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Powering your designs

HIGH POWER SOLUTIONS

CORONA MULTIPACTOR

Electromagnetic Fields

HFSS
CST
FEKO
HIGH POWER SOLUTIONS

SPARK3D has been used in many applications so far:


Multipactor and gas discharge (at ambient) in Microwave switches.

Multipactor and gas discharge (at critical pressure) in Dielectric resonators.

Multipactor and gas discharge in coaxial cavity resonators.

Multipactor and gas discharge (at critical pressure) in microstrip lines.

Gas discharge (at ambient) in tunable filters.

Multipactor in feeding networks (septum polarizer,) and circulators.

Multipactor in Particle accelerator systems.

Etc

Some examples follow


High Power Analysis: Dielectric resonator
Courtesy of THALES ALENIA SPACE ESPAA
Dielectric Resonator

Critical region

Measurements
Multipactor: 380 - 470 mW Multipactor: 470 mW
Corona: 95 - 110 mW @ 2 mBar Corona: 96 mW @ 2 mBar
High Power Analysis: Cross-Coupled SIW Filter
Courtesy of Technical University of Valencia*
Four-pole SIW Combline filter

Test: Corona discharge glow!

Corona discharge

Breakdown occurs in Resonator 2


as shown in the simulations and
in the test.

* S. Sirci et al., Design and Multiphysics Analysis of Direct and Cross-Coupled SIW Combline Filters using Electric and Magnetic Couplings, IEEE MTT, Vol 63, Issue 12, November 2015, pp 4341-4354.
High Power Analysis: Comb-line filter
Courtesy of TRYO Aerospace
L-Band four cavity resonator filter

Standard approach: Only 5 dB margin.


Analysis is not passed: Test required

SPARK3D: > 12 dB margin


Analysis passed: NO Test required!!!
High Power Analysis: L-Band filter
Multipactor Breakdown calculation

Parallel plate breakdown result: 22 W

Measurement: 112 W
CST MWS + SPARK3D: 100 W

More than 6 dB difference between the conservative approach and the rigorous one.

* Results extracted from the European Space Agency project EVEREST


High Power Analysis: L-Band filter

Ionization Breakdown calculation

Simulation based on CST MWS + SPARK3D

Freq. / GHz Gas Critical pressure / mBar Simulation / W Measurement / W


1.4 Nitrogen 2 1.9 1.85
1.4 Air 2 1.3 1.6

* Results extracted from the European Space Agency project EVEREST


High Power Analysis: Microstrip line
Results extracted from a European Space Agency project

Measurements
Gas Discharge @ 1.5 GHz: Gas Discharge @ 1.5 GHz:
63 - 125 W @ 2 mBar 107 W @ 2 mBar