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Software Verification

PROGRAM NAME: ETABS


REVISION NO.: 0

EXAMPLE 8
Two-Story, Three-Dimensional Frame - Dynamic Response Spectrum Analysis

Problem Description
This is a two-story, three-dimensional building frame subjected to a response spectrum of
constant amplitude. The three-dimensional structure is modeled as a single frame with nine
column lines and twelve bays. Kip-foot-second units are used.

For consistency with the models documented in other computer programs with which the
ETABS results are compared (see Table 8-1), no story mass moments of inertia are as-
signed in the ETABS model.

Geometry, Properties and Loads


The geometry of the structure is shown in Figure 8-1.

B5 B6

B8 B10 B12
13'
B3 B4

B7
B9 B11
B1 B2 13'

C7 C8 C9

C4 C5 C6
25'
Z
Y
C1 C2 C3
X 25'

35' 35'

GLOBAL
STORY 1 CENTER OF MASS AT (38,27,13)
AND FRAME
STORY 2 CENTER OF MASS AT (38,27,26)
REFERENCE POINT
TYPICAL STORY MASS = 6.212 kip-sec 2 /ft

Figure 8-1 Two-Story Three-Dimensional Frame

Two-Story, Three-Dimensional Frame - Dynamic Response Spectrum Analysis 8-1


Software Verification
PROGRAM NAME: ETABS
REVISION NO.: 0

A response spectrum with a constant value of 0.4g is used. Other parameters associated
with the structure are as follows:

Columns Beams
Axial area 4 ft2 5 ft2
Minor moment of inertia 1.25 ft4 1.67 ft4
Major moment of inertia 1.25 ft4 2.61 ft4
Modulus of elasticity 350000 ksf 500000 ksf

Technical Features of ETABS Tested


Three-dimensional frame analysis

User-specified section properties

Dynamic response spectrum analysis

Comparison of Results
This example is also analyzed in Wilson and Habibullah (1992) and Peterson (1981). A
comparison of the key ETABS results with Wilson and Habibullah (Reference 1) and Pe-
terson (Reference 2) is shown in Table 8-1.

Table 8-1 Comparison of Results


Quantity ETABS Reference 1 Reference 2
Period, Mode 1 0.22708 0.22706 0.22706
Period, Mode 2 0.21565 0.21563 0.21563
Period, Mode 3 0.07335 0.07335 0.07335
Period, Mode 4 0.07201 0.07201 0.07201
X-Displacement
0.0201 0.0201 0.0201
Center of mass, 2nd Story

Computer File
The input data file is Example 08.EDB. This file is provided as part of the ETABS installa-
tion.

Conclusion
The results comparison shows acceptable agreement between ETABS and the references.

Two-Story, Three-Dimensional Frame - Dynamic Response Spectrum Analysis 8-2