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PHYSICS

Class : XII (AN)


Target IIT JEE 2013
SUPPLEMENT
F LU I D M E C H A N I C S
[SINGLE CORRECT CHOICE TYPE]
Q.1 A cone of height 1m and half angle 45 is kept inside a tank. Both the surfaces are perfectly smooth
so that no air is trapped in between the base of the cone and the bottom of the tank. Then the tank
is filled with water upto height of 1m.(Take Patm = 1 105 Pa, Density of water = Average density
of the cone = 103 kg/m3) Find the normal reaction exerted by the tank on the cone.
(A) zero (B) 104 N (C) 1.1 104 N (D) 1.1 105 N
Q.2 A closed hemispherical shell of radius R is filled with fluid at uniform pressure p. The net force of the fluid
on the curved portion of the shell is given by:
(A) 2R2p (B) R2p (C) 4R2p (D) (4/3)R2p
Paragraph for question nos. 3 to 4
The figure below shows four situations in which a gray liquid and a black liquid (which we known nothing
about) are in a U tube.

Q.3 Which of the following situations does not show static equilibrium of liquids.
(A) I (B) II (C) III (D) IV
Q.4 In which of the following situation(s) of static equilibrium must the density of the gray liquid be greater
than the density of the black liquid? (circle all appropriate cases)
(A) I (B) II (C) III (D) IV
Q.5 A plastic ball is dropped in water from a height of 45m. It goes in the water and then bounces back to the
starting point. (Neglect viscosity). If the time taken in this process is 18seconds than the specific gravity
of the material of plastic ball is
(A) 0.33 (B) 0.5 (C) 0.67 (D) 0.75
Q.6 A balloon filled with 1 m3 of hydrogen at atmospheric pressure can lift how much more weight than when
filled with 1 m3 of helium at atmospheric pressure? (Take average molecular weight of the air as 28 g/mol
and neglect mass of balloon material)
(A) 13/12 times (B) 2 times (C) 12/13 times (D) half
Q.7 A cubical block of wood of specific gravity 0.5 and chunk of concrete of specific gravity 2.5 are fastened
together. The ratio of mass of wood to the mass of concrete which makes the combination to float with
entire volume of the combination submerged in water is
(A) 1/5 (B) 1/3 (C) 3/5 (D) 2/5
Q.8 An iceberg is floating in ocean. What fraction of its volume is above the water ? (Given : density of ice =
900 kg/m3 and density of ocean water = 1030 kg/m3)
90 13 10 1
(A) (B) (C) (D)
103 103 103 103
[1]
Q.9 A stone tied to a string is supported from a spring scale that read 10N. A pail of water rests on a platform
scale that reads 80N. The stone is lowered into the water, and the spring scale then reads 5N. It follows
that the platform scale.
(A) still reads 80 N (B) now reads 70 N (C) now reads 90 N (D) now reads 85 N
Q.10 Two spheres of volume 250 cc each but of relative densities 0.8 and
1.2 are connected by a string and the combination is immersed in a
liquid in vertical position as shown in figure. The tension in the string is
(g = 10 m/s2)
(A) 5.0 N (B) 0.5 N (C) 1.0 N (D) 2.0 N
Q.11 When submerged under water, the mass of one cubic centimeter of pure gold is 18.3 g. What would be
its mass in air?
(A) 16.3 g (B) 17.3 g (C) 18.3 g (D) 19.3 g (E) 20.3 g
Q.12 An object of specific gravity is hung from a massless string. The tension in the string is T. The object is
immersed in water so that one half of its volume is submerged. The new tension in the string is
2 1 2 1 1 1
(A) T (B) T (C) T (D) T
2 2
Q.13 A heavy brass sphere is hung from a light spring and is set in vertical small oscillation with a period T. The
sphere is now immersed in a non-viscous liquid with a density 1/10th the density of the sphere. If the
system is now set in vertical S.H.M., its period will be
(A) (9/10)T (B) (9/10)2T (C) (10/9) T (D) T
Q.14 A hydraulic press has one piston of diameter 2.0 cm and the other piston of diameter 8.0 cm. What force
must be applied to the smaller piston to obtain a force of 1600N at the larger piston?
(A) 6.25N (B) 25N (C) 100 N (D) 400N (E) 1600N
Q.15 The diagram shows a pipe of uniform cross section in which water is flowing. The directions of flow and
the volume flow rates (in cm3/s) are shown for various portions of the pipe. The direction of flow and the
volume flow rate in the portion marked A are:

(A) and 3 cm3/s (B) and 7 cm3/s (C) and 9 cm3/s (D) and 11 cm3/s
(E) and 15 cm3/s
Q.16 Water flows into a cylindrical vessel of large cross-sectional area at a rate of 104 m3/s. It flows out from a hole
of area 104 m2, which has been punched through the base. How high does the water rise in the vessel?
(A) 0.075 m (B) 0.051 m (C) 0.031 m (D) 0.025 m
Q.17 A horizontal jet of water having velocity = 10m/s and stream cross section = 2cm2 hits a stationary flat
plate perpendicularly with the water splashing out parallel to the plate. The plate experiences a force of
(A) 40N (B) 20N (C) 8N (D) 10N
Q.18 An L-shaped pipe is lowered into a river such that the horizontal arm of the pipe is parallel to the river
flow velocity and its open end points upstream. The river flow velocity = 5 m/s. To what height above the
surface of water will the water rise in the vertical arm of the pipe?
(A) 1.25 m (B) 5 m (C) 10 m (D) None
[2]
Q.19 A bent tube is lowered into water stream as shown in the figure. The velocity of the stream relative to the
tube is equal to V = 2 m/s. The closed upper end of the tube located at height h0 = 10 cm above free
surface of water has a small orifice. To what height h will the water get spurt?

(A) 5 cm (B) 10 cm (C) 20 cm (D) 40 cm

Q.20 A liquid flows through a tube of uniform cross-section on horizontal plane as


shown. Direction of the force exerted by the liquid on the tube is towards
(A) East (B) South
(C) North-West (D) North-East

Q.21 A cylindrical vessel filled with water upto the height H becomes empty in time t0 due to a small hole at the
bottom of the vessel. If water is filled to a height 4H it will flow out in time
(A) t0 (B) 4t0 (C) 8t0 (D) 2t0

[REASONING TYPE]
Q.22 A block of ice on earth floats on water with 9/10 of its volume submerged.
Statement -1 : On moon the block of ice would float on water with less than 9/10 of its volume
submerged.
Statement -2 : The acceleration due to gravity on moon surface is less than that on earth.
(A) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is true and statement-2 is correct explanation for statement-1.
(B) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is true and statement-2 is NOT the correct explanation for statement-1.
(C) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is false.
(D) Statement-1 is false, statement-2 is true.

[MATRIX TYPE]
Q.23 In the table shown below, column-II shows the possible outcomes to the water level of a swimming pool
when a person standing on a boat in it does any one of the actions shown in column-I. Match the
possible outcomes.
Column-I Column-II
(A) He throws a 20 kg iron anchor from (P) It becomes lower
the boat into the water, which then
settles at the bottom.

(B) He throws out a 20 kg log from the boat. (Q) It becomes higher.
The log floats on water

(C) He empties 20 kg of water from the boat (R) It stays the same.
into the pool.
(S) Cannot be predicted
from the information given.

[3]
[SUBJECTIVE TYPE]
Q.24 A monometer reads the pressure of a gas in a enclosure as shown in figure (a). When some of the gas is
removed by a pump, the manometer reads as in (b). The liquid used in the manometers is mercury and
the atmospheric pressure is 76 cm of mercury.

(a) (b)
(i) Give the absolute and guage pressure of the gas in the enclosure for cases (a) and (b) in units of cm of
mercury.
(ii) How would the levels change in case (b) if 13.6 cm of water are poured into the right limb of the
manometer.

Q.25 A closed tube in the form of an equilateral triangle of side l


contains equal volumes of three liquids which do not mix and is
placed vertically with its lowest side horizontal . Find x in the figure
if the densities of the liquids are in A.P.

Q.26 The cross-sectional area of the U-tube shown in the fig. is everywhere uniform
and of value 1.25 103 m2. The horizontal section of the tube is of length 20
cm. When at rest, the limbs of the tube contain a liquid of density 2.5 up to
equal heights. If the tube is rotated with angular velocity of 8.4 rad/sec about
one limb, calculate the volume of liquid that flows from one limb to the other.

Q.27 A cube of wood supporting 200 g mass just floats in water. When the mass is removed, the cube rises by
2 cm. What is the size of the cube?

Q.28 We have two liquids of different densities. A force of 1.36 N can hold the same piece of metal in one of
them, and of 0.82 N in the other. In what volume proportion should they be mixed so that the holding
force is exactly 1 N?

Q.29 A rod of length 6m has a mass 12 kg. It is hinged at one end at a distance of 3m below water surface .
(a) What weight must be attached to the other end of the rod so that 5m of the rod is submerged.
(b) Find the magnitude and direction of the force exerted by the hinge on the rod.
(specific gravity of the rod is 0.5)

Q.30 A block of ice with an area of cross section A and a height h floats in water of density 0. What work
should be performed to submerge the ice block completely into water if density of ice is 1?

[4]
Q.31 A hole in the horizontal bottom of the container is closed by a hemispherical cap of radius R (see figure).
The vessel is filled with liquid of density d. Bottom is at a depth of H. Find the force with which the cap
presses down on the bottom of the vessel. Neglect atmospheric pressure. If the force is a N, fill 'a' in
the OMR sheet. (Take : d = 103 kg/m3, H = 1m, R = 30 cm)

H
R

Q.32 A rectangular tank of height 10m filled with water, is placed near the bottom of
an incline of angle 30. At height x from bottom a small hole is made as shown
figure such that the stream coming out from hole, strikes the inclined plane
normally. Find x.

Q.33 A cylindrical tank having cross-sectional area A = 0.5 m2 is filled with two
liquids of densities 1 = 900 kgm3 & 2 = 600 kgm3, to a height h = 60cm as
shown in the figure. A small hole having area a = 5 cm2 is made in right vertical
wall at a height y=20cm from the bottom. Calculate
(i) velocity of efflux.

(ii) horizontal force F to keep the cylinder in static equilibrium, if it is placed on a smooth horizontal plane.

(iii) minimum and maximum value of F to keep the cylinder at rest. The coefficient of friction between
cylinder and the plane is = 0.01.

(iv) velocity of the top most layer of the liquid column and also the velocity of the boundary separating the
two liquids.

Q.34 A siphon tube is discharging a liquid of specific gravity 0.9 from


a reservoir as shown in fig. find
(a) find the velocity of the liquid coming out of siphon at D
(b) find the pressure at the highest point B
(c) find the pressure at point C, here g = 10 m/s 2.

[5]
ANSWER KEY
Q.1 D Q.2 B Q.3 B Q.4 D Q.5 C

Q.6 A Q.7 C Q.8 B Q.9 D Q.10 B

Q.11 C Q.12 B Q.13 D Q.14 C Q.15 E

Q.16 B Q.17 B Q.18 A Q.19 B Q.20 D

Q.21 D Q.22 D Q.23 (A) P (B) R (C) R

Q.24 (i) absolute pressure = 96 cm of Hg, (ii) Gauge pressure = 20 cm of Hg for (a)
(iii) Mercury would rise in the left limb such that the difference in the levels in the two limbs becomes 9
cm
v1 1
Q.25 x = 1/3 Q.26 88.2 c.c Q.27 a = 10 cm Q.28
v2 2

Agh 2 (0 1 ) 2
Q.29 (a) 7/3 kg, (b) 170/3 N Q.30 Q.31 720
2 0

25
Q.32 m Q.33 (i) 4m/s, (ii) F = 7.2N, (iii) Fmin = 0, Fmax = 52.2 N, (iv) both 4 103 m/s
3

Q.34 (a) 10 m/sec, (b) 4.1510 4 Pa, (c) 6.4 10 4 Pa

[6]