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TATA INSTITUTE OF SOCIAL SCIENCES

Deonar, Mumbai- 400 088


School of Law Rights and Constitutional Governance

Assignment / Report Submission


Name : Aaratrika Pandey
Enrollment No. : M2016ATJ001
Programme Name : Master of Law in Access to Justice
Course Title : Curriculum Development & Teaching Laws
Course Code : LL.M.-05
Semester : 2ND Semester Year: 2016-17
Assignment Title : Develop a course curriculum of three credit (45hrs) foundation
course on Comparative Public Law for the students of Master
in Laws. (50 Marks)
Due Date : 05-06-2017
Submitted on :

Signature of the Student: AARATRIKA PANDEY

Course Teacher : Ms. SAUMYA RAI


Grade Assigned :
Signature of Teacher :

SEMESTER I Page 1
Comparative Public Law Syllabus
Instructor COURSE OVERVIEW
Ms. SAUMYA RAI Comparative public law as a discipline has assumed renewed significance especially
after the cold war with many states in the erstwhile communist block embarking on
Phone
framing new constitutions. The purpose of this course is to provide a critical
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understanding of the main issues, trends and methods in comparative public law.

Email The Course will concentrate on some of the main issues of contemporary

saumya.rai@tiss.edu
constitutionalism. After a methodological introduction, it will start with an
overview of the constitutional cycles. In this context, the key features of the
Office Location contemporary constitutional State will be discussed, with particular reference to the
ROOM NO.-608, instruments that ensure constitutional efficacy, such as constitutional rigidity,
ACADEMIC BUILDING
reinforced amendment processes and constitutional review of legislation. The paper
I, NEW CAMPUS, TISS,
MUMBAI-400088 intends to provide a comparative analysis about the structure of government,
legislative process and the role of the judiciary to have better understanding of the
Indian polity.

OBJECTIVE OF THE COURSE

The course aims at providing the main instruments for the analysis of the evolution
of contemporary constitutionalism through the comparative method. This paper
focuses on analytical and theoretical scrutiny of Public Administrative Law,
Constitutional Law and Criminal Law and its component in comparative manner to
enable the students and develop amongst them the proper understanding of the
subject.

CREDIT: 3 credit

LEARNING HOURS: 45 hrs.

MARKS: 100 marks

SEMESTER I Page 2
COURSE STRUCTURE
UNIT-I INTRODUCTION

Meaning and definition of Public Law


Concept of Public Law
Globalization of Comparative Public Law

UNIT-II TOOLS OF COMPARATIVE PUBLIC LAW

Constitutional Law Common Law, Civil Law


Legislative Mechanism - Common Law, Civil Law
Typology of Federalism USA, India

UNIT-III. PUBLIC INTEREST LITIGATION US, INDIA

Locus standi
Judicial Activism
Judicial Accountability

UNIT-IV COMPARATIVE CRIMINAL LAW COMMON LAW, CIVIL LAW

Domestic Violations International, National


Provisions relating to Rape
Plea Bargaining USA, India
White Collar Crimes
Juvenile Justice

UNIT- V EMERGING TRENDS AND ISSUES

Internationalization of constitutional law: Driving forces, divergent practices and criticisms


Militant democracy: concept, history, varieties and contestations
On-going projects: Global Administrative Law; Global Constitutionalism;
Transnational Law

UNIT- VI VARIOUS APPROACHES AND THEORY TO COMPARATIVE JURISPRUDENCE

Theoretical Aspects of Comparative Legal Studies;


Single-system Analysis;
Directly Comparative Analysis;
Harmonization, Legal Transplants and Mixed Jurisdictions;
Conflict of Laws;
Divergent Approaches to Public International Law

EVALUATION SYSTEM

Written exam-50 marks


Presentations (Cases and Laws)-30 marks
Written Assignment (article, summary of a case, review of book, etc.)- 20 marks

SEMESTER I Page 3
LEARNING OUTCOMES:

On completion of this course, the students would:

1. Be able to understand the similarities and differences between leading legal traditions in key areas like
separation of powers, protection of rights and the role of judiciary
2. Be familiar with the methodology of comparative public law
3. Be able to use comparative methodology in public law analysis

ESSENTIAL BOOKS

H. W. Wade, Administrative Law, 10th edition, Oxford University Press; (28 October 2009).
De Smith, Judicial Review of Administrative Action, 4th Edition. London: Stevens and Sons Ltd., 1980.
Garner, Administrative Law, 8th edition, OUP Oxford, (10 October 1996).
D. D. Basu, Comparative Administrative Law, 2nd edition, Lexis Nexis; (1 April 2014).
Wade and Philips, Constitutional Law, 8th Revised edition, Prentice Hall Press, (16 November 1970)
Dicey, Introduction to Law of the Constitution, 8th Revised edition, Liberty Fund Inc, (1 January 1982)
Hood Philips, Constitutional Law and Administrative Law, 7th edition, Sweet & Maxwell, (October 1987).
M. P. Jain and S. N. Jain, Principles of Administrative Law, 7th edition, Lexis Nexis India, (2011)
M. P. Jain, The Evolving Indian Administrative Law, 7th edition, Lexis Nexis India, (2011).
B. Schwartz, An Introduction to American Administrative Law, 5th edition, Lexis Nexis, (2007)
M. P. Jain, Cases and Materials on Administrative Law, 7th edition, Lexis Nexis India, (2011)
Ivor Jennings, Law and the Constitution, 2nd edition, University of London Press (1964).
K. C. Davis, Discretionary Justice, 5th Printing edition, University of Illinois Press, (May 1, 1976).

SELECTIVE CASE LAWS

1. Asif Hameed v. State of J&K [AIR 1989 SC 1899]

2. State of Rajasthan v. Union of India [AIR 1978 SC 1361]

3. Keshavanand Bharati v. State of Kerala [(1976) 2 SCR 347]

4. Pandit M.S.M. Sharma v. Sri Krishna Sinha [AIR 1959 SC 395]

5. Vishakha v. state of Rajasthan [(1997) 6 scc 241]

6. Peoples Union for Democratic Rights v. Union of India ( A.I.R.. 1982 , S C 1473)

7. Shiram Food & Fertilizer case AIR (1986) 2 SCC 176 SC

8. Council For Environment Legal Action V. Union Of India, (1996)5 SCC281

9. Aruna Ramchandra Shanbaug vs Union of India & Ors, WRIT PETITION (CRIMINAL) NO. 115 OF 2009

SEMESTER I Page 4
10. Tuka Ram And Anr vs State Of Maharashtra, 1979 AIR 185, 1979 SCR (1) 810

11. Santosh Kumar Singh v. State, CRIMINAL APPEAL NO. 87 OF 2007

12. State v. Ram Singh, CRIMINAL APPEAL NO. 87 OF 2007

13. Shalu Ojha v. Prashant Ojha, Criminal Appeal No.2070 of 2014

14. Hiral P Harsora and ors v. Kusum Narottamdas Harsora & Ors, CIVIL APPEAL NO. 10084 of 2016

15. Arnesh Kumar v. State Of Bihar & Anr, CRIMINAL APPEAL NO. 1277 OF 2014

16. Satish Mehra V. State (NCT of Delhi) and another, AIR 2013 SC 506

17. State of Orissa vs. Devendra Nath Padhi, 2005(1) SCC 568

18.Rukmani vs. Vijaya, AIR 2009 SC 1013

19. Rajiv Thapar vs. Madan Lal Kapoor, AIR 2013 SC (supp.) 1056

20. Preeti Gupta v. State of Jharkhand , AIR 2010 SC 3363,

21. Neelu Chopra & anr. v. Bharti, AIR 2009 SC(Supp) 2950

22. Kans Raj vs. State of Punjab, AIR 2000 SC 2324

23. Laxmikant Pandey vs. Union of India, 1984(2) SC 244, 249

24. Bandhua Mukti Morcha vs. Union of India (1997) 10 SC 551-553

25. Raisul v State of UP, AIR 1977 (SC) 1822

26. Gopinath Ghosh v. State of West Bengal, 1984 Cri. L.J. 168 (SC) JT 2005(2) SC 271

27. Pratap Singh vs. State of Jharkhand and another, (1986) 3 SCC 596

Note: The above list is illustrative and not exhaustive. The updated case laws will be discussed.

REFERENCE BOOKS

Singh, M. P.; V.N Shuklas Constitution of India; Eastern Book Company(4th ed., 2007)
Finer, S.E.; Comparative Government; Penguin Books, Christopher Forsyth, Mark Elliott, Swati Jhaveri,
and Effective Judicial Review: A Cornerstone of Good Governance (Oxford University Press, 2010).
D.D. Basu, Comparative Constitutional Law (2nd ed., Wadhwa Nagpur).
David Strauss, The Living Constitution (Oxford University Press, 2010)
Dr. Subhash C Kashyap, Framing of Indian Constitution (Universal Law, 2004)
Elizabeth Giussani, Constitutional and Administrative Law (Sweet and Maxwell, 2008).
Erwin Chemerinsky, Constitutional Law, Principles and Policies (3rd ed., Aspen, 2006)
M.V. Pylee, Constitution of the World (Universal, 2006)
Mahendra P. Singh, Comparative Constitutional Law (Eastern Book Company, 1989).

SEMESTER I Page 5
Neal Devins and Louis Fisher, The Democratic Constitution (Oxford University Press, 2010)
S.N Ray, Judicial Review and Fundamental Rights (Eastern Law House, 1974).
Sudhir Krishna Swamy, Democracy and constitutionalism in India A Study of the Basic Structure
Doctrine (Oxford University Press, 2009)
Sunil Khilnani,Vikram Raghavan, Arun Thiruvengadam, Comparative Constitutionalism in South Asia
(Oxford University Press, 2013).
Vikram David Amar, Mark Tushnet, Global Perspectives on Constitutional Law (Oxford University
Press, 2009).
Zachery Elkins, Tom Ginsburg, James Melton, the Endurance of National Constitutions (Cambridge
University Press, 2009).

SUGGESTED ARTICLES

Hirschl, R. (2013). From comparative constitutional law to comparative constitutional studies.


International Journal of Constitutional Law, 11 (1), 1-12.
Tushnet, M. (1999). The possibilities of comparative constitutional law. Yale Law Journal, 108, 1225-
1309.
Tushnet, M. (2013). Constitution making: An introduction. Texas Law Review, 91, 1983-2015.
Baranger, D. and Murray, C. (2013). Systems of government. In Tushnet, M., Fleiner, T., and Saunders,
C.(Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Constitutional Law. Oxon: Routledge
Chibub, J. A., Elkins, Z., and Ginsburg, T. (2013). Beyond presidentialism and parliamentarism. British
Journal of Political Science, 44 (3), 1-30.
Kennedy, D. (1982). The stages of the decline of the public/private distinction. University of
Pennsylvania Law Review, 130, 1349-1357.
Alexander, L. and Schauer F. (1997). On Extrajudicial Constitutional Interpretation. Harvard Law
Review, 110 (7), 1359-1387.
Moran, M. (2002). Understanding the Regulatory State. British Journal of Political Science, 32 (2), 391-413
David Staruss, Do we Have a Living Constitution 59 (4) Drake Law Review 973-984 (2011 Summer)
Devi Prasad Singh, Sovereignty, Judicial Review and Separation of Power, 7(5) Supreme Court Cases 1-13 (2012
September)
Glen Staszewski, Political Reasons, Deliberative Democracy and Administrative Law, 97(3) Iowa Law Review
849-912 (2012 March):
Ishwara Bhat, Why and how Federalism matters in Elimination of Disparities and Promotion of Equal
Opportunities for Positive Rights, 54(3) Journal of the Indian Law Institute 324-363 (July-Sept 2012).
Jessica Bulman, Federalism as a safeguard of the Separation of Powers, 112(3) Columbia Law Review 459-506
(2012 April)
Jonathan Siegel, Institutional case for Judicial Review 97(4) Iowa Law Review 1147-1200 (2012 May).

SEMESTER I Page 6
K.K. Venugopal, Separation of Power and the Supreme Court of India, Vol. 2 No. 2 Journal of Law and Social
Policy 64-82 (July 2008).
Linda Bosniak, Persons and Citizens in Constitutional Thought 8 (1) International Journal of Constitutional Law
9-29 (January 2010).
Nathan Chapman, Due Process as Separation of Powers, 121(7) Yale Law Journal 1672-1807 (2012 May).
Rajvir Sharma, Judiciary as Change Agent: Some insights into the Changing role of Judiciary in India, 58(2)
Indian Journal of Public Administration 264-286 (2012 April-June).

SEMESTER I Page 7