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The voltage and current signals that are sensed are fed to the

Simulink-based controller using the ports ADCH 5 and ADCH

6 respectively on the DS1104 board. These signals are
multiplied by appropriate gains in order to account for the
gains of the sensors and the dSPACE board. The gains
obtained for and measurements are 20 and -200
respectively. The gate pulses generated for MOSFET 1 of the
SEPIC converter for MPPT operation are obtained through the
port DACH 7 on the DS1104 board and are shown in Fig. 6.
C. SV-PWM Inverter
The dc output obtained from the renewable energy
sources needs to be converted to an ac voltage before being
fed to the load. A three-phase inverter is generally used in
order to achieve this goal. Pulse width modulation (PWM)
techniques are used to get an ac voltage with a low harmonic
distortion. Sine PWM is common and gives a sinusoidal
Fig. 6 Gate Signal for MOSFET output. In our case, the scheme implemented is space vector
PWM (SV-PWM). The advantage of using SV-PWM over the
measurements are carried out in a similar manner as in [4] Sine PWM is better utilization of the input dc link voltage.
using the single switch ( 1 ). This scheme reduces the number SV-PWM fully utilizes the available dc voltage and results in
of switches used in the PV circuit compared to the work in [3]. an ac output which is almost 15.47% higher than that achieved
But since a solitary switch is employed in the overall circuit, with Sine PWM. In other words, for a specific output voltage
normal PWM signals to the switch needs to be stopped for level, the dc link can be about 15% lower resulting in lower
measurement purposes for a period of 2300μs during every battery capacity. The duty ratios for three phases are generated
cycle of 800ms. A duration of 800μs is allotted for following the equations as given in [7]
measurement and another duration of 1500μs is used for + + (8)
measurement within the interval of 800ms. The durations of
the two measurement periods and the interval between them + + (9)
are chosen appropriately in order to attain accurate
+ + (10)
measurements under steady state. The measurement is
done using a potential divider arrangement using resistances 1 where,
−0.5 max , , + min , , . (11)
and 2 , each of which has a value of 1 MΩ while
measurement is carried out using the sensing resistance ( 1 ).

NOT Convert DAC

Logical Data Type Conversion DS1104DAC_C4


>= Convert DAC
Gain1 Relational Data Type Conversion1 DS1104DAC_C1

Data Type Conversion2 DS1104DAC_C3

min -.5
Va 0.1
>= Convert DAC
Min Gain
Divide1 Gain2
Vb NOT Convert DAC

max Logical Data Type Conversion3 DS1104DAC_C6

Vc 0.1
>= Convert DAC
Gain3 Relational Data Type Conversion5 DS1104DAC_C5

12.5 Constant NOT Convert DAC

Vd Logical Data Type Conversion4 DS1104DAC_C2

Repeating Operator2

Fig. 7 Simulink Model for SV-PWM Pulse Generation