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Chapter IV: Demography Population Composition -The characteristics of a

population in terms of age, sex, place of residence,


Population educational attainment and employment; these
The total number of person in habiting a country, attributes affect the functioning of the society.
city, or any district or area. Variables of Population Change
Population is one basic component of society.
Fertility - Biological and social; Biological aspect is
Demography called fecundity; Social aspect is fertility.
It is the statistics of the population that is subjected Crude Birth Rate (CBR) -refers to the number of
to change in accordance with aging, birth, death, births per thousand population
migration etc. Morality - refers the actual number of deaths in a
Helps prioritizing resources allocation and identifying population; life span & life expectancy
areas that need income generating and employment Sex Ratio - number of male to female
stimulating activities. Migration - movement of people from one place to another
Census - Is the procedure of systematically acquiring and permanent residence.
recording information about the members of a Aspects of migration Push & Pull
given population.
Push factor that makes people leave their places of
Vital Statistics - Data about births, deaths and changes of
residence
status reported by the individual citizen
Pull attractive to feature
Historical records - Are important documents of recorded
Transportation is the factor that facilities movement of
events kept in the national archives.
people in or out of their places of residence
Administrative records - Are stored data of government and
International migration - Movement of people form country
non-governmental agencies.
to country
Sample survey - Are studies of representative portions of the
Emigration
total population
Immigration
Theories of Population Growth
Domestic migration - moving of people within a county inter
Thomas Malthus
or intra-regional.
Economist and Geographer
Essay on the Principle of Population (1798)
Claims based on:
- People need food to survive
- People have natural desire to reproduce
Food production will increase arithmetically (linear
growth) while populations grows geometrically
(exponential growth).

Arsene Dumont

Late 19th Century French demographer


Discovered a new principle of population called
social capillarity
The desire of people to rise on the social scale, to
increase their individuality as well as their personal
wealth.
To ascend the social hierarchy requires that
sacrifices be made.

Philippine Population Update

Population Distribution -The Philippine population is


unevenly distributed
Population Density -The number of person per
square kilometers