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Introduction and

Review
By: Isman Kurniawan

Tuesday, June 10, 14


The Origins of Organic
Chemistry
Modern definition : the chemistry of carbon
compounds
Organic literally means derived from living
organisms

Tuesday, June 10, 14


Principles of Atomic
Structure
Structure of the atom
Atoms are made up of protons,
neutrons, and electrons
Mass of proton = mass of neutron =
1800 x mass of electron

Tuesday, June 10, 14


Principles of Atomic
Structure
Electronic structure of the atom
The Heisenberg uncertainty principle
The Pauli exclusion principle
Electron density
The probality of finding the electron in a
particular part of the orbital

Tuesday, June 10, 14


Principles of Atomic
Structure
Electronic structure of the atom

Tuesday, June 10, 14


Principles of Atomic
Structure
Electronic structure of the atom

Tuesday, June 10, 14


Principles of Atomic
Structure
Electronic configurations of the atom
Aufbau principle

Tuesday, June 10, 14


Principles of Atomic
Structure
Electronic configurations of the atom
Hunds rule
Octet fule

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Bond Formation
Ionic bonding

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Bond Formation
Covalent bonding

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Lewis Structure

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Multiple Bonding

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Exercise

Write Lewis structure for the following


molecular formulas:
CH3NH2, CH3Cl, HCHO, CH2NH, CH3CN.

Tuesday, June 10, 14


Electronegativity and
Bond Polarity
Nonpolar covalent bond

Tuesday, June 10, 14


Electronegativity and
Bond Polarity
Polar covalent bond

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Electronegativity and
Bond Polarity
Pauli electronegativity scale

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Formal Charges
Determine which atoms bear most of the
charge in a charged molecule.
See charged atoms in molecules that are
neutral overall.
Calculation of formal charge:

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Exercise
Compute the formal charge on each atom
in the following structure:
CH4, H3O+, H3NBH3, [H2CNH2]+.

Tuesday, June 10, 14


Ionic Structure
The structure of CH NH Cl
3 3

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Resonance
Resonance hybrids

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Resonance
Major and minor resonance contributors

octet satisfied
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Structural Formulas
Condensed structural formula

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Structural Formulas
Line-angle formulas

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Self Study

Molecular formulas and empirical formulas


Arrhenius acid and bases
Bronsted-Lowry acids and bases
Lewis acids and bases

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Assignment
1. Draw a Lewis sructure for each compound.
a. N2H4
b. CH3CHO
c. CH3OSO2OCH3
d. (CH3)3CNO

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Assignment
2. Calculate the formal charge on each atom
other than hydrogen

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Assignment
3. Draw the important resonance forms to
show the delocalization of charges in the
following ions

Tuesday, June 10, 14


Assignment

Submit in pdf or jpeg file with appropriate


format/layout
Deadline : 16 June

Tuesday, June 10, 14