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Burs
Burs
 There are three parts to every bur. ◦Shank ◦Neck ◦Head Parts
 There are three
parts to every
bur.
◦Shank
◦Neck
◦Head
Parts
 Handpiece (HP) shank - these only fit into the straight nose cone and are
 Handpiece (HP) shank - these only fit into
the straight nose cone and are always for
the slow speed.
 Latch type - used in a contra angled slow
speed handpiece it has a shorter length
than the HP. The end of the shank is
notched so that a mechanical latch at the
end of the handpiece holds it in place.
This is the best type to use for pin
placement because the loosely fitting
shank will compensate for any slight
movements in the head of the handpiece.
 Friction grip - the most prevalent type
now in use it is used both for the high
and slow speed handpiece.
Shank
 Joins the shank to the head. Neck
 Joins the shank to
the head.
Neck
 This is the business end of the bur. It comes in a wide variety
 This is the business end of the bur.
It comes in a wide variety of
shapes and sizes to accommodate
every possible use in the dental
office.
 the cutting edges, or blade, on a
bur are called “flutes”.
◦ most burs used for cavity preparation
have six (6) flutes. Larger burs may
have eight (8).
◦ burs used for finishing and polishing
have anywhere from 12 to 40 flutes.
Head
 Carbide  Diamond Materials
 Carbide
 Diamond
Materials
 Round  Inverted Cone  Straight Fissure  Tapered Fissure  Pear  Other
 Round
 Inverted Cone
 Straight Fissure
 Tapered Fissure
 Pear
 Other (multifluted)
Shapes for Carbide
 comes in six common sizes: #1/4, #1/2, #2, #4, #6, and #8.  small
 comes in six common
sizes: #1/4, #1/2, #2,
#4, #6, and #8.
 small burs such as the
#1/4 and #1/2 are used
for retention.
 larger round burs, in the
slow speed handpiece, are
used for caries excavation.
Round
 used for retention and cavity definition  it comes in a variety of sizes
 used for retention and cavity
definition
 it comes in a variety of sizes from
#33 ½ to #39.
 it has a short head, a broad flat
end that becomes narrower toward
the neck.
 it is used to make smooth pulpal
walls, convergent vertical walls and
to create sharp internal line angles.
 can be used in both low and high
speed handpieces.
Inverted Cone
 Types of accessory retention alternatives to pins (vital teeth) ◦ slots ◦ grooves slot
 Types of accessory retention
alternatives to pins (vital teeth)
◦ slots
◦ grooves
slot
◦ channels (amalpins)
◦ peripheral step (cusp onlay)
instrumentation with 330, 245,
33½-35, ¼, ½ to establish
design (with slow speed FG)
Inverted Cone….
Slots Channels Countersin k channel Inverted Cone…  330 or 33½- 35 bur  330
Slots
Channels
Countersin
k channel
Inverted
Cone…
 330 or 33½- 35 bur
 330 or 245 bur
 Depth of at least 1 mm
into dentin
 At least 0.5 mm away
from enamel
 Depth of at least 1 mm
into dentin
 At least 0.5 mm away
from enamel
 Countersink of occlusal
portion of channel
Inverted Cone…. Placing Gingival Groove/slot with #33 ½ bur
Inverted Cone….
Placing Gingival
Groove/slot with
#33 ½ bur
 this bur comes with both plain and crosscut blades. Crosscuts are little notches perpendicular
 this bur comes with both plain and
crosscut blades. Crosscuts are little
notches perpendicular to the length of the
blade that increase the cutting efficiency
of the blade.
 the burs are referred to either as “plain
straight fissure” burs or “crosscut straight
fissure” burs.
 the bur has a long parallel sided head.
 the sizes range from the #555 to #558
(crosscut) and from #55 to #58 (plain).
 the numbers #1155 to #1158 denote a
plain straight fissure bur with a rounded
end and #’s 1555 to1558 are crosscut.
Straight Fissure
 this bur is used to create divergent wails in a cavity preparation.  it
 this bur is used to create divergent
wails in a cavity preparation.
 it has a tapering head that is wider at
the neck than at the end.
 this bur also comes in both plain and
crosscut versions. The crosscut burs
are numbered from #699 to #703, and
the plain tapered fissure burs are
numbered from #169 to #172.
 the numbers #271 or #272 denote a
round nose.
 these burs are used mainly for cutting
inlay preparations.
Tapered Fissure
 Similar to the inverted cone bur in shape, but it is much rounder and
 Similar to the inverted cone bur in
shape, but it is much rounder and does
not create the sharp angles that are
possible with the inverted cone bur.
 It comes in two styles:
◦ the pear shaped with a length of 1.5 mm.
These are numbered #330 and #331.
◦ The elongated pear shape with a length of
3.0 mm. The primary bur is numbered
#245.
 These burs are used for the majority of
restorative materials because it is
desirable to have slightly rounded
internal line angles rather than sharp.
 Pear shaped burs do not have
crosscuts. They are suitable, however,
for the initial penetration of enamel.
Pear
 these burs have from 12 to 40 flutes.  used for beveling and finishing
 these burs have
from 12 to 40
flutes.
 used for beveling
and finishing
cavity walls, as
well as polishing
and finishing
restorations.
Multi Fluted
 These instruments are not designed to cut, but to abrade large areas  they
 These instruments are not
designed to cut, but to
abrade large areas
 they are used for extensive
tooth reduction. i.e. crown
preparations.
 the finer abrasives are handy
for beveling and finishing
cavity preparations.
Diamond Burs
Football- for Diamond Burs occlusal and lingual (ant) Crown Preps Thin flame or blade- interprox
Football- for
Diamond Burs
occlusal and
lingual (ant)
Crown Preps
Thin flame or blade- interprox
reduction, creates feather margin

Round ended taper-for occlusal, buccal and lingual reduction to create chamfer margin

Finishing Burs- Diamond and Carbide
Finishing Burs- Diamond and Carbide
Thanks! Questions?
Thanks!
Questions?