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Research Activity

Topic : Numerical simulation on counter rotating wind turbines

1. Numerical simulation of the effect of axial distance between two rotor in counter rotating wind
turbines
Published in : International conference on science & technology-computer (ICST)
Date of conference : 27 28 October 2016
Date added to IEEE Xplore : 16 March 2017
Electronic ISBN: 978-1-5090-4357-6
Print ISBN: 978-1-5090-4356-9
Print on Demand(PoD) ISBN: 978-1-5090-4358-3
NSPEC Accession Number: 16744140
DOI: 10.1109/ICSTC.2016.7877338
Publisher: IEEE
Conference Location: Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Abstract : The counter-rotating wind turbines (CRWT) is a wind turbine model developed
from a single rotating wind turbine (SRWT) model with a horizontal axis. CRWTs have two
rotors rotating in opposite directions on the same axis. The purpose of this research is to find the
optimal power that can be produced by CRWTs, as related to the change of the axial distance
between the front and rear rotors. The flow around CRWTs is simulated using computational
fluid dynamic (CFD) with ANSYS Fluent. The simulation consists of two steps: obtaining the
optimum rotation and rotor torque, respectively. These two values are used to calculate the
mechanical power of the rotors. In this simulation, the wind velocity is 3 m/s and the variations
of axial distance are 0.2d; 0.3d; 0.44d; 0.61d; 0.7d; 0.8d; 1d; 1.5d; 2d (with d standing for front
rotor diameter). The result of the simulation shows that axial distance between 0.2d-0.7d has the
most optimal mechanical power.
2. Numerical Simulation of The Effect of Wind Velocity on Counter-Rotating Wind Turbines
Performance (wait for conference schedule)
Abstract : The counter-rotating wind turbines (CRWT) is a wind turbine model developed
from a single rotating wind turbine (SRWT) model with a horizontal axis. CRWTs have two
rotors rotating in opposite directions on the same axis. The purpose of this research is to
investigate the effect of wind velocity on CRWTs performance with different axial distance
ratio. The flow around CRWTs is simulated using computational fluid dynamic (CFD) with
ANSYS Fluent. The simulation consists of two steps: obtaining the optimum rotation and rotor
torque, respectively. These two values are used to calculate the mechanical power of the rotors.
In this simulation, the wind velocities are 2 m/s; 3 m/s; and 4.2 m/s. The variations of axial
distance ratio are 0.3; 0.5; 0.7; 0.8; and 1. The result of the simulation shows that the optimum
ratio of the axial distance which will change with the change of wind velocity. For a wind
velocity of 2 m/s, the optimal ratio of the axial distance is 0.5. For a wind velocity of 3 m/s and
4.2 m/s, the optimal ratio of the axial distance are 1 and 0.8.

3. Numerical simulation on diffuser augmented wind turbines with double rotor counter-rotation
(wait for conference schedule)
Abstract : Diffuser augmented wind turbines (DAWT) is a model of the development of
conventional wind turbines, diffuser added to the construction of a conventional wind turbine to
improve the performance of wind turbine rotors. The wind turbine with double rotor counter-
rotation is also a model of the development of conventional wind turbines, conventional wind
turbine that has a single rotor developed into a wind turbine with two rotors rotating in opposite
directions. We sudied the improved effect a diffuser had on the performance of wind turbines
with dual rotor counter rotation, as related to the change of the ratio of diffuser length (L) and
inlet diameter (D) of diffuser. The flow around DAWT is simulated using computational fluid
dynamic (CFD) with ANSYS Fluent. In this simulation, the wind speed is 3 m/s and the ratio of
L/D are 0.5; 1; 1.5; 2; and 2.5. The effect of the ratio L/D on the wind speed inside diffuser was
analyzed by steady state simulation and showed that the wind speed inside diffuser was greatly
influenced by the ratio of L/D, with an increase in wind speed inside the diffuser reaches 35% -
68%. Due to increased wind speeds, the Performance of each wind turbine rotor also increases
known from TSR produced each rotor. TSR rotor wind turbine with dual counter rotation
without diffuser was 4.79 and 4.82 for the front rotor and rear rotor, respectively. TSR produced
front rotors with a ratio L / D 0.5; 1; 1.5; 2; and 2.5 are 6.23; 8.81; 10.39; 11.28; and 11.50,
respectively. TSR produced rear rotor is 5.29; 6.11; 6.63; 7.42; and 8.28 for the ratio L / D 0.5;
1; 1.5; 2; and 2.5, respectively. The result of the simulation show that the addition of the length
of the diffuser resulted wind speed in the diffuser further speed up and the performance of each
rotor in the diffuser also will rise as well.