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Before we go to the Sacrament of Confirmation we must first know what is the

meaning of Sacrament?

From the Latin word sacramentum, a word which denoted the oath of loyalty
sworn by soldiers to their earthly lord, the emperor. It was applied by Tertullian
around 200 AD to the Christian mysteries, by which man adhered to God. It thus
acquired, as a technical term, the same implication as the Greek word mysterion,
mystery, which is used to this day for the sacraments in Eastern Christianity.

Tertullian or Quitus Septimus Florens Tertullianus, c. 155 - c. 240 AD, was a

prolific Christian author from Carthage in the Roman province of Africa. He was
the first Christian author to produce an extensive corpus of Latin Christian


In order to qualify as a sacrament, the Roman Catholic Church states that it must
meet the following three criteria:

a) the external, that is, a sensibly perceptible sign of sanctifying grace;

b) the conferring of sanctifying grace;
c) the institution by God or, more accurately, Jesus Christ.

Thus, sacraments are not merely a symbol, but are believed to actually confer
sanctifying grace upon the recipient. The Roman Catholic Church believes
that all of their seven sacraments were instituted by Christ Himself.

A SACRAMENT is an outward efficacious sign instituted by Christ to give grace.

Jesus Christ himself is The sacrament, as he gave his life to save mankind. His
humanity is the outward sign or the instrument of his Divinity. It is through his
humanity that the life of the Trinity comes to us as grace through the sacraments.
It is Jesus Christ alone who mediates the sacraments to allow grace to flow to

Christ sent the Holy Spirit at Pentecost to inspire his Apostles and his Church to
shepherd his flock after his Ascension into heaven. "As the Father has sent me,
even so I send you" (John 17:18, 20:21). Jesus is the Head of his Body the
Church (Colossians 1:18).
The Church itself is a sacrament instituted by Christ to give grace. Jesus gave us
his Body the Church to continue the works he performed during his earthly life.
Grace given to us through the sacraments will help us lead a good life in this
world and help save us for the Kingdom of Heaven.

The sacraments were instituted by Christ and were part of the Liturgical Tradition
of the early Christian Church. The Church celebrates in her liturgy the Paschal
mystery of Christ, his Sacrifice on the Cross, Death and Resurrection.

SACRAMENT is an outward and visible sign of inward and spiritual grace.

In layman term, CONFIRMATION is a process of supporting a statement by

evidence. Or in our context, the ratification of an executive act by a legislative

In Christian context, CONFIRMATION is a sacrament admitting a baptized

person to full participation in the church.

CONFIRMATION is seen as the sealing of the covenant created in Holy

Baptism. In some denominations, Confirmation also bestows full membership
in a local congregation upon the recipient. In others, such as the Roman Catholic
Church, Confirmation "renders the bond with the Church more perfect", because,
while a baptized person is already a member, "reception of the sacrament of
Confirmation is necessary for the completion of baptismal grace"

The SACRAMENT OF CONFIRMATION Completes Baptism by a new outpouring

of the Holy Spirit and enables the Christian for mission. This was seen at
Pentecost with respect to the apostles. In the early Church it was often
accompanied by charismatic signs, though these are not intrinsic to the

SACRAMENT OF CONFIRMATION is written and was interpreted in the Bible.

"Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to His mercy
He saved us, through the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy
Spirit" -Titus 3:5

Confirmation (or Chrismation) is the Sacrament of the Holy Spirit, the Holy Spirit
whom Christ Jesus sent (John 7:37-39, 16:7). Jesus instructed his Apostles that
"you will receive the power of the Holy Spirit" and called upon the Apostles to be
his "witnesses" to the ends of the earth (Acts 1:8).

At the Pentecost, the Apostles were filled with the Holy Spirit (Acts 2:1-4), and
began to spread the Word of God. The Acts of the Apostles is often called the
Gospel of the Holy Spirit. St. Cyril of Jerusalem wrote of Baptism, Eucharist, and
this sacrament in the mid-fourth century AD.
The rite of Confirmation is anointing the forehead with chrism, together
with the laying on of the minister's hands and the words, "Be sealed with the
Gift of the Holy Spirit." The recipient receives the seven gifts of the

Holy Spirit: wisdom, understanding, counsel, fortitude, knowledge, piety,

and fear of the Lord (Isaiah 11:2-3). On occasion one may receive one or
more of the charismatic gifts of the Spirit (1 Corinthians 12:7-11).

Root us more deeply in divine filiation (being children of God)

Unites us more firmly to Christ
Increases the gifts of the Holy Spirit in us
Strengthens our bond with the Church
Associates us more closely to her mission of bearing witness to
Helps us and more strictly obliges us to spread and defend the
faith by word and deed

The ecclesial effect and sacramental grace of the sacrament give the recipient the
strength and character to witness for Jesus Christ. The East continues the
tradition of the early Christian Church by administering the sacrament with
Baptism. Confirmation in the is administered by the Bishop to children from age
12, but generally to adolescents, for example, to a graduating class of grade
school children.




3. PAIR of SPONSOR (Ninong & Ninang) or WITNESSES

Must be at least 16 years old;
Must be fully initiated in the Catholic Church (Baptized, Confirmed, Holy
Must not be parent/guardian of the adult
If married, marriage must be formally recognized by the Catholic Church.
Is not the spouse or fianc of the intended participant

Confirmation is one of the Sacraments that is not very well understood among
many Catholics. For some, the need for it comes only when the child enrolls in a
Catholic school or when a couple needs the certificate of confirmation upon
application for marriage. But pitifully enough, the need is mostly about the
certificate requisite and not the merit of the sacrament.

Understandably, the lack of knowledge of the sacrament of confirmation, like any

other sacrament, is mainly due to the death of catechesis in most parishes. But
while the parish is the center to catechetical formation, it does not free the
parents, godparents, and lay leaders from the duty of explaining the faith to
others. The Second Plenary Council of the Philippines decreed thus: "Lay faithful
and particularly lay leaders should acquire the knowledge and skills necessary to
defend and explain the faith to others." (Art. 44, #3)

The Catechism of the Catholic Church gives us the notion of Confirmation: "By the
Sacrament of Confirmation, [the Baptized] are more perfectly bound to the
Church and are enriched with a special strength of the Holy Spirit. Hence they are,
witnesses of Christ, more strictly obliged to spread and defend the faith by word
and deed." (CCC No. 1285)

The New Code of Canon Law describes: "The sacrament of Confirmation

strengthens the baptized and obliges them more firmly to be witnesses of Christ
by word and deed and to spread and defend the faith. It imprints a character,
enriches by the gift of the Holy Spirit the baptized continuing on the path of
Christian initiation, and bnds them more perfectly to the Church. (Can. 879)


The matter of the Sacrament of Confirmation is the anointing with Sacred Chrism
(Oil mixed with balsam and consecrated by the bishop during the Holy Chrism
Mass on Holy Thursday), which is done by the laying on of the hand of the
minister. The form of this sacrament is the word pronounced by the minister. "Be
sealed with the gift of the Holy Spirit". It is the practice on the Latin Church that
the anointing is done on the forehead of the confirmands while the sacramental
words are said.

Through the Sacrament of Confirmation we receive seven gifts of the Holy Spirit

1. WISDOM - right sense of God in our lives - first things first

2. UNDERSTANDING - helps in understanding our FAITH

3. COUNSEL - helps us to choose the right human judgement

4. FORTITUDE - Helps us to persevere

5. KNOWLEDGE - Helps us to know how to choose what is helpful and reject

what is harmful.

6. PIETY - Love for GOD, confidence in Him, reverence to Him.

7. FEAR of the LORD - Knowing that God is a just Judge - yes, He is loving and
merciful but He is also just.

FRUITS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT will be yours if you use the gifts of the HOLY
SPIRIT, the external product of the indwelling of the Holy Spirit:

1. CHARITY - unselfish person;

2. PEACE - well adjusted person;
3. JOY - cheerful/pleasant person;
4. PATIENCE - slow to anger, not resentful;
5. KINDNESS/GOODNESS - not self-righteous, stands for what is right even
when it means standing alone;
6. GENEROSITY - no self-pity, uncomplaining in sickness/sorrow
7. FAITHFULNESS - their religion is first in their lives;
8. MODESTY - decent in dress, speech, action, self-control in all you do;
9. CHASTITY - reverence for your own and the sexuality of others;


Every Baptized person who is not yet confirmed, and only such person, is capable
of receiving the confirmation. In order to receive confirmation licitly outside the
danger of death, it is required that a baptized person who has the use of reason
be suitably instructed, properly disposed, and able to renew the baptismal
promises. (Can. 889, S1-2). Likewise, the confirmand must be in a state of grace.
One should receive the sacrament of Penance in order of the cleansed for the gift
of the Holy Spirit. More intense prayer should prepare one to receive the strength
and graces of the Holy Spirit with docility and readiness to act. (CCC 1310)

The ordinary minister of Confirtmation is the bishop. Bishops are the successors
of the apostles and have received the fullness of the Sacrament of Holy Orders.
By administering the Sacrament of Confirmation, Bishops demonstrate clearly
that its effect is to unite those who receive it more closely to the Church, to her
apostolic origins, and to her mission of bearing to witness Christ (CCC 1313).


What are the Meanings of the signs and rite of the Sacrament of

The Sacrament of Confirmation is conferred through the anointing with

chrism on the forehead, which is done by the laying on of the hand, and

The whole rite presents a two-fold symbolism. The laying of hands on the
candidates by the bishop represents the biblical gesture by which the gift of the
Holy Spirit is invoked and in a manner well suited to the understanding of the
Christian people.

The anointing with chrism and the accompanying words express clearly the effect
of the giving of the Holy Spirit. Signed with the perfumed oil, the baptized receive
the indelible character, the seal of the Lord, together with the gift of the Spirit
that conforms them more closely to Christ and gives them the grace of spreading
"the sweet odor of Christ". (CCC 1293)

Oil is a sign of abundance and joy; it cleanses and limbers. Oil is a sign of
healing since it is soothing to bruises and wounds; and it makes radiant with
beauty, health and strength. By this anointing the confirmand receives the
"mark," the seal of the Holy Spirit.

How is the SACRAMENT OF CONFIRMATION celebrated?

As a rule, Confirmation takes place within Mass in order that the fundamental
connection of this sacrament with all of Christian initiation may stand out
in clearer light. Christian initiation reaches its culmination in the communion of
the body and blood of Christ. The newly confirmed therefore participates in the
Eucharist, which completes their Christian initiation.
FAQs of the Sacrament of Confirmation

1. Is Confirmation necessary for salvation?

Confirmation is not actually necessary for the baptized to be saved. Neither it is

certain whether it is necessary by strict precept. However, there is no doubt that
Confirmation is very advantageous for the growth of Christian life and completing
the work of salvation. Otherwise, Christ would not have instituted it.

2. Can we receive CONFIRMATION more than once?

Confirmation, like Baptism, imprints a spiritual mark or indelible character on the

Christian soul; for this reason one can receive this sacrament only once. (CCC no.

3. How does a Candidate for Confirmation prepare for the Reception of

this Sacrament?

To receive the Sacrament of Confirmation worthily, one must be in a state of

grace. One should receive the sacrament of Penance in order to be cleansed for
the gift of the Holy Spirit. More intense prayer should prepare one to receive the
strength and graces of the Holy Spirit with docility and readiness to act. (CCC

- Must freely choose to be confirmed and make their desire known;

- Must be in the state of grace;
- Must have adequate knowledge of the Catholic faith & have participated in
required catechetical sessions;
- Must be practicing their faith;
- Should regularly attend Mass and receive the Sacraments of Eucharist and
- Must be aware of the initiation aspect of the Sacrament of Confirmation and be
committed to continuing the faithful practice and study of their religion;
- Must be willing to participate in the Confirmation program of prayer, retreat,
communal celebration of the Sacrament of Reconciliation.

4. What are the ROLES of Sponsor in Confirmation?

The sponsor is to take care that the confirmed person behaves as a true witness
of Christ and faithfully fulfills the obligations inherent in this sacrament. Sponsor
must support the person to be confirmed in their commitment to a Christian life.
5. What basic Teachings of the Church and Prayers are the Candidates
expected to know before receiving Confirmation?

A. The 10 Commandments
B. The Seven Sacraments
C. The Seven Gifts and the Twelve Fruits of the Holy Spirt
(Provided Above)

D. The Beatitudes

D1. Blessed are the poor in spirit; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven
D2. Blessed are the meek; for they shall possess the land.
D3. Blessed are they who mourn; for they shall be comforted.
D4. Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after justice; for they shall have
Their fill.
D5. Blessed are the merciful; for they shall obtain mercy.
D6. Blessed are the clean of heart; for they shall see God.
D7. Blessed are the peacemakers; for they shall be called the children of God.
D8. Blessed are they that suffer persecution for justice' sake, for theirs is
the kingdom of heaven.

E. Seven Corporal Works of Mercy

E1. Feed the Hungry

E2. Give drink to the thirsty
E3. Clothe the naked
E4. Shelter the homeless
E5. Visit the sick
E6. Visit the imprisoned.
E7. Bury the dead

F. Seven Spiritual Works of Mercy

F1. To instruct the ignorant;

F2. To counsel the doubtful;
F3. To admonish sinners;
F4. To bear wrongs patiently;
F5. To forgive offenses willingly;
F6. To comfort the afflicted;
F7. To pray of the living and the dead.

G. Prayers that Candidates Should Know by Heart

- The Lord's Prayer

- The Hail Mary
- The Apostle's Creed
- Glory be to the Father
- An Act of Contrition