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UNIVERSITY OF SAN AGUSTIN

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND ARCHITECTURE


DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITETURE

Chapter 1

ILOILO HALL OF JUSTICE

A Hall of Justice in other countries, it is an occasional term for a city's police

headquarters, and exists in cities. In some cases, the facility may also house courts as well

as jails. The existence of a Hall of Justice is not a necessity, so much so that it shall have

to be located at the very accessible area and not far from the city limits. However, not

only does the location matter but also the building itself. It shall have a best design, inside

and out, that will best serve its purpose. A perfect package, that will mark the excellence

of the city.

One of the example is the U.S. Federal Courthouse in Jackson, Mississippi was

intended to replace the original 1930s-era James O. Eastland U.S. Courthouse. A stark

contrast to its Art Deco predecessor, the new facility houses twelve courtrooms and

sixteen judges chambers, Jacksons stunning new courthouse received the 2012 Region 4

Phoenix Award at the 15th National Brownfields Conference. And the United States

Federal Courthouse in Bakersfield a 35,500-square-foot, one-courtroom structure is

sensitively sited in Bakersfields only downtown park, creating a modern interpretation of

the quintessential one-room courthouse on the village green. It is designed to deliver a

high-performance home for the Magistrate Court. Three critical concepts drove the

projects design: symbolic expression of the federal courtscommunicating the dignity

and value of the rule of law by using precedents from the iconic symbols of historic

American courthouse traditions; and high-performance building designelevating the

human experience and delivering strategies that add value by significantly reducing.

(http://www.aia.org/aiaucmp/groups/ek_public/documents/pdf/aiap072840.pdf))
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COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND ARCHITECTURE
DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITETURE

Iloilo City is a first class, highly urbanized city on Panay Island in the Philippines. It is

the capital city of the province of Iloilo and it is the center of Metro Iloilo and also the

regional center of the Western Visayas region as well as the center of the Iloilo-Guimaras

Metropolitan Area.

The existing Iloilo City Hall of Justice was constructed in 1992, located in

Bonifacio Drive, City Proper Iloilo City and is very accessible to the main road.

It houses all regional and municipal trial court here in Iloilo. It also houses PAO

and Philippine Mediation Center, the building was retrofitted due to damage from the Feb.

6 earthquake that hit parts of the Visayas. The scope of work includes retrofitting of

columns, damage beams, epoxy injection, footing, wall footing and slabs, water proofing

for roof deck and painting the exterior and interior walls of the building.

The objectives of this study are 1) to study the existing building and plans and

learn how to improve the amenities and spaces of the building. 2) To integrate possible

court spaces to hasten court proceedings catering the needs of the present 3) To Design a

building extension within the Hall of Justice Site that can accommodate all the spaces and

the needs of the employees and the end users.

The significance of the study 1) To the users, the study can help them experience

comfort and satisfaction of the services of the building if such study will come into

realization;2) To The Government, this study will improve its services as it and bring an

innovative approach in establishing courthouses that will serve its purpose in delivering
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the best services to the city; 3) To the architectural profession enhance more of their

knowledge upon current situation and developments of the Iloilo Hall of Justice.

The study was conducted at the present site of Iloilo Hall of Justice, Philippine

Red Cross, and Registry of Deeds. The scope of this study focuses on preliminary

research- gathered information and conceptualization; it also includes design

considerations, and solution to design problems. Furthermore, it contains lay-out of

existing plan, pictures of facilities and maps. Generally, it assesses clearly the existing

needs and problems of a present Hall of Justice on the current situation and needs of the

city of Iloilo.
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Chapter 2

A Hall of Justice is a facility that house courts as well as jails. The existence of a

Hall of Justice is not a necessity, so much so that it shall have to be located at the very

accessible area and not far from the city limits. However, not only does the location

matter but also the building itself. It shall have a best design, inside and out, that will best

serve its purpose.

The building has to serve its purpose, and so creating a Hall of Justice that will

withstand the longest period of wear and tear principle. Hosting the major and primary

office of the locality, with comfort and ease is one of the essential factors in delivering its

services. It is a common knowledge as its function of bringing conclusions to all cases

concerning the socio-economic and political aspect of the community where it exists.
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2.1 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1.1 Supreme Court of the Philippines, Manila

The Supreme Court of the Philippines was officially established on June 11, 1901

through the passage of Act No. 136, otherwise known as the Judiciary Law of the Second

Philippine Commission. By virtue of that law, judicial power in the Philippine Islands

was vested in the Supreme Court, Courts of First Instance and Justice of the Peace courts.

Other courts were subsequently established.

The judicial structure introduced by Act No. 136 was reaffirmed by the US

Congress with the passage of the Philippine Bill of 1902. The Administrative Code of

1917 ordained the Supreme Court as the highest tribunal with nine members: a Chief

Justice and eight Associate Justices.

From 1901 to 1935, though a Filipino was always appointed chief justice, the

majority of the members of the Supreme Court were Americans. Complete Filipinization
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was achieved only with the establishment of the Commonwealth of the Philippines in

1935. Claro M. Recto and Jose P. Laurel were among the first appointees to replace the

American justices. With the ratification of the 1935 Constitution in a plebiscite held on

May 14, 1935, the membership in the Supreme Court increased to 11: a chief justice and

ten associate justices, who sat in branch or in two divisions of five members each.

The atrium showing the rotunda dome. The State Supreme Court
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2.1.2 Courthouse Extension / Enrique Bardaj & Asociados

The Judicial Shared Services Building is in Ponferrada next to the Sil riverside

park. It is an independent building but designed as an extension to the existing courthouse

which, together with two cultural and National Police Force buildings, complete the

block and restrict the entry of light into the extension. It is developed on four storeys

above ground level, together with a semi-basement and basement. Although the extension

built has an independent access, security measures have made it essential to design a

large shared entrance hall for the two buildings linking them physically and visually on

the ground floor and providing a connection using a closed bridge-gallery.

The difficulties in terms of sunlight presented by the site and the special climate

of Ponferrada, together with the need to illuminate all floors of the court offices, have

conditioned the choice of a glass wall for the whole envelope of the building except for

the southern facade.

To mitigate this circumstance, a double glass skin was chosen, separating and

opening up on the semi-basement and ground floors to generating a greenhouse in the


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shade of these floors. This element is the true heart and climatic lung of the building. The

flows of cool, damp air in summer and hot, temperate air in winter generated by this

space make it possible to establish air circulation inside the double skin to improve the

climatic conditions of the building as a whole.

The rest of the materials used on the facade (ochre granite on the south of the

building and aluminum panels on the east and north facades) not only makes it a

representative public building, it also allows a simple, continuous compositional interplay

of clear volumes and organized appearance providing mobility, in which the interplay of

light and shade strengthens the general composition.

http://www.archdaily.com/775885/extension-to-the-courthouse-enrique-bardaji-and-

asociados
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2.1.3 CROSS SECTION OF NEW BUILDING

NEW BUILDING HALL WAYS

BRIDGE COURTROOM
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OFFICES

BASEMENT

The extension building has use the whole basement as file room to secure it well
so that no one can easily enter and only employees can enter it.

SEMI BASEMENT

The semi basement is occupied by 1 court room and offices.


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GROUND FLOOR

Same with the semi basement, they provide courtroom and offices for this level
and a bridge connecting to the old building.

SECOND FLOOR PLAN

This floor level is consist of offices and a small file room for the important files of
their offices.
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THIRD FLOOR PLAN

Third floor is consist of offices and a small file room for the offices files. It also
has the bridge connecting to the old building and a stairs for fourth floor.

FOURT FLOOR PLAN

Same with the other floors they provided offices in this level and added a
conference room.
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2.1.4 Jerusalem District Courthouse

From the architects. Since early civilization, the history of the courthouse and the

city intertwine. The courthouse has always been an important urban artifact, both in

Roman cities and in the Jewish tradition. This is also the case with the New Courthouse

in Jerusalem.

The Courthouse is composed of 2 main parts: the plinth containing the

communal public functions, and the different courthouse buildings stemming from it.

The plinth forms a continuous faade to the street and creates a sense of

transparency. It contains the main entrance and the communal public functions

(secretaries of the different courts, library, cafeteria etc) and integrates the courthouse

into the city. Above it the various courthouses grow. It is characterized by a clear

circulation scheme which leads to easy orientation and a sense of place. The different

functions are organized around a central street, penetrated by a spacious void that

connects the three plinth levels and the vertical circulation systems are located in a
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prominent location creating a feeling that the building is welcoming, clear and not

threatening.

The courthouses are articulated as separated buildings growing from the plinth,

corresponding to the brief that called for such a division. Each court has its own identity,

while still being part of the whole, the city of justice. The division also allows the project

to be executed in phases.

The New Jerusalem Courthouse integrates into the Jerusalem context and to the

New Masterplan for the entrance quarter to the city. The delicate balance between the

building blocks challenges the monolithic image of justice and creates an iconic

building on one hand and human scale and a modest image on the other.

BUILDING FOOTPRIN
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FAADE OF THE BUILDING


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COURTROOMS

HALLWAYS
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GROUND FLOOR PLAN

CROSS SECTION OF THE BUILDING

http://www.archdaily.com/522555/winner-announced-for-design-of-jerualem-district-

courthouse
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2.1.5 BR ONX COUNTY HALL OF JUSTICE

The glass curtain walls create two front-to-back architectural expressions,

separate yet harmonious. These glass walls are elegant in their luminosity and play with

sunlight. The building is complex, yet all spaces relate well to one another, generating the

feel of simplicity. The public areas are particularly dramatic. The placement of the jury

rooms immediately on the entry area impressed the jury. It expresses respect for and

celebration of this critical facet of citizenship. The buildings relationship to the well-

designed plaza also impressed the jury.

The image of the courthouse in society was of primary concern in the design of

the building. The program is organized in a linear manner around an open civic space and

layered from public to private, with the public circulation, animated by a series of

cantilevered stairs, facing the open space. Within the courtyard sets a free-standing public

building that serves as the jury assembly room, gives scale to the space, and is the

symbolic as well as formal focus of the project. The exterior wall design responds to the

various functions within and orientations of the building. The curtain wall facing the
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south and west takes the shape of a folded plane with integrated light shelves that reflect

light into the courtrooms and shade the adjacent corridor. The intent is to express the

building as open and inviting, a metaphor for the transparency of the judicial process.

(http://www.aia.org/aiaucmp/groups/ek_public/documents/pdf/aiap072840.pdf)
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Site Development PlanCourtroom ground Floor Plan

GROUND FLOOR PLAN


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BUILDING HALLWAYS

Building Section through Courtrooms


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2.1.6 U.S. FEDERAL COURTHOUSE, JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI

Designed by H3 Hardy Collaboration Architecture, the U.S. Federal Courthouse in

Jackson, Mississippi was intended to replace the original 1930s-era James O. Eastland U.S.

Courthouse. A stark contrast to its Art Deco predecessor, the new facility houses twelve

courtrooms and sixteen judges chambers, and was created under the GSA Design Excellence

Program. The 400,000 square foot courthouse consists of three distinct pieces featuring an open

air rotunda surrounded by two large six-story volumes. Jacksons stunning new courthouse

received the 2012 Region 4 Phoenix Award at the 15th National Brownfields Conference. (United

States Courthouse by: Jackson, Mississippi)


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U.S. FEDERAL COURTHOUSE


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FLOOR PLAN

COURT ROOM INTERIOR, Hall way


EXTERIOR
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INTERIOR, Hall way


2.1.7 VILLAGE GREEN COURTHOUSE (UNITED STATES FEDERAL COURTHOUSE)
BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA

Completed in 2012, the United States Federal Courthouse in Bakersfield (tentatively

named the Village Green Courthouse) overlooks the Mill Creek Park and stands as a modern

landmark to traditional courthouse architecture. Designed by NBBJ Architects, the facility has

been awarded multiple citations including an ENR California Award of Merit, and GSA Design

Award Citation, and numerous recognitions from the AIA Justice Facilities Review. The

sophisticated glass structure has also received LEED Gold certification from the U.S. Green

Building Council. Intended to pay homage to the long established courthouse on the village

green, a tenet of American design, the courthouse also nods to Californias modernist

architectural history through its use of clean lines and glass.


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The 35,500-square-foot, one-courtroom structure is sensitively sited in Bakersfields only

downtown park, creating a modern interpretation of the quintessential one-room courthouse on

the village green.

Three critical concepts drove the projects design: symbolic expression of the federal

courtscommunicating the dignity and value of the rule of law by using precedents from the

iconic symbols of historic American courthouse traditions; regional placemaking designing an

indoor-outdoor relationship that celebrates the light, landscapes, and tectonic traditions of Irving

Gill and Rudolph Schindler, icons of the modernist architectural history of California; and high-

performance building designelevating the human experience and delivering strategies that add

value by significantly reducing. (http://www.archdaily.com/217056/united-states-federal-

courthouse-h3-hardy-collaboration-architecture/5005f49828ba0d0779002549-united-states-

federal-courthouse-h3-hardy-collaboration-architecture-plan)
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2.2 Ramon Q. Avancea Hall of Justice

The Iloilo City Hall of Justice was constructed in 1992, located in Bonifacio Drive, City

Proper Iloilo City. It houses all regional and municipal trial court here in Iloilo compose of 470

employees. It also houses PAO and Philippine Mediation Center which is compose of more or

less 130 employees. There are 1,200 up to1, 500 people who visits the building but the number of

visitors depends on the court hearings designated per day.

The building was retrofitted due to damage from the Feb. 6 earthquake that hit parts of

the Visayas. The scope of work includes retrofitting of columns, damage beams, epoxy injection,

footing, wall footing and slabs, water proofing for roof deck and painting the exterior and interior

walls of the building.


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Parking inside the facility

The public parking.

The building has an overhang in its faade that serves as cover to the entry porch of the

building. The building provided a ramp for PWDs in both side of the main entrance. Aside from

that it has drop off in front for easy access. It has a light well for the natural light penetrates into

the building.
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The building has a facility in case of fire, but some of them are missing already though the fire
hydrant and the sprinkler is functioning well.

The building also uses big windows at the hallways for the natural lighting and ventilation. It has

a light well in staircases for extra light. The elevator is located at the lobby for easy access in

every other floor.

STAIRS ELEVATOR
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ELEVATOR PLAN
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GROUND FLOOR PLAN

This floor level is consisted of branches 1-4 and branch 38, RTCC clerk of court, RTCC

records room, MTCC, chapel, 4 small records room, 2 vaults, 1 small holding cell, conference

room, maintenance room, canteen, 4 stairs, elevator, restroom, pump room, generator set room

and 2 fire exits. This floor level is compose of 120 employees in all.

Vaults and generator set room are not used because they dont have generators. Multi-

purpose cooperative room is use as their stock room.


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SECOND FLOOR PLAN

Second floor is consist of City prosecutors office, Provincial prosecutors office, and also

consist of 8 branches and courtrooms. branches 22-29, 10 records room, 4stairs, elevator, rest

room, and generator set room.

There are 170 employees in this floor level. As you can see this floor area is consist of 8
courtroom and prosecutors offices giving each offices and court rooms a small space to occupy.
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THIRD FLOOR PLAN

This floor level is consist of Public Attorneys offce, branches 30-39, 10 records room, 4

stairs, elevator, rest room, and generator set room and consist of 180 employees.

Same as the second floor levels this floor is consist of 10 courtrooms and Public

Attorneys office which gives them an limited spaces for each offices.
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ROOF DECK PLAN

Roof deck is consist of city administrator, regional parole and probation office,

PAO regional office, Parole probation office, Regional state prosecutor office, staff

regional state prosecutors office, prosecutors office, conference room, 1 records room, 2

stairs, elevator. And generator set room. Consist of 30 employees.


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HALL OF JUSTICE MAIN BUILDING


FLOOR LEVEL SPACES ESTIMATRD NO.
OF EMPLOYEES
Branches 1-4 and Branch 38,
RTCC clerk of court, RTCC
records room, MTCC, chapel, 4
small records room, 2 vaults, 1
GROUND FLOOR small holding cell, conference There are 120
room, maintenance room, employees
canteen, 4 stairs, elevator,
restroom, pump room,
generator set room and 2 fire
exits.
City prosecutors office,
Provincial prosecutors office,
Public Attorneys Office, and
also consists of 8 branches and There are 170
SECOND FLOOR courtrooms. Branches 22-29, employees in this
10 records room, 4stairs, floor level.
elevator, rest room, and
generator set room.
Public Attorneys office,
THIRD FLOOR branches 30-39, 10 records There are 180
room, 4 stairs, elevator, rest employees in this
room, and generator set room floor level.
city administrator, regional
parole and probation office,
PAO regional office, Parole
probation office, Regional state There are 30
ROOF DECK prosecutor office, staff regional employees in this
state prosecutors office, floor level.
prosecutors office, conference
room, 1 records room, 2 stairs,
elevator. And generator set
room.

HALL OF JUSTICE ANNEX BUILDING


FLOOR LEVEL SPACES ESTIMATED NO. OF
EMPLOYEES
GROUND FLOOR Branches 5, 6, and 7. There are 50 employees in
this floor level.
SECOND FLOOR Branches 8, 9, and 10. There are 50 employees in
this floor level.
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GROUND FLOOR PLAN, ANNEX BUILDING

Ground level of annex building is consisting of branches 5-7 giving each court a small space.

SECOND FLOOR PLAN, ANNEX BUILDING

Same as the ground floor, second floor of the annex building is consisting of branches 8-10.
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The lot of Iloilo Hall of Justice extends to the Philippine Red Cross, the vacant lot next

to it and the Registry of Deeds.


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2.3 Registry of Deeds

Registry of Deeds is a two-storey structure composes of Provincial and City

Registry of Deeds. Its ground floor is occupied with offices and a releasing area, upper

floor is occupied by their file room which only employees can access.

EXISTING FACILITIES

OFFICES RELEASING AREA

FILE ROOM
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2.4 Philippine Red Cross

Philippine Red Cross is a 350sqm lot and a 3-storey building composes of blood

bank on the ground level, offices on the second floor level and a training area and the

third floor level of the building.

CASHIER CHAPTER ADMINISTRARTOR OFFICES


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Chapter 3

METHODOLOGY

The discriptive research method will be conducted in order to determine the needs

of Iloilo to have a redevelopment and extension of Hall Of Justice. In order to meet the

goals, prelimenary investigations were conducted through interviews and consultations

with field professionals and government ofiices regarding the existing situation of the

research locale.

Survey and interviews from identified repondents will be conducted which is

necessary in the esearch.This study also considered the views of users and the local

government to such developments.

To ensure the viability of the study, the respondents will be the the one who will

be using the said proposed structure: a) the judicail government employee, complainant

and the defendant b) the Local Government Units


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3.1 Conceptual Framework

PROBLEM
Redevelopment of Hall
of Justice

INTERVIEWS SURVEYS LIBRARY


GOVERNMENT
Behavioral Pattern,
DPWH, Hall of Justice, Engineer, Architect Existing Casa Real Library,
City Library, Assessors and Govenment Facilities/Amenities University of San
Office, Bearue of Lands, Employees. and Proposed Agustin Library
Philippne Red cross, Facilities/Amenities
Registry of Deeds

DOCUMENTATION
Taking Pictures and
Drawing/Sketches

ANALYSIS
Climatic, Behavioral,
S.W.O.T, Site and
Zoning and Circulation

PRELIMINARY
DELIBERATION

Book Defense