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Act Four

1. Witch 2 says, "By the pricking of my thumb, Something wicked this way comes." Who comes?

Macbeth. This line is an allusion to the growing wickedness of Macbeth.

2. What is Macbeth's attitude towards the witches this time?

Macbeth is extremely demanding and demoralising, and again the witches grovel at his feet. This is a
faade though, for the key drive of this madness is from them.

3. What four things did the witches show Macbeth? What does each show/say? What is Macbeth's

The show him four visions. Three small apparitions firstly: the first, an armed head that warns him to fear
Macduff; the second, a bloody child who warns him that none of a woman born will kill Macduff,
assuring him that he will not kill Macduff; and the third, a crowned child with a tree in its hand, telling of
the fact that the coming kings will come from the line of Banquo. The final vision is a procession of 8 kings,
who are followed by Banquo, a precursory allusion to the incoming notion made by the third apparition.
Macbeth denies each telling, for he believes that he has vanquished all who stood in his way and is now

4. Macbeth says (about the witches), "Infected be the air whereon they ride, And damned all those
that trust them!" What is Macbeth, in effect, saying about himself?

Macbeth is announcing this due to him believing that it was the witches that have corrupted him and lead
him to become mad. He is accepting this fate, but seeks not to believe it at first, and curses them.

5. Where is Macduff?

Macduff is fleeing to England. Macbeth is leered at this thought and seeks to destroy them once and for
all, to prove the witches wrong.

6. Why does Macbeth have Macduff's family and servants killed?

Macduff does not trust Macbeth, and in anger, Macbeth orders for Macduffs family to be killed by the
two Murderers.

7. Why does Lady Macduff's son say liars and swearers are fools?

He states that there are a larger ratio of these than honest folk and that they should remove the honest
people due to them ruining plans of the people who are liars and swearers.

8. Malcolm says, "Angels are bright still, though the brightest fell. Though all things foul would wear
the brows of grace, Yet grace must still look so." What does that mean?

Malcolm is alluding to the image of the devil being the brightest image, but soon the lightest became the
darkest and soon the true light came into power.

9. Macduff says, "Oh, Scotland, Scotland!" Why?

He is sincere when he states this, as he fears for Scotland after the incoming ascent of Macbeth.

10. What news does Ross bring to Macduff?

Ross alerts Macduff to two key factors. The state of Scotland is in current disarray due to the bad
happenings that have been occurring; this is inclusive of the secondary fact that Macduffs fmily has been
killed (at the hand of Macbeth). This sparks revenge on Macbeth from Macduff.