Sie sind auf Seite 1von 4

Form IV Assessment- ACID/BASES & SALTS

Name: ........................................................................... Class:................................................

Answer all questions Time : 45 minutes


SECTION A

For each of the following there are four possible answers A, B, C and D. Write down the one you
consider to be correct in the space provided to the right of the question.

1. Which of the following statements is true of all acids in aqueous solution?

A. They react with carbonates to liberate carbon dioxide


B. They react with any metal to liberate hydrogen
C. They turn red litmus paper blue
D. They have pH values greater than 7

2. The compound which has the highest pH value in solution is

A. ammonia B sodium chloride C hydrochloric acid D water

3. Which one of the following is a weak acid?

A hydrochloric acid B ethanoic acid C nitric acid D phosphoric acid

4. Which one of the following oxide is amphoteric?

A sodium oxide B magnesium oxide C carbon dioxide D aluminium oxide

5. Which hydroxide dissolves in water to form an alkaline solution?


A aluminium hydroxide B calcium hydroxide C copper (II) hydroxide D iron (III) hydroxide

6. Compound X reacts with dilute Hydrochloric acid to form a colourless gas which turns lime water
milk and give a blue solution. What is X?
A ammonium carbonate B copper (II) chloride C copper (II) carbonate D iron(III) chloride

7. Which pair of substances produces a precipitate when their aqueous solutions are mixed?

A. sodium chloride and barium nitrate B. sodium nitrate and barium chloride

C. sodium nitrate and silver nitrate D. sodium sulphate and barium chloride

8. Some reactions of a substance, R, are shown in the diagram.


What type of substance is R?

A an acid B a base C an element D a salt

9. An oxide of element X dissolves in water to form a solution of pH 5.


Which line in the table is correct?

10. Which statement describes a test for carbon dioxide gas?


A It bleaches damp litmus paper. B It relights a glowing splint.
C It turns cobalt(II) chloride paper pink. D It turns limewater cloud

11. A student carries out an experiment to prepare pure magnesium sulfate crystals. The diagram shows
the first stage of the preparation.

He adds magnesium carbonate until no more reacts. Which process should he use for the next stage?
A crystallisation B evaporation C filtration D neutralisation

12. Which salt can be prepared by an acid-alkali titration method?

A ammonium sulphate B copper(II) sulphate C iron(II) sulphate D zinc sulphate

13. Which element will burn in oxygen to form an acidic oxide?

A calcium B carbon C iron D magnesium

14. Which two reagents could be used to prepare the insoluble salt copper(II) carbonate?

A CuO(s) + Na2CO3(aq)
B CuO(s) + MgCO3(s)
C CuSO4(aq) + Na2CO3(aq)
D CuSO4(aq) + MgCO3(s)
15. Which aqueous ion causes a white precipitate to form when acidified aqueous silver nitrate is added
to it?
A chloride B iodide C nitrate D sulphate

16. Which substances react with dilute sulphuric acid to form a salt?

17. Aqueous sodium hydroxide is added to two different solutions with the results shown.

What are the cations present in X and Y?

18. Two indicators, bromophenol blue and Congo red, show the following colours in acidic solutions and
in alkaline solutions

A few drops of each indicator are added to separate samples of a solution of pH 2.


What are the colours of the indicators in this solution?
19. Which of the following should not be used with hydrochloric acid to prepare zinc chloride?

A zinc carbonate B zinc metal C zinc oxide D zinc nitrate

20. What is the equation for the reaction when dilute sodium hydroxide and hydrochloric asid are mixed
together?

A. H+ (aq) + OH- (aq) H2O (l)

B H+ (aq) + Cl- (aq) HCl (aq)

C Na+ (aq) + Cl- (aq) NaCl (aq)

D 2H+(aq) + O2- (aq) H2O (l)

[20]
SECTION B

1. This question is concerned with the following oxides.

Lead (II) oxide carbon monoxide copper (II) oxide

nitrogen dioxide zinc oxide

Each oxide can be used once, more than once, or not at all.

Name an oxide from the list above which

(i) is acidic : ...................................................................................

(ii) is amphoteric: ...................................................................................

(iii) is neutral : ...................................................................................

(iv) causes acid rain: ...................................................................................

(v) will react with dilute sulphuric acid to give a blue solution: .........................................................
[5]