, mastery of non-
verbal cues, to make accurate
interpretations, responding appropriately,
working cooperatively and resolving
There are two personal intelligences which Retrieved from:
are; the interpersonal intelligence and
intrapersonal intelligence. -kids-emotional-intelligence-coaching/
The Interpersonal intelligence is to know
how to respond appropriately to other
people's emotions.
The Intrapersonal intelligence is to have
access to our own feelings and being able to
discriminate between them.
Interpersonal intelligence is necessary for
relationships. This is the basis of leadership.
List the outcomes in point form, Write two questions you have about the
underlining five key research.
words. Which techniques could be used to
Relationships help with developing develop E.Q.?

certain skills necessary for everyday With Intrapersonal skills, how is a child
life. able to identify someone elses feelings
A leader must have an Emotional when that person doesn't have the same
intelligence (E.Q). cultural background, or when that person
The goal of E.Q. is to be able to monitor does not make familiar facial
emotions. expressions?
There are two different kind of E.Q:
Interpersonal and Intrapersonal
Interpersonal is the ability to
discriminate our own emotions, and
Intrapersonal is the ability to be able to
identify someone elses feelings and
how to properly respond to it.
Implications for change project
Robert will be a leader in the project, so I
will have to take into consideration E.Q.
Also, the purpose of my implementing
changes is to help Robert in building a
better connection with his peers. It is
interesting to get knowledge about the
benefits of friendship.

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Article #3
Article reference: Purpose of the study:
Coholic, D. (2010). Art activities for The first pages of this book explain the
children and young people in need: helping Holistic approach in Art activities. This
children to develop mindfulness, spiritual, book shows how self-awareness and self-
awareness & self-esteem, 1-40. Jessica esteem can be improved using Art activities
Kingsley: London & Philadelphia. and group work.
Summarize the method in your own Draw a figurative representation

The first pages are an introduction of
theories to justify the Holistic approach
before purposing activities.
The author mentions that art and group
work can be used to improve a child's
awareness and their self-esteem. Also, the
use of art can resolve mental health issues.
These kinds of activities can be used to
focus on strengths and resilience.
By using aa holistic approach with a group
art activity, the educator should be able to:
Retrieved from:
teach listening skills, help children at being
more mindful of their thoughts and their
feelings, help young people in learning
about their own values, motivate them with
playing with different perspectives and
building their strengths.
Furthermore, the holistic approach is
organized by theme to teach (e.g.: listening
skills). The theme will depend on the daily
needs of the children. Then, the practice of
making Art will help children to express
themselves more easily.
In this approach, the adult is a facilitator.
List the outcomes in point form, Write two questions you have about the
underlining five key words. research.
Art can help with facilitating open Which techniques can be used to teach
discussions and to express the the different themes?
unknown. How a group work can improve self-
The holistic process is based on one esteem? Is this always the case?
class and one theme
These themes are addressing the
student's needs during the class.
Group work can improve self-esteem
The holistic approach can be used to
focus on strengths and resilience.
Implications for change project

My project is an arts and crafts activity that

Robert is going to do with his peers. I will
use the one class and one theme that could
be taught regarding Robert's needs on that
Also, one of my implementations is to help
him in improving his self-esteem. I believe
that my group project will help him in this.
As well, this chapter helped me in thinking
about the Adults role. Adults will be
facilitators; they will help children in
communicating and making sure that
everything goes well.

Article # 4

Article reference: Purpose of the study:

Hubbard,J., Coie,J. (1994).Emotional The role of emotional functioning in the

correlates of social competence in children's social competence of children
peer relationships. Retrieved from:
Summarize the method in your own Draw a figurative representation.

The first part of the article gives a definition

of social competence. The authors
definition of social competence is: to be
liked by peers, and be able to interact with
them as well as give them directives, based
on what they liked and do no like.

The authors gave several theories about it

based on social competence being the idea Retrieved from:
that a person understands his own
emotions.and the ability of descriminating s-interpersonal-interaction-children/
other peoples feelings.

According the theories, children's

understanding of emotions is related to goal
attainement, the situations where they are
and their popularity.
The ability to be able to determinate
emotions is a cognitive process. We do not
measure the emotions but instead work with
paradigms where children have to answer
questions about their emotions and people's

Nothing proves that there is a relationship

in between the ability of descriminating an
emotion and the social skill. However,
Casey explains that positive feedback helps
children at understanding people's emotions.
The third part explains that children are able
to regulate their emotions.The emotion
regulation can be related to the social status
and if the child is rejected or not. Also,
social competent children are more able to
manage their feelings.

The last part of the article is "Displays

This is defined as masking a facial
expression to hide a feeling. The children
that use display role have better
relationships with their peers, understand
people's feelings more and have good social
Moody and emotional children are more
likely to be rejected.

List the outcomes in point form, Write two questions you have about the
underlining five key words. research.

Children that are able to manage their What techniques are used to teach children
emotions are more social. at managing their feelings?
An emotional children is more often If a children are using the display role how
rejected by others. can people can understand what they are
Display role is the ability to mask feelings feeling?
Children who practise display role are
socially more competent so they are more
able to negociate conflicts
It is not about measuring the emotions but

working on the cognitive process.

Implications for change project

My project will focus on socialization

among peers and negociation. Thus, this
article has been very useful because it has
helped me at understanding children's
In my implementation change, I will try to
help Robert at being more well-liked by his
peers. This can be done by asking children
to write on a paper two things that they like
about Robert. The fact that emotional
functioning and social
competences are linked mean that I will
have to control Robert to managing his
feelings. As well, I may teach him display

Article #5

Article reference: Purpose of the study:

Stopa,L. (2009). Imagery and the threatened The first pages are an introduction to self-
self-perspectives on mental imagery and the image.
self in cognitive therapy, 1-8.. Routeledge:
New York.

Summarize the method in your own Draw a figurative representation.


Self-image can be seen as a prison when it

is negative. The image that we have of
ourselves represents events and people. This

image can be shaped. That's why imagery
and self-representation can be used in
Furthermore, there is an obvious
relationship in between visual perceptions
and visual images.
Images can activate emotions. So, the
imagery has an effect on emotions and on
evaluative learning. This is caused because
images increase emotions such as the
The self has multiple representations and
processes. It is a conscious reflection about
what we are feeling and ourself.
Self-images plays a role in self-esteem.

Retrieved from:

List the outcomes in point form, Write two questions you have about the
underlining five key words. research.

Self-image can be a prison How can you change people's self-

Our own vision of ourself can be a perception?
perception true or false. Can we control people's image and
Images can activate emotions emotions of themselves?
Images can effect psychological problems.
Self-images are a conscious self reflection
that affects self- esteem.

Implications for change project

One of my goals is to change Robert's self-

image so this chapter has helped me to
understand the concept of self-image.

I have also noticed that if I can improve

Robert's self-perception I will be able to
improve his self-esteem. I have to let him

understand that he is capable of achieving
academics goals and having good
relationships with his peers.

The chapter has confirmed that it is all about

emotions in a cognitive way. Therefore, I
have to make him think about his emotions
and other people's feelings to have a better
understanding of the situations.

Article 6

Article reference: Purpose of the study:

Noble, T., Mac Grath, H. (2016). The

prosper school pathways for student well- Understanding the happiness at school and
being, 31-46. Springer Cham: New York. help practitioners at choosing strategies for
student well-being.

Summarize the method in your own Draw a figurative representation.


The PROSPER is a method based on the

idea that children have to have a positive
mindset, a growth-mindset, knowing the
prosocial values, having self-knowledge,
self-respect, self-management, awareness
and having a role.
All of that, will help them at feeling well at
Prosper mentions the importance of
relationships at school for children's
happiness. Relationships are a way for them Retrieved from:
to practice pro social values. Pro social
values are: compassion, kindness, being gross/how-to-help-your-child-make-
supportive, cooperation, respectful, friends_b_5234411.html
negotiation, playing fairly, responding
empathic, and managing conflict well. Also,
friendship is good for the attendance at

school and high school graduation. It helps
children at having a sense of belonging and
with prevention of bullying. It has a good
impact for the future.

List the outcomes in point form, Write two questions you have about the
underlining five key words. research.

Positive relationships have an impact on How to enhance children at being friends ?

children's well-being at school. How to teach pro-social skills ?
The pro social skills are sharing resources,
negotiating, respect and playing fairly.
Friendship has a positive impact on
children at school.
Friendship helps children at being more
engaged at school and in academic
Friendships are a life skill and they are
necessary for a child's future.

Implications for change project

I will add a friendship dimension in the

project and enhance Robert in negotiating.
I will have to encourage children at sharing
and finding common points. Therefore, he
will have to allow other children to do the
project with him.
The chapter showed me the importance of
friendship. By enhancing friendship I will
help Robert at building better relationships
with his peers.

Article #7

Article reference: Purpose of the study:

Zeng, G., Hou, H., Peng.K,. (2016). Effect

of growth mindset on school engagement To show the impact of positive education on
and psychological well-being of chinese student well-being and school engagement.
primary and middle school student: the
mediating role of resilience. Retrieved from:

Summarize the method in your own Draw a figurative representation.


A survey has been done in 5 schools in

China: two primaries school, two middle
school, and one vocational.
The authors have used different tools to
measure growth-mindset, resilience,
psychological well-being and school
engagement. Retrieved from:
The research has shown that all of the data
mentioned, are related. By enhancing 2322214_The_influence_of_psychological_
growth-mindset, psychological well-being, well-being_on_academic_success
promoting resilience, and teaching strategies
and understanding of academic challenge,
educators will be able to enhance student
happiness and academic achievement.

List the outcomes in point form, Write two questions you have about the
underlining five key words. research.

There are different tools to measure How to enhance resilience? Which activities
resilience, well-being and growth-mindset. could be done?
Well-being can improved with academic Does well-being help children at having
support better relationships?
Growth-mindset and well-being are linked
By enhancing well-being, educators can
help children with their academic
Resilience helps children at having well-

Implications for change project

I am doing a short project, I won't be able to

work on the resilience. However, this article
helps me to understand that if Robert feels
well at school it will help him with his
academic achievements and school
relationships. Because of this, I will create a
friendship dimension to the project. Also,
Im going to work on enhancing him at
having a growth mindset and getting some
learning strategies.

Article #8

Article reference: Purpose of the study:

Stephens,D., Jain.S, & Kim, K. (2010).

Group counselling: techniques for To examine the literature about the role
teaching social skills to students with of group counselling techniques in a
special needs. Retrieved from: school. Group counselling is used to teach social skills to children.

Summarize the method in your own Draw a figurative representation.


Group counselling can help children with

difficulties by preventing them from
social failure.

The benefits of using group counselling

are: learning from one another,
generating solutions together, learning to
cope with their disabilities, practicing
what they are learning. Social
competence and friendship will bring an
Retrieved from:
adjustment when the child is an adult.

It is important to do prevention as early
as possible. School groups can help a
larger population in the school. Groups
have to be homogenous in gender. In
elementary school the group has to be
small. We have to present the group as an
activity group to reduce the negative
image of members of the group.
List the outcomes in point form, underlining Write two questions you have about the
five key words. research.

Earlier is the intervention, better is

In elementary school, the group has What are the different ways to avoid
to be small the group getting a negative image?
There are different benefits with What are some activities that could
counseling groups such as building help children in the group to
friendships. improve their social skills more
The participation in counselling efficiently?
groups can provide some
adjustment when the child is an
The group has to be named as an
activity group in order to reduce any
negative image.

Implications for change project

Work on the group image in order not to

convey a negative image.

It has helped me understand why the

counsellors wanted to do a small group

The benefits that I could get from a group

project include thinking about how to
teach social skills more efficiently: I could
pick up one skill per day and say to
Robert that it is our goal for today or for
the week.

At the beginning, I should find a routine

where we explained the goals.

Article #9

Article reference: Purpose of the study:

Ladd, G. (1981). Effectiveness of a Social To study change in low acceptance

Learning Method for Enhancing children after social skills training.
Children's Social Interaction and Peer
Acceptance. Retrieved from:

Summarize the method in your own Draw a figurative representation.


A study of third grade students who

were coached in 3 social skills: asking
questions and leading and offering
support to peers.

Children were isolated from the

The training had an impact on the
children when they returned to the
There is a relation between the skills
taught and the acceptance of those Retrieved from:
children in the classroom.

It took 4 weeks to see the change.

The study shows that by teaching
social skills, children's behavior can
change, and their social imagery as

List the outcomes in point form, underlining Write two questions you have about the
five key words. research.

Leading has an impact on behavior Which techniques could be used to

change make an efficient behavior change?
I need to expose the child for How do we teach leadership to
enough time to the new concept to children?
notice a change
If I teach social skills, the child's
social imagery will change or
Even though the child is isolated
from the classroom, we can see
Social skills training has an impact
on low-acceptance children.

Implications for change

This article made me consider the

perception of leadership. I have decided
to add a leadership dimension to the
project. Robert will have to lead the
project, so I will have to teach him the
concept of leadership.
Also, I will need time to see a change. I
hope that the project will help Robert to
have better behavior with other children
and to be more connected with his peers.

Article #10

Article reference: Purpose of the study:

Dolan,S., Gosselin, E., Carrire. (2012). This chapter proposes a definition of

Psychologie du travail et comportement leadership and different concepts related
organisationnel, 308-316. Chenelire: to it.
Montral. Retrieved from:
Summarize the method in your own Draw a figurative representation.

Firstly, the author says that "leadership"

in the context of an organization is the
ability to influence others to get to a
common goal.
There are different approaches
concerning leadership. The first one is the
personality, and then we have the
behavior and then the situation. The Retrieved from:
personality approach mentions that some
people are more likely to become a leader develop-leadership-qualities-in-your-
because of their personality, their children
physical attributes, their social
environment, or their intelligence. The
task and social competence are important
skills for leadership.
A leader is also a person who influences
other people a lot. He or she is smart and
does not abuse his or her power.
There exist two kinds of leadership:
Leadership based on the people. It
is a way of managing people and
making sure that the work
atmosphere is pleasant. There is
mutual respect, friendship and
support. Also the leader is
concerned with the security of the
person, the well-being of his or her
employees, and the good
relationship between co-workers.
Leadership based on the task
where the leader just focuses on
the achievement of the task.

List the outcomes in point form, underlining Write two questions you have about the
five key words. research.

Leadership is the ability to How do we teach leadership based

influence others to get to a common on people to a child?
Personality and other criteria can
play a role in leadership. How do we help a child to have
Social competence is necessary to influence on others in the
be a leader. classroom?
Leadership can be based on people
and their well-being.
Leadership can be based on the task
where the achievement of the goal
is more important than the people.

Implications for change project.

This part of the chapter made me think

about the definition of leadership.
Because I will add a leadership dimension
to the project, I needed to have a better
understanding of it. During the first
discussion with Robert, I will ask him
what leadership is and explain to him the
two kinds of leadership. My purpose will
be to enhance his ability to lead based on
the person.