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PROJECT /

PROPOSED (...+...+...) FLOORS


... BUILDING.

LOCATION \
... - . - QATAR

OWNER \

CONSULTING \
GCG
GULF CONSULTING GROUP


PLUMPING Calculation Sheet
Estamited Water Requirement

Office building
Total Area of Floors = 37038 m2
Gallon Per Day Per Capita = 20 Gallon
Hour Per Day Usage = 9 Hours
Peak Flow Rate = 2.5 X Average flow Rate

No. of Person = 4001 Person


Daily Consumption = 80020 Gallon
Average Flow Rate = 149 Gpm
Peak Flow Rate = 372.5 Gpm

Resturant building
Total Area of Floors = 37038 m2
Gallon Per Day Per Capita = 25 Gallon
Hour Per Day Usage = 9 Hours
Peak Flow Rate = 2.5 X Average flow Rate

No. of Person = 4001 Person


Daily Consumption = 100025 Gallon
Average Flow Rate = 186 Gpm
Peak Flow Rate = 465 Gpm

Appartement House
No of Bed Rooms = 1750 Room
Gallon Per Day Per Capita = 100 Gallon
Hour Per Day Usage = 15 Hours
Peak Flow Rate = 3.0 X Average flow Rate

No. of Person = 1000 Person


Daily Consumption = 100000 Gallon
Average Flow Rate = 112 Gpm
Peak Flow Rate = 336 Gpm

Hotels
No of Suit = 1750 Suit
Gallon Per Day Per Capita = 130 Gallon
Hour Per Day Usage = 11 Hours
Peak Flow Rate = 3.0 X Average flow Rate

No. of Person = 1000 Person


Daily Consumption = 130000 Gallon
Average Flow Rate = 197 Gpm
Peak Flow Rate = 591 Gpm
Hospitals
No. of Bed = 500 Bed
Consumption per year = 50000000 Gal/year
Consumption per month = 5000000 Gal/month
Peak Hourly Flow = 15000 Gal/hour
Minimum hourly flow = 1500 Gal/hour
Peak Installatin flow = 500 Gpm
Consumption per day = 150000 Gal/day
Average Installatin flow = 250 Gpm

University

Dormitory Student (Resedential)

Area of Capita = 9650 m2


No. of Students = 1043 Student

Fixture Usage /Day Gal/ Usage Gal/ Usage


Water closet 3 5 15
Shower 1 20 20
Washup 2 10 20
Miscellaneous 20
Total 78225

Kitchen and Resturant


Area of Capita = 9650 m2
No. of Students = 1043 Student
NO of Meals per Day = 3 Meal
Assume Gal/meal / Capita = 2 Gallon
Total = 6258 Gallon

Non-Residential Student

Area of Capita = 9650 m2


No. of Students = 1043 Student

Fixture Usage /Day Gal/ Usage Gal/ Usage


Water closet 2 5 10
Washup 2 5 10
Miscellaneous 5
Total 25

Faculty and Staf

Area of Capita = 9650 m2


No. of Staf = 1043 Staf

Fixture Usage /Day Gal/ Usage Gal/ Usage


Water closet 2 5 10
Washup 2 5 10
Miscellaneous 5
Total 26075

General Laboratory use

No. of Fixture Usage Hour /Day Gal/ Usage Gal/ Usage


10 1 10 100

General Kitchen

Area of Capita = 9650 m2


No. of Students = 1043 Student
NO of Meals per Day = 2 Meal
Assume Gal/meal / Capita = 2 Gallon
Total = 4172 Gallon

Gym

No. of Showers Usage /Day Gal/ Usage Gal/ Usage


10 8 4 1600

Get All University Water Demand Per Day 123511.3 Gallon

Shopping Centers

Area of Capita = 46296 m2


Domestic Water Consumption = 49999.68 Gallon
Average Flow Rate = 83.3328 Gpm
Peak Flow Rate = 166.6656 Gpm

Parking and Pouplation Methods

No. of Parking Space = 4000 Space


Approximae Customer /day = 24000 Customer
Water Consumption per Coustmure = 1.25 Gallon/day
Domestic Water Consumption = 30000 Gallon

No. of Empolyee = 800 Empolyee


Water Consumption per Coustmure = 20 Gallon/day
Domestic Water Consumption = 16000 Gallon

Total load = Empolyee load + Coustumer Load


1.1*( 30000 + 16000 )= 50600 Gallon

Average Flow Rate = 85 Gpm


Peak Flow Rate = 170 Gpm
Court Houses And Detention Jails

Occupancey Population GPDC Total GPD


No. of Staf 200 20 4000
Office Personnel 2000 20 40000
Short Term Detainess ( prisoners) 1000 10 10000
Long Term Detainess ( prisoners) 1000 80 80000
TOTAL 134000

Flow Rate
Staf 4000 / 480 min = 8.4
Office 40000 / 480 min = 83.4
Short Term 10000 / 360 min = 27.8
Long Term 80000 / 900 min = 88.9
Average Flow Rate 208.5

Peak Flow Rate 208.5 X 2 = 417 Gpm


Building Specification :
Building Lowest point level (Ground Tank Place) 0 m
Building Highest point level (Roof Tank Place) 116 m
So get total building height (static head) 116 m

No. of Basement Floor 2 Basement


Non. Typical Floor Levels 15 Floor
No. of Typical Floor in Building 5 Floor
Last Floor in Building 1 Floor
Befor Last Floor in Building 1 Floor
2 Floor Befor Last in Building 1 Floor
Get Total Building Floor 25 Floor
Roof Area 250 m2
Site Plan Area 800 m2
Total Land Area 1050 m2

For residential :
No. of bed room in the building : 100 Bed room
No. of person in the room : 2 Person
No of person 200 Person
Assume daily water consumption in L/s/person 180 L/day
Then the total water consumption of building 36 m3

For commercial center:-


daily water consumption = total area of all commercial floors / 10 m2 per person
* daily water consumption per person
Assumption daily consumption per person in liter/day 70 L/Day/Person
Area of total commercial floors 0 m2
Daily water consumption 0 m3

For Office Building 8 Hour Shift :-


NO. of Person 0 Person
assume daily water consumption in L/s/person 60 L/day
Daily water consumption 0 m3

For Factories 7 Hour Shift :-


NO. of Person 0 Person
assume daily water consumption in L/s/person 60 L/day
Daily water consumption 0 m3

For Hotels up to 3 Stars :-


NO. of room 0 room
Assume daily water consumption in L/room 170 L/room
Daily water consumption 0 m3

For Hotels up to 4 Stars With All Services :-


NO. of rooms 0 room
Assume daily water consumption in L/room 700 L/room
Daily water consumption 0 m3

For Hotels up to 5 Stars With All Services :-


NO. of rooms 0 room
Assume daily water consumption in L/room 1200 L/room
Daily water consumption 0 m3

For Car Parking :-


NO. of cars 0 car
Assume daily water consumption in L/car 30 L/car
Daily water consumption 0 m3

For Restaurant and Cafes Per Meal :-


NO. of Person 0 Person
Assumed no. of meal per person 1 meal
Assume daily water consumption in L/s/meal 30 L/meal
Daily water consumption 0 m3

For Laundry in Hotels Per Bed :-


NO. of Bed 0 Bed
Assume daily water consumption in L/bed 130 L/bed
Daily water consumption 0 m3

For Laundry in Hospital Per Bed :-


NO. of Bed 0 Bed
Assume daily water consumption in L/bed 600 L/bed
Daily water consumption 0 m3

For School :-
NO. of Student 0 Student
Assume daily water consumption in L/student 75 L/student/day
Daily water consumption 0 m3

For Airport :-
NO. of Passenger Per Day 0 Passenger
Assume daily water consumption in L/passenger 20 L/passenger/day
Daily water consumption 0 m3

For Meeting Area :-


NO. of person 0 Person
Assume daily water consumption in L/person 10 L/person/day
Daily water consumption 0 m3

For Public Building :-


NO. of person 0 Person
Assume daily water consumption in L/person 50 L/person/day
Daily water consumption 0 m3

For Camps :-
NO. of person 0 Person
Assume daily water consumption in L/person 75 L/person/day
Daily water consumption 0 m3

For Swimming Pools & Shore :-


NO. of person 0 Person
Assume daily water consumption in L/person 40 L/person/day
Daily water consumption 0 m3
For Mosque :-
NO. of person 0 Person
Assume daily water consumption in L/person 30 L/person/day
Daily water consumption 0 m3

For Public Toilet Per Unit :-


NO. of toilet Unit 0 Unit
Assume daily water consumption in L/toilet 120 L/toilet
Daily water consumption 0 m3

For Public Urinal :-


NO. of urinal 0 urinal
Assume daily water consumption in L/urinal 40 L/urinal
Daily water consumption 0 m3

For Public Lavatory :-


NO. of Lavatory 0 Lavatory
Assume daily water consumption in L/Lavatory 60 L/lavatory
Daily water consumption 0 m3

For Public Shower :-


NO. of showers 0 Lavatory
Assume daily water consumption in L/shower 560 L/shower
Daily water consumption 0 m3

For Public Slaughterhouse :-


NO. of Caw 0 Caw
Assume daily water consumption in L/caw 400 L/caw
Daily water consumption 0 m3

For Commercial Laundry Per Kg of Clothes :-


NO. of Kg 0 kg
Assume daily water consumption in L/kg 35 L/kg
Daily water consumption 0 m3

For Farms :-
No. of Caws 0 caw
No. of Calf 0 calf
No. of goats & sheep 0 goat & sheep
No. of horses 0 horses
No. of egg Chicken 0 Chicken
No. of turkey Chicken 0 Chicken
No. of ducks 0 duck
No. of camel 0 Camel
Daily water consumption 0 m3
Irrigation water consumption calculations
water consumption for irrigation changed according to kind of planters exists
No. of palm trees 1 Unit
No. of spreading 1 Unit
No of evergreen 1 Unit
No. of Shrubs 1 Unit
No. of Ordinary Trees 1 Unit
Area of grass 1 m2
Area of Gr.Cover 1 m2
get daily water consumption for irrigation 0.33 m3
OR
Insert Total Green Area for The Building 350 m2
Assume 1.5 cm of water per 1 m2
Daily water consumption 5.25 m3

Total water consumption :-


water consumption per day for the building 36 m3
Daily Domestic Water Consumption :-
water consumption per day for the building 36 m3

Daily Irrigation Water Consumption:-


water consumption per day for the building 5.3 m3

Total Daily Water Consumption For the Building :-


total consumption of water per day 41.3 m3
muliplay the water consumption in 10% safety factor 45.5 m3

Under Ground or Ground Water Tank


the storage capacity for 2 days 91 m3

Roof Water Tank Capacity


the storage will be for 1 day 45.5 m3
We have 2 Possible Way to Calculate Sizing of Septic Tank

Proposed No.1

Assumption total possible drain = daily water consumption


From water consumption get daily water consumption / day = 36 m3
Assumption diversity factor
Get Waste drain flow per day 36 X 0.7 =
100%
25.2 m3
1 = 6702 Gallon
= 25200 Liters
According to Qatar Public Work Authority Drainage Afairs
Septic tank Type Type F

Proposed No.2

According to Uniform Plumbing Code Table K-3 Page 337

Type of Occupancy-01 Dance Halls


Type of Occupancy-02 Airport
Type of Occupancy-03 Airport
Type of Occupancy-04 Factories

Occupancy Gallons / No. OF No. OF No. OF No. OF Total GPD


Type person OCCUP. OCCUP. OCCUP. OCCUP.

Dance Halls 5 100 0 100 0 100 0 100 500

Occupancy GPD/ No. OF GPD/ No. OF No. OF No. OF


Type Employee OCCUP. Passenger OCCUP. OCCUP. OCCUP. Total GPD

Airport 15 100 5 100 0 100 0 100 2000

Occupancy GPD/ No. OF GPD/ No. OF No. OF No. OF Total GPD


Type Employee OCCUP. Passenger OCCUP. OCCUP. OCCUP.

Airport 15 100 5 100 0 100 0 100 2000

No With Cafeteria,
Occupancy showers/ No. OF showers/ No. OF add / No. OF No. OF
Type OCCUP. OCCUP. OCCUP. OCCUP. Total GPD
employee employee employee

Factories 25 50 35 100 5 100 0 300 5250

Get Total Capacity for Septic Tank From 4 Diferent Occupancy 9750 GPD

Recommended Design Criteria. Sewage disposal systems sized using the estimated
waste/sewage flow rates should be calculated as follows:
(1) Waste/sewage flow, up to 1500 gallons/day (5677.5 L/day)
Flow x 1.5 = septic tank size
(2) Waste/sewage flow, over 1500 gallons/day (5677.5 L/day)
Flow xshall
(3) Secondary system 0.75 be
+ 1125
sized=for
septic
totaltank
flowsize
per 24 hours.

Septic Tank Capacity for 1 day = 8437.5 GPD


= 31944.375 Liters
= 31.944375 m3

According to Qatar Public Work Authority Drainage Afairs


Septic tank Type Type F
Storm Water Drainage Calculation Sheet

Roof Floor Area in m2 150 m2


Get Roof Area in ft2 1620 ft2

Diferent Rainfall Rate per HR (Sq. ft) 1 Inch


Horizontal Pipes Slop 4%

According to National Plumbing Code


Size of Vertical Conductors and Leaders

Diameter of vertical pipe or leaders 2 Inch.


Get Maximum GPM in Conductors 23 GPM

Diameter of Horizontal pipe 3 Inch.


Get Maximum GPM in Conductors 68 GPM

Diameter of roof Gutters drain 8 Inch


Maximum GPM for Gutters 83 GPM
NO. of Gutters Required 1 GUILTERS

In Case of Actual Design

Actual Gutter No. 2 GUILTERS


Actual Gutter Flow 41.5 GPM
Diameter of Gutter Required 7 Inch

Actual Gutters Diameter 6 Inch


maximum Flow for Actual Gutters 40 GPM
Gutter No. 3 GUILTERS

Storm Water Holding Tank


From Plan we have Roof Area in m2 250 m2
Site Plan Area in m2 800 m2
Total Plan Area 1050 m2
Rainfall Rate per HR (Sq. ft) 1Inch
Get total Volume of Rain Water Holding Tank = 26.7 m3/day
For tank volume equal to 2 days
Get total Volume of Rain Water Holding Tank = 53.4 m3
Table of Total Fixtures
ENTER NO. OF UNIT ACCORDING TO FIXTURE TYPE PRIVATE OR PUBLIC

According of our bulding Specification we have = 2 Basement


According of our bulding Specification we have = 15 Non. Typical Floor
According of our bulding Specification we have = 5 Typical Floor
According of our bulding Specification we have = 1 Last Floor
According of our bulding Specification we have = 1 Before Last Floor
According of our bulding Specification we have = 1 2 Level befor Last Floor
According of our bulding Specification we have = 25 Total Floor

Fixture type : private

2 level 1 level Last Total


FIXTURES / POINT NO. B3 B2 B1 G.F. F.F 2nd.F 3rd F 4th F. 5th F 6th F TYP. F
b.last b.last Floor Fixtures
Water closet (flush valve) 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 23
Water closet (flush tank) 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 23
Water Bidet 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 23
Hose for W.C 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 23
Lavatory (& H.B.) 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 23
Kitchen sink 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 23
Service sink office,ect 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 23
Shower 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 23
Bath tub 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 23
Dishwashing machine 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 23
Laundry 8 Ib 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 23
Laundry 16 Ib 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 23
Ablution (Public) 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 22
Urinal (1" flush valve) 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 22
Urinal (3/4" flush valve) 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 22
Urinal (flush tank) 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 22
Drinking fountain 3/8 in 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 22
Sum of Total Fixture in All Building Floor 386

Fixture type : public

2 level 1 level Last Total


FIXTURES / POINT NO. B3 B2 B1 G.F. F.F 2nd.F 3rd F 4th F. 5th F 6th F TYP. F
b.last b.last Floor Fixtures
Water closet (flush valve) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Water closet (flush tank) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Water Bidet 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hose for W.C 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lavatory (& H.B.) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kitchen sink 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Service sink office,ect 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shower 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bath tub 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dishwashing machine 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Laundry 8 Ib 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Laundry 16 Ib 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ablution (Public) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Urinal (1" flush valve) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Urinal (3/4" flush valve) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Urinal (flush tank) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Drinking fountain 3/8 in 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sum of Total Fixture in All Building Floor 0
Pump Calculation Sheet :-
According to International Plumbing Code

Type of Occupancy Apartement


Type of Water Heater Individual
Type Of Flush Flush Tank
Proposed Location Of Water Filter After Roof Tank

1- Lift Pump Calculations


Total length of water pipe for lift pump from ground to roof water tanks 100 m
Vertical Length from Pump To Filling Point In Roof Water Tank 10 m

Pump Head = 1.20*(static head + static/10 + total pipe length from pump to roof tank
*4/100+5 m losses in filter if it`s befor tank + 5 m losses in float valve
Get Pump Head = 1.20 * ( 10 + 10 /10 + 100 *4/100 + 0 + 5 = 24 m

According to Fixture Unit Method From International Plumbing Code


We have Total Building Fixture Unit = 386 Unit
No .of Pumps Will Be Used In Lifting 2 Duty + 1 Standby

Pump Flow 98 GPM


Pump Head 35 PSI
Pump HP 3.3 HP
No. of Pumps 2 Duty + 1 Standby

2- Boster Pump Calculations

No .of Pumps Will Be Used for Boosting 2 Duty + 1 Standby


From National Plumping Code Get Total Fixture Unit load = 62.25

Pump Flow 17 GPM


Pump Head 30 PSI
Pump HP 0.5 HP
No. of Pumps 2 Duty + 1 Standby

Pressure Vessel

From above we get boster pump flow = 17 GPM


= 1.071 L/S
& Estimated pressure for booster pump = 21.122449 m
it is usual to arrange for pumps to have an ON-OFF cycle of 3-4 min
Pump Capacity should be such that peak water demand is not likely to exceed half the average
pump out put
PVO = 0.5 * APO X time of pump run in seconds
Pump run time 240
5 mintes - 300 sec
PVO. ( pressure vessel output) = 0.5 * 0.66938 * 300 = 100.40625 Liters

from boyles low P1 . V1 = P2 . V2 V1 = V1-V2/(1-(P1/P2)


where
P1 = Cut in pressure head = 14.0136 meter 20 Psi
P1 = Cut out pressure head = 24.5238 meter 35 Psi
Get V1
V1 = = 234.281 m3
For Working Volume Say 20%

V1 = = 282 m3

Volume of Vessel 300 Liters

Notes:-
- In Case of Individual Water Heater Pump Will Use To Deliver (Hot & Cold) Water for last
3 floors only and by gravity for the rest of the building
- In Case of Centeral Water Heater Pump Will Use To Deliver (Hot & Cold) Water for Last
3 Floors & Hot Water to The Rest of Building
Pressure Pump Calculation
Pressure pump will used in case on suppling the building from main network directly
or from ground or underground water tank as there is no ablity to make booster pump
and roof elevated tank

The Calculation based on fixture unit load from fixture unit load of the building get

Type of Water Heater


Type Of Flush Flush Valve

No .of Pumps Will Be Used for Boosting 2 Duty 2 Standby


From National Plumping Code Get Total Fixture Unit load = 823.5 Fixture unit

Total Distance Between Pump to Farther Fixture Unit at Last Floor 55 m


Vertical Length from Pump To Farther Fixture Unit at Last Floor 20 m

Pump Head = 1.20*(static head + static/10 + total pipe length from pump to roof tank
*4/100+5 m losses in filter + 5 m loss in water heater if centeral
+ 14 m residual pressure at last fixture unit

= 1.2 X ( 20 + 20 / 10 + 4 /100* 55 + 5 + 5 + 14
= 57.84 meter head

Pump Flow 186.82 94 GPM


Pump Head 83 PSI
Pump HP 8 HP
No. of Pumps 2 DUTY 2 STANDBY

Note
It is better to use 3 pumps 1 duty and 2 standby satisfy the full load of system
In Case only for Governement network supply you can reduce pump head for pump
by value of gov. network pressure (about 1.5 bar or 20 psi)
Calculation for Hydropneumatic Tank System

Assuming the maximum no. of pumping cycles be six per hour 5 min an & 5 min of
From Perevious Calculation for Pump Capacity Equal to = 94 GPM
1/2 of Pump Capacity = 47 GPM
For 5 min working = 235 Gallon
then 235 Gallons should equal 25 per cent withdrawal.
100 percent then equal to 235 X 4 = 940 Gallon Tank

From Calculation get pump Head Equal to = 83 Psi


Assuming Low working pressure = 80 Psi
Then get maximum working pressure = 100 Psi

Water Capacity . Percent of Total Tank Capacity 40%


From Calculation Low & high Pressure Between Low 60 Psi - High 80 Psi
Water Capacity , Percent Of Total Tank Capacity = 40 %
Get Tank Capacity = 940 Gallon
Get Water Capacity in the tank = 376 Gallon
Get Percent of Water Drawal To Start Pump = 16 %
Get The Volume of Water Drawal To Start Pump = 150 Gallon

Pump Flow 183.7 94 GPM


Pump Head 103 PSI
Pump HP 10 HP
No. of Pumps 2 DUTY 2 STANDBY
Hydropneumatic Tank 940 Gallon
Water Capacity in the tank 376 Gallon
Volume of Water Drawal To Start Pump 150 Gallon

Note :-
it is required to increase pump head to high pressure of hydropneumatic Tank
Submersible Pumps will be designed according to fixture unit method
According to our fixture unit we got :-

Type Of Flush Flush Valve


The receiving basin will collect sanitary from 3RD BASEMENT
The receiving basin will collect sanitary from GROUND FLOOR
The receiving basin will collect sanitary from
The receiving basin will collect sanitary from
The receiving basin will collect sanitary from
The receiving basin will collect sanitary from

3RD BASEMENT GROUND FLOOR Total


Fixture unit Private Public Private Public Private Public Private Public Private Public Private Public Private Public
Water closet (flush valve) 1 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 1
Water closet (flush tank) 1 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 1
Water Bidet 1 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 1
Hose for W.C 1 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 1
Lavatory (& H.B.) 1 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 1
Kitchen sink 1 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 1
Service sink office,ect 1 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 1
Shower 1 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 1
Bath tub 1 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 1
Dishwashing machine 1 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 1
Laundry 8 Ib 1 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 1
Laundry 16 Ib 1 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 1
Ablution (Public) 1 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 1
Urinal (1" flush valve) 1 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 1
Urinal (3/4" flush valve) 1 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 1
Urinal (flush tank) 1 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 1
Drinking fountain 3/8 in 1 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 1
From Fixture Unit Loads get Pump Head = 233.4 GPM

The distance between low water line in the receiver up to the highest point pumped 5 Meter
Total distance for lifting line from lowest level to pumped level + static head 15 Meter

Get required pump head = 1.20*(static head + static/10 + total pipe length *4/100)
= 1.2 X ( 5 + 5 / 10 + 4 / 100 X 15 ) =
= 7.4 Meter

Pump Flow 233.4 GPM


Pump Head 11 PSI
Pump HP 2.5 HP

Note
- when the receiving basin collects the discharge sanitary wastes it is called an Ejector Pump
- when the receiving basin collects storm water or other clear water it is called a Sump Pump

Ejector Basin Sizing


Time Required to Empty the Sum pit
Minimum Capacity of Storage =
10 Minute
Pump Capacity X Time Required to empty sum pit
= 233.4 X 10 = 2334 Gallon
Assumed using of delux system the standard diameter of tank will be 4 ft or 1.20 m
Getting the depth of the basin = Storage Capacity / ( 0.7854 * D 2 * 7.5 )
= 2334 / ( 0.7854 X 4^2 X 7.5 )
= 24.793 ft distance between high level & low level
= 7.5569 m
Adding :-
Invert level of the entering pipe = 0.9 meter ( Below finish floor level )
Low level of water must be a minimium of 0.15 cm take it = 0.2 meter

Getting receving basin depth = Distance between low & high level + invert level of entering pipe + suction level
= 7.55686 + 0.9 + 0.2 = 8.6569 meter

Getting Capacity of Storage = 2334 Gallon


Getting Receving Basin Depth = = 8.7 Meter
Receving Basin Diameter = 1.2 Meter
Receiving Basin Area = 9.8 M2
Diameter of lifting pipe Assumed velocity 1 m/sec 136.91 150 mm

Sump Basin Sizing


Time Required to Empty the Sum pit
Area of Sandy soil = 200 m2 Equal
10 Minute
2160 ft 2

Assumed 2 gpm for each 100 ft2 Get 43.2 GPM

Area of clay soil = 200 m2 Equal 2160 ft2


Assumed 1 gpm for each 100 ft2 Get 21.6 GPM

Area of Paved soil = 250 m2 Equal 2700 ft2


Assumed 1 gpm for each 24 ft2 Get 112.5 GPM As 4 in per hour rainfall

Get total Capacity = 177.3 GPM

Minimum Capacity of Storage = Pump Capacity X Time Required to empty sum pit
= 177.3 X 10 = 1773 Gallon

Assumed using of delux system the standard diameter of tank will be 4 ft or 1.20 m
Getting the depth of the basin = Storage Capacity / ( 0.7854 * D 2 * 7.5 )
= 1773 / ( 0.7854 X 4^2 X 7.5 )
= 18.834 ft distance between high level & low level
= 5.7405 m

The distance between low water line in the receiver up to the highest point pumped 10 Meter
Total distance for lifting line from lowest level to pumped level + static head 25 Meter

Get required pump head = 1.20*(static head + static/10 + total pipe length *4/100)
= 1.2 X ( 10 + 10 / 10 + 4 / 100 X 25 ) =
= 14.4 Meter

Pump Flow 177.3 GPM


Pump Head 21 PSI
Pump HP 3.6 HP

Invert level of the entering pipe = 0.9 meter ( Below finish floor level )
Low level of water must be a minimium of 0.15 cm take it = 0.2 meter

Getting receving basin depth = Distance between low & high level + invert level of entering pipe + suction level
= 5.7405 + 0.9 + 0.2 = 6.8405 meter

Getting Capacity of Storage = 1773 Gallon


Getting Receving Basin Depth = = 6.9 Meter
Receving Basin Diameter = 1.2 Meter
Receiving Basin Area = 7.8 M2
Diameter of lifting pipe Assumed velocity 1 m/sec 119.33 150 mm
Centeral Hot Water Calculation Sheet

Calculation Will be According to Type of The Building & Fixture Unit Methods:-

Choose the Type of Your Building GYM

Fixture QTY Demand Total Gallon/Hr

private lav. 2 2 4
public lav. 2 8 16
bathtub 0 30 0
dishwasher 1 0 0
foot basin 2 12 24
kitchen sink 0 0 0
laundry 0 0 0
pantry sink 0 0 0
shower 0 225 0
service sink 0 0 0
hydrotherapentic shower 0 0 0
hubbard bath 0 0 0
leg bath 0 0 0
arm bath 0 0 0
sitz bath 0 0 0
continuous flow bath 0 0 0
circular wash sink 0 0 0
semicircular wash sink 0 0 0
44
DEMAND FACTOR 0.4
Probable Maximum Demand 17.6
Heater or coil Capacity 17.6
STORAGE CAPACITY Factor 1
Storage Tank Capacity GALLONS 17.6
Storage Tank Capacity Liters 67
Heater Power 1.7673513514
Heater Storage Capacity in Liters 80
Heater Power in Kw 1.75

Water Heater Selection :-


Heater Storage Capacity in Liters =### 80 Liters
Heater Power in Kw =### 1.75 Kw
Centeral Hot Water Calculation Sheet

Calculation Will be According to Type of The Building & Fixture Unit Methods:-

Choose the Type of Your Building Hospital


Type of Pipes will be used Non-Insulated Pipe
Type of Pipes will be used SCH-40 Steel
In Case of insulated pipe u dont need to choise type of pipe used

Fixture QTY Total Gallon/Hr

private lav. 10 2 20
public lav. 10 6 60
bathtub 30 20 600
dishwasher 10 100 1000
foot basin 20 3 60
kitchen sink 2 20 40
laundry 15 28 420
pantry sink 20 10 200
shower 30 75 2250
service sink 2 20 40
hydrotherapentic shower 0 400 0
hubbard bath 0 600 0
leg bath 0 100 0
arm bath 0 35 0
sitz bath 0 30 0
continuous flow bath 0 165 0
circular wash sink 0 20 0
semicircular wash sink 0 10 0
4690
DEMAND FACTOR 0.25
Probable Maximum Demand 1172.5
Heater or coil Capacity 1172.5
STORAGE CAPACITY Factor 0.6
Storage Tank Capacity GALLONS 703.5

Heat loss in Hot Water Pipes :-

Nominal pipe size Pipe length in


Q loss/Ft Total Qloss
meter BTU/HR

1/2" 100 35 11480


3/4" 50 43 7052
1" 30 53 5215.2
1-1/4" 100 65 21320
1-/2" 100 73 23944
2" 50 91 14924
2-1/2" 70 108 24796.8
3" 0 129 0
4" 0 163 0
5" 0 199 0
6" 0 233 0
8" 0 299 0
Total Qloss for Hot Water Network 108732

Get Total heat loss in the system = 108732 Btu/hr

For each 10,000 BTU/HR Need 1 GPM


Required GPM for heat loss make up = Total heat loss in the system / 10,000
= 10.9 GPM

Total Farther Pipe length Supply & Return = 100 m


to get pump head the only loss we have in the line friction loss in all pipes and fitting
get pump head = 1.5*(friction loss)
= 1.5 * ( 4/100 * Total pipe length )
= 4.8 meter head
6.8 Psi
Conclusion for Centeral Water System

Heat or coil Capacity 1172.5 Gallon / Hour


Storage Tank Capacity 703.5 Gallon

Circulation Pump Selection : -

Pump Flow 10.9 GPM


Pump Head 6.8 PSI
Pump HP 0.1 HP

Note :-
You do not need to chose type of pipe in case of insulated pipe
Calculation for Pressure Reducing Station

The Most Popular Way to Choose The No. of PRV. Station and locations :

Most of fixture unit installed need between 8 Psi to 25 Psi as residual pressure at it is inlet.
Assuming that the last fixture unit need About = 20 Psi.
Maximum pressure to keep the velocity less than 1.2 m/sec, or 10 fps = 70 Psi.
So we have additional pressure in network about = 50 Psi.
= 115.5 Feet

From Previous Data we have the building height equal to = 116 Meter
= 380.5 Feet

Floor Level Height = 3.65 Meter


= 12 Feet

Getting No. of PRV. Installed in Riser = 3 PRV. Unit


So We Will Get That PRV. Sataion Will Fixed Every = 10 Story

Note :-
Minimum pressure required for flushing water closet varies from 12 Psi to 25 Psi
so we can assume 20 Psi as residual pressure is most suitable.
Chilled Drinking Water System :-

Type of Building Office - Corridor & Lobbies


Water Inlet Temperature 65 F
Room Temperature 80 F
Assumed Circulation Pump HP 3/4 HP

No. of Outlet 60 Outlet


Gallon per Outlet per Hour 5 Gal./Outlet/HR
BTU Per HR. Per Gallon 167 BTU/GAL.

Get from Above Usage load = 50100 BTU/HR

Length of Pipe According to Pipe Size

Length of 1/2" Pipe Size in Meter = 0 m 0 ft


Length of 3/4" Pipe Size in Meter = 0 m 0 ft
Length of 1" Pipe Size in Meter = 183 m 600 ft
Length of 1.25" Pipe Size in Meter = 60.98 m 200 ft
Length of 1.5" Pipe Size in Meter = 30.49 m 100 ft
Length of 2" Pipe Size in Meter = 0 m 0 ft
Length of 2.5" Pipe Size in Meter = 0 m 0 ft
Length of 3" Pipe Size in Meter = 0 m 0 ft

Circulation Losses in Pipes

1/2" Pipe Size in Meter = 0 X 390 = 0 BTU/HR


3/4" Pipe Size in Meter = 0 X 420 = 0 BTU/HR
1" Pipe Size in Meter = 600 X 490 = 2940 BTU/HR
1.25" Pipe Size in Meter = 200 X 550 = 1100 BTU/HR
1.5" Pipe Size in Meter = 100 X 610 = 610 BTU/HR
2" Pipe Size in Meter = 0 X 700 = 0 BTU/HR
2.5" Pipe Size in Meter = 0 X 800 = 0 BTU/HR
3" Pipe Size in Meter = 0 X 940 = 0 BTU/HR

Circulation Pump Heat Input = 1908 BTU/HR

Total BTU/HR = 56658 BTU/HR


Adding 15% as Factor of Safety = 65157 BTU/HR

Circulation Pump Calculation:-

1/2" Pipe Size in Meter = 0 X 11.1 = 0 GPH


3/4" Pipe Size in Meter = 0 X 11.8 = 0 GPH
1" Pipe Size in Meter = 600 X 12.8 = 77 GPH
1.25" Pipe Size in Meter = 200 X 14.6 = 29 GPH
1.5" Pipe Size in Meter = 100 X 15.7 = 16 GPH

Total GPH = 122 GPH


Adding 20% as Factor of Safety = 146 GPH
= 2.4 GPM

No of. Circuit = 5 Circuit


Assume 3 gpm per Circuit
Get total GPM = 15 GPM

So get Circulation Pump Capacity = 15 GPM


Circulation Pump Head

Total Farther Pipe length Supply & Return = 100 M


to get pump head the only loss we have in the line friction loss in all pipes and fitting
get pump head = 1.2*(friction loss)
= 1.5 * ( 4/100 * Total pipe length )
= 4.8 meter head
6.8 Psi

BTU = GALLON TO BE COOLED X TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCE X 8.3


65157 = GALLON TO BE COOLED X ( 65 - 45 ) X 8.3
GALLON TO BE COOLED = 393 Gallon

Assume 50% of Water Will Return Back to Chiller And 50% Will Come From Make up Water
Make Up Connection Should Be Between Pump and Cooling Unit

Storage Capacity Will be = 196 Gallon

Chiller Cooling load 183.7 65157 Btu/hr


Storage Capacity 196 Gallon
No. of Pumps 1 Duty 1 Standby
Circulation Pump Capacity 15 Gpm
Circulation Pump Head 6.8 Psi
Circulation Pump HP 0.1 HP
Irrigation Pump Selection

Calculation of manual System

Insert No. of Irrigation Pump Will be Used 1 Duty 1 StandBy


Enter Total Time to Finish Manual Irrigation 2 Hours
Pump Capacity 2.65 m3/hr
Enter Difference in Head Between Pump & Irrigation Line 0.3 m
Enter Total Lengh Of Irrigation Pipe 150 m

Pump Head = 1.20*(static head + static/10 + total pipe length from pump to farther
irrigation point *4/100+3 bar residual pressure at farther point
= 64 psi

Irrigation Pump Selection :-


Pump Capacity 11.7 GPM
Pump Head 64 Psi
Pump HP 0.73 HP
Pumps 1 Duty 1 StandBy

Pressure Vessel

From above we get pump flow = 11.7 GPM


= 0.736111 L/Sec
& Estimated pressure for boster pump = 64 PSI

it is usual to arrange for pumps to have an ON-OFF cycle of 3-4 min


Pump Capacity should be such that peak water demand is not likely to exceed half the average
pump out put
PVO = 0.5 * APO X time of pump run in seconds
Pump run time 5 mintes - 300 sec

PVO. ( pressure vessel output) = 0.5 * 0.460069481 X 300


= 69 Liters
from boyles low P1 . V 1 = P 2 . V 2 V1 = V1-V2/(1-(P1/P2)
where
P1 = Cut in pressure head = 35.1 m
P1 = Cut out pressure head = 45.1 m
Get V1
V1 = 312 Liters
For Working Volume Say 20%
V1 = 375 Liters

Volume of Vessel 400 Liters


Automatic Irrigation System Calculation

Irrigation Water Demand Requirement

Plant Description Area / Quantity Watering Rate LPD


Shrubs 431.47 m2 16 liters/ day/m2 6903.52
Turf or Grass 1872 m2 12 liters/ day/m2 22464
Ground Cover 1160 m 2
12 liters/ day/m2 13920
Trees 115 No. 120 liters/ day/m2 13800
Palms 8 No. 150 liters/ day/m2 1200
Total Watering Rate 58287.52
Adding 2% as Factor Of Safety 59453.27

From Perivious Data Get


Storage tank for 1 day = 59.5 m3
Storage tank for 2 days = 119 m3
Over Flow Swimming Pool Calculation Sheet

Surface Area of Swimming Pool = 38 m2


Pool average depth = 1.7 m
Got Pool Volume = 64.6 m3

According To Egyptian Swimming Pool Code for every 25 m2 surface area need 1 inlet
NO. Water Inlets = 1.52 inlets
So Get the No. Of inlets = 2 inlets

According to Type of Swimming Pool Turn Over Period Will be Selected


Swimming Pool Type SPA.
Enter No. of Turn Over Period = 0.25 Time / Day

Get Swimming Pool Pump Capacity = Pool Volume / ( Turn Over Period * 60 )
= 4.31 m3/min

No. Of pump will used = 1 Pump


no. Of standby pumps = 1 Pump

Get pump flow rate = 4.31 m3/min

Balance tank volume = 40 L/m2 X Pool Surface area + 10 min X pump flow rate +
0.01 X pool surface area
= 45 m3
Balance tank volume = 45 m3

To calculate pipe sizing


All Folwing Equation According to SPATA Swimming Pool Manule Design

Supply pipe maximum velocity will be 2 m/s


No. Of inlet = 2 Inlet
Pump flow rate = 258.6 m3/hr
Each inlet give flow rate = 129 m3/hr

Dia 1 = 151.2345 Taking it = 150 mm.


Dia 2 = 213.8779 Taking it = 150 mm.
Dia 3 = 261.9459 Taking it = 150 mm.
Dia 4 = 302.469 Taking it = 150 mm.
Dia 5 = 338.1706 Taking it = 150 mm.
Dia 6 = 370.4474 Taking it = 150 mm.
Dia 7 = 400.1289 Taking it = 150 mm.
Dia 8 = 427.7558 Taking it = 150 mm.
Dia 9 = 453.7035 Taking it = 150 mm.
Dia 10 = 478.2455 Taking it = 150 mm.
Dia 11 = 501.5881 Taking it = 150 mm.
Dia 12 = 523.8917 Taking it = 150 mm.

NOTE :-
No. of pipe will be taken according to No. of inlet for 4 inlet in series take to Dia 4
Suction pipe maximum velocity will be 1.2 m/s
Pump flow rate = 258.6 m3/hr
No. Of outlet = 4 Outlet
Each outlet give flow rate = 64.65 m3/hr

Dia 1 = 136.6889 Taking it = 150 mm.


Dia 2 = 193.3073 Taking it = 150 mm.
Dia 3 = 236.7521 Taking it = 150 mm.
Dia 4 = 273.3778 Taking it = 150 mm.

NOTE :-
No. of pipe will be taken according to No. of outlet for 2 outlet in series take to Dia 2

Over flow pipe Grille velocity will be 0.3m/s


No. Of Grille = 10 Grilles
Pump Flow Rate = 258.6 m3/hr
Each outlet give flow rate = 25.86 m3/hr

Dia 1 = 94.07755 Taking it = 100 mm.


Dia 2 = 133.0457 Taking it = 150 mm.
Dia 3 = 162.9471 Taking it = 150 mm.
Dia 4 = 188.1551 Taking it = 150 mm.
Dia 5 = 210.3638 Taking it = 150 mm.
Dia 6 = 230.442 Taking it = 150 mm.
Dia 7 = 248.9058 Taking it = 150 mm.
Dia 8 = 266.0915 Taking it = 150 mm.
Dia 9 = 282.2326 Taking it = 150 mm.
Dia 10 = 297.4993 Taking it = 150 mm.
Dia 11 = 312.0199 Taking it = 150 mm.
Dia 12 = 325.8942 Taking it = 150 mm.

NOTE :-
No. of pipe will be taken according to No. of over flow unit for 4 unit take to Dia 4

Getting the filter area to be used


Pump flow rate = 258.6 m3/hr
Filter area = 7.4 m2 at 15 gpm / ft2
Assume we have to use a filter with diameter = 130 cm
No.of filter required 7.251347 7 Filter

Heating Calculation for swimming pools

Heater is required for heating purposes at winter seasons if required take inconsideration that
it's not particle to heat the pool without covers at coldest winter months
For calculation purposes the following conditions to be considered:-
The recommended Pool water temperature is around 28 C deg.
Outdoor air condition : 46 / 30 deg C DB/WB summer condition, max 122deg F (50 C)
: 6/ 10 deg C BD/WB -winter condition
From SPATA p5, Sec3, the Average Daily heat loss (DH) in KWhr / m2 of pool surface area
Correction Value Will be Changed According to type of Swimming Pool And it`s Location

Swimming Pool Type and Location Outdoor / Exposed Pool Location


correction value to be used i = 1.25
hours per day available for heating 96 hours
No. of hours per day available for heating = 96 hours

= Heater required Pool Volume * 1000 * ( Tc2 - Tc1) / ( 860 * Avaliable Heating Hour)
= 64.6* 1000 ( 28 - 10 ) / 860 * 96
= 17.7 Kw

Cooling Calculation for Swimming Pools

For cooling purpose in summer seasons chilled water is required to cooling the water temperature
in summer to recommended temperatures
The recommended Pool water temperature is around 28 deg C
Outdoor air condition : 46 / 30 deg C DB/ WB - summer condition , Max 122 deg F
: 10 / 06 deg C DB/ WB - winter condition
During summer time the outdoor air temperature will be around 45 deg C and hence the water
temperature will be the same
So to estimate the cooling load required for the chiller to reduce water temperature to 28 deg C
will be two part as following

hours per day available for cooling 72 hours


No. of hours per day available = 72 hours

The first part is the cooling load required to reduce the water temperature
to 28 deg C as following

Q1 = V * Cp * P * (d T ) / Time Required for cooling


where :-
V= volume of pool
Cp = specific heat of water 4.18 (KJ/Kg.C)
P = specific heat of water = 1 Kg/L
d T = temperature difference

Q1 = 64.6 * 4.186 * 1 * ( 40 - 28 ) / ( 3600 * 72 )


= 12.5 Kw
The second part is the cooling load required to over come the heat lose from the water
surfaces of swimming pool

Q2 = CF *DH * Pool surface area / Time Required for cooling


where :-
CF= Correction Factor
DH = average daily loss from swimming pool surface

from SPATA tables there is no information about heat loss from pool areas the gulf area condition
the avaliable data only at 15deg C out door temp which is = 3.48 Kwh/m 2
Assuming linearity condition the excepeted heat loss at 45deg C = (45/15)x3.48 = 10.44 Kwh/m 2
Q2 = 1.25 * 38 * 10.44 / 72
= 6.9 Kw

So the Total Ciller Capacity will be = Q1 + Q2


= 12.5 + 6.9
= 19.4 Kw
= 66251 Btu/hr
= 5.5 TR

Pump head calculation for swimming pools


Heater pressure drop = 10 ft
Filter pressure drop = 5 ft
Chlorination auto pilot unit = 2 ft
Pipes and fittings losses = 7 ft
Static head heat pump = 5 ft

Pump head = 34.8 ft


Pump HP = 20 HP

Swimming Pool Lighting :


For lighting we need about 5.4 watt to 16.30 watt for each 1m2
Take the watt required for each 1m2 = 10 Watt
Total watt required = 380 Watt
for lamp have capacity of = 300 Watt
No. of lamp required = 1 Lamp

Swimming Pool Conglusion

Pump Capacity 1139 GPM


Pump Head 15 PSI
Pump HP 20 HP
Balance tank V. 45 m3
Filter 7 Filter with Diameter 130 cm
Heater Capacity 17.7 Kw
Cooling Capacity 5.5 TR
Lighting 1 Lamp, Each one 300 Watt
Skimmer Swimming Pool Calculation Sheet

Surface Area of Swimming Pool = 130 m2


Pool average depth = 1.7 m
Got Pool Volume = 221 m3

According To Egyptian Swimming Pool Code for every 25 m2 surface area need 1 inlet
NO. Water Inlets = 5.2 inlets
So Get the No. Of inlets = 5 inlets

According to Type of Swimming Pool Turn Over Period Will be Selected


Swimming Pool Type Diving Pools
Enter No. of Turn Over Period = 6 Time / Day

Get Swimming Pool Pump Capacity = Pool Volume / ( Turn Over Period * 60 )
= 0.61 m3/min

No. Of pump will used = 1 Pump


no. Of standby pumps = 1 Pump

Get pump flow rate = 0.61 m3/min

Acoording to egyptian code for swimming pool 1 skimmer for each 46.5 m 2 from
surface water for swimming pool

No. of Skimmer = 3 Skimmer Unit

To calculate pipe sizing


All Folwing Equation According to SPATA Swimming Pool Manule Design

Supply pipe maximum velocity will be 2 m/s


No. Of inlet = 5 Inlet
Pump flow rate = 36.6 m3/hr
Each inlet give flow rate = 7 m3/hr

Dia 1 = 35.98381 Taking it = 50 mm.


Dia 2 = 50.8888 Taking it = 50 mm.
Dia 3 = 62.32579 Taking it = 65 mm.
Dia 4 = 71.96763 Taking it = 75 mm.
Dia 5 = 80.46225 Taking it = 75 mm.
Dia 6 = 88.14198 Taking it = 100 mm.
Dia 7 = 95.20422 Taking it = 100 mm.
Dia 8 = 101.7776 Taking it = 100 mm.
Dia 9 = 107.9514 Taking it = 100 mm.
Dia 10 = 113.7908 Taking it = 100 mm.
Dia 11 = 119.3448 Taking it = 100 mm.
Dia 12 = 124.6516 Taking it = 100 mm.

NOTE :-
No. of pipe will be taken according to No. of inlet for 4 inlet in series take to Dia 4
Suction pipe maximum velocity will be 1.2 m/s
Pump flow rate = 36.6 m3/hr
No. Of outlet = 4 Outlet
Each outlet give flow rate = 9.15 m3/hr

Dia 1 = 51.42324 Taking it = 50 mm.


Dia 2 = 72.72345 Taking it = 75 mm.
Dia 3 = 89.06767 Taking it = 100 mm.
Dia 4 = 102.8465 Taking it = 100 mm.

NOTE :-
No. of pipe will be taken according to No. of outlet for 2 outlet in series take to Dia 2

Getting the filter area to be used


Pump flow rate = 36.6 m3/hr
Filter area = 1 m2 at 15 gpm / ft2
Assume we have to use a filter with diameter = 50 cm
No.of filter required 2.547771 3 Filter

Heating Calculation for swimming pools

Heater is required for heating purposes at winter seasons if required take inconsideration that
it's not particle to heat the pool without covers at coldest winter months
For calculation purposes the following conditions to be considered:-
The recommended Pool water temperature is around 28 C deg.
Outdoor air condition : 46 / 30 deg C DB/WB summer condition, max 122deg F (50 C)
: 6/ 10 deg C BD/WB -winter condition
From SPATA p5, Sec3, the Average Daily heat loss (DH) in KWhr / m2 of pool surface area

Correction Value Will be Changed According to type of Swimming Pool And it`s Location

Swimming Pool Type and Location No Cover


correction value to be used i = 1.4
hours per day available for heating 24 hours
No. of hours per day available for heating = 24 hours

= Heater required Pool Volume * 1000 * ( Tc2 - Tc1) / ( 860 * Avaliable Heating Hour)
= 221* 1000 ( 28 - 10 ) / 860 * 24
= 269.9 Kw

Cooling Calculation for Swimming Pools

For cooling purpose in summer seasons chilled water is required to cooling the water temperature
in summer to recommended temperatures
The recommended Pool water temperature is around 28 deg C
Outdoor air condition : 46 / 30 deg C DB/ WB - summer condition , Max 122 deg F
: 10 / 06 deg C DB/ WB - winter condition
During summer time the outdoor air temperature will be around 45 deg C and hence the water
temperature will be the same
So to estimate the cooling load required for the chiller to reduce water temperature to 28 deg C
will be two part as following

hours per day available for cooling 72 hours


No. of hours per day available = 72 hours

The first part is the cooling load required to reduce the water temperature
to 28 deg C as following

Q1 = V * Cp * P * (d T ) / Time Required for cooling


where :-
V= volume of pool
Cp = specific heat of water 4.18 (KJ/Kg.C)
P = specific heat of water = 1 Kg/L
d T = temperature difference

Q1 = 221 * 4.186 * 1 * ( 40 - 28 ) / ( 3600 * 72 )


= 42.8 Kw
The second part is the cooling load required to over come the heat lose from the water
surfaces of swimming pool

Q2 = CF *DH * Pool surface area / Time Required for cooling


where :-
CF= Correction Factor
DH = average daily loss from swimming pool surface

from SPATA tables there is no information about heat loss from pool areas the gulf area condition
the avaliable data only at 15deg C out door temp which is = 3.48 Kwh/m 2
Assuming linearity condition the excepeted heat loss at 45deg C = (45/15)x3.48 = 10.44 Kwh/m 2

Q2 = 1.4 * 130 * 10.44 / 72


= 26.4 Kw

So the Total Ciller Capacity will be = Q1 + Q2


= 42.8 + 26.4
= 69.2 Kw
= 236318 Btu/hr
= 19.7 TR

Pump head calculation for swimming pools


Heater pressure drop = 10 ft
Filter pressure drop = 5 ft
Chlorination auto pilot unit = 2 ft
Pipes and fittings losses = 7 ft
Static head heat pump = 5 ft
Pump head = 34.8 ft
Pump HP = 2.8 HP

Swimming Pool Lighting :


For lighting we need about 5.4 watt to 16.30 watt for each 1m2
Take the watt required for each 1m2 = 10 Watt
Total watt required = 1300 Watt
for lamp have capacity of = 50 Watt
No. of lamp required = 26 Lamp

Swimming Pool Conglusion

Pump Capacity 161 GPM


Pump Head 15 PSI
Pump HP 2.8 HP
No. of Skimmer 3 Unit
Filter 3 Filter with Diameter 50 cm
Heater Capacity 269.9 Kw
Cooling Capacity 19.7 TR
Lighting 26 Lamp, Each one 50 Watt
Jacuzzi Calculation Sheet

The design of Jacuzzi is same as the design of swimming pool but with small change
in it there is Air Blower, Domestic Booster Pump , Skimmer, Jet Nozzle

Surface Area of Jacuzzi = 11 m2


Jacuzzi Average Depth = 0.9 m
Got Jacuzzi Volume = 9.9 m3

1- Calculation for Drain outlet, Skimmer, Wall inlets, Pipes , Filter,


& Filtration or Circulation pumps

Turn Over Period = 0.3 Time / Day


Jacuzzi Filtration Pump Capacity = Pool Volume / ( Turn Over Period * 60 )
= 0.55 m3/min

No. Of pump will used = 1 Pump


No. Of standby pumps = 1 Pump

Get pump flow rate = 0.55 m3/min

According to Egyptian code for Swimming Pool 1 Skimmer for each 46.5 m2 from
Surface Water for Swimming Pool
Got No. of Skimmer = 1 Unit

Assuming 50% of water suck from skimmer & 50% will suck from floor drains outlet
Got Flow Rate will discharge in pipes = 0.275 m3/min

Suction pipe maximum velocity will be 1.2 m/s from skimmer & drain outlet
Pump flow rate = 16.5 m3/hr
No. Of outlet = 2 Outlet
Each outlet give flow rate = 8.25 m3/hr

Dia 1 = 48.82878 Taking it = 50 mm.


Dia 2 = 69.05433 Taking it = 65 mm.
Dia 3 = 84.57393 Taking it = 75 mm.
Dia 4 = 97.65756 Taking it = 100 mm.

NOTE :-
No. of pipe will be taken according to No. of outlet for 2 outlet in series take to Dia 2
Supply pipe maximum velocity will be 2 m/s
Pump flow rate = 16.5 m3/hr
No. Of inlets = 1 Inlets
Each Inlet give flow rate = 16.5 m3/hr

Dia 1 = 54 Taking it = 50 mm.


Dia 2 = 76.4 Taking it = 75 mm.
Dia 3 = 93.6 Taking it = 100 mm.
Dia 4 = 108 Taking it = 100 mm.
Dia 5 = 120.8 Taking it = 100 mm.
Dia 6 = 132.3 Taking it = 150 mm.

NOTE :-
No. of pipe will be taken according to No. of outlet for 2 outlet in series take to Dia 2

Getting the filter area to be used


Pump flow rate = 33 m3/hr
Filter area = 0.9 m2 at 15 Gpm / ft2
Assume we have to use a filter with diameter = 50 cm
No. of filter required = 2 Filter

Heating Calculation for Swimming Pools

Heater is required for heating purposes at winter seasons if required take inconsideration that
it's not particle to heat the pool without covers at coldest winter months
For calculation purposes the following conditions to be considered:-
The recommended Pool water temperature is around 28 C deg.
Outdoor air condition : 46 / 30 deg C DB/WB summer condition, max 122deg F (50 C)
: 6/ 10 deg C BD/WB -winter condition
From SPATA p5, Sec3, the Average Daily heat loss (DH) in KWhr / m2 of pool surface area

Correction Value Will be Changed According to type of Swimming Pool And it`s Location

Jacuzzi Type and Location High Water Table


correction value to be used in = 1.25
Hours per day available for heating 24 hours
No. of hours per day available for heating = 24 hours

= Heater required Pool Volume * 1000 * ( Tc2 - Tc1) / ( 860 * Available Heating Hour)
= 9.9 * 1000 * ( 28 - 10 ) / 860 * 24
= 10.8 Kw

Cooling Calculation for Swimming Pools

For cooling purpose in summer seasons chilled water is required to cooling the water
temperature in summer to recommended temperatures
The recommended Pool water temperature is around 28 deg C
Outdoor air condition : 46 / 30 deg C DB/ WB - summer condition , Max 122 deg F
: 10 / 06 deg C DB/ WB - winter condition
During summer time the outdoor air temperature will be around 45 deg C and hence the
water temperature will be the same
So to estimate the cooling load required for the chiller to reduce water temperature to
28 deg C will be two part as following

hours per day available for cooling 72 hours


No. of hours per day available = 72 hours

The first part is the cooling load required to reduce the water temperature
to 28 deg C as following

Q1 = V * Cp * P * (d T ) / Time Required for cooling


where :-
V= volume of pool
Cp = specific heat of water 4.18 (KJ/Kg.C)
P = specific heat of water = 1 Kg/L
d T = temperature difference

Q1 = 9.9 * 4.186 * 1000 * ( 40 - 28 ) / ( 3600 * 72 )


= 1.9 Kw
The second part is the cooling load required to over come the heat lose from the water
surfaces of swimming pool

Q2 = CF *DH * Pool surface area / Time Required for cooling


where :-
CF= Correction Factor
DH = average daily loss from swimming pool surface

from SPATA tables there is no information about heat loss from pool areas the gulf area
condition the available data only at 15deg C out door temp which is = 3.48 KWhr/m 2
Assuming linearity condition the excepted heat loss at 45deg C =
(45/15) x 3.48 = 10.44 KWhr/m2

Q2 = 1.25 * 11 * 10.44 / 72
= 2 Kw

So the Total Ciller Capacity will be = Q1 + Q2


= 1.9 + 2
= 3.9 Kw
= 13318.5 Btu/hr
= 1.1 TR

Pump head calculation for swimming pools


Heater pressure drop = 10 ft
Filter pressure drop = 5 ft
Chlorination auto pilot unit = 2 ft
Pipes and fittings losses = 7 ft
Static head heat pump = 5 ft
Pump head = 34.8 ft
Pump HP = 2.6 HP
2- Calculation for Air Blower, Jet Nozzle, Air Nozzle , Pipes , & Booster Pump,

Assuming Booster pump Capacity equal to 80% from Filtration pump Capacity
Filtration Pump Capacity = 0.55 m3/min

No. Of pump will used = 1 Pump


no. Of standby pumps = 1 Pump

Booster Pump Capacity = 0.44 m3/min

Suction pipe maximum velocity will be 1.2 m/s from skimmer & drain outlet
Pump flow rate = 26.4 m3/hr
No. Of outlet Floor Drains = 3 Outlet
Each outlet give flow rate = 8.8 m3/hr

Dia 1 = 50.43015 Taking it = 50 mm.


Dia 2 = 71.319 Taking it = 75 mm.
Dia 3 = 87.34758 Taking it = 75 mm.
Dia 4 = 100.8603 Taking it = 100 mm.

NOTE :-
No. of pipe will be taken according to No. of outlet for 2 outlet in series take to Dia 2

Jet pipe maximum velocity will be 2 m/s


Pump flow rate = 26.4 m3/hr
No. Of Jet Fitting = 12 Inlets
Each Jet give flow rate = 2.2 m3/hr

Dia 1 = 19.7 Taking it = 40 mm.


Dia 2 = 27.9 Taking it = 40 mm.
Dia 3 = 34.2 Taking it = 40 mm.
Dia 4 = 39.5 Taking it = 40 mm.
Dia 5 = 44.1 Taking it = 40 mm.
Dia 6 = 48.3 Taking it = 50 mm.
Dia 7 = 52.2 Taking it = 50 mm.
Dia 8 = 55.8 Taking it = 50 mm.
Dia 9 = 59.2 Taking it = 65 mm.
Dia 10 = 62.4 Taking it = 65 mm.
Dia 11 = 65.4 Taking it = 65 mm.
Dia 12 = 68.3 Taking it = 65 mm.
Dia 13 = 71.1 Taking it = 75 mm.
Dia 14 = 73.8 Taking it = 75 mm.
Dia 15 = 76.4 Taking it = 75 mm.
Dia 16 = 78.9 Taking it = 75 mm.

NOTE :-
No. of pipe will be taken according to No. of outlet for 2 outlet in series take to Dia 2

Booster Pump head calculation


Pipes and fittings losses = 7 ft
Static head heat pump = 5 ft
Pump head = 15.6 ft
Pump HP = 0.9 HP
Air Blower & Air Jet Nozzle Calculation

No. of get nozzels fixed in Ground = 6 Air Nozzel


Assuming each Jet nozzel give flow equal to = 0.3 m3/min

No. Of duty air blower = 1 Blower


No. Of standby air blower = 1 Blower

Get Air Blower Capacity = 1.8 m3/min

Air nozzel pipe sizing

Dia 1 = 10.6 = 1/2 Inch


Dia 2 = 21.2 = 3/4 Inch
Dia 3 = 31.8 = 1 1/4 Inch
Dia 4 = 42.4 = 1 1/4 Inch
Dia 5 = 53 = 1 1/4 Inch
Dia 6 = 63.6 = 1 1/4 Inch
Dia 7 = 74.2 = 1 1/4 Inch
Dia 8 = 84.8 = 1 1/4 Inch
Dia 9 = 95.3 = 1 1/4 Inch
Dia 10 = 105.9 = 1 1/2 Inch

NOTE :-
No. of pipe will be taken according to No. of jet nozzel for 2 nozzel in series take to Dia 2

Swimming Pool Lighting :


For lighting we need about 5.4 watt to 16.30 watt for each 1m2
Take the watt required for each 1m2 = 10 Watt
Total watt required = 110 Watt
for lamp have capacity of = 50 Watt
No. of lamp required = 2 Lamp

Jaccuzi Pump Room Equipemet

Filteration Pump 145 GPM & 15 PSI & 2.6 HP


No. of Pumps 1 Duty & 1 Standby
No. of Skimmers 1 Skimmer with minimum flow rate 73 GPM
No. Of Filter 2 Filter with Diameter 50 cm
Heater Capacity 10.8 Kw
Cooling Capacity 1.1 TR
Booster Pump 116 GPM & 7 PSI & 0.9 HP
No. of Pumps 1 Duty & 1 Standby
Air Blower 64 CFM
No. of Blower 1 Duty & 1 Standby
Lighting 2 Lamp, Each one 50 Watt
Fountain Design

The basic point in design of fountain from catalogue according to the shape of fountain
and water height and water through and degree of water

One of Companies working in this field is Fontana , made in Greece


Check catalogue in following site

Catalogue
From Catalogue chose the type of Nozzle you want
Insert Following Data

Nozzel Model = MC-125


Nozzel Flow Rate = 72 L/min
Nozzel Tip Pressure = 9.8 m
Maximum Flow Height = 1 m
Size of Inlet Pipe = 1.25 Inch
Quantity = 1 Unit

No. Of pump will used = 1 Pump


No. Of standby pumps = 1 Pump

Get pump flow rate = 4.32 m3/hr

Assuming flow from drain outlet to vacum point = 50 %

Suction pipe maximum velocity will be 1.2 m/s from skimmer & drain outlet
Pump flow rate = 2.16 m3/hr
No. Of outlet = 2 Outlet
Each outlet give flow rate = 1.08 m3/hr

Dia 1 = 17.66692 Taking it = 50 mm.


Dia 2 = 24.9848 Taking it = 50 mm.
Dia 3 = 30.6 Taking it = 50 mm.
Dia 4 = 35.33384 Taking it = 50 mm.

NOTE :-
No. of pipe will be taken according to No. of outlet for 2 outlet in series take to Dia 2

Vacum pipe maximum velocity will be 1.2 m/s from skimmer & drain outlet
Pump flow rate = 2.16 m3/hr
No. Of Vacum Point = 1 Outlet
Each outlet give flow rate = 2.16 m3/hr

Dia 1 = 24.9848 Taking it = 40 mm.


Dia 2 = 35.33384 Taking it = 40 mm.
Dia 3 = 43.27494 Taking it = 40 mm.
Dia 4 = 49.96959 Taking it = 50 mm.
NOTE :-
No. of pipe will be taken according to No. of outlet for 2 outlet in series take to Dia 2
Supply pipe maximum velocity will be 2 m/s

Dia 1 = 27.6 Taking it = 40 mm.


Dia 2 = 39.1 Taking it = 40 mm.
Dia 3 = 47.9 Taking it = 50 mm.
Dia 4 = 55.3 Taking it = 50 mm.

NOTE :-
No. of pipe will be taken according to No. of outlet for 2 outlet in series take to Dia 2

Getting the filter area to be used


Pump flow rate = 4.32 m3/hr
Filter area = 0.1 m2 at 15 Gpm / ft2
Assume we have to use a filter with diameter = 60 cm
No. of filter required = 1 Filter

Fountain Lighting :
For lighting we need about 5.4 watt to 16.30 watt for each 1m1
Surface Area of Fountain Pool = 4 m2
Take the watt required for each 1m2 = 15 Watt
Total watt required = 60 Watt
for lamp have capacity of = 50 Watt
No. of lamp required = 2 Lamp

Pump head calculation for swimming pools


Filter pressure drop = 2 ft
Chlorination auto pilot unit = 2 ft
Maximum distance from farest way to pump = 3 ft
Static head heat pump = 1 ft

Pump head = 44.7 ft


Pump HP = 6 HP

Filteration Pump 108 GPM & 19 PSI & 6 HP


No. of Pumps 1 Duty & 1 Standby
No. Of Filter 1 Filter with Diameter 60 cm

NOTE :-
you can use Submersible or filteration pump
Grease Interceptor Design

There is two method to Calculate the Required Grease Interceptor

Method No.1 :-
To determine the correct size grease trap use the dimensions of the waste sinks.
Grease traps are differentiated by their pounds and gallons per minute.
Grease Traps may be placed under the sink or they may be buried

Dimension in Inch Calculated Percentage Selected


Grease No.
Length Width Depth GPM % GPM
1 12 10 5 1.95 100 1.95
2 10 10 5 1.625 50 0.8125
3 0 0 0 0 25 0
4 0 0 0 0 25 0
5 0 0 0 0 25 0
6 0 0 0 0 25 0
7 0 0 0 0 25 0
8 0 0 0 0 25 0
GPM OF ALL OTHER SOURCES 6
Grease GPM Required 9

Required Grease Interceptor 9 = 9 GPM


For one -minute sink drain 9 = 9 Gallon
For two -minute sink drain 5 = 5 Gallon

For Selection From Zurn Calalogue


For one -minute sink drain = GT2700-10, GT2702-10
For two -minute sink drain = GT2700-07, GT2702-07

Method No.2 :-
This method depends on the no.of fixture unit will be connected to grease interceptor

No. of Fixture unit = 8 Unit


For 3 GPM For 1 Fixture Unit
Required GPM = 24 GPM
For one -minute sink drain = 24 Gallon
For two -minute sink drain = 12 Gallon

For Selection From Zurn Calalogue


For one -minute sink drain = GT2700-25, GT2702-25
For two -minute sink drain = GT2700-15, GT2702-15

Note:-
After Cetting GPM & Gallon Required go to Catalouge to Select Model
Must be connected to internet connection

Watts Zurn