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# LE1 Recits

Instructions: Answer the following problems. Show all the important steps.

1. A neutral metal sphere (A) has mass and hangs from an insulating wire of length . An
identical sphere (B) with charge is brought into contact with sphere A. The spheres then
repel each other so that the angle of the wire is as shown.

## a. What are the charges on spheres A and B after contact? [2 pts.]

b. Using Coulombs Law, what is the magnitude of the electrostatic
force on sphere A? [2 pts.]
c. Find an expression for the electrostatic force on sphere A in terms of
, , and . (Hint: use a free body diagram!) [4 pts.]
d. From your answers in b and c, solve for . [2 pts.]
B A

## 2. A rod with uniform linear charge density + is bent into a semicircle of

radius R as shown. An infinitesimal section of the rod at subtends an
angle d.

## a. How much charge does this infinitesimal section have? [2 pts.]

b. What is the magnitude of the electric field due to this infinitesimal
section at the center of the semicircle? [2 pts.]
c. What are the x- and y-components of the electric field due to this
infinitesimal section at the center of the semicircle? [2 pts. each]
d. What is the net electric field at the center of the semicircle? [2 pts.]

3. Consider an infinite cylinder with a non-uniform volume charge density (r) = +0r and radius b.
A cylindrical Gaussian surface with radius a and length L is coaxial to the charged cylinder, as
shown below.

a. How much charge does this Gaussian surface enclose? (Hint: use dq = (r)dV, where
dV = (2pr dr)L for this cylinder) [4 pts.]
b. What is the electric flux through this Gaussian surface? [2 pts.]
c. What is the magnitude of the electric field at this Gaussian surface? [4 pts.]
4. Consider an insulating disk with a uniform surface charge density +s and radius R. An
infinitesimal ring with radius r and area dA = 2pr dr is concentric to the charged disk, as shown.

## a. How much charge dQ does the infinitesimal ring have? [2 pts.]

b. What is the electric potential contribution dV of this ring at point P? [2 pts.]
c. What is the electric potential due to the entire disk at point P? [4 pts.]
d. What is the electric field due to the entire disk at point P? [2 pts.]

## 5. Consider five capacitors, C1 = C5 = 3F, C2 = C3 = C4 = 6F, connected as shown in the figure.

After fully charging the circuit, the 9-V battery is then disconnected. [2 pts. each]

## a. What is the effective capacitance of this circuit?

b. How much charge is stored in C2?
c. C3 is isolated and then inserted with a dielectric of k=2.
a. What is the new potential difference across it?
b. What is its plate separation if the new energy density is
( 10, (V/m)2?
d. C4 is isolated and then inserted with a dielectric of k=3.
How much energy does it now store?

6. A power supply with internal resistance r is connected to a rechargeable battery with emf , as
shown in the given circuit.

## a. What is the current I through the power supply? [2 pts.]

b. What is the internal resistance r of the power supply? [4 pts.]
c. What is the magnitude of the emf ? [4 pts.]