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Greater Scholars | Music Contents | 1st Term | Grade 2 17/18

Week 1
Solfa Notation
Solfa Notation is the set of syllables sung to the notes of the scale e.g.
do, re, mi, fa, so, la, ti, do., instead of singing C, D, E, F, G, A, B C. Solfa notationis used, especially
to teach singing.

Recorder Parts and Posture


The recorder is a woodwind instrument.
It has 3 parts: the headjoint (also called the mouthpiece), the body joint and the foot joint..

Step 1 - Posture:
Sit up straight in a relaxed manner. Keep your arms by your body. After puttingthe
recorder in your mouth, bend it downwards slightly so you can see.

Figure 1 Recorder Parts

. Embouchure and Finger Placement


Step 2 - Embouchure
This is the placementof the mouth on the instrument. Place a very small amount of the
mouth piece into your mouth, without touching the instrument with your teeth. Dont worry
about finger placement yet. Blow very gently into the recorder. Start each note you ply
with a doo syllable.

Step 3 - Finger placement


The left hand holds the TOP of the recorder while the right hand holds the
BOTTOM of it. Use the pad or cushions, of your finger tips to cover the holes.
Start by picking up the recorder by the foot joint. place your lefthand thumb Figure 2Embouchure and Posture
on the thumb hole.

1 Music Contents / 1st Term / 2017-2018 Session / GradeTwo


Greater Scholars | Music Contents | 1st Term | Grade 2 17/18

2 Music Contents / 1st Term / 2017-2018 Session / GradeTwo


Greater Scholars | Music Contents | 1st Term | Grade 2 17/18

Week 2
The Staff
The staff is made up of 5 lines and 4 spaces. Its lines and spaces are counted from the bottom to the
top. Each line and space represents a musical pitch. Musical notes and musical symbols are written on
a staff.

A Staff

LINES of a staff, counted from bottom to top SPACES of a staff, counted from bottom to top

There are 3 types of staves:


1. The TREBLE staff. 2. The BASS staff

3. And the GRAND (or GREAT) staff, which is a combination of the treble and bass staves.

THE PIANO KEYBOARD

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Greater Scholars | Music Contents | 1st Term | Grade 2 17/18
There are white and black keys on the piano keyboard.
The white keys are named using the alphabets A, B, C, D, E, F and G. The black keys are grouped
in TWOS and THREES.
The note C, is found to the left of the 2 black keys

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Greater Scholars | Music Contents | 1st Term | Grade 2 17/18

Week 3
The Clef.
The clef is a sign placed at the beginning of a staff to show the pitch (notes) of that staff.

There are 2 types of clefs;

1. The treble clef; also called the G clef 2. The bass clef, also called the F clef.

The treble clef indicates that the name of the first The bass clef indicates that the name of the first
line of the staff is E. line of the staff is G.

PIANO: CLEF SIGNS

This is the bass clef sign. This is the treble clef sign.

This is how MIDDLE C looks on a BASS STAFF. This is how MIDDLE C looks on a TREBLE STAFF.

Middle C is written as a semibreve and gets 4 counts Middle C is written as a semibreve and gets 4 counts

It is played by the right hand thumb. Play Middle C on It is played by the right hand thumb. Play Middle on the
the piano, with your left thumb and count 4. Piano with your left thumb and count 4.
Week 4
BONES
You've got to have bones to [clap]
Hang your body on,
Got to have bones to [clap]
Hang your body on,
Got to have bones to hang your body on,
That's what bones are for.

If you didn't have bones to [clap]


Hang your body on,
Didn't have bones to [clap]
Hang your body on,
Didn't have bones to hang your body on,
You'd be a big blob of jelly on the floor!

PIANO: MIDDLE C ON THE STAFF

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Greater Scholars | Music Contents | 1st Term | Grade 2 17/18
Music is written on the lines and spaces of a staff.
The notes written on the staff, tells us what keys to play on the piano.
There are different types of notes, but first we shall learn the semibreve.
The semibreve looks like this :
It isoval shaped.
A staff
Its time value is 4 counts (beats).
It tells us to play a note on the piano, that is 4 counts long.

Week 5
THE TREBLE STAFF

This is the treble staff. It is the combination of a TREBLE CLEF (G CLEF) and A STAFF. The treble
clef tells us the name of the first line is E.

The names of the lines of the treble staff are E, G, B, D, F.

A reminder, for the lines of the treble staff is


Every Good Boy Desereveses Favour.

E G B D F
Every Good Boy Deserves Favour

The names of the spaces of the treble staff are F, A, C, E.

A reminder, for the spaces of the treble staff is the word face.
Week 6
Piano: Middle C as a Semibreve

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Greater Scholars | Music Contents | 1st Term | Grade 2 17/18

Each finger has a number. The thumbs are both numbered 1

Everytime you see middle C on the bass staff, you play Everytime you see middle C on the treble staff, you play
middle C on the piano, with the LEFT HAND THUMB. middle C on the piano, with the RIGHT HAND THUMB.

Play with leftt hand thumb. Count to 4 for every note you play.

Play with right hand thumb. Count to 4 for every note you play.

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Greater Scholars | Music Contents | 1st Term | Grade 2 17/18

8 Music Contents / 1st Term / 2017-2018 Session / GradeTwo


Greater Scholars | Music Contents | 1st Term | Grade 2 17/18

Week 7
THE BASS STAFF
This is the bass staff. It is the combination of a BASS CLEF (F CLEF) and A STAFF. The bass clef
tells us the name of the first line is G.

The names of the lines of the bass staff are G, B, D, F.A.

A reminder, for the lines of the bass staff is Good Boy Deserve Favour.Always.
G B D F A
Good Boy Deserves Favour Always

The names of the spaces of the bass staff are A, C, E, G..

A reminder, for the spaces of the bass staff is


A C E G
All Cows Eat Grass
Week 8
Recorder Song: Little Fly
This song uses ONLY note B
This is note B the staff. This is note B the recorder

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Greater Scholars | Music Contents | 1st Term | Grade 2 17/18
1. SAY the words to the song.
2. CLAP in time with the words as you say them.
3. Observe how somw words lasts longer than others.
4. Play the tune on your recorder. Use note B. Make sure the notes match the pattern of the
words.

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