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Mechanics for 1st year students Mechanical departement - By : Eng.

YOUNIS FAKHER - 15 -
2 The moment of a certain force ( F )
is ( 180 N.m ) clockwise about ( O )
and ( 90 N . m ) counterclockwise
about ( B ) , if it's moment about ( A )
is zero , Determine the force ?

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4- 5-

Free body diagram


Free body diagram : is a sketch to show all the forces and reactions acting on the body
For example :

The free body diagram includes external forces applied to the body and external reaction
forces resulting from the method of supporting the body.
Mechanics for 1st year students Mechanical departement - By : Eng. YOUNIS FAKHER - 16 -
Mechanics for 1st year students Mechanical departement - By : Eng. YOUNIS FAKHER - 17 -
Free body diagram and the mechanical effects

The name of the body The effect of the body Free-body diagram

Earth

Flixible cables
And ropes

Cantilever beam

Smooth surface

Rollers , balls , cylinders

Smooth pins
Mechanics for 1st year students Mechanical departement - By : Eng. YOUNIS FAKHER - 18 -
Ex ( 1 ) :
Draw Free body diagram for Solution
the 50 N sphare shown in fig.

Ex ( 2 ) :
Draw Free body diagram for Solution
the 50 N sphare shown in fig.

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Ex ( 3 ) :
Draw Free body diagram for Solution
the ropes system shown in fig.