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SERVING IMMIGRANTS AND REFUGEES:

A Guide to Careers in the Law

Andrea Gomes
Aaron Spolin
Summer Fellows, 06

Joanna Huey
Summer Fellow, 05

Matt Muller
Teaching and Advocacy Fellow
Howard Immigration & Refugee
Clinic
Alexa Shabecoff, Esq.
Asst. Dean of Public Service

Harvard Law School


Bernard Koteen Office of
Public Interest Advising
Pound Hall 329
Cambridge, MA 02138
(617) 495-3108
2007 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College
Acknowledgements

Great thanks to Nancy Kelly, Dan Kesselbrenner, Suzy Lee, Rob McCreanor, Jennifer Rosenbaum, Greg
Schell, Kerry Sherlock, and Rob Williams for their interviews; most of this guides content is drawn from
their information and insights. Additionally, Scott Paltrowitz contributed valuable edits. This guide could
not have been written without them. Many thanks to Bryan Lonegan for sharing his experiences through
his narrative. Special thanks to Greg Schell for taking the time to both be interviewed and to contribute an
inspiring narrative. Finally, a very special thanks to Deborah Anker for her unwavering support and
expert guidance throughout the duration of this project.
Table of Contents

Introduction..

Issue Areas.

Practice Settings

International Settings

Finding A Job.

Narratives..

Academic Paths at HLS

Relevant Courses

Related Topic.

Extracurricular Activities at HLS

Student Organizations.

Clinics

Contacts.

Fellowships

Selected Organizations

Selected Websites and Publications


Introduction
Immigration relates to the reform has risen to the top of Congresss agenda as the
Here is not merely a attainment of citizenship as public expresses discontent with the current system.
nation, but a teeming well as to the temporary or Reforms enacted or being considered relate to national
Nation of nations. permanent relocation of security, criminal law, administrative and judicial process,
-Walt Whitman individuals from one labor law, civil rights, state and local government law, and
country to another. several other areas. As such it is a particularly interesting
Spanning a wide range of time to be involved in the field of immigration policy and
legal issues, practice settings, and geographic locations, legislative advocacy.
the field of U.S. immigration features enough challenges,
complexities and rewards to rival even the immigrant The current debates and shifting laws also create a vibrant
experience itself. practice environment for those providing direct services to
immigrants. Such services are in high demand across the
Since 9/11, immigration issues have been at the forefront country and particularly in border states and major
of the national consciousness as the government has metropolitan areas (though many small and midsize
enacted sweeping policy changes in reaction to the terrorist communities are also seeing an influx of immigrants).
attacks. The reorganization of the Immigration and Immigration lawyers work anywhere from nonprofit legal
Naturalization Service (INS) and its incorporation into the services to private firms and serve populations ranging
new Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the from impoverished migrant workers to multinational
expanded detention of asylum seekers and undocumented investors. Regardless of the specific placement, providing
migrants, and the increasingly stringent regulation of legal service to immigrants and refugees rewards its
immigrants all reflect the heightened tensions and practitioners with the chance to directly and significantly
emphasis on security. Even more recently, immigration affect clients lives.

Issue Areas
National Security many legitimate visitors to secure entry to the United
States. Terrorist-related activity has come to encompass
a broader array of actions and associations, the result of
Lawyers in the national security area of immigration law
which may be the wide-scale exclusion of individuals who
often work with individuals accused of terrorist activity or
pose no real risk to national security. For example, a
of having affiliations with terror organizations. Lawyers
also represent foreign nationals who need security clearance donation to a hospital run by a humanitarian component of
a terrorist organization could constitute terrorist-related
for a temporary visit to the country. This type of
activity even if the donor was unaware of the affiliation.
immigration advocacy occurs throughout the United States
Immigration lawyers frequently defend visa- and asylum-
and in a variety of practice settings.
seekers, as well as permanent residents,
Some of the hardest-working and who face exclusion or deportation for these
With immigrants accused and detained in
the United States under national security most productive people in this often-unknowing offenses.
statutes, the lawyer usually will focus on city are undocumented aliens. If
you come here and you work hard Especially since 9/11, there has been an
(1) defending against the charges and (2)
and you happen to be in an increased demand for immigration lawyers
attempting to secure the persons release
undocumented status, you're one in the field of national security. Worried
from custody. Immigration lawyers cite
of the people who we want in this that any given respondent could be the
this second, lesser-known aspect of their
work (securing temporary release) as often city. next 9/11 terrorist, many judges have
Rudy Giuliani construed anti-terror provisions very
crucial; detainees with strong cases
broadly, thus increasing the need for
sometimes prefer deportation over
appeals. Furthermore, respondents in
remaining in detention for months while fighting charges.
civil deportation hearings have no right to a lawyer at
government expense and can be held in detention centers
Immigration lawyers might also advocate for the
admission of a foreign citizen who wishes to enter the located far from organizations providing free legal
assistance. This helps explain why fewer than one third of
country temporarily, such as a noted scholar or student
individuals facing deportation have representation and why
who wants to present his or her work at a scientific
the need for immigration lawyers in this field is so great.
conference. However, national security statutes, with their
focus on eliminating even highly prospective or
incremental risks of terrorist activity, make it difficult for
Asylum and Refugees
Trafficking
Lawyers who specialize in asylum and refugee law assist
individuals who are fleeing persecution in their home The U.S. Department of State estimates that nearly 20,000
countries in applying for protection in the United States. noncitizens are trafficked to the U.S. every year to work in
According to U.S. and international law, refugees are forced labor situations, often in the garment, agricultural,
individuals outside their countries of origin who are or sex trades. Immigration lawyers in this field represent
unwilling or unable to return to their country due to past trafficking survivorsvictims of the modern slave trade
or a well-founded fear of future persecution on account of and help them satisfy the conditions necessary to apply for
their race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or special trafficking or violent-crimes visas.
membership in a particular social group (e.g. a sexual
minority). Refugees outside the United States may apply Trafficking victims often come from countries in which
for admissionthrough the U.S. overseas refugee program, they face bleak economic prospects and are desperate for
while refugees already in the country or arriving at its jobs. Traffickers exploit this hardship and offer an
borders may apply for asylum status domestically. Each opportunity to enter and work in the U.S. in exchange for
year the U.S. government determines how many refugees it a percentage of the victims wages or some similar fee
will admit from particular regions of the world through its arrangement. However, once the victim is in the U.S. the
overseas refugee program. In addition, non-U.S. agencies trafficker typically confiscates the victims papers, confines
(such as the United Nations High Commissioner for the victim, forces the victim to work as a domestic
Refugees) often set up processing centers to receive servant, sex slave, or manual laborer (often in the
refugees, evaluate their eligibility for protection, and agricultural or manufacturing sector), and withholds most
facilitate their resettlement in third countries. Non-lawyers or all of their wages. The employer/trafficker may use
(including public officials and nongovernmental workers) physical violence or legal intimidation to maintain control
process much of this overseas work for refugees. over the trafficked victim.

There is no cap on the number of refugees applying inside Lawyers representing individuals applying for specific
the United States who may be granted asylum status. To trafficking visas (T-visas) will first conduct interviews to
receive asylum protection, the client - with his or her determine if the individual is a victim of trafficking. The
lawyer if the client can afford one or is appointed one - basic eligibility criteria require the T-visa applicant to
must prove that he or she satisfies the criteria set forth for establish that he or she (1) was in the U.S. on account of
refugees: they must have suffered persecution or have a the trafficking (2) is cooperating with law enforcement in
well-founded fear of future persecution. The party seeking the prosecution of the trafficker and (3) is in danger of
asylum has to put in a great deal of work showing past suffering extreme hardship if returned to the country of
persecution or proving a well-founded fear of persecution if origin. Documenting these criteria requires lawyers to
forced to return to the country of origin. Due to the many work closely with the victim to prepare the T-visa
difficulties asylum seekers must face in navigating complex application. Often after the 3-year duration of the T-visa,
legal standards and overcoming lingual and cultural the same lawyer will help the former victim apply for
barriers, the involvement of an attorney in a case is often permanent residency and get on the path to becoming a full
pivotal. Valid applications for protection are denied for U.S. citizen.
lack of adequate assistance and preparation, and there is a
tremendous need for lawyers to represent asylum seekers. Unfortunately, fear of deportation, detention or other
This allows the lawyer to have a tremendous impact on negative immigration consequences may discourage
his or her client, representing the client before the asylum trafficking victims from coming forwardespecially in the
office and the immigration courts. current era of heightened enforcement. This requires
advocates and policymakers to focus on community
In the process of representing clients, immigration lawyers education and cooperation with law enforcement to find
will have to interview asylum-seekers, investigate their victims who might otherwise be unable or unwilling to
claims, document their fear of persecution, and even come forward. One difficulty advocates face is working
provide background information on the applicants home hand in hand with enforcement-oriented officials to provide
country to non-lawyer immigration officials who evaluate immigration relief to trafficking victims. Also, lawyers
requests. Additionally, post-9/11 legislation (such as the who represent trafficking victims sometimes find it
strengthened requirements in the REAL ID Act and the emotionally difficult to repeatedly hear stories of violence
expanded definition of terrorist connections in the and severe trauma. However, when clients secure a T-visa
PATRIOT Act) has made asylum status more difficult to and win a civil or criminal case against a trafficker, seeing
obtain. Nonetheless, lawyers working in this area of the positive impact on clients lives is highly rewarding.
immigration law find their jobs both exciting and
fulfilling. Unlike other prospective immigrants, asylum-
seekers and refugees often have few, if any, alternative
options. This increases the pressure on any given lawyer
while also magnifying the emotional reward for a
successful case.
Permanent Residency, Naturalization, Texas may work predominately for Mexican immigrants,
while lawyers in Washington and New York might have a
and Citizenship higher concentration of immigrants from Asia. Attorneys
with language abilities matching the client base in the
Attorneys regularly assist immigrants in various stages region are particularly valued. Overall, lawyers in this
along the path to lawful permanent resident (LPR) status field emphasize that the attainment of permanent residency
and U.S. citizenship. After securing a visa or temporary and citizenship is a major achievement in the lives of their
immigration status, a lawyer may help his or her client clients, and helping immigrants achieve this goal is an
become a lawful permanent resident (i.e. obtain a green enriching experience.
card) by preparing the clients application and
establishing that the client is eligible to enter or remain in
the country as a permanent resident. After several years as a
Family Reunification
legal permanent resident, the immigrant may become a full
Some immigration lawyers help reunite families by
U.S. citizen through the naturalization process.
assisting both immigrants and U.S.-born citizens to
petition for their relatives immigration to the United
Permanent residency and naturalization work arises in a
States. Immigration law provides that U.S. citizens and
broad array of immigration matters. Some immigration
permanent residents may apply for certain family members
lawyers are contracted by businesses that employ foreign
to come to the United States. Many such family
citizens wishing to permanently settle in the United
reunification petitions come from individuals who have
States. Public interest immigration lawyers typically
work for a legal aid clinic or a non-profit organization. In recently immigrated to the U.S. For this reason there is a
greater need for family reunification lawyers in areas with
this setting they may handle a LPR or citizenship
vibrant immigrant communities, although family
application as a distinct matter or as part of an ongoing
reunification cases arise throughout the country.
case for immigration relief, such as asylum. Many
immigrants are not able to afford a private immigration
Family-based immigration cases arise in a variety of
lawyer, and immigrants representing themselves are
generally less successful seeking permanent residence or practice settings. This is because the goal of family
reunification factors into nearly all areas of immigration
citizenship than those with legal counsel. Individuals
law. For example, a lawyer might work to bring a
unfamiliar with the law can make legal mistakes that could
trafficking victims child or an asylum-seekers wife into
eliminate their chance of obtaining permanent residency
the country as part of the work on a trafficking or asylum
and even lead to their deportation. For example, under
case. Citizens may petition for their spouses, children of
current law most immigrants who are out of status (i.e.
undocumented) for over one year must leave the country all ages, siblings, and parents. Permanent residents may
petition for a more limited group of family relations.
and remain abroad for 10 years before they are eligible to
Lawyers working on family-based cases typically interview
re-enter and apply for a green card. Therefore, even though
clients in person or over the phone, prepare petitions, and
clients are not necessarily facing deportation, there remains
represent their clients before the immigration court or
a strong need for representation.
immigration service.
The primary means of obtaining permanent residency is
through petitions filed by family members (see Family Unaccompanied Children
Reunification section) and employers. After waiting five
years as a permanent resident (or four years if the green card Unaccompanied children are undocumented immigrant or
came through asylum/refugee status and three years if refugee minors who are not under the guardianship of an
through marriage) a permanent resident may apply for adult. In the past four years the number of unaccompanied
citizenship. This process is often straightforward and children taken into U.S. custody has risen by nearly 30
involves proving past residency, taking an oath of percent; many of these children are fleeing abuse and
allegiance, and passing a government civics test. However, persecution, and many have no access to legal counsel.
past criminal acts, security-related procedural delays and Such children fall into the custody of federal authorities
other complicated circumstances frequently make a and most likely will appear in immigration court before
lawyers assistance crucial. the Executive Office of Immigration Review (EOIR).
Advocates may work to reunite such children with
The common national origins of immigrants seeking relatives in the United States and have them released into
permanent residencyand eventually citizenshipvaries their family members custody.
based on the location of the immigration lawyer in the
U.S. For example, lawyers in southern California and
Unaccompanied children who are released from government PRACTICE AREA CLOSE-UP
custody or were never apprehended may be under the care Migrant Farm Workers
of an adult who is not their legal guardian. In these cases
attorneys may help secure a guardianship, and obtain Work in agriculture is the poorest paying work in the
permission for children to remain in the U.S. with their country. Farm work has an extremely high concentration
guardians. Under federal law, a juvenile undocumented of immigrants, particularly undocumented or illegal
immigrant may obtain lawful permanent resident status immigrants. According to attorneys in the field, 90% of
under certain circumstances. Lawyers working with farm workers are undocumented immigrants. Jobs in
agricultural labor are plentiful and do not have stringent
unaccompanied children can help them obtain such
qualifications, hence foreign citizens trying to escape
Special Immigrant Juvenile Status (SIJS). An attorney poverty take up jobs as farm laborers in the U.S. While
must show that the child is "eligible for long-term foster migrant farm workers can be found wherever the
care," meaning reunification with the childs parents is not agriculture industry is present, California, Texas, and
a possibility. The court must also determine it is not in Florida have particularly high populations.
the best interest of the child to be returned to their country
of origin, and considers evidence of abuse, neglect, or Due to the seasonal nature of agriculture, those who
abandonment. If the application is successful, the child is obtain their primary income through farm work must
allowed to remain in the U.S., may work upon reaching travel year-round in order to remain employed. Because of
the appropriate age, and in 5 years can apply for the strenuous nature of the work and low wages, worker
turnover is high and many leave farm labor for factory
citizenship. However, if denied SIJS the minor could be
work after a year or two. This diminishes the incentive for
deported. an employer to maintain good work conditions or to
establish a positive relationship with the employees. The
This area of work includes many of the same temporary nature of the work is also a disincentive for
considerations of working with foreign clients and trauma workers to speak out and prosecute against an
survivors, and poses the additional challenge of working employers maltreatment. Because most workers wil l
successfully and constructively with children. Lawyers likely leave an employer or the entire industry in a short
working with unaccompanied children must be sensitive to period of time, there is less of a commitment to bring a
the childs level of mental and emotional development and wrongful employer to justice, perpetuating exploitation.
craft their representation accordingly. Many children are
Besides United Farm Workers (UFW), almost no union
traumatized from abuse or from witnessing violence.
structure exists because of the unpredictable nature of
Children also may also have developed distrust of adults, agriculture and farm workers exemption from the
particularly figures of authority. Cultural differences can National Labor Relations Act. Farm workers are also
also impact a childs perspective; it is important for a exempt from overtime pay, and in approximately half the
lawyer working with unaccompanied children to familiarize states in the U.S. they are not entitled to workers
themselves with each childs background and personal compensation. With immigration reform hotly contested
history. in Washington and roughly one million farm workers
currently undocumented in the U.S., lawyers interested
in aiding immigrant farm workers may become involved
Employment and Labor Rights with policy work, particularly at the national level.
Negotiations between farm workers and the National
Council of Agricultural Employers has resulted in the
Immigrant workers, particularly those in low-paying
Agricultural Job Opportunities, Benefits, and Security
positions, are at a heightened risk of abuse and Act (AgJOBS). This piece of legislation is now part of
discrimination by their employers. Those new to the U.S. the senate comprehensive immigration reform bill and
may not understand the rights they have as workers in this involves an earned legalization program and a reform of
country, and are thus more vulnerable to exploitation by the existing H-2A guest worker program for agricultural
their employers. Language and cultural barriers, lack of workers.
education, and undocumented immigration status are all
contributing factors to the high incidence of employment Although the benefits are sparse, farm workers are stil l
abuse suffered by immigrant laborers. protected by labor laws. As with other immigrant
workers, because of employers who encourage the belief
that no papers means no rights, legal intervention is
Immigrants are often caught in a catch-22. They pay the often required to ensure immigrant farm workers receive
rent and dont qualify for a free attorney to get the what they are entitled to under the law.
services and maintenance theyre paying for in their
housing unit. The only alternative is to go pro se, and
in order to do that the language barrier becomes much Documented and undocumented immigrants are protected
more significant. Then theres the issue of time, you by the same set of labor laws as workers who are U.S.
have to go to court two or three times a week and miss citizens (though their remedies for employer misconduct
work, which is a total impossibility for most of the will vary). However, exploitative employers may promote
families. the belief that noncitizens possess fewer labor rights than
Rob McCreanor, Immigrant Tenant U.S. citizen workers. In particular some employers
promote the belief that undocumented workers are
Advocacy Project unprotected by labor laws. Even when undocumented
workers are aware of their rights, threats by the employer landlords uphold housing standards. Parents often work
to turn such workers over to immigration authorities often two to three jobs to support their families, and because of
prevents them from exercising their rights. As such, low wages they cannot afford a private attorney. According
unscrupulous employers often succeed in denying to Rob McCreanor of the Immigrant Tenant Advocacy
immigrant workers basic labor rights and may also Project, Immigrants are often caught in a catch-22. They
systematically underpay employees or even withhold pay pay the rent and dont qualify for a free attorney to get the
altogether. Many legal advocacy groups focus on services and maintenance theyre paying for in their
community outreach and educating immigrant populations housing unit. The only alternative is to go pro se, and in
to counteract and prosecute unscrupulous employers. order to do that the language barrier becomes much more
significant. Then theres the issue of time, you have to go
Most legal problems facing working immigrants relate to to court two or three times a week and miss work which is
illegal wages and substandard or hazardous working a total impossibility for most of the families.
conditions. Illegally low wages prevent immigrant workers
from obtaining adequate housing, health care, and other Lawyers involved in assisting immigrant communities in
necessities. Lawyers involved with immigrant housing issues typically focus on outreach and organizing
employment issues frequently work to ensure labor laws in addition to representing individual clients. A major
are upheld for immigrant workers. To reach new challenge of this work lies in organizing diverse groups of
immigrant workers and target exploitative employers, people. Frequently landlords are corporate entities that
lawyers and labor rights advocates often visit immigrant own multiple buildings, and to manage caseloads and
communities and job sites in order to detect and address maximize impact lawyers may aggregate clients in order to
unfair treatment. Attorneys must then work closely with target landlords and buildings with chronic problems.
clients to negotiate and possibly bring an action against Lawyers have many opportunities for one-on-one client
the employer. This sort of direct service presents a great contact in the course of both community organizing and
opportunity to work closely with clients. Cases rarely individual representation. Although attorneys in this field
involve only one client; to be successful and have the will primarily interface with housing law, they may work
greatest impact cases often have multiple clients against with a community organization that also provides
the same business or corporation. A victory against an immigration services. In addition to helping housing
abusive employer may lead not only to the award of wages lawyers understand the issues faced by the immigrant
earned and unfairly withheld from the clients, but also community they serve, knowledge of immigration law can
serve to deter that and other employers from exploiting be useful in certain circumstances where immigration
workers in the future. status is relevant to eligibility for housing subsidies and
related benefits.

Related Fields Domestic Violence


Housing Law Although the problem of domestic violence touches
citizens and noncitizens alike, immigrants are at a
Housing available to low-wage immigrants is often heightened risk of being held in abusive relationships by
substandard. Many unskilled and low-skilled immigrant family members who threaten to have them deported if
workers live in metropolitan areas where all low-income they seek help or report their abuse. To counteract this
individuals face a serious shortage of affordable housing. method of entrapment, Congress passed the Violence
Given the tight market and barriers many low-income Against Women Act, which provides domestic violence
individuals face in vindicating their rights under housing survivors an opportunity to secure immigration status
codes and other laws, immigrants may fall victim to without the cooperation of their abusers. Lawyers represent
abusive and neglectful housing practices by landlords. victims of domestic violence before a court or the
Due to language, cultural, and sometimes racial differences immigration servicesometimes both. Qualifying
they may be subjected to discrimination by landlords. immigrants may self-petition for lawful permanent
Undocumented immigrants particularly at risk for abuse residence without the consent of the family member
because they are fearful of revealing their undocumented (typically a spouse) whose relationship would allow for
status and are less likely to confront or take legal action family-based immigration. Domestic violence survivors
against unscrupulous landlords, some of whom threaten to may also be eligible for a U visa if they cooperate with
get their tenants deported should they complain. authorities in the prosecution of their abusers.
Undocumented immigrants are generally guaranteed the
same tenant rights as documented immigrants and U.S. Human Rights
citizens. However, with their undocumented status
reinforcing the common landlord-tenant power asymmetry, Most immigration-related human rights work involves
they are frequently unable to vindicate their rights. refugees and asylum-seekers. The 1948 Universal
Declaration of Human Rights lists the right "to seek and to
A lack of time, resources, and access to legal assistance enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution." This
frequently prevent immigrants from ensuring their principle recognizes that victims of human rights abuse
must be able to leave their country freely and seek under federal immigration law, with severe consequences
protection in another country. The Convention Relating to for family unity. HIV-positive individuals are prohibited
the Status of Refugees further obliges states to recognize from entering the country altogether (although a waiver is
refugees and not return them to a country where they face available under limited circumstances)a form of
persecution. Other international and regional instruments discrimination that advocates for the rights of sexual
provide additional rights to refugees and individuals minorities have often taken the lead in confronting.
fearing torture. Lawyers interested in human rights and Immigration attorneys in this field typically focus on
immigration may work with organizations or individual policy work and advocacy aimed at achieving full equality
asylum-seekers to investigate and document asylum under the immigration law without regard to sexual
claims. (For more information on asylum and refugees, orientation, gender identity, or HIV status.
please see the issue area with the corresponding title
above.) They may also work to ensure that treatment of In addition, immigration attorneys may assist asylum
refugees and asylum applicants by host countries comports seekers whose claims relate to their sexual orientation,
with international law and human rights norms. Human gender identity, or HIV status. Lesbian, gay, bisexual,
rights principles may also be brought to bear on the transgender (LGBT) and HIV-positive individuals may
treatment of all noncitizens in a society, particularly seek asylum because they face persecution on account of
irregular/undocumented migrants. one of these statuses.

Criminal Law
Immigrants charged and convicted of crimes require
criminal defense in addition to defense of their immigration
status. Under federal law, immigrants who are convicted of
aggravated felonies are subject to mandatory deportation.
Under the federal scheme a crime so classified may be
neither aggravated nor a felony as those terms are
typically understood in criminal law. Congress has also
retroactively classified certain crimes as aggravated
felonies even though at the time of conviction (often in
the form of a plea bargain) the crime in question was not a
deportable offense. In some cases lawful permanent
residents may be deported for shoplifting or possession of
small quantities of illegal drugs. Thus, large numbers of
immigrantsincluding long-time permanent residents
with few or no roots in their countries of birth and who do
not even speak their native languageface deportation
for relatively minor criminal offenses. Of course, even
those accused or convicted of more serious crimes are
entitled to a defense and face dire consequences should they
be convicted and deported. Under increasingly stringent
immigration laws, various forms of relief allowing judges
to take account of individual circumstances have given way
to categorical, mandatory deportation of noncitizens
convicted of crimes. However, attorneys can often succeed
in securing for clients what limited relief is available, or in
mounting collateral challenges to the criminal offenses that
are the basis for deportation. Attorneys may also engage
in national policy work that aims to lessen the severity of
current immigration laws and redefine what qualifies as an
aggravated felony.

Rights of Sexual Minorities and HIV-positive


Individuals
Legal entry into the U.S. can no longer be denied on the
basis of sexual orientation. However, sexual minorities
have not yet achieved equal treatment under U.S.
immigration laws. Although several foreign countries and
U.S. states recognize same-sex marriages (or some
equivalent), these relationships are still not recognized
Practice Settings
Legal services or legal aid organizations rely on
government funding; federally funded legal services
organizations are prohibited from serving undocumented
National vs. Local Organizations aliens. It is likely financial resources will be limited,
which can translate to a low level of income, lack of job
The type and focus of immigration work can vary with the security, limited resources, and an overwhelming
scope of the organization. Local, regional, or statewide workload.
groups tend to dedicate their services to the low-income
immigrant population. Usually there are ample However, legal services agencies have the advantage of
opportunities for one-on-one client contact and there is a offering a great deal of responsibility and many
good chance a decent portion of work is spent out in the opportunities for direct client contact. Other benefits are
field; lawyers may go out into the community to conduct flexible working conditions and a supportive environment
outreach and find cases new cases, perform interviews, or of colleagues who share similar interests.
educate the local populace. Depending on the size of the
organization, locally based public service groups may be Faith-Based Organizations
involved in changing state policy and lobbying in the state
legislature. Occasionally local groups also participate in Many faith-based organizations have immigration
national litigation and policy change, but far less divisions or are entirely devoted to aiding immigrants and
frequently than national organizations. refugees. When working with immigrants, being
associated with a religion shared by a large number of the
National organizations tend to be larger and have better local population can establish an instant trust with new or
funding than local or grassroots groups. Large national potential clients. A religious affiliation can also help those
organizations (e.g. the ACLU) also tend to have more doing community education and outreach to get their foot
clout and are most concerned with macro-level in the door; members of a faith-based organization can
involvement, changing or influencing national utilize churches, synagogues and other places of worship to
immigration policy through impact litigation. This can house meetings and find those in need.
mean limited interactions with clients and few or no
opportunities for community outreach or direct service Faith-based organizations have the benefit of being
work. Generally speaking, national work is less hands-on. connected to national and international networks through
Most national groups have an overarching agenda and are their affiliation with a larger religious body. Most do not
involved with national litigation, lobbying, and policy discriminate or restrict services to people of the
work. A job with a large nationally based group often organizations own faith; many faith-based groups are
involves giving advice to and networking with local focused on doing charity work to benefit humanity at large.
groups or local chapters of that organization. For those A religious affiliation may also give an organization more
interested in the influence of a large national group but clout and influence in lobbying for a policy change, as well
prefer more client-based work, a position at a local or as providing a steady stream of funding.
regional chapter could involve work similar to that of an
independent local association. While it may not be essential that an attorney identify
with the religion of the organization they work for, it is
Legal Services/Legal Aid important for a lawyers personal beliefs in the area of
interest to correspond with the religious groups position.
Many legal services offices have an immigration Immigration policies tend to be less controversial than
subdivision specializing in the legal concerns of other issues (e.g. reproductive rights) so working for an
immigrants and refugees. Attorneys at these agencies immigration division of a religious organization is a viable
generally focus on individual case representation; legal employment option for attorneys seeking immigration or
service organizations primarily offer help with various refugee work. Still, it is critical to know the beliefs of a
court proceedings and obtaining and preserving permanent faith-based organization before pursuing a job.
legal status. Clients tend to be limited to those whose
income is below a level fixed by the federal government
and who live within a designated service area. Legal
Non-Profits
services agencies usually provide emergency assistance for
Non-profit organizations rely on a combination of private
those who need immediate assistance obtaining citizenship
and for victims of domestic violence. grants, government funding, and in some cases charging
small fees for service to provide legal assistance to those in
need. Because of this attorneys may need to find grants to
maintain funding and negotiate fees with clients. Non-
profits are involved in both national policy work and
individual case representation, and may use impact (BIA), sometimes referred to as the Board. The BIA is
litigation or legislative initiatives. the highest administrative body for interpreting and
applying immigration laws. All DHS officers and
Non-profit work is often collaborative; attorneys in a non- Immigration Judges are bound by the decisions of the BIA
profit generally work in teams to select new cases, unless altered or overruled by a Federal court or the
brainstorm case and advocacy strategies, and to litigate Attorney General. All decisions made by the BIA are
cases. These organizations often offer training and legal subject to judicial review in the Federal courts. The
clinics, and provide excellent opportunities for direct client majority of appeals involve orders of removal and
contact. Although non-profits offer a lower salary than applications for relief from removal. Other cases include the
most private firms, they often offer the flexibility for an exclusion of aliens applying for admission to the United
attorney to represent individuals, become involved with States, petitions to classify the status of alien relatives for
impact cases, and to be a part of legislative initiatives. the issuance of preference immigrant visas, fines imposed
upon carriers for the violation of immigration laws, and
Private Public Interest Firms motions for reopening and reconsideration of decisions
1
previously rendered.
Private public interest firms are private, for-profit firms that
EOIR has 53 immigration courts across the nation and
dedicate the majority of their practice to a social justice
headquarters in Washington, D.C. In addition to
mission. Private public interest firms do not receive
employing adjudicators, attorneys and law clerks, EOIR
government or grant funding. Because the firms emphasis
offers clerkships and internships for law students. Those
is on service rather than making a profit, clients are often
chosen by need rather than ability to pay. Attorneys in interested doing government work with refugees and
unaccompanied children should investigate job
these firms often scale fees or do pro bono work. In the
opportunities within the Office of Refugee Resettlement
case of serving immigrants and refugees, private public
(ORR) under the Department of Health and Human
interest firms can offer affordable services to individuals
Services (HHS). The Department of Unaccompanied
facing the immigration court or Board of Immigration
Children Services (DUCS) is a subdivision of the ORR,
Appeals, or to immigrants facing criminal charges or civil
disputes. which handles issues regarding unaccompanied minors.

The Immigration and Nationality Act dictates that persons


Not all private public interest firms are solely dedicated to
in removal proceedings before an Immigration judge do
public service, and an attorney working for such a firm
not have the right to free counsel; they are allowed to have
may have to do legal work unrelated to serving the public
counsel but at no expense to the government. When
or assisting immigrants and refugees. These firms can offer
a potentially better salary than a non-profit or legal services considering the cost of a private attorney, it is troubling
but not surprising that a large number of immigration
group. The work involves direct client contact and
proceedings are conducted pro se (65% in 2005) due to the
representation, and firms offer a variety of support services,
absence of government provisions for counsel for indigent
training, good supervision, and mentoring. 2
aliens. This rate of representation worries the EOIR
officials themselves, who term these self-representing
Government 3
individuals a great concern. The rate of representation
for BIA cases is higher (69% represented in 2005) but still
4
In recent years, the governments focus on undocumented reveals a significant pro se caseload. The need for
immigration has been compounded by concerns about affordable or free counsel is apparent.
th
terrorism. A week after September 11 , 2001, Attorney
General John Ashcroft announced the establishment of anti-
terrorism task forces in every U.S. Attorneys office as well
as the institution of indefinite periods of detention for
th
aliens. Another outcome of September 11 was the
massive restructuring of the Immigration and
Naturalization Service (INS), part of the most drastic
reorganization of the federal government since the creation
of the Department of Defense. Through the passage of the
Homeland Security Bill, the government created the new,
Cabinet-level Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
Currently, the three divisions of the DHS oversee
immigration: U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP),
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), and
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).
1
EOIR, Board of Immigration Appeals
Adjudication occurs through the Executive Office for 2
EOIR, 2005 Statistical Year Book p. 35
Immigration Review (EOIR) in the Department of Justice 3
EOIR, 2005 Statistical Year Book p. 60
(DOJ). Within EOIR is the Board of Immigration Appeals 4
Ibid.
INTERNATIONAL SETTINGS
IGOs, NGOs, and INGOs
For obvious reasons, immigration issues have international
significance. Human migration and the related issues of
refugee crises, internally displaced persons, immigration,
labor migration, human trafficking and sexual slavery are the
focus of many international organizations. Intergovernmental
organizations (IGOs), nongovernmental organizations
(NGOs), and international nongovernmental organizations
(INGOs) do the majority of mission-based advocacy and
service work on the global level.

NGOs are nonprofit organizations independent of any


government. They are typically service oriented and do
mission-based advocacy work. There are large and small
NGOs operating around the world and organized for just
about every purpose imaginable. NGOs are not necessarily
international, but many locally based NGOs exist outside of
the U.S. in countries around the world. INGOs are large
NGOs (usually based in the U.S., Geneva, or London) that
have offices in various nations. NGOs and INGOs offer a wide
variety of legal work; advocacy is the focus of most and
attorneys employed by an NGO may work drafting legislation
to change immigration and refugee policies or writing amicus
curiae briefs. Attorneys may also assist an NGO in attaining
nonprofit or tax-exempt status. NGOs also have opportunities
for direct service work; the extent to which an NGO is
advocacy or client focused varies with each organization.

IGOs are entities involving two or more nations created by a


treaty. These nations have agreed to work together in good
faith on common-interest issues. Unlike NGOs who are
independent of governments and rely on private sources of
funding, IGOs have the financial and political support of their
members. IGOs offer a wide variety of international legal
work, but are said to be less hands-on than NGOs or other
nonprofit groups. Lawyers do work representing the IGO in
an international court, serving as a policy advisor,
conducting legal research, and legally assisting in dispute
resolution. An IGO dealing with international migration
issues, in addition to providing direct assistance to migrants
or refugees, may work with cooperating governments in
reforming migration policies to serve the best interest of both
member nations and migrants and refugees.

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees


(UNHCR) is a leading IGO working to preserve and defend
the rights and well-being of refugees. Aiding people in over
100 countries, the UNHCR offers many opportunities to
defend and serve refugees.

To find more information on NGOs, INGOs, and IGOs, and


tips on how to land a job, students should see chapters 3 and
4 of Serving the Public: A Job Search Guide, Volume II -
International. Lawyers interested in international human
migration and refugee work should not overlook
opportunities for international work available in the
thousands of IGOs, NGOs and INGOs worldwide.
Finding A Job
Finding a legal career serving immigrants and refugees can a language spoken by clients could give you a significant
pose a challenge. Due to a lack of funding getting a job at advantage in both the hiring process and the work itself.
most public service organizations is highly competitive. Having a strong knowledge of a second language is most
For most service organizations, it is more important to important for those who wish to do direct service work or
demonstrate a genuine interest for the work than it is to community outreach; those focused on policy change and
have flawless grades. However, it is important to have a national litigation will spend less time interacting with
strong academic record and be involved in activities that clients and thus have less of a need to speak their
are related to immigration issues. It is also highly language.
advantageous to work for an organization that handles legal
immigration concerns while a student in law school; Because of the large number of people immigrating
connections made and experience gained during a summer to the U.S. from Latin America, Central America,
internship can facilitate landing a job after graduation. The and Mexico, Spanish is a predominant language.
following chapters outline courses and activities at Harvard
The most useful language spoken corresponds to
Law School helpful to students considering legal careers in
immigration. A catalogue of fellowship opportunities and
the immigrant nationality with the most
selected organizations is also provided to help locate representation, which varies with shifting
funding, internships, and jobs in the field. immigration trends and between different locations
in the U.S. It is important to know which region
Language Skills you wish to work in before deciding which language
to learn; if you already have knowledge of a second
Language skills, while a great help, are not essential to a or third language, you may want to choose to work
successful legal career in immigration affairs. Organizations in an area of the country where that language is
usually employ translators that assist attorneys in prevalent.
interviewing and communicating with their clients.
However, because jobs are so competitive, being fluent in

Narratives
Greg Schell, HLS 79 other offers from public interest employers, I agreed to
move to Immokalee, Florida, sight unseen and knowing
Florida Legal Services, Inc. nothing whatsoever about migrant farm workers or their
Migrant Farmworker Justice Project legal problems.
Managing Attorney Nearly three decades later, I am still at it, representing farm
workers in Florida in employment law matters. Most of
BACK WHEN I was a 3L at HLS, there was no public
my cases involve wages most of farm workers problems
interest advising office, and precious few public interest
stem from the fact that perform dangerous work at very low
employers showed up at the school. I knew that I didnt
pay rates. The job has proven so much more rewarding
want a job with a firm, but beyond that, I had no clear idea
and challenging than I could have ever imagined. At a
of what I wanted to do after graduation. On a whim, I
time when many of many HLS classmates are miserable in
signed up for an interview with a migrant legal services their jobs, despite earning high salaries as partners at the
program in Florida that showed up on a snowy February
nations leading firms, I relish each day at work. I have
afternoon at HLS.
had the chance to represent some of the best clients anyone
could ask for. At the same time, I have been able to
I had an extended interview, because no one had signed up
litigate cases of national importance involving employee
for interviews in the two slots behind me. The recruiter
rights. Although I was far from the smartest person in my
was dressed casually in a flannel shirt and spent the next class at HLS, I have been lead counsel in more reported
hour regaling me with tales of outrageous abuses of
federal court cases than all but a handful of my classmates.
migrant workers and the general weirdness of practicing
One of my recent cases was described in the National Law
law in a rural community in the South. The job sounded
Journal as perhaps the most important minimum wage
like a hoot a chance to work in a Peace Corps-type
case in the past 20 years. I had the privilege of handling
environment without leaving the U.S. Lacking many
the only farm worker case to make its way to the U.S. wasnt fair that the federal law didnt cover their work
Supreme Court (we were able to persuade HLS Professor while it protected their co-workers who migrated on a
Larry Tribe to handle the oral argument at the Supreme seasonal basis.
Court).
Predictably, my clients were fired shortly after suit was
Most of the defendants in our cases are represented by big filed and evicted from their housing. Several of them went
firms, with the capacity for assigning many lawyers to a months before they found another job. To make matters
single case. Usually, our side is out-gunned in terms of worse, the federal district court entered a directed verdict
manpower and resources. Nonetheless, we win most of against the workers. We appealed the ruling to the
our cases. Theres a certain David vs. Goliath thrill in Eleventh Circuit, which set oral argument for the main
these victories. Its awfully sweet winning against the big courtroom in downtown Atlanta. I told the plaintiffs about
firms on behalf of the poor and downtrodden, especially the upcoming oral argument and, to my surprise, they
when youve been outspent and outnumbered every step of insisted on attending. I pointed out that the arguments
the way. would be on legal points and would be entirely in
English. My clients, all monolingual Spanish speakers,
One of the toughest parts of my job is deciding which were unmoved. It was their case and they wanted to be
cases to take on and pursue through litigation. There are there.
an estimated 250,000 farm workers in Florida and almost
all of them have legal problems relating to their So, on a gray and rainy February morning, I met my
employment. We have to try and select cases that have clients in front of the appeals court. They had driven all
an impact well beyond the parties to the case. This may night long from their homes in northern Florida, arriving
mean that the case will result in damages or other relief in Atlanta just before dawn. That day, things were a bit
benefiting a large number of workers. It also includes unusual in the grand courtroom where the three appellate
cases that are likely to result in an important change in the judges were hearing oral arguments. Usually the
case law that will ultimately improve the situation for courtroom is empty except for the lawyers presenting
migrants and other low-wage workers. This makes every arguments that day. I swelled up with pride in standing
case an important one, one that you can be passionate up and introducing my clients, one by one, to the court
about. We dont have the luxury of taking gray area before the oral argument began. Although my clients
cases to court; in every suit we file, our clients are probably understood almost none of the argument, they
unquestionably the good guys, the people who have beamed throughout the lawyers presentations. And there
been mistreated, cheated or abused. was one great fiesta nine months later when the appeals
court ruled unanimously in our favor and extended the
The intellectual stimulation is great, and theres some protections of federal migrant worker laws to all field
level of ego gratification in litigating important precedent- workers, even those who work year-round rather than
setting cases. However, the most important factor that migrating. No one could have better or more loyal clients.
makes my job so special is the remarkable human beings If representing people like these does not produce passion
that I am privileged to represent. My clients are among for their cause, you dont have a pulse.
the hardest-working people in America. They dont come
to me seeking a handout or charity all they want is what Bryan Lonegan
is due to them. Despite the fact that their entire life
experience has shown them that no one really cares about Legal Aid Society of New York
them, my clients show amazing confidence in the justice Immigration Law Unit
system. For many of them, the money involved in the
case is secondary; what they seek is respect and affirmation
Staff Attorney
of the rectitude of their position. Its an enormously
empowering experience for my farm worker plaintiffs to TWENTY YEARS AGO, if you had told me that I would
speak in a federal courtroom where, for probably the first be doing what I am doing now, I would have said you
time in their lives, a person of importance in the power were daffy. In theory, I am an immigration lawyer. But
structure of society is listening intently to their words. even though my clients are all immigrants, I don't really
do much immigration work. I don't help people come to
I am constantly inspired by the devotion of my clients to the United States as much as help stop them from being
their cases and justice. In one precedent-setting case, a kicked out.
farm worker family challenged a longstanding
interpretation that federal migrant protection laws did not I am a staff attorney with the Legal Aid Society's
cover workers who were employed on farms on a year- Immigration Law Unit in New York City. Although the
round basis and did not migrate. Before we filed suit, I Society is huge firm with some 900 lawyers, the
cautioned my clients that they risked their jobs and their immigration unit, with but ten lawyers, is minuscule. But
employer-provided housing by bringing the case. I also we occupy a fairly unique place in New York's legal
told them that the damages they stood to recover were community: we are the only regular source of free lawyers
modest, even by migrant farm worker standards. My in New York City for non-citizens facing deportation
clients didnt care; they believed fervently that it simply because at some time during their life in the United States
they ran afoul of the criminal justice system. To be sure, are usually sent to some remote place like Oakdale,
there are many other organizations that provide Louisiana to have their case heard. Miles form home and
immigration services, but criminal deportation is our family, the evidence you need to defend yourself, and not a
specialty. free lawyer in sight. A few lucky ones will be held in one
of several county jails in New Jersey and have their case
Within our unit, we have but one lawyer, me, for folks heard at the immigration court in New York. That is
who are in immigration detention pending resolution of where I come in.
their cases. Amazing. A city of nine million people with a
tremendous immigrant population and I am the only free Because most of the detainees have no counsel (in
lawyer for those immigrants who are being detained and immigration court you have the right to counsel, but not
deported for their crimes. That is not a boast, that is a assigned counsel), I go the jails a couple of time a month
complaint. Sadly, New York is in a better position than to conduct "know-your-rights" sessions: group legal
most cities. presentations where I meet with the detainees and try to
sort out their options. In this I am often assisted by law
None of my clients have clean hands. They have all done students. I also manage a weekly hotline for the detainees
something wrong. Yes, I have seen murderers, robbers, and their families to call for advice. In this I am assisted
and generally all-around creepy people. But they are not by volunteer lawyers from the law firm of Hughs Hubbard
the norm. Many of the people I see are sad cases - and Reed. Through this process, I identify people who
mentally ill or substance abusers. But far too many are have meritorious claims for a waiver and who are in need
fairly good people who have simply made a mistake and or representation. I take some cases myself and others I
are now facing exile form the only lives they have known. refer to a cadre of volunteer lawyers I have trained.
They are our neighbors, co-workers, the waiter in our There are many who would reflexively say good riddance
favorite restaurant, our kids' nanny's son, and sometimes to criminal aliens. After all, they broke the law and
our own kin. should be punished. But that is the point. They were
punished just like their U.S. citizen counterparts. Now
For over 100 years the US has had laws that allow for the they must face the additional punishment of exile
deportation of so called "criminal aliens." In the regardless of their individual circumstances or relative
beginning, these laws were aimed mostly at prostitutes, blameworthiness. If we must use it, we need to recognize
but over the years the list of deportable offenses grew. that banishment is an extreme sanction and should only be
Twenty years ago we deported approximately 2000 people employed when truly deserved.
because of their criminal offenses. By 2005 that number
had risen to some 84,000. Many of the people I deal with In the first six months of 2006, I interviewed, counseled,
are here illegally, visa overstay or people who secretly advised, approximately 300 individuals and their families.
crossed the border. They're removable simply because of Of that, approximately a third were lawful residents. Of
their illegal status though certainly many have criminal these, most are from the Caribbean or Central America.
record as well. The folks that concern me the most, Approximately half arrived in the US when they were kids
however, are the lawful permanent residents - green card or teens. Forty four percent were over 40 years old, and
holders - people who can legitimately call this country almost the same number had lived in the US for over
home. twenty years. Most startling, 88% had either a US citizen
spouse, child, or parent.
The increase in deportations is due to the last round of
"comprehensive immigration reform" in 1996 when We took on six cases in that time. Won three, lost one,
Congress expanded the list of deportable crimes to include the others are still pending. For the rest I provided grief
practically everything but jaywalking. What's more, the counseling. Pretty depressing stuff at times, but I wouldn't
law expanded a certain class of crimes known as give it up. Winning is sweet.
"aggravated felonies" and mandated that such crimes
subjected the offender to mandatory deportation. No Last year I represented a 68 year-old janitor who was
exceptions. The problem is that the definition of an arrested by immigration at his job at a courthouse of all
aggravated felony is so broad that includes many crimes places. He had a twenty-five year old conviction for
that are not even felonies at all. A conviction of selling drugs to an undercover for which he had gone to
shoplifting, for example, is a misdemeanor in most states, jail for four years. These days, he was a quite family man.
but if the judge imposes a one year suspended sentence The husband of a U.S. citizen, father of four US citizen
which is fairly common, you are an aggravated felon and kids - the youngest was 14 years old. When the old man
must be deported. For the lucky ones, there is still a was detained, his young daughter took a nose dive. She
.possibility of begging a judge for a second chance which had been a good student, but after her dad's arrests she
is not always granted. started drinking and then self-mutilating. We got her into
counseling. Meanwhile, the old man, who had a
Further, anyone who is removable because of a criminal pacemaker and defibulator planted in his chest, was not
conviction after 1998, is now subject to mandatory receiving his medication while in jail and was getting
detention, (i.e. no bail). Because there is no immigration terribly ill. We finally got his release on bond and then
detention facility in NYC, New Yorkers subject to this law convinced the government that he should not be deported.
My memory of the look on that little girl's face when she
found out her father wasn't going to be sent away will
never go away either.

So how can you get a job doing this? You can't. Or at


least, there are very very few opportunities. Shortsighted
foundations and funders don't want to pay for this work.
It's not popular stuff. Money for criminal immigrants?
You've got to be kidding! They claim that paying for
lawyers is a zero sum proposition, that there's no long
term payoff. They should meet my client's little girl.

Nonetheless, the need for counsel is tremendous, to say the


least. Some legal aid and public defender offices are
beginning to include criminal deportation in their work
and as time goes on there will be pressure for more
services. In the meantime, if you cannot find a job in the
field, then takes cases pro bono. You will not regret it.

Academic Paths at HLS


Students can prepare themselves for careers in immigration Greater Boston Legal Services (GBLS) and Harvard Law
by choosing electives whose subject matter involves School, The Harvard Immigration and Refugee Clinic
immigration and refugee , or topics related to work with provides excellent experience to students considering legal
refugees. Below, the Relevant Courses section provides work in immigration and refugee issues. The clinic is
a list of elective classes offered by Harvard Law School housed at GBLS, and Harvard Law School Professor
which address immigration and refugee issues directly. Deborah Anker serves as the Director.
Having these courses on your record can demonstrate
interest in and commitment to the field, which is critical The Harvard Immigration and Refugee Clinic allows
to landing a career. Such courses may also provide students to represent of victims of human rights abuses in
knowledge that is useful on the job. Courses listed under applying for US refugee and related protections. Cases also
Related Topics may not focus directly on immigration may involve family reunification and avoidance of forced
but cover other areas that are related to working with removal in immigration proceedings. Students engage in
immigrants and refugees, such as housing law and human extensive client interviews, perform investigations and
rights work. A note of caution: the courses below were gather evidence, compile and analyze human rights and
extracted from Harvard Law Schools 2005-2006 course country-condition information, and prepare legal briefs,
bulletin. Students should check the latest course listing factual affidavits, expert witness affidavits and testimony.
online to obtain the most up to date information. Many students work intensively on one or two cases.
Students may have experiences involving administrative
Clinical Programs hearings, federal court and administrative appellate brief
writing, and regulatory reform. The Women Refugees
Project, an internationally recognized program, does
Clinical programs offer law students invaluable
groundbreaking work on women's international human
opportunities to gain practical experience while they are
rights and political asylum claims. Students may be
still earning their J.D. Taking part in clinical programs
involved in the development of position papers and
allows students to do actual legal work in the field; clinics
innovative legal theories for amicus briefs in connection
allow students to gain first-hand experience while
investigating and enriching their career interests. A with political asylum claims filed around the country and,
in some instances, before international tribunals.
collaborative effort between
explore implementation of on human rights issues affecting
Relevant Courses international refugee law through children who cross borders. Why
domestic courts and to examine are increasing numbers of children
policy developments related to migrating without their families - to
Citizenship: Seminar forced migration. Other issues reunify with migrant parents after
covered include gender persecution, being left behind, in search of
Professor: Mr. Gerald Neuman
asylum eligibility for victims of asylum, as victims of sexual or
Description: The term "citizenship"
non-state persecutors (husbands, labor trafficking, as child soldiers,
has many meanings in sociology,
rapists, guerrilla forces), asylum and as transnational adoptees? Why are
political theory, and law. It can
"terrorism," refugee and asylum- citizen children unable to prevent
denote a relationship to a polity, a
seeking children, the relationship the deportation of their non citizen
social status, an activity, a package between the Refugee Convention parents (does citizenship mean
of rights or a package of
and the Convention Against anything for children)? The course
responsibilities. This seminar will
Torture. The course concludes with will consider immigration, refugee
explore both theoretical and
a consideration of recent responses and human rights questions as they
practical perspectives on citizenship,
to the problem of mass relate to international childhood
particularly as they affect the legal
displacement, including "safe today. Jointly offered by the John F.
construction of citizenship. Among havens," and other forms of Kennedy School of Government and
the topics to be discussed are the
temporary or humanitarian the Law School.
respective rights of citizens and
protection. Students who wish to
foreign nationals, alien suffrage,
enroll in the course with a clinical
women's citizenship, multicultural
component must do so through the Refugee Law: Asylum,
citizenship , dual (or multiple)
nationality, birthright citizenship,
Office of Clinical Programs. Gender and
and deprivation of citizenship for
Immigration Law International
violation of allegiance. No prior
study of immigration or nationality Advocacy: Clinical
law is necessary. Professor: Mr. Gerald Neuman Seminar
Requirements include regular Description: Migration policy has
attendance and participation, two long provoked controversy and has Professor: Ms. Deborah E. Anker
short reaction papers, and a final become even more contentious in Description: Students can take this
seminar paper. the new era of homeland security. seminar for academic credits only.
This course will examine federal Those who choose additional
immigration law and policy in a
Human Rights, State variety of its aspects --
clinical credits will be placed at the
HIRC (and will be required to take
Sovereignty, and contemporary and historical, the one-credit, Refugee and Asylum
Persecution: Issues in substantive and procedural, Law and Advocacy course).
statutory and regulatory and Women applying for asylum under
Forced Migration and constitutional -- including the U.S. and international law often
Refugee Protection criteria for admission to the United raise human rights claims of gender
Professor: Ms. Jacqueline Bhabha States on a temporary or permanent violence or gender discrimination.
Description: This course explores basis, the grounds and process of Over the past 10 years, their cases
differing types of forced migration deportation, the peculiar have resulted in the development of
today, including refugee flight, constitutional status of foreign a special area of refugee law known
asylum, internal displacement, nationals, the role of the courts in as "gender asylum law." Gender
trafficking. It analyses the ensuring the legality of official asylum law has transformed the field
institution of asylum, as a tool of action, and an introduction to of refugee law generally, and
states and an aspect of international refugee law. resulted in the adoption of a human
human rights protection. It rights paradigm as the foundation of
questions whether the concept of refugee law generally. This course
refugee protection or asylum is
International will explore key issues in gender
outdated. The definition of a refugee Childhood, Rights, and asylum law, such as, rape as
in international law is considered in persecution, gender as a defining,
Globalization perceived "immutable"
detail, including key concepts such
as "well-founded fear of characteristic, gender discrimination
Professor: Ms. Jacqueline Bhabha
persecution." Comparative and the meaning of politics, and
Description: This course deals with gender violence as a core human
materials, including case law, from the impact of globalization of
the United States, Europe, rights abuse. The seminar will
different aspects of childhood, and
Australia, and Africa are used to critically examine not only specific
doctrines in the field, but the work to Present course. Most clinical placements
of domestic and international NGOs will be at the Hale and Dorr Legal
in advocating for the rights of Professor: Mr. Kenneth Mack Services Center or at the Harvard
women refugee claimants. Student Legal Aid Bureau (for members). A
Description: Between the onset of
work for the seminar will entail limited number of alternative
Reconstruction and the close of the
clinical projects with NGOs, or clinical placements can be arranged
twentieth century, Americans
papers examining the relationship in advance through the Office of
transformed the legal contours of
between doctrine, institutions and Clinical Programs. Clinical
public life, creating both national
advocacy generally. Students who citizenship and a centralized federal students with a placement at the
wish to enroll in this course with a Hale and Dorr Center must also
state. This course will consider
clinical component must do so enroll in the one-credit Clinical
how and why this happened, taking
through the Office of Clinical Workshop.
in changes in labor law,
Programs. Students who wish to enroll in the
immigration law, race relations,
class with a clinical component
family law and women's rights, the
legal profession, as well as the rise must do so through the Office of
Refugee and Asylum Clinical and Pro Bono Programs.
of corporate capitalism and the
Law: Clinical administrative state. Substantial
Workshop time will be devoted to discussing
alternative historical methodologies Human Rights
and competing interpretations of the
Professor: Ms. Deborah E. Anker social and legal history of the Advocacy: Seminar
Description: This period. Class format consists of
seminar/workshop, which is both discussion, where student Professors: Mr. James Cavallaro
attended by all participants at the participation will be important, and and Ms. Binaifer Nowrojee
Harvard Immigration and Refugee lecture components. The readings Description: In the space of fifty
Clinic (HIRC), addresses will be taken from multisided years, human rights advocates have
substantive national and materials consisting of both primary transformed a marginal utopian ideal
international refugee law along with and secondary historical sources. into a central element of global
issues of credibility and proof, discourse, if not practice. This
institutional context, and advocacy course examines the actors and
skills including preparation of cases Housing Law and Policy organizations behind this
and client testimony. Specific remarkable development. What are
seminar topics have included: Professor: Mr. David A. Grossman the origins of the human rights
Partnering Voices (Preparing Client Description: This course will movement and where is it headed?
Testimony and Affidavit Writing), provide an introduction to housing What does it mean to be a human
Establishing and Assessing Witness law and policy through an analysis rights activist? What are the main
Credibility, Expert Testimony, of issues facing practitioners who challenges and dilemmas facing
Human Rights Research and represent low and moderate income those engaged in rights promotion
Documentation, Institutional Actors tenants. We will discuss various and defense?
(The Asylum Office and government policies, including This seminar introduces students to
Immigration Court), Advocacy in issues around public housing, human rights advocacy through
the Refugee Field, and Impact subsidies, code enforcement, and participation in supervised projects,
Litigation, Domestic and rent control; the processes of as well as readings, class
International Advocacy on Refugee abandonment and gentrification; and discussion, role-playing and
Issues. HIRC constantly refers to, how these policies and processes do participatory evaluation of advocacy
and draws heavily for instructional or should affect the case-taking strategies. The clinical projects
examples from, current clinical priorities and strategies employed will involve work individually or in
experiences of students (and their by attorneys striving for effective small groups in collaboration with
actual cases and clients) in order to intervention in the lower income human rights NGOs and/or before
enhance substantive legal education housing market. The class will intergovernmental bodies.
and deepen the clinical experience. draw on students' experiences in In addition to the primary clinical
Enrollment for this course is clinical placements (and elsewhere) component, this course will expose
through the Office of Clinical and as well as on the perspectives of a students to some of the practical
Pro Bono Programs only. variety of players in the housing manifestations of the main debates
market--among them, developers, and dilemmas within the human
Related Topics tenants, organizers, lobbyists,
judges, and a variety of practicing
rights movement. These will
include several of the ethical and
lawyers--who will appear as guest strategic issues that arise in the
Legal History: Law, panelists. Students may--and are course of doing fact-finding and
encouraged to--elect a practice advocacy and balancing the often
Society, and American component of 2, 3, or 4 clinical differing agendas of the western
Constitutionalism, 1865 credits in conjunction with the international nongovernmental
organizations (NGOs) and their Seminar format or in small group meetings
counterparts in the (frequently non- with the professor to discuss
western) developing world. Professor: Ms. Lani Guinier assigned readings and student work.
Students will be admitted by
Description: Lawyers who advocate
Class sessions will focus on permission of the professor and only
for the disadvantaged and under-
analysis of advocacy from the recent if they have taken the course The
represented and thus for a more
history of the human rights Responsibilities of Public Lawyers
equal, sustainable, and participatory
movement, but will also include or the seminar Critical Perspectives
society are practicing in a new
role-playing sessions and student- context today. These lawyers use on the Law. Students will have the
led discussions of their clinical option of signing up for one or two
different techniques and play
projects. Students who wish to additional independent writing
different roles than those of the
enroll for this course with a clinical credits with the instructor's
litigation impact lawyers of the
component must do so through the permission.
1960s or 1970s. In this year-long
Office of Clinical Programs. Students who wish to enroll in the
seminar, we will take an in-depth
look at new lawyering practices. We seminar with a clinical component
Human Rights must do so through the Office of
will build on the critique of
Clinical and Pro Bono Programs,
Research: Seminar traditional lawyering models
after obtaining the instructor's
presented in the Responsibilities of
permission. This course will not be
Public Lawyers course, and further
Professor: Mary Ann Glendon available through the online
Description: This seminar will engage with theories of race, gender,
and power as developed in the Clinical Lottery.
consist of supervised research and
Critical Perspectives seminar, to
writing on the following
search for roles, sites, and practices
contemporary human rights issues:
of public education and legal
human rights and national
advocacy that build ethical
sovereignty; roles of NGOs in
human rights; human rights and relationships, enhance learning and
motivate emancipatory action. The
foreign aid; and foreign and
goal of the seminar is to move
international norms in national
beyond critique, to engage with
courts.
actual lawyering models and
pedagogical projects that seek to
realize transformative aspirations in
Theory and Practice of down-to-earth ways.
Students will meet in a workshop
Public Lawyering:

Extracurricular Activities at HLS


Activities
Harvard Immigration Project Human Rights Journal
http://www.law.harvard.edu/students/orgs/h www.law.harvard.edu/students/orgs/hrj

International Law Society International Law Journal


www.law.harvard.edu/students/orgs/intl_law_society www.law.harvard.edu/students/orgs/il

Clinics
Immigration and Refugee Clinic Legal Aid Bureau
www.law.harvard.edu/academics/clinical/irc www.law.harvard.edu/students/orgs/hlab

Human Rights Program Mediation Program


www.law.harvard.edu/programs/hrp www.law.harvard.edu/students/orgs/hmp

Hale and Dorr Legal Services Center


www.law.harvard.edu/academics/clinical/lsc
Contacts
Please see www.law.harvard.edu/faculty/directory for more information on these lecturers and professors.

Deborah Anker
Pound 408 Gerald Neuman
Greater Boston Legal Services Griswold 507
197 Friend St., Boston, MA 0211 5-9083
5-5912 neuman@law.harvard.edu
danker@law.harvard.edu
Roberto Unger
Jacqueline Bhabha Areeda 226
Eliot 201A 5-3156
6-4950 unger@law.harvard.edu
humanrights@harvard.edu
Lucie White
Ryan Goodman Griswold 511
Griswold 506 5-4633
4-8158 lwhite@law.harvard.edu
rgoodman@law.harvard.edu

Fellowships
Description: The Immigrants
Areas of Specialization: Civil Rights Project is a national project
ACLU IMMIGRANTS rights, Immigration of the ACLU. Using targeted impact
RIGHTS PROJECT Types of Advocacy: Impact litigation, advocacy and public
litigation, Public Education outreach, the Fellow will help
FELLOWSHIP Special Qualifications: Check protect the rights and liberties of
C ALIFORNIA website for current postings and immigrants. The caseload focuses
Paralegal qualifications. on challenging laws that deny
405 14th St., Ste. 300 Number of Fellows: 1 immigrants access to the judicial
Oakland, CA 94612 Term: 1 year, renewable system, impose indefinite and
(510) 625-2010 ext. 240 Stipend: ACLU scale, excellent mandatory detention and deny
Fax: (510) 622-0050 health and welfare benefits. fleeing refugees the right to a fair
immrights@aclu.org Application Process: Submit asylum-application process. The
www.aclu.org resume, names and phone numbers Project is leading many of the
Description: The Immigrants of three references and legal writing ACLU challenges to post-9/11
Rights Project is a national project sample. practices and policies that deny
of the ACLU. Using targeted impact APPLICATION DEADLINE: See equal rights to non-citizens in the
litigation, advocacy and public website. U.S.
outreach, the Fellow will help Areas of Specialization: Civil
protect the rights and liberties of rights, Immigration
immigrants. The caseload focuses ACLU IMMIGRANTS Types of Advocacy: Impact
on challenging laws that deny RIGHTS PROJECT litigation
immigrants access to the judicial Special Qualifications: Check
system, impose indefinite and
FELLOWSHIP
website for current postings and
mandatory detention and deny NEW YORK qualifications.
fleeing refugees the right to a fair Sarah Weiss, Legal Assistant Number of Fellows: 1
asylum-application process. The 125 Broad St. Term: 1 year, renewable
Project is leading many of the New York, NY 10004 Stipend: ACLU scale, excellent
ACLU challenges to post-9/11 (212) 549-2660 health and welfare benefits
practices and policies that deny Fax: (212) 549-2654 Application Process: Submit
equal rights to non-citizens in the immrights@aclu.org resume and names and phone
U.S. www.aclu.org numbers of three references and legal
writing sample.
APPLICATION DEADLINE:
Rolling. See website.
Co-Chair APPLICATION DEADLINE:
APPELLATE LITIGATION University of California, Boalt Hall Late January 2007. Contact
School of Law Simon Hall, Rm. organization.
CLINIC TEACHING 385
FELLOWSHIP Berkeley, CA 94720
Appellate Litigation Clinic, (510) 642-1738 CENTER FOR APPLIED
Georgetown University Law Center Fax: (510) 642-9125 LEGAL STUDIES (CALS)
Professor Steven H. Goldblatt, ktillery@kvn.com TEACHING FELLOWSHIP
Director www.boalt.org/blf Center for Applied Legal Studies,
111 F St., NW, Rm. 123 Description: The Foundation is a
Georgetown University Law Center
Washington, D.C. 20001-1522 nonprofit organization that provides
Philip G. Schrag, David A.
(202) 662-9555 grants to individual attorneys
Koplow, Directors
Fax: (202) 662-9052 undertaking public interest projects
111 F St., NW
applit@georgetown.edu to serve the poor or other legally
Washington, D.C. 20001-2095
www.law.georgetown.edu/clinics disadvantaged or underrepresented (202) 662-9565
/fellowships.html groups. Recent grants have
Fax: (202) 662-9539
Description: Fellows draft briefs supported work on welfare,
calsclinic@law.georgetown.edu
and argue appeals in the United immigration, homelessness and
www.law.georgetown.edu/clinics/fel
States Court of Appeals for the AIDS. BLF seeks to fund projects
lowships.html
District of Columbia and Fourth that will include the following
Description: Emphasis is on
Circuit and in the District of components: legal advocacy, clinical supervision and classroom
Columbia Court of Appeals. community education and/or policy
instruction of law students in trial
Fellows also supervise third-year change in areas affecting people who
practice and lawyering skills.
students who are litigating appeals are denied access to the legal
Fellows also participate directly in
before these courts and preparing system. The organization prefers to
agency hearings, court litigation and
petitions for writ of certiorari for award grants as seed money for
other legal proceedings. Since 1995,
filing in the United States Supreme projects that will continue to CALS has been specializing in
Court. Cases usually involve provide legal services for many
political asylum cases representing
challenges to federal and state years.
asylum seekers in removal
criminal convictions or challenges Areas of Specialization: AIDS,
proceedings before the Immigration
to the conditions of confinement. Childrens Rights, Civil Rights,
Court and in asylum claims
Fellows and the director jointly Consumer, Criminal, Disability
adjudicated by Asylum Officer.
teach a weekly Appellate Litigation Rights, Education, Elderly, Fellows enroll in LL.M. program.
Clinic seminar. Fellows are also Environment, Family, Gay/Lesbian
Areas of Specialization: Human
enrolled in the LL.M. program. The Rights, Health, Homelessness,
Rights, Immigration, Asylum Only
position starts in summer 2007. Housing, Human Rights,
Types of Advocacy:
Areas of Specialization: Civil Immigration, International, Labor,
Administrative, Individual
Rights, Criminal, Disability Womens Rights
Litigation, Teaching Clinic
Rights, Environment, Immigration, Types of Advocacy: Special Qualifications: Fellow
Prisoner Litigation Grassroots/Organizing, Individual
must be a Bar member at the start of
Types of Advocacy: Individual and Litigation, Policy, Public
the Fellowship period. Fellows
Impact Litigation, Clinical Education
must complete a paper of
Teaching Special Qualifications: Preference
publishable quality in order to
Special Qualifications: Applicant given to recent law school graduates
obtain the LL.M. degree.
must have at least one year of and new lawyers. Applicants with experience in
relevant experience beyond J.D. Number of Fellows: 1-3
immigration law will be given
degree. D. C. Bar membership or Term: 1 year
preference.
eligibility for membership required. Stipend: Approximately $30,000
Number of Fellows: 1
Number of Fellows: 1 Application Process: Submit eight
Term: 2 years
Term: 2 years copies of grant proposal that must
Stipend: $46,155
Stipend: At least $46,155 include cover or title page, one-page Application Process: Submit
Application Process: Submit summary of the project, description
resume, an official or unofficial law
resume, writing sample, law school of the project (under ten pages),
school transcript, a writing sample
transcript and cover letter. budget form for the overall budget,
and detailed statement of interest
APPLICATION DEADLINE: timetable for accomplishment of
(approximately 5 pages). See
December 1, 2006. tasks and materials supporting the
website.
BERKELEY LAW proposal such as letters of APPLICATION DEADLINE:
recommendation and background on
FOUNDATION (BLF) PUBLIC December 1, 2006.
any sponsoring organization.
INTEREST LAW GRANTS CENTER FOR HUMAN
Khari Tillery, Grants Committee RIGHTS AND
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW meetings and social functions at the Number of Fellows: 1
firm. Term: A contractual appointment
FELLOWSHIP Areas of Specialization: for up to two years with an option
Center for Human Rights and Childrens Rights, Criminal, for a one-year renewal, beginning
Constitutional Law Family, Housing, Immigration, April 1, 2007.
Peter Schey, Director Labor, Womens Rights Stipend: $50,000 for year 1;
256 S. Occidental Blvd. Types of Advocacy: $53,000 for year 2.
Los Angeles, CA 90057 Administrative, Individual Application Process: Submit letter
(213) 388-8693 ext. 104 Litigation, Public Education of interest and resume to Professor
Fax: (213) 386-9484 Special Qualifications: 3Ls with Gilman.
pschey@centerforhumanrights.org outstanding law school credentials. APPLICATION DEADLINE:
www.centerforhumanrights.org Number of Fellows: 1 February 15, 2007.
Description: The Center was Term: 18 months
established to protect and promote Stipend: Varies according to firm
the legal and civil rights of CLINICAL FELLOW FOR
scale, plus benefits
immigrants, refugees, minorities Application Process: Similar to IMMIGRANT RIGHTS
and indigenous peoples, in addition general firm application process. PROJECT
to the observance of international APPLICATION DEADLINE: University of Baltimore School of
human rights. The Fellowship is October 15, 2006. Law
designed to provide Fellows with Robert Rubinson, Professor and
intensive exposure to the fields of Director of Clinical Education
domestic impact litigation, CLINICAL FELLOW FOR
40 W. Chase St.
international human rights law and C IVIL ADVOCACY Baltimore, MD 21201-5779
childrens rights. University of Baltimore School of (410) 837-5706
Areas of Specialization: Law Fax: (410) 333-3053
Childrens Rights, Human Rights, Michele Gilman, Assistant rrubinson@ubalt.edu
Immigration, International Professor of Law and Director, Civil www.law.ubalt.edu/clinics/fellows.h
Types of Advocacy: Individual and Advocacy Clinic tml
Impact Litigation 40 W. Chase St. Description: The Fellows duties
Special Qualifications: Baltimore, MD 21201-5779 include direct supervision of clinic
Proficiency in Spanish highly (410) 837-5709 students representing clients who
recommended. Fax: (410) 333-3053 have immigration law issues and
Number of Fellows: 1 mgilman@ubalt.edu clinic classroom teaching in
Term: 1 year, beginning January www.law.ubalt.edu/clinics/fellows.h coordination with clinic faculty.
Stipend: $35,000 plus health and tml Fellows also pursue professional
dental benefits. Description: Duties include direct goals in conjunction with his/her
Application Process: Submit supervision of casework by clinic clinic director, including
resume, two writing samples and students and clinic classroom opportunities for scholarship.
two references. teaching in coordination with clinic Areas of Specialization:
APPLICATION DEADLINE: faculty. Fellows also pursue Immigration
Fellowship may not be offered in professional goals in conjunction Types of Advocacy: Individual
2007. See website. with his/her clinic director, Litigation, Legislative/Lobbying,
including opportunities for Public Education, Policy, Research,
scholarship. Teaching
CHADBOURNE & PARKE AT Areas of Specialization: Civil Special Qualifications: Excellent
THE DOOR LEGAL SERVICES Rights, Disability Rights, Elderly, oral and written communication
CENTER FELLOWSHIP Housing, Immigration skills; at least two years of
Chadbourne & Parke LLP Types of Advocacy: Individual experience as a practicing lawyer
Litigation, Legislative/Lobbying, primarily in the area of immigration
Jana Peters, Director of Legal
Public Education, Policy, Research, law; a strong academic record and/or
Personnel
Teaching other indications of high
30 Rockefeller Plaza
Special Qualifications: Excellent performance ability; a commitment
New York, NY 10112
oral and written communication to work for low income clients and
(212) 408-5338
Fax: (212) 247-0873 skills; at least two years of a lively interest in teaching.
experience as a practicing lawyer Number of Fellows: 1
JPeters@chadbourne.com
primarily in litigation; a strong Term: A contractual appointment
www.chadbourne.com
academic record and/or other for up to 2 years with an option for
Description: Fellows, after
indications of high performance a 1-year renewal. Term begins on or
orientation at Chadbourne, work for
ability; commitment to work for about July 1, 2007.
at least a year at The Door Legal
Services Center, reporting regularly low income clients and a lively Stipend: $50,000 for year 1;
interest in teaching. $53,000 for year 2.
to Chadbourne and attending
Application Process: Submit letter at least 3 references; and law school 2120 L St., NW, Ste. 450
of interest and resume to Professor transcript. Washington, D.C. 20037
Rubinson. APPLICATION DEADLINE: See (202) 466-3686 ext. 202
APPLICATION DEADLINE: website. Fax: (202) 466-3686
March 1, 2007. fellowships@equaljusticeworks.org
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT www.equaljusticeworks.org
CLINICAL TEACHING Description: Fellowships provide
CLINIC FELLOWSHIP entry-level openings for graduating
FELLOWSHIP IN HUMAN University of Baltimore School of law students and attorneys who
RIGHTS Law propose projects in the areas of civil
Immigrants Rights Clinic, Robert Rubinson, Professor and litigation or other forms of advocacy
Stanford Law School Director of Clinical Education on behalf of individuals, groups or
Jayashri Srikantiah, Associate 40 W. Chase St. interests that are currently
Professor and Clinic Director Baltimore, MD 21201-5779 underrepresented by our legal
559 Nathan Abbott Way (410) 837-5706 system. Emphasis is on projects
Stanford, CA 94305-8610 Fax: (410) 333-3053 that are designed to impact a large
(650) 724-2442 rrubinson@ubalt.edu number of people in under-served
Fax: (650) 723-4426 www.law.ubalt.edu/clinics/fellows.h areas, that can be replicated in other
jsrikantiah@law.stanford.edu tml communities or that create lasting
www.law.stanford.edu/clinics/irc/ Description: The fellows duties institutions. Timeline for project
Description: The Fellowship include direct supervision of required with application. Public
provides applicants with the casework of clinic students and interest experience helpful.
opportunity to learn to teach law in clinic classroom teaching in Areas of Specialization:
a clinical setting while working on coordination with clinic faculty. AIDS/HIV, Childrens Rights,
individual cases representing non- Fellows also pursue a personal Civil Rights, Community
citizens in a variety of proceedings. learning plan negotiated with the Economic Development, Consumer,
After a training period, the Fellow clinic director and are encouraged to Criminal, Death Penalty, Disability
will supervise law students enrolled pursue a scholarly agenda. Rights, Domestic Violence,
in the Immigrants Rights Clinic. Areas of Specialization: Disability Education, Elderly, Environment,
Areas of Specialization: Human Rights, Elderly, Housing, Family, Gay/Lesbian Rights,
Rights, Immigration Immigration Health, Homelessness, Housing,
Types of Advocacy: Individual Types of Advocacy: Individual Human Rights, Immigration,
Litigation, Teaching Clinic Litigation, Legislative/Lobbying, Labor, Prisoners Rights, Womens
Special Qualifications: Applicants Public Education, Policy, Research, Rights
must have 2-5 years experience Teaching Types of Advocacy:
practicing law and must have Special Qualifications: Excellent Administrative,
represented non-citizens in oral and written communication Grassroots/Organizing, Impact
immigration court for at least 1-2 skills; at least two years of Litigation, Individual Litigation,
years. Individuals with language experience as a practicing lawyer; a Legislative, Policy, Public
capacity in an Asian language strong academic record and/or other Education
(Vietnamese, Cantonese, Mandarin, indications of high performance Special Qualifications: Candidate
Tagalog, etc.) or Spanish are ability; commitment to work for must be 3Ls or graduates of 2006-
particularly encouraged to apply. low income communities; and a 2007 Equal Justice Works member
Applicants must have strong lively interest in teaching. schools. See their website for a
academic credentials. Number of Fellows: 1 complete list of such schools. Prefer
Number of Fellows: 1 Term: Up to 2 years, beginning candidate with demonstrated or
Term: 2 years July 1, 2007. stated commitment to public
Stipend: Competitive with other Stipend: $50,000 for year 1; interest law and with an interest in
public interest fellowships, $53,000 for year 2. the community in which s/he is
commensurate with experience. Application Process: Submit letter planning to work. Applicants may
Application Process: Submit: of interest and resume to Professor not have worked as a full-time,
short personal statement describing Rubinson. permanent employee with the host
prior experience in providing legal APPLICATION DEADLINE: organization within a year of
services to non-citizens, other March 1, 2007. applying for the Fellowship.
public interest experience, Number of Fellows: 50
aspirations for future public interest EQUAL J USTICE WORKS Term: 2 years, beginning
and/or clinical legal education work FELLOWSHIPS September
and information relevant to the Stipend: Up to $37,500 and LRAP
Equal Justice Works / formerly the
applicants potential for clinical Application Process: Contact law
National Association for Public
supervision and teaching; resume; school career services offices or the
Interest Law (NAPIL)
writing sample (10-15) pages; list of Equal Justice Works website to
Program Assistant
receive application guidelines. three references and transcripts. Assistance Fund
Applicants must develop a project APPLICATION DEADLINE: Cynthia Mark
that meets Equal Justice Works Fellowship not offered in 2007. P.O. Box 6204
selection criteria and must identify a Contact organization. Boston, MA 02114
nonprofit public interest (617) 603-1809
organization to host the project. FELLOWSHIP ON WOMEN Fax: (617) 371-1222
Applications must be completed www.gbls.org
online. AND P UBLIC POLICY Description: Fellows work as full-
APPLICATION DEADLINE: Womens Research and Education time staff attorneys with the Asian
September 19, 2006 at 5 pm EST. Institute Outreach Unit of Greater Boston
Susan Scanlan, President Legal Services on specific projects
3300 North Fairfax Dr., #218 supported by grants.
FELIX VELARDE-MUNOZ Arlington, VA 22201 Areas of Specialization: Civil
LITIGATION FELLOWSHIP (703) 812-7990 Rights, Family, Immigration,
Legal Aid Society Employment Fax: (703) 812-0687 Poverty, Asian Outreach
Law Center (LAS-ELC) wrei@wrei.org Types of Advocacy:
Howard Chen, FVM Fellowship www.wrei.org Administrative,
Hiring Committee Description: This Fellowship is Grassroots/Organizing, Individual
600 Harrison St., Ste. 120 designed to train women as Litigation, Legislative/Lobbying,
San Francisco, CA 94107 potential leaders in public policy Public Education
(415) 864-8848 formation. Fellows work in Special Qualifications: Applicants
Fax: (415) 864-8199 Congressional offices as legislative with language abilities in Chinese,
hchen@las-elc.org aides on issues affecting women. Vietnamese, or Khmer and sound
www.las-elc.org The program is administered by understanding of Asian culture and
Description: The Fellow works on WREI, a nonpartisan organization immigrant experiences preferred.
impact cases with responsibilities that provides information and Number of Fellows: 1
for case and litigation strategy, case research to members of the Term: 1-2 years
development, legal research, Congressional Caucus for Womens Stipend: Depends on experience (in
pleading preparation, depositions, Issues and other members of past years, the stipend was $30,000)
court appearances, discovery, trials, Congress. Application Process:
settlement negotiations and Areas of Specialization: APPLICATION DEADLINE:
appellate and amicus brief writing. Childrens Rights, Civil Rights, Contact organization. Fellowship
The Fellow also works with the Consumer, Disability Rights, may not be offered in 2007.
Workers Rights Clinic and Education, Elderly, Environment,
performs community education and Family, Health, Human Rights,
outreach work. Immigration, Labor, Womens HUNTON & WILLIAMS PRO
Areas of Specialization: Civil Rights BONO FELLOWSHIP
Rights, Disability Rights, Types of Advocacy: Hunton & Williams
Gay/Lesbian Rights, Immigration, Legislative/Lobbying, Policy Lynne A. Maher, Legal Recruiting
Labor/Employment, Womens Special Qualifications: Applicants Administrator
Rights, National Origin must be enrolled in or have recently 951 East Byrd St.
Discrimination, Language Rights completed a masters or doctoral Richmond, VA 23219
Types of Advocacy: program and must take a year off to (804) 788-8527
Administrative, Impact Litigation, complete Fellowship, if necessary. Fax: (804) 788-8218
Individual Litigation, Law or medical degree also lmaher@hunton.com
Legislative/Lobbying, Policy, qualifies. www.hunton.com
Public Education Number of Fellows: 7 Description: The law firm of
Special Qualifications: Must have Term: 8 months, beginning January Hunton & Williams seeks qualified
practiced for two years or less, Stipend: $1,343/mo. individuals for a pro bono
excluding judicial clerkships. Application Process: Submit Fellowship position in its
Member of California Bar. This application form plus three copies Richmond office. The position will
requirement may be waived for a and supporting material. involve representing clients for the
reasonable period of time at the Application available at website. firms Church Hill neighborhood
discretion of the LAS-ELC to allow APPLICATION DEADLINE: pro bono office in Richmond and
a new hire to take and pass the Bar May 19, 2007. clients at the Central Virginia Legal
Exam. Aid Society in Richmond, VA.
Number of Fellows: 1 HARRY H. DOW MEMORIAL Areas of Specialization: Domestic
Term: 2 years Violence, Family, Housing,
Application Process: Submit LEGAL ASSISTANCE Immigration
detailed cover letter explaining FELLOWSHIP Types of Advocacy: Individual
interest, resume, writing samples, Harry H. Dow Memorial Legal Litigation, Public Education
Special Qualifications: Applicants Application Process: Send resume Fax: (973) 642-5939
should be motivated toward a career and cover letter. lozitogr@shu.edu
in public interest law and expect to APPLICATION DEADLINE: http://law.shu.edu/csj
be licensed by the Virginia State Rolling. Contact organization. Areas of Specialization:
Bar at the time of employment. Civil Rights, Consumer, Education
Number of Fellows: 1 INITIATIVE FOR PUBLIC Types of Advocacy: Impact
Term: 2 years, beginning October Litigation, Individual Litigation
Stipend: Competitive entry-level INTEREST LAW AT YALE Special Qualifications: Applicants
salary for legal aid attorneys; GRANTS must be members of a state Bar,
standard associate benefits Grant Selection Committee should have a strong academic
Application Process: Submit a P.O. Box 200100 record and excellent writing and oral
resume and transcript together with New Haven, CT 06520-0100 communication skills. Preference
a letter explaining their interest in (203) 432-4877 will be given to applicants with
the position. jedidiah.kroncke@yale.edu clinical experience or other public
APPLICATION DEADLINE: www.yale.edu/initiative interest service during law school
Fellowship not offered again until Description: Recipients design and/or have relevant post-graduate
2008-2010 term. Next deadline in their own one-year programs, which legal experience, including a
late 2007. Contact organization. address issues or seek to aid groups clerkship. However, applications are
that have received inadequate welcome from new attorneys.
IMMIGRANT JUSTICE representation from others. Projects Number of Fellows: 1
can involve, but are not limited to Term: 2 years
PROJECT FELLOWSHIP litigation in the public interest, Stipend: $75,000, plus benefits,
Southern Poverty Law Center assisting/organizing people in the including medical insurance
Mary Bauer exercise of their legal rights and Application Process: Submit
400 Washington St. writing handbooks designed to resume and letter of interest at the
Montgomery, AL 36104 promote the rights of victims of above address to Grace M. Lozito.
(334) 956-8200 discrimination. APPLICATION DEADLINE:
Fax: (334) 956-8483 Areas of Specialization: Civil Next fellowship term 2008-2010.
mbauer@splcenter.org Rights, Consumer, Criminal, Contact organization.
Description: Seeks an attorney/law Education, Environment, Family,
fellow to join its Immigrant Justice Gay/Lesbian Rights, Housing,
Project. The Centers current MALDEF FRIED FRANK
Labor, Womens Rights
projects are in the areas of Types of Advocacy: FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM
immigrant rights, juvenile justice Grassroots/Organizing, Individual Mexican American Legal Defense
and education. The Immigrant Litigation, Policy, Public and Education Fund (MALDEF)
Justice Project focuses on the Education and Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver
employment and civil rights of Number of Fellows: 2-5 and Jacobson LLP.
migrant farmworkers and other low- Term: 1 year, beginning September Nicole Cambridge, Coordinator
wage immigrant workers and brings Stipend: $5,000-25,000 1 New York Plaza
high-impact cases in nine states in Application Process: Submit 25 New York, NY 10004
the Southeast. The attorney will be copies of proposal (one-page (212) 859-8177
expected to develop and handle summary) and three copies of full Fax: 212) 859-8588
casesparticularly wage and hour grant proposal (format can be fellowship@friedfrank.com
caseson behalf of immigrant obtained from the Initiative in the www.friedfrank.com
workers throughout the South. fall), three letters of support and Description: Fried Frank, a
Substantial travel will be required. indication of ability to visit New prominent international law firm,
Areas of Specialization: Haven for discussion. handles matters such as mergers and
Education, Labor, Immigration APPLICATION DEADLINE: acquisitions, private equity, capital
Types of Advocacy: Impact Contact organization. markets, financing, securities
Litigation, Policy regulation, litigation, bankruptcy
Special Qualifications: Applicants and restructuring, employee benefits
should have a strong commitment INTERNATIONAL HUMAN and executive compensation, real
to immigrant rights and excellent RIGHTS/RULE OF LAW estate and tax. MALDEF is a
writing skills. Competency in FELLOW leading Latino litigation, advocacy
Spanish is required. Members of and educational outreach institution.
Seton Hall University School of
minority groups are encouraged to Fellows will spend two years as
Law
apply. litigation associates in Fried
Grace M. Lozito, Administrative
Number of Fellows: 1 Franks New York office and then
Director
Term: Two years two years at MALDEFs Los
833 McCarter Highway
Stipend: Dependent upon Newark, NJ 7102 Angeles regional office, unless there
experience. Contact organization. are compelling reasons that would
(973) 642-8307
require placement at another census, immigrant rights, language Types of Advocacy:
regional office. access and voting rights. The Grassroots/Organizing, Impact
Areas of Specialization: Civil Fellows project will focus on Litigation, Legislative/Lobbying,
Rights, Criminal, Education, AAJCs language access/rights Policy, Public Education,
Housing, Immigration, Labor program with an emphasis on access Entrepreneurship
Types of Advocacy: Impact to healthcare and the courts. Special Qualifications: Most
Litigation, Legislative/Lobbying, Areas of Specialization: Civil Fellows will have completed an
Public Education Rights, Human Rights, undergraduate or graduate degree or
Special Qualifications: 3Ls or Immigration, Asian American have equivalent education and
recent law school graduates who communities experience. Sponsoring
will have completed judicial Types of Advocacy: organizations budget must be
clerkships by the fall of 2006 may Grassroots/Organizing, Impact above $100,000 but below $5
apply. Candidates who are fluent in Litigation, Legislative/Lobbying, million.
English and Spanish are highly Policy, Public Education Number of Fellows: 15
desirable. Fellows are selected under Special Qualifications: Candidate Stipend: $35,000 salary, plus
similar criteria as other law school should be a 3L, recent law graduate $6,000 loan forgiveness
graduates applying for associate (not more than 1 year out) or Application Process: Forms on the
positions at Fried Frank and judicial clerk with a commitment to website.
MALDEF. public interest and Asian Pacific APPLICATION DEADLINE:
Number of Fellows: 1 American issues. Contact organization.
Term: 4 years (2 years at Fried Number of Fellows: 1
Frank and 2 years at MALDEF) Term: 2 years, beginning PAUL AND D AISY SOROS
Stipend: Fellows will be September
compensated the same as any other Stipend: $42,500, with full FELLOWSHIPS FOR NEW
attorney at Fried Frank and medical, dental and related benefits AMERICANS
MALDEF respectively Application Process: Application Paul and Daisy Soros Charitable
Application Process: Submit is available on website: Trust
complete application form, resume, APPLICATION DEADLINE: Carmel Geraghty, Program Officer
law school transcript, 2 letters of Contact organization. Fellowship 400 W. 59th St.
recommendation, legal writing offered again in 2008-2009. New York, NY 10019
sample and a 500 word essay on (212) 547-6926
why you want to be a MALDEF NEW VOICES FELLOWSHIP Fax: (212) 548-4623
Fried Frank Fellow. pdsoros_fellows@sorosny.org
APPLICATION DEADLINE: PROGRAM www.pdsoros.org
October 16, 2006. Academy for Educational Description: Supports graduate
Development education for new Americans.
1825 Connecticut Ave., NW Fellows are expected to gain
NAPABA PARTNERS Washington, D.C. 20009 admission to and remain successful
COMMUNITY LAW (202) 884-8051 in graduate programs. They also
newvoice@aed.org must attend two fall conferences and
FELLOWSHIP www.aed.org/newvoices
Asian American Justice Center write a report at the end of the
Description: Fellows are offered Fellowship. They are encouraged to
Vincent A. Eng, Deputy Director grants to develop projects in
1140 Connecticut Ave., NW, Ste. keep in contact with one another
international and U.S. based through dinners hosted during the
1200 organizations devoted to human
Washington, D.C. 20036 Fellowship and through the
rights and international cooperation. newsletter and website after
(202) 296-2300 ext. 121 Fellows must apply in conjunction
Fax: (202) 296-2318 completion.
with a sponsoring organization. Areas of Specialization:
veng@advancingequality.org Eligible projects will address issues
www.advancingequality.org Foundations/Grants, Education,
in the fields of international human Graduate Support for New
Description: Works to advance the rights, womens rights, racial
human and civil rights of Asian Americans
justice, migrant and refugee rights, Types of Advocacy: Graduate
Americans through advocacy, public peace and security, foreign policy
policy, public education and Study
and/or international economic Special Qualifications: Applicants
litigation. Focuses its work to cooperation.
promote civic engagement, to forge must be new Americans (resident
Areas of Specialization: AIDS, aliens, naturalized citizens, or
strong and safe communities and to Civil Rights, Disability Rights,
create and inclusive society in children whose parents are both
Foundations/Grants, Gay/Lesbian naturalized citizens) who retain
communities on a local, regional Rights, Homelessness, Human
and community including: loyalty and commitment to their
Rights, Immigration, International, country of origin but regard the
affirmative action, anti-Asian Womens Rights
violence prevention/race relations, U.S. as their principal residence and
focus of national identity. Education, Elderly, Family, culture, education and social justice.
Applicants must have bachelors Gay/Lesbian Rights, Health, Areas of Specialization:
degrees or be in the final year of Homelessness, Housing, Human Childrens Rights, Civil Rights,
undergraduate study and cannot be Rights, Immigration, Womens Education, Environment,
in the third or subsequent year of Rights Foundations, Health,
graduate study. They also must not Types of Advocacy: Homelessness, Housing, Human
be older than 30 at the application Administrative, Impact Litigation, Rights, Immigration
deadline. Candidate must Individual Litigation, Policy, Types of Advocacy:
demonstrate relevance of graduate Public Education Grassroots/Organizing,
education to long-term career goals Special Qualifications: Grants Legislative/Lobbying, Policy,
and potential to enhance made to sponsoring organizations Public Education
contribution to society. Success only. Before final application, a Special Qualifications: Self-
depends upon possession of at least public interest organization that will direction, demonstrated interest in
two of the following three attributes: sponsor the applicant must be nonprofit service, strong written,
creativity, originality and initiative; identified. Sponsoring organization communication and verbal skills.
commitment to and capacity for must be a legal service organization Computer and word processing
accomplishment; and commitment serving the disadvantaged and its proficiency, including Windows and
to the values expressed in the U.S. principal office must be in one of Word. Volunteer and/or work
Constitution and Bill of Rights. five counties in or around experience in one of the
Number of Fellows: 30 Philadelphia. Foundations program areas.
Term: 2 years of graduate study Number of Fellows: 3-4 Ability to maintain quality work
Stipend: $20,000, plus half tuition Term: 1 year, subject to one-year standards with high volume of
Application Process: Submit renewal work. Masters degree in a relevant
application form, two essays, Stipend: $40,000 plus benefits and area or equivalent experience
resume, three recommendation loan repayment preferred.
letters (including one academic and Application Process: Submit an Number of Fellows: 5
one work-related), an institutional original and ten copies of the Term: 2 years, beginning May
status form, undergraduate and following documents in the order Stipend: $39,520-44,720
current transcripts, documentary presented: application form, resume, depending on experience
evidence of qualification as a new official law school transcript, two Application Process: Submit
American and graduate aptitude test letters of recommendation (one from resume and cover letter, including
results. Selective interviews. a law school advisor and one from a statement of interest and specific
APPLICATION DEADLINE: former employer), commitment program area of interest.
November 1, 2006. letter from sponsoring organization, APPLICATION DEADLINE:
501(c) (3) from sponsoring Spring 2007. Contact organization.
PUBLIC INTEREST LAW organization and benefits worksheet.
APPLICATION DEADLINE: S HARTSIS FRIESE PUBLIC
FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM October 11, 2006.
Independence Foundation INTEREST FELLOWSHIP
Joanne A. Baker, Consultant for East Bay Community Law Center
Public Interest Law Initiatives S AN FRANCISCO and Shartsis Friese LLP
Offices at the Bellevue, 200 S. FOUNDATION Deborah Moss-West, EBCLC
Broad St., Ste. 1101 MULTICULTURAL Deputy Director
Philadelphia, PA 19107-3493 3130 Shattuck Ave.
(215) 985-4009 or (610) 975-9457 FELLOWSHIP Berkeley, CA 94705
Fax: (215) 985-3989 San Francisco Foundation (510) 548-4040 ext. 314
JAB460W@aol.com Jamillah Washington-Weaver, Fax: (510) 548-2566
www.independencefoundation.org Fellowship Coordinator www.ebclc.org
Description: Fellowships provide 225 Bush St., Ste. 500 Description: The Fellow provides
support for those who want to work San Francisco, CA 94104 direct legal assistance to welfare
in public interest for a Philadelphia (415) 733-8500 recipients, with an emphasis on
area organization that qualifies as a Fax: (415) 477-2783 serving Southeast Asian clients
501 (c)(3) organization and provides fellowship@sff.org with disabilities and languages
legal services to individuals who are www.sff.org access needs. Work includes client
disadvantaged. The Foundation is Description: The Multicultural interviews, fact investigation,
specifically interested in addressing Fellowship provides young counseling, representation before
the need for legal aid and assistance professionals of color with welfare caseworkers and
to the poor. challenging work experiences and administrative law judges and
Areas of Specialization: AIDS, opportunities in the areas of grant outreach to the Southeast Asian
Childrens Rights, Civil Rights, making and community building in Community.
Consumer, Disability Rights, the Bay Area. There are three Areas of Specialization: Civil
different program areas: arts and
Rights, Disability Rights, Fellowships have two tracks. Track Secretary/Recruitment
Immigration. I supports new and emerging Administrator
Types of Advocacy: advocates with between two and six 131 Stuart St., Ste. 400
Grassroots/Organizing, Individual years of advocacy experience. Track San Francisco, CA 94105
Litigation, Policy, Public II supports seasoned leaders with a (415) 543-9444
Education minimum of ten years experience in Fax: (415) 543-0296
Special Qualifications: Fellow their fields and five years of info@lccr.com
must be a member of the California advocacy experience. The Media www.lccr.com
Bar or sitting summer 2007. Fellowships support mid-career and Description: Fellows work on
Commitment to direct legal veteran print and radio journalists, impact litigation and policy
services, experience in public filmmakers and individuals with advocacy in civil rights law. Duties
benefits assistance, ability to work unique voices proposing to write include case analysis, court
effectively with a diverse range of books or complete other writing appearances, trials, appellate
groups, public speaking skills, projects. strategy, drafting of legal
flexibility and bilingual ability in Areas of Specialization: Civil documents, meetings with client
Vietnamese or Cambodian are rights, Childrens Rights, organizations and public education.
preferred. Criminal, Foundations, The Fellow will participate fully in
Number of Fellows: 1 Gay/Lesbian Rights, Government, all office activities, including staff
Term: 1 year Health, Human Rights, and litigation meeting.
Stipend: $38,000 Immigration Areas of Specialization: Civil
Application Process: Submit cover Types of Advocacy: Rights, Human Rights,
letter, resume, three references and a Grassroots/Organizing, Impact Immigration, Research
short writing sample to East Bay Litigation, Individual Litigation, Types of Advocacy:
Community Law Center, Attn: Policy, Public Education Administrative,
Shartsis Fellowship Committee at Special Qualifications: See Grassroots/Organizing, Impact
the address above. website for details. Litigation, Policy, Public
APPLICATION DEADLINE: Number of Fellows: 6 Track I, 6 Education
March 30, 2007. Check website for Track II Special Qualifications: The
changes. Term: 18 months Fellowship is designed for recent
Stipend: For 18 months- Track I: law school graduates and attorneys
S OROS JUSTICE ADVOCACY $68,000; Track II: $75,000. Health with no more than five years of
insurance, travel, technical post-law-school work experience.
FELLOWSHIPS resources. Candidate will be evaluated on
Open Society Institutes Justice Application Process: Provide 5 demonstrated commitment to the
Fund copies of the application form, rights of the poor and people of
Nidia Cordova Vazquez, Program proposal and all supporting color, knowledge of and
Assistant materials. Submit proposals in 12- demonstrated interest in civil rights
400 W. 59th St. point type, single-spaced, with one- law and oral and written
New York, NY 10019 inch margins and print or type your communication skills.
(212) 548-0600 name in the upper right-hand corner Number of Fellows: 1
Fax: (212) 548-4666 of each page. Describe the proposal Term: 1 year
ncordova@sorosny.org in 1,500 words, addressing each Stipend: $42,000
www.soros.org/initiatives/justice/fo aspect in the following order: the Application Process: Submit cover
cus_area/justice_fellows need for the project, goals, project letter, resume, list of three references
Description: The Soros Justice activities, type of supervision that and writing sample to the Lawyers
Fellowships support outstanding the sponsoring organization will Committee care of the Fellowship
individuals, including lawyers, offer and how you will measure your Committee. No phone calls.
advocates, grassroots organizers, effectiveness. Applicants proposing APPLICATION DEADLINE:
activist academics, journalists and international projects must also November 1, 2006.
filmmakers, to implement address, in an additional section,
innovative projects that address one their proposals relevance to cross-
or more of the criminal justice WELLSTONE FELLOWSHIP
border information exchange. Families USA
priorities of OSIs U.S. Justice APPLICATION DEADLINE:
Fund. Working across the country Melissa Rosenblatt, Director,
September 13, 2006 at 5 pm EST. Internship and Fellowship Program
for local, state and national criminal
justice reform. The Soros Justice 1201 New York Ave., NW, Ste.
Fellowships fund individuals THURGOOD MARSHALL 1100
through two programs: the Soros C IVIL RIGHTS FELLOWSHIP Washington, D.C. 20005
Justice Advocacy Fellowships and Lawyers Committee for Civil (202) 628-3030
the Soros Justice Media Rights Fax: (202) 347-2417
Fellowships. The Advocacy Silvia Contreras, Legal wellstonefellowship@familiesusa.or
g
www.familiesusa.org and international human rights interest or pro bono work.
Description: The Fellowship hopes issues. The Fellow will have the Number of Fellows: 1
to expand the pool of social justice opportunity to gain experience in Term: 2 years, beginning summer
advocates from underrepresented the human rights field through fact- Stipend: $40-45,000
racial and ethnic minority groups, finding, research, education and Application Process: Submit letter
particularly the African-American, advocacy. of interest, resume and three names
Latino and American Indian Areas of Specialization: Criminal, of reference. Mail to Jon Bauer at
communities. The Fellow will be Human Rights, Immigration, above address.
engaged in health care advocacy International, Research, Death APPLICATION DEADLINE:
work and will learn about Medicare, Penalty Fellowship not offered in 2007.
Medicaid, efforts to achieve Types of Advocacy: Policy, Public Contact organization.
universal coverage and other Education
important health policy issues. Special Qualifications: Candidate WOMENS LAW AND PUBLIC
Specifically, the Fellow will be must possess solid organizational
engaged in outreach to and and communication skills, have POLICY FELLOWSHIP
mobilization of communities of familiarity with Microsoft Office Georgetown University Law Center
color. applications, be comfortable Julia L. Ernst, Director of Womens
Areas of Specialization: Civil working with diverse groups of Law and Public Policy Fellowship
Rights, Health, Immigration people and have an interest in Program
Types of Advocacy: human rights, social justice and 600 New Jersey Ave., NW, Ste.
Administrative, international affairs. Proficiency in a 334
Grassroots/Organizing, Impact foreign language is desirable. Washington, D.C. 20001-2095
Litigation, Individual Litigation, Number of Fellows: 1 (202) 662-9650
Policy, Public Education Fax: (202) 662-9539
Special Qualifications: Candidate wlppfp@law.georgetown.edu
WILLIAM R. DAVIS www.wlppfp.org
must demonstrate commitment to
contribute to social justice work CLINICAL FELLOWSHIP Description: The Fellowship
following their year as a Fellow and The University of Connecticut Law enables law graduates with an
also must be interested in health School interest in womens rights to work
care. Preference will be given to Jon Bauer, Clinical Professor of in Washington, D.C. for a year on
applicants who have experience or Law legal and policy issues affecting
demonstrate a keen interest in 65 Elizabeth St. women. Selected Fellows work at
working with communities of color. Hartford, CT 06105-2210 nonprofit organizations,
A college degree is preferred. (860) 570-5165 governmental agencies,
Number of Fellows: 1 Fax: (860) 570-5195 congressional offices and the
Term: 1 year, beginning September jbauer@law.uconn.edu Georgetown University Law Center
Stipend: Approximately $35,000 www.law.uconn.edu Domestic Violence Clinic. Fellows
Application Process: See website Description: Fellowship will work are supervised by experienced
for application form and further primarily in the Asylum & Human attorneys and work exclusively on
instructions. Rights Clinic, which represents womens rights issues, including
APPLICATION DEADLINE: clients seeking political asylum in reproductive rights, economic
February 2, 2007. proceedings before the Bureau of stability, domestic violence,
Citizenship & Immigration Services international human rights and the
and the Immigration Court. Fellows rights of women with disabilities.
WELLSTONE FELLOWSHIP will also supervise clinic students Areas of Specialization: AIDS,
Minnesota Advocates for Human casework and help plan and teach Childrens Rights, Civil Rights,
Rights classes. Consumer, Criminal, Disability
Jennifer Prestmoldt, Deputy Areas of Specialization: Human Rights, Education, Elderly, Family,
Director Rights, Immigration, Research, Gay/Lesbian Rights, Health,
650 Third Ave. S., Ste. 550 Teaching Homelessness, Housing, Human
Minneapolis, MN 55402 Types of Advocacy: Rights, Immigration, Womens
(612) 341-3302 ext. 111 Administrative, Individual Rights
Fax: (612) 341-2971 Litigation, Policy, Public Types of Advocacy: Impact
hrights@mnadvocates.org Education Litigation, Individual Litigation,
www.mnadvocates.org Special Qualifications: Practicing Legislative/Lobbying, Policy
Description: The Fellowship Attorney for at least three years or Special Qualifications: Must hold
provides a recent law school equivalent experience; strong a J.D. degree from a U.S. law
graduate or lawyer pursuing a new written and oral communication school by the beginning of the
course of his or her career to work skills; an interest and aptitude for Fellowship. Preferred, but not
for a year in human rights. The supervision and teaching; required, that Fellows have a
Fellow works on a variety of demonstrated commitment to public background in womens rights
projects related to emerging U.S.
issues. Excellent oral and Administrative,
communication skills and must be Grassroots/Organizing, Policy,
admitted to the Bar. Public Education
Number of Fellows: 4 Special Qualifications: Recent
Term: 1 year, beginning September law school graduate committed to
Stipend: $37,500 furthering economic justice in New
Application Process: Application York City. Ability to work with a
forms and additional information diverse team. Spanish preferred, but
can be obtained on our website. not required. Women and people of
APPLICATION DEADLINE: color are encouraged to apply.
October 15, 2006. Number of Fellows: 1
Term: 2 years
WORKERS RIGHTS Stipend: $38,000
Application Process: Submit
FELLOWSHIP resume, transcript (original is not
New York Jobs With Justice necessary), one letter of
Carrie Brunk recommendation and a brief writing
50 Broadway, 24th Fl. sample.
New York, NY 10004 APPLICATION DEADLINE:
(212) 631-0886 August 4, 2006. Contact
Fax: (646) 452-5636 organization.
carrie@nyjwj.org
Description: The Fellow will
primarily direct the involvement of
the Workers Rights Board, a group
of community leaders who advocate
for workers rights and greater
economic equality, in grassroots
campaigns for economic justice.
The Fellow will also research
innovative policies and practices
relating to workers rights as well
as organize a fundraiser to support
the Workers Rights Fellowship.
Areas of Specialization:
Immigration, Labor, Research,
Economic Development
Types of Advocacy:
Selected Organizations

ASYLUM PROGRAM OF from persecution or torture and Pacific immigrant and refugee
SOUTHERN ARIZONA individuals with claims to U.S. communities in Santa Clara County.
citizenship. Areas of Specialization: Poverty,
Tim A. Janes, Executive Director
Areas of Specialization: Prisoner Immigration/Refugee,
1036 N. 1st Ave.
Issues, Immigration/Refugee, Homelessness/Housing, Family,
Tucson, AZ 85719
Government Accountability/Legal Elderly, Domestic Violence,
(520) 623-4555 Fax: (520) 623-4884
Reform/Whistleblowers, Education, Disability
www.asylumarizona.org
Criminal, Civil Rights/Liberties Types of Advocacy: Policy, Intake
2007 Openings Salary
Types of Advocacy: Research and and Referral, Innovative Advocacy,
2 1L vol./stip.
Publications, Pro Se Clinics, Legal Individual Cases, Factual
2 2L vol./stip.
Writing, Individual Cases, Client- Investigation, Community Outreach,
2 3L vol./stip.
based, Administrative Advocacy Community Organizing, Community
Description: Legal aid organization
2006 Office Comp.: 5 attorneys Education, Client-based,
that provides legal assistance to
(1M, 8F, 1OG) Administrative Advocacy
immigrants fleeing persecution who
Deadline: Rolling 2006 Office Comp.: 5 attorneys
seek political asylum but are unable
Split Summers: Yes, either half (1M, 4F, 5A-A)
to hire attorneys to represent them
Deadline: February 28
before the Immigration and
Split Summers: No
Naturalization Service (INS), the AMERICAN CIVIL
USCIS, and the Immigration Court.
Areas of Specialization: LIBERTIES UNION CATHOLIC CHARITIES
Immigration/Refugee, Civil (ACLU) NATIONAL
Rights/Liberties IMMIGRATION LEGAL
Types of Advocacy: Intake and IMMIGRANTS RIGHTS SERVICES (CCIS)
Referral, Innovative Advocacy, PROJECT Renee Cummings, Hiring Attorney
Individual Cases, Community
CALIFORNIA 901 SE Oak St., Ste. 105
Outreach, Community Education
Portland, OR 97214
2006 Office Comp.: 2 attorneys 405 14th St., Ste. 300
(503) 542-2855 Fax: (503) 542-2062
Deadline: beg. of preceding semester Oakland, CA 94612-9987
www.catholiccharitiesoregon.org
(1L/3L) beg.of preceding semester (510) 625-2010
2007 Openings Salary
(2L) immrights@aclu.org
1 1L vol.
Split Summers: Yes, either half www.aclu.org
1 2L vol.
2005 Openings Salary
1 3L vol.
... 2L/3L vol./stip.
FLORENCE IMMIGRANT Description: Provides immigration
1 Lateral ACLU Scale
legal services to low-income
AND REFUGEE RIGHTS Description: Addresses national
immigrants and refugees, and engages
issues concerning the fundamental
PROJECT (FIRRP) in public education, training and
civil liberties and civil rights of
community outreach. Focuses on
Victoria Lopez, Executive Director immigrants. Protects the rights and
family reunification, and assistance to
P.O. Box 654 liberties of non-citizens through
the most vulnerable immigrants,
2601 N. Hwy 79 strategic litigation, public education,
including domestic violence victims,
Florence, AZ 85232-0654 and advocacy.
crime victims, refugees, and certain
(520) 868-0191 Fax: (520) 868-0192 Areas of Specialization:
persons needing deportation and
firrp@firrp.org Immigration/Refugee, Civil
removal defense.
www.firrp.org/ Rights/Liberties
Areas of Specialization:
2007 Openings Salary Types of Advocacy: Policy, Impact
Racial/Ethnic Justice/Cultural Rights,
... 1L/2L/3L vol. Litigation, Community Education
Poverty, Immigration/Refugee, Human
... Entry ... 2006 Office Comp.: 5 attorneys
Rights, Education, Domestic
Description: Represents indigent (2M, 6F, 1B, 2H, 2A-A, 1OG)
Violence, Criminal, Civil
non-citizens detained at remote, rural Deadline: Rolling
Rights/Liberties
Immigration and Customs Enforcement Split Summers: Sometimes
Types of Advocacy: Legal Writing,
Center in Arizona. Those served
Individual Cases, Community
include long-term legal permanent
ASIAN LAW ALLIANCE Outreach, Community Education
residents who face exile from their
2006 Office Comp.: 4 attorneys
families for violating the law, long- Richard Konda, Executive Director
(3M, 9F, 4H, 3A-A)
term undocumented residents who 184 E. Jackson St.
Deadline: ongoing
have developed deep ties in the U.S., San Jose, CA 95112-5153
Split Summers: No
individuals from around the world (408) 287-9710
seeking protection sccala@pacbell.net
www.asianlawalliance.org CENTRAL AMERICAN
Description: Focuses on the legal
needs of recently arrived Asian and RESOURCE CENTER
(CARECEN) LOS COALITION FOR IMMIGRANTS RIGHTS
ANGELES HUMANE IMMIGRANT CLINIC STANFORD
Daniel Sharp, Legal Director RIGHTS (CHIRLA) LAW SCHOOL
2845 West 7th St.
2533 W. 3rd St., Ste. 101 Jayashri Srikantiah, Professor
Los Angeles, CA 90005
Los Angeles, CA 90057 Stanford Law School/Crown
(213) 385-7800 Fax: 213 385 1094
(213) 353-1333 Quadrangle/559 Nathan Abbott Way
dSharp@carecen-la.org
infor@chirla.org Stanford, CA 94305
www.carecen-la.org
2005 Openings Salary www.publicinterestlaw.stanford.edu
2007 Openings Salary
... 1L/2L ... Description: The clinic represents
1 1L vol./ws
Description: Works to advance the individual non-citizens in a variety of
8 2L vol./ws
human and civil rights of immigrants matters including naturalization
Description: Provides legal services
and refugees in Los Angeles and proceedings, immigration court
and educational resources to low-
contribute to positive human hearings, and applications to secure
income immigrants in immigration and
relations in the city of Los Angeles. citizenship for survivors of domestic
asylum claims, civic participation, and
violence. Also conducts legal
advocacy training of immigrants and
advocacy on behalf of a number or
new residents. Also provides EL RESCATE LEGAL immigration rights organizations.
education services (tutoring, after
SERVICES Areas of Specialization: Domestic
school activities) for neighborhood
Violence, Immigration/Refugee
children and youth. 1313 W. 8th St., Ste. 200
Types of Advocacy: Administrative
Areas of Specialization: Los Angeles, CA 90017
Advocacy, Client-based, Impact
Immigration/Refugee, Human Rights, (213) 387-3284
Litigation
Civil Rights/Liberties 2005 Openings Salary
Split Summers: No
Types of Advocacy: Lobbying, 3 1L vol.
Individual Cases, Impact Litigation, Description: Provides legal services
Community Organizing, Community for indigent Central American refugees INTERNATIONAL
Education, Appellate in political asylum cases, including
2006 Office Comp.: 1 attorney representation before the U.S. INSTITUTE OF SAN
(11M, 18F, 24H, 3OG) Immigration and Naturalization FRANCISCO
Deadline: April 30 Service. Handles consumer fraud in
Margi Dunlap, Executive Director
Split Summers: No immigration cases and files legal
657 Mission St.
complaints before international
San Francisco, CA 94105
bodies for human rights violations by
CENTRO LEGAL DE LA (415) 538-8100
Central American governments.
2005 Openings Salary
RAZA Areas of Specialization: Economic
... 2L/3L vol.
Development, Domestic Violence,
Patricia Loya, Executive Director Description: Administers
Immigration/Refugee, Human Rights
1001 Fruitvale Ave., Fl. 2 immigration, deportation and political
Types of Advocacy: Community
Oakland, CA 94601 asylum cases.
Education, Individual Cases,
(510) 437-1555 Areas of Specialization: Criminal,
Lobbying, Legislative, Pro Se Clinics
www.centrolegal.org Domestic Violence,
2004 Office Comp.: 2 attorneys (2F,
Description: Mission is to create a Immigration/Refugee, Human Rights
1H)
fair and just society by protecting and Types of Advocacy: Community
Deadline: April 1 Rolling
upholding the rights of low-income, Education, Community Organizing
Spanish-speaking, and immigrant 2004 Office Comp.: 1 attorney (1F)
communities. Provides free and low- IMMIGRANT LEGAL Deadline: Rolling
cost legal services, counseling, and
referrals, conducts community RESOURCE CENTER
outreach and education and supports Shari Kurita, Assistant Director INTERNATIONAL
community organizing. 1663 Mission St., Ste. 602 INSTITUTE OF THE EAST
Areas of Specialization: San Francisco, CA 94103
Racial/Ethnic Justice/Cultural Rights, (415) 255-9499 Fax: (415) 255-9792 BAY
Poverty, Homelessness/Housing, ilrc@ilrc.org Staff Attorney poisition
Health/Medical, Family, Education, www.ilrc.org International Institute of the East Bay
Domestic Violence, Consumer, Civil 2006 Openings Salary 449 15th St., Ste. 201
Rights/Liberties, Business/Economic 1 1L ... Oakland, CA 94612
Issues 1 2L ... (510) 451-2846
Types of Advocacy: Teaching, Description: Provides legal support www.iieb.org
Research and Publications, Non- services on immigration law and Description: Devoted to helping
legal, Legal Writing, Individual policy. newcomers to the United States. The
Cases, Impact Litigation, Community Areas of Specialization: Institute helps thousands of
Outreach, Community Organizing, Immigration/Refugee immigrants become self-sufficient and
Community Education, Civil Types of Advocacy: Training, participate fully in the affairs of
Litigation Teaching, Research and Publications American society.
2006 Office Comp.: 1 attorney 2005 Office Comp.: 6 attorneys (3M, Areas of Specialization:
Split Summers: No 3F, 2A-A) Immigration/Refugee, Human Rights,
Split Summers: Sometimes Family, Children/Youth
Types of Advocacy: Individual Cases, modifications in law and www.ayudainc.org
Community Outreach, Community governmental practice consistent with 2007 Openings Salary
Organizing, Community Education ABA policy, provides continuing ... 1L vol.
Split Summers: No education and timely information ... 2L vol.
about trends, court decisions and Description: Provides legal and
pertinent developments for members of social services, advocacy,
NATIONAL the legal community, and develops empowerment, and educational
IMMIGRATION LAW and assists the operation of pro bono services for low-income Latin
programs that encourage volunteer American and other foreign-born
CENTER lawyers to provide legal persons in the Washington, D.C.
Monica Dunahee, Human Resources representation for individuals in metropolitan area.
3435 Wilshire Blvd., Ste. 2850 immigration proceedings, with a Areas of Specialization:
Los Angeles, CA 90010 special emphasis on the needs of the Immigration/Refugee, Human Rights,
(213) 639-3900 most vulnerable immigrant and refugee Family, Domestic Violence
jobs@nilc.org populations. Types of Advocacy: Individual Cases,
wwww.nilc.org Areas of Specialization: Prisoner Community Outreach, Community
Description: Provides back-up Issues, Immigration/Refugee, Human Education, Client-based
assistance on issues affecting aliens. Rights, Farm/Migrant Worker, 2006 Office Comp.: 9 attorneys (9F,
Areas of Specialization: Civil Children/Youth 1H)
Rights/Liberties Types of Advocacy: Research and Deadline: Rolling
Types of Advocacy: Administrative Publications, Regulatory Reform, Split Summers: No
Advocacy Policy, Lobbying, Innovative
Split Summers: No Advocacy, Community Outreach,
Community Education, CATHOLIC CHARITIES
Administrative Advocacy OF THE ARCHDIOCESE
ROCKY MOUNTAIN 2006 Office Comp.: 2 attorneys (2F)
IMMIGRANT ADVOCACY Deadline: Rolling OF WASHINGTON
Split Summers: Yes, either half IMMIGRATION LEGAL
NETWORK (RMIAN)
Mekela Goehring SERVICES
2785 N. Speer Blvd., Ste. 346 AMERICAN Jeanne Atkinson, Program Director
Denver, CO 80301 IMMIGRATION LAW 924 G St., NW
www.rmian.org/ Washington, DC 20001
Description: The organization is FOUNDATION LEGAL (202) 772-4300
involved in removal defense in ACTION CENTER jobs@catholiccharitiesdc.org
immigration and citizenship law. www.catholiccharities.com
918 F St., NW
Areas of Specialization: 2006 Openings Salary
Washington, DC 20004
Immigration/Refugee 4 1L vol.
Fax: (202) 742-5619
Types of Advocacy: Individual Cases 4 2L vol.
www.ailf.org
Split Summers: No 4 3L vol.
Description: Mission is to increase
Description: Offers professional
public understanding of immigration
immigration legal services to low-
AMERICAN BAR law and policy, to promote public
income clients from all over the world.
service and professional excellence in
ASSOCIATION (ABA) Represents clients in the following
the immigration law field, and to
matters: asylum, removal proceedings,
COMMISSION ON advance fundamental fairness, due
self petitions for victims of domestic
process, and basic constitutional and
IMMIGRATION violence, employment and family
human rights in immigration law and
based petitions.
Irena Lieberman, Director administration. The Legal Action
Areas of Specialization:
740 15th St., NW, 9th Fl. Center is the legal and litigation arm
Immigration/Refugee
Washington, DC 20005 of the American Immigration Law
Types of Advocacy: Administrative
(202) 662-1005 Fax: (202) 638-3844 Foundation.
Advocacy
immcenter@abanet.org Areas of Specialization:
2005 Office Comp.: 7 attorneys (2M,
www.abanet.org/publicserv/immigrati Immigration/Refugee
10F, 3H, 1A-A)
on/home.html Types of Advocacy: Research and
Split Summers: No
2007 Openings Salary Publications, Policy, Impact
1 1L vol. Litigation, Community Education,
1 2L vol. Client-based CENTRAL AMERICAN
1 3L vol. 2007 Office Comp.: 4 attorneys
Description: Directs ABA efforts to (1M, 3F) RESOURCE CENTER
ensure fair and unbiased treatment and Split Summers: No (CARECEN)
full due process rights for immigrants
Kathryn M. Doan, Director, Legal
and refugees within the United States.
AYUDA Department
Acting in coordination with other
1459 Columbia Rd., NW
Association entities, as well as Mauricio Vivero, Executive Director
Washington, DC 20009
governmental and non-governmental 1736 Columbia Rd., NW
(202) 328-9799 Fax: (202) 328-0023
bodies, the Commission advocates for Washington, DC 20009
carecendc2@aol.com
statutory and regulatory (202) 387-2870 x33
www.dcarecen.org Types of Advocacy: Research and 3000 Biscayne Blvd., Ste. 400
Description: Provides immigration Publications, Policy, Lobbying, Miami, FL 33137-4129
services to Central Americans, mainly Administrative Advocacy (305) 573-1106 x12
in the areas of family petitions, 2006 Office Comp.: 2 attorneys www.fiacfla.org
adjustment of status, citizenship and Deadline: April 1 2006 Openings Salary
assistance in deportation/removal Split Summers: Sometimes ... 1L vol.
proceedings. ... 2L vol.
Areas of Specialization: 1 Entry ...
Immigration/Refugee, Human Rights, U.S. SENATE Description: Protects and promotes
Civil Rights/Liberties JUDICIARY COMMITTEE the basic human rights of immigrants
Types of Advocacy: Lobbying, of all nationalities in Florida through
Community Organizing, Community SUBCOMMITTEE ON direct legal services and impact
Education, Administrative Advocacy IMMIGRATION, BORDER advocacy efforts.
Deadline: February 15 Areas of Specialization:
Split Summers: No SECURITY AND Immigration/Refugee
CITIZENSHIP Types of Advocacy: Individual Cases,
Impact Litigation, Community
DEVELOPMENT Reed OConner, Republican Majority
Education
Chief Counsel
PROJECT 2006 Office Comp.: 13 attorneys
SD 518 Dirksen Senate Office Bldg.
(3M, 10F)
740 15th St., NW Washington, DC 20510
Split Summers: No
District of Columbia, DC 20005- (202) 514-2000
1019 Description: United States Senate
www.abanet.org/immigprobono subcommittee that handles questions CATHOLIC SOCIAL
Description: Funds bar associations of immigration and refugee affairs. SERVICES, INC.
to develop or expand pro bono Split Summers: No
projects for immigrants and refugees. IMMIGRATION
Produces articles on and answers AMERICAN FRIENDS SERVICES
queries from lawyers about pro bono
SERVICE COMMITTEE Susan H. Colussy, Director
programs serving newcomers. Works
680 W. Peachtree St., NW
to increase the visibility of IMMIGRANT SERVICES Atlanta, GA 30308
immigrants legal needs with the
Angie L. Kemp, Staff Attorney (404) 881-6571
organized bar. Oversees
10700 Caribbean Blvd., Ste. 301 www.csatlanta.com
implementation of new detention
Miami, FL 33189 2006 Openings Salary
center standards.
(305) 252-6441 ... 1L vol.
Areas of Specialization:
www.afsc.org/miami/default.htm ... 2L vol.
Immigration/Refugee
Description: Provides legal ... 3L vol.
Types of Advocacy: Research and
representation to indigent clients of Description: Provides pro bono/low
Publications, Legal Writing
all nationalities, with a focus on cost immigration assistance in
2006 Office Comp.: (2M, 1F)
Guatemalans, Salvadorans and Georgia, Alabama, North Carolina and
Split Summers: No
Haitians. Works with cases of asylum, South Carolina.
HRIFA (Haitian Refugee Immigration Areas of Specialization:
U.S. COMMITTEE FOR Fairness Act), and NACARA Immigration/Refugee
(Nicaraguan Adjustment and Central Types of Advocacy: Individual Cases,
REFUGEES AND American Relief Act), domestic Community Education,
IMMIGRANTS violence, and workers rights. Administrative Advocacy
Areas of Specialization: Domestic Split Summers: No
Gregory Chen
Violence, Civil Rights/Liberties,
1717 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Ste.
Children/Youth, Farm/Migrant
200 CENTRO ROMERO
Worker, Immigration/Refugee,
Washington, DC 20036
Labor/Employment Frank Melone
(202) 797-2105
Types of Advocacy: Research and 6216 N. Clark St.
www.refugees.org
Publications, Non-legal, Legal Chicago, IL 60660
2006 Openings Salary
Writing, Intake and Referral, (773) 508-5300
6 1L $1,000
Individual Cases, Community ctroromero@aol.com
(stip.)
Outreach, Community Organizing, www.centroromero.org
6 2L $1,000
Community Education, Client-based, 2006 Openings Salary
(stip.)
Civil Litigation, ... 1L vol.
6 3L $1,000
Administrative/Management ... 2L vol.
(stip.)
2006 Office Comp.: 1 attorney (1M, ... 3L vol.
Description: Defends the rights of all
3F, 1B, 2H) Description: Community center
uprooted people regardless of their
Split Summers: Yes, either half providing educational and social
nationality, race, religion, ideology,
services to Chicago residents in the
or social group.
neighborhoods of Edgewater, Rogers
Areas of Specialization: FLORIDA IMMIGRANT Park and Uptown. Provides
Immigration/Refugee, Human Rights,
ADVOCACY CENTER immigration and family law assistance
Government Accountability/Legal
to Latino immigrants.
Reform/Whistleblowers Sharon Ginter
Areas of Specialization: NUEVA ESPERANZA OF Boston, MA 02111
Immigration/Refugee, Domestic 617-451 7979 Fax: 617-629 5768
Violence THE SIOUXLAND UNITED www.ccab.org
Types of Advocacy: Individual Cases, METHODIST 2007 Openings Salary
Community Outreach, Client-based, ... 1L vol.
Administrative Advocacy MINISTRIES ... 2L vol.
2006 Office Comp.: 1 attorney (1M) Judy Kading ... 3L vol.
Deadline: Rolling 1319 W. 5th St. Description: Handles all types of
Split Summers: No Sioux City, IA 51103 immigration matters, including
(712) 234-0418 Asylum screening and referral, family
ILLINOIS COALITION Description: Provides legal services based immigration status, immigration
to clients who need help with removal appeal, travel document application,
FOR IMMIGRANT AND defense, asylum applications, family- employment authorization
REFUGEE RIGHTS (ICIRR) based visa petitions and other application, adjustment,
immigration-related matters. refugee/asylum adjustment,
36 S. Wabash, Ste. 1425
naturalization, temporary protected
Chicago, IL 60603
status, special immigrant application,
(312) 332-7360 ECUMENICAL religious workers, VAWA, NACRA,
info@icirr.org
IMMIGRATION consular processing, and other
Description: Membership coalition of
immigration related matters. Has
more than 90 organizations and SERVICES immigration information line.
agencies, advocating on behalf of
821 General Pershing St. Operates weekly, walk-in immigration
immigrants and refugees throughout
New Orleans, LA 70115 clinic. Clients originate from all over
Illinois.
Description: Offers legal counseling the world, including Africa, Asia,
Areas of Specialization: Civil
to Central American refugees and Eastern Europe, Europe, Middle East,
Rights/Liberties,
representation before the Immigration North and South America.
Immigration/Refugee, Womens Issues
and Naturalization Service. Areas of Specialization:
Types of Advocacy: Community
Immigration/Refugee
Outreach, Lobbying, Policy,
Types of Advocacy: Individual Cases,
Legislative, Regulatory Reform CASA OF MARYLAND Client-based
2004 Office Comp.: 1 attorney (1M,
Steve Smitson 2006 Office Comp.: 5 attorneys
1B, 1A-A)
734 East University Blvd. Split Summers: Yes, either half
Deadline: Rolling
Silver Spring, MD 20903
(301) 431-4185
NATIONAL IMMIGRANT www.casademaryland.org CENTER FOR
Description: The mission of CASA is IMMIGRANT AND
JUSTICE CENTER to improve the economic and social
Mary McCarthy, Director well-being of the low-income Latino REFUGEE COMMUNITY
208 S. LaSalle St., Ste. 1818 community by facilitating the self- LEADERSHIP AND
Chicago, IL 60604-1156 development, organization, and
(312) 660-1326 Fax: (312) 660-1505 mobilization of its members. Provides EMPOWERMENT
www.immigrantjustice.org/ legal representation, education, and (CIRCLE)
2006 Openings Salary advocates on behalf of low-wage,
Sally Habana-Hafner, Director
... 1L vol. mainly immigrant workers. Clients
470 Hills South, School of Education,
... 2L vol. contribute between 10 and 20 hours
University of Massachusetts
... 3L vol. of their time, depending on the
Amherst, MA 01003
1 Entry ... complexity of their claims, in exchange
(413) 545-2933
Description: Provides immigration- for legal representation.
amcircle@educ.umass.edu
related legal services to low- and Areas of Specialization:
www-unix.oit.umass.edu/~amcircle/
moderate-income immigrants in the Racial/Ethnic Justice/Cultural Rights,
Description: Activities are grounded
upper Midwest. Labor/Employment,
and integrated in the academic world
Areas of Specialization: Womens Immigration/Refugee, Criminal
of students through community-
Issues, Immigration/Refugee, Human Types of Advocacy: Innovative
oriented course offerings for graduate
Rights, Advocacy, Individual Cases,
and undergraduate students. Students
Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual/Transgender Community Outreach, Community
experience community life of
Issues, Domestic Violence Organizing, Community Education,
immigrants and refugees and become
Types of Advocacy: Innovative Civil Litigation
engaged in community-based learning
Advocacy, Individual Cases, Impact Split Summers: No
projects. In turn, newcomer youth and
Litigation, Community Outreach,
leaders participate in leadership
Community Education, Client-based,
CATHOLIC CHARITIES training and education for community
Advice-only Phone Line,
development.
Administrative Advocacy OF BOSTON REFUGEE Areas of Specialization:
2006 Office Comp.: 14 attorneys
AND IMMIGRATION Immigration/Refugee, Racial/Ethnic
Deadline: March
Justice/Cultural Rights
Split Summers: No SERVICES Types of Advocacy: Community
Vivienne Hsu Education, Community Organizing,
75 Kneeland St., 8th Fl. Community Outreach
Split Summers: No Ali Noorani, Executive Director
105 Chauncy St., 9th Fl.
INTERNATIONAL Boston, MA 02111
CENTRO PRESENTE INSTITUTE OF BOSTON (617) 350-5480
Jessica Durrum, Legal Department miraco@tiac.net
Monica Modi Khant, Directing
54 Essex St. www.miracoalition.org
Attorney
Cambridge, MA 02139-2699 Description: Advocates for the rights
1 Milk St.
(617) 497-9080 Fax: (617) 497-7247 of immigrants and refugees and
Boston, MA 02109
centro@cpresente.org provides information, education and
(617) 695-9990 Fax: (617) 695-9191
www.cpresente.org training on issues affecting
beacon@iibsoton.org
2006 Openings Salary immigrants, refugees and the
www.iiboston.org
1 1L vol. communities that receive them.
2006 Openings Salary
1 2L vol. Areas of Specialization:
2 1L vol.
1 3L vol. Immigration/Refugee, Education,
2 2L vol.
Description: Provides legal Civil Rights/Liberties
Description: Provides representation
assistance to Central and Latin Types of Advocacy: Training,
to indigent and low-income, foreign-
American immigrants living in the Teaching, Research and Publications,
born persons on a minimal fee or no fee
Greater Boston area. Policy, Legislative, Legal Writing,
basis, exclusively in matters related to
Areas of Specialization: Community Organizing, Community
the immigration status of the clients.
Labor/Employment, Education
Clients are from around the world
Immigration/Refugee Split Summers: No
with the majority from the West
Types of Advocacy: Lobbying,
Indies, Central and South America, the
Individual Cases, Community
Middle East, Africa and Asia.
Organizing, Community Education
Areas of Specialization:
2006 Office Comp.: 1 attorney (1F, NATIONAL
Immigration/Refugee
1H)
Types of Advocacy: Individual Cases, IMMIGRATION PROJECT
Split Summers: Sometimes
Community Outreach
Dan Kesselbrenner, Director
2005 Office Comp.: 6 attorneys (1M,
14 Beacon St., Ste. 602
GREATER BOSTON 5F, 1A-A)
Boston, MA 02108-3715
Deadline: March
LEGAL SERVICES (617) 227-9727 Fax: (617) 227-5495
Split Summers: No
dan@nationalimmigrationproject.org
HARVARD www.nationalimmigrationproject.org
IMMIGRATION AND MASSACHUSETTS 2007 Openings Salary
1 1L ...
REFUGEE CLINIC ALLIANCE OF 1 Lateral ...
Debbie Anker PORTUGUESE SPEAKERS Description: Network of legal
197 Friend St. workers who work to end unlawful
Paulo Pinto, Executive Director
Boston, MA 20114 immigration practices and to expand
1046 Cambridge St.
(617) 603-1808 the civil and human rights of all
Cambridge, MA 02139
www.gbls.org/ immigrants regardless of their status
(617) 864-7600
Description: Represents people in the United States.
www.maps-inc.org/ehome.htm
fleeing persecution in their own Areas of Specialization:
Description: Outreach, advocacy,
countries, undocumented battered Immigration/Refugee
education, health, social services, and
women and undocumented Types of Advocacy: Research and
broad representation of Portuguese
unaccompanied minors to help them Publications, Regulatory Reform,
speaking migrants living in eastern
obtain legal status from the Policy, Legislative, Innovative
Massachusetts.
Immigration and Naturalization Advocacy, Advice-only Phone Line
Areas of Specialization:
Service and to defend them in 2005 Office Comp.: 2 attorneys
Racial/Ethnic Justice/Cultural Rights,
proceedings to remove them from the Deadline: January 15
Poverty, Immigration/Refugee,
U.S. Also provides advice, referrals Split Summers: Sometimes
Health/Medical, Elderly, Education,
and information on a wide range of
Children/Youth
other immigration questions through
Types of Advocacy: Policy, POLITICAL
its intake clinics.
Lobbying, Legal Writing, Intake and
Areas of Specialization: Womens ASYLUM/IMMIGRATION
Referral, Innovative Advocacy,
Issues, Reproductive Issues,
Individual Cases, Community REPRESENTATION
Immigration/Refugee, Human Rights,
Outreach, Community Organizing,
Government Accountability/Legal PROJECT (PAIR)
Community Education
Reform/Whistleblowers, Family,
Split Summers: Yes, either half Sarah Ignatius, Executive Director
Domestic Violence, Civil
14 Beacon St., Rm. 804A
Rights/Liberties
Boston, MA 02108-3704
Types of Advocacy: Individual Cases, MASSACHUSETTS (617) 742-9296 Fax: (617) 742-9385
Client-based
IMMIGRANT AND signatius@pairproject.org
Split Summers: Sometimes
www.pairproject.org
REFUGEE ADVOCACY 2007 Openings Salary
COALITION (MIRA) ... 1L/2L/3L vol.
Description: Recruits and trains ojadwat@aclu.org CENTRAL AMERICAN
attorneys to represent refugees and www.aclu.org
immigrants in political asylum cases 2007 Openings Salary REFUGEE CENTER
and advises people in INS detention ... 1L vol. (CARECEN) NEW
matters. 3 2L vol.
Areas of Specialization: 3 3L vol. YORK
Immigration/Refugee Description: Addresses national Patrick Young, Legal Director
Types of Advocacy: Individual Cases issues concerning the fundamental 91 N. Franklin St., Ste. 211
2006 Office Comp.: 3 attorneys (3F, civil liberties and civil rights of Hempstead, NY 11550-3003
1A-A) immigrants. Protects the rights and (516) 489-8330
Deadline: Rolling liberties of non-citizens through carecen@pb.net
Split Summers: No strategic litigation, advocacy, and 2005 Openings Salary
public education. *vol. accepted
Areas of Specialization: Description: Works with indigent
IMMIGRATION AND Immigration/Refugee, Civil Central American refugees on issues
HUMAN RIGHTS LEGAL Rights/Liberties ranging from discrimination to
Types of Advocacy: Policy, Impact asylum.
SERVICES CENTER Litigation, Community Education Areas of Specialization:
FOR MULTICULTURAL 2006 Office Comp.: 4 attorneys Children/Youth,
Deadline: August 1/December 1/Jan Immigration/Refugee, Human Rights
HUMAN SERVICES 31 (2L) Aug 1/Dec 1/Jan 31 (3L) Types of Advocacy: Community
(CMHS) Split Summers: No Organizing, Impact Litigation,
Individual Cases
Dr. Partha Banerjee, Executive
2004 Office Comp.: 2 attorneys (2F)
Director CATHOLIC LEGAL
New Jersey Immigration Policy
Network IMMIGRATION HUMAN RIGHTS FIRST
89 Market St., 7th Fl. NETWORK
Newark, NJ 07102
Donald Kerwin, Executive Director
HUMAN RIGHTS
www.cmhsweb.org/programs/immig.h ASYLUM PROGRAM
CLINIC, FDR Station, P.O. Box 1390
tml
New York, NY 10150-1390 Asylum Program Coordinator
Description: Seeks to provide
(212) 826-6251 333 7th Ave., 13th Fl.
services traditionally associated with
national@cliniclegal.org New York, NY 10001-5108
low-cost legal providers, including
www.cliniclegal.org (212) 845-5200
assisting recent immigrants with
Description: Subsidiary of the United www.humanrightsfirst.org
asylum applications and family based
States Catholic Conference. Seeks to Description: Focuses on long-term
immigration petitions, and also
meet the legal needs of indigent and institutional changes to ensure the
provide an enhanced, holistic
low income immigrants through local protection of human rights. Also
representation for clients fleeing
immigration programs which operate participates in the regular sessions of
persecution, war and conflict settings.
in diocesan offices. Provides international human rights
The program offers training, legal
representation and advocacy for monitoring bodies like the UN
internships, professional
detained immigrants. Commission on Human Rights, the
development, and collaborative
Areas of Specialization: Inter-American Commission on
opportunities for attorneys, law
Immigration/Refugee Human Rights and the Africa
students, and paralegals. It also
Types of Advocacy: Individual Cases, Commission on Human and Peoples
reaches out to the medical, social
Administrative Advocacy Rights.
service, and mental health
Split Summers: No Areas of Specialization:
communities,
Immigration/Refugee, Human Rights
Areas of Specialization:
Types of Advocacy: Research and
Immigration/Refugee, Human Rights, CATHOLIC MIGRATION Publications, Policy, Legal Writing,
Health/Medical
OFFICE Law Reform, Community Education
Types of Advocacy: Research and
2006 Office Comp.: (2M, 2F)
Publications, Legal Writing, Client- Ronald T. Marino, Director
Split Summers: No
based, Administrative/Management 1258 65th St.
Split Summers: No Brooklyn, NY 11219
(718) 236-3000 IMMIGRATION
cmo11219@aol.com
AMERICAN CIVIL catholicmigration.org EQUALITY
LIBERTIES UNION 2004 Openings Salary Rachel B. Tiven, Executive Director
1 1L vol. 350 West 31st St., Ste. 505
(ACLU) NATIONAL Description: Large nonprofit New York, NY 10001
IMMIGRANTS RIGHTS immigration law firm. (212) 714-2904
Areas of Specialization: www.immigrationequality.org
PROJECT NEW YORK Immigration/Refugee Description: Advocates for equality
Omar Jadwat, Staff Counsel Types of Advocacy: Individual Cases under the immigration law for lesbian,
125 Broad St., 18th Fl. Split Summers: No gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT)
New York, NY 10004 and HIV-positive individuals. Runs a
(212) 549-2660 pro bono asylum project to assist
LGBT and HIV-positive asylum LEGAL SERVICES Court, before BIA, and in the federal
seekers to find free or low-cost legal court system.
representation. Provides technical PROGRAM Areas of Specialization:
assistance to attorneys who are Wan Yong Austin, Supervising Immigration/Refugee
working on sexual orientation, Attorney Types of Advocacy: Administrative
transgender identity, HIV status- 308 W. 46th St., 3rd Fl. Advocacy, Advice-only Phone Line,
based asylum applications, or other New York, NY 10036 Appellate, Client-based, Community
immigration applications where the (212) 265-2070 Education, Community Outreach,
clients LGBT or HIV-positive 2007 Openings Salary Individual Cases, Innovative
identity is at issue in the case. ... 1L vol. Advocacy, Policy, Research and
Areas of Specialization: ... 2L vol. Publications
Racial/Ethnic Justice/Cultural Rights, ... 3L vol. 2005 Office Comp.: 5 attorneys (5F,
Immigration/Refugee, Description: Provides immigration 1B)
Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual/Transgender services to asylum seekers, refugees Deadline: January 25 (1L/2L)
Issues and immigrants. January 15 Rolling (3L)
Types of Advocacy: Innovative Areas of Specialization: Split Summers: Yes, either half
Advocacy, Community Outreach, Immigration/Refugee
Community Education, Civil Types of Advocacy: Individual Cases,
Litigation Community Organizing, Community NATIONALITIES
Split Summers: No Education SERVICE CENTER
2006 Office Comp.: (1M, 1F)
1300 Spruce St.
Deadline: February 1
INTERNATIONAL Philadelphia, PA 19107-5812
Split Summers: No
(215) 893-8400
RESCUE COMMITTEE 2006 Openings Salary
RESETTLEMENT NEW YORK 1 1L vol.
1 2L vol.
PROGRAM ASSOCIATION FOR NEW Description: Active in immigration
Louise Shea AMERICANS (NYANA) law, particularly immigration based
122 E. 42nd St. on family reunification and asylum.
Jeanine Scott, Staff Attorney
New York, NY 10168 Areas of Specialization:
17 Battery Pl., 9th Fl.
(212) 551-3000 Immigration/Refugee
New York, NY 10004-1101
www.theirc.org Types of Advocacy: Individual Cases,
(212) 425-2900
Description: Helps people fleeing Appellate
www.nyana.com
racial, religious and ethnic 2006 Office Comp.: 4 attorneys
2004 Openings Salary
persecution as well as those uprooted (3M, 2F, 1H)
... 1L vol.
by war and violence, resettles many Deadline: March 15 Rolling (1L)
... 2L vol.
refugees who qualify for entry into the March 15 (2L)
... 3L vol.
United States and cannot safely return Split Summers: No
Description: Assists the foreign-born
to their countries and provides direct
to achieve economic self-sufficiency,
financial assistance to cover the PENNSYLVANIA
social integration and naturalization
initial cost of housing, food, clothing
in the shortest possible time. IMMIGRATION
and transportation to those refugees
Areas of Specialization: Domestic
resettling in another country. IRC staff RESOURCE CENTER
Violence
members and volunteers also offer
Types of Advocacy: Community Kristen Uhler, Executive Director
counseling, job placement,
Education 50 Mt. Zion Rd.
translation, community orientation,
2003 Office Comp.: 3 attorneys York, PA 17402
school referral and other direct
Deadline: February 15 (717) 600-8099 Fax: (717) 600-8044
services. Through training, education
Split Summers: No info@pirclaw.org
and income-generating programs, IRC
www.pirclaw.org
helps refugees acquire new self-
2007 Openings Salary
sufficient skills. HIAS AND COUNCIL 1 1L ... (ws.)
Areas of Specialization:
Judith Bernstein-Baker, Executive 3 2L ... (ws.)
Security/Defense/Arms Control,
Director 3 3L ... (ws.)
Racial/Ethnic Justice/Cultural Rights,
2100 Arch St. ... Entry $34,000
Immigration/Refugee, Human Rights,
Philadelphia, PA 19103 ... Lateral $40,000
Civil Rights/Liberties
(215) 832-0900 Description: Assists migrants and
Types of Advocacy: Research and
hiasphl@hiaspa.org asylum seekers detained by
Publications, Policy, Non-legal,
www.hiaspa.org Department of Homeland Security
Legislative, Community Outreach,
2004 Openings Salary with information and access to legal
Administrative Advocacy
2 1L ws. services. Develops and operates
Split Summers: Sometimes
2 2L ws. projects addressing critical needs of
2 3L ws. detained immigrants.
LUTHERAN SOCIAL Description: Provides law-related Areas of Specialization:
immigration services on behalf of Racial/Ethnic Justice/Cultural Rights,
SERVICES OF NEW individuals in U.S. Immigration Prisoner Issues, Immigration/Refugee,
YORK IMMIGRATION Human Rights, Domestic Violence,
Disability, Criminal, Civil Civil Rights/Liberties, Areas of Specialization:
Rights/Liberties, Children/Youth Children/Youth Immigration/Refugee, Civil
Types of Advocacy: Pro Se Clinics, Types of Advocacy: Policy, Rights/Liberties, Children/Youth
Legal Writing, Intake and Referral, Individual Cases, Impact Litigation, Types of Advocacy: Training,
Individual Cases, Community Community Outreach, Class Action, Teaching, Research and Publications,
Outreach, Client-based, Appellate Regulatory Reform, Non-legal, Legal
Administrative/Management 2006 Office Comp.: 6 attorneys Writing, Intake and Referral,
2006 Office Comp.: 3 attorneys (2M, 1F, 1B, 1H, 1A-A, 1OG) Individual Cases, Community
(1M, 2F) Deadline: April 1 Outreach, Community Organizing,
Deadline: Rolling Split Summers: No Community Education, Client-based
Split Summers: No Split Summers: Sometimes

POLITICAL ASYLUM
CASA DE PROYECTO PROJECT OF AUSTIN TAHIRIH JUSTICE
LIBERTAD Edna Yang, Coordinating Attorney CENTER
Rogelio Nunez, Executive Director 314 E. Highland Mall Blvd., Ste. 501 Layli Miller Bashir, Founder, Legal
113 N. 1st St. Austin, TX 78752 Advisor
Harlingen, TX 78550 (512) 478-0546 Fax: (512) 476-9788 6066 Leesburg Pike, Ste. 220
(210) 425-9552 ChrisJ@papaustin.org Falls Church, VA 22041
www.proyectolibertad.org www.main.org/papa/ (703) 575-0070
2006 Openings Salary 2007 Openings Salary justice@tahirih.org
... 1L vol. 3 2L vol. www.tahirih.org
... 2L vol. Description: Nonprofit organization 2005 Openings Salary
... 3L vol. that provides direct legal ... 2L/3L vol.
Description: Works on immigration representation and advocacy on behalf Description: Pro bono legal services
cases for all nationalities. Assists of indigent immigrants throughout for women and girls seeking
undocumented people with specific Central Texas. PAPA represents immigration help.
legal problems, advises and trains pro asylum seekers, victims of domestic Areas of Specialization: Womens
bono legal workers on immigration violence, trafficking and other violent Issues, Reproductive Issues,
law, documents and litigates INS crimes, and detained immigrants before Immigration/Refugee, Human Rights,
abuses, educates immigrants and the Citizenship and Immigration Domestic Violence
refugees about their rights and Service, and in removal proceedings Types of Advocacy: Policy,
advocates for human rights. before the Office of the Immigration Innovative Advocacy, Individual
Areas of Specialization: Judge, the Board of Immigration Cases, Impact Litigation, Community
Immigration/Refugee, Human Rights Appeals, and the 5th Circuit Court of Outreach, Client-based
Types of Advocacy: Community Appeals. 2004 Office Comp.: 3 attorneys (3F)
Outreach, Community Organizing, Areas of Specialization: Deadline: May 10
Administrative Advocacy Racial/Ethnic Justice/Cultural Rights, Split Summers: No
Deadline: Rolling Poverty, Immigration/Refugee,
Split Summers: No Domestic Violence
Types of Advocacy: Intake and NORTHWEST
Referral, Individual Cases, Client- IMMIGRANT RIGHTS
LAWYERS COMMITTEE based
FOR CIVIL RIGHTS 2006 Office Comp.: 4 attorneys PROJECT
(3M, 7F, 3H, 2A-A, 1OG) Neha Chandola, Legal Director
UNDER LAW OF TEXAS Deadline: Until Filled 909 8th Ave.
Javier Maldonado, Executive Director Split Summers: No Seattle, WA 98104
601 Howard, Ste. 502 (206) 587-4009
San Antonio, TX 78212 neha@nwirp.org
(210) 736-1503 SOUTH TEXAS PRO 2004 Openings Salary
2006 Openings Salary BONO ASYLUM 1 2L ws.
... 1L vol. 2 3L ws.
... 2L vol. REPRESENTATION 1 Lateral $38,000
... 3L vol. PROJECT (PROBAR) Description: Provides representation
Description: Provides pro bono legal in deportation and asylum, and
Meredith Linsky, Coordinator
representation to immigrants whose representation for affirmative
301 E. Madison Ave.
civil rights have been violated. Also applications for detained and non-
Harlingen, TX 78550
handles major law reform cases as well detained immigrants in Washington
(956) 425-9231
as legal actions on behalf of state. Offices are in Seattle and near
Description: Provides pro bono
individuals and provides legal Yakima, WA.
representation to indigent asylum
support to immigrant groups and Areas of Specialization:
seekers and immigrants detained by
advocates. Delivers legal education Immigration/Refugee, Domestic
ORR in South Texas, near the U.S.-
programs and training to immigrants, Violence, Disability
Mexico border. ProBAR is a joint
social service agencies, and the legal Types of Advocacy: Administrative
project of the ABA, the State Bar of
community across the state of Texas. Advocacy
Texas, and the AILA.
Areas of Specialization: 2003 Office Comp.: 9 attorneys (2M,
Immigration/Refugee, Human Rights, 7F, 3B, 1H, 3A-A)
Deadline: Rolling Description: Represents the interests 2007 Openings Salary
Split Summers: No of migrant and seasonal farm workers. 1 1L vol.
1 2L vol.
1 Entry $38,000
CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE Areas of Specialization: 1 Lateral $50,000
FOR RURAL STUDIES Labor/Employment, Description: Public interest law firm
Immigration/Refugee, Health/Medical representing migrant farm workers in
(CIRS) Types of Advocacy: Policy, Impact major employment, civil rights and
Ron Strochlic, Executive Director Litigation, Community Outreach, housing litigation throughout
221 G St., Ste. 204 Community Education, Florida. Also engages in extensive
Davis, CA 95616 Administrative Advocacy policy work on behalf of farm workers.
(530) 756-6555 Fax: (530) 756-7429 2006 Office Comp.: 5 attorneys Principal areas of practice are labor
info@cirsinc.org (3M, 8F, 1B, 4H, 1D, 1OG) and employment law and civil rights.
www.cirsinc.org Deadline: Rolling Areas of Specialization:
Description: Conducts applied Split Summers: No Labor/Employment, Farm/Migrant
research on issues including farm Worker, Civil Rights/Liberties
labor, sustainable food systems and Types of Advocacy: Policy,
rural poverty. CIRS is working MIGRANT LEGAL Lobbying, Law Reform, Innovative
towards the sustainable development ACTION PROGRAM Advocacy, Impact Litigation, Class
of rural California based on the Action, Civil Litigation, Appellate,
Roger C. Rosenthal, Executive
principles of environmental balance, Administrative Advocacy
Director
economic viability, and social justice. 2006 Office Comp.: 3 attorneys
1001 Connecticut Ave., NW, Ste. 915
Areas of Specialization: (2M, 1F)
Washington, DC 20036
Labor/Employment, Deadline: April 1
(202) 775-7780
Immigration/Refugee, Health/Medical, Split Summers: Yes, either half
mlap@mlap.org
Farm/Migrant Worker, Civil
2007 Openings Salary
Rights/Liberties
1 1L vol. GEORGIA LEGAL
Types of Advocacy: Research and
2 2L vol.
Publications, Policy SERVICES PROGRAM
Description: A national support and
Split Summers: No
advocacy center providing legal FARMWORKER DIVISION
representation to indigent migrant
Dawson Morton, Staff Attorney
COLORADO LEGAL and seasonal farm workers in a variety
1100 Spring St., Ste. 200-A
of areas pertaining to farm worker
SERVICES MIGRANT Atlanta, GA 30309-2824
living and working conditions.
(404) 206-6525
FARM WORKER Areas of Specialization:
dmorton@glsp.org
Labor/Employment,
DIVISION www.glsp.org
Immigration/Refugee,
2007 Openings Salary
Patricia Medige Homelessness/Housing,
3 1L ... (ws.)
1905 Sherman St., Ste. 400 Health/Medical, Farm/Migrant
2 2L ... (ws.)
Denver, CO 80203-1811 Worker,
... 3L vol.
(303) 866-9366 Environment/Energy/Utilities,
1 Entry $36,500
www.coloradolegalservices.org Education, Civil Rights/Liberties,
Description: Provides free legal
Description: Works to educate and Children/Youth
representation to farmworkers in the
empower migrant farm workers in Types of Advocacy: Policy,
state of Georgia.
Colorado through policy and Lobbying, Individual Cases,
Areas of Specialization:
outreach. Community Education,
Labor/Employment, Farm/Migrant
Areas of Specialization: Administrative Advocacy
Worker
Labor/Employment, 2006 Office Comp.: 1 attorney (2M,
Types of Advocacy: Individual Cases,
Immigration/Refugee, Farm/Migrant 2F, 1H)
Impact Litigation, Factual
Worker, Education Deadline: January 31
Investigation, Community Outreach,
Types of Advocacy: Research and Split Summers: No
Community Education, Client-based
Publications, Legal Writing, Intake
2006 Office Comp.: 5 attorneys
and Referral, Individual Cases, Factual
FLORIDA LEGAL (2M, 3F, 1H)
Investigation, Community Outreach,
Deadline: February 1 Rolling (1L)
Community Organizing, Community SERVICES MIGRANT November 1 Rolling (2L) Rolling
Education, Client-based
FARM WORKER JUSTICE (3L)
Split Summers: No
Split Summers: Yes, first half
PROJECT
FARMWORKER JUSTICE Gregory S. Schell, Managing
Virginia Ruiz, Staff Attorney
Attorney ILLINOIS MIGRANT
508 Lucerne Ave. LEGAL ASSISTANCE
1010 Vermont Ave. NW, Ste. 915
Lake Worth, FL 33460-3819
Washington, DC 20005 PROJECT (IMLAP)
(561) 582-3921 Fax: (561) 582-4884
(202) 783-2628 Fax: (202) 783-2561
greg@floridalegal.org Vincent H. Beckman, Supervisory
fj@nclr.org
www.floridalegal.org Attorney
www.fwjustice.org
407 S. Dearborn St., Ste. 350
Chicago, IL 60604 34276 52nd St.
Fax: (312) 427-0381 Bangor, MI 49013
2004 Openings Salary (269) 427-1622 Fax: (269) 427-2862 FARMERS LEGAL
... 1L/2L ws. fls-michigan@umich.edu ACTION GROUP (FLAG)
Description: Nonprofit legal services www.farmworkerlaw.org
360 N. Robert St.
organization which provides pro Description: Statewide legal services
St. Paul, MN 55101-1109
bono legal assistance to migrant farm program providing civil legal services
(651) 223-5400 Fax: (651) 223-5335
workers. to indigent migrant and seasonal farm
lawyers@flaginc.org
Areas of Specialization: Civil workers and their dependents. Serves
www.flaginc.org/
Rights/Liberties, Farm/Migrant a primarily Latino client population.
Description: A public interest law
Worker, Health/Medical, Areas of Specialization: Poverty,
firm dedicated to providing legal
Homelessness/Housing, Labor/Employment,
services to family farmers and their
Immigration/Refugee, Immigration/Refugee,
rural communities. FLAG serves
Labor/Employment Homelessness/Housing,
financially distressed family farmers
Types of Advocacy: Administrative Farm/Migrant Worker, Domestic
and ranchers, working on issues such
Advocacy Violence
as credit, disaster relief, sustainable
2003 Office Comp.: 2 attorneys Types of Advocacy: Individual Cases,
agriculture, corporate concentration,
Deadline: March 1 Factual Investigation, Community
contract farming, race discrimination,
Split Summers: Sometimes Outreach, Community Education,
genetically modified crops, and
Client-based, Civil Litigation,
organics. Provides legal education
Administrative Advocacy
INDIANA LEGAL and farmer-friendly publications,
2006 Office Comp.: 6 attorneys
support to advocates and attorneys
SERVICES MIGRANT (3M, 3F, 1H)
serving family farmers, impact
Split Summers: No
FARMWORKER PROJECT litigation on key issues, and
legislative and administrative
Norman Metzger, Executive Director
MICHIGAN MIGRANT technical assistance services to its
151 N. Delaware St., Ste. 1640
client organizations.
Indianapolis, IN 46204 LEGAL ASSISTANCE Areas of Specialization:
(317) 631-9410
PROJECT Farm/Migrant Worker
www.indianajustice.org/Home/Publi
Types of Advocacy: Research and
cWeb Teresa Hendricks-Smitley
Publications, Legislative, Legal
Description: Nonprofit law firm that 648 Monroe Ave. NW, #318
Writing, Impact Litigation,
provides free civil legal assistance to Grand Rapids, MI 49503-1453
Community Education,
eligible low-income people in (616) 454-5055
Administrative Advocacy
Indiana. Helps clients who are faced thendricks@mmlap.com
2005 Office Comp.: 6 attorneys (2M,
with legal problems that harm their www.mmlap.com
4F, 1N)
ability to have such basics as food, 2007 Openings Salary
Split Summers: No
shelter, income, medical care or 1 Entry $35,500
personal safety. Most cases relate to 1 Lateral $40,000
family law, domestic violence, Description: Provides free legal MIGRANT LEGAL
housing, consumer law, access to services to indigent, migrant farm
health care, and access to government workers and their families throughout SERVICES
benefits. ILS does not handle any the state of Michigan. Jennifer Stohl, Supervising Attorney
criminal matters. The Migrant Areas of Specialization: 700 Minnesota Bld.
Farmworker Law Center provides Labor/Employment, St. Paul, MN 55101
legal services specifically to migrant Immigration/Refugee, (651) 291-2837
farmworkers who travel to Indiana to Homelessness/Housing, Government Description: A nonprofit legal
work in agriculture during the Accountability/Legal services office providing free legal
agricultural season. The most common Reform/Whistleblowers, services to migrant farm workers in
legal issues addressed by the MFLC Farm/Migrant Worker, Education, Minnesota and North Dakota.
are housing and working conditions, Domestic Violence, Consumer, Civil Areas of Specialization:
immigration, public benefits, and Rights/Liberties Labor/Employment,
workers compensation. MFLC staff is Types of Advocacy: Research and Immigration/Refugee,
bilingual (English/Spanish). Publications, Regulatory Reform, Pro Homelessness/Housing,
Areas of Specialization: Poverty, Se Clinics, Policy, Lobbying, Farm/Migrant Worker, Civil
Homelessness/Housing, Family, Legislative, Innovative Advocacy, Rights/Liberties
Elderly, Disability, Consumer, Individual Cases, Impact Litigation, Types of Advocacy: Individual Cases,
Children/Youth Enforcement, Community Outreach, Community Outreach, Community
Types of Advocacy: Individual Cases, Community Education, Class Action, Education, Administrative Advocacy
Impact Litigation Alternative Dispute Resolution, Deadline: March 1
2006 Office Comp.: (8M, 24F) Administrative Advocacy Split Summers: No
Split Summers: Sometimes 2006 Office Comp.: 6 attorneys
(2M, 2F, 2H)
Split Summers: Sometimes FARMWORKER LEGAL
FARMWORKER LEGAL SERVICES OF NEW
SERVICES OF MICHIGAN YORK
Susan Reed, Attorney
James F. Schmidt, Executive Director Areas of Specialization: Split Summers: No
80 St. Paul St., Rm. 620 Farm/Migrant Worker,
Rochester, NY 14604 Immigration/Refugee, Human Rights,
(585) 325-3050 Labor/Employment LEGAL ACTION OF
lpapenfuse@wnylc.com Types of Advocacy: Client-based, WISCONSIN
2005 Openings Salary Community Education, Impact
... 1L/2L/3L ... Litigation, Individual Cases MIGRANT PROJECT
*vol. accepted 2003 Office Comp.: 3 attorneys (1M, Kevin Magee, Migrant Project
Description: Provides legal services 2F, 1D) Director
to 80,000 migrant and seasonal farm Deadline: November 15 31 S. Mills St.
workers. Madison, WI 53715
Areas of Specialization: Civil (608) 256-3304 Fax: (608) 256-0510
Rights/Liberties, LEGAL AID SERVICES OF kgm@legalaction.org
Environment/Energy/Utilities, OREGON www.badgerlaw.net
Immigration/Refugee, Human Rights, 2007 Openings Salary
Labor/Employment FARMWORKER PROJECT ... 1L/2L $3,250
Types of Advocacy: Community Janice Morgan, Director of
Description: Represents migrant
Organizing, Impact Litigation, Farmworker Program
Individual Cases 230 NE 2nd Ave., Ste. A farm workers throughout
Hillsboro, OR 97124 Wisconsin, focusing on
(503) 648-7163 Fax: (503) 648-0513 employment-related problems and
LEGAL AID SOCIETY OF www.lasoregon.org public benefit issues.
MID-NEW YORK 2007 Openings Salary Areas of Specialization: Civil
1 1L vol. Rights/Liberties, Farm/Migrant
FARMWORKER LAW 1 2L vol. Worker, Labor/Employment,
PROJECT 1 3L vol. Poverty.
Description: Specializes in Types of Advocacy:
Charlotte Sibley, Managing Attorney
representing migrant and seasonal
52 S. Manheim Blvd. Administrative Advocacy, Civil
farmworkers primarily in employment,
New Paltz, NY 12561
housing and civil rights issues. Litigation, Community Outreach,
(845) 256-9096 Impact Litigation, Individual Cases
Many cases involve unpaid wages,
flp@idsi.net 2005 Office Comp.: 1 attorney
poor working conditions, unsafe
2005 Openings Salary (1M)
housing, discrimination and
... 1L/2L ...
retaliation for exercise of legal rights. Deadline: April 1 Rolling
Description: Nonprofit law firm
funded by the Legal Services
Areas of Specialization: Poverty, Split Summers: No
Labor/Employment,
Corporation. Representation of
Homelessness/Housing,
migrant and seasonal farm workers
Farm/Migrant Worker, Civil
throughout New York state.
Rights/Liberties
Areas of Specialization: Civil
Types of Advocacy: Individual Cases,
Rights/Liberties, Farm/Migrant
Impact Litigation, Factual
Worker, Labor/Employment
Investigation, Community Outreach,
Types of Advocacy: Administrative
Community Education, Client-based,
Advocacy, Community Education,
Civil Litigation, Appellate,
Community Outreach, Impact
Alternative Dispute Resolution,
Litigation, Individual Cases
Administrative Advocacy
2004 Office Comp.: 2 attorneys (2F)
2006 Office Comp.: 5 attorneys
Deadline: March 15 Rolling
(1M, 7F, 3H)
Deadline: Rolling
LEGAL AID OF NORTH Split Summers: Yes, either half

CAROLINA
FARMWORKER UNIT FRIENDS OF FARM
Mary Hall, Managing Attorney WORKERS
P.O. Box 26626 Karen Detamore, Executive Director
Raleigh, NC 27611 924 Chery St., 4th Fl.
(919) 856-2150 Philadelphia, PA 19107-2411
maryleeh@legalaidnc.org (215) 733-0878
www.legalaidnc.org/fwu kdetamore@friendsfw.org
2004 Openings Salary www.friendsfw.org
... 2L $300/wk. Description: Legal services program
Description: Provides legal which was formed to provide
assistance to migrant farmworkers in assistance to poor migrant and
North Carolina, primarily with labor, seasonal farm workers.
safety, and compensation issues that Areas of Specialization:
face them. Farm/Migrant Worker, Poverty
Types of Advocacy: Client-based
Selected Websites and Publications

Books
th
Serving the Public: A Job Search Guide, Vol. I U.S. 17 Edition
th
Serving the Public: A Job Search Guide, Vol. II International. 7 Edition

Immigration Detainee Defense Initiative Directory


American Bar Association

Directory of Nonprofit Agencies that Assist Persons in Immigration Matters


National Immigration Law Center

Websites

Harvard Immigration Project


http://www.law.harvard.edu/students/orgs/hip

International Law Society


www.law.harvard.edu/students/orgs/intl_law_society

Human Rights Journal


www.law.harvard.edu/students/orgs/hrj

International Law Journal


www.law.harvard.edu/students/orgs/ilj

Immigration and Refugee Clinic


www.law.harvard.edu/academics/clinical/irc

Legal Aid Bureau


www.law.harvard.edu/students/orgs/hlab

Human Rights Program


www.law.harvard.edu/programs/hrp

Mediation Program
www.law.harvard.edu/students/orgs/hmp

Hale and Dorr Legal Services Center


www.law.harvard.edu/academics/clinical/lsc