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Four loads are to be considered in order to measure total load on the footing:

1. Self load of the column x Number of floors

2. Self load of beams x Number of floors

3. Load of walls coming onto the column

4. Total Load on slab (Dead load + Live load)

If you get well versed with load calculations, then calculating the size of the footing and following the procedure for foundation design wouldn’t be a problem.

Guide to Foundation Design | Column Footings

Foundation Design

Foundation is the base of any structure. Without a firm foundation, the structure cannot stand. That is the reason why we have to be very cautious with the design of foundations because our entire structure rests on the foundation.

Laying of Column Footing Reinforcement

Laying of Column Footing Reinforcement

The strength of the foundation determines the life of the structure. As we discussed in the earlier article, design of foundation depends on the type of soil, type of structure and its load.

On that basis, the foundations are basically divided into Shallow Foundations and Deep Foundations.

In this article, we are going discuss the step by step guide to Column Footing Design….

Reinforced Concrete Footings

Footing comprises of the lower end of a column, pillar or wall which i enlarged with projecting courses so as to distribute load.