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Latest P4 machine configuration

PROCESSOR AMD FX 8350 Black Edition 14500
RAM 16 GB (DDR 3) 8000
MOTHERBOARD Gigabyte FX Series 5000
DVD WRITTER Samsung 1200
CABINET Iball 1300
KEYBOARD & Iball 600
MONITOR Samsung 5000
SPEAKERS Iball 1200

2. What is a ROUTER?
Answer: Router is a device which connects two different logical networks.

3. What is the difference between hub, switch and router?
Answer: HUB:- Works at layer 1(physical)
1) It uses broadcast for packet forwarding.
2) Slower than switch & router
3) It creates one collision domain & one broadcast domain.

SWITCH: Works at layer 2 (Data link).
1) It uses IP address for packet forwarding.
2) Faster than Hub, but slower than Router.
3) Switch breakup collision domain, but create one broadcast domain.

ROUTER: Works at layer 3(Network).
1) It uses IP address for packet forwarding.
2) Faster than switch & hub.
3) It breakup broadcast domain as well as collision domain.

4. Name the different types of OSI layers.
Answer: Different types of layers:
7. Application layer
6. Presentation layer.
5. Session layer.
4. Transport layer.
3. Network layer.
2. Data link layer.
1. Physical layer.

5. What is VPN?
VPN stands for virtual private network. It used to create virtual tunnel between two different logical network for to
secure the data.

6. The CPU is a part of System board.

7. Physical Memory divides the storage area into Conventional & Reserved Memory.

8. The concentric Rings on the hard disk platter are known as Tracks.

9. The sealed compartment inside the hard disk is known as platter.

10. High Level of formatting is also known as NTFS.

so that multiple vendor LAN cards can communicate with each other. USB:. b) Used to connect mouse & modem. parallel.0:. d) It also known as entropic port. 4. 14. and MIDI ports. In which memory is the start-up configuration stored in a CISCO router? Answer: NVRAM (Non-Volatile read only memory). c) Data transfer speed is depends upon it’s versions like.5mbps. Parallel port:. Answer: RAM(Random Access Memory) ROM(Read Only Memory) 1. It is a Non-Volatile memory.a) 9-pins male connector. It is a volatile memory. What is OSI Model? Answer: OSI stands for open system interconnection. 2.a) 25-pins female connector. b) It has 4-pins. d) It uses to connect different USB devices. 3. Name the protocols used for sending and receiving mails. like USB keyboard & mouse etc. POP3 & IMAP4. Explain serial. . 3. c) Data transfer speed is multiple bits at a time. 19. d) It also known as communication port. New type of power supply. b) Used to connect printer & scanner. Difference between RAM & ROM. USB 1. USB 2. 12. What is the full form of SMPS? Answer: Switch Mode Power Supply. which introduced by ISO(International organization for standardization) in 1977. Answer: AT ATX 1. 2. 16. Old type of power supply. Answer: The protocols used for sending & receiving mails are SMTP. c) Data transfer speed is one bit at a time. 15. connectors. What is the full form of TCP/IP? Answer: Transmission control protocol / Internet Protocol. 18. It used 12-pins (6 + 6) power supply It uses 20-pins power supply connector. 20. It requires more power compared ROM. It did not provide high voltage power. Answer: Serial port:. It require less power compared to power. Scanner is an INPUT type of device. Only system related information is stored.a) USB stands for universal serial bus. 17. It has two connectors P8 & P9. 11. 13.480 mbps. Shadow Copy is a feature of which OS? Answer: Window Server 2003. It has only one connector.10. It provide high voltage power. Both system & user related information is stored.0:. USB. Difference between AT & ATX power supply. The protocol used in Internet is HTTP.

133MHz. sound card & other low speed peripherals in the past.a) This is normally a 33MHz. modem card etc. the information transmitted in the form of pitch & volume. Answer: a) IO. What is BUS? Explain PCI.The pie shaped divisions presents on the tracks of platter are known as sectors.a) ISA stands for Industry Standard Architecture. b) It runs at 66MHz. AGP slots:-a) AGP stands for Accelerated Graphics Port. c) Data transfer rate is 32 bits & 64 bits. ISA slots:. d) It was used for connecting modem card. c) Data transfer rate is 32 bits & 64 bits.a) MIDI stands for ‘musical instrument digital interface’.A main transmission media that used by all different devices for to communicate with each other is called as Bus. Explain the booting process.e) Also you can connect a device at the time of processing & no need to be restarting the computer.4ports & front panel:-2 ports).com.The concentric rings on the hard disk platter are known as tracks. c) Loading an OS files into memory. b) Brown color slots. b) Black color slots. c) Data transfer rate was 8 bits & 16 bits. Track and Cluster in a HDD? Answer: Sectors:.A group of sectors is known as cluster. 23. b) It is a very slow-speed bus but was ideal for certain slow speed or older peripherals. Answer: a) Boot-strap b) Post (power on self test)-checking all the hardware devices & searching OS.a) This is a high speed 32 bit bus. e) Not present in today’s pc. f) Number of USB port present on the cabinet is 6(back panel: . e) Loading & executing application software. 16 bit bus. e) Number of AGP slots present on today’s motherboard is 1. e) Number of PCI slots present on today’s motherboard are 3 to 6. What is a Sector. b) MSDOS. c) Command. 21. sound card. MIDI:. c) In MIDI devices. ISA Bus:-a) This is an 8 bit. 266MHz or 533MHz speed which allows for a bandwidth of up to 2. Cluster:. specifically for a video card. 24. bus and slots? Answer: Bus:. b) White color slots. d) OS installed itself. 22. Tracks:. d) It uses for connecting lan card. AGP. Name the booting files in DOS. AGP Bus:. ISA. 32bit bus.a) PCI stands for peripheral component interconnect.sys. PCI Bus:. b) It generated by either the chipset north bridge in North/South bridge chipset or the I/O controller hub in chipsets using hub architecture. b) This ports are used to connect different musical devices.133Mbps Slots:- PCI slots:. .sys. d) It use for connecting Graphic card.

More power consumption compared to LCD. Organizing the memory during operations. No need of continuous refreshing.Applies physical force to get impression of character. 4. Ink is forced through nozzles present on head & spray into paper. Types of Ink-Jet printer: . Difference between system & application software. print head touches paper & leaves head’s impression over paper. b) Piezo Printing Laser Printer:-Mostly used now a days.g. 1 Transistor & 1 Capacitor. Answer: System software: . It is less costly. LCD panels weight less than comparably sized CRTs. 2) Non Impact. 6) Storage section. It consists of following parts:- Photosensitive drum. 5 Transistors & 5 Capacitors 2. Low power consumption & less heat buildup make LCD unit less expensive to operate. 3. 4) ALU (Arithmetic Logical Unit). Fuser 28. c) Line printer. Ink-Jet printer:-No physical force is applied on paper. Answer: Printer is a output device that takes digital information from computer & convert it into print paper. 2. It is costly. E.: operating system (win 98. It takes less space. 5.g. CRT stands for Cathode Ray Tube. Erase lamp. 26. Difference between LCD & VGA Monitor. Difference between dynamic and static. 5. Answer: DYNAMIC RAM STATIC RAM 1. It takes more space. Controlling external devices. e. Takes more space. 4. Takes less space.25. Explain Printer types. size. Actual viewable area is one & half inch less than actual 100 % viewable area.a) Thermal Ink-Jet. Laser. 2) CPU (Central Processing Unit). Weights more compared to LCD. SRAM is used in cache. 3) CU (Control Unit). Transfer corona. 29. Explain Block diagram of PC. Impact:. 2 categories: 1) Impact.) . DRAM is used in RAM. xp. 3. 2) Non Impact:-Instead of ink ribbon these printers use ink-cartridges to store reservoir of ink. server etc. Types:-a) Ink-Jet printer. LCD stand for Liquid Crystal Display. 5) Output devices.:-a) Daisy-wheel printer. b) Dot-Matrix printer. Initializing on startup. Needs continuous refreshing to retain data. Answer: VGA(CRT) LCD 1. Toner.Control & manage PC’s internal functions. b) Laser printer. Answer: 1) Input devices. 27.

FAT32. e) It is classful. SMPS voltages for motherboard CD-ROM. Specific process required for user’s application. b) It brings components to life.:. Answer: a) It is small amount of code which lets the PC do something entirely on its own. How many digits are there in a windows installation key? Answer: 25 digits. HDD. Explain the Boot strap process. FAT12. E. Formatting:. b) System state.Partition is dividing hard disk space into logical volumes for allocation of specific data.g. Extended partition. POST & searching drives for an OS. NTFS partition. Non-Dos partition. 32. HDD:. FAT16. c) Recovery console. Types of File Systems. Ms-office etc. switch to router etc.+12V. What is IGRP Protocol? Answer: a) IGRP is interior gateway routing protocol. FIRST END SECOND END 1 White Orange White Orange 2 Orange Orange 3 White Green White Green 4 Blue Blue 5 White Blue White Blue 6 Green Green 7 White Brown White Brown 8 Brown Brown . 33. f) It doesn’t support VLSM & supports FLSM.Formatting is removing data from the disk and installing a new file system which can be FAT or NTFS.performs specific data processing job. Difference between straight cable and cross cable.PC to switch. c) Maximum hop count 255 & by default 100. 35. b) It uses distance vector method during routing. 34. d) It is dynamic protocol. d) Repairing after inserting CD. How does one take a backup if the OS is corrupted? Answer: a) ASR (Automated System Recovery).used to connect different devices E.g. NTFS. c) It performs 2 major functions i. CD-ROM:-+12V & +5V.:. Answer: FAT.e. Partition types:- Primary partition. Explain partition and formatting.+12V & +5V. Answer: Partition:.word processor. Answer: Straight cable: . 30. 37.Application software:. Logical partition. Active partition. 36. 31. Answer: Motherboard:.

Data link layer= physical addressing like MAC address. switches PCs. Presentation layer= data conversion and transformation. b) It monitors the network by using ping. ports in a network. What is broadcasting? Answer: Broadcasting is sending data or information to every node. hubs etc Used to connect 2 different LANs . TTL (Time To Leave). 42. No service provider Service provider is present except in leased line 3. Through a transmission media by which we can share resources like printers files & folders etc.:-PC to PC. Difference between LAN & WAN. tracert and accordingly displays messages such as Request time out. switches. 39. 40. E. Answer: Protocol is set of rules by which devices can be able to communicate between them. What is collision? Answer: Collision is intersection of two or more data at a particular point which results in Loss of data. microwave are used for networking networking 4. Connect PCs. Cables. 44. How do layers communicate? Answer: Application layer= user interface and application. Destination host unreachable. Measured in mbps Measured in kbps 2. Network layer= logical addressing like IP address. Limited up to 10km radius No limitation 5. Use of ICMP protocol. Session layer= keep data of different application separately. switch to switch etc. connectors etc are used for Radio waves. Answer: a) ICMP(Internet Control Message Protocol). FIRST END SECOND END 1 White White Green Orange 2 Orange Green 3 White White Orange Green 4 Blue Blue 5 White Blue White Blue 6 Green Orange 7 White White Brown Brown 8 Brown Brown 38. 43. Define protocol. 41. etc. What is a Network? Answer: Network is connection of different devices like Lan cards.used to connect same devices. Transport layer= end to end connectivity using port numbers.Cross cable:. LAN cards. hubs. infrared.g. Answer: LAN(LOCAL AREA CONNECTION) WAN(WIDE AREA NETWORK) 1. Physical layer= physical transmission of data using 0’s & 1’s.

47. b) It automatically provides IP to clients. tree. Answer: FAT(FILE ALLOCATION TABLE) NTFS(NEWTECHNOLOGY FILE SYSTEM) 1. NA Hot fixing 4. and domain.add/remove programs Step5:.ok . 50. 49. xp & thereafter 2. ownership 46. What is DHCP? Answer: a) DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol).create disk Step7:. 2000. xp Supported by win nt. Supported by win9x. NA Shadow copy 5. NA Remote as well as local security compression & encryption 3. 2003.go to start Step2:. 200.control panel Step4:. Number of primary partitions.45. b) It is logical network model of windows 2000 and 2003 which includes forest.startup disk Step6:. 48. What are Patches? Answer: Patches are small update packets. Answer: 4 primary partitions.settings Step3:. No security tab for giving security for files & Security tab with advanced permissions folders 8. 2003. What is ADS? Answer: a) ADS (Active Directory Service). Simple file sharing Advanced file sharing 7. Difference between FAT32 & NTFS.insert floppy Step8:. NA Inheritance. NA Disk quota 6. How to create a Windows Bootable Floppy? Answer: In win 98 operating system Step1:.