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ECA Probes for Carbon Steel Weld Crack

Detection and Depth Sizing
A Giant Leap in Ferromagnetic Electromagnetic Testing
Ferrous materials have always been a challenge for eddy The Sharck is a new type of eddy current array (ECA) probe
current. Until now. based on tangential ECA (TECA) technology and specifically
developed for cracking in carbon steel. This new probe is not
The innovative design of Sharck probes* is capable of
only capable of measuring crack position and length, but also
addressing the inspection needs of several industries that rely
of sizing cracks up to 10mm (0.4in) deep. All this without
heavily on carbon steel welds, such as the oil and gas
removing paint or protective coatings.
(onshore and offshore), wind power, and structural industries.
The spring-loaded fingers of the Sharck probe adapt to the
To inspect for cracks in carbon steel welds with penetrant
geometry of the weld crown. This enables scanning the weld
testing (PT) and magnetic particle testing (MT), coatings
cap, the toe area, and the heat affected zone in a single
must normally be removed, surfaces must be cleaned, which
passat up to 200mm/s (8in/s) with full data recording.
is all very time consuming. Other techniques such as ECT
And, the advanced 2D and 3D C-scan imaging generated
pencil probes are highly operator dependant, most of the time
from the Sharck probe data offers the most intuitive
offering limited record-keeping capabilities and no depth
inspection results.
sizing. Similarly, existing advanced electromagnetic methods
are slow, require multiple scans, offer limited data, and rely
on algorithms and calculations to measure crack depth. Straight and right-
*Patent pending angle configurations

Independent, spring-loaded
Easy-to-remove guiding fingers that adapt to weld
wheels make cleaning geometries
and maintenance a cinch
B u i lt- i n, h i g h- re s o l u ti o n
encoderremovable for easy
cleaning and maintenance

Ergonomic grip for
optimum scanning

Slim design for restricted

access scanning

Heavy-duty cable for Strong strain relief

extreme durability for durability
Tangential Eddy Current Array (TECA)
Traditional pancake coil axes are perpendicular TECA offers extremely valuable information:
to the surface under test. The patent-pending An almost flat liftoff signal
Sharck probe, on the other hand, incorporates
the new TECA technology where tangential coils Crack-like indications approximately 90
are positioned on their sides, with their central relative to the liftoff signal
axes parallel to the surface. Tangential also All crack-like indications feature the same
means that eddy currents flow parallel to the phase shift
surface and are capable of diving under cracks
This has several major benefits, one being
to measure their depth.
the capability of monitoring liftoff unlike
Each finger in Sharck probes contains three coils. orthogonal coils that simply cancel the liftoff
Two are tangential, working in a transmit-receive signal.
mode. Using several small coil arrangements
Obviously, the vertical amplitude of a given
yields great resolution, while multiplexing
indication is impacted by liftoff. But thanks to
channels over many fingers provides a large,
a coil design capable of monitoring liftoff, the
uniform eddy current distribution for optimal
Sharck probe can compensate, offering accurate
sensitivity. The third coil is a pancake coil used
depth measurements.
to monitor crack position and detect transverse
While tangential eddy current is not an entirely
new concept, it has never before been used
in an array technique with high-performance
multiplexing. One key advantage of TECA is
that it offers signals similar to traditional ECT
pencil probe signals, making TECA easy to learn,
minimizing the ramp-up time, while being a more
information-rich technique.

An Advanced Array Technology Leveraging Advanced Software

Based on tangential eddy current array Easy interpretation with intuitive encoded 2D/3D C-scans
FastMaximum scan speed of 200mm/s Actual crack depth measurements
Not based on
Single-pass detection of longitudinal and transverse cracks theoretical modelling
Wide coverageSimultaneously scan weld cap, toe area, Automatic readingsCrack length and depth, liftoff
and heat-affected zone Auto-compensation Live monitoring of liftoff and
High-performance multiplexing for optimal sensitivity permeability variations
Reliable, less operator dependent compared to alternatives Full data recording and archiving capabilities
Weld Probe Specifications

Casing Small Medium Large

Coverage 28mm (1.1in) 53mm (2.1in) 103mm (4.1in)

Fingers 12 (6 2 rows) 22 (11 2 rows) 42 (21 2 rows)

Minimum number of required channels 32 64 128

Frequency Tuned, fixed at 20kHz and 80kHz

Encoder Built-in, IP68 rated, 20.53counts/mm

Standard cable* Heavy duty, 5m (16.4ft)

Maximum surface temperature 100C (212F)

Minimum pipe diameter for circumferential weld scan 25.4cm (10in)

Minimum pipe diameter for axial weld scan 30.5cm (12in) 40.6cm (16in) 58.4cm (23in)
* Other available cable lengths include: 15m (49.2ft) and 25m (82.0ft)

Pencil Probe Specifications


Casing Straight Right angle

Coverage Approximately 7mm (0.3in) at 6dB

Finger 1

Minimum number of required channels 32

Frequency Tuned, fixed at 20kHz and 80kHz

Standard cable* Standard, strong strain relief, 5m (16.4ft)

Maximum surface temperature 100C (212F)

* Other available cable lengths include: 15m (49.2ft) and 25m (82.0ft)

Item Value Note

Minimum detectable longitudinal crack length 2mm (0.08in) Results may vary according to crack location, liftoff, etc.

Minimum detectable longitudinal crack depth 0.5mm (0.02in) Results may vary according to crack location, liftoff, etc.

Maximum measurable crack depth 10mm (0.39in) Typical, with good accuracy, but can detect deeper cracks

Length sizing accuracy 2mm (0.08in) Typical when using 0.5mm (0.02in) scan resolution

Depth sizing accuracy 20% to 40% Typical for a wide range of crack length-to-depth ratios and alloys

Scan speed Up to 200mm/s (7.9in/s) With full data recording

Liftoff tolerance Up to 3mm (0.12in) Non-conductive coatings and paints, with monitoring and auto-correction

Tested on:
AISI 1018, 1020, 1045, 1117, 4140
SA516, 537, 387
Materials Wide variety of carbon steels
API 2W60
ABS A131

The information in this document is accurate as of its publication. Actual products may differ from
those presented herein.
2015 Eddyfi. Eddyfi, Ectane, Magnifi, Sharck, TECA, and their associated logos are trademarks or
registered trademarks of Eddyfi in the United States and/or other countries. Eddyfi reserves itself the
right to change product offerings and specifications without notice. 2015-02-02