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This electric grid delivers

electricity from points of


generation to consumers,
and the electricity
delivery network functions
via two primary systems:
the transmission system
and the distribution
system. The transmission
system delivers
electricity from power
plants
SMART GRID

Abstract:
Efficiency: improve efficiency of grid
The smart grid is the most promising operation, taking into an account of cost
solution for future generation energy crisis. effectiveness of the electricity system.
One important feature of the smart grid is the
integration of high-speed, reliable and secure
data communication networks to manage the
complex power systems effectively and
intelligently. With an overlay of digital
technology, the grid promises to operate more
efficiently and reliably. These communication
networks are responsible for delivering power
system related messages.

Introduction:
Smart grid is an electric grid which
delivers electricity from points of generation to
consumers, and the electricity delivering
network functions via two primary systems: the
transmission system and the distribution
system. The transmission system delivers
electricity from power plants to distribution
substations, while the distribution system
delivers electricity from the distribution
substations to consumers.
Building the smart grid means adding
computer and communications technology to
the existing electricity grid. Where the
computers and the routers manage the flow of Components:
bits on the internet, smart grid technologies It has two main components: connectivity
use information to optimize the flow of network, sensing and measurement. The
electricity. connectivity network is classified as core
network, distribution network, transmission
Principles: network and access network whereas the
For the purpose of implementing smart sensing and measurement network as smart
grid, the consideration the following principles metering network.
serve as a guide for its achievements: Core network: the core network handles
Customer value: the smart grid must the connectivity between substations and
provide benefits to electricity customers. utilities head offices. Technologies used for
Security: ensure both cyber security and core network Implementation include: wireline
physical security to protect data, access points technologies (fiber), wireless technologies
and the overall electricity grid from (WiMAX).
unauthorized access and the malicious Distribution network: the distribution
attacks. network handles broadband connectivity for
Privacy: respect and protect the privacy of transmitting data collected by smart grid
customers. concentrators and distribution automation
Safety: under all circumstances maintain devices (e.g.monitors,sensors), which are
and in no way compromise healthy, safety located on the grid, to their related data bases
protections and improve electrical safety. and analytics servers. Technologies used are
Environmental benefits: promote the wireline technologies(fiber, BPL(broadband
integration of clean technologies, over power lines),and wireless
conservations and more efficient use of technologies(wiMAX,GSM).
existing technology to reduce the
environmental footprint of the electricity and
transportation sectors.
SMART GRID
SMART GRID
SMART GRID