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LearningfromIncidents(LFI)

Fleet Management Limited, Hong Kong

CaseStudy AllisionwithJetty
Background Vessel
Vessel :
Chemical Tanker
Deadweight: 12287.6
Length: 124m
Breadth: 20.6m
Summer Draft: 8.56m
Condition: Partly loaded
Drafts: Fwd=6.2m , Aft=8.2m

Crew:
Nationality: Indian
Master: Indian, experience in
Rank: 5.75 years
Company: 9.9 years
Vessel type: 7.4 years
Background Port

Port : Solventas, Turkey is located in Izmit Korfezi (Gulf of Izmit), Sea of Marmara,
Northern Mediterranean Sea.

Voyage:
Evyap Terminal to Solventas Terminal
Distance about 10 NM.
Departed Evyap Terminal, 22nd August14 at 0624 hrs, under Pilotage
PlanforBerthing
PLAN
Following was the agreed
plan between Master
and Pilot to berth at
SOLVENTAS, No.2 berth,
port side alongside:

Head towards edge of


No.1 berth
Make port turn when
abreast no.2 berth and
then stop the vessel.
Make fast tugs- one
stbd bow and other at
stbd quarter
Go stern in first and
then port side
alongside to No.2
berth
TheIncident
EVENTS
0730 hrs: Vessel stopped her main
engines when she was 6 cables from
No.1 berth and doing speed of 7.3
knots

0732 hrs: Vessel started swinging to


Stbd to head towards No.1 berth.
Distance was 4 cables and speed 5.6
knots

0734 hrs: Vessel stopped swinging to


stbd and commenced swinging to port
to clear No.1 berth. Distance was 2
cables and speed 4.3 kts

0736 hrs: To increase rate of turn to port


so as to clear no.1 jetty edge, bow
thruster was given full to port and
ahead movement dead slow & then
slow ahead was given.

0737 hrs: Full astern was given as


bridge team realized she would not
swing clear of No.1 berth.

0737~0738 hrs: Vessel made contact


with No.1 berth, head on, breaching
her hull in way of Forepeak tank
Vesselstoppedher
mainengines

Commenced
turningtostbdto
headtowardsNo.1
berth.

Distancetoberth
no.1=6cables

Speed=7.3kts
MainEngines
Stop

Turningtostbdto
headtowardsNo.1
berth

Distancetoberth
no.1=0.4cables

Speed=5.6kts
MainEngines
Stop

Vesselstopped
turningtoStbdand
commencedswing
toport

Distancetoberth
No.1=0.2cables

Speed=4.6kts
MainEngines Dead
slowaheadthenslow
aheadwasgivenon
enginestoincrease
swingtoport.

Bowthrusterwas
givenfulltoportto
assistinturning.

Asbridgeteam
realizedbowwillnot
clearberth,main
engineswere
stoppedandfull
asternwasgiven.

Distancetoberth
No.1<0.1cable
Speed=4.1kts
Vesselmadecontact
withupperedgeof
thejettyinwayof
forepeaktank

MainEngines
stopped

Tugsweremade
fastandvesselwas
movedasternand
berthatNo.2berth
Loss/Consequence

Contact damage to vessel:


Hull breach in way of Forepeak Tank
Loss of Time: 7.02 days
Reputation loss for Managers & Owners
Loss/Consequence

Contact damage Berth:


Chipping of cement on upper platform of the jetty
Claims: P&I report awaited
Whatwentwrong?
POOR PLANNING:
Inadequate planning of maneuver
Unsafe speed of approach Speed reduction not planned
Tugs not fast or positioned at appropriate location for assistance

LEADERSHIP FAILURE:
Over-reliance on Pilot

HUMAN FACTORS:
Complacency repeated calls in same port, short voyages
Lack of Situation awareness / Distraction due to use of computer
during Pilotage
Recommendationsforprevention
PLANNING:
Plan your maneuver- Distance to berth vs Speed
Positioning of Tugs
Effective use of Bow thruster where available

LEADERSHIP:
Do not over-rely on Pilot. He is just an assistant for
navigation.
Master / Officers have full responsibility as well as Liability

SITUATIONAL AWARENESS:
Do not get distracted by computers, mobile phones or
gossips. Be Alert and have situational awareness
PLANYOURNAVIGATION
FIRSTSTEPTOSAFETY

SAFENAVIGATION

THINKABOUTIT!!