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7/8/2017

LITERATURE
came from the Latin word literatura which
means writing, learning from literatus, learned
literate.

Both oral and written works characterized by:


a. Expressive or imaginative writing
b. Nobility of thought
c. Universality
d. Timelessness

KINDS OF LITERATURE
It has provided man lasting
1. ORAL LITERATURE
effective expression to his
* literature by means of talking,
handed by word of mouth
thoughts and feelings.

2. WRITTEN LITERATURE
*information coming from the
books, magazines, newspaper, etc.

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It has pictured the level of a


It has contributed to countrys culture and manifests
the development of the creative genius of the race.
society and civilization.

It has helped preserve


a heritage which
gives meaning to a
peoples ideas.

It has engendered ideas the could


have a great effect on the
readers. some books or writings
have started a revolution like Rizals
Noli Me Tangere and El
Filibusterismo.

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A. FICTION
- imaginative, make - believe
Any information
written in paragraph 1. SHORT STORY a brief,
form and read in an imaginative, narrative, unfolding
ordinary talking or a single predominantly incident
conventional and has a single chief character.
manner. 2. NOVEL a long prose narrative
divided into chapters and have
several characters

3. DRAMA story which needs to be


acted on stage
B. NON FICTION - real, true, factual
4. TALE story with a tale and fantasy 1. BIOGRAPHY written accounts of a
persons life but another person.
2. ESSAY a literary composition that
attempts to explain a certain topic
or subject
3. HISTORY it records the past events
4. LETTER a communication by
means of writing.

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A. NARRATIVE POETRY
1. EPIC an elevated poetic style in
Any information
which heroic events are described
written in stanza
form and read with 2. BALLAD a simple and narrative
rising and falling poem intended to be sung
intonation. 3. METRICAL TALE like a short story
but written in verse

B. LYRIC POETRY 4. SIMPLE LYRIC


1. SONNET a poem pictorial, reflective,
composed of 14 iambic deals with different
pentameter lines. emotions, varied
2. ELEGY a poem for the themes and has
dead song like qualities
3. ODE a poem addressed 5. SONG intended to
to some praised object or be sung
a person or quality

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C. DRAMATIC POETRY
1. COMEDY play with human
3. DRAMATIC
actions and behavior are treated
HISTORY
lightly
play based
2. TRAGEDY play in which a serious on historical
theme is dramatized and the hero events
meets with misfortunes because of
fate, moral weakness and social
opposition