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Lets draft a Green Yangon!

Participatory Conference on Yangons Future


30th January 2015,City Hall, Yangon

Yangons Master Plan:


What will Yangon look like in 2030?

Dr Toe Aung
Director of Urban Planning Division
Yangon City Development Committee
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

9000000

Population Projection in Yangon City by 3 Scenarios 8757993

8500000

8000000
7855200

7691363
7613753
7500000

7088719
7000000
6924668 2.40%
6754637 2.60%
3.30%
6500000
6397029
6297949

6000000
5931995

5772832
5727951

5500000

5209541

5000000
2014 2018 2022 2026 2030
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

THE STRATEGIC URBAN DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF THE GREATER YANGON


DEVELOPMENT VISIONS

Development vision
focuses on the peaceful
and beloved Yangon as a
central concept.
Rich environment with
plenty of greenery as well
as the golden light of
Shwe Dagon Pagoda is to
present the image of
Future Yangon.

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YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

Sub-centre with Green Isle System

Aims at decentralizing urban


center.
Sub-centers will be created
around 10-15 km radius area from
CBD.
Controls urban expansion by
creating outer green belt.
Outer ring road will be provided.
Future urbanization along the
outer ring road in the next step of
development of the sub-centers
growth belt will be promoted
namely Outer Ring Growth Belt.

Source: SUDP
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

Urban Function Industrial Function


YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

Green and Water Function Logistics Network


YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

Road Network Railway Network


YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE
Priority Programs
Title Outline No. of Estimated Costs
Projects (million US $)
1. Urban Development and Management 11 747.60
Urban
Development 2. Social Service 3 20.00
and 3. Urban Landscape and Management 5 15.20
Management 4. Public Parks and Greenery 2 30.80
5. Capacity Development 5 18.00
1. Urban Transport 21 747.00
2. Road Network 5 236.00

Urban 3. Railway 5 603.00


Infrastructure 4. Port and Logistics 6 513.00
Development 5. Water Supply 6 780.00
6. Sewerage and Drainage 2 109.60
7. Solid Waste Management 5 481.00
8. Telecommunication 1 276.00
Total 77 4577.20
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

Greening Urban Sectors


Transport
Buildings
Energy
Vegetation and Landscape
Water
Food
Waste
Infrastructure and Digital Technology
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE
Transit Oriented Development

Development Policy

Utilize workshop area for


development
Introduce following facilities;
business offices,
commercial facilities
residential apartments,
park & ride facility
Integrate Inter-modal facilities
(Railway, BRT, Feeder Bus,
Taxi, Car)
Connect buildings by
pedestrian deck
Separate pedestrians and
vehicles
Introduce enough green space
inside development area

Source: YUTRA Project Team


YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE
Major Processes of Green Building

Use of solar photovoltaic panels


ACTIVE Wind energy
Wave energy
PROCESS Use of solar energy

Use of Thick wall


High ceiling
Skylights
Landscaping elements
PASSIVE Balconies
Rain water harvesting
PROCESS Installation of sewage treatment
Use of natural materials
Use of local materials
Use of recycled materials
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

Proposal for cases of Allowing Special Plots

Source: SUDP
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE
Concept of Compartmentalization of Low-lying Delta Areas

Source: SUDP
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE
Proposed Layout of Communities

Source: SUDP
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE
Proposed Layout of District Parks and Pocket Parks

Source: SUDP
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE
Basic Idea for Construction of New Public Parks

Source: SUDP
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

Greenery Guideline for Private Properties

Source: SUDP
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE
Disaster Risk Reduction

According to Maplecrofts Climate


Change Vulnerability Index (CCVI),
classifies seven cities including
Yangon ranks 4th as extreme risk,
out of a list of 50 that were chosen
from the changing temperatures
and weather systems.

Waste management
Health, Sanitation and Hygiene
Land Use Planning and Control
Housing and Infrastructure Development
Road and Transport System
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE
Environmental Friendly: Solid Waste Management
Analysis of Waste Composition

Paper and Cardboard Recycling

Plastic Recycling

Green Composting

Proposed 800 ton/day Proposed 600 ton/day


Bio-gas to Electricity Incineration Plant
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE
Environmental Friendly: Sewerage Treatment

Current Sewerage Treatment System

Future Sewerage Zoning Plan in 2040


YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

Creation of
Public Spaces

Kandawgyi Lake Inya Lake

Mahabandoola Park

Old Water Front River Front Potential Economically Efficiency Public Necessity
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE
Conservation of Yangons Urban Built Heritage
Diverse aspects of the urban spaces where different religious monuments
and historic buildings of different ages are gathered in one place in the CBD.
For the improvement of the city, together with the conservation of the
buildings, it is effective to convert their usages into another new context
that will be utilized by the citizens.
In order for tourists or citizens to enjoy these attractive urban spaces, it is
recommended to develop attractive and comfortable urban spaces with high
quality design.
It is effective to form attractive urban spaces in both day and night. Together
with intangible activities such as cultural policy, invitation for the attractive
events, development of tourist routes, etc, multilateral measures will be
required for the development of tourism.
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

Cleansing the water body with Aquamarine

Inya Lake Kandawgyi Lake


YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE
Water Quality Monitoring
Baganlone WHO
No Parameter Posein Rd. Dolphin
Kyun Guideline
1 pH 9.45 9.02 9.89 6.5 to 8.5
2 TDS(mg/l) 79.8 78.2 81 500
3 EC(S/cm) 159 156 164 1000
4 Total Hardness (mg/l) 520 600 440 150 to 500
5 Fe(mg/l) 1.81 0.18 0.18 0.3 to 1
6 Total Alkalinity (mg/l) 60 120 80 < 30 mg/l
7 Ca (mg/l) 64 48 48 250
8 Mg (mg/l) 86.4 115.2 76.8 150
9 CO3 Nil Nil Nil -
10 HCO3 60 120 80 -
11 Cl (mg/l) 230 160 220 250
12 Salinity 0.08 0.08 0.08 -
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

Solar Panel Installation Removes Sediment by using Dredger

Removing Algae by Bio-augmentation Skum-skinner


YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

Installation of Water Fountains, Ultrasonic and Solar Panels in Kandawgyi Lake

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YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE
Waste to Energy Project in Htein Bin-Hlaingtharyar

Overview Landfill

Power Generating Block Control Tower


CHASSON INTERNATIONAL CO.,LTD
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE
Waste to Energy Project in Htawe Chaung

Overview

Process Flow Diagram

Waste Reception and Preparation System Proposed Work Areas


YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

Environmental Protection and Sustainable Development:


Building Local Capacities on Solid Waste Management in Myanmar

Strengthening institutional and technical capacities of Local Actors on


environment quality management
Developing an information system for SWM in Yangon
Increasing community awareness on best practices of SWM
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

National Focal Point in AWGESC since 2006


Achieved the 3rd ASEAN ESC Award on the
efforts of pollution control
Air Pollution Management Training and
installation of Air Quality Monitoring System
in collaboration with GIZ
Water Quality Inspection of domestic use
water from reservoirs, industrial waste water
and improvements in cleansing the main
water bodies
Increased the capacity and capabilities in
waste collection, provide 283 waste
collection vehicles, and garbage bins
Incineration Plants in Htein-pin and
Daweigyaung sites for waste to energy
process
Preparation of SSIPs in Final Disposal Sites
EU funded project on Environmental
Protection and Sustainable Development:
Building Local Capacities on SWM
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

Future Urban Structure


and Land Use of
Greater Yangon

Source: SUDP
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

Future CBD
Development
Plan
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

Future Yangon North-East Region


Development Plan
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

Benefits for Greening Cities


Economic Benefits
Agglomeration Economies
Lower Infrastructure and Operating Costs
Reduced Congestion Costs
Social Benefits
Job Creation
Poverty Reduction and Social Equity
Improvement in Quality of Life
Environmental and Health Benefits
Reducing Pollution and Improving Public Health
Ecosystem Services and Risk Reduction
YANGON CITY DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE

Thank you for your kin


More info: toeaungteza16@gmail.com