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The MUKTIKA Canon[edit]

The canon is part of a dialogue between Rama and Hanuman. Rama proposes to teach Vedanta, saying
"Even by reading one verse of them [any Upanishad] with devotion, one gets the status of union with
me, hard to get even by sages." Hanuman enquires about the different kinds of "liberation" (Mukti,
hence the name of the Upanishad), to which Rama answers that "the only real type [of liberation] is
Kaivalya".[citation needed]

The list of 108 Upanishads is introduced in verses 26-29:

But by what means is the Kaivalya kind of Moksha got? The Mandukya is enough; if knowledge is not got
from it, then study the Ten Upanishads. Getting knowledge very soon, you will reach my abode. If
certainty is not got even then, study the 32 Upanishads and stop. If desiring Moksha without the body,
read the 108 Upanishads. Hear their order. (trans. Warrier)[full citation needed]

Some scholars list ten as principal the Mukhya Upanishads, while most consider twelve or thirteen as
principal, most important Upanishads (highlighted).[7][8][9]

The list of 108 names is given in verses 30-39. They are as follows:

1. Isha Upanishad

2. Kena Upanishad

3. Katha Upanishad

4. Prashna Upanishad

5. Mundaka Upanishad

6. Mandukya Upanishad

7. Taittiriya Upanishad

8. Aitareya Upanishad

9. Chandogya Upanishad

10. Brihadaranyaka Upanishad

11. Brahma Upanishad

12. Kaivalya Upanishad

13. Jabala Upanishad

14. Shvetashvatara Upanishad

15. Hamsopanishad

16. Aruneya Upanishad

17. Garbhopanishad

18. Narayanopanishad
19. Paramahamsopanishad

20. Amritabindu Upanishad

21. Nada Bindu Upanishad

22. Atharvashiras Upanishad

23. Atharvashikha Upanishad

24. Maitrayaniya Upanishad

25. Kaushitaki Upanishad

26. Brihajjabala Upanishad

27. Nrisimha Tapaniya Upanishad

28. Kalagni Rudra Upanishad

29. Maitreya Upanishad

30. Subala Upanishad

31. Kshurika Upanishad

32. Mantrika Upanishad

33. Sarvasara Upanishad

34. Niralamba Upanishad

35. Shukarahasya Upanishad

36. Vajrasuchi Upanishad

37. Tejobindu Upanishad

38. Nada Bindu Upanishad

39. Dhyanabindu Upanishad

40. Brahmavidya Upanishad

41. Yogatattva Upanishad

42. Atmabodha Upanishad

43. Naradaparivrajaka Upanishad

44. Trishikhibrahmana Upanishad

45. Sita Upanishad

46. Yogachudamani Upanishad

47. Nirvana Upanishad


48. Mandala-brahmana Upanishad

49. Dakshinamurti Upanishad

50. Sharabha Upanishad

51. Skanda Upanishad

52. Mahanarayana Upanishad

53. Advayataraka Upanishad

54. Rama Rahasya Upanishad

55. Rama tapaniya Upanishad

56. Vasudeva Upanishad

57. Mudgala Upanishad

58. Shandilya Upanishad

59. Paingala Upanishad

60. Bhikshuka Upanishad

61. Maha Upanishad

62. Sariraka Upanishad

63. Yogashikha Upanishad

64. Turiyatitavadhuta Upanishad

65. Brihat-Sannyasa Upanishad

66. Paramahamsa Parivrajaka Upanishad

67. Malika Upanishad

68. Avyakta Upanishad

69. Ekakshara Upanishad

70. Annapurna Upanishad

71. Surya Upanishad

72. Akshi Upanishad

73. Adhyatma Upanishad

74. Kundika Upanishad

75. Savitri Upanishad

76. Atma Upanishad


77. Pashupatabrahma Upanishad

78. Parabrahma Upanishad

79. Avadhuta Upanishad

80. Tripuratapini Upanishad

81. Devi Upanishad

82. Tripura Upanishad

83. Kathashruti Upanishad

84. Bhavana Upanishad

85. Rudrahridaya Upanishad

86. Yoga-Kundalini Upanishad

87. Bhasma Upanishad

88. Rudraksha Upanishad

89. Ganapati Upanishad

90. Darshana Upanishad

91. Tarasara Upanishad

92. Mahavakya Upanishad

93. Pancabrahma Upanishad

94. Pranagnihotra Upanishad

95. Gopala Tapani Upanishad

96. Krishna Upanishad

97. Yajnavalkya Upanishad

98. Varaha Upanishad

99. Shatyayaniya Upanishad

100. Hayagriva Upanishad

101. Dattatreya Upanishad

102. Garuda Upanishad

103. Kali-Santarana Upanishad

104. Jabali Upanishad

105. Saubhagyalakshmi Upanishad


106. Sarasvati-rahasya Upanishad

107. Bahvricha Upanishad

108. Muktik Upanishad (this text

1. Isha Upanishad
2. Kena Upanishad
3. Katha Upanishad
4. Prashna Upanishad
5. Mundaka Upanishad
6. Mandukya Upanishad
7. Taittiriya Upanishad
8. Aitareya Upanishad
9. Chandogya Upanishad
10. Brihadaranyaka Upanishad
11. Shvetashvatara Upanishad
12. Maitrayaniya Upanishad
13. Kaushitaki Upanishad