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This spreadsheet implements the Radiant Time Series Method for a simple building.

The
spreadsheet will handle up to 4 walls, each with a window and a roof. It may be readily
extended by the user. The building that is entered in the spreadsheet now is described
in the accompanying file: RTS_Overview_Montreal_ASHRAE_Chapter_6Oct03.pdf

It is based on the methodology described by McQuiston, Parker and Spitler, Heating,


Ventilating, and Air Conditioning Analysis and Design, Fifth Edition. 2000. New York:
John Wiley and Sons. One exception is that transmitted and absorbed solar heat gain
are calculated directly for the area of the window, rather than calculataing TSHGF and
ASHGF and then multiplying by the window area.

It relies on a number of functions written in Visual Basic for Applications (VBA). These
may be viewed, and even modified(!) by the user by going to Tools -> Macro -> Visual
Basic Editor.

Periodic response factors for walls and roofs may be determined with:
1) HvacLoadExplorer, which comes with the McQuiston, Parker and Spitler textbook.
2) PRF-RTF Generator, which may be downloaded (gratis) from the OSU Building and
Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group web site:
www.hvac.okstate.edu
3) Software that comes with the book Cooling and Heating Load Calculation Principles,
by C.O. Pedersen, D.E. Fisher, J.D. Spitler, R.J. Liesen 1998.(Atlanta, Georgia:
ASHRAE).
4) PRFs for a range of sample walls and roofs have been tabulated in the paper:
Spitler, J.D., D.E. Fisher. 1999. Development of Periodic Response Factors for Use with
the Radiant Time Series Method. ASHRAE Transactions. Vol. 105, No. 2, pp. 491-509.

Radiant Time Factors, the coefficients of the radiant time series, may be generated with
the software items 1-3, above.

Not to belabor the obvious, but since this spreadsheet is being given away for free, the
amount of free support that can be provided is necessarily limited. No warrantee of any
kind is given. While I would be interested in hearing of any bugs, or enhancements, I
can only respond as time permits. (i.e. don't expect a response)

Prof. Jeffrey D. Spitler


School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Oklahoma State University
www.hvac.okstate.edu
spitler@okstate.edu
Montreal

This spreadsheet calculates cooling loads for a zone with the ASHRAE RTS Procedure.
Data that is entered by the user is shown highlighted.

Design Conditions

Location Montreal
Latitude 45.47
Longitude 73.8
Time Zone 5 (5=Eastern TZ, 6= Central TZ, 7= Mountain TZ, 8=Pacific TZ)
Daylight Savings Time 1 (0 = standard time; 1=daylight savings time)
Month 7 (1=Jan ... 12=Dec; 21st of the month is assumed)
Outdoor Design Temperature 83 Degrees F
Daily Range 17.6 Degrees F
Indoor Air Temperature 72 Degrees F
Clearness Number 1
Ground reflectance 0.2

Surface Data
Surface Name S Wall Roof
Surface Number 1 2 3 4
Surface Area (sq. ft.) 280 0 0 0
Facing direction (deg) 180 0 180 270
(0=N,90=E,180=S,270=W)
Tilt (deg 0=horiz. Up; 90 0 90 90
90=vertical; 180=horiz. Down)
Solar absorptivity 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Outside surface conductance 4 4 4 4

Solar Fluxes

S wall
Incident Flux Incident Flux Incident Flux Incident Flux
Hour Solar Time (Btu/hr-ft2) (Btu/hr-ft2) (Btu/hr-ft2) (Btu/hr-ft2)
1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
4 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
5 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
6 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
8 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
9 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
10 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
11 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
12 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
13 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
14 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
15 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

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16 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!


17 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
18 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
19 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
20 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
21 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
22 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
23 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
24 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Air and Sol-Air Temperatures


Hour Air T (F) Sol-Air T (F) Sol-Air T (F) Sol-Air T (F) Sol-Air T (F)
1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
4 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
5 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
6 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
8 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
9 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
10 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
11 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
12 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
13 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
14 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
15 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
16 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
17 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
18 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
19 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
20 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
21 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
22 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
23 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
24 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Periodic Response Factors S wall Roof


1 8.2148E-03 3.5460E-04
2 2.3910E-02 3.2232E-03
3 1.2148E-02 5.5313E-03
4 4.0220E-03 5.3005E-03
5 1.1786E-03 4.5555E-03
6 3.2876E-04 3.8405E-03
7 8.9655E-05 3.2265E-03
8 2.4185E-05 2.7090E-03
9 6.4892E-06 2.2743E-03
10 1.7365E-06 1.9092E-03
11 4.6405E-07 1.6028E-03
12 1.2393E-07 1.3455E-03

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13 3.3084E-08 1.1296E-03
14 8.8307E-09 9.4828E-04
15 2.3569E-09 7.9608E-04
16 6.2900E-10 6.6831E-04
17 1.6786E-10 5.6104E-04
18 4.4798E-11 4.7099E-04
19 1.1955E-11 3.9540E-04
20 3.1905E-12 3.3194E-04
21 8.5145E-13 2.7866E-04
22 2.2723E-13 2.3393E-04
23 6.0640E-14 1.9639E-04
24 1.6183E-14 1.6487E-04

Conduction Heat Gains, Btu/hr S wall Roof


1 #VALUE! #VALUE!
2 #VALUE! #VALUE!
3 #VALUE! #VALUE!
4 #VALUE! #VALUE!
5 #VALUE! #VALUE!
6 #VALUE! #VALUE!
7 #VALUE! #VALUE!
8 #VALUE! #VALUE!
9 #VALUE! #VALUE!
10 #VALUE! #VALUE!
11 #VALUE! #VALUE!
12 #VALUE! #VALUE!
13 #VALUE! #VALUE!
14 #VALUE! #VALUE!
15 #VALUE! #VALUE!
16 #VALUE! #VALUE!
17 #VALUE! #VALUE!
18 #VALUE! #VALUE!
19 #VALUE! #VALUE!
20 #VALUE! #VALUE!
21 #VALUE! #VALUE!
22 #VALUE! #VALUE!
23 #VALUE! #VALUE!
24 #VALUE! #VALUE!

Windows (same orientation as above)


Window area (sq. ft.) 80
Window SHGC 0.76
Window U-value (Btu/hr-sq.ft.-F 0.55
Ni, inward flow fraction 0.3

At present, this spreadsheet does not account for shading. It assumes there is no shading.
Hour Solar Time Window Transmitted Heat Gains, Btu/hr
1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! Solar Heat Ga
3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
4 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 12.0
5 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
SHG (Btu/hr)

Page 3 10.0

8.0
Solar Heat Ga

Montreal 12.0

SHG (Btu/hr)
6 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
10.0
7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
8 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
9 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 8.0
10 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
11 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
6.0
12 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
13 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
14 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 4.0
15 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
16 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
2.0
17 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
18 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
19 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.0
20 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
21 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! H
22 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! Transmitted S
23 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
24 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Window Absorbed Heat Gains, Btu/hr


1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
4 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
5 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
6 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
8 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
9 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
10 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
11 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
12 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
13 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
14 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
15 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
16 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
17 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
18 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
19 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
20 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
21 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
22 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
23 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
24 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Window Conducted Heat Gains, Btu/hr Note: This now uses air temperature, not Sol-air as in Eq. 8-75
1 #VALUE! #VALUE!
2 #VALUE! #VALUE!
3 #VALUE! #VALUE!
4 #VALUE! #VALUE!
5 #VALUE! #VALUE!
6 #VALUE! #VALUE!

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7 #VALUE! #VALUE!
8 #VALUE! #VALUE!
9 #VALUE! #VALUE!
10 #VALUE! #VALUE!
11 #VALUE! #VALUE!
12 #VALUE! #VALUE!
13 #VALUE! #VALUE!
14 #VALUE! #VALUE!
15 #VALUE! #VALUE!
16 #VALUE! #VALUE!
17 #VALUE! #VALUE!
18 #VALUE! #VALUE!
19 #VALUE! #VALUE!
20 #VALUE! #VALUE!
21 #VALUE! #VALUE!
22 #VALUE! #VALUE!
23 #VALUE! #VALUE!
24 #VALUE! #VALUE!

Sensible Internal Heat Gains, Btu/hr


Name Lights People Equipment
Fraction radiative 0.7 0.7 0.5

1 921.2 0 614.1
2 921.2 0 614.1
3 921.2 0 614.1
4 921.2 0 614.1
5 921.2 0 614.1
6 921.2 0 614.1
7 921.2 0 614.1
8 921.2 0 614.1
9 4605.9 2475 3070.6
10 4605.9 2475 3070.6
11 4605.9 2475 3070.6
12 4605.9 2475 3070.6
13 4605.9 2475 3070.6
14 4605.9 2475 3070.6
15 4605.9 2475 3070.6
16 4605.9 2475 3070.6
17 4605.9 2475 3070.6
18 4605.9 0 614.1
19 921.2 0 614.1
20 921.2 0 614.1
21 921.2 0 614.1
22 921.2 0 614.1
23 921.2 0 614.1
24 921.2 0 614.1

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Heat Gain Summary

Wall Conduction Roof Conduction Window Absorption


Radiative Convective Radiative Convective Radiative
Btu/hr Btu/hr Btu/hr Btu/hr Btu/hr
1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
4 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
5 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
6 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
8 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
9 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
10 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
11 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
12 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
13 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
14 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
15 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
16 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
17 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
18 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
19 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
20 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
21 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
22 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
23 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
24 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Radiant Time Factors Non-solar Non-solar Non-solar


1 0.32419410 0.32419410 0.32419410
2 0.12824960 0.12824960 0.12824960
3 0.09090909 0.09090909 0.09090909
4 0.06977436 0.06977436 0.06977436
5 0.05605101 0.05605101 0.05605101
6 0.04642268 0.04642268 0.04642268
7 0.03926621 0.03926621 0.03926621
8 0.03369458 0.03369458 0.03369458
9 0.02919806 0.02919806 0.02919806
10 0.02547297 0.02547297 0.02547297
11 0.02232466 0.02232466 0.02232466
12 0.01962476 0.01962476 0.01962476
13 0.01729034 0.01729034 0.01729034
14 0.01525088 0.01525088 0.01525088
15 0.01346611 0.01346611 0.01346611
16 0.01189643 0.01189643 0.01189643
17 0.01051449 0.01051449 0.01051449
18 0.00929653 0.00929653 0.00929653

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19 0.00822069 0.00822069 0.00822069


20 0.00727301 0.00727301 0.00727301
21 0.00643251 0.00643251 0.00643251
22 0.00569296 0.00569296 0.00569296
23 0.00503578 0.00503578 0.00503578
24 0.00445496 0.00445496 0.00445496

Cooling Loads
Wall Conduction Roof Conduction Window Absorption
Radiative Convective Radiative Convective Radiative
Btu/hr Btu/hr Btu/hr Btu/hr Btu/hr
1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
4 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
5 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
6 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
8 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
9 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
10 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
11 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
12 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
13 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
14 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
15 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
16 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
17 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
18 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
19 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
20 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
21 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
22 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
23 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
24 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Wall(all) Roof Lights People Equip.


Btu/hr Btu/hr Btu/hr Btu/hr Btu/hr
1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
2 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
4 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
5 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
6 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
7 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
8 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
9 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
10 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
11 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

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12 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!


13 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
14 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
15 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
16 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
17 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
18 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
19 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
20 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
21 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
22 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
23 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
24 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

BASE window area, Chicago


HBM RTS %
1 572.7 #VALUE! #VALUE!
2 409.8 #VALUE! #VALUE!
3 271.7 #VALUE! #VALUE!
4 153.6 #VALUE! #VALUE!
5 59.5 #VALUE! #VALUE!
6 -4.8 #VALUE! #VALUE!
7 2211.4 #VALUE! #VALUE!
8 5518.8 #VALUE! #VALUE!
9 9326.6 #VALUE! #VALUE!
10 10654.9 #VALUE! #VALUE!
11 10826.5 #VALUE! #VALUE!
12 9949.3 #VALUE! #VALUE!
13 8285.6 #VALUE! #VALUE!
14 7311.8 #VALUE! #VALUE!
15 6934.9 #VALUE! #VALUE!
16 6620.7 #VALUE! #VALUE!
17 6280.8 #VALUE! #VALUE!
18 4609.1 #VALUE! #VALUE!
19 3484.8 #VALUE! #VALUE!
20 3021.2 #VALUE! #VALUE!
21 1890.5 #VALUE! #VALUE!
22 1336.2 #VALUE! #VALUE!
23 1003.1 #VALUE! #VALUE!
24 762.7 #VALUE! #VALUE!

Peak 10826.5 #VALUE! #VALUE!

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Montreal

Intermediate Variables

Day number #VALUE!


EOT #VALUE! Minutes
Std. Meridian 75 Degrees
ntain TZ, 8=Pacific TZ) A #VALUE!
B #VALUE!
C #VALUE!
Decl. #VALUE! Degrees

Roof
5
900
0

0.9
4
Flux (Btu/hr-sqft)

Roof
Incident Flux
(Btu/hr-ft2)
Incident Solar Irradiation
#VALUE!
#VALUE! 12.0
#VALUE!
#VALUE! 10.0
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE! 8.0
#VALUE!
#VALUE! 6.0
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
4.0
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE! 2.0
#VALUE!
0.0
Page 9 1 5 9 13
Time (hr)
4.0

2.0
Montreal

#VALUE! 0.0
#VALUE! 1 5 9 13
#VALUE!
#VALUE! Time (hr)
#VALUE! S wall Incident Flux (Btu/hr-ft2) Roof Incide
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
Temperature (F)

Sol-Air T (F)
#VALUE! Air Temperature and Sol-Air Temperatures
#VALUE!
#VALUE! 80.0
#VALUE! 75.0
#VALUE!
#VALUE! 70.0
#VALUE! 65.0
#VALUE! 60.0
#VALUE!
#VALUE! 55.0
#VALUE! 50.0
#VALUE!
45.0
#VALUE!
#VALUE! 40.0
#VALUE! 1 5 9 13 17 21
#VALUE! Hour
#VALUE! Air T (F) Sol-Air T (F) Sol-Air T (F)
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Roof
3.5460E-04
3.2232E-03
5.5313E-03
Periodic Response Factors
5.3005E-03 3.0000E-02
4.5555E-03
3.8405E-03
3.2265E-03 2.5000E-02
2.7090E-03
2.2743E-03 2.0000E-02
PRF

1.9092E-03
1.6028E-03
1.5000E-02 S wall
1.3455E-03
Roof
1.0000E-02 Page 10

5.0000E-03
2.0000E-02

PRF
1.5000E-02 Montreal S wall
1.1296E-03
Roof
9.4828E-04 1.0000E-02
7.9608E-04
6.6831E-04
5.6104E-04 5.0000E-03
4.7099E-04
3.9540E-04 0.0000E+00
3.3194E-04 1 3 5 7 9
2.7866E-04
11 13 15 17 19 21 23
2.3393E-04
Hour
1.9639E-04
1.6487E-04

#VALUE!
Heat Gain (Btu/hr)

#VALUE!
#VALUE! Conduction Heat Gains
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE! 12.0
#VALUE!
#VALUE! 10.0
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
8.0
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE! 6.0
#VALUE!
#VALUE! 4.0
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
2.0
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE! 0.0
#VALUE! 1 5 9 13
Hour 17 21
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE! Column B S wall

Solar Heat Gain

12.0

10.0 Page 11

8.0
Solar Heat Gain

12.0 Montreal

10.0

8.0

6.0

4.0

2.0

0.0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
Hour

Transmitted SHG Absorbed

ol-air as in Eq. 8-75

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Window Absorption Window Conduction Lights People


Convective Radiative Convective Radiative Convective Radiative Convective
Btu/hr Btu/hr Btu/hr Btu/hr Btu/hr Btu/hr Btu/hr
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 644.8 276.4 0.0 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 644.8 276.4 0.0 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 644.8 276.4 0.0 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 644.8 276.4 0.0 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 644.8 276.4 0.0 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 644.8 276.4 0.0 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 644.8 276.4 0.0 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 644.8 276.4 0.0 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 3224.2 1381.8 1732.5 742.5
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 3224.2 1381.8 1732.5 742.5
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 3224.2 1381.8 1732.5 742.5
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 3224.2 1381.8 1732.5 742.5
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 3224.2 1381.8 1732.5 742.5
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 3224.2 1381.8 1732.5 742.5
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 3224.2 1381.8 1732.5 742.5
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 3224.2 1381.8 1732.5 742.5
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 3224.2 1381.8 1732.5 742.5
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 3224.2 1381.8 0.0 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 644.8 276.4 0.0 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 644.8 276.4 0.0 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 644.8 276.4 0.0 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 644.8 276.4 0.0 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 644.8 276.4 0.0 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 644.8 276.4 0.0 0.0

Non-solar Non-solar Non-solar


0.32419410 0.32419410 0.32419410
0.12824960 0.12824960 0.12824960
0.09090909 0.09090909 0.09090909
0.06977436 0.06977436 0.06977436
0.05605101 0.05605101 0.05605101
0.04642268 0.04642268 0.04642268
0.03926621 0.03926621 0.03926621
0.03369458 0.03369458 0.03369458
0.02919806 0.02919806 0.02919806
0.02547297 0.02547297 0.02547297
0.02232466 0.02232466 0.02232466
0.01962476 0.01962476 0.01962476
0.01729034 0.01729034 0.01729034
0.01525088 0.01525088 0.01525088
0.01346611 0.01346611 0.01346611
0.01189643 0.01189643 0.01189643
0.01051449 0.01051449 0.01051449
0.00929653 0.00929653 0.00929653

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Montreal

0.00822069 0.00822069 0.00822069


0.00727301 0.00727301 0.00727301
0.00643251 0.00643251 0.00643251
0.00569296 0.00569296 0.00569296
0.00503578 0.00503578 0.00503578
0.00445496 0.00445496 0.00445496

Window Absorption Window Conduction Lights People


Convective Radiative Convective Radiative Convective Radiative Convective
Btu/hr Btu/hr Btu/hr Btu/hr Btu/hr Btu/hr Btu/hr
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 276.4 #VALUE! 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 276.4 #VALUE! 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 276.4 #VALUE! 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 276.4 #VALUE! 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 276.4 #VALUE! 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 276.4 #VALUE! 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 276.4 #VALUE! 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 276.4 #VALUE! 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1381.8 #VALUE! 742.5
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1381.8 #VALUE! 742.5
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1381.8 #VALUE! 742.5
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1381.8 #VALUE! 742.5
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1381.8 #VALUE! 742.5
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1381.8 #VALUE! 742.5
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1381.8 #VALUE! 742.5
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1381.8 #VALUE! 742.5
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1381.8 #VALUE! 742.5
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 1381.8 #VALUE! 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 276.4 #VALUE! 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 276.4 #VALUE! 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 276.4 #VALUE! 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 276.4 #VALUE! 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 276.4 #VALUE! 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! 276.4 #VALUE! 0.0

Zone Sensible Cooling Load


Infilt Total
Btu/hr Btu/hr
12.0
Load (Btu/hr)

#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 10.0
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 8.0
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 6.0
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
4.0
#VALUE! #VALUE!

2.0 Page 14

0.0
6.0

4.0 Montreal

#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 2.0
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 0.0
#VALUE! #VALUE! 1 6 11 16 21
#VALUE! #VALUE!
Time (hrs)
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! Cooling Loads

Load (Btu/hr)
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! 12.0

10.0 Wall(all) Btu


Roof Btu/hr
8.0 Lights Btu/h

6.0 People Btu/


Equip. Btu/h
4.0 Infilt Btu/hr
Total Btu/hr
2.0

0.0
1 5 9 13 17 21
Hour

Page 15
Montreal

cident Solar Irradiation

9 13 17 21 Page 16

Time (hr)
Montreal

9 13 17 21
Time (hr)
ent Flux (Btu/hr-ft2) Roof Incident Flux (Btu/hr-ft2)

21

T (F)

rs

S wall
Roof
Page 17
S wall Montreal
Roof

7 19 21 23

ns

17 21

wall

Page 18
Montreal

Equipment Window Transmitted Infiltration


Radiative Convective Radiative Convective
Btu/hr Btu/hr Btu/hr Btu/hr
307.1 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE!
307.1 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE!
307.1 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE!
307.1 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE!
307.1 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE!
307.1 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE!
307.1 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE!
307.1 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE!
1535.3 1535.3 #VALUE! #VALUE!
1535.3 1535.3 #VALUE! #VALUE!
1535.3 1535.3 #VALUE! #VALUE!
1535.3 1535.3 #VALUE! #VALUE!
1535.3 1535.3 #VALUE! #VALUE!
1535.3 1535.3 #VALUE! #VALUE!
1535.3 1535.3 #VALUE! #VALUE!
1535.3 1535.3 #VALUE! #VALUE!
1535.3 1535.3 #VALUE! #VALUE!
307.1 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE!
307.1 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE!
307.1 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE!
307.1 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE!
307.1 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE!
307.1 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE!
307.1 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE!

Non-solar Solar
0.32419410 0.1536867
0.12824960 0.1020392
0.09090909 0.08997366
0.06977436 0.08060347
0.05605101 0.07194186
0.04642268 0.06398566
0.03926621 0.05677876
0.03369458 0.05030643
0.02919806 0.04452929
0.02547297 0.03938812
0.02232466 0.03482821
0.01962476 0.03078854
0.01729034 0.02721336
0.01525088 0.02405303
0.01346611 0.02125775
0.01189643 0.01878873
0.01051449 0.01660798
0.00929653 0.01468001

Page 19
Montreal

0.00822069 0.012974
0.00727301 0.01147032
0.00643251 0.0101386
0.00569296 0.00896118
0.00503578 0.0079227
0.00445496 0.0070041

Equipment Window Transmitted Infiltration Total


Radiative Convective Radiative Convective
Btu/hr Btu/hr Btu/hr Btu/hr Btu/hr
#VALUE! 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 1535.3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 1535.3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 1535.3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 1535.3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 1535.3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 1535.3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 1535.3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 1535.3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 1535.3 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! 307.1 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

Cooling Load

Page 20
Montreal

1 16 21
Time (hrs)

Loads

Wall(all) Btu/hr
Roof Btu/hr
Lights Btu/hr
People Btu/hr
Equip. Btu/hr
Infilt Btu/hr
Total Btu/hr

17 21

Page 21