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## Gauss Elimination Method

DEFINITION 2.2.10 (Forward/Gauss Elimination Method) Gaussian elimination is a method of solving a
linear system (consisting of equations in unknowns) by bringing the augmented matrix

## EXAMPLE 2.2.11 Solve the linear system by Gauss elimination method.

Solution: In this case, the augmented matrix is The method proceeds along the following steps.

## 1. Interchange and equation (or ).

2. Divide the equation by (or ).

## 5. Multiply the equation by (or ).

The last equation gives the second equation now gives Finally the first equation gives Hence the

## EXAMPLE 2.2.12 Solve the linear system by Gauss elimination method.

Solution: In this case, the augmented matrix is and the method proceeds as follows:

## EXAMPLE 2.2.13 Solve the linear system by Gauss elimination method.

Solution: In this case, the augmented matrix is and the method proceeds as follows:

## 1. Add times the first equation to the second equation.

2. Add times the first equation to the third equation.

## The third equation in the last step is

This can never hold for any value of Hence, the system has NO SOLUTION.

Remark 2.2.14 Note that to solve a linear system, one needs to apply only the elementary row
operations to the augmented matrix

Next: Row Reduced Echelon Form Up: Row Operations and Equivalent Previous: Row Operations and Equivalent
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A K Lal 2007-09-12