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BTS

V300R009

Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

Issue 01
Date 2009-11-30

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2009. All rights reserved.
No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written
consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions

and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and the
customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be within the
purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements, information,
and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or representations
of any kind, either express or implied.

The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and
recommendations in this document do not constitute the warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


Address: Huawei Industrial Base
Bantian, Longgang
Shenzhen 518129
People's Republic of China

Website: http://www.huawei.com
Email: support@huawei.com

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BTS
Antenna System Installation Guide - RET About This Document

About This Document

Purpose
You can start installing devices of the RET antenna system after the site preparation is complete.
These devices and the base station can be installed simultaneously.
This document describes how to install the RET antenna system (consisting of the RET antenna,
feeders, jumpers, RCU, STMA, SBT, and BT) and provides checklists for the hardware
installation.

Version
The following table lists the product version related to this document.

Product Name Product Version

GBTS All GBTS Versions

Intended Audience
This document is intended for:
l GBTS installers

Organization
1 Changes in BTS Antenna System Installation Guide (RET)
This provides the changes in the BTS Antenna System Installation Guide (RET).
2 Typical RET Antenna System
The typical RET antenna system is an independent antenna system that does not share antennas
and feeders with other systems.
3 Typical Antenna System Shared Between 2G and 3G Base Stations

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Organization Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

The antenna system shared between the 2G and 3G base stations means that the 2G base station
and the 3G base station share the same antenna or feeders. The two typical scenarios for the
shared antenna system are: shared RET antenna + independent feeders and independent RET
antennas + shared feeders.
4 Introduction to RET Antenna Line Devices
The RET antenna line devices consist of RET antennas, feeders, jumpers, RCUs, SBTs,
STMAs, AISG control cables, BTs, and splitters.
5 Control of RET Antennas
Huawei base station integrates the functions of controlling RET antennas. It manages the STMA
and RCU as internal components. Huawei GSM base station configured with the BT can control
RET antennas.
6 Antenna System Installation Preparations
Before installing the antenna system, you must keep the necessary tools and instruments, and
the feeder window ready.
7 Procedure for Installing the GSM RET Antenna System
This part describes how to install the GSM RET antenna system, which consists of the antenna,
feeders, and ALDs.
8 Installing the Grounding Bar
Used for surge protection, the grounding bar should be installed near the cabinet or on the
rainproof wall of the cable draw pit on the rooftop. In practice, the grounding bar should be
installed according to the engineering design.
9 Installing Antenna Supports
This part describes the procedure for installing the antenna support on a tower and the precautions
for the installation.
10 Assembling Antennas
Before installing an antenna on a tower, you need to assemble the antenna. The antenna to be
assembled can be an omnidirectional antenna or a directional antenna.
11 Hoisting Antennas
This part describes how to hoist antennas to the top of the tower.
12 Installing Antennas
This part describes how to install antennas on the tower platform and on the rooftop.
13 Installing the Splitters
Splitters should be installed if multiple antennas are used in one sector in the case of split sectors.
Splitters are installed between base stations and antennas using jumpers.
14 Installing RET Antenna Line Devices
The antenna line devices are the RCU, RRU3801C AISG multi-core cable, RRU3801C AISG
extension cable, SBT, STMA, and AISG control cable.
15 Installing Feeders

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET Organization

The feeder installation procedure includes routing feeders, installing feeder grounding kits, and
leading feeders into the equipment room.
16 Installing the Jumpers Between the Feeders and the Cabinet
Jumpers are required for the connection between the feeders and the base station. The connection
methods for jumpers and ports vary according to the base station equipment. For details, refer
to the installation manual of related base station equipment.
17 Testing the Antenna System
This part describes how to test the VSWR of the antenna after the antenna system is installed.
18 Installing Color Rings for the Antenna System
This describes how to install color rings for the antenna system.
19 Sealing Feeder Joints
Feeders are exposed to air. Thus, the feeder joints must be sealed to ensure stable performance.
Similarly, the feeder grounding clips must be sealed.
20 Waterproofing the Feeder Window
The feeder window are categorized into encapsulation window and glass window. You should
waterproof the feeder window based on its type.
21 Checking the Installation of the RET Antenna System
After the RET antenna system is installed, you must check the installation.

Conventions
Symbol Conventions
The symbols that may be found in this document are defined as follows.

Symbol Description

Indicates a hazard with a high level of risk, which if not


avoided,will result in death or serious injury.

Indicates a hazard with a medium or low level of risk, which


if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury.

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which if not


avoided,could result in equipment damage, data loss,
performance degradation, or unexpected results.

Indicates a tip that may help you solve a problem or save


time.

Provides additional information to emphasize or supplement


important points of the main text.

General Conventions

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Organization Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

The general conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows.

Convention Description

Times New Roman Normal paragraphs are in Times New Roman.

Boldface Names of files, directories, folders, and users are in


boldface. For example, log in as user root.

Italic Book titles are in italics.


Courier New Examples of information displayed on the screen are in
Courier New.

Command Conventions
The command conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows.

Convention Description

Boldface The keywords of a command line are in boldface.

Italic Command arguments are in italics.

[] Items (keywords or arguments) in brackets [ ] are optional.

{ x | y | ... } Optional items are grouped in braces and separated by


vertical bars. One item is selected.

[ x | y | ... ] Optional items are grouped in brackets and separated by


vertical bars. One item is selected or no item is selected.

{ x | y | ... }* Optional items are grouped in braces and separated by


vertical bars. A minimum of one item or a maximum of all
items can be selected.

[ x | y | ... ]* Optional items are grouped in brackets and separated by


vertical bars. Several items or no item can be selected.

GUI Conventions
The GUI conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows.

Convention Description

Boldface Buttons, menus, parameters, tabs, window, and dialog titles


are in boldface. For example, click OK.

> Multi-level menus are in boldface and separated by the ">"


signs. For example, choose File > Create > Folder.

Keyboard Operations

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET Organization

The keyboard operations that may be found in this document are defined as follows.

Format Description

Key Press the key. For example, press Enter and press Tab.

Key 1+Key 2 Press the keys concurrently. For example, pressing Ctrl+Alt
+A means the three keys should be pressed concurrently.

Key 1, Key 2 Press the keys in turn. For example, pressing Alt, A means
the two keys should be pressed in turn.

Mouse Operations
The mouse operations that may be found in this document are defined as follows.

Action Description

Click Select and release the primary mouse button without moving
the pointer.

Double-click Press the primary mouse button twice continuously and


quickly without moving the pointer.

Drag Press and hold the primary mouse button and move the
pointer to a certain position.

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET Contents

Contents

About This Document...................................................................................................................iii


1 Changes in BTS Antenna System Installation Guide (RET).............................................1-1
2 Typical RET Antenna System..................................................................................................2-1
2.1 Cabinet + BT + RET Antenna + RCU + SBT.................................................................................................2-2
2.2 Cabinet + BT + Cascaded RET Antenna + RCU + SBT................................................................................ 2-3

3 Typical Antenna System Shared Between 2G and 3G Base Stations..............................3-1


3.1 Shared RET Antenna; Independent Feeders................................................................................................... 3-2
3.2 Independent RET Antennas; Shared Feeders..................................................................................................3-3
3.3 Shared Cascaded RET Antennas; Independent Feeders..................................................................................3-5
3.4 Shared Cascaded RET Antennas; Shared Feeders..........................................................................................3-7

4 Introduction to RET Antenna Line Devices..........................................................................4-1


4.1 RET Antennas.................................................................................................................................................4-2
4.2 Feeders and Jumpers....................................................................................................................................... 4-2
4.3 RCUs...............................................................................................................................................................4-5
4.4 SBTs................................................................................................................................................................4-6
4.5 AISG Control Cable........................................................................................................................................4-7
4.6 Non-RET BT.................................................................................................................................................4-10
4.7 Splitters..........................................................................................................................................................4-10

5 Control of RET Antennas.........................................................................................................5-1


5.1 Control of Macro Base Station RET Antennas...............................................................................................5-2

6 Antenna System Installation Preparations...........................................................................6-1


6.1 Spacing Requirements for GSM Antenna Installation....................................................................................6-3

7 Procedure for Installing the GSM RET Antenna System...................................................7-1


8 Installing the Grounding Bar...................................................................................................8-1
9 Installing Antenna Supports....................................................................................................9-1
9.1 Installing the Antenna Support on the Tower................................................................................................. 9-2
9.2 Installing the Antenna Support on the Rooftop...............................................................................................9-5

10 Assembling Antennas...........................................................................................................10-1
10.1 Assembling Omni-directional Antennas.....................................................................................................10-2

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10.2 Assembling Directional Antenna................................................................................................................10-3

11 Hoisting Antennas.................................................................................................................11-1
12 Installing Antennas...............................................................................................................12-1
12.1 Installing an Omnidirectional Antenna on the Tower Platform..................................................................12-2
12.2 Installing a Directional Antenna on the Tower Platform............................................................................12-4
12.3 Installing an Omni-Directional Antenna on the Rooftop............................................................................12-7
12.4 Installing a Directional Antenna on the Rooftop......................................................................................12-10

13 Installing the Splitters...........................................................................................................13-1


13.1 Installing the Splitters on the Antenna Side................................................................................................13-2
13.2 Installing the Splitters on the Base Station Side.........................................................................................13-3

14 Installing RET Antenna Line Devices................................................................................14-1


14.1 Installing the RCU.......................................................................................................................................14-2
14.2 Installing the AISG Extension Cable of the RRU3801C............................................................................14-5
14.3 Installing the SBT........................................................................................................................................14-5

15 Installing Feeders...................................................................................................................15-1
15.1 Routing Feeders...........................................................................................................................................15-2
15.2 Installing Feeder Grounding Kits................................................................................................................15-8
15.2.1 Location Requirements for Grounding the Feeder of the Mini Base Station...................................15-10
15.2.2 Location Requirements for Grounding the Feeder of the Macro Base Station................................15-14
15.3 Leading Feeders into the Equipment Room..............................................................................................15-17

16 Installing the Jumpers Between the Feeders and the Cabinet......................................16-1


17 Testing the Antenna System................................................................................................17-1
18 Installing Color Rings for the Antenna System...............................................................18-1
19 Sealing Feeder Joints.............................................................................................................19-1
20 Waterproofing the Feeder Window....................................................................................20-1
21 Checking the Installation of the RET Antenna System..................................................21-1
21.1 Checklist for Antenna Installation...............................................................................................................21-2
21.2 Checklist for Feeder Installation.................................................................................................................21-3
21.3 Checklist for Jumper Installation................................................................................................................21-4
21.4 Checklist for Grounding Bar Installation....................................................................................................21-4
21.5 Checklist for Feeder Window Installation..................................................................................................21-4
21.6 Checklist for RET ALD Installation...........................................................................................................21-4
21.7 Checklist for Field Cleanliness of the Antenna System..............................................................................21-5

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET Figures

Figures

Figure 2-1 Configuration of cabinet + BT + RET antenna + RCU + SBT..........................................................2-3


Figure 2-2 Configuration of cabinet + BT + cascaded RET antenna + RCU + SBT...........................................2-4
Figure 3-1 Shared RET antenna and RCU between the DBS3800 and the 2G base station (independent feeders)
...............................................................................................................................................................................3-2
Figure 3-2 Shared RET antenna and RCU between the BTS3812E and the 2G base station (independent feeders)
...............................................................................................................................................................................3-3
Figure 3-3 Feeders shared between the 20 W RRU3801C and the 2G base station (independent RET antennas)
...............................................................................................................................................................................3-4
Figure 3-4 Feeders shared between the BTS3812E and the 2G base station (independent RET antennas)........ 3-5
Figure 3-5 Cascaded RET antenna shared between the DBS3800 and the 2G base station (independent feeders)
...............................................................................................................................................................................3-6
Figure 3-6 Cascaded RET antenna shared between the BTS3812E and the 2G base station (independent feeders)
...............................................................................................................................................................................3-7
Figure 3-7 Cascaded RET antenna and feeders shared between the 20 W RRU3801C and the 2G base station
...............................................................................................................................................................................3-8
Figure 3-8 Cascaded RET antenna and feeders shared between the BTS3812E and the 2G base station...........3-9
Figure 4-1 Cable connection in the antenna system.............................................................................................4-3
Figure 4-2 Kathrein RCU and Powerwave RCU................................................................................................. 4-6
Figure 4-3 Kathrein SBT and Powerwave SBT...................................................................................................4-7
Figure 4-4 0.5-m-long [1.64-foot-long] AISG control cable............................................................................... 4-8
Figure 4-5 2-m-long [6.56-foot-long] AISG control cable.................................................................................. 4-9
Figure 4-6 15-m-long [49.21-foot-long] AISG control cable.............................................................................. 4-9
Figure 4-7 BT.....................................................................................................................................................4-10
Figure 4-8 1-for-3 Kathrein splitter....................................................................................................................4-11
Figure 5-1 SBT + RCU........................................................................................................................................ 5-2
Figure 5-2 STMA + RCU.....................................................................................................................................5-3
Figure 5-3 SBT + RCU........................................................................................................................................ 5-4
Figure 8-1 Indoor grounding bar..........................................................................................................................8-1
Figure 8-2 Installing a grounding bar on the wall................................................................................................8-2
Figure 8-3 Grounding bar used before the feeder is led into the equipment room.............................................. 8-2
Figure 9-1 Structure of the antenna support on the tower platform.....................................................................9-2
Figure 9-2 Protection coverage of the lightning arrester......................................................................................9-3
Figure 9-3 Hoisting the antenna support or the antenna.......................................................................................9-4
Figure 9-4 Installing the antenna support on the tower platform.........................................................................9-5
Figure 9-5 Structure of the antenna support on the rooftop................................................................................. 9-6

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Figures Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

Figure 9-6 Protection coverage of the lightning rod............................................................................................9-7


Figure 10-1 Fixing clip of the omni-directional antenna....................................................................................10-2
Figure 10-2 Assembling fixing clips for the omnidirectional antenna...............................................................10-3
Figure 10-3 Fixing clip for the directional antenna............................................................................................10-4
Figure 10-4 Directional antenna corresponding to the pitch angle and installation hole...................................10-5
Figure 10-5 Angle display before adjusting the pitch angle of the antenna.......................................................10-5
Figure 10-6 Angle display after adjusting the pitch angle of the antenna..........................................................10-6
Figure 10-7 Adjusting gear and pitch angle scale axis.......................................................................................10-6
Figure 11-1 Hoisting the antenna support or the antenna...................................................................................11-2
Figure 12-1 Omnidirectional antenna installed on the tower platform..............................................................12-3
Figure 12-2 Relation between the azimuth of directional antenna and the sector..............................................12-5
Figure 12-3 Angle display before adjusting of the pitch angle of the antenna...................................................12-5
Figure 12-4 Angle display after adjusting the pitch angle of the antenna..........................................................12-6
Figure 12-5 Directional antenna on the tower platform.....................................................................................12-7
Figure 12-6 Omni-directional antenna installed on the rooftop.........................................................................12-9
Figure 12-7 Relation between the azimuth of directional antenna and the sector............................................12-11
Figure 12-8 Directional antenna corresponding to the pitch angle and installation hole.................................12-12
Figure 12-9 Angle display before the adjustment of antenna pitch angle........................................................12-12
Figure 12-10 Angle display after adjusting the pitch angle of the antenna......................................................12-13
Figure 12-11 Adjusting RET antenna pitch angle............................................................................................12-13
Figure 12-12 Installing directional antenna on rooftop (without parapet, with TMA)....................................12-15
Figure 12-13 Installing directional antenna on rooftop (with TMA and wall higher than 1200 mm).............12-16
Figure 13-1 1-for-3 splitter installed on the antenna side...................................................................................13-3
Figure 13-2 1-for-3 splitter installed on the base station side............................................................................13-5
Figure 14-1 Removing the protective cap..........................................................................................................14-2
Figure 14-2 Adjusting gear and spindle.............................................................................................................14-3
Figure 14-3 Adjusting spindle............................................................................................................................14-3
Figure 14-4 Removing the adjusting gear..........................................................................................................14-4
Figure 14-5 Installing the RCU..........................................................................................................................14-4
Figure 14-6 Installing the SBT...........................................................................................................................14-5
Figure 14-7 Installing the SBT jumper...............................................................................................................14-6
Figure 15-1 one-for-one feeder clip...................................................................................................................15-2
Figure 15-2 one-for-three feeder clip.................................................................................................................15-2
Figure 15-3 Protection treatment for the feeder connector (unit: mm)..............................................................15-4
Figure 15-4 Laying out the feeder from the tower top to the window...............................................................15-6
Figure 15-5 Laying out the feeder from the rooftop to the window...................................................................15-7
Figure 15-6 Installing the feeder grounding kits (a)...........................................................................................15-8
Figure 15-7 Installing the feeder grounding kits (b)..........................................................................................15-8
Figure 15-8 Grounding before leading the feeders into the equipment room (with grounding bar)..................15-9
Figure 15-9 Grounding before leading the feeder into the equipment room (without grounding bar)............15-10
Figure 15-10 Grounding locations of the feeder when the base station and the antenna are installed on the same
pole....................................................................................................................................................................15-11

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET Figures

Figure 15-11 Grounding locations of the feeder when the base station and the antenna are installed on different
poles..................................................................................................................................................................15-12
Figure 15-12 Grounding locations of the feeder when the base station is installed on a tower.......................15-13
Figure 15-13 Grounding locations of the feeder when the base station is installed indoors............................15-13
Figure 15-14 Grounding locations of the feeder when the RF antenna is installed on a tower platform.........15-15
Figure 15-15 Grounding locations of the feeder when the RF antenna is installed on the rooftop..................15-16
Figure 15-16 Routing the feeders through the feeder window.........................................................................15-17
Figure 18-1 Color rings attached for a tower-mounted base station..................................................................18-2
Figure 18-2 Attaching color rings......................................................................................................................18-3
Figure 19-1 PVC insulating tape and waterproof tape.......................................................................................19-1
Figure 19-2 Wrapping with three layers of waterproof tape .............................................................................19-2
Figure 19-3 Tightly pressing the waterproof tape..............................................................................................19-2
Figure 19-4 Wrapping with three layers of PVC insulating tape.......................................................................19-3
Figure 19-5 Tightly pressing the PVC insulating tape.......................................................................................19-3
Figure 19-6 Sealed cable....................................................................................................................................19-4
Figure 20-1 Waterproofed feeder window.........................................................................................................20-1

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET Tables

Tables

Table 4-1 Feeder types and cabling distances......................................................................................................4-4


Table 4-2 Design principles of the feeder length for Type A projects.................................................................4-4
Table 4-3 Design principles of the feeder length for Type B projects.................................................................4-5
Table 4-4 Relation between the BT quantity and the antenna system components...........................................4-10
Table 6-1 Tools and instruments for the antenna system installation..................................................................6-1
Table 6-2 Spacing requirements for omnidirectional antenna installation...........................................................6-3
Table 6-3 Spacing requirements for directional antenna installation...................................................................6-4
Table 14-1 Connection between the NodeB and the jumper..............................................................................14-6

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BTS
Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 1 Changes in BTS Antenna System Installation Guide (RET)

1 Changes in BTS Antenna System


Installation Guide (RET)

This provides the changes in the BTS Antenna System Installation Guide (RET).

01(2009-11-30) of V300R009
This is the initial commercial release.

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BTS
Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 2 Typical RET Antenna System

2 Typical RET Antenna System

About This Chapter

The typical RET antenna system is an independent antenna system that does not share antennas
and feeders with other systems.

2.1 Cabinet + BT + RET Antenna + RCU + SBT


In this typical configuration, the antenna system consists of the RET antenna, BT, SBT, RCU,
and feeders. The AISG port on the SBT is connected to the RCU through an AISG control cable.
2.2 Cabinet + BT + Cascaded RET Antenna + RCU + SBT
In this typical configuration, the antenna system consists of the cascaded RET antenna, BT, SBT,
RCU, and feeders. The AISG port on the SBT is connected to the RCU through an AISG control
cable.
support

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2 Typical RET Antenna System Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

2.1 Cabinet + BT + RET Antenna + RCU + SBT


In this typical configuration, the antenna system consists of the RET antenna, BT, SBT, RCU,
and feeders. The AISG port on the SBT is connected to the RCU through an AISG control cable.

NOTE

The common BT transmits DC signal and RF signal, and the OOK BT transmits DC signal, RF signal, and
OOK signal. For the RET antenna system, the OOK BT must be used.
Splitters should be installed if multiple antennas are used in one sector in the case of split sectors. For
details about the installation of splitters, refer to Installing the Splitters. Splitters are installed between
base stations and antennas using jumpers.

The RET antenna can be controlled through the Huawei OMC or the LMT. The OMC or the
LMT sends the control signals to the base station. The base station converts the control signals
into OOK signals, and then transfers the OOK signals and DC power to the BT. Then, the BT
couples the OOK signals and DC power into the internal conductor of Feeder 1.
After the OOK signals and DC power enters the SBT, the DC power is transferred to the RCU
through the control cable between the SBT and the RCU. In the SBT, the OOK signals are
demodulated and converted into RS485 signals. Then, the RS485 signals are sent to the RCU.
After the RCU receives the RS485 signals, it runs the command as specified in the signals.
Figure 2-1 shows the configuration of cabinet + BT + RET antenna + RCU + SBT.

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 2 Typical RET Antenna System

Figure 2-1 Configuration of cabinet + BT + RET antenna + RCU + SBT

support

2.2 Cabinet + BT + Cascaded RET Antenna + RCU + SBT


In this typical configuration, the antenna system consists of the cascaded RET antenna, BT, SBT,
RCU, and feeders. The AISG port on the SBT is connected to the RCU through an AISG control
cable.
NOTE

The common BT transmits DC signal and RF signal, and the OOK BT transmits DC signal, RF signal, and
OOK signal. For the RET antenna system, the OOK BT must be used.
Splitters should be installed if sectors are split. For details about the installation of splitters, refer to
Installing the Splitters. Splitters are installed between base stations and antennas using jumpers.

The RET antenna can be controlled through the Huawei OMC or the LMT. The OMC or the
LMT sends the control signals to the base station. The base station converts the control signals

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2 Typical RET Antenna System Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

into OOK signals, and then transfers the OOK signals and DC power to the BT. Then, the BT
couples the OOK signals and DC power into the internal conductor of Feeder 1.

After the OOK signals and DC power enters the SBT, the DC power is transferred to the RCU
through the control cable between the SBT and the RCU. In the SBT, the OOK signals are
demodulated and converted into RS485 signals. Then, the RS485 signals are sent to the RCU.

After the RCU receives the RS485 signals, it runs the command as specified in the signals.

Cascaded RCUs can be used when the antennas for three sectors are installed on the same pole
or tower and within a short distance of each other.

Figure 2-2 shows the configuration of cabinet + BT + cascaded RET antenna + RCU + SBT.

Figure 2-2 Configuration of cabinet + BT + cascaded RET antenna + RCU + SBT

support

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BTS 3 Typical Antenna System Shared Between 2G and 3G Base
Antenna System Installation Guide - RET Stations

3 Typical Antenna System Shared Between 2G


and 3G Base Stations

About This Chapter

The antenna system shared between the 2G and 3G base stations means that the 2G base station
and the 3G base station share the same antenna or feeders. The two typical scenarios for the
shared antenna system are: shared RET antenna + independent feeders and independent RET
antennas + shared feeders.

3.1 Shared RET Antenna; Independent Feeders


The 3G and 2G base stations can share an RET antenna but must have their own feeders. In this
typical configuration, the antenna system consists of the RET antenna, RCU, and feeders.
3.2 Independent RET Antennas; Shared Feeders
The 3G and 2G base stations can share feeders but must have their own RET antennas. In this
configuration, the parts of the antenna system differ according to the type of the 3G base station.
3.3 Shared Cascaded RET Antennas; Independent Feeders
The 3G and 2G base stations can share cascaded RET antennas but must have their own feeders.
The antenna system consists of the RET antenna, RCU, SBT, and feeders. Interconnection
between RCUs enables the 3G base station to control the antenna of the 2G base station.
3.4 Shared Cascaded RET Antennas; Shared Feeders
The 3G and 2G base stations can share the cascaded RET antenna and feeders. The antenna
system consists of the RET antenna, RCU, SBT, and feeders. Interconnection between RCUs
enables the 3G base station to control the antenna of the 2G base station.
support

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3 Typical Antenna System Shared Between 2G and 3G Base BTS
Stations Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

3.1 Shared RET Antenna; Independent Feeders


The 3G and 2G base stations can share an RET antenna but must have their own feeders. In this
typical configuration, the antenna system consists of the RET antenna, RCU, and feeders.
Figure 3-1 shows the antenna system (independent feeders) shared between the 20 W
RRU3801C and the 2G base station. Figure 3-2 shows the antenna system (independent feeders)
shared between the BTS3812E and the 2G base station.

Figure 3-1 Shared RET antenna and RCU between the DBS3800 and the 2G base station
(independent feeders)

In this configuration:
l Generally, the RRU3801C is installed near the antenna. For example, both the RRU3801C
and the antenna are installed at the top of the building.
l Typically, the RRU3801C is connected to the antenna through 1/2" jumpers. In some cases,
the RRU3801C is connected to the antenna through a 5/4" feeder and two 1/2" jumpers or
a 7/8" feeder and two 1/2" jumpers.
l The RRU3801C is connected to the RCU through an AISG multi-core cable.
NOTE

In this configuration, the 20 W RRU3801C and the 40 W RRU3801C are installed in the same way.

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BTS 3 Typical Antenna System Shared Between 2G and 3G Base
Antenna System Installation Guide - RET Stations

Figure 3-2 Shared RET antenna and RCU between the BTS3812E and the 2G base station
(independent feeders)

NOTE

l The BTS3812A and the BTS3812E can be installed in the same way.
l The AISG port on the SBT is connected to the RCU through an AISG control cable.

support

3.2 Independent RET Antennas; Shared Feeders


The 3G and 2G base stations can share feeders but must have their own RET antennas. In this
configuration, the parts of the antenna system differ according to the type of the 3G base station.

CAUTION
If the 3G and 2G base stations share feeders and the 2G base station uses the antenna surge
protector, the surge protector must be installed between the duplexer and the 2G base station.
This prevents the surge protector from being short-circuited with the ground and thus avoid short
circuit of RET control signals and DC signals on the 3G base station.

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3 Typical Antenna System Shared Between 2G and 3G Base BTS
Stations Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

Figure 3-3 shows the feeders (independent RET antennas) shared between the 20 W RRU3801C
and the 2G base station. Figure 3-4 shows the feeders (independent RET antennas) shared
between the BTS3812E and the 2G base station.

NOTE

The common BT transmits DC signal and RF signal, and the OOK BT transmits DC signal, RF signal, and
OOK signal. For the RET antenna system, the OOK BT must be used.

Figure 3-3 Feeders shared between the 20 W RRU3801C and the 2G base station (independent
RET antennas)

NOTE

l The BT and the SBT should be connected on the same feeder to the ANT_TX/RXA port at the bottom
of the RRU3801C. The AISG port on the SBT is connected to the RCU through an AISG control
cable.
l For the 40 W RRU3801C, the BT or the AISG coaxial cable is not required because the BT is
integrated into the RRU3801C.

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET Stations

Figure 3-4 Feeders shared between the BTS3812E and the 2G base station (independent RET
antennas)

NOTE

l The BTS3812A and the BTS3812E can be installed in the same way.
l The AISG port on the SBT is connected to the RCU through an AISG control cable.
support

3.3 Shared Cascaded RET Antennas; Independent Feeders


The 3G and 2G base stations can share cascaded RET antennas but must have their own feeders.
The antenna system consists of the RET antenna, RCU, SBT, and feeders. Interconnection
between RCUs enables the 3G base station to control the antenna of the 2G base station.
Figure 3-5 shows the antenna system shared (shared cascaded RET antennas; independent
feeders) between the DBS3800 and the 2G base station. Figure 3-6 shows the antenna system
(shared cascaded RET antennas; independent feeders) shared between the BTS3812E and the
2G base station.

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3 Typical Antenna System Shared Between 2G and 3G Base BTS
Stations Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

Figure 3-5 Cascaded RET antenna shared between the DBS3800 and the 2G base station
(independent feeders)

In this configuration:
l Generally, the RRU3801C is installed near the antenna. For example, both the RRU3801C
and the antenna are installed at the top of the building.
l Typically, the RRU3801C is connected to the antenna through 1/2" jumpers. In some cases,
the RRU3801C is connected to the antenna through a 5/4" feeder and two 1/2" jumpers or
a 7/8" feeder and two 1/2" jumpers.
l The RRU3801C is connected to the RCU through an AISG multi-core cable.
l The RCU on the 2G base station is connected to the RCU on the RRU3801C through an
AISG control cable.
NOTE

In this configuration, the 20 W RRU3801C and the 40 W RRU3801C are installed in the same way.

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET Stations

Figure 3-6 Cascaded RET antenna shared between the BTS3812E and the 2G base station
(independent feeders)

NOTE

l The RCU on the 2G base station is connected to the RCU on the BTS3812E through an AISG control
cable.
l The BTS3812A and the BTS3812E can be installed in the same way.

support

3.4 Shared Cascaded RET Antennas; Shared Feeders


The 3G and 2G base stations can share the cascaded RET antenna and feeders. The antenna
system consists of the RET antenna, RCU, SBT, and feeders. Interconnection between RCUs
enables the 3G base station to control the antenna of the 2G base station.

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3 Typical Antenna System Shared Between 2G and 3G Base BTS
Stations Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

CAUTION
If the 3G and 2G base stations share feeders and the 2G base station uses the antenna surge
protector, the surge protector must be installed between the duplexer and the 2G base station.
This prevents the surge protector from being short-circuited with the ground and thus avoid short
circuit of RET control signals and DC signals on the 3G base station.

Figure 3-7 shows the cascaded RET antenna and feeders shared between the 20 W RRU3801C
and the 2G base station. Figure 3-8 shows the cascaded RET antenna and feeders shared between
the BTS3812E and the 2G base station.

Figure 3-7 Cascaded RET antenna and feeders shared between the 20 W RRU3801C and the
2G base station

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BTS 3 Typical Antenna System Shared Between 2G and 3G Base
Antenna System Installation Guide - RET Stations

NOTE

l The BT and the SBT should be connected on the same feeder to the ANT_TX/RXA port at the bottom
of the RRU3801C. The AISG port on the SBT is connected to the RCU through an AISG control
cable.
l For the 40 W RRU3801C, the BT or the AISG coaxial cable is not required because the BT is
integrated into the RRU3801C.
l The AISG port on the SBT is connected to the RCU through an AISG control cable.
l The RCU on the 2G base station is connected to the RCU on the RRU3801C through an AISG control
cable.

Figure 3-8 Cascaded RET antenna and feeders shared between the BTS3812E and the 2G base
station

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3 Typical Antenna System Shared Between 2G and 3G Base BTS
Stations Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

NOTE

l The AISG port on the SBT is connected to the RCU through an AISG control cable.
l The RCU on the 2G base station is connected to the RCU on the BTS3812E through an AISG control
cable.
l The BTS3812A and the BTS3812E can be installed in the same way.

support

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 4 Introduction to RET Antenna Line Devices

4 Introduction to RET Antenna Line Devices

About This Chapter

The RET antenna line devices consist of RET antennas, feeders, jumpers, RCUs, SBTs,
STMAs, AISG control cables, BTs, and splitters.

4.1 RET Antennas


With the phase shifter that can be adjusted mechanically, the tilt of RET antennas can be adjusted
constantly.
4.2 Feeders and Jumpers
The feeders and jumpers are used to connect the antenna to the base station. They are of three
types: 1/2" jumper, 7/8" feeder, and 5/4" feeder.
4.3 RCUs
Receiving control signals sent from the NodeB, the Remote Control Unit (RCU) starts the step
motor and adjusts the tilt of the antenna by controlling the phase shifter through the drive system.
The RCU has a control port, that is, an RS485 port.
4.4 SBTs
The Smart Bias-Tee (SBT) provides DC power and control signals for the RCU through a feeder.
The SBT is mounted on the side of the RET antenna.
4.5 AISG Control Cable
The AISG control cable is a signal cable between the RCU and the SBT (or STMA). The cable
connected to the SBT is 0.5 m long. The cable connected to the STMA is 2 m long.
4.6 Non-RET BT
The BT is a passive component to couple the DC power or OOK signals into a feeder.
4.7 Splitters
The splitter splits sectors. It can split the RF signals, RET control signals, and DC signals that
are sent from the base station into multiple paths and then transmit them to devices of the antenna
system in the corresponding sectors.
support

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4 Introduction to RET Antenna Line Devices Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

4.1 RET Antennas


With the phase shifter that can be adjusted mechanically, the tilt of RET antennas can be adjusted
constantly.

Working Principles of RET Antennas


With the Remote Control Unit (RCU), RET antennas can be controlled remotely.
The RCU consists of a step motor, a control board, and a drive system.
l The step motor is usually controlled digitally.
l The control board receives command from the NodeB and drives the step motor.
l The drive system has a gear that bites the pulling bar. When the gear is driven by the step
motor, the gear pulls the pulling bar to change the tilt.

Benefits and Limits of RET Antennas


Benefits:
l The operator can remotely and quickly handle multiple stations. The costs of network
optimization and maintenance are saved.
l The operation is not affected by bad weather.
l The trouble for visiting some sites that need prior consent is avoided, for example, the site
that is located inside the important government institute.
l In case the tilt is large, the signals do not distort, and the interference to the neighboring
cell is insignificant.
Limits:
l The RET antenna system is complicated with lower reliability than that of the mechanical
tilt.
l The cost of the RET antenna system is relatively high.

support

4.2 Feeders and Jumpers


The feeders and jumpers are used to connect the antenna to the base station. They are of three
types: 1/2" jumper, 7/8" feeder, and 5/4" feeder.
l The jumper is supple but has a high loss. It is used in short-distance cabling between the
TMA and the antenna and between the TMA and the feeder.
l The feeder is rigid but has a low loss. It is used in long-distance cabling.

Figure 4-1 shows the locations of the feeder and jumpers in the antenna system of a base station.

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 4 Introduction to RET Antenna Line Devices

Figure 4-1 Cable connection in the antenna system

(1) Antenna (2) Jumper (3) TMA

(4) Feeder (5) Cabinet

l Jumper
The jumpers are installed between the antenna and the TMA, between the TMA and the
feeder, between the feeder and the base station, or between the BT and the base station.
Most jumpers have a predefined length. Only the jumper between the feeder and the base
station or between the BT and the base station needs to be shortened and installed with
connectors on the site.
If... Then...

The jumper is located between the Its predefined length is 2.5 m [8.20 ft].
antenna and the TMA,

The jumper is located between the TMA Its predefined length is 1.5m [4.92 ft].
and the feeder,

If the distance between the antenna and the base station is shorter than 14 m [45.92 ft], you
may use the jumper to connect the antenna and the base station.
In this case, the antenna and the base station can be connected by the 1/2" jumper.
l Feeder
There are two types of feeders: 7/8" and 5/4". The feeder type depends on the distance
between the antenna and the base station.

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4 Introduction to RET Antenna Line Devices Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

Table 4-1 Feeder types and cabling distances

Macro base Frequency band 7/8" feeder 5/4" feeder


station (MHz)

GSM 900 Equal to or shorter Longer than 80 m


than 80 m [262.46 ft] [262.46 ft]

1800 Equal to or shorter Longer than 50 m


than 50 m [164.04 ft] [164.04 ft]

CDMA 450 Equal to or shorter Longer than 110 m


than 110 m [360.89 [360.89 ft]
ft]

800 Equal to or shorter Longer than 80 m


than 80 m [262.46 ft] [262.46 ft]

1900 Equal to or shorter Longer than 50 m


than 50 m [164.04 ft] [164.04 ft]

UMTS 1900/2100 Equal to or shorter Longer than 50 m


than 50 m [164.04 ft] [164.04 ft]

CAUTION
If a two-port dipole antenna is shared by two frequency bands, select the feeder type that
requires a shorter cabling distance.

Based on the acquisition of the base station information, all projects are classified into two
types:
Type A: The network planning has been performed for the project. Table 4-2 shows
the design principles of the feeder length for Type A projects.
Type B: The network planning has not been performed for the project. Table 4-3 shows
the design principles of the feeder length for Type B projects.

Table 4-2 Design principles of the feeder length for Type A projects

Tower Base station Average Length of a single


distance feeder
between the
tower/pole and
the cabinet

Tower or pole at the Outdoor base station 10 m Height of the tower or


top of a roof pole at the top of the
roof + 10 m

Indoor base station 25 m Height of the tower or


pole at the top of the
roof + 25m

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 4 Introduction to RET Antenna Line Devices

Tower Base station Average Length of a single


distance feeder
between the
tower/pole and
the cabinet

Tower on the ground Outdoor base station 8m Height of the antenna +


8m

Indoor base station 12 m Height of the antenna +


12 m

Unknown Unknown Unconfirmed Height of the antenna +


10 m

Table 4-3 Design principles of the feeder length for Type B projects
Macro base station Frequency band Length of a Feeder
(MHz) single feeder

GSM 900 45 m 100% 7/8"

1800 40 m 80% 7/8" + 20% 5/4"

CDMA 450 45 m 100% 7/8"

800 45 m 100% 7/8"

1900 45 m 80% 7/8" + 20% 5/4"

UMTS 1900/2100 40 m/60 m 80% 7/8" (40 m) + 20%


5/4" (60 m)

support

4.3 RCUs
Receiving control signals sent from the NodeB, the Remote Control Unit (RCU) starts the step
motor and adjusts the tilt of the antenna by controlling the phase shifter through the drive system.
The RCU has a control port, that is, an RS485 port.
Huawei provides two types of RCUs: Kathrein RCU and Powerwave RCU. Figure 4-2 shows
the two RCUs.

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4 Introduction to RET Antenna Line Devices Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

Figure 4-2 Kathrein RCU and Powerwave RCU

(1) Connector: linked to the antenna

(2) AISG female connector (8-pin): used to cascade RET antennas. This connector is idle now.

(3) AISG male connector (8-pin): used to link the signal cable of the RET antenna

CAUTION
l Waterproof treatment is not required for the two connectors shown in part 2 of Figure
4-2.
l The RET antennas and the RCUs of different vendors are not compatible with each other.
l The Powerwave RCU is already assembled with the RET antenna before delivery. Figure
4-2 does not show the connection between the antenna and the RCU.

The RCU should be mounted on the RET antenna before the RET antenna is installed on the
pole.
support

4.4 SBTs
The Smart Bias-Tee (SBT) provides DC power and control signals for the RCU through a feeder.
The SBT is mounted on the side of the RET antenna.

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 4 Introduction to RET Antenna Line Devices

The main functions of the SBT are:


l Converting OOK control signals from the feeder into RS485 signals, and sending the RS485
signals to the RCU
l Converting RS485 signals from the RCU into OOK signals, and sending the OOK signals
to the feeder
l Sending RF signals from the feeder to the antenna and control signals from the feeder to
the RCU.
l Transferring DC power from the feeder to the RCU

Huawei provides two types of SBTs: Kathrein SBT and Powerwave SBT. Figure 4-3 shows
both the SBTs.

Figure 4-3 Kathrein SBT and Powerwave SBT

(1) 7/16" DIN female connector (2) 8-pin AISG female connector

(3) 7/16" DIN male connector (4) Grounding terminal

support

4.5 AISG Control Cable


The AISG control cable is a signal cable between the RCU and the SBT (or STMA). The cable
connected to the SBT is 0.5 m long. The cable connected to the STMA is 2 m long.

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4 Introduction to RET Antenna Line Devices Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

The two ends of the AISG control cable that connects the RCU and the SBT (or the STMA) are:
l 8-pin AISG male connector
l 8-pin AISG female connector

0.5-m-Long [1.64-Foot-Long] AISG Control Cable


Figure 4-4 shows the 0.5-m-long [1.64-foot-long] AISG control cable.

Figure 4-4 0.5-m-long [1.64-foot-long] AISG control cable

2-m-Long [6.56-Foot-Long] AISG Control Cable


Figure 4-5 shows the 2-m-long [6.56-foot-long] AISG control cable.

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 4 Introduction to RET Antenna Line Devices

Figure 4-5 2-m-long [6.56-foot-long] AISG control cable

15-m-Long [49.21-Foot-Long] AISG Control Cable


Figure 4-6 shows the 15-m-long [49.21-foot-long] AISG control cable.

Figure 4-6 15-m-long [49.21-foot-long] AISG control cable

(1) AISG male connector (2) AISG female connector

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4 Introduction to RET Antenna Line Devices Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

support

4.6 Non-RET BT
The BT is a passive component to couple the DC power or OOK signals into a feeder.
Figure 4-7 shows the BT.

Figure 4-7 BT

(1) SMA connector (2) 7/16" DIN female connector

(3) Grounding terminal (4) 7/16" DIN male connector

The number of BTs varies according to the feeding modes of the TMA. Table 4-4 describes the
relation between the BT quantity and the components of the antenna system.

NOTE

The BT transmits DC signals and RF signals.

Table 4-4 Relation between the BT quantity and the antenna system components
Antenna System Components Quantity of BTs to Be Installed

TMA Two BTs

support

4.7 Splitters
The splitter splits sectors. It can split the RF signals, RET control signals, and DC signals that
are sent from the base station into multiple paths and then transmit them to devices of the antenna
system in the corresponding sectors.
The three types of splitters are: 1-for-2, 1-for-3, and 1-for-4. Splitters of different types have
different connectors and power. Figure 4-8 shows a 1-for-3 Kathrein splitter.

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 4 Introduction to RET Antenna Line Devices

Figure 4-8 1-for-3 Kathrein splitter

(1) Output connector: 7/16" DIN female connector

(2) Input connector: 7/16" DIN female connector

support

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BTS
Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 5 Control of RET Antennas

5 Control of RET Antennas

About This Chapter

Huawei base station integrates the functions of controlling RET antennas. It manages the STMA
and RCU as internal components. Huawei GSM base station configured with the BT can control
RET antennas.

5.1 Control of Macro Base Station RET Antennas


The RET antennas of the macro base station can be controlled by the method of BT + SBT +
RCU. Two methods can be used: SBT + RCU and STMA + RCU.
support

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5 Control of RET Antennas Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

5.1 Control of Macro Base Station RET Antennas


The RET antennas of the macro base station can be controlled by the method of BT + SBT +
RCU. Two methods can be used: SBT + RCU and STMA + RCU.

SBT + RCU
Figure 5-1 shows the configuration of the SBT + RCU method.

Figure 5-1 SBT + RCU

The procedure for adjusting the tilt of the RET antenna is as follows:

1. The M2000 or the LMT or the OMC sends the control signals for the RET antenna to the
base station.
2. The NodeB modulates the control signals into OOK signals, and then transfers the OOK
signals and the DC power to the SBT over the feeder.
3. In the SBT, the DC power is directly forwarded to the RCU, and the OOK signals are
demodulated and then are converted into RS485 signals before being forwarded to the RCU.

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 5 Control of RET Antennas

4. When the RCU receives the RS485 signals, it runs the command as specified in the signals
to adjust the antenna tilt.

STMA + RCU
Figure 5-2 shows the configuration of the STMA + RCU method.

Figure 5-2 STMA + RCU

The procedure for adjusting the tilt of the RET antenna is as follows:
1. The M2000 or the LMT or the OMC sends the control signals for the RET antenna to the
base station.
2. The base station modulates the control signals into OOK signals, and then transfers the
OOK signals and the DC power to the STMA over the feeder.
3. In the STMA, the DC power is directly forwarded to the RCU, and the OOK signals are
demodulated and then are converted into RS485 signals before being forwarded to the RCU.
4. When the RCU receives the RS485 signals, it runs the command as specified in the signals
to adjust the antenna tilt.

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5 Control of RET Antennas Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

BT + SBT + RCU
Figure 5-3 shows the configuration of the BT + SBT + RCU method.

Figure 5-3 SBT + RCU

The procedure for adjusting the tilt of the RET antenna is as follows:
1. The OMC sends the control signals for the RET antenna to the base station.
2. The BT receives the OOK signals from the base station, and then couples the OOK signals
and DC power into a feeder.
3. In the SBT, the DC power is directly forwarded to the RCU, and the OOK signals are
demodulated and then are converted into RS485 signals before being forwarded to the RCU.
4. When the RCU receives the RS485 signals, it runs the command as specified in the signals
to adjust the antenna tilt.
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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 6 Antenna System Installation Preparations

6 Antenna System Installation Preparations

About This Chapter

Before installing the antenna system, you must keep the necessary tools and instruments, and
the feeder window ready.

Arranging Tools and Instruments


Table 6-1 lists the tools and instruments required for installing the antenna system. The common
tools (such as a percussion drill and a screwdriver) that are used for indoor equipment installation
can also be used for antenna system installation.

Table 6-1 Tools and instruments for the antenna system installation

Measurement Tools Angle display; compass

Tools for Hoisting Assembly pulley; ropes (a thin one and a thick one. Both of them are
Devices 150 m [492.12 ft] long); feeder noose

Feeder nipper; cable cutter (matching the feeder specification); blast


Tools for Feeders lamp (to warm and soften the waterproof and sealing materials in cold
environment); anti-rust aluminum paint

Safety belts (for personnel operating out of the tower platform);


Tools for Safety protecting caps; safety ropes; thick union suits; RF protective
clothing; ESD wrist strap

Tools from the Local


Double ladder; lifting tools for the main feeder wheel spindle
Customer

Canvas bag for tools; gloves; walkie-talkie; multi-purpose outlets;


Other Tools
wrench; screwdriver; pliers; cable peeler

Test Instruments Test mobile phone (optional); radio analyzer (such as


CELLMASTER and power meter); VSWR tester (such as
SITEMASTER)

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6 Antenna System Installation Preparations Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

Installing the Feeder Window


Refer to Feeder Windows for details.

Spacing Requirements for Antenna Installation


The installation of the antenna support and the antenna must satisfy the spacing requirements.
Refer to the following for the spacing requirements:
l 6.1 Spacing Requirements for GSM Antenna Installation
l Spacing Requirements for CDMA Antenna Installation
l Spacing Requirements for WCDMA Antenna Installation
l Spacing Requirements for WiMAX Antenna Installation

6.1 Spacing Requirements for GSM Antenna Installation


This part describes the spacing requirements for the installation of omnidirectional antennas and
directional antennas in the GSM system.
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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 6 Antenna System Installation Preparations

6.1 Spacing Requirements for GSM Antenna Installation


This part describes the spacing requirements for the installation of omnidirectional antennas and
directional antennas in the GSM system.
NOTE

The TX antenna can also receive signals. It works in duplex mode.


The spacing requirements are provided only for your reference. In field installation, perform the installation
in compliance with the engineering design.

Spacing Requirements for Omnidirectional Antenna Installation


When the isolation of the omnidirectional antenna is 30 dB, the spacing requirements are
described in Table 6-2.

Table 6-2 Spacing requirements for omnidirectional antenna installation


Antenna Type Vertical Horizontal Spacing Remarks
Spacing

GSM900: 0.5 m 4 m for gain < 10 dBi The spacing between


the antenna and the
tower body is 2 m.

TX-TX, TX-RX 5 m for gain > 10 dBi Generally, the RX


antenna is installed
above the TX antenna.

GSM1800: 0.3 m 2 m for gain < 10 dBi The spacing between


the antenna and the
tower body is 2 m.

TX-TX, TX-RX 2.5 m for gain > 10 Generally, the RX


dBi antenna is installed
above the TX antenna.

GSM900 0.2 m 2 m for gain < 10 dBi The spacing between


+GSM1800: the antenna and the
tower body is 2 m.

TX-TX, TX-RX 2 m for gain > 10 dBi Generally, the RX


antenna is installed
above the TX antenna.

Requirements for diversity reception:

GSM900: RX-RX - 4 m (6 m The spacing between


recommended) the antenna and the
tower body is 2 m.

GSM1800: RX-RX - 2 m (3 m The spacing between


recommended) the antenna and the
tower body is 2 m.

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NOTE

l For the expansion in the future, the antenna installation should satisfy the spacing requirements
described in Table 6-3.
l When the TX antenna and the RX antenna share an antenna support due to the limitation of the
installation environment, the horizontal spacing requirements can be ignored. But the vertical spacing
requirements described in Table 6-2 must be satisfied. The TX antenna and the RX antenna cannot be
installed in the same horizontal plane.
l The angle of the highest-radiation-intensity directions of antennas should be greater than the half of
the vertical plane half-power angle of an antenna. The vertical plane half-power angle of an antenna
normally is from 4 to 12. Therefore, the angle of the highest-radiation-intensity directions of antennas
should be greater than 7. The higher the antenna gain is, the smaller the angle is.
l Normally, the longer the antenna is, the higher the antenna gain is, and the larger the antenna spacing
should be.

Spacing Requirements for Directional Antenna Installation


When the isolation of the 120 directional antenna is 30 dB, the spacing requirements are
described in Table 6-3.

Table 6-3 Spacing requirements for directional antenna installation


Antenna Type Vertical Horizontal Remarks
Spacing Spacing

Antennas in the GSM900: 0.2 m 2m No interference


same sector from the tower
TX-TX, TX-RX components should
exist in the forward
direction of the
antenna.

GSM1800: 0.2 m 1m No interference


from the tower
TX-TX, TX-RX components should
exist in the forward
direction of the
antenna.

Antennas in GSM900: - 1m The more the


adjacent sectors number of cells in a
on the same TX-TX, TX-RX site is, the larger the
platform horizontal spacing
should be.

GSM1800: - 1m The more the


number of cells in a
TX-TX, TX-RX site is, the larger the
horizontal spacing
should be.

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Antenna Type Vertical Horizontal Remarks


Spacing Spacing

Diversity GSM900: RX- - 4 m (6 m No interference


reception RX recommended from the tower
antennas ) components should
exist in the forward
direction of the
antenna.

GSM1800: RX- - 2 m (3 m No interference


RX recommended from the tower
) components should
exist in the forward
direction of the
antenna.

NOTE

l For the expansion in the future, the antenna installation should satisfy the spacing requirements
described in Table 6-3.
l Directional antennas should not be installed face to face. They should be arranged back to back or side
by side.
l Normally, the longer the antenna is, the higher the antenna gain is, and the larger the antenna spacing
should be.

support

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 7 Procedure for Installing the GSM RET Antenna System

7 Procedure for Installing the GSM RET


Antenna System

This part describes how to install the GSM RET antenna system, which consists of the antenna,
feeders, and ALDs.

Context
The installation procedures may vary according to the installation environment and antenna type.
The project supervisor should arrange the installation work according to the engineering
documents, number of installers, installation environment, and antenna type.

Procedure
Step 1 8 Installing the Grounding Bar
NOTE

If the grounding bar is available on site and you need not install it, go to Step 2.

Step 2 Installing Antenna Supports


NOTE

If the antenna support is available on site and you need not install it, go to Step 3.

Step 3 10 Assembling Antennas

Step 4 11 Hoisting Antennas

Step 5 12 Installing Antennas

Step 6 Installing the ALD


1. 14.1 Installing the RCU
2. 14.3 Installing the SBT
3. Installing the AISG Control Cable

Step 7 15 Installing Feeders

Step 8 17 Testing the Antenna System

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If ... Then ...

The test has passed. Go to Step 9.

The test has failed. Locate and solve the problem. Go to Step 8.

Step 9 Waterproofing Outdoor Joints


Step 10 20 Waterproofing the Feeder Window
Step 11 Checking the Installation of the Antenna System

----End
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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 8 Installing the Grounding Bar

8 Installing the Grounding Bar

Used for surge protection, the grounding bar should be installed near the cabinet or on the
rainproof wall of the cable draw pit on the rooftop. In practice, the grounding bar should be
installed according to the engineering design.

Context
NOTE

Skip this task if the grounding bar is available on site and you need not install it.

Figure 8-1 shows an indoor grounding bar.

Figure 8-1 Indoor grounding bar

(1) Bolt M8

Procedure
Step 1 Install a grounding bar on the wall

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Figure 8-2 Installing a grounding bar on the wall

(1) Wall (2) Bolt M8 (3) Bolt M12

(4) Spring washer M12 (5) Flat washer (6) Insulation washer a

(7) Grounding bar (8) Insulation washer b (9) Expansion tube and nut

The grounding bar used before the feeder is led into the equipment room should be installed
under the feeder window , as shown in Figure 8-3.

Figure 8-3 Grounding bar used before the feeder is led into the equipment room

NOTE

Do rust and dust cleaning before connecting the feeder to the outdoor grounding bar, and prevent the bar
from corrosion and rust after connecting the feeder, so as to ensure reliability.

----End

support

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 9 Installing Antenna Supports

9 Installing Antenna Supports

About This Chapter

This part describes the procedure for installing the antenna support on a tower and the precautions
for the installation.

Context
Huawei provides design requirements of the antenna support. You must install it on site. If the
antenna support is installed on site, skip this part.
9.1 Installing the Antenna Support on the Tower
This part describes the procedure for installing the antenna support on a tower and the precautions
for the installation.
9.2 Installing the Antenna Support on the Rooftop
This part describes the procedure for installing the antenna support on the rooftop and the
precautions for the installation.
support

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9.1 Installing the Antenna Support on the Tower


This part describes the procedure for installing the antenna support on a tower and the precautions
for the installation.

Context
There are several types of antenna supports for the installation on the tower platform. This part
takes one type of antenna support as an example. Figure 9-1 shows the structure of the antenna
support on the tower platform.

Figure 9-1 Structure of the antenna support on the tower platform

(1) M12220 bolt (2) Connection base plate (3) M1245 bolt

(4) Dead lever (5) Rotating lever (6) Stiffener

(7) Stiffener (8) Expansion lever (9) U-bolt

When installing the support on the tower platform, pay attention to the following points:

l The dead lever of the antenna support should be vertical to the horizontal plane.

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l The mast of the tower lightning arrester should be installed separately. The height of the
mast should meet the lightning protection requirements for all antennas. When the antenna
support is extended from the tower platform, the antenna should fall into the protection
coverage within the 45 tilt angle from the top of the lightning arrester, as shown in Figure
9-2.

Figure 9-2 Protection coverage of the lightning arrester

(1) Lightning rod (2) Mast of the lightning rod (3) Antenna

l The antenna support should be installed in the direction that does not affect the transmit
and receive performance of the antenna or the adjustment of antenna directions.
l If possible, the antenna support should be hung to avoid deformation.
l A stiffener should be used to fasten the rotating lever. The expansion lever and the rotating
lever should be cut to a proper length. The cut-off edge should be welded with a cover to
prevent entry of water.
l The welding joints should be solid. There should be no dry joints or open welding joints
on the antenna support.
l The welding joints should be coated by anti-rust aluminum paint.
l A galvanized steel support should be used if possible. The antenna support should be coated
with anti-rust aluminum paint.

Procedure
Step 1 Mount a fixed pulley on the top of the tower. as shown in Figure 9-3.

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Figure 9-3 Hoisting the antenna support or the antenna

Step 2 Lead a rope through the fixed pulley.


Step 3 Bind the antenna support to the rope at one side.
Step 4 Pull the rope at the other side to lift the antenna support up to the tower. Control the lifting
direction by holding the end of the rope to which the antenna support is bound, as shown in
Figure 9-3.
Step 5 Connect the dead lever, the rotating lever, and the expansion lever of the antenna support. You
can perform this step on the ground or on the tower platform.
Step 6 Determine the installation position of the antenna support on the tower according to the
engineering design.
Step 7 Fasten the antenna support.
Extend the antenna support from the tower platform. Fasten the antenna support onto the tower
using a U fixing clip, including the connecting piece and U-bolt, as shown in Figure 9-4.

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Figure 9-4 Installing the antenna support on the tower platform

(1) Connecting piece (2) U-bolt (3) Horizontal beam

Step 8 Use M1245 bolts to connect the guardrail on the tower platform to the connection base plate.

Step 9 Fasten the dead lever on the tower.

If it is difficult to connect the antenna support to the guard rail, weld the guard rail and the base
plate. Ensure that the welding joints are solid and that there are no dry or open joints. Coat the
antenna support and all the welding joints using anti-rust paint.

----End

support

9.2 Installing the Antenna Support on the Rooftop


This part describes the procedure for installing the antenna support on the rooftop and the
precautions for the installation.

Context
There are several types of antenna supports for the installation on the rooftop. This part takes
one type of antenna support as an example. Figure 9-5 shows the structure of the antenna support
on the rooftop.

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Figure 9-5 Structure of the antenna support on the rooftop

(1) Lightning rod (2) Welding joint (3) Main support 2

(4) M10x50 bolt (5) Stiffener (6) Main support 1

(7) Base plate of the main support (8) Base anchor of the stiffener (9) Main support 2

(10) M10x50 hex bolt (11) Connecting piece of the stiffener (12) M12x60 expansion bolt

When installing the support on the rooftop, pay attention to the following points:
l If the omnidirectional antenna is installed on the rooftop, the lightning arrester should not
be installed on the support. The lightning arrester should be installed on another support
separately.

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Figure 9-6 Protection coverage of the lightning rod

(1) Lightning rod (2) Mast of the lightning rod (3) Antenna

l If a lightning rod is installed on the antenna support, the antenna should protrude 1 m [3.28
ft] to 1.5 m [4.92 ft] out of the support.
l The connecting pieces on the stiffener should be installed in a place that does not affect the
adjustment of antenna directions and tilt angle.
l The dead lever of the antenna support should be vertical to the horizontal plane.
l When the directional antenna is installed on the rooftop, a lightning arrester should be
installed on the antenna support and the antenna support should be connected with the
grounding grid of the building.
l The welding joints should be coated with anti-rust aluminum paint. The welding joints
should be solid and there should be no dry joints or open welding joints on the antenna
support.

Procedure
Step 1 Hoist or lift the support onto the roof. For the hoisting procedure, refer to the related contents
in the part Installing the Antenna Support on the Tower.

Step 2 Determine the installation position of the antenna support on the rooftop according to the
engineering design.

Step 3 Use three M1260 bolts to fasten the support base vertically to the rooftop, as shown in Figure
9-5.

Step 4 Use a connecting piece to connect the stiffener to the main support, as shown in Figure 9-5.

Step 5 Connect the base anchor with the stiffener. Use M1060 bolts (two M1060 bolts for each
stiffener) to fasten the stiffeners on the rooftop. Ensure that the stiffeners are connected properly.

Step 6 Use six M1050 bolts to securely connect the main support 2 to the main support 1, as shown
in Figure 9-5.

Step 7 Coat the support base and all the welding joints using anti-rust paint.

Step 8 Cover the support base, the base anchors of stiffeners, and the expansion bolts using concrete.

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NOTE

l If the support on the roof is not welded with the outdoor cable rack or the support is welded with the
cable rack but not connected with the grounding grid of the building, use a lightning connecting piece
to connect the support base with the grounding grid of the building. The lightning connecting piece is
a component of the outdoor cable rack.

----End
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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 10 Assembling Antennas

10 Assembling Antennas

About This Chapter

Before installing an antenna on a tower, you need to assemble the antenna. The antenna to be
assembled can be an omnidirectional antenna or a directional antenna.

10.1 Assembling Omni-directional Antennas


This describes how to assemble the omni-directional antenna accessories before the antenna
installation.
10.2 Assembling Directional Antenna
This describes how to assemble the accessories of the directional antenna before installing the
antenna.
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10.1 Assembling Omni-directional Antennas


This describes how to assemble the omni-directional antenna accessories before the antenna
installation.

Prerequisite
The omni-directional antenna accessories and jumpers are ready.

Context
NOTE

There are various types of fixing clips used for omnidirectional antennas, so the installation methods are
different. The following part describes how to use fixing clips as shown in Figure 10-1 to install an omni-
directional antenna.

Figure 10-1 Fixing clip of the omni-directional antenna

Procedure
Step 1 Instal two fixing clips of the omni-directional antenna, as shown in Figure 10-2.

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Figure 10-2 Assembling fixing clips for the omnidirectional antenna

(1) Omni-directional antenna (2) Antenna jacket (3) Fixing clip of the omni-directional antenna

Step 2 Connect the jumper connector with the antenna connector tightly.
Step 3 Attach engineering labels or colored rings on the joints between the antenna and the jumper. For
details, refer to Labeling the Antenna System or 18 Installing Color Rings for the Antenna
System.
NOTE

You can also perform the opeations in Step 2 on the tower.

----End
support

10.2 Assembling Directional Antenna


This describes how to assemble the accessories of the directional antenna before installing the
antenna.

Prerequisite
The directional antenna accessories and jumper are available.

Context
NOTE

There are various types of fixing clips used for directional antennas, so different installation methods can
be used to meet the actual demands. The following part describes how to use fixing clips to install a
directional antenna. Take the fixing clips shown in Figure 10-3 as an example.

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Figure 10-3 Fixing clip for the directional antenna

Procedure
Step 1 Identify the adjustment point at the bottom and the adjustment point on the top according to the
labels at the back of the antenna.
NOTE

The adjustment point on the top is used to adjust the pitch angle adjuster. The adjustment point at the bottom
is used to fix the antenna and support.

Step 2 Install the accessories in proper places in compliance with the accessory assembly diagram
provided by the supplier.
Step 3 Connect the jumper connector to the antenna connector and tighten the connector.
Step 4 Adjust the pitch angle of the antenna.

Option Description

Adjust the pitch angle of the antenna according to the scale on the pitch Go to Step 5.
angle adjuster.

Adjust the pitch angle of the antenna using the angle display. Go to Step 6.

Manually adjust the pitch angle of the RET antenna Go to Step 7.

Option Description

Adjust the pitch angle of the antenna according to the scales on the pitch Go to Step 5.
angle adjuster.

Adjust the pitch angle of the antenna by using the angle display. Go to Step 6.

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CAUTION
l Ensure that the supporting post is perpendicular to the ground while adjusting the antenna
pitch angle.
l Usually, the error of the pitch angle should not be greater than 0.5.

Step 5 Adjust the pitch angle of the antenna according to the scale on the pitch angle adjuster, as shown
in Figure 10-4.

Figure 10-4 Directional antenna corresponding to the pitch angle and installation hole

(1) Pitch angle adjuster (2) Scale

Step 6 Adjust the pitch angle of the antenna by using the angle display.
1. Adjust the pitch angle of the antenna by using the angle display. Adjust the pitch angle, as
shown in Figure 10-5.

Figure 10-5 Angle display before adjusting the pitch angle of the antenna

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2. Adjust the pitch angle until it meets the specification in the engineering designs, as shown
in Figure 10-6.

Figure 10-6 Angle display after adjusting the pitch angle of the antenna

3. Fasten the upper fixing clip until it cannot be moved by hand.

Step 7 Adjust the pitch angle of the RET by rotating the black adjusting gear at the bottom of the RET.

The RCU is connected to the bottom of the RET antenna. When you turn the black adjusting
gear, the lower part of the black gear will glide along the scale axis and the antenna pitch angle
is modified, as shown in Figure 10-7.

Figure 10-7 Adjusting gear and pitch angle scale axis

(1) Adjusting gear (2) Scale axis

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NOTE

For detailed relations between scale and pitch angle, see related instructions provided by RET antenna
manufacturers.

Step 8 Waterproof the joints by referring to 18 Installing Color Rings for the Antenna System.

----End
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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 11 Hoisting Antennas

11 Hoisting Antennas

This part describes how to hoist antennas to the top of the tower.

Prerequisite
The antenna is assembled.

Context

CAUTION
l When hoisting the antenna, prevent the antenna from colliding with the tower or any
buildings.
l Ensure that no person is standing right below the hoisted object. Persons working outside
the tower platform should wear safety belts and harnesses.
l Pack small metal articles such as fixing clips and spanners in a tool bag and then hoist the
bag.

Procedure
Step 1 Mount a fixed pulley on the top of the tower.
Step 2 Knot a rope at each end of the antenna, and then run the rope through the pulley.
Step 3 The installers on the tower and on the ground should work together to hoist the antenna to the
installation location on the tower platform, as shown in Figure 11-1.

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Figure 11-1 Hoisting the antenna support or the antenna

----End

Postrequisite
Secure the hoisted antenna on the tower platform and take necessary safety measures.
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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 12 Installing Antennas

12 Installing Antennas

About This Chapter

This part describes how to install antennas on the tower platform and on the rooftop.

12.1 Installing an Omnidirectional Antenna on the Tower Platform


This part describes how to install an omnidirectional antenna on the tower platform.
12.2 Installing a Directional Antenna on the Tower Platform
This describes how to install a directional antenna on the tower platform.
12.3 Installing an Omni-Directional Antenna on the Rooftop
This describes how to install an omnidirectional antenna on the rooftop.
12.4 Installing a Directional Antenna on the Rooftop
This describes how to install an directional antenna on the rooftop.

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12.1 Installing an Omnidirectional Antenna on the Tower


Platform
This part describes how to install an omnidirectional antenna on the tower platform.

Prerequisite
The omnidirectional antenna is assembled and hoisted to the proper position.

Context

CAUTION
l To ensure engineering quality and personal safety, install the antenna on a fine day when
there is no strong wind.
l Take necessary measures to ensure safe installation.
l Protect the installed jumpers against damage when installing and adjusting the antenna.

When installing the omnidirectional antenna on the tower platform, pay attention to the following
points:
l All antennas should be at least 2 m [6.56 ft] from the tower body and within the protection
coverage of 45 tilt angle under the lightning rod.
l The antenna axis is vertical to the horizontal plane with an error of less than 1.
l The installation of the antenna support should meet the requirements described in 6.1
Spacing Requirements for GSM Antenna InstallationSpacing Requirements for CDMA
Antenna InstallationSpacing Requirements for WCDMA Antenna InstallationSpacing
Requirements for WiMAX Antenna Installation.
l The antennas should be far from obstacles so that the entire area can be covered.

Procedure
Step 1 Determine the installation location of the antenna according to engineering designs.

Step 2 Face the feeding point of the antenna downwards and place the antenna jacket near the main
supporting post of the support.

Step 3 Fix the antenna to the dead lever of the support.

Step 4 Use an angle display to check if the antenna axis is vertical to the horizontal plane. If the error
is equal to or greater than 1, adjust the antenna and then fasten it.

Step 5 Fasten the antenna.

Step 6 Make a waterproof curve for the jumper.


NOTE

Bend the jumpers in a natural manner. The bending radius is 20 times larger than the jumper diameter.

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Step 7 Route and bind the jumpers along the cross bar of the support using black cable ties, and then
cut off the extra tails of the cable ties.
NOTE

l Bind the cable ties in one direction.


l When cutting the cable ties, leave a slack of 5 mm [0.197 in.] to 10 mm [0.394 in.] so that the cable
ties do not fall off the jumper due to temperature variation.
l Cut the cable ties evenly.

Step 8 Use bolts to fasten the connection base plate.


NOTE

l If there is no guard rail on the tower platform, set up a working platform by laying a solid wood board
across the arms of the two supports. This can ensure the safety of installers.
l After installing the antenna and feeders on one side, change the location of the wood board on the
support arms to fasten other antennas, TMA, and feeders.

----End

Result
Figure 12-1 shows the omnidirectional antenna installed on the tower platform.

Figure 12-1 Omnidirectional antenna installed on the tower platform

(1) Tower (2) TMA (3) Pole (4) Omnidirectional antenna (5) Cable tie

support

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12.2 Installing a Directional Antenna on the Tower Platform


This describes how to install a directional antenna on the tower platform.

Prerequisite
The directional antenna is assembled and hoisted to the proper position.

Context

CAUTION
l To ensure engineering quality and personnel safety, install the antenna on a fine day without
strong wind.
l Take necessary measures to ensure safe installation.
l Be sure to protect the installed jumpers against damage when installing and adjusting the
antenna.

When installing the directional antenna on the tower platform, adhere to the following principles:
l Ensure that all antennas stand in the protection coverage of the lightning rod. There is no
interference from the tower at a distance in front of the antenna.
l The antenna must be more than 1 m away from the tower platform.
l The antenna position should meet 6.1 Spacing Requirements for GSM Antenna
InstallationSpacing Requirements for CDMA Antenna InstallationSpacing Requirements
for WCDMA Antenna InstallationSpacing Requirements for WiMAX Antenna
Installation.
l Locate the antennas away from any barriers such as high-rise buildings when installing the
antennas so that no signal blind area exists.

Procedure
Step 1 Decide the installation location of the antenna according to engineering designs.

Step 2 Fix the antenna onto the support.


Fix the antenna to the main supporting post with appropriate tightness to ensure the weight
bearing and wind resistance.

Step 3 Determine the azimuth by using a compass according to the engineering designs. Adjust the
azimuth until it meets the design specification.
l Typically, sector 1 lies in the north, sector 2 lies in the clockwise 120direction, and sector
3 in the next clockwise 120direction, as shown in Figure 12-2.
l Usually, the error of the azimuth angle should be no greater than 5.

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Figure 12-2 Relation between the azimuth of directional antenna and the sector

Step 4 Tighten the lower fixing clips of the antenna.


Step 5 Adjust the pitch angle of the antenna by using the angle display. Then go to Step 6.
1. Adjust the pitch angle of the antenna by using the angle display. Adjust the pitch angle, as
shown in Figure 12-3.

Figure 12-3 Angle display before adjusting of the pitch angle of the antenna

2. Adjust the pitch angle until it meets the specification in the engineering designs, as shown
in Figure 12-4.

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Figure 12-4 Angle display after adjusting the pitch angle of the antenna

3. Fasten the upper fixing clip of the antenna until it cannot be moved by hand.
Step 6 Make a waterproof curve for the jumper at the end close to the antenna.
NOTE

Bend the jumpers in a natural manner. The bending radius is 20 times larger than the jumper diameter.

Step 7 Route and bind the jumpers along the cross bar of the support by using black cable ties, and then
cut off the extra tails of the cable ties.
NOTE

l Bind the cable ties in one direction.


l When cutting the cable ties, leave 5 mm to 10 mm lest the cable ties fall off the jumper due to temperature
change.
l Cut the cable tie evenly.

Step 8 Use bolts to fix the access plate.

----End

Result
Figure 12-5 shows a directional antenna installed on the tower platform.

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Figure 12-5 Directional antenna on the tower platform

(1) Tower (2) Antenna support on the top of the tower (3) Directional antenna (4) Cable tie

support

12.3 Installing an Omni-Directional Antenna on the


Rooftop
This describes how to install an omnidirectional antenna on the rooftop.

Prerequisite
The omni-directional antenna is assembled and hoisted to the proper position.

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Context

CAUTION
l To ensure engineering quality and personal safety, install the antenna on a fine day when
there is no strong wind.
l Take necessary measures to ensure safe installation.
l Protect the installed jumpers against damage when installing and adjusting the antenna.

When installing an omni-directional antenna on the rooftop, pay attention to the following points:
l If a lightning arrester is not mounted on the antenna support, mount a lightning arrester
separately on the rooftop. All antennas should be at least 2.5 m [8.2 ft] from the tower body
and within the protection coverage of 45 tilt angle under the lightning arrester.
l If a lightning arrester is mounted on the antenna support, the antenna should stretch 1 m
[3.28 ft] to 1.5 m [4.92 ft] out of the support.
l The antenna axis is vertical to the horizontal plane with an error of less than 1.
l The installation of the antenna support should meet the requirements described in 6.1
Spacing Requirements for GSM Antenna InstallationSpacing Requirements for CDMA
Antenna InstallationSpacing Requirements for WCDMA Antenna InstallationSpacing
Requirements for WiMAX Antenna Installation.
l The antennas should be far from obstacles so that the entire area can be covered.

Procedure
Step 1 Determine the installation direction of the antenna according to the engineering designs.

Step 2 Face the feeding point of the antenna downwards and place the antenna jacket near the main
supporting post of the support.

Step 3 Fasten the antenna to the main supporting post of the support.

CAUTION
l The top of the jacket should be at the same height as or slightly higher than the top of the
dead lever.
l The transmission part of the antenna must be higher than the top of the dead lever.
l The antenna should not be installed too tight (bringing damages to the antenna jacket) or too
loose.

Step 4 Use an angle display to check if the antenna axis is vertical to the horizontal plane. If the error
is equal to or greater than 1, adjust the antenna and then fasten it.

Step 5 Fasten the antenna.

Step 6 Make a waterproof curve for the jumper.

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NOTE

Bend the jumpers in a natural manner. The bending radius is 20 times larger than the jumper diameter.

Step 7 Route and bind the jumpers along the cross bar of the support using black cable ties, and then
cut off the extra tails of the cable ties.
NOTE

l Bind the cable ties in one direction.

l When cutting the cable ties, leave a slack of 5 mm [0.197 in.] to 10 mm [0.394 in.] so that the cable
ties do not fall off the jumper due to temperature variation.
l Cut the cable ties evenly.

----End

Result
Figure 12-6 shows the directional antenna installed on the rooftop.

Figure 12-6 Omni-directional antenna installed on the rooftop


1

2
3
4
7

(1) Lightning rod (2) Antenna (3) Fixing clip of the omni-directional antenna

(4) Main support (5) Stiffener (6) Rooftop

support

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12.4 Installing a Directional Antenna on the Rooftop


This describes how to install an directional antenna on the rooftop.

Prerequisite
The directional antenna is assembled and hoisted to the proper position.

Context

CAUTION
l To ensure engineering quality and personnel safety, install the antenna on a fine day without
strong wind.
l Take necessary measures to ensure safe installation.
l Be sure to protect the installed jumpers against damage when installing and adjusting the
antenna.

When you install the directional antenna on the rooftop, adhere to the following principles:
l Ensure that all antennas are within the 45 protection coverage of the lightning rod and at
least 2 m away from the tower body.
l The antenna position should meet 6.1 Spacing Requirements for GSM Antenna
InstallationSpacing Requirements for CDMA Antenna InstallationSpacing Requirements
for WCDMA Antenna InstallationSpacing Requirements for WiMAX Antenna
Installation.
l Keep the antennas away from barriers such as high-rise buildings when installing the
antennas so that no signal blind area exists.

Procedure
Step 1 Decide the installation location of the antenna according to engineering designs.
Step 2 Fix the antenna to the main supporting post of the support.
Fix the antenna to the main supporting post with appropriate tightness to ensure the weight
bearing and wind resistance.
Step 3 Determine the azimuth by using a compass according to the engineering designs. Adjust the
azimuth until it meets the design specification.
l Typically, sector 1 lies in the north, sector 2 lies in the clockwise 120direction, and sector
3 in the next clockwise 120 direction, as shown in Figure 12-7.
l Usually, the error of the azimuth angle is no greater than 5.

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Figure 12-7 Relation between the azimuth of directional antenna and the sector

Step 4 Tighten the lower fixing clips of the antenna.

Step 5 Adjust the pitch angle of the antenna.

Option Description

Adjust the pitch angle of the antenna according to the scales on the pitch Go to Step 6.
angle adjuster.

Adjust the pitch angle of the antenna by using the angle display. Go to Step 7.

Manually adjust the pitch angle of the RET antenna Go to Step 8.

Option Description

Adjust the pitch angle of the antenna according to the scales on the pitch Go to Step 6.
angle adjuster.

Adjust the pitch angle of the antenna by using the angle display. Go to Step 7.

CAUTION
l Ensure that the supporting post is perpendicular to the ground when adjusting the antenna
pitch angle.
l Usually, the error of the pitch angle is no greater than 0.5.

Step 6 Adjust the pitch angle of the antenna according to the scales on the pitch angle adjuster, as shown
in Figure 12-8. Then go to Step 9.

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Figure 12-8 Directional antenna corresponding to the pitch angle and installation hole

(1) Pitch angle adjuster 2 Scale

Step 7 Adjust the pitch angle of the antenna by using the angle display. Then go to Step 9.
1. Adjust the pitch angle of the antenna by using the angle display. Adjust the pitch angle, as
shown in Figure 12-9.

Figure 12-9 Angle display before the adjustment of antenna pitch angle

2. Adjust the pitch angle until it satisfies the specification for engineering designs, as shown
in Figure 12-10.

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Figure 12-10 Angle display after adjusting the pitch angle of the antenna

3. Fasten the lower fixing clip of the antenna until it cannot be moved by hand.

Step 8 Adjust the pitch angle of the RET by adjusting the black adjusting gear at the bottom of this
RET.

The RCU is connected to the RET antenna bottom. When you turn the black adjusting gear, the
lower part of the black gear will glide along the marked axis. The antenna pitch angle is modified,
as shown in Figure 12-11.

Figure 12-11 Adjusting RET antenna pitch angle

(1) Adjusting gear (2) Marked axis

NOTE

For detailed relation between scale and pitch angle, see related instructions provided by RET antenna
manufacturers.

Step 9 Make a waterproof curve for the jumper.

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NOTE

Bend the jumpers in a natural manner. The bending radius is 20 times larger than the jumper diameter.

Step 10 Route and bind the jumpers along the cross bar of the support by using black cable ties, and then
cut off the extra tails of the cable ties.
NOTE

l Bind the cable ties in one direction.


l When cutting the cable ties, leave an extra length of 5 mm to 10 mm lest the cable ties fall off the
jumper due to temperature change.
l Cut the cable ties evenly.

----End

Result
Figure 12-12 and Figure 12-13 show the directional antenna mounted on the top of a building.

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Figure 12-12 Installing directional antenna on rooftop (without parapet, with TMA)

1 Antenna (2) Winding pipe 3 TMA

4 Feeder (5) Stiffener (6) Mat of supporting post

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Figure 12-13 Installing directional antenna on rooftop (with TMA and wall higher than 1200
mm)

1 Antenna (2) Winding pipe 3 TMA

4 Jumper 5 Feeder

support

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 13 Installing the Splitters

13 Installing the Splitters

About This Chapter

Splitters should be installed if multiple antennas are used in one sector in the case of split sectors.
Splitters are installed between base stations and antennas using jumpers.

13.1 Installing the Splitters on the Antenna Side


When installing a splitter on the antenna side, use jumpers to connect one end of the splitter to
the feeder and the other end to the antenna devices.
13.2 Installing the Splitters on the Base Station Side
When installing a splitter on the base station side, use jumpers to connect one end of the splitter
to the base station and the other end to the antenna devices.
support

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13.1 Installing the Splitters on the Antenna Side


When installing a splitter on the antenna side, use jumpers to connect one end of the splitter to
the feeder and the other end to the antenna devices.

Context
The connector varies with the splitter. Before the installation, ensure that the connectors on the
splitter and on the peer device match with each other.

Procedure
Step 1 Fix one output connector to the connector of the jumper on the SBT or STMA.
Step 2 Repeat Step 1 until the other output connectors on the splitter are fixed to the peer devices.
Step 3 Fix the input connector on the splitter to the connector of the jumper on the base station side.

----End

Result
Figure 13-1 shows a 1-for-3 splitter installed on the antenna side.

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 13 Installing the Splitters

Figure 13-1 1-for-3 splitter installed on the antenna side

support

13.2 Installing the Splitters on the Base Station Side


When installing a splitter on the base station side, use jumpers to connect one end of the splitter
to the base station and the other end to the antenna devices.

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Context
The connector varies with the splitter. Before the installation, ensure that the connectors on the
splitter and on the peer device match with each other.

Procedure
Step 1 Fix the input connector on the splitter to the connector of the jumper on the base station side.
Step 2 Fix one output connector to the connector of the jumper on the SBT or STMA.
Step 3 Repeat Step 2 until the other output connectors on the splitter are fixed to the peer devices.

----End

Result
Figure 13-2 shows a 1-for-3 splitter installed on the base station side.

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Figure 13-2 1-for-3 splitter installed on the base station side

support

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 14 Installing RET Antenna Line Devices

14 Installing RET Antenna Line Devices

About This Chapter

The antenna line devices are the RCU, RRU3801C AISG multi-core cable, RRU3801C AISG
extension cable, SBT, STMA, and AISG control cable.

14.1 Installing the RCU


The RCU is generally installed beneath the RET antenna. This part describes how to install the
RCU.
14.2 Installing the AISG Extension Cable of the RRU3801C
When the AISG multi-core cable is not long enough to connect the RRU3801Cthe base
station to the RCU, use an AISG extension cable. This part describes how to install an AISG
extension cable.
14.3 Installing the SBT
The SBT is installed on the RET antenna side. This part describes how to install the SBT.
support

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14.1 Installing the RCU


The RCU is generally installed beneath the RET antenna. This part describes how to install the
RCU.

Context
l The Powerwave RCU is assembled with the RET antenna before delivery. You need not
install it on site.
l This part describes the procedure for installing the Kathrein RCU.

Procedure
Step 1 Remove the protective cap from the RCU connector on the RET antenna, as shown in Figure
14-1.

Figure 14-1 Removing the protective cap

(1) Protective cap

NOTE

l You can find an adjusting gear and an adjusting spindle after the protective cap is removed. If an RCU
is not installed, you can adjust the tilt by the adjusting gear and adjusting spindle, as shown in Figure
14-2.
l The scale on the adjusting spindle is the tilt of the antenna, as shown in Figure 14-3.

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Figure 14-2 Adjusting gear and spindle

(1) Adjusting gear (2) Adjusting spindle

Figure 14-3 Adjusting spindle

(1) Adjusting spindle

Step 2 Remove the adjusting gear, as shown in Figure 14-4.

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Figure 14-4 Removing the adjusting gear

(1) Adjusting gear

Step 3 Connect the RCU to the adjusting spindle and push it in position, as shown in Figure 14-5.

CAUTION
Ensure that the adjusting spindle is not damaged when you install the RCU.

Figure 14-5 Installing the RCU

(1) Nut on the RCU (2) RCU

Step 4 Tighten the nut on the RCU by using your hand, and then tighten it using a torque wrench.

----End
support

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14.2 Installing the AISG Extension Cable of the RRU3801C


When the AISG multi-core cable is not long enough to connect the RRU3801Cthe base
station to the RCU, use an AISG extension cable. This part describes how to install an AISG
extension cable.

Procedure
Step 1 Connect the AISG male connector of the AISG extension cable to the AISG female connector
of the AISG multi-core cable.

Step 2 Connect the AISG female connector of the AISG extension cable to the AISG male connector
on the RCU.

----End

support

14.3 Installing the SBT


The SBT is installed on the RET antenna side. This part describes how to install the SBT.

Context
NOTE

Use a torque wrench to tighten the DIN connector to 27 N-m.

Procedure
Step 1 Connect the 7/16" DIN male connector of the SBT to a connector on the antenna, as shown in
Figure 14-6.

Figure 14-6 Installing the SBT

(1) Antenna connector (2) 7/16" DIN male connector

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Step 2 Connect the connector on one end of the jumper to the 7/16" DIN female connector of the SBT,
as shown in Figure 14-7.

The connector on the other end of the jumper is connected to the NodeB, as shown in Table
14-1.

Table 14-1 Connection between the NodeB and the jumper

NodeB Model The Jumper Is Connected to the ...

DBS3800 ANT_TX or RXA connector on the RRU

BTS3812E or BTS3812A ANT_TX or RXA connector at the top of the


MAFU

Figure 14-7 Installing the SBT jumper

(1) 7/16" DIN female connector (2) Antenna jumper (connected to the female connector
of the SBT)

(3) Antenna jumper (connected to the port of the RET


antenna)

NOTE

l The SBT is grounded through the feeder and a PGND cable is not required.
l One end of the jumper is connected to the female connector at the bottom of the RET antenna, and the
other end of the jumper is connected to the ANT_RXB port on the RRU or at the top of the MAFU, as
shown in part 3 of Figure 14-7.

----End

support

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 15 Installing Feeders

15 Installing Feeders

About This Chapter

The feeder installation procedure includes routing feeders, installing feeder grounding kits, and
leading feeders into the equipment room.

1. 15.1 Routing Feeders


This describes how to route the feeders.
2. 15.2 Installing Feeder Grounding Kits
This describes how to install feeder grounding kits. You can install feeder grounding kits
and route feeders at the same time.
3. 15.3 Leading Feeders into the Equipment Room
The feeders should be led into the equipment room through the feeder window. This topic
describes how to lead the feeders into the equipment room through the 12-hole feeder
window.
support

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15.1 Routing Feeders


This describes how to route the feeders.

Context
l The bending radius of the 1/2" feeder should be greater than 125 mm, and that of the 7/8"
feeder should be greater than 250 mm, and that of the 5/4" feeder should be greater than
380 mm, and that of the 13/8" feeder should be greater than 510 mm.
l The feeders should not get crossed when routing along the cable rack or cable ladder.
l Use the feeder clips to fasten the feeders. There are three types of feeder clips: one-for-one
feeder clip, one-for-two feeder clip, and one-for-three feeder clip. Figure 15-1 shows a
one-for-one feeder clip, and Figure 15-2 shows a one-for-three feeder clip.

Figure 15-1 one-for-one feeder clip

Figure 15-2 one-for-three feeder clip

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 15 Installing Feeders

NOTE

It is recommended to place the feeders in the order as follows:


Use the first one-for-three feeder clip as shown in the figure to fasten the main feeders in the order
of sector 1, sector 2 and sector 3; and use the second one-for-three feeder clip to fasten the diversity
feeders in the order of sector 1, sector 2 and sector 3.
l If the feeders are led from the top of building into the equipment room and the length of
the feeder laying on the wall is greater than 1 m, it is recommended to lead the feeder along
the cable ladder.
NOTE

Make plans to route the feeders rationally. Consider the influence of the routing on surroundings. And the
routing of the feeders should not occupy too much space.

Procedure
Step 1 Cut the feeders and attach the temporary labels on the feeders.
NOTE

You can cut the feeders before or after they are hoisted and fixed in position. In the latter case, leave
sufficient length of the feeder for later cutting.
1. Determine the length of the feeder required for each sector according to the engineering
designs.
2. Leave an extra length of 1 m to 2 m for later cutting.

CAUTION
Do not bend the feeder during cutting it. Ensure that the feeder may not be trampled by
vehicles or passersby.

3. Attach the temporary labels to the two ends and middle of the feeder immediately after
cutting it.
NOTE

The content on the temporary labels could be the same as that on the engineering labels.

Step 2 Hoist and fix the feeders.

CAUTION
Hoist the feeders with caution. No violent hoisting is allowed to avoid damage to the feeder skin.

1. Wrap the connector with gunny cloth (or ESD bag). Bind the cloth by using a rope or a
binding tape.
2. Knot the lifting rope round the feeder at the point 0.4 m from the end and tie another knot
at the point 4.4 m from the feeder end to prepare for the hoisting, as shown in Figure
15-3.

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Figure 15-3 Protection treatment for the feeder connector (unit: mm)

(1) Feeder connector (2) Wrapped connector (3) Hoisting rope (4) Knot (5) Feeder

3. The installer on the tower pulls the rope when hoisting the antenna.

CAUTION
When hoisting the antenna, prevent the feeders from colliding with the tower body or
building.

4. Fix the upper end of the feeder in proper position.


NOTE

Do not fix the feeder at a point that is very close to the antenna or TMA.

Step 3 Route the feeder.


1. Make plans for arranging the feeders and leading the feeders indoor based on the sector
requirements in the engineering design.
Typically, the feeders for each sector are arranged in one row or one line, and the sequence
of each row (or line) should be the same.
2. Arrange the feeders according to the designed sequence.
3. Straighten the feeder while fixing it onto the tower or the cable rack by using the fixing
clips, and 15.2 Installing Feeder Grounding Kits.

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 15 Installing Feeders

CAUTION
l Straighten the feeders from top to bottom, and fix them with the clips at the same time.
l Determine the mounting points of the clips according to the field requirements. Mount
the clips within every 2 m. Ensure that the clips are evenly mounted and arranged in
one direction.
l The fixing clips are strictly perpendicular to the feeders. Feeders in the same clip are
parallel to each other.
l When laying out feeders on the rooftop, place the feeders in the corresponding feeder
fixing clips according to the names on the feeder labels. Do not fasten them until they
are all laid neatly.

NOTE

Attach the label at:


l 20 cm away from each connector
l 20 cm to 30 cm under the tower platform
l 20 cm away from outside the feeder window
l The point where the feeder is bent.
When binding labels to the feeders, make sure all labels are neatly laid out. All labels and cable ties
should face the same direction. Leave 5 mm to 10 mm for the cable ties when cutting them.
4. Tear off the temporary labels, and tie up the engineering labels with black cable ties.

----End

Result
Figure 15-4 shows how to lay out the feeder from the tower top to the window.

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Figure 15-4 Laying out the feeder from the tower top to the window

(1) Spacing between the feeder clips (2) Feeder clip (3) Feeder window

Figure 15-5 shows how to lay out the feeder from the rooftop to the window.

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Figure 15-5 Laying out the feeder from the rooftop to the window

(1) Feeder (2) Rooftop (3) Feeder clip (4) Outdoor cable rack

(5) Outdoor grounding bar (6) To outdoor lightning protection (7) Feeder window (8) Waterproof curve
ground

support

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15.2 Installing Feeder Grounding Kits


This describes how to install feeder grounding kits. You can install feeder grounding kits and
route feeders at the same time.

Prerequisite
The feeder grounding bar is installed and its position is lower than or level with the feeder.

Procedure
Step 1 Prepare the tools, unpack the feeder grounding kit and put all the components and accessories
at a clean place or on a piece of paper for later use.

Step 2 Determine the installation location of the feeder grounding kits by referring to 15.2.1 Location
Requirements for Grounding the Feeder of the Mini Base Station and 15.2.2 Location
Requirements for Grounding the Feeder of the Macro Base Station.

Step 3 Strip the outer layer off the feeder as described in steps 1 through 3 in Figure 15-6.
l The length of the layer that is cut off should be equal to that of the grounding kit (excluding
the PGND cable).
l Cut the feeder until the conductor is exposed.

Figure 15-6 Installing the feeder grounding kits (a)

Step 4 Fix the feeder grounding kit to the conductor of the feeder, and tighten the feeder grounding kit,
as shown in steps 1 and 2 in Figure 15-7.

Figure 15-7 Installing the feeder grounding kits (b)

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Step 5 Waterproof the outdoor joints on the outer layer of the feeder by referring to Waterproofing
Outdoor Joints.
Step 6 Scrape the antirust paint off the grounding bar.
Step 7 Connect the grounding cable of the grounding kit to the nearest grounding bar.

CAUTION
The angle between the feeder and the corresponding grounding cable should be no more than
15.

Adhere to the following principles when grounding the feeder:


l When laying out the feeders along the tower, connect the grounding cable of the grounding
kit directly to the steel plate of the tower, if there are grounding points for the grounding kits
on the tower body.
l If there is no grounding point on the tower body, use the base of the feeder fixing kit to
connect the grounding cables. Fix the base to the tower or the outdoor cable rack and then
connect the grounding cable to the base.
l If the feeders are routed on the outdoor cable rack, connect the grounding cables to the cable
rack.
l Lead the grounding cable of the feeder grounding kits to the outdoor grounding bar and
arrange the grounding kits neatly, as shown in Figure 15-8.
l If no outdoor grounding bar is available, connect the grounding cable to the well-grounded
outdoor cable rack or to the surge protection grounding grid of the building, as shown in
Figure 15-9.
NOTE

Ground the feeders neatly on the grounding bar before the feeders enter the equipment room.

Figure 15-8 Grounding before leading the feeders into the equipment room (with grounding
bar)

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Figure 15-9 Grounding before leading the feeder into the equipment room (without grounding
bar)

Step 8 Coat antirust paint around the grounding point.


Step 9 Use insulating tapes to tightly wrap up the bare wires and lugs at the wiring terminals.

----End
support

15.2.1 Location Requirements for Grounding the Feeder of the Mini


Base Station
The grounding locations of the feeder depend on the installation modes of the mini base station.

Grounding Locations When the Base Station and the Antenna Are Installed on the
Same Pole
l When the feeder is shorter than 5 m [16.40 ft], no grounding protection is required for the
feeder.
l When the feeder is equal to or longer than 5 m [16.40 ft], ground the outer shielding layer
of the feeder at the nearest grounding point on the pole before connecting the feeder to the
RF port on the base station.
Figure 15-10 shows the grounding of the feeder when the base station and the antenna are
installed on the same pole.

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 15 Installing Feeders

Figure 15-10 Grounding locations of the feeder when the base station and the antenna are
installed on the same pole

Grounding Locations When the Base Station and the Antenna Are Installed on
different Poles
l Ground the feeder at the bottom of the pole.
l Before connecting the feeder to the RF port of the base station, do not ground the feeder if
the distance between the base station and the point is less than 5 m [16.40 ft]. The point
refers to the place where the feeder goes off the pole.
l Ground the outer shielding layer of the feeder if the distance between the base station and
the point where the feeder is routed off the pole is more than 5 m [16.40 ft].
l Ground the feeder at an interval of 20 m [65.60 ft] after it is routed off the pole.

Figure 15-11 shows the grounding of the feeder when the base station and the antenna are
installed on different poles.

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15 Installing Feeders Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

Figure 15-11 Grounding locations of the feeder when the base station and the antenna are
installed on different poles

Grounding Locations When the Base Station Is Installed Outdoors


When the base station is installed outdoors, for example, on a tower, billboard, chimney, or
power tower, the requirements for feeder grounding are similar. The following describes how
to ground the feeder when the base station is installed on a tower.
l Ground the outer shielding layer of the jumper 0.5 m [1.64 ft] below the top of the antenna
and ground the outer shielding layer of the feeder 0.5 m [1.64 ft] above the point where the
feeder is routed off the tower. The PGND cable of the feeder should be grounded to the
tower body nearby. If the tower is higher than 60 m [196.80 ft], ground the feeder in the
middle of the tower.
l Do not ground the feeder if the distance between the base station and the point where the
feeder is routed off the tower is not more than 5 m [16.40 ft].
l Ground the outer shielding layer of the feeder if the distance between the base station and
the point where the feeder is routed off the tower is more than 5 m [16.40 ft].
l Ground the feeder at an interval of 20 m [65.60 ft] after it is routed off the tower.

Figure 15-12 shows the grounding of the feeder when the base station is installed on a tower.

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 15 Installing Feeders

Figure 15-12 Grounding locations of the feeder when the base station is installed on a tower

Grounding Locations When the Base Station Is Installed Indoors


l When the antenna of the base station and the feeder are installed indoors, no grounding
protection is required for the feeder.
l When most part of the feeder stays indoors and the antenna is installed outdoors, ground
the outer shielding layer of the feeder near the feeder window.
l When most part of the feeder stays outdoors and the antenna is installed outdoors, ground
the outer shielding layer of the jumper at the point 0.5 m [1.64 ft] below the antenna and
ground the outer shielding layer of the feeder at the feeder window through which the feeder
is led into the building. If the distance between the antenna bottom and the feeder window
is less than 5 m [16.40 ft], ground the jumper and the feeder at only one point.

Figure 15-13 shows the grounding of the feeder when the base station is installed indoors.

Figure 15-13 Grounding locations of the feeder when the base station is installed indoors

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15 Installing Feeders Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

15.2.2 Location Requirements for Grounding the Feeder of the


Macro Base Station
You can install feeder grounding kits and route feeders at the same time. The grounding cables
should be rubber-insulated copper wires with cross-sectional area no smaller than 6 mm2. The
grounding cables should be black or green and yellow.

Grounding Locations When the Antenna Is Installed on a Tower Platform


Ground the feeder at the following locations:
l Ground the feeder at the place where the feeder is led off the tower platform to the nearest
tower body.
l Ground the feeder at the place where the feeder is led off the tower bottom to the nearest
tower body.
l Ground the feeder at the place where the feeder is led into the base station.
For an outdoor base station, the feeder and the base station can share a grounding bar.
For an indoor base station, ground the feeder to the nearest grounding bar at the place
outside the feeder window. If there is no grounding bar, ground the feeder to the
grounding strap or cable rack.
If the feeder above the tower is longer than 60 m [196.80 ft], add a grounding point in the middle
of the feeder. Usually, ground the feeder at an interval of 60 m [196.80 ft].

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 15 Installing Feeders

Figure 15-14 Grounding locations of the feeder when the RF antenna is installed on a tower
platform

NOTE

The grounding cable should not be longer than 5 m [16.40 ft].

Grounding Locations When the Antenna Is Installed on the Rooftop


round the feeder at the following locations:

NOTE

All the grounding cables are connected to the nearest pole or grounding bar. If there is no grounding bar,
ground the feeder to the grounding strap or cable rack. The grounding cable should not be longer than 5 m
[16.40 ft].
l For an outdoor base station, ground the feeder at the place within 1 m [3.28 ft] from the
pole and within 1.5 m [4.92 ft] from the base station.
Ground the feeder at the place where the feeder is led down from the pole, if the height
of the pole is not greater than 5 m [16.40 ft] and the distance between the pole and the
base station is less than 5 m [16.40 ft].
Add a grounding point below the antenna if the pole is higher than 5 m [16.40 ft]. The
grounding cable is connected to the pole.

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15 Installing Feeders Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

When the distance between the pole and the base station is greater than 20 m [65.60 ft],
ground the feeder at an interval of 20 m [65.60 ft].
l For an outdoor base station, ground the feeder near the antenna and outside the feeder
window.
When the distance between the two grounding points exceeds 20 m [65.60 ft], ground
the feeder on the outdoor cable rack.
Ground the feeder at the place where the feeder is led down from the pole, if the height
of the pole is not greater than 5 m [16.40 ft] and the distance between the pole and the
base station is less than 5 m [16.40 ft].
If the pole is higher than 5 m [16.40 ft], add a grounding point under the antenna.

Figure 15-15 Grounding locations of the feeder when the RF antenna is installed on the
rooftop

NOTE

The grounding points should be determined according to actual conditions.

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 15 Installing Feeders

15.3 Leading Feeders into the Equipment Room


The feeders should be led into the equipment room through the feeder window. This topic
describes how to lead the feeders into the equipment room through the 12-hole feeder window.

Context
Adhere to the following principles when leading the feeders into the equipment room:
l There are 4 large openings in a 12-hole feeder window. Each opening has three holes and
each hole holds one feeder.
l Route the feeders through the three holes in the same opening in compliance with the labels
or colored rings.
l The routing of the feeders should facilitate future capacity expansion. Generally, you are
allowed only to lead new feeders through the feeder window or to change the connection
of jumpers on the cabinet during the expansion without changing the original routing of
feeders.
l The routing of the feeders should facilitate the feeder layout on the cable rack and the
connection between the feeders and the cabinet.
l Route the feeders in parallel without intertwining.

Huawei recommends that you route the feeders through the feeder window in the sequence, as
shown in Figure 15-16.

Figure 15-16 Routing the feeders through the feeder window

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15 Installing Feeders Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

In Figure 15-16, the antenna connectors at the top of the cabinet are identified with silkscreens,
and the holes in the feeder window are identified with labels on the feeders.
For the NodeB in any configuration, you can lead the feeders into the room through the feeder
window by matching the silkscreens with the labels on the holes in the window.

Procedure
Step 1 Lead feeders into the equipment room through the feeder window.

CAUTION
It is recommended that a person stay in the room for cooperation to prevent damage to the indoor
equipment.

Step 2 Make the waterproof curves of the feeders outside the feeder window.

CAUTION
If the outdoor cabling racks are located above the feeder window, make the waterproof curves
outside the feeder window.
If the outdoor cabling racks are located below the feeder window, and the holes of the feeders
are located higher than the outdoor cabling racks by 15 cm [5.91 in.], waterproof curves are not
required.
When the feeder window and the indoor cabling racks are not at the same level, bend the feeders
in a natural manner. The minimum bending radius of the feeder should be 20 times larger than
the diameter of the feeder.

Step 3 Mount the sealing gasket and sleeve on the feeder window. Make sure the holes for adding glue
in the sealing sleeve face upwards.
Step 4 Cut the feeders in accurate length based on the design requirements.
Step 5 Attach a label at the point 200 mm [7.87 in.] away from the joint by referring to Labeling the
Antenna System or Labeling the DBS3800 Antenna System. Or attach a colored ring at the the
point 200 mm [7.87 in.] away from the joint by referring to 18 Installing Color Rings for the
Antenna System.

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET Cabinet

16 Installing the Jumpers Between the


Feeders and the Cabinet

Jumpers are required for the connection between the feeders and the base station. The connection
methods for jumpers and ports vary according to the base station equipment. For details, refer
to the installation manual of related base station equipment.
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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 17 Testing the Antenna System

17 Testing the Antenna System

This part describes how to test the VSWR of the antenna after the antenna system is installed.

Procedure
l Measure the VSWR of the antenna on the jumpers using a VSWR tester .

If ... Then ...

The VSWR is lower than 1.5 (with a The antenna is operational.


TMA installed).
The VSWR is lower than 1.5.

The VSWR is not lower than 1.5 (with a The antenna system is faulty. To locate the
TMA installed). problem, you can either measure the VSWR
at each jumper segment by segment or
The VSWR is not lower than 1.5. measure the return loss of the entire system.

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 18 Installing Color Rings for the Antenna System

18 Installing Color Rings for the Antenna


System

This describes how to install color rings for the antenna system.

Procedure
Step 1 Decide where to attach the color rings.
For a tower-mounted base station, the color rings are attached at the following positions:
l On the jumper that connects to the antenna, attach a color ring 200 mm [0.66 ft] away from
the feeder connector.
l On the feeder that is outside the equipment room, attach a color ring 200 mm [0.66 ft] away
from the feeder connector.
l On the feeder that is led down from the tower platform, attach a color ring 1 m [3.28 ft] away
from the feeder connector.
l On the feeder that is outside the feeder window, attach a color ring 1 m [3.28 ft] away from
the feeder window.
l On the feeder that is inside the equipment room, attach a color ring 200 mm [0.66 ft] away
from the feeder connector.
l On the jumper that connects to the cabinet, attach a color ring 200 mm [0.66 ft] away from
the feeder connector.

CAUTION
For the color rings for the feeder that is led down from the tower platform and the feeder that is
outside the feeder window, the specific locations can be determined only after the cable routing
is complete.

Figure 18-1 shows the locations of the color rings.

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18 Installing Color Rings for the Antenna System Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

Figure 18-1 Color rings attached for a tower-mounted base station

(1) Antenna (2) Color ring (3) Feeder (4) Jumper

(5) Cabinet (6) Tower platform (7) Feeder window

NOTE

Generally, you can attach the color rings by referring to Figure 18-1. In actual situations, you can adjust
the locations of the color rings as required.
l On the jumpers connected to the tower mounted amplifier (TMA), attach color rings 200 mm [7.87 in.]
away from the input end and the output end respectively.
l If the base station is not installed on a tower platform, the feeder is not led down from the tower platform,
and associated color rings are not required.
l If the cabinet is installed outdoors, the feeder is not led into the equipment room, and associated color
rings are not required.
l If multiple systems share an antenna system, only color rings for system 1 are required.

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 18 Installing Color Rings for the Antenna System

Step 2 Attach color rings.


After you determine the positions of the color rings, choose appropriate color rings by referring
to Color Rings for the Antenna System.
When you attach the color rings, wrap the feeder/jumper using color rings by two or three layers.
Ensure that each layer covers the previous layer completely and tightly and the rings are attached
in an orderly and neat manner, as shown in Figure 18-2.

Figure 18-2 Attaching color rings

NOTE

l Between two adjacent color rings, there should be a space of 10 mm [0.394 in.] to 15 mm [0.591 in.].
l In an RF channel, all the color rings must be attached in consistency.

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 19 Sealing Feeder Joints

19 Sealing Feeder Joints

Feeders are exposed to air. Thus, the feeder joints must be sealed to ensure stable performance.
Similarly, the feeder grounding clips must be sealed.

Prerequisite
l The materials for sealing feeder joints are available on site. They are PVC insulating tape
and waterproof tape, as shown in Figure 19-1.

Figure 19-1 PVC insulating tape and waterproof tape

(1) PVC insulating tape (2) Waterproof tape

l The tools required are available on site. A pair of scissors is required.


l Before you seal the joints, perform a Voltage Standing-Wave Ratio (VSWR) test and ensure
that the result is satisfactory.

Procedure
Step 1 Wrap the feeder joint using the tape (with the start point 20 mm away from the end of the feeder
connector) until the wrapped section is 40 mm long. Wrap the joint again in a reverse direction.
Then continue to wrap the joint in the same manner as the first layer of tape, as shown in Figure
19-2.

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19 Sealing Feeder Joints Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

Figure 19-2 Wrapping with three layers of waterproof tape

CAUTION
l When wrapping the connectors, ensure that the overlapping area of the adjacent tape layers
is half of the stretched width.
l Evenly stretch the tapes to 1/2 of the original width. Tightly press each layer of tape to ensure
that the tape smoothly and completely adheres to the connectors.

Step 2 Tightly press the PVC insulating tape to make the tape smoothly cover the connectors, as shown
in Figure 19-3.

Figure 19-3 Tightly pressing the waterproof tape

Step 3 Wrap the connectors using PVC insulating tape from the feeder side to the jumper side with 20
mm longer than the waterproof tape at both ends. Continue to wrap the connectors to the start
point of the first layer of PVC insulating tape. Then, continue to wrap the connectors to the end
of the second layer of PVC insulating tape. Cut the PVC insulating tape. The connectors are
wrapped by three layers of PVC insulating tape. as shown in Figure 19-4.

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 19 Sealing Feeder Joints

Figure 19-4 Wrapping with three layers of PVC insulating tape

CAUTION
When wrapping the connectors, ensure that the overlapping area of the adjacent tape layers is
half of the stretched width.

Step 4 Tightly press the PVC insulating tape to make the tape smoothly cover the connectors, as shown
in Figure 19-5.

Figure 19-5 Tightly pressing the PVC insulating tape

Step 5 Install cable ties at both ends of the wrapped section to prevent the tape form aging, as shown
in Figure 19-6.

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19 Sealing Feeder Joints Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

Figure 19-6 Sealed cable

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 20 Waterproofing the Feeder Window

20 Waterproofing the Feeder Window

The feeder window are categorized into encapsulation window and glass window. You should
waterproof the feeder window based on its type.

Procedure
l Waterproof the encapsulation window.
1. Put the two semicircle sealing sleeves around the outside of the big holes in the
window.
2. Put two steel hoops in the two grooves of the sealing sleeves, and then tighten the
screws on the hoop by using a screwdriver.
3. Inject glass cement around the window.
4. Block the holes that are not in use.
Figure 20-1 shows the feeder window after a waterproofing treatment.

Figure 20-1 Waterproofed feeder window

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20 Waterproofing the Feeder Window Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

l Waterproof the glass window.


1. Remove the glass, and then cut an opening in a proper size at one corner of the glass.
2. Protect the cut by using rubber or tapes. Wrap the feeder to be led through the opening
with tapes.
3. Lead the feeder indoors through the glass window.
4. Waterproof the joint between the glass and the feeder by using glass cement.
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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 21 Checking the Installation of the RET Antenna System

21 Checking the Installation of the RET


Antenna System

About This Chapter

After the RET antenna system is installed, you must check the installation.

Procedure
Step 1 Check the installation of the antenna by referring to the 21.1 Checklist for Antenna
Installation.
Step 2 Check the installation of the feeder by referring to the 21.2 Checklist for Feeder Installation.
Step 3 Check the installation of the jumper by referring to the 21.3 Checklist for Jumper
Installation.
Step 4 Check the installation of the grounding bar by referring to the 21.4 Checklist for Grounding
Bar Installation.
Step 5 Check the installation of the feeder window by referring to the 21.5 Checklist for Feeder
Window Installation.
Step 6 Check the installation of the ALD by referring to the 21.6 Checklist for RET ALD
Installation.
Step 7 Check the installation environment of the antenna system by referring to the 21.7 Checklist for
Field Cleanliness of the Antenna System.

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21 Checking the Installation of the RET Antenna System Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

21.1 Checklist for Antenna Installation


This part provides the checklist for antenna installation.

Checklist for Omnidirectional and Directional Antennas


l The installation positions of the antennas are in compliance with the engineering design.
l The antenna lies within the protection coverage of tilt angle 45 under the lightning arrester.
l The antenna support is securely installed on the tower or on the rooftop.

Checklist for Omnidirectional Antennas


l The top of the antenna jacket is as high as or is slightly higher than the top of the support.
l The antenna stands upright with the error (if any) smaller than 2.
l The distance of the antenna extending outside the tower platform is not less than 2 m.
l For the antenna installed on the rooftop, the horizontal spacing between the antenna and
the antenna lightning arrester is not less than 2.5 m.
l The antenna isolation should be 30 dB for both Tx-Tx and Tx-Rx antennas.
l When antennas are installed horizontally, the horizontal spacing between the TX antenna
and the RX antenna is not less than 3 m.
l When antennas are installed vertically, the vertical spacing between the TX antenna and
the RX antenna is not less than 0.2 m.
l According to the diversity reception requirements for the omnidirectional antennas, the
horizontal spacing between the RX antenna and the TX antenna is not less than 3 m.
l The Rx and Tx antennas can either share one antenna support or be installed separately,
depending on the engineering design.

Checklist for Directional Antennas


l The error of the azimuth is not larger than 5, and the error of the pitch angle is not larger
than 0.5.
l The antennas are free from any interference of the tower structure in the forward direction.
The distance of the antenna extending out of the tower platform is not less than 1 m.
l The antenna isolation should be 30 dB for both Tx-Tx and Tx-Rx antennas.
l When antennas are installed horizontally, the horizontal spacing between the TX antenna
and the RX antenna in the same sector is not less than 1 m.
l When antennas are installed vertically, the vertical spacing between the TX antenna and
the RX antenna in the same sector is not less than 0.2 m.
l The horizontal spacing between the TX antenna and the RX antenna in different sectors is
not less than 0.2 m.
l According to the diversity reception requirements for directional antennas, the horizontal
spacing between the RX antenna and the TX antenna is not less than 3 m.

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 21 Checking the Installation of the RET Antenna System

21.2 Checklist for Feeder Installation


This topic describes the checklist for the feeder installation.

Checklist for Feeder Layout


l The feeders should not be broken or twisted. No copper wires are exposed.
l The bending radius of a feeder should be at least 20 times larger than the diameter of the
feeder.
l The fixing clips of the feeders should be spaced evenly and oriented in the same direction
after they are secured.
l The feeders should not cross each other. They should be arranged in neat and straight row
and column at the entry to the equipment room. The degrees of their bending should be the
same.
l In accordance with the standard requirements, the labels on the feeders and jumpers should
be neatly attached and face the same direction.
l The feeders should keep straight for at least 0.5 m [1.64 ft] in both directions from the point
where they are led into the equipment room.
l When the front of the cabinets is in parallel with the cabling direction of the feeder lead,
the feeders in each sector should be arranged in the same row. The arrangement sequences
of all rows should be the same. When the front of the cabinets is perpendicular to the cabling
direction of the feeder lead, the feeders in each sector should be arranged in the same
column. The sequence for arranging all columns should be the same.
l The connectors of the feeders should be correctly prepared and tightly fastened.
l The feeders should be correctly connected and arranged in the right sectors.
l Waterproof curves should be made for the feeders before the feeders are led into the
equipment room.

Checklist for Feeder Grounding


l The grounding locations of the feeders should be in compliance with 15.2.1 Location
Requirements for Grounding the Feeder of the Mini Base Station and 15.2.2 Location
Requirements for Grounding the Feeder of the Macro Base Station.
l The grounding locations of the feeders should meet the requirements described in 15.2.1
Location Requirements for Grounding the Feeder of the Mini Base Station.
l The grounding joints of the feeders should be securely bound and properly waterproofed.
l If the feeders from the building top are led into the equipment room through a downward
cable ladder along the wall, the ladder should also be grounded.
l The grounding cables of the feeders should be led from the top to the bottom. The angle
between the feeders and the corresponding grounding cables should not be larger than 15.
l The terminals of the feeder grounding clips should be fixed to the tower nearby.
l The antennas and feeders installed on the rooftop should be grounded to the nearest
lightning protection grounding grid.
l The exposed conductors of the feeder grounding kits should be wrapped with waterproof
tap or be coated by paint.
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21 Checking the Installation of the RET Antenna System Antenna System Installation Guide - RET

21.3 Checklist for Jumper Installation


This topic provides the checklist for the jumper installation.
l All connectors of outdoor jumpers should be waterproofed.
l Waterproof curves should be made for the jumpers.
l The jumpers connected to the antennas should be bound through the crossbars of the antenna
support onto the steel frame of the tower.
l A certain extra length should be considered for the cutting of the cable ties.
l The minimum bending radius of a jumper should be 20 times larger than the diameter of
the jumper.
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21.4 Checklist for Grounding Bar Installation


This topic describes the checklist for grounding bar installation.
l The grounding bar should be isolated from the wall. The routing path of the grounding
cable should be as short as possible.
l The outdoor grounding bar should be connected to the underground grounding grid through
a proper route.
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21.5 Checklist for Feeder Window Installation


This topic describes the checklist for feeder window installation.
l The holes for adding glue in the sealing gland of the feeder window should face upward.
The plates of the encapsulation window should be installed indoors.
l The feeder window installed on the building top should be sealed securely.

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21.6 Checklist for RET ALD Installation


After the ALD is installed, you must check the installation.

Check Items for RET ALD Installation


l Check whether the BT connectors are correctly connected. The DIN male connector of the
BT is directly connected to the DIN female connector of the feeder instead of the connector
on the RRU because the DC power and control signals are output from the DIN male
connector on the BT.
l Check whether the SBT connectors are correctly connected. The DIN male connector on
the SBT is directly connected to the DIN female connector on the antenna instead of the
connector on the feeder.

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Antenna System Installation Guide - RET 21 Checking the Installation of the RET Antenna System

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21.7 Checklist for Field Cleanliness of the Antenna System


Check the items listed in the checklist. If the installation environment cannot meet the
requirements, improve it until it meets the requirements.
l There are no sundries inside the cabinet or on the top of the cabinet. The surface of the
cabinet is clean and free of dirt and finger prints.
l There is no extra tape or strap on the cables.
l There are no extra tape, binding ties, paper, or package bags left on the site.
l All the items are clean, clear, and intact.

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