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AUTODESK AUTOCAD CIVIL 3D


DEVOTECH INFRASTRUCTURE DESIGN AUTOMATION SUITE (iDAS)

iDAS version V9.x.x.x Beta

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Devotech iDAS-DPX-Civil 3D Help
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CONTENT
DISCLAIMER ........................................................................................................... 16
IDAS INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................. 17
IDAS INSTALLATION .............................................................................................. 18

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Standard Installation............................................................................................ 18
Command Line Parameters Installation ............................................................. 19
GENERAL INFORMATION ...................................................................................... 20
Reset Window Position ....................................................................................... 20
Template/Drawing Size and Opening Time ........................................................ 20

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IDAS COMMANDS ...................................................................................................
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How to Access iDAS Commands........................................................................ 22
Commands from Resources Panel ..................................................................... 24
Command Register ....................................................................................................................... 24

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Standalone license ....................................................................................................................... 24
Network license ............................................................................................................................ 26
Transfer iDAS standalone license ................................................................................................ 29
Command About............................................................................................................................ 33
Command Support ........................................................................................................................ 34
Command Help .............................................................................................................................. 36
Command Portal ............................................................................................................................ 37
Command Whats New ................................................................................................................... 38
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Command Website ........................................................................................................................ 39
Command Training ........................................................................................................................ 40
Command Video Training ............................................................................................................. 41
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Points .................................................................................................................... 42
Command Survey Grid ................................................................................................................. 42
Command Point Array .................................................................................................................. 47
Command Offset Points ............................................................................................................... 48
Command Points Station Offset .................................................................................................. 49
Command Import GPX .................................................................................................................. 50
Command Export GPX .................................................................................................................. 54
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Command Lo System .................................................................................................................... 56


Command Link Points .................................................................................................................. 59
Command Rename Points ............................................................................................................ 60
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Surfaces ................................................................................................................ 61
Command SA Coordinates ........................................................................................................... 61
Command Polyline Elevations ..................................................................................................... 62
Command Import TOT .................................................................................................................. 64
Command Export TOT .................................................................................................................. 66
Command Import DAT .................................................................................................................. 68
Command Layerworks .................................................................................................................. 73
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Command Extract Surface ........................................................................................................... 75


Command Extract Regions .......................................................................................................... 77
Parcels .................................................................................................................. 79
Command Parcel Manager ........................................................................................................... 79
Command Import Parcels ............................................................................................................. 81
Command Export Parcels ............................................................................................................. 82
Alignments ........................................................................................................... 84
Command Change Labels ............................................................................................................ 84
Command Rename Alignment ..................................................................................................... 85
Command Import Alignment ........................................................................................................ 86

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Command Alignments from Polylines ........................................................................................ 88


Command Zoom to Profile View .................................................................................................. 90
Profiles .................................................................................................................. 91
Command Profile from Pipes ....................................................................................................... 91
Command Add Surface ................................................................................................................. 93
Command Set Length ................................................................................................................... 94
Command Set Datasource ............................................................................................................ 95

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Command Clean Up ...................................................................................................................... 96
Command Smooth Profile ............................................................................................................ 98
Command Export Profile .............................................................................................................. 99
Command Export All Profiles ..................................................................................................... 101
Command Export Band Settings ............................................................................................... 102
Command Import Band Settings ............................................................................................... 103
Command Compare Profiles ...................................................................................................... 104

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Command Zoom to Alignment ................................................................................................... 106
Corridors ............................................................................................................. 107
Command Corridor Wizard ......................................................................................................... 107
Command Intersection Wizard................................................................................................... 113
Troubleshooting .......................................................................................................................... 117

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How to delete an intersection ..................................................................................................... 121
Command Plan Wizard ............................................................................................................... 123
Command Intersection Check .................................................................................................... 124
Command Intersection PVI ......................................................................................................... 125
Command Profile Feature Line .................................................................................................. 126
To link a point code to a profile: ................................................................................................. 126
To link as feature line to a profile: .............................................................................................. 127
Command Rebuild Feature Profiles .......................................................................................... 130
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Command Point from Section .................................................................................................... 131
Command Road Investigation .................................................................................................... 135
Command Road Rehab 1 ............................................................................................................ 141
Command Road Rehab 2 ............................................................................................................ 142
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Command Rebuild Corridors ..................................................................................................... 143


Command Rebuild Auto ............................................................................................................. 145
Storm and sewer networks ............................................................................... 147
Command Sewer Manager ......................................................................................................... 147
Command Sewer Wizard ............................................................................................................ 148
Command Optimise Network ..................................................................................................... 150
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Command Flow Directions ......................................................................................................... 153


Command Swap Direction .......................................................................................................... 155
Command Storm Water Manager............................................................................................... 157
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Command Storm Water Wizard.................................................................................................. 158


Command Swap Structures to Inlets ........................................................................................ 160
Command Junction Types ......................................................................................................... 162
Water network .................................................................................................... 165
Command Water Manager .......................................................................................................... 165
Command Water Wizard ............................................................................................................. 166
Command Bulk Water Wizard .................................................................................................... 167
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Command House Connections .................................................................................................. 169


Command Export Pipe Branch .................................................................................................. 171
Command Update Bands ............................................................................................................ 173
Commands from Utilities panel ........................................................................ 174
Command Modify Views ............................................................................................................. 174
Command Refresh Split Views .................................................................................................. 176
Command Move Sample Line .................................................................................................... 177
Command Explode Polyline OD ................................................................................................. 178
Import network ................................................................................................... 179
Command Import CD Sewer ....................................................................................................... 179
Command Import CD Storm ....................................................................................................... 181

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Command Import CD Water ....................................................................................................... 183


Command Import CSV CE (Chainage and Elevation) .............................................................. 185
Command Import CSV SS (Structure to Structure) ................................................................. 188
Command Import CSV NT (Network) ......................................................................................... 190
Command Import Culverts ......................................................................................................... 192
Command Import INP .................................................................................................................. 194
Water Network ............................................................................................................................ 194
Storm Water or Sewer Network ................................................................................................. 197

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Command Import TechnoCAD ................................................................................................... 199
Command Import Juno ............................................................................................................... 201
Pipe design panel............................................................................................... 202
Command Move Structure .......................................................................................................... 202
Command Delete Structure ........................................................................................................ 203
Command Insert Structure ......................................................................................................... 204

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Command Edit Structure ............................................................................................................ 206
Command Find Part .................................................................................................................... 209
Command Grade Pipes ............................................................................................................... 210
Command Swap Structures ....................................................................................................... 213
Command Swap Pipes ................................................................................................................ 214
Command Adjust Inverts ............................................................................................................ 215

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Command Connect Pipes ........................................................................................................... 218
Command Automap .................................................................................................................... 219
Command Set Ref Surface ......................................................................................................... 220
Command Remove Duplicates ................................................................................................... 221
Command Edit User Fields ......................................................................................................... 222
Command Replace Diameter ...................................................................................................... 224
Command Structure Table ......................................................................................................... 225
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Command Divide Pipe ................................................................................................................ 226
IDAS SUPPORT FILES .......................................................................................... 227
Assemblies Folder ............................................................................................. 227
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Devotech Conditional Road Edge Beam or Channel Subassembly ...................................... 230


Devotech Lane Subassembly..................................................................................................... 232
Devotech Sanral Cut Fill Subassembly ..................................................................................... 235
Devotech Sanral Median Barrier 1-4m with Retaining Wall .................................................... 239
How to Import Subassembly from PKT File ............................................................................. 240
Design Folder ..................................................................................................... 241
Hatch Folder ....................................................................................................... 242
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Help Folder ......................................................................................................... 242


NLM Folder ......................................................................................................... 242
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Plot Styles Folder ............................................................................................... 242


Reports ............................................................................................................... 242
Survey Folder ..................................................................................................... 244
Templates Folder ............................................................................................... 244
DEVOTECH DRAWING TEMPLATE MANUAL ..................................................... 246
Colours ......................................................................................................................................... 246
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Text (Font, Size) ........................................................................................................................... 247


Layers ........................................................................................................................................... 248
Coordinates.................................................................................................................................. 249
Chainage ...................................................................................................................................... 249
Drawing Source Template Version ............................................................................................ 250
Surface ................................................................................................................ 251
Surface Styles .............................................................................................................................. 251
Surface Labels ............................................................................................................................. 267
Slope Labels ............................................................................................................................... 267
Spot Elevation ............................................................................................................................ 267
Contours ..................................................................................................................................... 268

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Watershed .................................................................................................................................. 269


Surface Tables ............................................................................................................................. 269
Elevation ..................................................................................................................................... 269
Direction ..................................................................................................................................... 269
Slope .......................................................................................................................................... 270
Slope Arrow ................................................................................................................................ 270
Contour ....................................................................................................................................... 270
User Defined Contour ................................................................................................................. 271

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Watershed .................................................................................................................................. 271
Parcels ................................................................................................................ 272
Parcels Styles .............................................................................................................................. 272
Parcels Label Styles Area........................................................................................................ 272
Grading ............................................................................................................... 274
Grading styles.............................................................................................................................. 274

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Points .................................................................................................................. 275
Point Styles .................................................................................................................................. 275
Point Labels ................................................................................................................................. 275
Point tables .................................................................................................................................. 277

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Alignment ........................................................................................................... 280
Alignment Styles ......................................................................................................................... 280
Alignment Label Sets .................................................................................................................. 281
Station Offset Labels .................................................................................................................. 284
Line Labels ................................................................................................................................... 285
Curve Labels ................................................................................................................................ 285
Spiral Labels ................................................................................................................................ 287
Tangent Intersection ................................................................................................................... 288
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Curve Tables ................................................................................................................................ 288
Segment Tables (Setting Out Data Tables) ............................................................................... 290
Profile .................................................................................................................. 293
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Profile Styles ................................................................................................................................ 293


Label Styles.................................................................................................................................. 295
Label Sets .................................................................................................................................. 295
Profile View (Longsection) ................................................................................ 298
Profile View Styles ...................................................................................................................... 298
Profile View Styles for Split Profiles ......................................................................................... 300
Profile View Band Sets ............................................................................................................... 301
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Sample Lines ...................................................................................................... 308


Sample line styles ....................................................................................................................... 308
Sample line labels ....................................................................................................................... 308
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Section ................................................................................................................ 309


Section Styles .............................................................................................................................. 309
Section View ....................................................................................................... 310
Section View Styles ..................................................................................................................... 310
Section View Label Styles .......................................................................................................... 315
Offset Elevation .......................................................................................................................... 315
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Grade.......................................................................................................................................... 315
Bend Sets ..................................................................................................................................... 315
Table Styles.................................................................................................................................. 316
Total Volume .............................................................................................................................. 316
Material ....................................................................................................................................... 316
Mass Haul Line ................................................................................................... 317
Mass Haul View .................................................................................................. 317
Pipe Network ...................................................................................................... 318
Parts Lists .................................................................................................................................... 318
Sewer network part list ............................................................................................................... 318

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Storm water network part list ...................................................................................................... 320


Water network part list ................................................................................................................ 322
Pipe Styles ................................................................................................................................... 325
Structure Styles ........................................................................................................................... 327
Pipe Labels................................................................................................................................... 336
Plan Profile ................................................................................................................................. 336
Crossing Section ........................................................................................................................ 338
Structure Labels .......................................................................................................................... 339

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Pipe Tables................................................................................................................................... 341
Structure Tables .......................................................................................................................... 342
Interference Checks .................................................................................................................... 346
Shape Styles ....................................................................................................... 347
Code Set Styles .................................................................................................. 349
CIVIL 3D ESSENTIALS .......................................................................................... 351

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User Interface ..................................................................................................... 352
Overview....................................................................................................................................... 352
Workspaces ................................................................................................................................. 352
Ribbons ........................................................................................................................................ 353

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Static ribbon tabs ........................................................................................................................ 353
Contextual ribbon tabs ............................................................................................................... 353
Non-object select contextual tabs (purple) ................................................................................. 353
Section editor tab (blue) ............................................................................................................. 354
Multiple object select ribbon tabs ............................................................................................... 354
Toolspace ..................................................................................................................................... 354
Supported Autocad Commands for Civil 3D Objects ..................................... 358
Surfaces .............................................................................................................. 360
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Terms and definition ................................................................................................................... 360
Create surface from point file .................................................................................................... 361
Create surface from contours .................................................................................................... 363
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Create surface from 3D faces ..................................................................................................... 366


Create surface from Model Maker TOT file ............................................................................... 369
Create surface from Civil Designer DAT file ............................................................................. 369
Change surface style .................................................................................................................. 370
Add breaklines to surface .......................................................................................................... 372
Add surface labels ...................................................................................................................... 374
Slope labels ................................................................................................................................ 375
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Spot elevation labels .................................................................................................................. 376


Multiple contours labels .............................................................................................................. 377
Surface Analysis ......................................................................................................................... 378
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Elevation analysis ....................................................................................................................... 378


Slope analysis ............................................................................................................................ 379
Watershed analysis .................................................................................................................... 381
Water drop analysis .................................................................................................................... 382
Catchment area analysis ............................................................................................................ 383
Add surface outer boundary ...................................................................................................... 384
Set maximum triangle length ..................................................................................................... 385
Add surface table ........................................................................................................................ 386
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Grading (Platforms) ........................................................................................... 387


Create Grading............................................................................................................................. 387
Edit Grading ................................................................................................................................. 394
Sites .............................................................................................................................................. 395
Clean up grading ......................................................................................................................... 398
Tips for working with the grading objects ................................................................................ 405
Quantities ..................................................................................................................................... 406
Grading volume tools ................................................................................................................. 406
Volumes Dashboard ................................................................................................................... 408
Final surface ................................................................................................................................ 410

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Cogo Points ........................................................................................................ 413


Create random points ................................................................................................................. 413
Create points by measure object ............................................................................................... 415
Create point group and change label and marker ................................................................... 417
Renumber the points .................................................................................................................. 419
Create table .................................................................................................................................. 420
Export points ............................................................................................................................... 422

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Horizontal Alignment (HA) ................................................................................ 424
Alignment creation tools (Create alignment by layout)........................................................... 424
Create an alignment from objects ............................................................................................. 427
Alignment properties .................................................................................................................. 429
Alignment chainage labels ......................................................................................................... 430
Alignment labels .......................................................................................................................... 431
Setting out data tables ................................................................................................................ 432

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Alignment with horizontal curves ................................................................................................ 432
Straight alignment ...................................................................................................................... 434
Superelevation ............................................................................................................................. 437
Superelevation basics ................................................................................................................ 437
Calculate superelevation ............................................................................................................ 439

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Create superelevation for straight alignment manually .............................................................. 443
Superelevation view ................................................................................................................... 445
Vertical Alignment (VA) ..................................................................................... 447
Profile view................................................................................................................................... 447
Profile creation tools (Create profile by layout) ....................................................................... 452
Modify profile with the grip points............................................................................................. 456
Profile properties ......................................................................................................................... 457
Profile labels ................................................................................................................................ 458
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Profile view properties ................................................................................................................ 460
Profile view labels ....................................................................................................................... 464
Notes for working with profiles and profile views ................................................................... 466
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Assembly ............................................................................................................ 467


Corridors ............................................................................................................. 478
Introduction.................................................................................................................................. 478
Create corridor............................................................................................................................. 478
Create top surface from corridor ............................................................................................... 480
Add slope patterns to corridor ................................................................................................... 482
Create left and right road edge profiles for profile view bands .............................................. 483
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Dynamic profiles ......................................................................................................................... 483


Static profiles .............................................................................................................................. 483
Cross Sections ................................................................................................... 487
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Create Sample lines .................................................................................................................... 487


Create multiple section views .................................................................................................... 491
Corridor Quantities (Roads) .............................................................................. 497
Create datum surface from corridor .......................................................................................... 497
Cut and fill quantities .................................................................................................................. 499
Layerworks quantities ................................................................................................................ 503
Generate a volume report ........................................................................................................... 505
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Display materials in the cross sections .................................................................................... 508


Plan Production.................................................................................................. 510
Plan and profile............................................................................................................................ 510
Create sheet production template .............................................................................................. 510
Create view frames .................................................................................................................... 515
Create sheets ............................................................................................................................. 519
Cross sections ............................................................................................................................. 526
Create sheet production template .............................................................................................. 526
Create cross sections for sheet production ................................................................................ 531
Create sheets ............................................................................................................................. 533

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Road Widening ................................................................................................... 536


Intersection Design ............................................................................................ 540
Design intersection automatically ............................................................................................. 540
Design intersection manually .................................................................................................... 540
Cul-de-sac design .............................................................................................. 552
DATA SHORTCUTS............................................................................................... 565

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PIPE NETWORK DESIGN...................................................................................... 573
Pipe Network Catalog ........................................................................................ 573
Network Parts List ....................................................................................................................... 574
Import pipe types from one part list to another one ................................................................ 578
Trapezoidal Channels ................................................................................................................. 581
Add channel size from the list .................................................................................................... 581

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Add user defined channel size and side slope ........................................................................... 583
Pipe and structure rules .................................................................................... 590
Pipes rules ................................................................................................................................... 590
Structure rules ............................................................................................................................. 592
Modify rules ................................................................................................................................. 593

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Create pipe network in plan .............................................................................. 595
Create pipe network with using of Pipe Network Creation Tools .......................................... 595
Create pipe network from object ............................................................................................... 596
Create pipe network from multiple objects .............................................................................. 597
Pipe network from GIS data-(shp file) ....................................................................................... 597
Create profile view (longsection) for pipe network ......................................... 602
Create profile view manually ...................................................................................................... 602
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Create profile view automatically .............................................................................................. 604
Profile view styles and band set styles ..................................................................................... 605
Settings for band set which has in description Levels at Structure & Interval ................. 606
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Profile view band labels are not in the correct position ......................................................... 608
Profile view labels are not displayed ........................................................................................ 609
Distance band labels display question marks ......................................................................... 609
How to update change in direction band .................................................................................. 611
How to use NMBM sewer longsection styles ........................................................................... 613
Tools for pipe network editing .......................................................................... 619
Edit pipe network ........................................................................................................................ 619
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Edit or adjust invert levels .......................................................................................................... 619


Insert structure ............................................................................................................................ 621
Insert structure at a specific chainage ...................................................................................... 622
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Insert structure in profile view ................................................................................................... 622


Connect pipe to structure ........................................................................................................... 622
Move structure in profile view.................................................................................................... 623
Swap part and swap multiple parts ........................................................................................... 623
Change pipe properties .............................................................................................................. 624
Change structure properties ...................................................................................................... 624
Rename pipes and structures .................................................................................................... 625
Merge pipe networks ................................................................................................................... 627
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Services .............................................................................................................. 628


Services as COGO points ........................................................................................................... 628
Services as pipe network ........................................................................................................... 632
Draw a pipe network in the cross sections ...................................................... 638
Add pipe and structure labels ........................................................................... 640
Insert labels.................................................................................................................................. 640
Move labels .................................................................................................................................. 641
Storm Water Network......................................................................................... 643
Catchments .................................................................................................................................. 643

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Create catchments (parcels) in Civil 3D ..................................................................................... 643


Catchment (parcel) table ............................................................................................................ 646
Modify catchment (parcel) geometry .......................................................................................... 647
Catchment properties in iDAS .................................................................................................... 648
Catchment properties in SSA ..................................................................................................... 668
Export catchments to SSA ......................................................................................................... 671
Storm water network analysis in iDAS ...................................................................................... 672
Settings for the Rational method ................................................................................................ 672

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Settings for the Epaswmm method ............................................................................................ 674
Losses ........................................................................................................................................ 676
Mannings roughness coefficient ................................................................................................ 677
Run analysis and analysis results .............................................................................................. 678
Update profile view and part properties ..................................................................................... 682
Storm water network analysis in SSA ....................................................................................... 684
Export network and catchments from Civil 3D to SSA ............................................................... 684

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Import pipe network to SSA........................................................................................................ 687
Settings for Rational method ...................................................................................................... 688
Settings for Epaswmm method .................................................................................................. 693
Exit/bend losses ......................................................................................................................... 699
Import catchments ...................................................................................................................... 699

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Run analysis and analysis results .............................................................................................. 700
Output animation ........................................................................................................................ 702
Time series plot (hydrographs) .................................................................................................. 703
Import results from SSA to Civil 3D longsection ........................................................................ 704
Pipe network optimization when using DPX............................................................................... 707
Sewer .................................................................................................................. 708
Sewer house connections .......................................................................................................... 708
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Sewer inflow definition ............................................................................................................... 714
Water network analysis in iDAS and DPX ........................................................ 716
Reservoir ...................................................................................................................................... 716
Tanks ............................................................................................................................................ 716
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Pumps ........................................................................................................................................... 717


Demands ...................................................................................................................................... 718
Roughness coefficient ................................................................................................................ 718
Analysis ........................................................................................................................................ 719
Water network analysis in Epanet .................................................................... 721
Solving problems during importing pipe network to Epanet ....................................................... 726
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Update profile view and parts properties ........................................................ 727


Hydrology and energy grade lines (HGL and EGL) ......................................... 730
Storm water and sewer networks .............................................................................................. 730
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Water networks ............................................................................................................................ 732


Volume calculations and quantities ................................................................. 733
Trenches according to SABS 1200 and quantities .................................................................. 733
Non-standard trenches ............................................................................................................... 736
EXPORT PIPE DATA TO VENT-O-MAT ............................................................. 755
Horizontal and vertical bends ........................................................................... 756
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Pipe network tables ........................................................................................... 757


Pipe tables.................................................................................................................................... 757
Structure tables ........................................................................................................................... 759
Plan production for pipe networks ................................................................... 760
Export pipe network data .................................................................................. 761
Interference check ............................................................................................. 762
Detention pond design in SSA .......................................................................... 767
TRAINING VIDEOS ................................................................................................ 775
Overview videos ................................................................................................. 775

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Pipe networks - miscellaneous ......................................................................... 775


Water reticulation design and analysis ......................................................... 776
Bulk water networks .......................................................................................... 776
Storm water networks ........................................................................................ 776
Tools for surfaces .............................................................................................. 777
Plan production .................................................................................................. 777

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IDAS COMMAND LOCATION IN NEW RIBBON ................................................... 778
General................................................................................................................ 778
Register your software ............................................................................................................... 778
Support ......................................................................................................................................... 778
Members Portal........................................................................................................................... 779
Website ......................................................................................................................................... 779

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Training ........................................................................................................................................ 780
Project Manager........................................................................................................................... 780
Survey ................................................................................................................. 781
Link Points by Description ......................................................................................................... 781
Surfaces .............................................................................................................. 782

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SA Coord (Translate data to a South African View) ................................................................. 782
Lo System .................................................................................................................................... 782
Survey Grid .................................................................................................................................. 783
Point Array ................................................................................................................................... 783
Points Station Offset ................................................................................................................... 784
Offset Points ................................................................................................................................ 784
Model Maker (TOT) ...................................................................................................................... 785
Civil Designer (DAT) .................................................................................................................... 785
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Export Model Maker (TOT) .......................................................................................................... 786
Stage Storage .............................................................................................................................. 786
Parcels ................................................................................................................ 787
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Parcel Style .................................................................................................................................. 787


Parcel Factors .............................................................................................................................. 787
Zoning Table ................................................................................................................................ 788
Parcels to SSA ............................................................................................................................. 789
Parcels from SSA ........................................................................................................................ 789
Grading ............................................................................................................... 790
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Platform Layerworks ................................................................................................................... 790


Alignments ......................................................................................................... 791
Alignment from File ..................................................................................................................... 791
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Alignments from Polylines ......................................................................................................... 791


Rename Alignment ...................................................................................................................... 792
Change Labels ............................................................................................................................. 792
Zoom Profile View ....................................................................................................................... 793
Profiles ................................................................................................................ 794
Profile Pipes ................................................................................................................................. 794
Compare Profiles ......................................................................................................................... 794
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Export Profile ............................................................................................................................... 795


Export All Profiles ....................................................................................................................... 796
PV Lengths ................................................................................................................................... 797
Cleanup PV................................................................................................................................... 797
Zoom Alignment .......................................................................................................................... 798
PV Datasource ............................................................................................................................. 799
Add Surface PV............................................................................................................................ 799
Roads .................................................................................................................. 800
Rehab 1 ......................................................................................................................................... 800
Rehab 2 ......................................................................................................................................... 801
PointOnSection............................................................................................................................ 802

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Road Design Wizard .................................................................................................................... 803


Intersection PVI ........................................................................................................................... 803
Intersection Design ..................................................................................................................... 804
Intersection Check ...................................................................................................................... 804
Rebuild Auto ................................................................................................................................ 805
SwapAssemblies ......................................................................................................................... 806
Storm water & sewer.......................................................................................... 807

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CDes Sewer .................................................................................................................................. 807
CDes Storm Water ....................................................................................................................... 807
TechnoCAD Sewer ...................................................................................................................... 808
Multiple objects ........................................................................................................................... 809
Import INP .................................................................................................................................... 810
CSV-CE (Chainage and Elevation) ............................................................................................. 811
Juno ST ........................................................................................................................................ 811

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Find P/S ........................................................................................................................................ 812
Move Structure ............................................................................................................................ 812
Edit Structure ............................................................................................................................... 812
Delete Structure ........................................................................................................................... 813
Insert Structure ............................................................................................................................ 813
Swap Structures .......................................................................................................................... 813

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Structure Table ............................................................................................................................ 814
Set Inverts .................................................................................................................................... 814
Swap Pipes................................................................................................................................... 814
Connect Pipes.............................................................................................................................. 815
Grade Elevation ........................................................................................................................... 815
Divide Pipe at Interval ................................................................................................................. 815
Apply Rules .................................................................................................................................. 816
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Swap Pipe Direction .................................................................................................................... 817
Flow Directions ............................................................................................................................ 818
Automap ....................................................................................................................................... 819
Reference Surface ....................................................................................................................... 819
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Global Edit .................................................................................................................................... 819


Replace Pipe Diameter ................................................................................................................ 820
Duplicates .................................................................................................................................... 820
Catchments .................................................................................................................................. 821
Optimize ....................................................................................................................................... 822
SW Manager ................................................................................................................................. 823
Junction Types ............................................................................................................................ 824
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Parcel Zones ................................................................................................................................ 825


House Connect Sewer ............................................................................................................. 826
Sewer Analysis ............................................................................................................................ 826
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Sewer Optimize ............................................................................................................................ 827


Stormwater Analysis ................................................................................................................... 827
Import Culverts ............................................................................................................................ 828
Structure to Inlets ........................................................................................................................ 829
Water ................................................................................................................... 830
CDes Water .................................................................................................................................. 830
Multiple objects ........................................................................................................................... 831
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Import INP .................................................................................................................................... 832


CSV-CE (Chainage and Elevation .............................................................................................. 832
CSV-SS (Structure to Structure) ................................................................................................ 833
Juno ST ........................................................................................................................................ 834
Find P/S ........................................................................................................................................ 835
Move Structure ............................................................................................................................ 835
Edit Structure ............................................................................................................................... 835
Delete Structure ........................................................................................................................... 835
Insert Structure ............................................................................................................................ 836
Swap Structures .......................................................................................................................... 836
Structure Table ............................................................................................................................ 836

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Set Inverts .................................................................................................................................... 836


Swap Pipes................................................................................................................................... 837
Connect Pipes.............................................................................................................................. 837
Grade Elevation ........................................................................................................................... 837
Divide Pipe at Interval ................................................................................................................. 837
Apply rules ................................................................................................................................... 838
AutoMap ....................................................................................................................................... 838
Global Edit .................................................................................................................................... 838

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Replace Pipe Diameter ................................................................................................................ 839
Duplicates .................................................................................................................................... 839
Update Profile View Bands ......................................................................................................... 840
Vent-O-Mat ................................................................................................................................... 840
QTY ............................................................................................................................................... 841
House Connect Water .............................................................................................................. 841
Pipe Jacking................................................................................................................................. 842

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Water ............................................................................................................................................. 842

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INDEX
A

About ............................................................................................................................................... 33
Add Surface..................................................................................................................................... 93

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Adjust Inverts ................................................................................................................................ 215
Alignments from Polylines ............................................................................................................ 88
Automap ........................................................................................................................................ 219

Calculate Inlets ............................................................................................................................. 160

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Change Labels ................................................................................................................................ 84
Clean Up .......................................................................................................................................... 96
Compare Profiles .................................................................................................................. 103, 104
Connect Pipes ............................................................................................................................... 218

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D

Delete Structure ............................................................................................................................ 203


Divide Pipe .................................................................................................................................... 226

E
H
Edit Structure ................................................................................................................................ 206
Edit User Fields ............................................................................................................................ 222
Explode Polyline OD .................................................................................................................... 178
EC

Export All Profiles ........................................................................................................................ 101


Export Band Settings ................................................................................................................... 102
Export Parcels ................................................................................................................................ 82
Export Pipe Branch ...................................................................................................................... 171
Export Profile .................................................................................................................................. 99
Export TOT ...................................................................................................................................... 66
Extract Regions .............................................................................................................................. 77
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Extract Surface ............................................................................................................................... 75

F
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Find Part ........................................................................................................................................ 209

Grade Pipes ................................................................................................................................... 210


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Help .................................................................................................................................................. 36
House Connections ...................................................................................................................... 169

Import Alignment ............................................................................................................................ 86

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Import CD Sewer ........................................................................................................................... 179


Import CD Storm ........................................................................................................................... 181
Import CD Water ........................................................................................................................... 183
Import CSV CE .............................................................................................................................. 185
Import CSV SS .............................................................................................................................. 188
Import Culverts ..................................................................................................................... 174, 192
Import DAT ...................................................................................................................................... 68
Import INP...................................................................................................................................... 194

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Import Juno ................................................................................................................................... 201
Import Parcels ................................................................................................................................. 81
Import TechnoCAD ....................................................................................................................... 199
Import TOT ...................................................................................................................................... 64
Insert Structure ............................................................................................................................. 204
Installation ....................................................................................................................................... 18
Intersection Check ....................................................................................................................... 124

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Intersection PVI ............................................................................................................................ 125
Intersection Wizard ...................................................................................................................... 113

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Layerworks ...................................................................................................................................... 73
Link Points ...................................................................................................................................... 59
Lo System ........................................................................................................................................ 56

M
H
Move Structure ............................................................................................................................. 202

N
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Network license .............................................................................................................................. 26

Offset Points ................................................................................................................................... 48


T

P
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Parcel Manager ............................................................................................................................... 79


Plan Wizard ................................................................................................................................... 123
Point Array ...................................................................................................................................... 47
Point from Section ........................................................................................................................ 131
Points Station Offset ...................................................................................................................... 49
Portal ................................................................................................................................................ 37
Profile from Pipes ........................................................................................................................... 91
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Rebuild Auto ................................................................................................................................. 145


Refresh Split Views ...................................................................................................................... 176
Register ........................................................................................................................................... 24
Remove Duplicates ...................................................................................................................... 221
Rename Alignment ......................................................................................................................... 85
Replace Diameter ......................................................................................................................... 224
Road Rehab 1 ................................................................................................................................ 141
Road Rehab 2 ................................................................................................................................ 142

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SA Coordinates ............................................................................................................................... 61
Set Datasource ............................................................................................................................... 95
Set Lengths ..................................................................................................................................... 94
Set Ref Surface ............................................................................................................................. 220
Sewer Wizard ................................................................................................................................ 148

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Smooth Profile ................................................................................................................................ 98
Standalone license ......................................................................................................................... 24
Structure Table ............................................................................................................................. 225
Support ............................................................................................................................................ 34
Survey Grid ..................................................................................................................................... 42
Swap Pipes .................................................................................................................................... 214
Swap Structures ........................................................................................................................... 213

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Training............................................................................................................................................ 40
Transfer iDAS standalone license ................................................................................................ 29

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Update Bands................................................................................................................................ 173

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H
Video Training ................................................................................................................................. 41
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Water Manger ................................................................................................................................ 165


Water Wizard ................................................................................................................................. 166
Website ............................................................................................................................................ 39
Whats New....................................................................................................................................... 38
T

Z
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Zoom Profile View .......................................................................................................................... 90


Zoom to Alignment ....................................................................................................................... 106
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DISCLAIMER

This publication and all information contained herein are made available by Devotech Africa CC as
is. Devotech Africa CC disclaims all warranties, either expressed or implied, including but not limited

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to any implied warranties of merchantability for a particular purpose regarding the material provided.

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Devotech iDAS-DPX-Civil 3D Help Page 17 of 842

IDAS INTRODUCTION
Devotech Infrastructure Design Automation Suite (iDAS) has started off as Devotech
Professional Extensions (DPX) for Civil 3D. The DPX was an application built on the request of our
customers over the past 9 years. We received a huge amount of requests to improve the design
processes in Civil 3D, and from these requests iDAS was born. iDAS contains all the features of DPX
plus all the new and existing features created for this new and exciting product.

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We have a lot of people to thank and acknowledge for the inputs into this new development. Their
generous sharing of data, time and energy made many of the features in this release possible. We
learn as much from our clients as we ever teach them.

DPX was introduced in 2005 as a free product that only consisted of a basic design template, and a
few functions that did basic tasks. Over the past few years, DPX and iDAS has evolved from a small

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tool to a mature design environment used worldwide to handle the most complex engineering designs,
in a fraction of the normal time spent on designs.

We believe that iDAS will bring drastic change to your current workflows, and profitability to your
company, and we would appreciate any feedback on the software.

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The Autodesk Autodesk AutoCAD Civil 3D learning curve is steep, but we believe that we can reduce
the time to do any design task drastically with iDAS. Throughout this manual, we have indicated the
time saving by using iDAS features, by comparing the two design environments:
Autodesk Autodesk AutoCAD Civil 3D
Autodesk Autodesk AutoCAD Civil 3D with iDAS.
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Note 1: The alias iDAS for Devotech Infrastructure Design Automation Suite will be used
throughout this document.
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Note 2: The alias DPX for Devotech Professional Extensions will be used throughout this
document.

Note 3: The alias SSA for Storm and Sanitary Analysis will be used throughout this document.

Note 4: The alias C3D for Autodesk AutoCAD Civil 3D will be used throughout this document.
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Note 5: Some commands are only available in iDAS.


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IDAS INSTALLATION
STANDARD INSTALLATION
1. Close Autodesk AutoCAD Civil 3D

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2. Uninstall all previous versions of DPX and iDAS. The newer versions can be uninstalled directly
from the Start All Programs Devotech:

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Older versions have to be uninstalled only from the Control panel Programs and features.
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3. Double click on the installation file (.exe file) which you downloaded and perform the installation.
You can keep all the default settings throughout the installation.
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4. Start-up Autodesk AutoCAD Civil 3D and the ribbon should appear:

Ribbon:
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If iDAS ribbon does not appear in Civil 3D then type command RELOADIDASCUI into command line.

See chapter Command Register for details about product registration for standalone and network
licenses.

iDAS and DPX files are installed in the following folder:


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C:\ProgramData\Autodesk\ApplicationPlugins\DEVOTECH.Bundle

This folder contains all support files like templates, pipe catalogue, IDF curves, CTB file, hatch pattern
for town planners, help file etc., see chapter iDAS SUPPORT FILES.

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COMMAND LINE PARAMETERS INSTALLATION


IDAS can be installed with the command line installation. The following parameters can be used:

/SILENT, /VERYSILENT
Instructs Setup to be silent or very silent. When Setup is silent the wizard
and the background window are not displayed but the installation progress

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window is. When a setup is very silent this installation progress window is not
displayed. Everything else is normal so for example error messages during
installation are displayed.

/SUPPRESSMSGBOXES
Instructs Setup to suppress message boxes. Only has an effect when combined with '/SILENT' or
'/VERYSILENT'.

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The default response in situations where there's a choice is:
Yes in a 'Keep newer file?' situation.
No in a 'File exists, confirm overwrite.' situation.
Abort in Abort/Retry situations.

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Cancel in Retry/Cancel situations.
Yes (=continue) in a
DiskSpaceWarning/DirExists/DirDoesntExist/NoUninstallWarning/ExitSetupMessage/ConfirmUnin
stall situation.

These message boxes are not suppressible:


The About Setup message box.
The Exit Setup? message box.
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/CLOSEAPPLICATIONS
Instructs Setup to close applications using files that need to be updated by Setup if possible.
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/USENLM=True
Indicates whether the license is a network license or not. If "True" is provided then a network license is
used, otherwise if "False" is provided a single user license is used.

/IPADDRESS=127.0.0.1
Supply an IP address of the network license server, where "127.0.0.1" must be changed to the license
servers IP address.
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/HOSTNAME=localhost
The host name of the network license server where "hostname" is the actual host name of the server.
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/PORT=1245
The port of the network license server, default is 1245

Example of Network Silent Setup:


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"Devotech iDAS 9.0.0.0 RC2 Setup.exe" /VERYSILENT /SUPPRESSMSGBOXES


/CLOSEAPPLICATIONS /USENLM=True /IPADDRESS=127.0.0.1 /HOSTNAME=localhost
/PORT=1245

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GENERAL INFORMATION
RESET WINDOW POSITION
iDAS windows remember the last position on the screen. If you disconnect the screen, on which iDAS
window was displayed, then iDAS window will remain at its position and therefore it will not be visible.

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To reset the iDAS window position, press F12 on the keyboard. This command will move the iDAS
window to the centre of your primary screen.

TEMPLATE/DRAWING SIZE AND OPENING TIME

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Devotech Civil 3D template (see chapter DEVOTECH DRAWING TEMPLATE MANUAL for details)
contains an extensive library of pipes and structures developed over many years which are saved in
the parts lists. They have an impact on the drawing opening time as well as on the drawing size. If you
know that your drawing will not contain any pipes or structures then you can delete parts lists to
decrease the drawing opening time as well as the drawing size. The table below compares the

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drawing size and opening time of the drawings based on Devotech template version 115 with and
without parts lists (Civil 3D 2017 was used for testing):
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To delete parts lists, go to Toolspace Settings Pipe Network Parts Lists, right click on the
parts list and select Delete from the menu. Delete only following part lists: Sewer, Stormwater and
Water. If you delete all the part lists then accidental click on the command Create Network by Layout
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will cause Civil 3D to freeze for few seconds because it will have to create some parts in the Standard
part list.
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The Stormwater parts list has an orange triangle next to the name which means that this parts list is
used in the settings and it cannot be deleted. First you have to replace this style in the settings with
another style and then it can be deleted. Right click on the stormwater parts list and use command
Replace With from the menu:

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As a replacement style use Standard:
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Delete the Stormwater parts list with the Delete command from the right click menu.
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IDAS COMMANDS
HOW TO ACCESS IDAS COMMANDS
iDAS commands can be accessed from the:

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iDAS menu:

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iDAS ribbon:
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iDAS toolbars:
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iDAS toolbar examples:

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Right click menu: some objects offer iDAS commands in the right click menu. Example below shows
iDAS commands available for horizontal alignments:

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Command line: commands can be typed into the command line. Custom keyboard shortcuts can be
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set in the acad.pgp file. The list of all the commands is currently not available because the commands
are continuously changing as the development is transitioning to new programing enviroment.
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COMMANDS FROM RESOURCES PANEL

Command Register

License management was simplified in iDAS. The licensing is managed through a license server,
which allows you to activate your license 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

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You can also do the following with your license:
Transfer your license back to the license server, to be registered on another workstation;
Remake license in case the license got damaged;
Destroy the license file (Please, only use this if a Devotech Support Engineer ask you to do
so. Destroying a license without verification from a Devotech Support Engineer, may lead to
repurchasing of the license;
Update your personal information.

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Standalone license

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1. Click on the command Register:
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2. Choose the standalone product you want to activate (current version does not contain DPX)
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3. If you were provided with the Activation Key (most of the time via email when you purchase iDAS)
then use the Automatic Activation, copy and paste Activation Key into the available field and click on
Auto Activate. Once you insert Activation Key the Personal Information are automatically filled:
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If you do not have the Activation Key then use Manual Activation. Copy Registration ID from the
iDAS Activation Manager and send it via email to activations@devotech.co.za together with your
name, surname and company name:

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Once you receive License Key via email, copy it to clipboard (CTRL+C), open iDAS Activation
Manager again, paste it (CTRL+V) under License Key and click on Manual Activate, see following
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page:
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If the registration was successful then Information window with Activation Complete message will
appear on the screen:

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Network license

Make sure that your server has Network License Manager installed and the licenses are registered.
More details can be found in the Devotech iDAS Network License Manager help file which is in
the following folder:
C:\ProgramData\Autodesk\ApplicationPlugins\DEVOTECH.Bundle\Contents\Support\Help,

or on the server in the following folder (only if Network License Manager was installed on the server):

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C:\Program Files (x86)\Devotech Africa

Go to iDAS ribbon and click on command Register:

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Click on button Register iDAS Network:

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Under Status use option Enable Network License, fill up Server IP Address and Server Name:
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Use Test License button to test the license. If the license is provided then click OK. If the license is
not provided then see further the possible reasons which might cause this issue.

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Possible reasons which might cause the problems with the network license:

1. The server is switched off. Start up the server.

2. Check if you can reach the server from the user's machine. If not, then the problem is caused by
the network.

3. Check the traffic on the server. If the server is very busy, then it might struggle to provide the

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license within specific time frame. See the next point which might help to solve this issue.

4. Go to user's machine, close Civil 3D, browse to:


C:\ProgramData\Autodesk\ApplicationPlugins\DEVOTECH.Bundle\Contents\Windows,
open IDASkey.ini file and change TimeOut to 60 and UseNLM to True:

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5. NetKey License Server is not running on the server. Check if highlighted icon in the print screen
below appears on the server:
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If the icon above is not visible then start up NetKey License Server:
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6. Number of licenses is used up. Open NetKey License Server (double click on the icon in the task
bar shown in the point above) and check User Count value against Max User value:

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If these values are equal then maximum number of licenses is used up. The list of users is shown
under the Processes.
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If the license is not provided then contact Devotech Africa via email (support@devotech.co.za) or call
+27 12 547 7873 for technical assistance.
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Transfer iDAS standalone license

If you want to transfer your license from one workstation to another, you can do it by using the license
transfer utility. This utility only works if the Automatic Activation with the Activation Key was used.
To find out which option was used for the activation, go to command Register in the iDAS ribbon:

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If the iDAS Activation Key field is empty then Manual Activation was used:

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To reactivate the iDAS with the Automatic Activation, send an email to activations@devotech.co.za
together with your name, surname and company name and specify that you require Activation Key for
being able to transfer the license.
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Once you receive Activation Key, open iDAS registration window again, go to Tools and use
command Destroy License:
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In the License Destruction window use option Destroy:

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After successful desctruction the Destroy Code is shown as well as Date and Time of the destroy:
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Close License Destruction window and open Register window:


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Copy Activation Key you received, paste it to Activation Key field and click on Auto Activate:

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Open Register window with command Register in the ribbon iDAS:
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and check if iDAS Activation Key is shown. If yes, then the license can be transferred:
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Go to Tools and use command Transfer License from the menu:

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Paste your Activation Key in the text box provided, and select Auto Transfer. Your license file is now
available on our Activation server to be registered on a new workstation.
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To register iDAS on a new workstation, follow the Register your software as previously explained.
Use the same Activation Key to register your software on the new workstation.
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Command About

To find out the details about installed iDAS version, click on command About:

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About window:

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Command Support

Command Support can be used to establish a remote session with Devotech Africa support team.

1. Click on command Support:

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2. If you have valid support contract click on Continue with Remote Support Session:
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This will open the www.fastsupport.com web page in your default internet browser.
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3. Call the Devotech Africa support desk. Fill in your name and the Support Engineer will provide you
with a support key to start the remote session. After the session is started, the Support Engineer will
be able to see your screen or to share his screen with you.

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Command Help

To open help file use command Help:

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This command opens iDAS and DPX help file in pdf. It contains following chapters:
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Command Portal

Devotech Africa Members Portal is a communication channel with our clients. If you click on the
command Portal, your internet browser will open Devotech portal website (also called Devotech Africa
Zendesk portal). You can either log in, if you already have logging details, or you can sign up.

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Example of Devotech portal web page:


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Command Whats New

This command opens web page with information about new features and development in the latest
release.

To open Whats New web page use command Whats New:

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Command Website

If you need to access the Devotech Africa website, click on the command Website:

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Devotech Africas website will be opened in your default internet browser.
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Command Training

If you want to get more information about our training schedule, click on the command Training:

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This function will open the Devotech Africa training schedule on our web page in your default internet
browser:

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Please call Devotech Africa on 012 547 78783 If you have any individual request for training or
implementation.
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Command Video Training

If you want to watch Devotech Africa training videos, click on command Video Training:

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POINTS

Command Survey Grid

1. Survey Grids are often needed for civil engineering projects. To create it, first draw closed polyline
to specify the area which you want to create a survey grid in, and then click on the command
Points Survey Grid:

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2. Specify the grid spacing. If you select Draw Grid as Marker (Cross) then the option Grid Size

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becomes available. Otherwise grid lines will be created as the continuous lines (full grid):
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3. Select OK, and then select the polyline that indicates the border of the survey grid.
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Survey grid point style and label style are not driven by point group. If the point style or label must be
changed (e.g. X and Y values should not be swapped and multiplied by -1) then there are two options:

Option 1: Select points, right click and use command Edit Points from the menu:

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Right click on the Style or Point Label Style heading and use command Edit:
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Specify the style to be used (image below shows the label style which does not swap X and Y
coordinates and the values are not multiplied by -1, the coordinates show Civil 3D model space
coordinates):
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If the label style is set to <None> then the points display label which is set in the SurveyGrid point
group properties. Go to SurveyGrid point group properties:

CA
RI
Set the point label style to <None>:

AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Option 2: Right click on the SurveyGrid point group in the Prospector and use command
Properties:

CA
RI
AF
Go to Overrides tab and override point Style and Point Label Style:
H
EC

If you need to move only X or only Y coordinate, select the label, hover the mouse over rectangular
T

grip point and select command Toggle sub items grips:


VO
DE

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It will offer another two grip points, one for X coordinate and one for Y coordinate:

CA
RI
The labels can be moved independently:

AF
H
EC

TIP: Create survey grid in the new empty drawing and xref it into your plan production drawings to
T

keep your design drawing as small as possible.


VO
DE

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Command Point Array

Point array is often used in mining industry. You can create points on a specified grid interval and then
export them to a point file or create tables etc.

1. To create point array first draw closed polyline to specify area in which you want to create point
array in, then click on the command Points Point Array:

CA
RI
AF
H
2. Select the surface to create the point array from, and then select the boundary polyline.
EC

3. Specify grid spacing and click OK:


T
VO

Small dots in the image below are created COGO points. You can set the point style, label style etc.
as for any other COGO point.
DE

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Command Offset Points

This command creates offsets from points which are laying on the alignment. This is very useful for
cases where line survey was done and surface is needed for a design. If the survey points are lying on
the line then triangulation cannot be done. Offset Points command creates new points which can be
used for triangulation. The bigger is the offset the bigger is the inaccuracy.

CA
1. Create horizontal alignment which goes through the COGO points. There are different options
how to achieve this task:
a) Use iDAS command Alignments Import Alignment (use modified text file which was used
to create COGO points).
b) Create polyline from coordinates by using copy and paste and convert polyline to an alignment.
c) Create lines by point number range, convert lines to polylines, join polylines and covert polyline
to an alignment.

RI
d) Manually.

2. Click on command Points Offset Points:


AF
H
T EC

3. Select the alignment.

4. Specify offset:
VO
DE

Created offset points:

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Command Points Station Offset

This command assigns alignment name, station and offset to COGO points. If a drawing is based on
Devotech Africa template then COGO points have Alignment, Offset and Chainage properties:

CA
RI
To add values to these properties, use command PointsStationOffset in the ribbon SURFACES:

AF
H
Select COGO points you want to assign the values for and hit Enter. If you want to use only points
EC

from the specific group, select required group in the opened window, select an alignment name and
click OK.
T
VO

The values are written into points properties:


DE

At this stage, the values do not update dynamically so if any changes are done on points or
alignments, then the user has to rerun this command.

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Command Import GPX

This command imports points from a Garmin GPS into Civil 3D. Import points from Garmin into Base
Camp software:

CA
RI
AF
H
Go to File Export and export points to GPX format:
T EC
VO
DE

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Check what position is used. Still in the Base Camp go to Options and check the Position in the
Measurement tab:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Go to one of the user points and check which longitude is used (it can be found under Position):

CA
RI
AF
Go to Civil 3D Toolspace Settings, right click on the drawing name and use command Edit
Drawing Settings:
H
T EC

Set up the correct coordinate system in the Units and Zone tab:
VO
DE

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Use command Points Import GPX:

CA
RI
AF
H
Browse for the GPX file
T EC

Imported points:
VO
DE

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Command Export GPX

This command exports COGO points to GPX format for use in Garmin Base Map software or Garmin
GPS:

Click on command Points Export GPX:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

Specify file name and location:


T
VO

Open Garmin Base Map software and use command File Import:
DE

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Select GPX file:

CA
RI
AF
H
Imported points in Map Base:
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Lo System

With this tool you can:


1. Check your project location if you know the Lat Long or YX coordinates;
2. Determine which Lo system to use for your project;
3. Determine the block plans to use for your SHP files;
4. Convert coordinates between Lo systems;

CA
5. Import YX files, and convert them to Lat Long coordinates;
6. Export converted coordinates to a file;
7. Create COGO points in your design from the coordinate lists that was converted.

1. Click on the command Points Lo System:

RI
AF
H
EC

2. Select your input format. Set your Lo system that you want to work in. By entering your
coordinates on the dialog, a red marker will display the location of your point. To determine the
Lo system for the coordinate, look at which band the red marker is in, and read off the Lo
value.
T
VO
DE

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3. To convert YX files from Hartebeesthoek to Lat Long the user has to add Lo number into the
csv file at the first column. The example below shows Lo 27:

CA
Go to the Points tab, and then click the Import button. Select the file that you want to import.

RI
AF
4. To export the data from your point list, go to the Points tab, and then click the Export button:
H
T EC

5. To add point to your list, enter the values of your YX or Lat Long coordinates that must be
converted, as well as the Lo system for the projection, and then click the button next to the
VO

Decimal Degree coordinate:


DE

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6. Go to the Points tab and select the Create COGO Points button if you want to create COGO
points from the coordinates in the list:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Link Points

This function allows you to connect survey points with similar descriptions, to easily convert into
survey feature lines.

1. Click on command Points Link Points:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

2. Select a survey point that you would like to connect. (In this case ET)
T
VO

Before After
DE

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Command Rename Points

This command renames points sequentially according to defined settings. New name can be written
either to point name or to point description. Points are listed and renamed in the point number order.
This tool is very useful for bellmouth setting out points.

1. Click on command Points Rename Points

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

2. Specify Prefix, Starting Value and Postfix and click on Apply to preview the Output. If you
are happy with the result, specify if the renaming should be applied to point Name or Raw
Description and click OK.
T
VO
DE

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SURFACES

Command SA Coordinates

If your surface is in the wrong quadrant of a coordinate system then you have to apply the South
African coordinate translation.

CA
In South Africa, surveying is done on a local coordinate system that is positioned at 2 degree bands. If
you have a coordinate (10, 20) in a local coordinate system, the point will be plotted in the third
quadrant. (Bottom left position on the grid)
If we plot the same point in the World coordinate, the point will be plotted in the first quadrant. (Top
right)
Now, if we import survey data into a CAD system, the data is located in the first quadrant instead of
the third quadrant. In other words, the north direction of our survey, is now actually pointing south. To

RI
fix this problem, we can either mirror the data around the 45 degree axis, or alternatively, we can swap
the X and Y values, and multiply both with (-1).

This can also be achieved by using the SA Coordinates function.

AF
Always confirm the orientation of your data with other maps, plans or cadastral data to ensure
that your data is displayed in the correct quadrant.
H
EC

1. Click on the command Surfaces SA Coordinates:


T
VO

2. Select the objects and right click to finish the selection.


DE

Before After

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Command Polyline Elevations

This command assigns the elevations to polylines at zero elevation from the text which overlap
polyline or which is close to the polyline:

Drawing example (contours with text):

CA
RI
AF
To assign elevations to polyline click on the command Polyline Elevations:
H
EC

Specify whether you want to assign elevations to single or multiple polylines:


T
VO

Specify source contour layer:


DE

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Specify source text elevation layer:

CA
RI
Specify processed contour elevation layer (if contour does not have a text to assign elevation from, it
will not be processed and user can visually check which contours were not processed):

AF
H
Specify distance tolerance in meters (text does not need to overlap with polyline, it must be just close
EC

to polyline within the tolerance distance):


T

Processed polylines (magenta polylines are processed polylines, some polylines were not processed
because distance tolerance was set too small):
VO
DE

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Command Import TOT

In South African practice, the surveyors often provide designers with surface data in .tot files. To
convert these files into Autodesk AutoCAD Civil 3D surface, follow these steps:

1. Click on the command Import TOT:

CA
RI
2. Browse for .tot file.

AF
3. Specify the name and choose options you want to apply:
H
T EC
VO
DE

a) Ignore 1st Line in TOT File use this option if the first line (row) does not contain information
about point description and coordinates (Y, X, Z):

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This option also has to be used if the first two columns contain the same coordinates:

CA
b) Swap YX columns use this option if you know that Y and X must be swapped or if created
surface is rotated.

c) Apply South African Coordinate Translation if you know that data will need to be rotated

RI
to the third quadrant of coordinate system you can do it automatically by using this option.

d) Import Points as COGO Points if you want to create COGO points from .tot file then use
this option. This can be useful to display points for certain objects (edge of road, centreline,
Manholes etc.).

AF
e) Do NOT Create Surface if you want to import points as COGO points but you dont want to
create surface then use this option together with option d).

f) Use first column as point numbers use this option if you want to import pints as COGO
points with numbers from the first column.
H
4. Once you click OK, the LandXML file for the surface is created in the location of the .tot file and it is
automatically imported into Civil 3D. The default surface style is Grid:
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Export TOT

This command exports surface to Model Maker TOT file.

1. Export surface to Land XML file:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

2. Click on the command Export TOT in the ribbon SURFACES:


T
VO
DE

3. Browse for Land XML file:

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4. TOT file opened in Notepad:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Import DAT

In South African practice, the surveyors often provide designers with surface data in .dat files. To
convert these files into Civil 3D surface follow these steps:

1. Click on the command Import DAT:

CA
RI
2. Browse for .dat file:
AF
H
EC

Data from .dat file imported to Civil 3D as 3D lines.


T
VO

3. Create new surface in Civil 3D


DE

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CA
RI
AF
4. Go to the surface definition in Prospector and add Drawing objects:
H
T EC
VO

As an object type use Lines and select check box Maintain edges from objects:
DE

Click OK and select all 3D lines imported from .dat file.

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Created surface might have a boundary which extends beyond the original objects:

CA
RI
AF
To fix surface boundary, switch off surface (set surface style to _No Display):
H
T EC
VO

Use command Linework Shrinkwrap from iDAS ribbon, panel Utilities and select all objects:
DE

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This command creates polyline around all selected objects:

CA
RI
AF
Use this polyline as a surface outer boundary. Go to Prospector Surfaces Surface Name
Definition, right click on Boundaries and use command Add from the menu:
H
T EC
VO

As a type use Outer, tick option None-destructive breakline, click OK and select polyline:
DE

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Display surface boundary or triangles to check if the boundary is correct:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Layerworks

This tool calculates layerworks volumes for the defined surface. Surface area is multiplied by
layerworks depth for volume calculation. This is useful for platforms and other similar objects.

1. Create surface you want to calculate layerworks for (image below shows simple platform with the
surface only at parking area):

CA
RI
2. Click on the command Layerworks:

AF
H
EC

3. Specify layerworks name, layers, thickness and define which layerworks you want to use for
T

specific surface (you must click on the surface name to be able to specify layerworks):
VO
DE

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4. Results can be exported to csv file by clicking on button Export to CSV:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Extract Surface

This command is suitable for the large surfaces. When working with the large surfaces, the processes
might be slow. To speed up the design up this function extract new surface from the original surface
and simplifies it. To work with the simplified surface is much faster and once the design is finished,
then the original surface can be used for the final adjustments, plan production and quantities.

Click on the command Surfaces Extract Surface:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

Specify properties. The increment specifies the distance between surface points along the alignment.
The offsets mean the perpendicular distances from the centreline at which the surface is created.
Multiple offsets can be used:
T
VO
DE

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CA
RI
Comparison of the extracted surface (grey contours) and the original surface (green and brown

AF
contours):
H
T EC

Surface comparison in the longsection:


VO
DE

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Command Extract Regions

This commands is suitable for large surfaces. It creates new surfaces from the original surface for
each defined region. It can also be used to crop large surfaces along alignment. The extracted surface
accuracy is the same like original surface.

Click on command Surfaces Extract Regions:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

Specify extract region parameters:


Increment defines region boundary point distance. The lower the value the more accurately region
boundary follows an alignment.
Frame Length the region length.
Overlap overlap between regions.
Offset defines the regions width on the left or on the right side.
T
VO
DE

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Image below shows multiple surfaces for each regions, the surface for the first region is highlighted:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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PARCELS

Command Parcel Manager

Parcel manager displays parcel list according to the usage. This manager also allows creating parcel
table in the drawing. Parcel table is not dynamic (it is ACAD table) so if any changes are applied to the
parcels, the table must be recreated.

CA
1. Click on command Parcels Parcel Manager:

RI
AF
2. If you want to create a table in the drawing, click on command Draw Table:
H
T EC
VO

3. Place the table into drawing:


DE

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You can export the table to other programs by using Export command. Select table, right click and
choose Export from the menu:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Import Parcels

This command imports catchments from SSA or from Epaswmm to Civil 3D as parcels.

1. Open project in SSA and export project with command File Export EPA SWMM v5.x File:

CA
RI
AF
H
2. Go to Civil 3D, use command Parcels Import Parcels and browse for .inp file created in the
EC

previous step:
T
VO

Parcels imported from SSA:


DE

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Command Export Parcels

To export Civil 3D parcels to SSA (Storm and Sanitary Analysis) or Epaswmm as catchments use
command Parcels Export Parcels in the ribbon PARCELS:

CA
RI
This command creates input file (.inp) in the location where drawing is saved and opens SSA. In SSA,
go to File Import EPA SWMM v5.x Fileand browse for .inp file:

AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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The parcels imported to SSA as catchments:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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ALIGNMENTS

Command Change Labels

This command changes chainage label set for multiple alignments at once. It is useful for projects
where multiple alignments are designed like town ship development projects.

CA
1. Click on the command Alignments Change Labels:

RI
AF
H
2. Select alignments you want to change the labels for.

3. Specify label set which must be applied:


T EC
VO
DE

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Command Rename Alignment

This command allows renaming alignment. It is little bit faster to use this command the to go to
alignment properties and rename it there.

1. Click on the command Alignment Rename Alignment:

CA
RI
2. Select old alignment and specify new alignment name:
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Import Alignment

You can import horizontal alignment from .csv file. The format of the file must be following:

CA
The columns represent Y, X and Radius. If radius is not specified then PI with no curve will be created.
Comma must be used as a delimiter.

RI
To import horizontal alignment, follow these steps:

1. Click on command Alignment Import Alignment:

AF
H
EC

File format preview is displayed:


T
VO
DE

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2.Browse for .csv file.

CA
Horizontal alignment is inserted to the new site called Devotech:

RI
AF
H
EC

If you need to import more alignments from a text file then rename imported alignment otherwise new
alignment will overwrite it.
T
VO
DE

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Command Alignments from Polylines

This tool converts multiple polylines to alignments at once. It can also create profile from surface and
profile view at the same time for all alignments. If the polylines do not have curves at PI points then
curve is automatically added.

1. Click on the command Alignments Alignments From Polylines:

CA
RI
2. Specify styles, labels and other details:
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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3. Select polylines.

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Zoom to Profile View

This command zooms to a profile view of selected alignment. If an alignment has more profile views
then popup window will open. This window allows selecting profile view by name.

1. Click on the command Alignments Zoom to Profile View:

CA
RI
2. Select alignments you want to display profile view for. AF
3. Specify which profile view you want to zoom to (this option does not pop up if the alignment has
H
only one profile view):
T EC
VO
DE

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PROFILES

Command Profile from Pipes

Profiles from pipes are needed for different purposes. One purpose is to display values for pipe inverts
and trench depth every 20 m in the longsection. To simplify this procedure, you can create profiles for
pipes automatically.

CA
Keep in mind that these profiles are not dynamic so if you change pipe network geometry you
have to recreate them. Do not delete existing profiles before you recreate them because DPX or
iDAS will just assign new levels to existing profiles so there is no need to updated profile view
bands.

1, Click on command Profile Profile from Pipes:

RI
AF
2. Select which profiles you want to create. You can also specify trench depth.
H
T EC
VO
DE

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3. Select profile view. The profiles for pipes are created and are automatically named.

CA
RI
Profile styles are applied automatically:

AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Add Surface

This command creates profile from surface for multiple alignments at one time. Alignments must have
profile views.

1. Click on the command Profile Add Surface:

CA
RI
2. Select multiple profile views:

AF
3. Specify if you want to replace existing surface profile in the profile view bands:
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Set Length

This command changes multiple profile views length. It is very practical for plan production drawings
were multiple profiles are created.

To change multiple profile views length, follow these steps:

1. Click on the command Profiles Set Length:

CA
RI
AF
2. Specify profile views length and the tool will automatically specify profile views chainage values:
H
T EC
VO

3. Once you click OK, the profile views lengths are updated:
DE

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Command Set Datasource

If profile view band set is changed then data source must be set as well. Unfortunately this has to be
done for every single pipe band manually. Set Datasource command sets data source automatically
for all the bands in a profile view.

1. Click on the command Profile Set Datasource:

CA
RI
2. Select network which should be set for data source:
AF
H
T EC

3. Select profile view.

If you want to check if the data source was set go to Profile View Properties, tab Bands:
VO
DE

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Command Clean Up

This command switches off pipes in the profile view which are not displayed in the profile view, see
example below. It helps to improve Civil 3D performance mainly on the large networks.

Profile view below displays only four manholes and four pipes but all the pipes and manholes are
ticked on in the profile view properties:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

To draw all the pipes and structures in a profile view can have quite a big impact on performance
especially on the large networks.

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To tick off pipes and structures which are not displayed in the profile view use command Profiles
Clean Up:

CA
RI
AF
Result:
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Smooth Profile

This command has the same functionality as Command Extract Surface:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Export Profile

This command exports profile to .csv file. Output file contains point number, chainage and elevation.
Chainage interval is defined by user when the command is performed.

1 Click on the command Profile Export Profile:

CA
RI
AF
H
2. Select profile
EC

3. Specify interval:
T
VO

The text file is automatically created and stored in the location where the drawing is saved:
DE

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CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Export All Profiles

This command can export all the profiles from a longsection to .csv file

1. Click on the command Profiles Export All Profiles:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

2. Specify interval:
T
VO

3. Select profile view. Once you select profile view, the list of profiles with elevations at specified
chainage values is created. If you want to export values to text file, click Export:
DE

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Command Export Band Settings

This command exports profile view band set settings to an .xml file than can then be imported with the
Import Band Settings command. The information that is exported is the Profile 1, Profile 2 and Source
values. These values are linked to the alignment name. Standard Civil 3D cannot copy band set
settings between drawings and it cannot copy band sets to multiple profile views at one time. So this
command was developed to overcome this shortage by exporting band settings and importing settings

CA
to another (or the same) drawing, see next chapter.

RI
AF
H
1. Click on the command Profiles Export Band Settings:
T EC
VO
DE

2. At the command line it indicates that you must select profile views. Select the profile views whose
data band settings you want to export

3. A file save dialog will appear. Give the .xml a name and save it to disk.

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Command Import Band Settings

This command imports profile view band set settings from an .xml file than was created with the Export
Band Settings command. The information that is exported is the Profile 1, Profile 2 and Source values.
These values are linked to the alignment name and only profile views associated to alignments with
the same name as the alignments in the .xml file will be updated.

CA
RI
1. Click on the command Profiles Import Band Settings:
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

2. A file open dialog will appear. Select a .xml file to import.

3. At the command line it indicates that you must select profile views. Select the profile views whose
data band settings you wish to replace with the settings in the .xml file

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Command Compare Profiles

This tool is very useful for pipe design where minimum and maximum cover must be checked. This
tool can highlight chainage where minimum or maximum cover (difference between two profiles) is
exceeded.

It can be also used for road design to check if maximum height/depth of fill/cut was not exceeded.

CA
1 Click on command Profiles Compare Profiles:

RI
AF
H
EC

2. Specify interval:
T
VO
DE

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3. Select profile view. Once profile view is selected new window is opened where compared profiles
can be selected together with minimum difference and maximum difference. As soon minimum or
maximum difference is exceeded the values are written in red.

CA
RI
AF
This window also offers to export values to text file by clicking on button Export.

If you need to see where the values are exceeded in the longsection click on the chainage (any row)
and then click on Zoom To button.
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Zoom to Alignment

This command zooms to the alignment of the selected profile view.

1. Click on the command Profiles Zoom to Alignment:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

2. Select profile view and Civil 3D zooms to the reference alignment.


T
VO
DE

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CORRIDORS

Command Corridor Wizard

Road Wizard converts polylines to corridors. It designs vertical alignment which follows the surface at
the specific depth or height; it can also calculate superelevation according to the surface slope.

CA
Drawing must contain surface, polylines and assembly.

1. Click on the command Corridors Corridor Wizard:

RI
AF
2. In the Selection tab set if the polylines/alignments only from the specific layer should be processed
and then click the select button to select polylines /alignments from the drawing. Alternatively you
can import a .csv file.
H
T EC
VO
DE

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3. In the Alignments tab set the Alignment Name Template (base name is used for each alignment
and number is added next to the name), Alignment Style, Label Set and Sample Lines:

CA
RI
AF
4. In the Profiles tab specify the styles to use for the various profiles and the amount by which to
raise or lower the vertical alignment. If you only selected one polyline in the Selection tab you will
H
be allowed to import a .csv file to create the vertical alignment profile.
T EC
VO
DE

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5. In the Assemblies tab set the assembly, Lane subassembly (it is used for width target), Lane
Elevation Point Code (this code is used for corridor feature line extraction), Corridor Feature
Line Style, Target Surface and Lane Width (it overrides default assembly width; therefore one
assembly can be used for different road classes if the layerworks are the same):

CA
RI
AF
6. In the Profile Views tab set if the profile view must be created, and the Profile View and Profile
H
Label Set styles:
T EC
VO
DE

7. In the Profile View Bands tab set the profiles for Profile 1 and Profile 2:

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CA
RI
8. In the Corridors tab set the Corridor Name Template (base name is used for each corridor and
number is added next to the name), Corridor Surfaces and Frequencies

AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

9. In the Design Criteria tab set if the superelevation must be calculated according to the NGL
surface slope (road cross slope is opposite to the surface slope), and the Design Criteria file.

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CA
RI
Created corridors with top surfaces:

AF
H
EC

Created profile views:


T
VO
DE

Road vertical alignments do not have vertical curves at the points of vertical intersection, user has to
add them manually.

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CA
Road top surface contours indicating road cross slope against the surface slope:

RI
AF
H
Corridor wizard creates offset alignments at the road edges as well as left and right edge profiles.
These profiles are linked to the auto corridor feature lines extracted from the corridor. These feature
lines are in the site named according to the corridor name:
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Intersection Wizard

Intersection Wizard automates the T-intersection design process. Created intersection can be
modified manually or it can be recreated. The following objects must be in the drawing before the
Intersection Wizard is used:

a) Main road and side road corridors (side road vertical alignment does not need to be tight to

CA
the main road vertical alignment, intersection wizard will adjust side road vertical alignment
automatically, it will add PVI at the point where side road vertical alignment cross main road
edge ETW)
b) Assemblies for main road at intersection and right and left bellmouth. Image below
shows two assemblies for main road at the intersection but only one assembly is needed if all
the intersections are on one side of the main road:

RI
AF
H
c) Bellmouths drawn with the polylines:
T EC
VO

To create intersection use command Corridors Intersection Wizard and select the point where two
DE

horizontal alignments touch each other:

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CA
Select first road according to the image in the wizard and set the properties:

RI
AF
H
T EC
VO

Select second road according to the image in the wizard and set the properties:
DE

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CA
RI
AF
Set bellmouth target surface, polylines and subassemblies. Bellmouth left and right side is defined
H
from the drivers point of view when driving on the side road and approaching the main road. Side road
chainage direction is irrelevant:
T EC
VO
DE

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Specify the styles and click on Create Intersection. To update corridor top surfaces use command
Regen:

CA
RI
AF
H
Final intersection before regen command was used:
T EC
VO

Final intersection after regen command was used:


DE

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Intersection wizard creates two new sites. One site for main road corridor feature line and the other
site for bellmouth horizontal alignments. Two sites are used because feature lines and alignments are
interactive if they are in the same site.

CA
Troubleshooting

Intersection creation might be aborted if the following scenarios are present in the drawing or in the
Intersection Wizard:

RI
1. Bell mouth polylines are not exactly overlapping corridor feature lines

AF
H
2. Bellmouth feature lines extend beyond the corridor:
T EC
VO
DE

3. BCC and ECC of the polyline curve must touch corridor feature lines (road corridors must not
stop before the bellmouth curve starts)

EXAMPLE 1:
Incorrect (side road corridor is too short)

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CA
RI
Correct (corridor was stretched beyond the bellmouth curve start/end)

AF
H
EC

EXAMPLE 2:
Incorrect (side road corridor is too short)
T
VO
DE

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Correct (corridor was stretched beyond the bellmouth curve start/end)

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

4. One bellmouth polyline end before the point where other bellmouth polyline connects to the
road edge:

Incorrect (left bellmouth polyline is too short):


T
VO
DE

Correct (left bellmouth polyline extends beyond the point where right bellmouth
polyline connects to the edge of the road):

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CA
RI
5. Road 1 horizontal alignment must be snapped to the Road 2 horizontal alignment

AF
H
EC

6. Road 1 or Road 2 corridor has a split region at the intersection area.

7. Code for road edge in the Intersection Wizard does not corresponds to the feature line that
you draw the polyline on:
T
VO
DE

8. Assembly has multiple points with the Code for road edge used in the Intersection Wizard.
Assembly below has two points with ETW code on the right hand side which can cause the
problem:

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CA
9. Road intersects itself (loop road). This road can be designed with two corridors:

RI
AF
If the message below appears on the screen, then close Civil 3D and reopen it:
H
T EC

How to delete an intersection


VO

Open corridor properties and delete bellmouth baselines:


DE

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Go to Prospector and delete sites for the specific intersection. Each intersection has two sites, one for
bellmouth alignments and one for feature lines (alignments and feature lines are interactive if they are
in the same site and that would cause the problem with the feature lines elevations).

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Plan Wizard

Plan Wizard is a tool which splits the project into multiple drawings. It is suitable for long projects. First
you have to prepare master drawing which must contain at least the following objects:

a) Surface reference from data shortcut


b) Horizontal alignment reference from data shortcut

CA
c) Vertical alignment reference from data shortcut
d) Portion of the corridor (5 km is sufficient)
e) Layout with a complete title block

It is also very useful to attach all the xrefs and images. The master drawing should be actually drawing
ready for the final printing.

RI
Plan Wizard takes master drawing, saves it as a new drawing, adjusts chainages for corridor region
according to a defined maximum corridor length (e.g. 1 km, 10 km etc.), rebuilds corridor, assigns
chainages to profile view, zooms and rotates plan viewport to corridor.

To open Plan Wizard use command Corridors Plan Wizard:

AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Intersection Check

This command helps to check level differences between main roads and side roads at the intersecting
points.

1. Click on the command Corridors Intersection Check:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

2. Specify Maximum Allowable Level Difference and click on Update. If the row is highlighted with
T

red colour then maximum difference is exceeded:


VO
DE

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Command Intersection PVI

This command creates main road top surface profile in the side road profile view, adds PVI to the side
road vertical alignment at the location where main road edge is and moves this PVI as well as start or
end of the vertical alignment to the correct elevation.

1. Click on the command Corridor Intersection PVI:

CA
RI
2. Select side road horizontal alignment.
AF
H
3. Select main road top surface

4. Select main road edge at the point where it intersects side road horizontal alignment
T EC
VO

Result side road profile view with highlighted side road vertical alignment; main road top surface
is green:
DE

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Command Profile Feature Line

In South Africa the road edges elevations are often displayed in the longsection. To get the values to
longsection, the Civil 3D profiles from corridor must be used. Unfortunately, these profiles are not
dynamic so if any changes are done on the corridor, the profiles must be recreated. Some longsection
styles also display drainage details as well as barrier line and guardrail details. This command allows
to link corridor drainage feature lines to profiles so details (chainage and length) can be displayed

CA
automatically in the profile view. If the corridor is changes, these profiles update the longsection:

Plan:

RI
Longsection:

AF
H
Profile Feature Line command can create a profile from a feature line. This profile is linked to the
feature line so if the corridor is changed then the profile can be updated with the command
Corridors Rebuilt Feature Profiles. The command can also link a point code from the corridor to a
EC

profile and update the profile to combine all points from feature lines that have that code. This is
preferable option because there is no need to create feature line from corridor so the drawing size is
smaller and management is easier.

To link a point code to a profile:


T

1. Use command Corridors Profile Feature Lines:


VO
DE

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2. At the command line choose the Code option:

3. At the command line is indicates that you must select a corridor. Select a corridor:

CA
4. In the dialog that appears you can link the point codes from the corridor to the existing profiles or
you can create new profiles from this dialog. You can link each point code to two different profiles for

RI
left and right side. The first profile (the Profile column in the image below) will update a profile based
on the feature lines defined by the point code and will use all the elevations from the feature line. The
second profile (the Simplified Profile column in the image below) will update a profile using just the
start and end elevation of the feature lines. The Simplified Profiles are useful for displaying
information in the data bands of a profile view that spans large sections, such as showing where

AF
barrier kerbs would be constructed or guardrails etc.
H
EC

To check which profiles are linked to the corridor codes, open Profiles from Codes window again
(repeat steps 1-3 from the above).

To link as feature line to a profile:


T

1. Create dynamic feature lines from a corridor. Use Civil 3D command Corridors Utilities Create
Grading Feature Line from Corridor:
VO
DE

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2. Tick Create dynamic link to the corridor:

CA
RI
AF
H
3. Use command Corridors Profile Feature Lines:
T EC
VO
DE

4. Select feature line in plan. Command offers to select either an alignment or a profile. If the
alignment is used then new profile is created, if the profile is used then the profile elevations are linked
to the feature line elevations (this is applicable for existing profiles). Image below shows available
settings for new profile.

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CA
Created profile can be used for the profile view bands.

RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Rebuild Feature Profiles

This command updates feature line profiles created with the command Profile Feature Line.

To update feature line profiles, rebuild corridors you did changes for and use command Corridor
Rebuilt Feature Profiles:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

Before (vertical alignment and road edge profiles):


T
VO

After (vertical alignment and road edge profiles):


DE

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Command Point from Section

This tool projects points from the cross sections to plan. It has multiple applications e.g. for road
rehabilitation where survey of the existing road was done with the laser surveying and road centre line
is not defined in the plan. See steps below the workflow on how to define centre line from the cross
sections:

CA
1. Create surface from survey data:

RI
AF
H
EC

2. Draw alignment close to road centre line:


T
VO
DE

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3. Create sample lines:

CA
RI
4. Create cross sections:
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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5. Use command Point from Section:

CA
RI
AF
H
6. Click to the location in the cross section where centre line should be:
T EC
VO
DE

7. Go to plan and you will see COGO point created at the centre line location:

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8. Once all the points are created you can you best fit alignment method to create horizontal
alignment:

CA
9. Created COGO points can be projected to longsection and used for best fit vertical alignment
design.

RI
To project object to profile view, select profile view and click on command Project Objects to
Profile View from the contextual ribbon (ribbon related to the selected object). Then select
COGO points in the plan and hit enter.

AF
H
T EC

Create best fit profile:


VO
DE

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Command Road Investigation

Note: Dual screens are suggested for this function.

This command utilizes LIDAR data which was captured together with the video. The following objects
are needed for the function to operate (these objects are provided by surveyor):

CA
1. Drawing with the road centre line and image names
2. Images (they are exported from the video at the specific intervals),
3. Intensity Orthos file (ecw files).

Image below shows example of a drawing with an alignment and images names:

RI
AF
H
T EC

Use command MAPIINSERT (you can type it into command line) to load ecw files. You can select
multiple files at one time:
VO
DE

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Loaded ecw files:

CA
RI
AF
Move Civil 3D window to your secondary screen and click on the command Corridors Road
investigation:
H
T EC
VO
DE

Select an alignment and then select text in the drawing. Road investigation window will appear on the
screen. Go to Options Set image folder and specify the path for the folder with the images:

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Images loaded in the window:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO

Sort images by name:


DE

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When you double click on the image, the preview will appear on the right side of the road investigation
window and Civil 3D zooms the drawing to that location:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

The default image size might be too small. To change the image size, stretch the image window and
click on the command Save Size to apply the size to all other images (do not move image window too
much at the top otherwise it will be moved down again):
T
VO
DE

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As it was mentioned above, user can view image as well as Civil 3D at the same time. Image below
shows road patch which can be seen on the image as well as in the drawing. Any other problematic
areas can be investigated:

CA
RI
Areas can be measured and it can be stored in the Road Investigation window. Right click on the area
cell in the Road Investigation window, use command Draw area 1 polyline and specify area in
Civil 3D:

AF
H
EC

Polyline drawn around the patched area:


T
VO
DE

Calculated area in the Road Investigation window (up to five areas can be used for each chainage):

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To remove the area, right click on the value and use command Remove polyline for area.... Polyline
will also be removed from the drawing:

CA
RI
All information from the Road Investigation window can be exported to csv file with the command
Export to CSV. Csv file together with the drawing can be used for customer report.

AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Road Rehab 1

Documentation to follow.

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Road Rehab 2

Documentation to follow.

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Rebuild Corridors

This command rebuilds corridors for selected horizontal alignments, profiles and corridors. Multiple
objects can be selected at the same time. It also updates left and right edge created with corridor
wizard or with Feature Profile command. This command also offers to isolate or un-isolate corridor
region.

To rebuilt specific corridors, use command Corridors Rebuilt Corridors and selected alignments,

CA
profiles and corridors:

RI
AF
H
T EC
VO

Command line requesting object selection:


DE

If Isolate option is used then the corridor region can be selected in plan and all other corridor regions
will be switched off. To switch on the corridor regions again use command uNisolate.

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Isolated region:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Rebuild Auto

This command sets automatic rebuild to all corridors so user does not need to do it one by one.

1. Click on the command Corridors Rebuild Auto:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO

2. Confirm if you really want to set rebuild automatic to all corridors:


DE

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All the corridors as set Rebuild Automatic:

CA
RI
AF
Note: This command does not rebuild corridors, it just sets them to rebuild automatic so some
corridors might show exclamation mark until some changes in the corridor definition are done and
corridor rebuilds automatically. User can also rebuild corridors manually.
H
T EC
VO
DE

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STORM AND SEWER NETWORKS

Command Sewer Manager

Sewer Manager is a tool for sewer networks design, house connections and analysis. It also allows to
import and export networks. For more details about Sewer manager see following chapters:
TRAINING VIDEOS and PIPE NETWORK DESIGN (mainly section Sewer).

CA
To open Sewer Manager click on command Sewer Sewer Manager:

RI
AF
H
Sewer Manager window:
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Sewer Wizard

Sewer Wizard creates sewer network from multiple objects (polylines or lines). It is useful in the cases
where old pipe network data are available in dwg format or if the designer sketched network with the
polylines or lines. New pipe network is created during the procedure but if you want to create your own
network, it must be created before this command is used so it will be available during the procedure.

CA
If polylines are used as a source objects then they must have a vertex at the locations where other
branch is connected, see arrows in the image below:

RI
Click on command Storm Storm Water Wizard:
AF
H
EC

Specify settings:
T
VO
DE

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Created network:

CA
RI
AF
To adjust pipe directions and to specify outfall use Command Flow Directions.
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Optimise Network

This command optimizes pipe network profile and it can also create pipe network profile views
together with the pipe network alignments.

1. Click on the command Sewer Optimise Network or Storm Optimise Network:

CA
RI
AF
H
2. Specify Surface which will be used for pipe profile optimization and Network you want to
optimize
T EC
VO

3. Go to Design Parameters tab and specify parameters which will be used for optimization:
DE

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4. You can optimize only specific branch or entire network by using command Calculate Branch or
Calculate Network:

CA
5. Calculated network:

RI
AF
H
EC

6. To create horizontal alignments as well as profile views for all the branches click OK, open Storm
T

Water or Sewer Manager (see chapter Command Sewer Manager or Command Storm Water
Manager) and use command Tools Draw Profile Views for Entire Network:
VO
DE

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7. Select first structure of the main branch and then specify alignment and profile view properties:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

Created profile views:


T
VO
DE

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Command Flow Directions

This command sets pipe direction in such a way that all the pipes flow to the outfall. As an outfall the
lowest structure is offered or user can define any other structure as an outfall.

Click on the command Sewer Flow Direction or Storm Flow Direction:

CA
RI
AF
H
Specify settings:
T EC
VO

Before:
DE

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After:

CA
In some case the flow direction arrow might show oposite direction. This can be caused by pipe

RI
direction settings, see chapter Command Swap Direction.
.

AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Swap Direction

This command can either swap pipe start and end points or it can change pipe flow direction method
which defines the direction of the slope arrow label. The advantage is that it can swap/set multiple
pipes at the same time.

To swap pipe direction use command Sewer Swap Direction or Storm Swap Direction:

CA
RI
AF
H
The following options can be used for pipe flow direction method:
T EC
VO

Pipe flow direction method is also available under pipe properties but only one pipe at the time can be
DE

changed:

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For storm water and sewer networks the Start to End option has to be used. If the flow direction is
incorrect then use command Flow Directions.

Before (slope arrows show incorrect slope direction):

CA
RI
After: AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Storm Water Manager

Storm Water Managers for iDAS and DPX are very similar. The difference is that DPX manager does
not allow to set the properties for the catchments and the analysis cannot be done directly in Civil 3D
but the network has to be exported to SSA for the analysis. iDAS manager can run analysis inside
Civil 3D, it calculates catchments slope, run off and other parameters. Both managers allow to import
and export networks.

CA
For more details about Storm Water manager see TRAINING VIDEOS and chapter PIPE NETWORK
DESIGN (mainly sections Storm water network analysis in iDAS and Storm water network
analysis in SSA).

To open Storm Water Manager click on command Storm Storm Water Manager:

RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Storm Water Wizard

Storm Water Wizard creates storm water network from multiple objects (polylines or lines). It is useful
in the cases where old pipe network data are available in dwg format or if the designer sketched
network with polylines or lines. New pipe network is created during the procedure but if you want to
create your own network, it must be created before this command is used so it will be available during
the procedure.

CA
If polylines are used as a source objects then they must have a vertex at the locations where other
branch is connected, see arrows in the image below:

RI
Click on command Storm Storm Water Wizard: AF
H
T EC

Specify settings:
VO
DE

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Created network:

CA
RI
To adjust pipe directions and to specify outfall use Command Flow Directions.

AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Swap Structures to Inlets

This command checks structures with only one pipe connected. If the structure style is manhole then it
swaps it to inlet. A pipe network branch barely starts with a manhole. This command swaps all
structures to the same inlet type (defined by user) so swap structure command needs to be used at
the later design stage.

1. Click on the command Storm Swap Structures to Inlets:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

2. Specify properties. Change to Inlet window also shows list of the manhole with only one pipe
connected. It excludes outfalls which also have only one pipe connected.
T
VO
DE

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Result:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Junction Types

City of Tshwane defines four junction types: A, B, C and D, see image below:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

This command automatically adds junction type into structure properties. Junction type can be used
for labels and tables.

1. Click on the command Storm Junction Types


:
T
VO
DE

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2. If the types A and B are in the network then Junction Type Selector windows open:

CA
RI
AF
Click on the structure Name in the selector window and click either on A or B. When you select any
structure the model space zooms to that location so it is easier to specify if it is A or B type. There
are also Zoom- and Zoom+ buttons for additional zoom.
H
T EC
VO

Selected types displayed in the selector window:


DE

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3. Once you click OK then the type for all the structures is written into structure properties:

CA
RI
4. Structure type can be displayed in the labels and tables:

AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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WATER NETWORK

Command Water Manager

Water Manager is a tool for water networks design and analysis (bulk and water reticulation). It also
allows to import and export networks. For more details about Water Manager see chapters: TRAINING
VIDEOS and PIPE NETWORK DESIGN (mainly section Water network analysis in iDAS and DPX).

CA
To open Water Manager click on command Water Water Manager:

RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Water Wizard

This command converts AutoCAD objects like lines and polylines to pipe network. It is useful in the
cases where old pipe network data are available in dwg format. All objects, which must be converted
to one network, must be in one layer. New pipe network is created during the procedure but if you
want to create your own network it must be created before this command is used (created network will
be available in the wizard).

CA
1. Click on the command Water Water Wizard:

RI
AF
H
EC

2. Specify source data Layer, Network, Part List, Structure Group, Default Structure type, Pipe Group,
Default pipe type and click OK:
T
VO

Network created from multiple objects:


DE

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Command Bulk Water Wizard

This command converts a polyline or an alignment to bulk water pipe line. It also designs network
vertically.

1. Click on the command Water Bulk Water Wizard:

CA
RI
AF
H
2. Specify properties and parameters (it is practical to use Junction structure type as it is the most
EC

used structure in bulk water pipe lines):


T
VO
DE

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3. Specify alignment and profile view properties:

CA
RI
AF
H
Created network in plan:
T EC
VO

Created network in profile view:


DE

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Command House Connections

This command automatically creates house connection for water reticulations. It creates perpendicular
connection to the main line from the location defined by user.

1. Click on the command Water House Connections:

CA
RI
AF
H
2. Specify properties for new connection. Select structure field is for the end structure, Select
EC

Connector field is for connection of the house connection to the main line:
T
VO
DE

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3. Click to the location of the house connection, see image below:

CA
RI
Result:
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Export Pipe Branch

This command exports pipe network branch into text file. It can be for example used in Vent-O-Mat.

1. Click on the command Export Pipe Branch:

CA
RI
AF
H
2. Specify branch:
T EC
VO

Txt file is created in the location where the source drawing is saved:
DE

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Text file example:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Update Bands

This command updates profile view bands with the bend values.

1. Click on the command Water Update Bands:

CA
RI
AF
H
2. Choose a network you want to update bends for and select profile view (it is good practice to
select design profile view, not plan production profile view because bends are calculated for all
EC

the structures displayed in the profile view):


T
VO

Result:
DE

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COMMANDS FROM UTILITIES PANEL


Commands from utilities panel, which are not listed in this chapter, are described in the following
chapters:

Rebuilt Corridors Corridors


Zoom to Profile View Alignments

CA
Zoom to Alignments Profiles

Command Modify Views

Modify multiple Profile and Section Views by adjusting datums, heights and positions. The views can
be aligned, laid out in columns, rows or a grid, datums adjusted and have their heights set.

RI
1. Click on the command Modify Views:

AF
2. At the command line you will be prompted to Select Profile or Section Views. Select one or
H
more Profile or Section Views and hit Enter:
EC

3. The next prompt provides you with a choice (and further sub-choices):
T

a. Align Aligns views position relative to each other:


VO

i. Horizontal Aligns all views horizontally using the average Y value.


ii. Vertical - Aligns all views horizontally using the average X value.

b. Datum Adjusts the views datum level:


i. Average Adjust the datum level of the views so that the contents fit properly.
ii. Increase Increase (or decrease) the datum level by a relative amount.
iii. Set Set the datum level to a absolute level.
DE

c. Height Changes the height of the view area. When adjusting the height the level can
be constrained to:
i. Bottom
ii. Top
iii. Middle

d. Space Space out views in a column, row or a grid.


i. Horizontal
ii. Vertical
iii. Grid

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This command is most of the time used to adjust section views datum because Civil 3D often does not
position corridor sections correctly in the section views. User then have to manually change the datum
for each section view which is very time consuming. This command can automatically adjust all the
section views at once:

Before:

CA
RI
After:

AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Refresh Split Views

When splitting profile views Civil 3D does not refresh the profile view, thus leaving the profile view
looking as it did before the split. Also, when moving a split profile view (either by its grip point or move
command) the profile view appears to stay in place and some of its text is displaced. The Refresh Split
Views command can be used to force Civil 3D to refresh the split profile view to ensure it displays
correctly.

CA
1. Click on the command Refresh Split Views:

RI
2. At the command line you will be prompted to Select Profile Views, select one or many profiles

AF
views and hit Enter to finish the command. The split profile views will not display correctly.
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Move Sample Line

Moves multiple Sample Lines along an alignment. A useful application of this is to step through a
corridor design using one Sample Line with an attached Section View.

1. Click on the command Move Sample Lines:

CA
RI
2. The Sample Lines Viewer palette will open which you can dock or resize.

3. In the Sample Lines Viewer palette sample lines can be selected and then moved forward or
backwards along an alignment. Below is a list of the palettes functionality.

AF
I. Select a Sample Line from model space and add it to the list (8). Click on the down
arrow for more functionality
a. Select a Sample Line, same as (1).
b. Remove a Sample Line from the list by selecting it in model space.
c. Clear the list.
d. Refresh the list.
e. Update any attached Section Views so that the contents of the section view is
H
always centred.
II. The amount by which the Sample Lines must move.
III. Move the Sample Lines backwards along an alignment by the amount given in (5).
IV. Move the Sample Lines forwards along an alignment by the amount given in (5).
EC

V. A list of all the Sample Lines that will be modified. Right-clicking on an item enables
removing and zooming to the Sample Line. The Station value can also be edited by
clicking in the station cell.
T
VO
DE

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Command Explode Polyline OD

When exploding polylines that have Object Data (OD) attached, the OD is not transferred to the
resulting lines. This command explodes a polyline and copies the polylines OD to the newly created
lines.

1. Click on the command Explode Polyline OD:

CA
RI
AF
2. At the command line you will be prompted to Select Polylines, select one or many polylines
and hit Enter to finish the command.
H
T EC
VO
DE

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IMPORT NETWORK

Command Import CD Sewer

This command creates sewer pipe network from Civil Designer sewer network file (.txt file).

a. Click on the command Import Network Import CD Sewer:

CA
RI
b. Specify Civil Designer version:

AF
H
EC

c. Browse for Civil Designer sewer network file. File format is .txt:
T
VO

d. Specify default structure and pipe styles and click on Create Network:
DE

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Created network:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Import CD Storm

This command creates storm water pipe network from Civil Designer storm water network file (.txt file).

e. Click on the command Import Network Import CD Storm:

CA
RI
f. Specify Civil Designer version:

AF
H
EC

g. Browse for Civil Designer sewer network file. File format is .txt:
T
VO

h. Specify default structure and pipe styles and click on Create Network:
DE

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Created network:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Import CD Water

This command creates water pipe network from Civil Designer water network file (.asc file).

1. Click on the command Import Network Import CD Water:

CA
RI
AF
2. Specify Civil Designer version:
H
EC

3. Browse for Civil Designer sewer network file. File format is .txt:
T
VO

Specify default structure and pipe styles and click on Create Network:
DE

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Created network:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Import CSV CE (Chainage and Elevation)

This command creates pipe network from .csv file which contains Chainage and invert Elevations
(CE). Data must be comma delimited but do not need to be in the specific column order because this
command allows to match specific column with the specific property.

CA
RI
AF
To perform this command, horizontal alignment as well as empty pipe network must be in the
drawing, follow the procedure below:
H
1. Create horizontal alignment by using command in ribbon Home Alignment Alignment
Creation Tools which follows the pipe line path (other tools for alignment creation can be used
EC

as well):
T
VO

2. Create empty pipe network by using command in the ribbon Home Pipe Network Pipe
network Creation Tools
DE

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3. Click on the command Import Network Import CSV CE:

CA
RI
4. Specify required fields and click Ok:

AF
H
EC

5. Browse for the file:


T
VO
DE

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6. Specify data mapping and select horizontal alignment:

CA
RI
7. Created pipe network: AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Import CSV SS (Structure to Structure)

This command creates pipe networks from .csv file which contains following information:
START Y,START X,START Z,END Y,END X,END Z,PIPE TYPE,DIAMETER. SS means structure to
structure.

As PIPE TYPE use:


W water,

CA
S sewer,
SW storm water.

RI
This tool is often used for crossing services.

1. Click on the command Import Network Import CSV SS:


AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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2. Set up required fields for each network type:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC

3. Created networks
VO
DE

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Command Import CSV NT (Network)

This command creates a pipe network from CSVs. Two different CSVs can be imported
simultaneously (one for structures and one for pipes) to create a new network.

1. Click on the command Import Networks Import CSV NT:

CA
RI
AF
H
2. In the dialog that appears specify the network name and parts list to use and then click next.

3. In the Structures section you can select a .csv file to import and then a preview of the file will
EC

be displayed in the top table. Right-click on the column headers to specify what that column
represents. You have to at least specify the X, Y and a Unique ID.

Once a Unique ID has been specified the Process Unique ID button will become active. Click
the button and all the unique structures (based on a combination of the unique IDs) will be
listed in the bottom table.
T

In the bottom table you can select a row and then apply a structure type to that row by
selecting a structure from the Structure Size drop-down and then clicking the Apply button.
VO
DE

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4. In the Pipes section you can do the same as the structures section, except least you have to
specify is the Start X, Start Y, End X , End Y and a Unique ID.

5. In the Clean Up Section you have the option of connecting structures to pipes with a tolerance,
as well as creating additional structures at the end of pipes where there is not already a
structure.

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Import Culverts

This command creates culverts from a csv file. The culverts can be imported along an alignment. The
CSV file can contain any data, but must at least contain either a culvert station (chainage) or for
coordinate values representing the start and end position of the culvert.

CA
1. Click on the command Import Networks Import Culverts:

RI
AF
H
EC

2. The dialog that appears is made up of three parts (see image in the next page):
T

A. Settings This section contains all the required entities that you must specify (alignment,
surface, pipe and structure). When the software compares the culvert sizes to the parts list it
VO

will only look within the pipe family of the selected culvert. If structures are not required then
the checkmark next to the structure can be unticked.

B. Defaults The default are what will be applied to the culverts if the information is not available
in the CSV file that is being imported.

C. Import A CSV must be specified and then each column header can be right-clicked on and
DE

mapped to the data that is in that column. The Station column or columns relating to start
and end coordinates must be specified in order to complete the import (the Ok button will
enable when all criteria is met).

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CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Import INP

Water Network

This command imports network from Epanet or Epaswmm input file (.inp). If the catchments are in the
inp file then they can be imported as well.

CA
1. Click on the command Import Networks Import INP:

RI
AF
H
EC

2. Browse for .inp file, load MAP file (only if it is available) and specify part list:
T
VO
DE

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3. Specify default structure type:

CA
RI
AF
H
4. Specify default pipe groups for circular, rectangular and trapezoidal pipes:
T EC
VO
DE

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5. Specify catchments if they are part of inp file and click on Create Network (example used for print
screen below is for water network therefore it does not contain any catchments):

CA
RI
AF
H
Created network:
T EC
VO
DE

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Storm Water or Sewer Network

This command imports network from Epaswmm input file (.inp).

1. Click on the command Import Networks Import INP:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

2. Browse for .inp file on your pc:


T
VO
DE

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3. Opened window will show you summary of pipe network you are going to import. Click on Create
Network to create pipe network.

CA
RI
AF
4. Specify Part list, Structure group, Default structure type, Pipe Group, Default pipe type and click OK:
H
T EC

Created network:
VO
DE

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Command Import TechnoCAD

This command allows recreating pipe network from TechnoCAD Pipe Mate data. It is very practical for
pipe network upgrades where old Pipe Mate data are available.

1. Click on the command Import Network Import TechnoCAD:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

2. Browse for the TechnoCAD .ppc file


T
VO
DE

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3. Specify design data and click on create network:

CA
RI
Created network:
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Import Juno

Documentation to follow.

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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PIPE DESIGN PANEL

Command Move Structure

This command moves structure in the profile view. This is very useful for networks where position of
the manholes is driven by vertical alignment profile.

CA
1. Click on the command Move Structure:

RI
2. Select profile view

3. Select structure to move

AF
4. Specify insertion point

Before:
H
T EC

After:
VO
DE

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Command Delete Structure

This command deletes structures in the profile view. Click on the command Delete Structure and then
select structure in profile view to be deleted:

CA
Before:

RI
After:
AF
H
T EC
VO

Always check the plan after you perform this command, because if there was a change in horizontal
direction the alignment needs to be adjusted (use Edit Alignment Geometry command):
DE

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Command Insert Structure

This command allows inserting structure in the profile view. This is very useful for water pipe systems
where air valves must be inserted to high points of the longsection and scour valves to the low points.

1. Click on the command Insert Structure:

CA
2. Select profile view

RI
3. Select pipe to divide

4. Specify insertion point

5. Specify Network, Surface, Structure, Depth below NGL and click OK:

AF
H
T EC
VO

Before:
DE

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After:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Edit Structure

This command opens window with multiple tabs related to structure properties. Some properties can
be changed like structure chainage, rim elevation, sump elevation, sump depth, structure depth. To
open Edit Structure window click on command Edit Structure:

CA
Information:

RI
AF
H
EC

Bend Data (this tab is related to water networks):


T
VO
DE

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Connected pipes:

CA
RI
AF
H
Hydraulic:
T EC
VO
DE

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User defined fields:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Find Part

This command zooms to specified pipe or structure in plan view or in any profile view where the pipe
or structure is displayed. Pipe or structure can be specified by name or it can be selected from a
drawing in plan or in profile view.

1. Click on the command Find Part:

CA
RI
2. Select pipe or structure in plan or in profile view or type pipe or structure name and click on the
name in the list and Civil 3D will zoom to that location.

Structure in plan:

AF
H
EC

The same structure in the profile view:


T
VO
DE

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Command Grade Pipes

This command calculates slope between two selected pipes and assigns this slope to all the pipes
between the selected pipes.

1. Click on the command Grade Pipes:

CA
2. Select pipe network and how the pipes should match:

RI
AF
H
EC

3. Select first and last pipe you want to have a constant slope in between (do the selection in profile
view):

Before:
T
VO

After:
DE

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4. After you perform Grade Elevation command some structures might be apart from pipes. In fact,
they are at the same position where they were before. To move structures to correct elevation
use the command Adjust Inverts:

CA
RI
AF
5. Tick Adjust structure sump depth: H
T EC
VO
DE

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Result:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Swap Structures

This command swaps multiple structures. Default AutoCAD Civil 3D only swaps one structure at the
time. Structures can be selected either in the plan or in the profile view.

1. Click on the command Swap Structures:

CA
2. Specify structure type you want to swap other structures to:

RI
AF
H
3. Select the structures you want to swap.
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Swap Pipes

This command swaps multiple pipes. Default AutoCAD Civil 3D only swaps one pipe at the time.

1. Click on the command Swap Pipes:

CA
2. Specify pipe type you want to swap other pipes to:

RI
AF
H
3. Select the pipes you want to swap.
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Adjust Inverts

This tool allows setting pipe invert levels, structure invert levels and sump depth for entire pipe
network or just for specified branch. This is very useful for water pipe network where it is often
required that pipes follow ground level in the specific depth

1. Click on command Adjust Inverts:

CA
RI
2. Specify Invert Level, Reference surface and object you want to apply function on:

AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

Before:

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After:

CA
This command can also be used for sump depth adjustment for storm water and sewer networks:

RI
AF
H
T EC
VO

Before:
DE

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After:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Connect Pipes

This tool connects disconnected pipes to structures. If pipes are not connected to structures then
analysis will not run, renaming will not work, alignment from pipe network will not work etc.

Pipe disconnected from structure (structure masking is switched on):

CA
RI
To connect pipes to structures use command Connect Pipes:

Click on Connect All: AF


H
T EC
VO
DE

Result:

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Command Automap

Civil 3D offers to set any alignment for pipe network chainage. This benefit has disadvantage that it
can be very time consuming to specify alignment for every branch especially for larger networks.
Automap automatically sets the closes alignment as a reference alignment.

The question marks in the band distance mean that alignment was not referenced for a branch or for a

CA
network. Once you click on the command Automap, the closest alignment will be assigned to every
branch.

Before:

RI
AF
H
EC

After:
T
VO
DE

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Command Set Ref Surface

This command sets reference surface to all pipes and structures from the selected network.

1. Click on the command Set Ref. Surface:

CA
2. Specify network and reference surface:

RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Remove Duplicates

This command deletes duplicated objects (pipes and structures). Duplicated objects (object on top of
each other) might cause several issues with analysis, alignments etc.

1. Click on the command Remove Duplicates:

CA
RI
2. Select structure or pipe you want to remove and click either on Remove Structure or Remove

AF
Pipe to remove the duplicates. Number of Connections can help you to decide which pipe to
delete: H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Edit User Fields

This command allows setting a value for User Defined Field globally for all structures or pipes.

1. Click on the command Edit User Fields:

CA
RI
2. Specify if you want to add value for structures or pipes:

AF
H
EC

3. User Defined Field can be used for labels, profile view bands and tables:
T
VO
DE

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CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Replace Diameter

This command swaps all the pipes with the specific diameter to another diameter.

1. Click on the icon Replace Diameter:

CA
RI
2. Specify which current pipes you want to change to another type:

AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Command Structure Table

This command creates table for the specific structures only. The window selection can be used and
structures are filtered later in the other window. Keep in mind that created table is not dynamic; it is
AutoCAD table, so you must recreate it every time you make a change in your design.

1. Click on command Structure Table:

CA
RI
AF
2. Select structures (selection by window can be used):
H
EC

3. Specify structure type you want to create table for:


T
VO
DE

Created table:

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Command Divide Pipe

This command divides pipe at the defined interval. It is useful for all pipe networks where maximum
distance between structures/manholes is defined.

1. Click on the command Divide Pipe:

CA
RI
2. Define structure type to be used at the splitting points. There is also option to interpolate structure

AF
depth from the current pipe slope. If this option is ticked then Depth below NGL is ignored:
H
T EC
VO

3. Select pipe to divide.


DE

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IDAS SUPPORT FILES


IDAS installation also installs folders with support files like templates, IDF Curves, CTB file, hatch
patterns, help file etc. These folders are in the following location:

C:\ProgramData\Autodesk\ApplicationPlugins\DEVOTECH.Bundle\Contents\Support\

CA
To quickly access this location, go to windows Start - All Programs - Devotech iDAS Support
Folder:

RI
AF
H
EC

ASSEMBLIES FOLDER
This folder contains Devotech Civil 3D Assemblies.dwg drawing which provides typical assemblies
T

and subassemblies. This drawing also includes South African curb subassemblies. Drawing can be
opened directly from the following path:
VO

C:\Dropbox (Devotech)\Devotech Team Folder\Development\iDAS\Installers


source\Bundles\DEVOTECH.Bundle\Contents\Support\Assemblies

or it can be opened with the command DTECH_ASSEMBLIESFILE.

South African curb subassemblies:


DE

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CA
The folder also contains subassemblies in .pkt format, see chapter:

RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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How to Import Subassembly from PKT File for details how to use pkt files:

Devotech_Conditional_Road_Edge_Beam_or_Channel_Ver_01.pkt
Devotech_Lane_Ver_02.pkt
Devotech_Sanral_Cut_Fill_Ver_01.pkt
Devotech_Sanral_Cut_Fill_Ver_02.pkt
Devotech_Sanral_Median_Barrier_1-4m_with_Retaining_Wall_Ver_02.pkt
Devotech_Sanral_Median_Barrier_1-4m_with_Retaining_Wall_Ver_03.pkt

CA
Each subassembly has a version in a name. Devotech Africa provides all the released versions to
make sure that users can work on the older projects without any issues.

RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Devotech Conditional Road Edge Beam or Channel Subassembly

This subassembly applies different conditions for low and high road edges. It uses edge beam for the
high side and concrete channel for the low side:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

Following parameters can be set:


T
VO
DE

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If you want to have a transition line between edge beam and channel then use a code Transition for
the Edge Beam Outside Top Point Code and Channel Outside Top Point Code, see image on the
previous page:

CA
RI
If the transition is close to the corridor frequency point then the transition will be very short:

AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Devotech Lane Subassembly

This subassembly is suitable for dual carriageways and there are four major advantages against the
default Civil 3D subassemblies:

1. It has inside and outside width


2. It has inside and outside shift width (practical if the lanes have stepped offset inside and

CA
outside):

RI
3. It supports box cut: AF
H
T EC

4. Most of the codes can be set by user.


VO

5. An outer sloped edge does not superelevate with the lane but it keeps the defined slope:
DE

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Multiple subassemblies can be linked together so you are not limited by maximum number of lanes:

CA
RI
AF
If you link slope to another subassembly then Use Superelevation parameter must be set to None:
H
T EC

To use a box cut you have to define a target surface for the subassembly in the corridor properties:
VO
DE

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The following parameters can be set:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Devotech Sanral Cut Fill Subassembly

This subassembly creates cut/fill according to the following Sanral specification:

CA
It supports these coditions:

RI
Low fill:

AF
H
EC

High fill:
T
VO
DE

Type A concrete side drain:

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Shallow and deep cut:

CA
RI
AF
Sanral specification does not define if a berm should be created always or only under specific
conditions so you can define under which circumstances the berm should be created in the cut:
H
1. Always
2. Only when surface cross slope is towards road
3. Never
EC

This setting is available in the Properties window:


T
VO

Example of the berm created in the cut condition only when surface cross slope is towards the road:
DE

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If you use the option to create berm only when surface cross slope is towards the road then this
condition can change every few meters so it might create a lot of very short berms. To solve this issue
you can define horizontal target (polyline, feature line, alignment or survey figure) and if this target
exists then berm is always created in the cut condition. This target must be set in the Corridor
Properties window under Set All Targets:

CA
RI
AF
H
Below is an example of the short berm which was connected with the other berm by using of horizontal
target:

Before: After:
T EC
VO
DE

Berm in 3D view:

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Similar problem can happen if condition for deep cut or high fill changes every few meters. You can
define horizontal target (polyline, feature line, alignment or survey figure) and if this target exists then
deep cut or high fill is always created. This target must be set in the Corridor Properties window
under Set All Targets:

CA
RI
The following parameters can be set:
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Devotech Sanral Median Barrier 1-4m with Retaining Wall

This subassembly creates a median with the multiple conditions according to the Sanral specification.

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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How to Import Subassembly from PKT File

The subassemblies in the .pkt format can be imported directly into Civil 3D Tool Palettes. It is good
practice to import subassemblies into new tab in the Tool Palettes so the workflow below also shows
how to create new tab.

Open Tool Palettes, right click on any tab and use command New Palette from the menu:

CA
RI
Specify the name (any name can be used):
AF
H
T EC
VO

Right click on the tab and use command Import Subassemblies from the menu:
DE

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CA
RI
AF
Browse to the provided .pkt file and click OK: H
T EC
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Imported subassembly:
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DESIGN FOLDER
This folder contains multiple subfolders for different design tasks like Roads, Sewer and Storm.

Roads
This folder contains design criteria file according to the SANRAL requirements:
_Devotech Roadway Design Standards (SANRAL).xml

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Sewer
This folder contains Red Book configuration file which was used in the older iDAS releases.

Storm
This folder contains IDF Curves, Rainfall distribution curves and Red Book configuration file (this file
was used in the older iDAS releases).

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HATCH FOLDER
This folder contains hatch pattern Town_Planners_Hatch.pat which must be used for some town
planners parcel styles.

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HELP FOLDER
This folder contains iDAS, DPX and Civil 3D help file, IDF curves in pdf format and rainfall distribution

AF
chart.

NLM FOLDER
This folder contains installation files for Network License Manager and for Network License Utilities.
H
PLOT STYLES FOLDER
This folder contains Devotech.ctb file which can be used for printing of the drawings based on
EC

Devotech Template.

REPORTS
iDAS contains two reports for materials:
T

1. Devotech Material Report - Grouped.xsl


2. Devotech Material Report - Separate.xsl
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To use these reports the drawing must contain calculated materials, see chapter: Corridor Quantities
(Roads).

Go to the ribbon Analyse command Volume Report:


DE

Specify alignment, sample line group, material list and click on the Folder Icon to browse for a
sheet style:

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CA
RI
The path is:
AF
C:\ProgramData\Autodesk\ApplicationPlugins\DEVOTECH.Bundle\Contents\Support\Reports
H
EC

Note: The default path for reports in Civil 3D is:


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C:\ProgramData\Autodesk\C3D 20XX\enu\Data\Quantities Report Style Sheets\xsl\,


where XX means the Civil 3D version, e.g.: 14, 15, 16 or 17.
VO

When you click OK in the Report Quantities window then internet explorer might ask you if you want
to run a script. Click Yes to create report:
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Devotech Material Report Grouped:

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CA
Devotech Material Report Separate:

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SURVEY FOLDER
AF
H
This folder contains the files useful for survey drawings based on the TMH11 template.
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TEMPLATES FOLDER
This folder contains all Devotech templates.

Template folder can also be opened directly from to windows Start - All Programs - Devotech
iDAS Templates Folder:
T
VO
DE

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CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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DEVOTECH DRAWING TEMPLATE MANUAL


Civil 3D can make use of two types of templates:
1. Drawing template stores styles and settings
2. Plan production template is used for plan production, it contains title block and other sheet
information

CA
The following chapters will be related to the drawing template.

If you create new drawing based on the drawing template then all the styles and settings will be in the
new drawing. Devotech Africa drawing template is based on SANRAL drawing standards but it also
contains other standards and styles. This template can be used for all civil engineering projects such
as road design, pipe design, trench design, platform design, town planning etc. The templates can be
found in the following folder:

RI
C:\ProgramData\Autodesk\ApplicationPlugins\DEVOTECH.Bundle\Contents\Support\Templates

Colours

AF
Devotech Africa provides a CTB file (Colour-dependent plot style table) which can be used for final
plotting of the drawings based on Devotech Africa template. This CTB file can be found in the following
location:
C:\ProgramData\Autodesk\ApplicationPlugins\DEVOTECH.Bundle\Contents\Support\PlotStyles

Table below shows colour numbers and assigned thicknesses which are used in the CTB file for
colours 1 to 9. Colour 9 is used for No plot objects. The major advantage of this approach is that the
H
line thicknesses are clear even from the model space.

Pen
Colour
Colour Thickness
EC

Number
(mm)
1 Red 0.18
2 Yellow 0.25
3 Green 0.35
4 Cyan 0.50
5 Blue 0.70
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6 Magenta 1.00
7 White 1.40
8 Dark Grey 2.00
VO

9 Light Grey 0.00

Road in plan with various line thicknesses:


DE

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Text (Font, Size)

The original font used in Devotech template was Romans (text height 1.8, 2.5, 3.5 mm) and Romand
(text height 5 and 7mm). This is the reason why most of the print screens have this font. Later on
Devotech decided to use Arial font as most of the clients moved to Arial font as well. Font can be
changed for entire template in the Text Style window. Different styles are assigned to the Civil 3D
labels according to the text height. Each text height can use different font.

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

Text colours are assigned according to its size so it is easier for the designer to distinguish between
different text heights, see table below:

Text Size (mm) Colour


1.8 Red
2.5 Yellow
3.5 Green
T

5.0 Cyan
7.0 Blue
VO

Example of the text sizes and colours in the table:


DE

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Layers

All Civil 3D layers contain a prefix C3D to differentiate them from other AutoCAD layers. For example
there are three layers for alignment objects in the template: C3D-Alignment, C3D-Alignment-Label,
C3D-Alignment-Table. The following picture shows some layers used in the template:

CA
RI
AF
H
Simple objects colour is taken from the layer colour, so when the layer colour changes, the style colour
changes as well. This is very practical for the customization. Unfortunately this approach cannot be
EC

used for more complex objects (such as tables, surface styles etc.) To change these complex object
colours, the style must be modified.

Object which should not be plotted (alignment tags, parcel segment tags, bellmouth alignments), are
automatically placed into the layer: C3D-No Plot Objects. This layer has colour 9 and it should be
switched off before final plotting.
T
VO
DE

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Coordinates

If the label style name contains RSA YX, it means that the AutoCAD coordinates are automatically
swapped, X with Y and multiplied by -1. This is necessary for South African projects since the
coordinate system of South Africa is different to the AutoCAD coordinate system.

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

Chainage
T

Default chainage values are in meters in the template but styles for both meters and kilometres are
VO

available. If the style contains chainage unit value then it will use those units, e.g.:
Major-Above CL (Km) and Major-Above CL (m)
Single Road | Band Set 1 | km and Single Road | Band Set 1 | m.
DE

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Drawing Source Template Version

To find out which template version is the drawing based on, go to command File Drawing
Properties, tab Summary:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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SURFACE

Surface Styles

Border

CA
RI
Contours (1m and 5m)-Grey Style
AF
H
T EC
VO

Contours [1m and 5m]-Coloured Style | Border


DE

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Contours {1m and 5m}-For Contours Analysis

CA
RI
AF
Directions H
T EC

Elevations
VO
DE

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Elevations (Exaggeration 1) Top View

CA
RI
AF
Elevations (Exaggeration 1) Isometric View H
T EC

Elevations (Exaggeration 1) Isometric View, Realistic visual style


VO
DE

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Elevations (Exaggeration 5) Isometric View, Realistic visual style

CA
RI
AF
Elevations (Exaggeration 10) Isometric View, Realistic visual style
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Grid Top View

CA
RI
Grid Isometric View
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Grid (Exaggeration 5) Isometric View

CA
RI
AF
H
Grid (Exaggeration 10) Isometric View
T EC
VO
DE

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Points | Border

CA
RI
Slope Arrows (Arrow Size 20m) AF
H
T EC

Slope Arrows (Arrow Size 2m)


VO
DE

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Slopes

CA
RI
Triangles
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Triangles | Border

CA
RI
AF
H
Triangles | Points
T EC
VO
DE

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Triangles | Points | Border

CA
RI
AF
H
Triangles | Points | Contours [1m and 5m]
T EC
VO
DE

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User Defined Contour

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

Watersheds
T
VO
DE

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Watersheds | Contours [1m and 5m] | Slope Arrows (Arrow Size 2m)

CA
RI
AF
H
Watersheds | Elevations | Exaggeration 10 Isometric view
T EC
VO
DE

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Watersheds | Labels

CA
RI
Label detail:

AF
H
Watersheds | Labels | Slope Arrows (Arrow Size 20m)
T EC
VO
DE

Label detail:

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Watersheds | Labels | Slope Arrows (Arrow Size 2m)

CA
RI
Watersheds | Slope Arrows (Arrow Size 20m)
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Watersheds | Slope Arrows (Arrow Size 2m)

CA
RI
Watersheds | Triangles Isometric view
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Watersheds | Triangles | Exaggeration 10 Isometric View

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Surface Labels

Slope Labels

Percent

CA
Rise over Run

RI
AF
Run over Rise

Spot Elevation
H
Spot Elevation | Text Size 2.5mm | Precision 0.01
EC

Spot Elevation | Text Size 2.5mm | Precision 0.001

Spot Elevation | Text Size 3.5mm | Precision 0.01


T

Spot Elevation | Text Size 3.5mm | Precision 0.001


VO

Spot Elevation | Text Size 5mm | Precision 0.01


DE

Spot Elevation | Text Size 5mm | Precision 0.001

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Contours

Elevation | Precision 0.001

CA
Elevation | Precision 0.01

RI
AF
Elevation | Precision 0.1
H
Elevation | Precision 1
T EC
VO
DE

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Watershed

Watershed Description

CA
Surface Tables

RI
Elevation

Min Elevation | Max Elevation | Area | Colour

AF
H
EC

Direction
T

Min Direction | Max Direction | Colour


VO
DE

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Slope

Min Slope | Max Slope | Area | Colour

CA
RI
AF
Slope Arrow

Min Slope | Max Slope | Colour


H
T EC
VO

Co n t o u r

Min Elevation | Max Elevation


DE

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the express permission of Devotech Africa CC
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User Defined Contour

Description | Elevation

CA
Watershed

Watersheds

RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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PARCELS

Parcels Styles

The hatch used for hatch style was developed by Devotech. It can be found here:
C:\ProgramData\Autodesk\ApplicationPlugins\DEVOTECH.Bundle\Contents\Support\Hatch

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC

Parcels Label Styles Area

For parcels labels the colour 251 is used to ensure visibility on any parcel style. This colour is printed
VO

black if Devotech CTB file is used.

Name | Number | Area (ha) | Perimeter


DE

Name | Number | Area (m2) | Perimeter

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Number

CA
Number | Area (ha)

RI
Number | Area (ha) | Perimeter

Number | Area (m2)


AF
H
EC

Number | Area (m2) | Perimeter


T
VO
DE

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the express permission of Devotech Africa CC
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GRADING

Grading styles

Grading with Slope Pattern-Cut

CA
Grading with Slope Pattern-Fill

RI
Grading with Slope Pattern-General

AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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POINTS

Point Styles

Point Style | Circle with Cross

CA
Point Style | Cross

Point Style | Dot

RI
Point Style | Plus

AF
Point Style | Plus for Grid
H
EC

Point Style | Tick

Point Labels
T

Description
VO

Description | RSA YX

Description | YX
DE

Elevation

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Elevation and Description

Lat | Long

CA
Name

Point Number

RI
Point Number | Description

AF
Point Number | Elevation | Description

Point Number | Lat | Long


H
Point Number | RSA YX
EC

Point Number | RSA YXZ


T

Point Number | RSA YXZ | Description


VO

Point Number | YX
DE

Point Number | YXZ

Point Number | YXZ | Description

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the express permission of Devotech Africa CC
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SurveyGrid

CA
SurveyGrid_Non RSA

RI
Point tables

Description | RSA YX-For Town Planning

AF
H
EC

Description | RSA YXZ


T
VO

Description | RSA YXZ-For Bridge Bearings


DE

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the express permission of Devotech Africa CC
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Description | YX-For Town Planning

CA
Description | YXZ

RI
Description | YXZ-For Bridge Bearings
AF
H
EC

Description | Z-For Bridge Bearings


T
VO

Name | RSA YX-For Town Planning


DE

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Point Number | RSA YX

CA
Point Number | RSA YXZ

RI
Point Number | YX
AF
H
EC

Point Number | YXZ


T
VO
DE

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ALIGNMENT

Alignment Styles

Alignment Offset-No Plot Style

CA
RI
Alignment Offset-Red

Curb Return (No Plot Style)


AF
H
EC

Pipe
T
VO

Road
DE

Yellow Continuous Line

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Alignment Label Sets

Major-Above CL (Km)

CA
Major-Above CL (Km) | Minor-Ticks

RI
Major-Above CL (Km) | Minor-Ticks | Geom. Points-Left Side

AF
H
EC

Major-Above CL (Km) | Minor-Ticks | Geom. Points-Right Side


T
VO

Major-Above CL (m)
DE

Major-Above CL (m) | Geom. Points-Left Side

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Major-Above CL (m) | Geom. Points-Right Side

CA
Major-Left Side-Perpend. to CL (m) | Minor-Ticks | Geom. Points

RI
AF
Major-On CL (Km) H
Major-On CL (Km) | Minor-Ticks
T EC

Major-On CL (Km) | Minor-Ticks | Geom. Points-Left Side


VO
DE

Major-On CL (Km) | Minor-Ticks | Geom. Points-Right Side

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Major-On CL (m)

CA
Major-On CL (m) | Geom. Points-Left Side

RI
Major-On CL (m) | Geom. Points-Right Side

AF
H
Major-On CL-Perpend. to CL (km)
T EC

Major-On CL-Perpend. to CL (km) | Geom. Points-Perpend. to CL


VO
DE

Major-On CL-Perpend. to CL (m)

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Major-On CL-Perpend. to CL (m) | Geom. Points-Perpend. to CL

CA
Major-Right Side-Perpend. to CL (m) | Minor-Ticks | Geom. Points

RI
Station Offset Labels

Name | Chainage | Offset | RSA YX AF


H
EC

Name | Chainage | Offset | YX


T
VO
DE

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Line Labels

BR

CA
BR | ER (For Straight Alignment)

RI
End

ER

PI | Number from Curve Group Index


AF
H
EC

Start

Start | End (For Straight Alignment)


T
VO

Curve Labels

BCC | PI | ECC | Number from Alignment Segment Number


DE

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BCC | PI | ECC | Number from Curve Group Index

CA
Curve Number from Alignment Segment Number

RI
Curve Number from Alignment Segment Number | Radius (Precision 0.001m)

AF
Curve Number from Alignment Segment Number | Radius (Precision 1m)
H
EC

Curve Number from Curve Group Index

Curve Number from Curve Group Index | Radius (Precision 0.001m)


T
VO

Curve Number from Curve Group Index | Radius (Precision 1m)


DE

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Spiral Labels

For better clarity, the transition curve colour was set to green in this document.

Transition In | Number from Alignment Segment Number

CA
RI
Transition In | Number from Curve Group Index

Transition In-Out | Number from Curve Group Index


AF
H
EC

Transition Number from Alignment Segment Number


T

Transition Out | Number from Alignment Segment Number


VO
DE

Transition Out | Number from Curve Group Index

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Tangent Intersection

Styles for PI points are the same, the difference is where the PI number is taken from.

PI | Number from Curve Group Index

CA
PI | Number from Alignment Segment Number

RI
Curve Tables
AF
Curve table name contains name of curve label style which must be used to get correct result.
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Description | RSA YX | Radius | Length | Tc | Delta (For Curve Number Label)

CA
Description | YX | Radius | Length | Tc | Delta (For Curve Number Label)

RI
Sanral Part2-RSA YX (For Curve Number Label)
AF
Sanral Part1-Radius | Length | Tc | Delta (For Curve Number Label)

(These styles should be used together, the picture below shows both of them)
H
T EC
VO

YX | Radius | Length | Tc | Delta (For Curve Number Label)


DE

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RSA YX | Radius | Length | Tc | Delta (For BCC | PI | ECC Label)

CA
YX | Radius | Length | Tc | Delta (For BCC | PI | ECC Label

RI
Segment Tables (Setting Out Data Tables) AF
Line label used for tangents will be automatically used in the table. Line label styles are START, END,
H
BR, ER (Beginning of Road, End of Road) as it is shown in picture below. User can choose labels
which must be used in the tables.
T EC
VO

Setting Out Data-CH(m) | RSA YX | Length-(For Straight Alignment)


DE

Setting Out Data-RSA YX | Length-(For Straight Alignment)

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Setting Out Data-CH(m) | RSA YX | R | DA | TL | L- (For Curve Number Label)

CA
RI
Setting Out Data-CH(m) | RSA YX | R | DA | TL | L-(For BCC | PI | ECC Label)-Style1

AF
H
T EC

Setting Out Data-CH(m) | RSA YX | R | DA | TL | L-(For BCC | PI | ECC Label)-Style2


VO
DE

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Setting Out Data-CH(m) | RSA YX | Radius | Length (For Curve Number Label)

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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PROFILE

Profile Styles

ETW-Left

CA
RI
ETW-Right

AF
H
EC

Existing Ground
T
VO

Existing Ground - Left Offset


DE

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Existing Ground - Right Offset

CA
RI
Road Top Surface

AF
H
Roads
T EC
VO

Superimposed Profile
DE

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Stripping

CA
Label Styles

Label Sets

RI
Grade | Radius | Length (This label set is suitable for design purposes)

High & Low Points | Chainage (km) | Elevation


AF
H
T EC

High & Low Points | Chainage (m) | Elevation


VO
DE

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PVI Point | High & Low Points | Chainage (km) | Elevation

CA
RI
AF
PVI Point | High & Low Points | Chainage (m) | Elevation
H
T EC

PVI Point | Chainage (km) | Elevation


VO
DE

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PVI Point | Chainage (m) | Elevation

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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PROFILE VIEW (LONGSECTION)


In Civil 3D, the Longsection is called Profile View. The bands under the profile view are called
Profile View Bands, see picture below.

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

Profile View Styles

Profile View style must correspond with Profile View Band Set which is used. Band set is group of
bands. Profile View style name contains name of band set for which it must be used e.g.: profile view
For Single Road | Band Set 1 | Full Grid must be used with band set Single Road | Band Set 1 |
T

km or Single Road | Band Set 1 | m.


Example of profile view styles and bend sets which belong to each other:
VO
DE

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There are three profile view styles available for most of the profile view band sets:
....| Full Grid
....| Major Grid
....| Major Horizontal Grid.

The difference between them is obvious from the pictures below.

CA
....| Full Grid

RI
....| Major Grid

AF
H
....| Major Horizontal Grid
T EC
VO
DE

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Profile View Styles for Split Profiles

If split profile is used than split profile styles must be applied in Split profile view data. For the first
section of split profile view must be used style Split Profile | .... Grid | First Section and for the following
sections must be used style Split Profile | .... Grid | Following Section. There are also three grid styles
for split profile styles available:
Full Grid

CA
Major Grid
Major Horizontal Grid.

RI
AF
H
EC

Split Profile View (road profile is switched off)


T
VO
DE

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Profile View Band Sets

Band set name contains purpose for which it should be used, band set number and chainage units
(km or m). The reason of having band set number is that template contains more band sets for certain
kind of project. For example for single roads template contains three band sets and every band set is
available with chainage in meters and kilometres:
Single Road | Band Set 1 | m

CA
Single Road | Band Set 1 | km

Single Road | Band Set 2 | m


Single Road | Band Set 2 | km

Single Road | Band Set 3 | m


Single Road | Band Set 3 | km.

RI
Profile view bands need to read data from the profiles. For this purpose Profile 1 and Profile 2 must
be set. The band style name shows what should be set as a Profile 1 and Profile 2. At this stage the
profiles for the left and right edge are not available because they will be created from a corridor, see
chapter Corridors for the details applicable to the road edges. NA means that it is Not Applicable so

AF
it does not matter what profile is used.
Profile 1 is used to define geometry points at which band details must be displayed (beginning of
vertical curve, end of vertical curve, PVI, start, end, etc.). Profile 2 is used for the elevation values,
which are displayed in the band:
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Dual Road | Band Set 1 | km

CA
RI
Dual Road | Band Set 2 | km
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Multipurpose | Band Set 1 | km

CA
RI
Multipurpose | Band Set 1 | m

AF
H
EC

Multipurpose | Band Set 2 | km


T
VO

Multipurpose | Band Set 2 | m


DE

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Single Road | Band Set 1 | km

CA
RI
Single Road | Band Set 1 | m
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Single Road | Band Set 2 | km

CA
RI
AF
H
Single Road | Band Set 2 | m
T EC
VO
DE

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Single Road | Band Set 3 | km

CA
RI
Single Road | Band Set 3 | m AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Pipe | Stormwater & Sewer | m

CA
RI
Pipe | Water | m

AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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SAMPLE LINES

Sample line styles

Universal Style

CA
RI
Sample line labels

AF
Chainage (km)
H
EC

Chainage (m)
T
VO
DE

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SECTION

Section Styles

Datum Surface

CA
Existing Ground

RI
AF
Stripping
H
Top Surface
T EC
VO
DE

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SECTION VIEW

Section View Styles

View Style 1 | No Grid | km

CA
RI
View Style 1 | No Grid | km | Exaggeration 2

AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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View Style 1 | No Grid | km | Exaggeration 2.5

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

View Style 1 | No Grid | m


T
VO
DE

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View Style 1 | No Grid | m | Exaggeration 2

CA
RI
View Style 1 | No Grid | m | Exaggeration 2.5
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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View Style 2 | Major Grid | km | Exaggeration 2

CA
RI
View Style 2 | Major Grid | km | Exaggeration 2.5
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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View Style 2 | Major Grid | m | Exaggeration 2

CA
RI
View Style 2 | Major Grid | m | Exaggeration 2.5

AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Section View Label Styles

Offset Elevation

Elevation

CA
Offset | Elevation

RI
Grade

Grade | % AF
H
Grade | Rise over Run
EC

Bend Sets

NGL | Offset
T
VO
DE

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Table Styles

Total Volume

Cut Fill | Area | Volume | Cumul. Volume | Net Volume

CA
RI
AF
Material

Material | Area | Volume | Cumulative Volume


H
EC

Example of cross section with Total Volume Table:


T
VO
DE

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MASS HAUL LINE


Yellow Mass Haul Line

CA
MASS HAUL VIEW
Mass Haul Diagram

RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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PIPE NETWORK

Parts Lists

Pipe network part lists used in this template will only work with the Devotech pipe catalogs also called
SAPC (South African Pipe Catalogue).

CA
Sewer network part list

Pipes included in the sewer part lists:

Amanzi Starway HDPE SANS 647 2011


Asbestos Cement Series 1

RI
Asbestos Cement Series 2
Asbestos Cement Series 3
Asbestos Cement Series 4
Clay Class 1 SANS 559
Clay Class 2 SANS 559

AF
Flowtite GRP Class PN1 SN 10000 STIS
Flowtite GRP Class PN1 SN 5000 STIS
Flowtite GRP Class PN10 SN 10000 STIS
Flowtite GRP Class PN10 SN 5000 STIS
Flowtite GRP Class PN16 SN 10000 STIS
Flowtite GRP Class PN16 SN 5000 STIS
Flowtite GRP Class PN20 SN 10000 STIS
Flowtite GRP Class PN20 SN 5000 STIS
H
Flowtite GRP Class PN25 SN 10000 STIS
Flowtite GRP Class PN25 SN 5000 STIS
Flowtite GRP Class PN32 SN 10000 STIS
EC

Flowtite GRP Class PN6 SN 10000 STIS


Flowtite GRP Class PN6 SN 5000 STIS
Marley HDPE PE 100 Class 12.5
Marley HDPE PE 100 Class 16
Marley HDPE PE 100 Class PN10
Marley HDPE PE 100 Class PN20
Marley HDPE PE 100 Class PN25
T

Marley HDPE PE 100 Class PN34


Marley HDPE PE 100 Class PN4
Marley HDPE PE 100 Class PN5
VO

Marley HDPE PE 100 Class PN6


Marley HDPE PE 100 Class PN8
Nutec Fibre Cement Class 1
Nutec Fibre Cement Class 2
Nutec Fibre Cement Class 3
Nutec Fibre Cement Class 4
Orifice Model Link
DE

Outlet Model Link


Petzetakis SWP Weholite HDPE
ROCLA Sewer Class 100D SANS 677
ROCLA Sewer Class 50D SANS 677
ROCLA Sewer Class 75D SANS 677
Salberg In-the-Wall Joint Class 100 D SANS 677
Salberg In-the-Wall Joint Class 50 D SANS 677
Salberg In-the-Wall Joint Class 75 D SANS 677
Salberg Spigot and Socket Class 100 D SANS 677
Salberg Spigot and Socket Class 50 D SANS 677

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Salberg Spigot and Socket Class 75 D SANS 677


uPVC Class 34
uPVC Class 51
Vectus GRP Class PN10 SN 5000 STIS
Vectus GRP Class PN12 SN 5000 STIS
Vectus GRP Class PN16 SN 5000 STIS
Vectus GRP Class PN20 SN 5000 STIS

CA
Vectus GRP Class PN25 SN 5000 STIS
Vectus GRP Class PN6 SN 5000 STIS
Weir Model Link

Structures included in the sewer part lists:

RI
Connect to existing
Dummy Manhole
Grid Inlets
House Connection
Null Structure

AF
Outfall
Outlet
Pump
ROCLA Manholes
Salberg Manholes
Weholite Manholes
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Storm water network part list

Pipes included in the storm water part lists:

Amanzi Starway HDPE SANS 647 2011


Irregular Channel
Nutec Fibre Cement Class 1

CA
Nutec Fibre Cement Class 2
Nutec Fibre Cement Class 3
Nutec Fibre Cement Class 4
Orifice Model Link
Outlet Model Link
Petzetakis SWP Weholite HDPE
Rectangular Channel

RI
ROCLA In the Wall Joint Pipes Class 100D SANS 677
ROCLA Interlocking Class 100D SANS 677
ROCLA Interlocking Class 50D SANS 677
ROCLA Interlocking Class 75D SANS 677
ROCLA Rectangular Portals SABS 986

AF
ROCLA Ribbed Skew Haunch Portals SABS 986
ROCLA SATS SAR Rectangular Portals SABS 986
ROCLA Spigot and Socket Class 100D SANS 677
ROCLA Spigot and Socket Class 50D SANS 677
ROCLA Spigot and Socket Class 75D SANS 677
Salberg In-the-Wall Joint Class 100 D SANS 677
Salberg In-the-Wall Joint Class 50 D SANS 677

H
Salberg In-the-Wall Joint Class 75 D SANS 677
Salberg OG Joint Class 100 D SANS 677
Salberg OG Joint Class 50 D SANS 677
Salberg OG Joint Class 75 D SANS 677
EC

Salberg Spigot and Socket Class 100 D SANS 677


Salberg Spigot and Socket Class 50 D SANS 677
Salberg Spigot and Socket Class 75 D SANS 677
Trapezoidal Channel 1 in 1.5
Trapezoidal Channel 1 in 2
Trapezoidal Channel 1 in 2.5
Trapezoidal Channel 1 in 3
T

Trapezoidal Channel 1 in 3.5


Trapezoidal Channel 1 in 4

VO

Trapezoidal Channel 1 in 4.5


Trapezoidal Channel 1 in 5
Weir Model Link
DE

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Structures included in the storm water part lists:

Connect to existing
Culvert Rectangular Headwall
Drop Inlets
Dummy Manhole
Field Inlets

CA
Grid Inlets
Grid Inlets-Double
Grid Inlets-GT
Grid Inlets-Triple
Junction boxes
Kerb Inlets
Kerb Inlets with Chute

RI
Kerb Inlets-JRA
Kerb Inlets-Tshwane
Null Structure
Orifice
Outfall

AF
Outlet
Outlet-Pond
Pump
ROCLA Manholes
Storage Units
Transition Structure
Weholite Manholes

H
Weir
T EC
VO
DE

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Water network part list

Pipes included in the water part list:

Aquaflow HDPE PE 100 PN 20


Asbestos Cement CID Class A
Asbestos Cement CID Class B

CA
Asbestos Cement CID Class C
Asbestos Cement CID Class D
Asbestos Cement CID Class E
Asbestos Cement CID Class F
Asbestos Cement COD Class B
Asbestos Cement COD Class C
Asbestos Cement COD Class D

RI
Asbestos Cement COD Class E
Asbestos Cement COD Class F
ASTM A106 API 5L SAW or ERW
Ductile Iron K7
Ductile Iron K9

AF
Duroflo uPVC Class 12 SABS 966 Part 1
Duroflo uPVC Class 16 SABS 966 Part 1
Duroflo uPVC Class 20 SABS 966 Part 1
Duroflo uPVC Class 4 SABS 966 Part 1
Duroflo uPVC Class 6 SABS 966 Part 1
Duroflo uPVC Class 9 SABS 966 Part 1
Flowtite GRP Class PN1 SN 10000 STIS

H
Flowtite GRP Class PN1 SN 5000 STIS
Flowtite GRP Class PN10 SN 10000 STIS
Flowtite GRP Class PN10 SN 5000 STIS
Flowtite GRP Class PN16 SN 10000 STIS
EC

Flowtite GRP Class PN16 SN 5000 STIS


Flowtite GRP Class PN20 SN 10000 STIS
Flowtite GRP Class PN20 SN 5000 STIS
Flowtite GRP Class PN25 SN 10000 STIS
Flowtite GRP Class PN25 SN 5000 STIS
Flowtite GRP Class PN32 SN 10000 STIS
Flowtite GRP Class PN6 SN 10000 STIS
T

Flowtite GRP Class PN6 SN 5000 STIS


GRE Bondstrand 2000

VO

GRE Bondstrand 2000G


GRE Bondstrand 4000
GRE Bondstrand 7000
GRE Bondstrand 7000G
Group Five Pipe Spirally Welded (Saw)
Hall Longmore Spirally Welded (Saw)
HDPE PE 100 PN 10 SABS ISO 4427 and DIN 8074

DE

Lula Pressure Steel Pipes


Marley HDPE PE 100 Class 12.5
Marley HDPE PE 100 Class 16
Marley HDPE PE 100 Class PN10
Marley HDPE PE 100 Class PN20
Marley HDPE PE 100 Class PN25
Marley HDPE PE 100 Class PN34
Marley HDPE PE 100 Class PN4
Marley HDPE PE 100 Class PN5
Marley HDPE PE 100 Class PN6
Marley HDPE PE 100 Class PN8

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Marley mPVC Class PN12


Marley mPVC Class PN16
Marley mPVC Class PN20
Marley mPVC Class PN25
Marley mPVC Class PN6
Marley mPVC Class PN9
Marley uPVC Class PN12

CA
Marley uPVC Class PN16
Marley uPVC Class PN20
Marley uPVC Class PN25
Marley uPVC Class PN4
Marley uPVC Class PN6
Marley uPVC Class PN9
Molecor TOM PVC-O Class PN12.5

RI
Molecor TOM PVC-O Class PN16
Molecor TOM PVC-O Class PN20
Molecor TOM PVC-O Class PN25
Petzetakis HDPE PE 100 PN 10 SABS ISO 4427 and DIN 8074
Petzetakis HDPE PE 100 PN 12.5 SABS ISO 4427 and DIN 8074

AF
Petzetakis HDPE PE 100 PN 16 SABS ISO 4427 and DIN 8074
Petzetakis uPVC PN12 SABS 966 Part 1
Petzetakis uPVC PN9 SABS 966 Part 1
ROCLA Pressure Pipes T2 SANS 676
ROCLA Pressure Pipes T4 SANS 676
ROCLA Pressure Pipes T6 SANS 676
ROCLA Pressure Pipes T8 SANS 676

H
SANS 719 2011 Steel Pipes
Steel Pressure 25 Bar
Ultraflo mPVC PN12 SANS 966-2
Ultraflo mPVC PN16 SANS 966-2
EC

Ultraflo mPVC PN20 SANS 966-2


Ultraflo mPVC PN25 SANS 966-2
Ultraflo mPVC PN6 SANS 966-2
Ultraflo mPVC PN9 SANS 966-2
Vectus GRP Class PN10 SN 5000 STIS
Vectus GRP Class PN12 SN 5000 STIS
Vectus GRP Class PN16 SN 5000 STIS
T

Vectus GRP Class PN20 SN 5000 STIS


Vectus GRP Class PN25 SN 5000 STIS

VO

Vectus GRP Class PN6 SN 5000 STIS


Vinidex PVC-O International Series Class 10
Vinidex PVC-O International Series Class 12.5
Vinidex PVC-O Series 2 Class 12.5
Vinidex PVC-O Series 2 Class 16
Vinidex PVC-O Series 2 Class 20
Xinxing Ductile Iron Pipes TYTON Joint (Class K9)
DE

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Structures included in the water part lists:

Access Manhole
Actuating Valve
Air Valve
Air Valve with 600mm MH
Borehole

CA
Butterfly Valve
Combined Thrust Block
Connect to Existing-Water
Crossings
Double House Connection
Endcap
Expansion Joint

RI
Fire Hose Reel
Fire Hydrant
Flow Control Valve
General Purpose Valve
Horizontal and Verical Bend

AF
Horizontal Bend
Horizontal Thrust Block
Inline Sluice Valve
Inline Sluice Valve with Double Scours
Isolating Valve
Junction
Mag Flow

H
Meter
Non Return Valve
Non Return Valve with Double Scours
None Structure
EC

Null Structure
Pipe connection
Pipe Locator Test Point
Pressure Breaker Valve
Pressure Reducing Valve
Pressure Sustaining Valve
Pump
T

Reflux Valve
Reservoir
Saddle
VO

Scour Valve
Single House Connection
Tank
Throttle Control Valve
Vertical Bend
Vertical Thrust Block
Water Hammer
DE

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Pipe Styles

Channels are drawn with solid line, sewer pipes with double dash dot line, water pipes with dash dot
line and storm water pipes with dash line so it is easier to distinguish between different networks when
drawing is plotted black and white. New pipes are plotted with thickness 0.35 mm, styles for existing
pipes are using yellow colour which is plotted with thickness 0.25 mm.

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Channel
Channel styles is in the C3D-No Plot Object layer because channels are most of the time modelled
with corridor and displayed with contours. Corridor cannot be used directly for analysis so one option
is to model channel with link (similar object like pipe) and to switch it off before final plot.

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Channel-Irregular

Jacking

Orifice Model Link

Outlet Model Link


AF
H
Sewer-Existing
EC

Sewer-Existing | Section style for Longsection


T
VO

Sewer (different sizes have the same style)

Sewer | House Connection


DE

Sewer | Section style for Longsection

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Stormwater (different sizes have the same style)

Stormwater-Existing

Stormwater-Existing | Section style for Longsection

CA
RI
Stormwater | Section style for Longsection

AF
H
Water
EC

Water-Existing

Water-Existing | Section style for Longsection


T
VO

Water | Section style for Longsection


DE

Weir Model Link

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Structure Styles

Actuating Valve

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Air Valve

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Combined Thrust Block

AF
Conveyor Crossing

Double House Connection


H
Expansion Joint
EC

Fire Hose Reel


T

Fire Hydrant
VO

Fire Hydrant-Twin
DE

Flow Control Valve

General Purpose Valve

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Horizontal Thrust Block

Isolating Valve

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Junction

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Pipe Crossing

AF
Pressure Breaker Valve

Pressure Reducing Valve


H
EC

Pressure Sustaining Valve

Pump
T
VO

Rail Crossing

Reservoir
DE

Road Crossing

Saddle

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Scour Valve

Sewer Connect to Existing

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Sewer Divider

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Sewer Divider-Existing

AF
Sewer Grid Inlet

Sewer House Connection


H
Sewer Manhole
EC

Sewer Manhole-Dummy
T

Sewer Manhole-Existing
VO

Sewer Orifice
DE

Sewer Outfall

Sewer Outfall-Existing

Sewer Outlet

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Sewer Storage Unit

Sewer Storage Unit-Existing

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Sewer Weir

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Single House Connection

Stormwater Channel Joint

Stormwater Connect to Existing


AF
H
Stormwater Culvert Rectangular Headwall
EC

Stormwater Divider

Stormwater Divider-Existing
T
VO

Stormwater Drop Inlet

Stormwater Drop Inlet-Existing


DE

Stormwater Field Inlet

Stormwater Field Inlet-Existing

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Stormwater Grid Inlet

Stormwater Grid Inlet-Double

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Stormwater Grid Inlet-Existing

Stormwater Grid Inlet-GT

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Stormwater Grid Inlet-Triple

AF
Stormwater Junction Box

Stormwater Junction Box-Existing


H
Stormwater Kerb Inlet
EC

Stormwater Kerb Inlet-Existing

Stormwater Kerb Inlet-JRA L2m LH


T
VO

Stormwater Kerb Inlet-JRA L2m RH

Stormwater Kerb Inlet-JRA L3m LH


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Stormwater Kerb Inlet-JRA L3m RH

Stormwater Kerb Inlet-JRA L4m LH

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Stormwater Kerb Inlet-JRA L4m RH

Stormwater Kerb Inlet-Tshwane various types


Devotech Africa template contains many Tshwane kerb inlets with different catch pit length (CP) and
downstream catch pit transition (DCT). Kerb inlets with DCT = 1 m have a scale which helps to

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position the inlet in relation with bellmouth. This scale is in the C3D-No Plot Object layer so if this
layer is frozen then the scale is not visible.

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Example of Kerb inlet with DCT = 2 m:

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Template also contains low point curb inlets with various lengths:

Stormwater Kerb Inlet L2m LH


H
Stormwater Kerb Inlet L2m RH
EC

Stormwater Kerb Inlet L3m LH


T

Stormwater Kerb Inlet L3m RH


VO

Stormwater Kerb Inlet L4m LH


DE

Stormwater Kerb Inlet L4m RH

Stormwater Kerb Inlet with Chute L2m LH

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Stormwater Kerb Inlet with Chute L2m RH

Stormwater Kerb Inlet with Chute L3m LH

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Stormwater Kerb Inlet with Chute L3m RH

Stormwater Kerb Inlet with Chute L4m LH

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Stormwater Kerb Inlet with Chute L4m RH

Stormwater Manhole

Stormwater Manhole-Dummy AF
H
Stormwater Manhole-Existing
EC

Stormwater Orifice

Stormwater Outfall
T

Stormwater Outfall-Existing
VO

Stormwater Outlet
DE

Stormwater Outlet-Pond

Stormwater Outlet-Pond JRA

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Stormwater Storage Unit

Stormwater Storage Unit-Existing

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Stormwater Transition Structure

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Stormwater Weir

AF
Tank

Throttle Control Valve


H
Vertical Thrust Block
EC

Water-Access Manhole
T

Water-Air Valve With 60mm Access MH


VO

Water-Borehole
DE

Water-Butterfly Valve

Water-Connect to Existing

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Water-Endcap

Water-Inline Sluice Valve

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Water-Inline Sluice Valve With Double Scours

Water-Mag Flow

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Water-Meter

Water-Non Return Valve

Water-Non Return Valve with Double Scours


AF
H
EC

Water-None Structure

Water-Pipe Connection
T
VO

Water-Pipe Locator Test Point

Water-Reflux Valve
DE

Water-Water Hammer

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Pipe Labels

Plan Profile

Diameter

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Diameter | Class

Diameter | Class | 2D Length (Center to Center)

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AF
Diameter | Name H
Diameter | Name | Q | V
EC

Diameter | Slope (%)


T
VO

Diameter | Slope (%) | Name


DE

Diameter | Slope (%) | Name | Direction

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Diameter | Slope (%) | Name | Q | V | Flow Depth | Direction

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Diameter | Slope (Rise over Run)

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AF
Diameter | Slope (Rise over Run) | Name
H
Direction
EC

Name

Name | 2D Length (Center to Center)


T
VO

Network Name | Diameter (For Crossing Pipes)


DE

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Slope (%)

Slope (Rise over Run)

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Crossing Section

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Diameter | Class

AF
Diameter | Class | Name
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Structure Labels

Plan | Name

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Plan | Name | Connected Pipes

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Plan | Name | Connected Pipes | Inverts

Plan | Name | Inflow | Lateral Inflow | Total Inflow


AF
H
EC

Plan | Name |Type


T
VO

Plan | Name |Type | UCT | CP | DCT


DE

Plan | Structure Size

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Profile | Name

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Profile | Structure Size

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AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Pipe Tables

Name | Invert Levels | 3D Length | Diameter | Class

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RI
Name | Invert Levels | 3D Length | Slope | Diameter | Class

AF
H
NMBM | Proposed Sewer Erf Connection Setting Out Details
EC

NMBM is a style developed according to the requirements of Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality.
Erf number must be written manually into the pipe User Defined Field 2 property, see image below:
T
VO
DE

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Structure Tables

Name | RSA YX

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RI
Name | RSA YX | Invert Levels | Material

AF
H
Name | RSA YX | Rim Elevation | Sump Depth
T EC
VO

Name | RSA YX | Rim Elevation | Sump Elevation | Sump Depth | Invert Levels | Material
DE

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Name | RSA YX | Type | UCT | CP | DCT

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Name | RSA YXZ | Chainage (Km)

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Name | RSA YXZ | Chainage (m)

AF
H
EC

Name | YX
T
VO

Name | YX | Invert Levels | Material


DE

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Name | YX | Rim Elevation | Sump Depth

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Name | YX | Rim Elevation | Sump Elevation | Sump Depth | Invert Levels | Material

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Name | YX | Type | UCT | CP | DCT
AF
H
EC

Name | YXZ | Chainage (Km)


T
VO

Name | YXZ | Chainage (m)


DE

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NMBM | Proposed Main Sewer Particulars

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NMBM is a style developed according to the requirements of Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality.

NMBM | Proposed Water Setting Out Data

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AF
NMBM is a style developed according to the requirements of Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality.
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Interference Checks

Interference Check-Interference Solid

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RI
Interference Check-Interference Solid Realistic Visual Style

Interference Check-Spherical Style


AF
H
T EC

Interference Check-Spherical Style Realistic Visual Style


VO
DE

Interference Check-Spherical Style Realistic Visual Style, Isometric View

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SHAPE STYLES
These hatch styles can be used for various objects, in some applications the user might need to
change hatch scale to get desired result.

Backfill

CA
RI
Bedding

Cut

AF
H
Fill
EC

Hatch | Ansi 31 Backwards


T
VO

Hatch | Ansi 31 Forward


DE

Hatch | Ansi 37

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Hatch | AR Sand

Hatch | Dots

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Hatch | Earth

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Hatch | Grass

AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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CODE SET STYLES


All Codes
This code set style contains all default Civil 3D codes. It can be used for a new code set style
development

Assembly

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This style is used for assembly. It displays code name for points, links and shapes:

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AF
H
EC

Corridor
This code set style is used of corridors in plan and in the cross sections. Edge of travelled ways (ETW)
and daylights (toe lines) are drawn with green line feature lines (0.35 mm thickness), other lines are
mostly yellow (0.25 mm thickness).
T
VO

Corridor with Links in Plan


This code set style shows assembly links in plan as grey lines. It is useful during design process
especially for intersections and complex corridors.
DE

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Corridor for Realistic View Style

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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CIVIL 3D ESSENTIALS
This manual explains basic procedures and operations of AutoCAD Civil 3D. Devotech Africa uses this
training manual in conjunction with an instructor-led class. Most of the procedures and operations
have accompanying pictures to illustrate how to achieve the desired results. Use this manual as a
point of reference after completing the AutoCAD Civil 3D course.

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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USER INTERFACE

Overview

AutoCAD Civil 3D is an object-oriented design environment with defined interactions between civil
design objects. For example, changes made to the elevations of a surface will result in changes to
surface Profiles and cross sections. AutoCAD Civil 3D uses major land development components as

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interactive objects. The result is a software environment suited to design, with production drafting as a
by-product of the design process.

There are several different tools in AutoCAD Civil 3D to help the designer. These tools are broken up
into subcategories, called Workspaces. There are different Workspaces, each with tools for that
specific working environment. Each workspace has various tools, explained below.

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AF
H
T EC
VO

Workspaces

AutoCAD Civil 3D comes with several default workspaces. You can use these workspaces with their
default layouts or modify them in accordance to your requirements. Workspaces are sets of menus
and toolbars that are grouped and organized so that you can work in a custom, task-oriented drawing
environment.
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When you use a workspace, only the menus, toolbars, and secondary windows specified in that
workspace are shown in the interface. You can still access other commands not shown in the menus
by entering their command names at the command line. You can switch to another workspace by
using the Workspace Switching button, which is located in the application status bar.

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Workspaces in AutoCAD Civil 3D include:


Civil 3D: This workspace displays user interface components related to civil engineering
design and survey features available in AutoCAD Civil 3D.
2D Drafting & Annotation: This workspace displays user interface components related to
AutoCAD 2D drafting and annotation features available in AutoCAD Civil 3D.
3D Modeling: This workspace displays user interface components related to AutoCAD 3D
modeling features available in AutoCAD Civil 3D.

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Planning and Analysis: This workspace displays user interface components related to
AutoCAD Map 3D features available in AutoCAD Civil 3D.
For more information about using and customizing workspaces, see the AutoCAD Users Guide and
the AutoCAD Customization Guide in the AutoCAD Help.

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Ribbons

The AutoCAD Civil 3D ribbon is the primary user interface for accessing commands and features.
Commands available from the ribbon are organized into tabs. Each tab is organized into a series of

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panels, which are labelled by task. The ribbon is typically turned on (displayed) by default, and can be
displayed or removed using the Ribbon and RibbonClose commands. There are two basic types of
ribbon tabs: static and contextual.

Static ribbon tabs

Static ribbon tabs are always displayed when the ribbon is turned on, and they contain most of the
H
functionality located on the menu bar drop-down menus and toolbars. Static ribbon tabs have a grey
background colour.
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Contextual ribbon tabs


T

Contextual ribbon tabs are displayed automatically when you select an object or invoke an object-
specific command. For example, when you select a pipe network object, the Pipe Network contextual
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tab is displayed. Contextual tabs contain commands that are related to the currently selected object.
Most contextual tabs can be closed simply be deselecting the object.
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Non-object select contextual tabs (purple)

Contextual tabs that are displayed when no objects are selected have a purple background color. For
example, if you click the Assembly button on the Modify tab, the Assembly non-object select
contextual tab displays, and that tab has a purple background color. This provides access to all
commands related to assemblies without having to select an assembly in the drawing.

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Non-object selection contextual tabs have a Close button at the end to dismiss them. If you select an
object while this tab is displayed, the non-object selection tab is automatically closed and replaced
with the object select contextual tab.

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Section editor tab (blue)

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Because its ribbon behavior is slightly different than the previous two types just described, the Section
Editor tab has its own unique background color light blue (teal).

Multiple object select ribbon tabs

When multiple types of objects are selected simultaneously, the Multiple contextual tab is displayed in
the ribbon. For example, if you select both a pipe network object and an alignment object, the Multiple
H
contextual tab is displayed.
T EC

Toolspace
VO

The Toolspace window is an integral component in the user interface for accessing commands, styles,
and data. Use it to access the Prospector, Settings, Survey, and Toolbox tabs. Right click each
collection or item on these tabs to access commands.

The Toolspace is the dialog box that controls the drawing with its content. The Toolspace is the
propperties dialog box for AutoCAD Civil 3D like how the nomal properties dialog box is the main
DE

window through whicn the user interacts with the drawing objects. If a civil object exist in the drawing,
it is listed under the Toolspace dialog box.

The Toolspace has several tabs, each performing specific tasks.

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Open toolspace

1. Click Home or View tab Palettes panel Toolspace .

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Note
At least one Toolspace tab must be in the open state or the Toolspace button is greyed

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out. In this case, click one of the tab display buttons on the ribbon to open the tab.
2. If the tabs you want to use are not open in the Toolspace window, use the following ribbon
buttons to open them:

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Prospector

Settings

Survey

Toolbox
Tip:
H
Closing the Toolspace window can help improve overall performance as well as save
memory, so it is recommended to close the Toolspace window when it is not necessary to
have it open. Likewise, it is recommended to close the Toolspace tabs (Prospector,
EC

Settings, Survey, or Toolbox) which you do not need to have open.


Use the drop-down list at the top of the Prospector tab to control which items are displayed in the
Prospector tree.
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VO
DE

Master View. Displays all project and drawing items, including drawing templates. The name
of the active drawing is highlighted.

Active Drawing View. Displays only items in the active drawing. If you switch to another
drawing, the tree is updated to reflect the new drawing.

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The symbol displayed at the tree node, to the far left of each collection name gives you information
about the display of the items in the collection:

The items contained in the collection are displayed. Click to collapse the tree and hide the
items.
The collection contains no items.

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The collection contains items that are not displayed. Click to expand the tree and display the
items.
The collection contains items that cannot be displayed in the tree. Click the collection name to
list the items in a Toolspace item view.
The collections data needs to be refreshed. Right-click the collection and click Refresh.

The item is a reference to an item located elsewhere in the tree. Double-click the reference to

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navigate to the actual item.

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H
T EC
VO
DE

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If... Then do this...

Click Home or View tab Palettes panel


Toolspace .
Note

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At least one Toolspace tab must be in the open state
or the Toolspace button on the ribbon is greyed out. In
You cannot see the this case, click one of the tab display buttons such as
Toolspace window. Prospector to open the tab.

Use the buttons on the Palettes panel (on the Home

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or View ribbon tab) to open the Toolspace tabs. The
buttons are used to both open and close the tabs.
When the Toolspace tabs are in the open state, the
ribbon buttons have a blue background.

The tab you want to


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When the Toolspace tabs are in the closed state, the
ribbon buttons have a white background.
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use is not open in the
Toolspace window.
EC

Move the cursor over the title bar to display the full
Toolspace window.
To disable Auto-hide, right-click the Toolspace title bar
Only the Toolspace and click Auto-hide to remove the check mark next to
title bar is displayed. it.

The contents of a tab


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are out of date. Right-click in the window and click Refresh.


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You want to close the Click in the Toolspace window or click the
Toolspace window. Toolspace button on the ribbon.

Use the icons at the top of the Prospector tab to control the display of icons within the Prospector tree,
to display the Panorama window, and to access help.
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The Panorama window can display many types of data, such as the Point Editor
vista and the Alignment Entities vista. To conserve screen space if more than one
vista is active, the Panorama window displays a tab for each one. The active
drawing controls the state of the Panorama window. When you switch between
drawings, the Panorama window either becomes inactive or shows only the vistas
associated with the active drawing.

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SUPPORTED AUTOCAD COMMANDS FOR CIVIL 3D OBJECTS


All AutoCAD Civil 3D objects support the AutoCAD List, Explode, and Erase commands.
Most AutoCAD Civil 3D objects support other commands to some degree. These commands include
Copy, Move, Mirror, Offset, Scale, Block/Wblock, Rotate, Trim and Extend.

The following table lists additional information regarding command operation on certain objects and

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the results.

Surface: If the surface is erased or exploded, Profiles and sections that reference that surface
become static. Mirror will create a copy but will not honour the mirror settings. Point groups used in
the surface definition are included as part of the Wblock.

Point: When Wblocking and Inserting Points, or copying Points, a dialog box is displayed to resolve

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number conflicts.

Table: Wblocking a table also copies the required geometry. For example, the Points are copied
along with the point table.

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Alignment: Exploding or erasing an alignment explodes or erases all objects that are dependent on
the alignment (such as Profiles, profile views, sample lines, sections, and section views). Copying
the alignment will create an alignment with a new name in the same site. All dependent objects will
be copied and included with the new alignment. Wblock/Insert will copy the alignment and all
dependent objects into a new site.

Parcel (select parcel label): When copying or Wblocking a parcel, the dependent parcel segments
are included. If the objects are inserted into the same drawing, a new site is created. Only the parcel
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labels can be moved.

Parcel Segment Lines: Wblocking/Inserting the parcel segment lines creates segment lines in a
new site.
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Grading: There are two distinct copy operations that can be done on a Grading object. Copying the
footprint feature line or individual target line creates a new feature line in a new site. Copying the
entire Grading object copies the footprint, target, and criteria. The footprint can be moved. The
target line cannot be moved. If the Grading criteria references a surface, the surface will be included
in a Wblock/Insert operation.
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Profile: Erasing a profile or section erases it from all profile or section views. Profiles and sections
can only be moved vertically within a view.
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Profile View: If the profile or profile view is Wblocked, all objects required for the profile or profile
view (such as the surface, alignment, profile, sample lines, and sections) are copied. If the objects
are copied into the same drawing, a new site is created.

Sample Line: You cannot copy or move a Sample Line

Section: Erasing a profile or section erases it from all profile or section views. Profiles and sections
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can only be moved vertically within a view. If the sample line, section, or section view is Wblocked,
all objects that are required for the sample line, section, or section view (such as the surface,
alignment, sections, and sample lines) are copied. If the objects are copied into the same drawing, a
new site is created.

Assembly : The names of assemblies and subassemblies are incremented when copied. Copying
an assembly copies the assembly and all dependent subassemblies. Mirror will create a copy but
will not honour the mirror settings.

Corridor : Copying or Wblocking a corridor copies all of the dependent data such as assemblies,
Alignments, and Surfaces.

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Pipe Network: Network Objects are not accessible through Object Enabler environment.

Pipe: Copying a network part profile will create a copy of the parent network part (pipe or structure).

Structure: Copying, mirroring, arraying, and offsetting pipes and structures updates the references
of any connected parts. Copied pipes and structures will be in the same network. Moving or rotating
a structure causes any connected parts to move with it (the connections are maintained). Moving or

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rotating a pipe breaks the connection to any connected parts. Scaling a pipe or structure affects
position but does not affect size. Wblocking pipes and structures copies all dependent objects.

Survey Network: Using the copy command on a survey network creates feature lines. The move
command disassociates the figure from the model.

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SURFACES

Terms and definition

A surface is a singular object in AutoCAD Civil 3D. The display of a surface is controlled using a
surface style. Surface styles can be used to display the surface as points, triangles, borders, contours
and grids.

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There are often several surface styles available in an AutoCAD Civil 3D drawing. Each surface style
serves a different purpose.

Under Surfaces you will come across the following key terms:

DTM Digital Terrain Model. A digital terrain model is another name for a surface.

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TIN Triangulated Irregular Network. AutoCAD Civil 3D uses a TIN to represent surface
models. A TIN is created by connecting point with closest proximity.

Breakline Breaklines represent distinct terrain breaks. Examples of breaklines include road

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crowns, gutters, top of bank, bottom of bank, ditch edges, stream edges and sidewalk
edges. When creating Surfaces, breaklines must be defined. Triangulation lines are
forced to break the terrain and run over the length of defined breaklines.
Triangulation lines cannot cross over breaklines.

Proximity A proximity breakline is defined from 2D polylines. Proximity breaklines assign


Breaklines vertex elevation by physically relocating them to the nearest surface point. 2D
polylines created with vertices at the point nodes do not relocate.
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Contour A contour line connects Points on the surface with constant elevation. Contour lines
are created by connecting locations on triangulation lines with the same elevation.
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Surface The surface style controls the display of the surface. Surface styles can be used
Style to display Surfaces as triangles, Points, contours, borders or grids. You can also
create surface styles to suppress the display of a surface. This is especially useful
when working with large Surfaces.

Naming Naming templates are used in AutoCAD Civil 3D to automatically assign names to
newly created objects. Naming templates are useful when large amounts of civil
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engineering data are being created. They help organize the data in the drawing.
Users can override the names automatically assigned with naming templates.
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Invalid Invalid DTM Points are excluded from point groups used to create surface
DTM Points models. These Points do not represent true surface elevations. Typical examples
include sewer inverts and tops of fire hydrants.
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Create surface from point file

Create a new surface by using the command Create Surface from the ribbon Home Surfaces:

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As a type use TIN surface, specify Name and Style:

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Go to Toolspace Prospector Surfaces NGL (name of the surface created in the previous step)
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Definition, right click on the Point Files and select Add from the menu:
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Browse for the point file by clicking on the Plus icon and specify the correct file format. File format
must match the point file. Preview helps to make sure that the correct file format is used:

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Created surface (only surface border is displayed):


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Create surface from contours

Create a new surface by using the command Create Surface from the ribbon Home Surfaces:

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As a type use TIN surface, specify Name and Style:

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Copy contours from the source drawing into the design drawing. Use copy (CTRL+C) and Paste to
original coordinates command:
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Countours must be represented by lines or polylines and they have to have an elevation. Splines must
be converted to polylines (Republic of South Africa Reports Manager can be used for this purpose,
see image below):

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To add contours to a surface, go to Toolspace Prospector Surfaces NGL (name of the surface
created in previous step) Definition, right click on the Contours and select Add from the menu:
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Keep default settings, click OK and select contours from the drawing:

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Created surface (only border is displayed, visible contours are source contours, they can be freezed
but they cannot be deleted because they would be removed from the surface definition):

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Create surface from 3D faces

Create a new surface by using command Create Surface from the ribbon Home Surfaces:
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As a type use TIN surface, specify Name and Style:


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Copy 3D faces from the source drawing into a design drawing. Use copy (CTRL+C) and Paste to
Original Coordinates command:

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3D faces are AutoCAD objects so the procedure described further can be used for other AutoCAD
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objects as well:
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Go to Toolspace Prospector Surfaces NGL (name of the surface created in previous step)
Definition, right click on the Drawing Objects and select Add from the menu:

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Specify 3D Faces as an object type and if you want surface triangulation to match with 3D faces then
tick Maintain edges from objects. Click OK and select 3D faces:
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Created surface (only border is displayed):


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Create surface from Model Maker TOT file

Standard Civil 3D cannot import TOT file but if you have iDAS, then see chapter Command Import
TOT to create surface from TOT file.

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Create surface from Civil Designer DAT file

Standard Civil 3D cannot import DAT file but if you have iDAS, then see chapter Command Import
DAT to create surface from DAT file.

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Change surface style

Surfaces can be displayed with multiple styles or even with no style. Even if surface is not visible in the
model space, it is still part of the drawing and can be accessed from the prospector. Changing
between different styles does not do any modifications to the surface definition.

To change the surface style, right click on the surface either in the model space or in the Prospector

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and select Surface Properties from the menu:

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Select surface style in the Information tab:

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Surface style with the contours


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Add breaklines to surface

Different breaklines can be added to surface in Civil 3D. This procedure shows how to add Standard
breaklines. A standard breakline is defined by 3D lines, grading feature lines, 3D polylines or splines
and can represent road edges, ditches, curbs, channels and other edges.

Copy breaklines from the source drawing into design drawing. Use copy (CTRL+C) and Paste to

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Original Coordinates command:

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Breaklines pasted into a drawing which contains a surface. The surface is displayed with triangles.
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Go to Toolspace Prospector Surfaces NGL (name of the surface) Definition, right click on
the Breaklines and select Add from the menu:

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Select Standard breakline type, click OK and select breaklines:
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Breaklines added to the surface, surface triangles edges honour breaklines:

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Add surface labels
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Various labels can be added to a Civil 3D surface. Labels are dynamic so any changes to a surface
are automatically projected to the labels.
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To add surface labels go to the ribbon Annotate Add Labels and use the command Add Surface
Labels:
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Slope labels

In the Add Labels window, select Slope as a label type, Percent as a slope label style and click Add:

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Specify if you want to create One-point or Two-point label and click on the surface. One point label
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displays surface slope at the defined point, two point label calculates slope between two defined
points:
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Spot elevation labels

In the Add Labels window, as a label type select Spot Elevation, as a spot elevation label style use
Spot Elevation | Text Size 2.5 mm | Precision 0.01, as a marker style use Surface-Spot Elevation
Point and click Add:

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Click on the surface at the location where you want the spot elevation label. Image below displays spot
elevation labels with text style 2.5 mm (yellow) and 3.5 mm (green):
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Multiple contours labels

In the Add Labels window use as a label type Contour Multiple. Set major contour label style,
minor contour labels style, user contour label style and click Add:

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Specify points on the screen (these points are connected with a contour label line):
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To move the contour label location, click on the labels, snap on the contour label line grip and move it
to the desired location:
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Surface Analysis

Elevation analysis

Go to Surface Properties (right click on the surface in the model space or in Prospector and select
Surface Properties from the menu), tab Analysis, select Elevations for Analysis type, specify number
of ranges and click on the white arrow pointing down to perform the analysis:

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To display analysis results, you must change the surface style to the one which displays elevation
analysis. Style can be changed in the tab Information.
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Surface with elevation analysis:

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Slope analysis
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Go to Surface Properties (right click on the surface in the model space or in Prospector and select
Surface Properties from the menu), tab Analysis, select Slopes for Analysis type, specify number of
ranges and click on the white arrow pointing down to perform the analysis. You can define min and
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max slope as well as colours:


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To display analysis results, you must change the surface style to the one which displays slope
analysis. Style can be changed in the tab Information.

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Surface with slope analysis:
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Watershed analysis

Go to Surface Properties (right click on the surface in the model space or in Prospector and select
Surface Properties from the menu), tab Analysis, select Watersheds for Analysis type and click on
the white arrow pointing down to perform the analysis. You can specify other parameters like Merge
adjacent boundary and Merge depression points into single drain:

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To display analysis results, you must change the surface style to the one which displays watershed
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analysis. Style can be changed in the tab Information.


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Surface with watershed analysis:

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Water drop analysis

Go to the ribbon Analyze Flow Path and select Water Drop from the menu:
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Click on the surface to create water drop analysis:

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Catchment area analysis

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Go to the ribbon Analyze Catchments and select Catchment Area from the menu:
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Select depression point on the surface. Keep in mind that not all the points on the surface have
catchment areas.
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Add surface outer boundary

Draw closed polyline that represents surface boundary. Right click on the Boundaries under the
surface definition in the Prospector and select Add from the menu:

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Select Outer boundary type, click OK and select polyline:


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Surface with defined boundary:

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Set maximum triangle length

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It sometimes happens that software creates triangles that are not supposed to be part of the surface.
This might happen when a survey is done in two blocks apart from each other. Civil 3D automatically
tries to connect these blocks with the triangles, see image below:

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To solve this problem, set the maximum triangle length to logic value under Surface Properties
Definition Build:
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Surface with maximum triangle length set to 100 m:

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Add surface table

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Go to the ribbon Annotate Add Tables and select Add Surface Legend Table from the menu:
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Specify the label type you want to create:


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Specify if you want the table to be static or dynamic:


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Specify location of the table in the drawing area:


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GRADING (PLATFORMS)

Create Grading

Grading objects are mainly formed with the use of Feature Lines. A feature line is a line type object
but more powerful than a polyline or a line.

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A feature line can either be drawn or created from an object. To draw a feature line, go to the ribbon
Home Feature line and use command Create Feature Line.

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The following procedure for grading object uses a feature line from an object.

Draw a rectangle which represents a future platform (use either polyline or rectangle command):
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Convert the rectangle to a feature line by using command Create Feature Lines from Objects in the
ribbon Home Feature Line.
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Specify feature lines style and tick option Assign Elevation:

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Select NGL surface to assign elevations from:


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Created feature line:

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Feature line elevations can be adjusted in the Elevation Editor. Select a feature line, right click and
choose Elevation Editor from the menu:

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Adjust elevations and slopes as per design needs:

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Open grading creation tools by using command Grading Creation Tools in the ribbon Home
Grading:

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Grading objects can be grouped into grading groups. Civil 3D allows final surface creation and volume

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calculation per grading group so each object can have its own grading group. To create a new grading
group click on the first icon from the left side in the Grading Creation Tools toolbar:
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Specify a platform name. It is better NOT to tick Automatic surface creation and Volume base
surface because it might cause software instability as it must do more operations at one time. Once
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the design is finished, the surface can be created and volumes can be calculated:
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Select rule Grade to Surface and click on the icon Create Grading:

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Select a feature line and follow the prompts in the command line:

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Created grading object (platform):

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You can check the platform in the 3D view. Select the entire platform, right click and select Object
Viewer from the menu:
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Set visual style to Shaded and view to the 3D view.

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You can see cut and fill but the platform has a void inside. To create an inside part of the platform, go
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back to the model space and click on the command Create Infill in the Grading Creation Tools
toolbar:
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Once the cursor is in the void area the feature line is higlighted. Click inside the void area to create
infill. In fact, infill can be created in any closed feature line. Once infill is created, a small grey diamond
marker is placed in the infill area:
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Diamond markers are part of every grading and are there for grading modifications. This will be
described in another chapter.

Select the entire grading and go to object viewer (use the same settings like before) to see the infill:
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Edit Grading

To modify a grading, select either the grading itself or select just the grey diamond marker, right click
and select Grading Editor from the menu:

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Change the values in the Grading Editor as needed:
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Note: Diamond markers are automatically placed in the layer C3D-No Plot Objects. Freeze this layer
before final plotting so the markers will not be printed:

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Sites

Sites help to manage the interactivity between the feature lines and grading objects. If the feature lines
or grading objects are in the same site then they are interactive, so if they intersect, Civil 3D calculates
their intersecting planes and levels. For example if two feature lines are crossing each other in the
same site they have the same levels at the intersecting points (second feature line will override the
levels of the first feature line at the intersecting point.

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To create a new site, go to Prospector, right click on Sites and select New from the menu:

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Specify site name:


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Created sites in the Prospector:

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To move a feature line to a new site, select the feature line, right click and select Move to Site from
the menu. The same procedure can be applied to grading objects:
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Sites have to be used in the cases where two overlapping grading objects must be created. Image
below shows two platforms on top of each other:
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Each platform has its own site to not to have interactivity between them:

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Platform2 targets combined surface NGL plus Platform1.
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Clean up grading

When two overlapping platforms are modelled, the final output is not presentable because of crossing
slope pattern lines (notice that the final surface looks correct in the image below):

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To clean up the slope pattern overlapping, the new platform must be created on top of Platform1. In
fact, Platform1 is only used for target surface (combined with NGL) for Platform2.
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Go to ribbon View panel Views and select suitable Isometric view:
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Go Prospector and create new site Platform1 Final:

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Use command Feature Line Create Feature Line from ribbon Home:
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Specify site Platform1 Final and Style (any style can be used, example below uses blue feature line
to distinguish between different platforms):
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Draw feature line around the Platform1 from the points where Platform2 cut/fill crosses the Platform1
feature line:

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Switch back to Top view:

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New grading group must be created for Platform1 final. Go to ribbon Home and use command
Grading Grading Creation Tools:
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Click on the first icon from the left hand side in the Grading Creation Tools toolbar:

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Specify site Platform1 Final:

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Create new grading group with the icon highlighed in the image below:
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Specify name:
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For target surface use combined surface of NGL and Platform2. To create this combined surface
create new surface and name it NGL plus Platform2:

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Go to Prospector Surfaces NGL plus Platform2 Definition right click on Edit and use
command Paste Surface:

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Select NGL surface and click ok (the order in which you paste surfaces is very important because the
surface which is pasted last overrides the other surfaces at the areas where they overlap):

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Use this command again and select Platform2 surface:

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Use this surface as a target surface, go to Grading Creation Tools toolbar and click on the second
icon from the left hand site:
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Select surface:

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Before you create grading it would be practical to switch off Platform1 grading otherwise the result
would overlap with Platform 1. Create new layer, call it C3D-Grading-Dummy and freeze it:

CA
RI
Select Platform1 grading including infill and move it to this layer. Image below shows the result:

AF
H
EC

Use command Create Grading and follow command line:


T
VO

Final cleaned up platform in plan and 3D view:


DE

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Tips for working with the grading objects

1. Split your design into multiple sites to remove interactivity between objects. When grading
objects get more complicated Civil 3D must then calculate more interactions between objects
and it can cause the drawing to become unstable.

2. Do not create a single grading along the entire length of a long feature line, rather do it by

CA
parts (in sections) especially if the feature line has a complex shape or if it has a lot of
vertices.

3. Avoid grading objects crossing another gradings and feature lines.

4. Do not try to model everything with gradings, use a combination of gradings, feature lines,
corridors and 3D polylines (breaklines) to model the object or final surface.

RI
5. If the final surface created from gradings does not look correct then it might be easier to create
a new surface and use objects from a grading as breaklines.

6. Avoid vertical walls (C3D surface cannot have a vertical edge), use 1 mm offset/slope.

AF
7. Do drawing backups regularly because the undo command (only when working with grading)
or a Civil 3D crash can corrupt grading objects or the entire drawing.
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Quantities

Grading volume tools

For quantities calculation, the final surface from the platform must be created and a reference surface
must be defined. Both of them can be done from the Grading group properties window. Go to the
Grading Creation Tools toolbar and click on the Grading Group Properties icon (third icon from the

CA
right hand side):

RI
Tick Automatic Surface Creation, specify Tessellation spacing (spaces between platform surface
triangles), tick Volume Base Surface and select a surface which will be used as a base surface for
volume calculations:

AF
H
T EC
VO

Created platform surface:


DE

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To find out what the quantities are go to the command Grading Volume Tools in the Grading
Creation Tools toolbar:

CA
Quantities:

RI
AF
Grading Volume Tools window allows rising or lowering of a platform to optimize cut and fills. Use
second icon from the right hand side for cut and fill balancing:
H
EC

Specify required volume:


T
VO

Balanced quantities:
DE

Keep in mind that balancing quantities might not work properly for the very complex platforms. Rather
do the preliminary sizing on a very simple platform and then design the final platform.

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Volumes Dashboard

Another option for volume calculation is using Volume Dashboard. At first, you have to create a
platform surface in the same way you did in the previous example. Go to the Grading Creation Tools
toolbar and click on the Grading Group Properties icon (third icon from the right hand side):

CA
Tick Automatic Surface Creation and specify Tessellation spacing (spaces between platform
surface triangles):

RI
AF
H
T EC

Select created surface and click on Volume Dashboard in the contextual ribbon:
VO

Create new volume surface:


DE

Specify volume surface Name, Base Surface and Comparison Surface:

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CA
RI
AF
Result:
H
A volume surface can be analysed like a normal TIN surface. You can display cut and fill in the
EC

drawing by performing surface elevation analysis (see chapter Surface Elevation Analysis), specify
two ranges and use different colours for cut and fill:
T
VO

Cut and fill displayed on the volume surface:


DE

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CA
RI
Final surface

Final surface combines the NGL and platform surfaces. Create a new surface with using the command

AF
Create Surface from the ribbon Home Surfaces:
H
EC

As a type use TIN surface, specify Name and Style:


T
VO
DE

Go to Toolspace Prospector Surfaces NGL+Platform (name of the surface created in the


previous step) Definition, right click on the Edits and select Paste Surface from the menu:

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CA
RI
AF
H
EC

Select NGL surface and click OK. Order of the pasted surfaces is very imported because the
latest surface overrides the previous one in the areas where they overlap:
T
VO
DE

Use paste surface command again and select Platform surface now:

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CA
RI
Final surface:

AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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COGO POINTS
COGO points (further only points) are coordinated geometry points sometimes also called Civil 3D
points. These points have some extra functionality, they can have labels, tables, etc. There are many
ways to create points, this manual covers how to create random points on a surface and by measure
object.

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Create random points

Open Create Points toolbar by using command in the ribbon Home Points Point Creation Tools:

RI
AF
Click on the expand arrow and set the values according to the image below:
Prompt For Elevations Automatic (elevation will be taken from the surface)
Prompt For Point Names None (names are not used in this example)
Prompt For Description Automatic (name will be taken from the field Default Description)
H
T EC
VO

Click on icon Surface Random Points in the Create Points toolbar:


DE

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Select the surface you want the points to take elevations from:

CA
RI
AF
H
Click on the location where you want to create points (points are displayed as yellow crosses):
T EC
VO
DE

Note: To change point style and label, see chapter Create Point Group and Change Label and
Marker.

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Create points by measure object

Open Create Points toolbar by using command in the ribbon Home Points Point Creation
Tools:

CA
Click on the expand arrow and set the values according to image below:

RI
Prompt For Elevations Automatic (elevation will be taken from the surface)
Prompt For Point Names None (names are not used in this example)
Prompt For Description Automatic (name will be taken from the field Default Description)

AF
H
T EC

Click on icon Miscellaneous Measure Object in the Create Points toolbar:


VO
DE

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Select the object (see command line for object types):

CA
Specify start station:

RI
Specify end station:

Specify offset from the object: AF


H
EC

Specify interval:
T

Created points on the object (points are displayed as yellow crosses)::


VO
DE

Note: To change point style and label, see chapter Create Point Group and Change Label and
Marker.

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Create point group and change label and marker

Point groups are very practical because they allow grouping of the points according to the label styles,
properties and other parameters.

When points are created, they are automatically placed in the _All Points group:

CA
RI
AF
To create new group, right click on Point Groups in the Prospector and select New:
H
EC

Specify the Name, Point style and Point label style in the Information tab:
T
VO
DE

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You must define which points are included in the point group. Go to tab Include and use any option to
include points into a point group. The image below shows how to include all points with the raw
description Platform. This raw description was set during point creation in the Create Points toolbar
under the Default Description field.

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

Check which points are included in the tab Point List:


T
VO
DE

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Once you click ok the changes to points are applied:

CA
RI
AF
H
Renumber the points
EC

Points renumbering is done by adding or deducting the constant from the point number. Point number
is unique per drawing; it means that there cannot be two points with the same number in the drawing.

Click on any point in the drawing and select command Renumber from the contextual ribbon:
T
VO

Specify which points you want to renumber:


DE

Enter additive factor (positive or negative to add or deduct):

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Before:

CA
RI
After (1000 was added to point number):

AF
H
T EC
VO

Create table

To create a table go to the ribbon Annotate Add Tables Add Point Table:
DE

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Specify Table Style and select points or point group:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

Point table:
T
VO
DE

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Export points

Points can be exported to different file formats. Go to the ribbon Output Export Points:

CA
Specify file format:

RI
AF
H
EC

Define the file name, destination and select point group:


T
VO
DE

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Points in the text file:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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HORIZONTAL ALIGNMENT (HA)


An alignment is typically used for features such as road centrelines, pavement edges and drainage
centrelines. Alignments can represent existing features or proposed features.

Alignments are the first of the three primary design features to be laid out by the designer. Profiles and
cross sections provide the other two design features necessary for a full three-dimensional description

CA
and modelling of proposed linear structures such a roadways, channels, etc.

Alignment creation tools (Create alignment by layout)

Go to the ribbon Home and click on command Alignment Alignment Creation Tools:

RI
AF
Specify Name, Alignment Style and Alignment Label Set (chainage labels):
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Click on the first icon from the left hand side in the Alignment Layout Tools toolbar and select the
command Curve and Spiral Settings to set up default values for curves and spirals. This step is not
necessary if the default values are suitable for the design:

CA
Specify default values:

RI
AF
H
EC

Click on the first icon from the left hand side in the Alignment Layout Tools toolbar and select
command Tangent-Tangent (With Curves) to draw alignment tangent polyline.
T
VO

Horizontal alignment with chainage labels:


DE

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Alignment Layout Tools toolbar has various tools for an alignment adjustment. Below are the tools
which are used the most often.

Insert point of intersection (PI):

CA
Delete PI:

RI
AF
Add a curve to PI. This command is needed if the new PI is inserted into an alignment. New PIs do not
contain a curve: H
T EC

If a curve must be deleted (sometimes curves are preventing major changes to be made to the
horizontal alignment because the software cannot find the solution to fit in a curve with the specific
VO

parameters) then use the command Delete Sub-entity.


DE

If the radii must be set to a specific value then grid view is the right place to do so:

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Note 1: Autodesk suggests that Undo and Redo commands from the Alignment Layout Tools
toolbar should be used when adjusting the alignments:

CA
RI
Note 2: If you need to reopen Alignment Layout Tools toolbar then select an alignment in the plan,
right click and use command Edit Alignment Geometry from the menu:

AF
H
EC

Create an alignment from objects


T

Civil 3D can create an alignment from the following objects: line, arc and polyline. These objects can
either be in the drawing or they can be xrefed.
VO

Draw polyline with standard AutoCAD command. Polylines can be drawn with or without curves but it
is much easier to use a polyline without curves. It is difficult to manipulate polylines with curves as
there might be a problem with tangency. Civil 3D can add curves automatically to tangent polylines
during conversion to an alignment.

Go to the ribbon Home and click on the command Alignment Create Alignment from Objects and
select polyline:
DE

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Specify alignment direction:

CA
Specify Name, Alignment Style, Alignment Label Set (chainage labels) and Default Radius:

RI
AF
H
T EC
VO

Created alignment:
DE

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Alignment properties

You can use the Alignment Properties dialog box to assign a unique name and style to the
alignment, establish station equations and design speeds (they are used for superelevation
calculation). The Alignment Properties dialog box also has tabs for Masking, Point of Intersection
definition and Constraint Editing.

CA
To open the Alignment Properties window, select an alignment in the plan, right click and use the
command Alignment Properties from the menu:

RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Alignment chainage labels

Select an alignment, right click and use the command Edit Alignment Labels from the menu:

CA
RI
Click on button Import label set and select the suitable set.
AF
H
T EC
VO

Result:
DE

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Alignment labels

Various alignment labels can be added to an alignment. Some labels will be used in the chapter
Setting Out Data Tables. To add labels go to the ribbon Annotate and use the command Add Labels
Alignment Add Alignment Labels:

CA
RI
AF
Specify Label type, Station offset label style, Marker style, click Add and follow the command line:
H
T EC
VO
DE

Result:

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Setting out data tables

Alignment with horizontal curves

Before a setting out data table can be created, the labels must be added to the horizontal alignment.
Use label settings as in the image below and select first tangent:

CA
RI
AF
H
Label START will be added to the tangent
EC

Change settings according to the image below and select each curve individually and the last tangent:
T
VO
DE

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CA
Labels add PI description with a number to each curve as well as END to the last tangent. Once all the
required segments have labels, the table can be created.

Go to the ribbon Annotate and use the command Add Tables Alignment Add Segment:

RI
AF
H
EC

Specify Table Style and Alignment. There is also an option to Select by label or style which allows
the selection of labels from the drawing:
T
VO
DE

Styles which have RSA in front of YX swap X and Y coordinates and multiply them by -1. If you work
in South Africa and your drawing is either in the third or fourth quadrant of the coordinate system, then

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styles with RSA YX should be used. Text (For BCC | PI | ECC Label) means that it can be used when
BCC | PI | ECC curve labels are used, see image below:

CA
RI
Setting out data table: AF
H
T EC

Straight alignment

Before a setting out data table can be created, the labels must be added to the horizontal alignment.
VO

Use label settings as in the picture below and select straight alignment:
DE

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CA
Go to the ribbon Annotate and use the command Add Tables Alignment Add Segment:

RI
AF
H
Specify Table Style (use only styles which have For Straight Alignment in the description) and
Alignment. There is also an option to Select by label or style which allows the selection of labels
EC

from the drawing:


T
VO
DE

Styles which have RSA in front of YX swap X and Y coordinates and multiply them by -1. If you work
in South Africa and your drawing is either in the third or fourth quadrant of the coordinate system, then
styles with RSA YX should be used.

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Setting out data table for straight alignment:

CA
Note: To switch off alignment labels, which were used for the table creation, freeze layer C3DNo
Plot Object:

RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Superelevation

Superelevation basics

Undivided roads

1. The following illustration shows an undivided road as a corridor type and a crowned cross

CA
section shape. During superelevation, the simple crowned roadway undergoes adverse crown
removal. In this illustration, the adverse crown removal is the distance from End Normal Crown to
Reverse Crown:

RI
AF
H
2. The following illustration shows an undivided road as the corridor type and the cross section
EC

shape is planar. There is no crown, therefore no removal of adverse crown is necessary. This type of
roadway typically has a downward slope in one direction on the unsuperelevated sections. Because of
this, the distance required to achieve full superelevation varies depending on whether the
superelevation continues in the direction of the downward slope or superelevates in the direction
opposite to the normal downward slope. This example is typical for off-ramps, one-way traffic roads,
and some service roads.
T
VO
DE

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Divided roads:

1. The following illustration shows a divided road as the corridor type and the cross section
shape is planar. The roadway undergoes adverse crown removal during superelevation:

CA
RI
2. AF
The following illustration shows a divided road as the corridor type and a crowned cross
section shape on each side. The roadway undergoes adverse crown removal during superelevation.
This option is barely used in South Africa:
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Calculate superelevation

Go to Alignment Properties (select alignment, right click and choose the command Alignment
Properties from the menu) and specify design speed, which must be used for a superelevation
calculation:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

Select an alignment in the plan and click on the command Superelevation Calculate/Edit
T

Superelevation from the contextual ribbon (contextual ribbon is green):


VO
DE

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Select the option Calculate Superelevation Now, which opens superelevation calculation wizard:

CA
RI
Specify the roadway type and Pivot Method. Pivot method is basically the superelevation rotation
point.

AF
H
T EC

Specify Normal Lane Width, which will be used for superelevation run-off length calculation:
VO
DE

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If the shoulder needs different superelevation then it can be specified under Shoulder Control. Most
of the time the South African roads have the same shoulder superelevation as road lanes so the
shoulder does not need to be calculated:

CA
RI
AF
H
.

Specify design criteria file. If you have Devotech Professional Extensions (DPX) or Infrastructure
EC

Design Automation Suite (IDAS) then various files are available as shown in the picture below.
Otherwise use AASHTO file, which is very close to South African standards:
T
VO
DE

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Design criteria files:

CA
RI
AF
H
It is also practical to tick Automatically Resolve Overlaps. Once you click Finish, the superelevation
is calculated and the superelevation manager opens. The calculated values can be overwritten
EC

manually if needed.
T
VO
DE

Note 1: Once a superelevation is calculated it will override the default slopes of the assembly, see
chapter Corridors.

Note 2: Subassembly must be set to use the superelevation values, see chapter Corridors.

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Create superelevation for straight alignment manually

Straight alignments are often superelevated because of storm water management. If you use the
procedure described in the previous chapter, you will get a message that: The selected alignment
does not contain any curves:

CA
To specify superelevation for straight alignment, select an alignment in the plan and click on the
command Superelevation Calculate/Edit Superelevation from the contextual ribbon (contextual
ribbon is green):

RI
AF
H
Select option Open superelevation curve manager:
T EC
VO

Superelevation curve manager can be used to:


DE

Navigate and view the superelevation calculation status and criteria for each curve
Receive graphical feedback and navigate to locations in the drawing related to superelevation
curves
View information for transition in and out regions for each curve
Access the Superelevation Tabular Editor
Access the Superelevation Wizard
View and edit the superelevation criteria that was used to generate superelevation data for
curves that have calculated superelevation
Create user-defined curves

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Click on the button Create user-defined curve:

CA
RI
AF
H
Select straight alignment twice (the first entity is the same as the last entity) then press escape and
click on the button Tabular Editor:
T EC
VO
DE

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Select User Defined curve and click on Plus Sign to add new chainage. Generally, the
superelevation should be defined for entire alignment so start with the chainage 0 (you can either snap
to the beginning of the alignment or you can type 0 into command line).

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Right click on the text Manual station, select command Assign Critical Station and choose correct
critical point. Devotech Civil 3D template displays values for Begin Normal Crown, End Normal Crown,
Begin Full Super and for End Full Super so any of these can be used. If you miss this step, the
superelevation will work, just the values will not be displayed in the longsection superelevation band.

RI
Specify superelevation for the Left Outside Lane and Right Outside Lane. Civil 3D has inside and
outside lanes but in South Africa the outside lanes are used most of the time for the design.

AF
H
Follow the steps above for other superelevation critical points. Do not forget to specify the
EC

superelevation end station.

Defined superelevation on the straight alignment, transition is done on chainage 40-60m and 100-120.
T
VO

Superelevation view
DE

Select an alignment in the plan and click on the command Superelevation Create Superelevation
View from the contextual ribbon (contextual ribbon is green):

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Specify display options but most of the time the default settings can be used:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

Created superelevation view:


T
VO
DE

Note: Superelevation can be modified with the grips in the superelevation view.

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VERTICAL ALIGNMENT (VA)

Profile view

A Profile View together with the Profile View Bands form a longsection. Profile view consists of a
grid and description, profile view bands display information at the top or at the bottom of the
longsection:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

To be able to design road vertical alignment (road profile), the profile view must be created. Most of
the time the design is related to the surface data, so the standard workflow is that a surface profile is
T

created first and then profile view.

Go to the ribbon Home and use the command Profile Create Surface Profile:
VO
DE

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Select an alignment and a surface, click Add and then click on Draw in profile view:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

Specify Profile View Style. It must correspond with the Profile View Band Set which will be used,
see further. A Profile View style name contains the name of a band set which it must be used with e.g.:
profile view Dual Road | Band Set 1 | Full Grid must be used with band set Dual Road | Band Set 1
| km or Dual Road | Band Set 1 | m.

Example of profile view styles and bend sets that pertains to each other:
T
VO
DE

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CA
RI
AF
H
Specify Station Range. Use Automatic option if you want to create a profile view for entire horizontal
alignment. A profile view can only be created for a specific section if User specified range is used:
T EC
VO
DE

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Specify Profile View Height. If the elevation range is not known then it is the best to use Automatic
option:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

Profile Display Options window shows the profiles which will be displayed in the profile view:
T
VO
DE

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Specify Data Bands. Band set names contain the purpose for which it should be used, band set
number and chainage units (km or m). The reason for having a band set number is that the template
contains additional band sets for specific project types. For example, for a single road the template
contains three band sets and every band set is available with the chainage in metres and kilometres:
Single Road | Band Set 1 | m
Single Road | Band Set 1 | km

Single Road | Band Set 2 | m

CA
Single Road | Band Set 2 | km

Single Road | Band Set 3 | m


Single Road | Band Set 3 | km

RI
AF
H
EC

Civil 3D allows hatching of cut and fill areas in a profile view. Because the roads vertical alignment is
not created yet, leave it blank and click on the button Create Profile View:
T
VO
DE

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Created profile view with the surface profile:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

Note: Bands do not display the correct data because the roads vertical alignment and left and right
T

edges are not created yet.


VO

Profile creation tools (Create profile by layout)

Profile creation tools are used for vertical alignment design. Click on the command Profile Profile
Creation Tools in the ribbon Home and select a profile view:
DE

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The opened window allows the Name, Profile Style and Profile label set to be specified but the
default values can be used. The name is automatically set to VA Alignment Name. VA stands for
Vertical Alignment:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC

Profile Layout Tools toolbar:


VO
DE

Before you start with a vertical alignment design, you can specify default values for vertical curves.
Click on the black arrow next to the first icon from the left hand side and select the command Curve
Settings:

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Default vertical curve parameters:

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RI
AF
H
To design a vertical alignment as a tangent polyline, click on the black arrow next to the first icon from
EC

the left hand side and use the command Draw Tangents With Curves:
T
VO

A tangent polyline should start at the beginning of the profile view and end at the end of the profile
view:
DE

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Profile layout tools toolbar has various tools for profile adjustment. Below are the tools which are used
the most often:

Insert point of vertical intersection (PVI):

CA
Delete PVI:

RI
AF
Add a curve to a PVI. This command is needed if the new PVI is inserted into a profile because it will
not have any curve. In road design, the parabola is used for vertical curves:
H
EC

Raise / Lower PVIs command can raise or lower the entire profile or just a portion of it:
T
VO

If a curve must be deleted (sometimes curves prevent major changes being made on the profiles
because the software cannot find the solution to fit in a curve with the specific parameters) then use
the command Delete Sub-entity.
DE

If the slopes K values or radii must be set to specific values then grid view is a right place to do so:

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Note 1: Autodesk suggests that Undo and Redo commands, from the Profile Layout Tools toolbar,

CA
should be used when adjusting profiles:

RI
Note 2: If you need to reopen Profile Layout Tools toolbar then select the profile in the profile view,
right click and use the command Edit Profile Geometry from the menu:

AF
H
T EC

Modify profile with the grip points


VO

If you select the profile, the grip points are displayed. These grip points can be used to modify the
profile interactively:
DE

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Profile properties

Profile properties can be reviewed in the Profile Properties window. To open this window, select the
profile in the profile view, right click and select Profile Properties from the menu:

CA
RI
AF
Profile Properties window allows the renaming of the profile and changes to the profile style in the
Information tab:
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Profile labels

Multiple labels can be added to the profile. Select the profile in the profile view, right click and select
the command Edit Labels from the menu:

CA
RI
Click on the button Import Label Set:
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

Select labels set. When designing the profile the label set Grad | Radius | Length is suitable because
it is light and it displays major information.

For final plotting the label set PVI Number can be used.

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For storm water drainage systems design the label set High & Low Points | Chainage (m) |
Elevation can be used.

Label sets which contain the word Band in the name are used for profile view bands. See YouTube
video on how to use these label sets https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eiM7F-JNkW0.

Profile label sets available in Devotech Africa Civil 3D template:

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RI
AF
H
Profile label set Grade | Radius | Length:
T EC
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DE

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Profile view properties

Profile view properties window allows the profile view style, height, length, displayed profiles, band
sets and hatching to be changed. To open the profile view properties window, click on the profile view
(select profile view grid), right click and use the command Profile View Properties:

CA
RI
Infromation tab allows the profile view style to be changed:
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Stations tab allows the profile view length to be changed if the User Specified Range option is used:

CA
RI
AF
H
Elevations tab allows the profile view height to be changed as well as splitting of the profile view
(multiple datum levels can be used in one profile view; this is suitable for very steep surfaces). To
EC

change the profile view height the User Specified Height option must be ticked:
T
VO
DE

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Profiles tab allows the profiles display to be switched on and off in the profile view. Not all the profiles
need to be displayed but they can still be used for profile view bands data. Another option for
switching off the profiles in the profile view would be to change the style to _No Display, which can
also be done in this tab:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

Bands tab allows the band set to be changed and to set the correct profiles for the profile view bands.
Click on the command Import Band Set to import bands:
T
VO
DE

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Profile view bands need to read data from the profiles. For this purpose Profile 1 and Profile 2 must
be set. The band style name shows what should be set as a Profile 1 and Profile 2. At this stage the
profiles for the left and right edge are not available because they will be created from a corridor, see
chapter Corridors for the details applicable to the road edges. NA means that it is Not Applicable so
it does not matter what profile is used.
Profile 1 is used to define geometry points at which band details must be displayed (beginning of

CA
vertical curve, end of vertical curve, PVI, start, end, etc.). Profile 2 is used for the elevation values,
which are displayed in the band:

RI
AF
H
If you click ok, a profile view will display correct information for all the bands, except left and right
EC

edges. It will also display levels at the profile geometry points (they are highlighted in the picture
below):
T
VO
DE

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Hatch tab allows specifying of hatching for profiles, e.g. cut and fill areas can be hatched accordingly:

CA
RI
AF
H
Profile view labels

Various labels can be added to the profile view. Go to the ribbon Annotate command Add Labels
EC

Profile View Add Profile View Labels:


T
VO
DE

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Specify Label Type, Marker Style, click Add and follow the command line:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Notes for working with profiles and profile views

1. When moving a profile view select only the profile view grid or the profile view grip point and
move the profile view. If you select the entire profile view with the selection window option
then labels might not move properly.

2. To create a new profile view use the command Profile View Create Profile View in the

CA
ribbon Home:

RI
3. To delete a profile view select only the profile view grid and use the command delete. If you
select the entire profile view with the selection window, the profiles displayed in the profile

AF
view will be deleted as well.

4. When a profile view and profiles are created they are automatically displayed in the
Prospector. They can also be deleted from there (right click on the object and click on the
command Delete from the menu):
H
T EC
VO
DE

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ASSEMBLY
Assembly objects contain and manage a collection of subassemblies that are used to form the typical
sections of the linear structure.

Adding one or more subassembly objects, such as travel lanes, curbs, and side slopes to an assembly
baseline creates an assembly object.

CA
Create an assembly with the command Assembly Create Assembly in the ribbon Home and place
it into model space. It is good practice to place an assembly close to a longsection if the design grid is
not used:

RI
Specify Name and Assembly Type:

AF
H
T EC
VO

Created assembly baseline:


DE

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Open Tool Palettes window with the icon highlighted on the image below. Tool palettes contains a
library of the subassemblies which can be added to an assembly. There is also an option to program
subassemblies or to use the Subassembly Composer to develop custom subassemblies:

CA
The Tool Palettes window has various tabs that contain subassemblies for specific types of structures:

RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

Further, in this document, the road assembly with curb and sidewalks will be created.

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Go to tab Lanes in the Tool Palettes window and click on LaneSuperelevationAOR:

CA
RI
AF
Specify properties in the Properties window according to the image below:
H
T EC
VO

Select assembly baseline marker to add the subassembly to the assembly:


DE

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Note: Every subassembly consists of points that are connected with links and closed areas form
shapes. Shapes are used for material volume calculations. Points, links and shapes have names
which are called Codes in Civil 3D. Codes are displayed in an assembly. Point codes are Pink, link
codes are Orange and shape codes are Green. One object can have multiple codes.

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

Go to tab Curbs in the Tool Palettes window and click on UrbanCurbGutterGeneral:


T
VO
DE

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Specify properties in the Properties window according to the image below:

CA
RI
AF
Select outside top point of the LaneSuperelevationAOR (green cross) subassembly to add gutter
subassembly to the assembly:
H
T EC

Go to tab Curbs in the Tool Palettes window and click on UrbanSidewalk:


VO
DE

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Specify properties in the Properties window according to the image below:

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Select outside top point of the UrbanCurbGutterGeneral subassembly to add sidewalk subassembly to

RI
the assembly:

AF
H
Go to tab Basic in the Tool Palettes window and click on BasicSideSlopeCutDitch to define cut and
fills:
T EC
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DE

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Specify properties in the Properties window according to the image below:

CA
RI
AF
H
Select outside top point of the UrbanSidewalk subassembly to add BasicSideSlopeCutDitch
subassembly to the assembly:
T EC
VO
DE

Note: BasicSideSlopeCutDitch subassembly contains a channel in the cut condition. If there is no


need for channel then subassembly LinkSlopeToSurface from the tab Generic can be used.

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Select all the subassemblies on the right hand side, right click and use the command Mirror from the
menu. If you want to Move, Copy or Mirror a subassembly NEVER use AutoCAD commands but only
commands from the right click menu. If AutoCAD commands are used then assembly might look
correct in the layout mode but the corridor will be incorrect because some of the subassemblies will
move up or down by a few meters during the corridor rebuilding.
If you want to Move or Copy the entire assembly then use AutoCAD commands but select only the
baseline to copy the entire assembly. Subassemblies which are properly connected to the assembly
will be moved or copied as well.

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

Select the baseline marker to mirror subassemblies to the other side:


T
VO
DE

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Select LaneSuperelevationAOR on the left hand side, right click and go to Properties or
Subassembly Properties:

CA
RI
AF
Change the Use Superelevation parameter to Left Lane Outside. This will ensure that the correct
supperelevation is used on the left hand side:
H
T EC
VO

Assembly properties can be reviewed in the assembly properties window. Select an assembly
baseline, right click and use the command Assembly Properties from the menu:
DE

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In the tab Information the assembly can be renamed:

CA
RI
AF
H
In the tab Construction the assembly type can be changed. This tab also allows the assembly
EC

construction to be reviewed and the modification of the subassemblies parameters:


T
VO
DE

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In the tab Codes all the codes from the subassemblies are displayed:

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CORRIDORS

Introduction

A corridor is a 3D model of a linear structure such as a road, channel, etc. To be able to create a
corridor three objects are necessary: horizontal alignment, vertical alignment and an assembly. An
assembly is a typical section, which is applied along the horizontal and vertical alignments at defined

CA
increment values.

If daylight links (cut and fill) are desired to be created, then target surface must be available in the
drawing (NGL).

Create corridor

RI
Click on command Corridor in the ribbon Home:

AF
Specify Name, Alignment, Profile, Assembly and Target Surface (surface which is used for cut and
H
fill):
T EC
VO
DE

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Created corridor:

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A corridor can be modified in the Corridor Properties window, tab Parameters. Select corridor, right
click and use the command Corridor Properties from the menu:

RI
AF
H
T EC
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To rename corridor go to tab Information in the Corridor Properties window:

CA
RI
AF
H
Create top surface from corridor
EC

Go to Corridor Properties window, tab Surfaces and click on the first icon from the left hand side:
T
VO
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Add Top to the surface name (to distinguish between top and datum surface later on):

CA
RI
As a Data Type select Links, select code Top and click on the Plus sign to add links to the surface
definition:

AF
H
EC

Set Overhang Correction to Top Links for the top surface. Overhang correction ensures that the
surface uses top links in the areas where different subassemblies may overlap. The image below
shows the top surface if the overhang correction was used (red) and when it was not used (purple).
Black lines represent overlapping subassemblies:
T
VO
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Go to tab Boundaries to set the corridor surface boundary. Right click on the surface name and use
the option Corridor Extents as Outer Boundary:

CA
RI
Note: In some cases the Corridor extents as outer boundary might not work so use other options (Add
Automatically, Add Interactively and From Polygon) to create surface boundary.

Corridor top surface displayed as triangles:

AF
H
EC

Corridor surface has very similar properties to TIN surface so the style can be changed as needed.
The image below displays top surface contours:
T
VO

Add slope patterns to corridor

Go to Corridor Properties window, tab Slope Patterns and click on the button Add Slope Pattern:
DE

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Select corridor feature lines to create a slope pattern between them. If multiple feature lines are
overlapping, then Civil 3D allows the selection of the correct feature line, see image below:

CA
RI
Corridor slope patterns

AF
H
EC

Create left and right road edge profiles for profile view bands
T

As it was mentioned in the chapter related to profile views, the left and right edge profiles have to be
created from the corridor.
VO

Dynamic profiles

Standard Civil 3D cannot create dynamic profiles from corridor but if you have iDAS, then see chapter
Command Profile Feature Line to create dynamic profiles.
DE

Static profiles

Use the command Profile Create Profile from Corridor from the ribbon Home and select the road
edge in the corridor. The road edge is represented by a green feature line. Keep in mind that profiles
from corridor are not dynamic so if any changes are applied to the corridor the left and right
road edge profiles must be recreated!

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CA
RI
Select corridor feature line:

AF
H
As a Name use ETWL and for Profile Style use ETW | Left:
T EC
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Do the same for the right edge, for name use ETWR and as a profile style use ETW | Right:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

Go to the profile view properties and set ETWL and ETWR profiles for Profile 2 in the tab Bands:
T
VO
DE

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Left and right edge profiles are displayed in the longsection:

CA
RI
To switch edge profiles off, use either No Display style or switch the profiles off in the profile view. Go

AF
to profile view properties, tab Profiles and tick off ETWL and ETWR. If the profiles are still visible in
the profile view then regenerate the drawing with the command Regen.
H
EC

Final profile view:


T
VO
DE

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CROSS SECTIONS
Typically, sections are cuts at given stations along a horizontal alignment. A section can display
various objects like surfaces, corridors, pipe networks, feature lines, solid objects, etc.

Create Sample lines

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Sample lines represent location and width of the cross sections in plan. All the properties related to the
cross sections can be found under the sample line group properties. Sample lines must be created
before any cross sections can be drawn.

Click on command Sample Lines in the ribbon Home:

RI
Specify an alignment you want to create cross sample lines for:
AF
H
T EC
VO

Specify objects which must be sampled (these objects will be visible in the cross sections, object can
be sampled later on and a sampled object can be removed from cross sections at any time):
DE

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Click on the black arrow next to the fifth icon from the right hand side and use the command By
Range of Stations:

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Default settings can be used or it can be modified as needed:

RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

Once you click OK press Escape to close Sample Lines Tools toolbar.

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Created sample lines:

CA
RI
Sample lines can be modified in the Sample Line Group Properties window, which can be accessed
either from the Prospector or from the right click menu when a sample line is selected. Both options
are displayed in the images below:

AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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In the tab Information a sample line group can be renamed:

CA
RI
AF
H
In the tab Sample Lines the sample line width can be modified (Shift and Ctrl buttons can be used for
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multiple selections):
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In the tab Sections the sampled objects styles can be changed. Use style NGL for NGL, Top Surface
for corridor top surface and Corridor for road corridor. This tab also allows other objects to be
sampled or sampled objects to be removed with the command Sample More Sources:

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H
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Other tabs will be explained in another chapters.

Create multiple section views

Cross sections are often printed and displayed with a different scale than the plan. Change drawing
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scale in the right bottom corner to 1:200:


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Go to the ribbon Home and use command Section Views Create Multiple Views:

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Select alignment, sample line group and section view style in the tab General:

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AF
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In the Section Placement tab use the option Draft. This option is suitable for cross sections preview.
Cross sections for plan production will be covered in the Plan Production chapter.
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In the tab Offset Range, use option Automatic if cross section width should be taken from the sample
lines width. In the image below, the cross sections have various widths:

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RI
AF
H
In the tab Elevation Range use the option Automatic (user specified option will be used in the
chapter Plan Production):
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Tab Section Display Options allows the styles for sampled objects to be changed:

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In the Data Bands tab, set <none> under Select Band Set as there is no need for the band details
when a cross section preview is created. Bands will be used for plan production:
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Multiple section views, first cross section is wider than others (width was taken from the sample line):

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Cross section:

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H
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To check if the top surface is created correctly, switch on line weight. Top surface style uses a thick
line so it will be highlighted as shown in the image below:
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Created sections and section views are also available in the Prospector:

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CORRIDOR QUANTITIES (ROADS)

Create datum surface from corridor

Before you start any volume calculations, you have to create a Datum surface from the corridor.

The Datum surface tracks the finished grade on unpaved portions and the subbase on paved

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portions, going from the left daylight point to the right daylight point. This surface represents the
grading elevations before pavement materials are applied. This surface is used for calculating cut and
fill quantities.

Go to Corridor Properties window, tab Surfaces, click on the first icon from the left hand side, add
Datum to the surface name and set overhang correction to Bottom Links:

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AF
H
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As a Data Type select Links, select code Datum and click on the Plus sign to add links to the
surface definition:
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Go to tab Boundaries to set the corridor surface boundary. Right click on the surface name and use
the option Corridor Extents as Outer Boundary:

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Note: In some cases the Corridor extents as outer boundary might not work so use other options (Add
Automatically, Add Interactively and From Polygon) to create surface boundary.

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Corridor datum surface displayed as triangles: H
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A corridor surface has very similar properties to a TIN surface so the style can be changed as needed.
The image below displays datum surface contours:
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Cut and fill quantities

Before the datum surface can be used for volume calculation, it must be sampled. Go to Sample
Lines Group Properties window, tab Sections and click on button Sample more sources:

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Select datum surface in the Available Sources window and click Add:
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Change the surface style to Datum (this step is not necessary for volume calculations, it is just for
styling purpose):

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Go to tab Material List and click on button Import Another Criteria to specify surfaces for cut and fill
calculations:

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H
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Use Cut-Fill as a Quantity Take of Criteria:

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Specify NGL and datum surface:

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Cut and fill are defined automatically, just to get a better understanding, Cut is below NGL and above
the datum surface and Fill is above NGL and below datum surface, see image below:
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Once you click OK the cut and fill quantities are calculated. To display a total volume table in the plan
go to the ribbon Annotate and use the command Add Tables Volume Total Volume:

CA
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Specify table Style, alignment, sample line group and material list:
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Total volume table (cut and fill quantities):

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Layerworks quantities

The following procedure can be used for layerworks quantities as well as for any other corridor shapes
like barriers, curbs, sidewalks, etc. Go to Sample Line Groups Properties window, tab Material List

AF
and click on the button Add new material:
H
EC

Specify material name. As a Quantity Type use Structures. That means that subassembly shapes
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can be used for calculations. As a Data Type use Corridor Shape and select corridor shape which
must be used for specific layer quantities. Follow the steps above for all the layerworks quantities:
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Once you click OK the material quantities are calculated. To display volume table in the plan, go to the
ribbon Annotate and use the command Add Tables Volume Material Volume:

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RI
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Specify table Style, alignment, sample line group and material list:
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Material volume table for asphalt layer:

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Generate a volume report

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Quantities can be exported to html format and then copied to any tabular editor (MS Excel, Open office
Calc).

Go to the ribbon Analyse command Volume Report:


H
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Specify alignment, sample line group, material list and click on the Folder Icon to browse for a
sheet style:
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The default Civil 3D contains three sheet styles: Earthwork, Mass Haul Multiple Materials and
Select Material. If you have iDAS installed on the computer then other two reports are available, see
chapter Reports for details. The Earthwork sheet is suitable for cut and fill quantities, Select Material
sheet is suitable for total materials volumes:

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When you click OK in the Report Quantities window then internet explorer might ask you if you want
to run a script. Click Yes to create report:

AF
H
EC

Earthwork report:
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Select Material report:

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H
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Below are report examples available in iDAS.


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Devotech Material Report Grouped :


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Devotech Material Report Separate:

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Display materials in the cross sections
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H
All calculated materials can be displayed in the cross sections. Go to Sample Line Group Properties
window, tab Sections and set the style for all the calculated materials:
T EC
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Cross section with cut and fill displayed:


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Note: If the materials should not be visible then set the material style to _No Display:

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PLAN PRODUCTION

Plan and profile

Create sheet production template

Create a new drawing based on acadiso.dwt and save it as Plan and Profile.dwt or Plan and

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Profile.dwg. Civil 3D supports dwt as well as dwg format for the plan production template.
Acadiso.dwt is an empty drawing template, based on metric units, which is used for new AutoCAD
drawings as default (if it is not changed by the user):

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When saving a drawing as a template (dwt), the Files of type must be set to AutoCAD Drawing
Template (*dwt):

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Switch off the grid in model space (this step is not necessary and can be skipped):

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Rename Layout 1 to Plan and Profile A0 1_1000 and delete Layout 2:

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Right click on the layout name and use command Page Setup Manager from the menu:
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T EC
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Click on button Modify:


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As a plotter use DWG To PDF.pc3. As a plot style table use Devotech (it does not matter which
version is used). Tick the option Display plot styles and as a paper size use ISO A0 (841.00 x
1189.00 MM):

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RI
AF
H
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Create two viewports, one for the plan and one for the profile:
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Select both viewports, change the scale to 1:1000 and lock them with the padlock icon, which is at the
bottom right corner:

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RI
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Select the top viewport and in the AutoCAD properties window change Viewport Type to Plan:
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Select the bottom viewport and in the AutoCAD properties window set Viewport Type to Profile:

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A north arrow can be placed on the sheet. It will be automatically rotated to the north once the
drawings are created.
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Go to Layout contextual ribbon, click on the command North Arrow, select north arrow, choose top
viewport to be linked with north arrow and specify north arrow location (right top corner). North arrow
will be very small, so scale it according to your needs with standard AutoCAD Scale command:
T EC
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North arrow can also be scaled with triangular grip point which appears when arrow is selected:
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Use cad tools to draw a title block in the same way as in standard AutoCAD. A sheet template can
also contain xrefs, images, blocks, text, etc. Once the title block is finished then save changes.

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RI
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Create view frames

Switch to the design drawing, make sure that drawing scale is set to 1:1000 and use the command
Create View Frames from the ribbon Output. View frames represent plan viewports in model space:
H
EC

Specify an alignment you want to create view frames for:


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Use the Plan and Profile option for Sheet Settings and click on the Three dot button to browse for
Plan and Profile sheet template that was created in the previous chapter:

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When a template is selected, it offers all the layouts from the template which is suitable for the
selected sheet type (plan and profile in this case):
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For the View Frame Placement use option Along Alignment:


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All the view frames are part of the View Frame Group. Use default settings in the View Frame Group
tab:

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Match Lines can be used if the plan from the previous and following section should be hidden in the
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current plan drawing. This option in not used in South Africa so use the default settings:
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In the tab Profile Views select an appropriate Profile View Style and Profile View Band Set and
click on the button Create View Frames:

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Created view frames:


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View frames can be moved, moved along an alignment and rotated with the use of view frame grip
points which are displayed when a view frame is selected:
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Create sheets

Go to the ribbon Output and use the command Create Sheets:

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Specify View Frame Group, View Frame Range, Layout Creation, Layout Name and choose North
Arrow. Civil 3D also allows the creation of sheets in a new drawing, which is good practice for larger

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projects:

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H
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Use default setting in the Sheet Set tab. Sheet sets are not covered in the Civil 3D Essentials training.
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Profile view settings can be taken from an existing profile view otherwise click on the Green Cube icon
to specify settings manually. Profile view settings can also be done after the profile views are created,
although this option might be the most suitable one to use.
Views can be aligned to the start, center or end, so use any suitable option,. Click on the button
Create Sheets and follow the command prompts:

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Created sheets:
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If Sheet Set Manager window appears on the screen then close it:

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During the sheet creation, the new profile views are created for each sheet. These profile views will
have to be adjusted according to the available space on the sheet:

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Go to the Plan and profile 1 layout and check if profile view fits in the viewport.

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If the profile view does not fit in the viewport then adjust viewports or the profile view length or the
profile view height to get desired result. The profile view length and height can be adjusted in the
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Profile View Properties window which can be opened directly from the layout tab (double click inside
the viewport to make model space active, select the profile view, right click and use the command
Profile View Properties):
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Go to tab Stations, set Station Range to User Specified Range and specify the profile view start and
end stations:

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Go to tab Elevations, set Elevation Range to User Specified Height and specify minimum and
maximum profile view height:

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H
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If you want to move the profile view or plan in the viewport then you have to Unlock the viewport first.
Select the viewport and click on the Pad Lock icon in the bottom right corner:
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Use only the Pan command, if you scroll with the mouse wheel then the viewport changes scale. If the
scale is changed then set the correct scale in the bottom right corner when the viewport is selected or
when the viewport model space is active:

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On the image below the profile view was adjusted but the profile does not fit in the available space:
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T EC
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If this problem happens then split the profile view. Go to profile view properties, tab Elevation, use
User Specified Height, tick Split Profile View, select the Manual option, add or remove splitting

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station and adjust Split Station and Datum. Profile View Styles are automatically set to the correct
profile view styles but they can be adjusted from here:

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User can define which profile should be used for the split profile data in the tab Profile:
H
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Split profile view:


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Profile view bands do not display the correct information yet, so go to the profile view properties and
set Profile1 and Profile 2:

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Final sheet:
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Cross sections

Create sheet production template

Create new drawing based on acadiso.dwt and save it as Cross sections.dwt or Cross
sections.dwg. Civil 3D supports dwt as well as dwg format for the plan production template.
Acadiso.dwt is an empty drawing template, based on metric units, which is used for new AutoCAD

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drawings (if it is not changed by user):

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When saving a drawing as a template (dwt), the Files of type must be set to AutoCAD Drawing
Template (*.dwt):

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Switch off the grid in model space (this step is not necessary and can be skipped):

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Rename Layout 1 to Cross Sections A0 1_200 and delete Layout 2:

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Right click on the layout name and use the command Page Setup Manager from the menu:
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Click on the button Modify:


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As a plotter use DWG To PDF.pc3, as a plot style table use Devotech (it does not matter which
version is used), tick option Display plot styles and as a paper size use ISO A0 (841.00 x 1189.00
MM):

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

Stretch the viewport over the available area:


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Select the viewport, change the scale to 1:200 and lock it with padlock icon which is at the bottom
right corner. If the scale 1:200 is not available then create a Custom scale, see image below:

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Click on button Add:

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Specify Name and Drawing Units:


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Select a viewport and in the AutoCAD properties window change Viewport Type to Section:
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Use cad tools to draw the title block in the same way as in standard AutoCAD. A sheet template can
also contain xrefs, images, blocks, text, etc. Once the title block is finished save the changes.

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Create cross sections for sheet production
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H
Switch to the design drawing, make sure that the drawing scale is set to 1:200, and use the command
Section Views Create Multiple Views from the ribbon Home:
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Use the same settings as was used in the chapter Cross Sections except the settings in the tab
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Section Placement, Elevation Range and Data Bands.

In the Section Placement tab use the option Production, click on Three Dot Button and browse for
the template:
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Select an available layout:

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In the Elevation Range tab use User Specified option with Height 10m. For the Sections View
Height Options use Follow a Section and select NGL or corridor. Sometimes NGL works better then
corridor but this is not always true:

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In the Data Bands tab use NGL | Offset band set. Select NGL for the Surface 1 as described in the
first band name and click on the button Create Section Views:
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Created cross sections (the surrounding rectangles represent the size of the paper and viewport):

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Create sheets

If the cross sections are not centred on the sheet then it can be adjusted either under the settings or

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just use the AutoCAD command Move and move the rectangles around the cross sections, compare
the image below with the image above:

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H
To create sheets use the command Create Section Sheets from the ribbon Output:
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Specify Alignment, Sample Line Group, Section View Group and Layout Name:
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Created sheets in the sheet list:

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Sheet with cross sections:

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If the cross section does not display a corridor then select the section view, right click and use the
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command Section View Properties from the menu:


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Go to tab Elevations, use the option User Specified for Elevation Range and set Minimum and
Maximum values so the corridor fits in the section view:

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Result:
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ROAD WIDENING
Civil 3D has very powerful tools for road widening. The road width can be driven by a polyline, feature
line or by an alignment. In the example below, offset alignment will be used.

Offset alignment is an alignment linked to the main alignment but widening can be applied to this
alignment. To create an offset alignment, select an alignment in plan and in the contextual ribbon use

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command Offset Alignment:

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Set No. of offsets on left to 1 and on right to 0 (offset alignment will be created only on the left side).
Specify Incremental offset on left and set Alignment Style, see image below:
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Created offset alignment (dashed line which overlaps with road edge):

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To add a widening to an offset alignment, select an offset alignment and use command Add

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Widening from the contextual ribbon:

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When prompted to Create Widening Portion as a New Alignment?, use the option No:
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Specify Start station, End station and enter Wideing Offset. Widening offset is measured from the
road centre line:
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Created widening on the offset alignment (thick line):

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Go to Corridor Properties window, tab Parameters and click on button Set All Targets:

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Click on the text <None>, which is next to the Left SuperelevationAOR at the Width or Offset
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Targets section:
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As an Object type to target use Alignments, select an offset alignment (offset alignment has offset
values stipulated in the name) and click Add:

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Result, road edge follows the offset alignment:


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INTERSECTION DESIGN

Design intersection automatically

Standard Civil 3D has intersection wizard but unfortunatelly it has some limitations so Devotech Africa
developed new Intersection Wizard which is part of iDAS. For more details see chapter Command
Intersection Wizard.

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Design intersection manually

Image below shows intersection layout for T-intersection. Street 1 is a Main Road, Street 2 is a Side
Road:

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Step 1: Decide where you want to link up with Street 1, on Center Line or on the edge of the road.
You have to adjust the Vertical Design for Street 2, to tie in with Street 1 (for this exercise the street
will tie in on the Edge of Traveled Way ETW).

To get the correct level to tie in to you can display the Top Surface of Street 1 in the profile view of
T

Street 2:
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Remember to rebuild the corridor after the adjustment of the Vertical Design.

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Step 2: Draw in the two bellmouths alignments. You can use polylines and then convert them to the
alignments or you can use the Alignment Creation Tools toolbar (which is a prefered option).
Bellmounth alignment must statt on the ETW of each road:

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The two bellmouths must be design as two separate alignments (F1 and F2). Create a profile view for
each bellmouth and design vertical alignment. Vertical alignment must tie to the Street 1 and Street 2
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top surfaces therefore the profiles for these surfaces must be created.
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Step 3: Clean up the intersection area. Street 1 shouldnt have curbs and no cut and fill on the right
side at the intersection area. Copy the Assembly that was used for the main corridor, rename it and
delete cut fill subassembly and curb:

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Apply this assembly for the Intersection Region in Street 1.

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Next you can move the Corridor of Street 2 back to where the Bell Mouth starts.
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Step 4: We need to create a Feature line on the ETW of street 1 to use it as a Target Object. (This
Feature line will be Targetted Horizontaly as well as Verticaly)

To get a Feature line from the ETW. Select Corridor from the menu bar, Utillities and Create Grading
Feature line from Corridor.

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Select the ETW in the drawing and then Enter to confirm.
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The Feature line is now available for a Target Object.

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Step5: Create an assembly for the Bell Mouths. (Ask your self what you want to see on the Left of
the Bell Mouth and what you want to see on the Right) On the Left you want a lane and on the Right
you need to see the curb and cut and fill.
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Step 6: Create the Intersection Corridor. This Corridor will have Two Base Lines F1 and F2.
Remember the F1 Alignment starts in Street 1 and then moves in to Street 2 so the Targets will be
done acordingly.
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Select the F1 Alignment, then the Vertical of F1 and then the Assembly for the Bell Mouths.

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Set the Targets.
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When selecting the Feature Line from the drawing, Enter and continue.
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Remember that we started in Street 1 so we Target the Feature line from Street 1 and now we move
around the corner in to Street 2 and we going to target the Center Line of street two. So Change the
object type to Target to Alignment. (These are only the Horizontal Targets)

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Now we can start with the Vertical targets.


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The object type will be Feature line Because of the elevation of the feature line. Now we move around
the corner in to Street 2, and we will target the Vertical Profile of Street 2.

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Step 7: Now we have to add another base line and that will be F2. This Alignment starts in Street 2
and ends in Street 1.
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Remember to open the Region on the plus next to the base line!
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First we are going to set the Horizontal Targets and then the Vertical Targets.

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Now we can do the Vertical Targets.


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We also have to set the Frequensy for the Regions and I will make that 0.5m.

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When you look at your Intersection you will find that the intersection point might not look correct.
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To add aditional Frequency lines follow the next steps.


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You have to do this for both Regions. Now check the intersection again.
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The T-junction is complete and now we have to create a surface for the Intersection Corridor. Check
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that the intersection contours link up with those of Street 1 and Street 2.
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CUL-DE-SAC DESIGN
Workflow below describes the option where cul-de-sac is modelled as a part of the road corridor. The
same approach can be used in the case where cul-de-sac must be modelled as a separate corridor.

Create a corridor for the road where you want to create cul-de-sac (circle, in the image below, shows
the position of the cul-de-sac):

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Create an assembly for a dummy corridor which will be used to get profile around the cul-de-sac. The
assembly can consist from LinkWidhtAndSlope subassemblies on each side. These subassemblies
should use road superelevation, each subassembly should be wider than cul-de-sac radius (dummy

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corridor must be wider then cul-de-sac):

Create dummy corridor which must follow horizontal and vertical alignment of the road and as an
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assembly use assembly for dummy corridor. Corridor does not need be created for the entire
alignment, it just needs to cover the area where the cul-de-sac is:
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Dummy corridor:

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Create top surface for dummy corridor:

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Create an alignment for cul-de-sac (it is practical to use Curb Return style):
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Create this alignment as a combination of fixed and free entities:

Fixed lines:

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Fixed curve:
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Free curve fillets:

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Crete profile from dummy corridor top surface along the cul-de-sac alignment:
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Shorten the road corridor to the point where cul-de-sac alignment connects to the road edges:

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Create an assembly for the cul-de-sac paved area (exclude curbs, sidewalk and cut/fill):

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Go to the road corridor properties, Parameters tab and insert new region before/after the existing
region:
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As an assembly use the assembly for cul-de-sac paved area:


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Set targets for the new region:

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Use cul-de-sac alignment as a width target for the lane subassemblies:

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Corridor at cul-de-sac:
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Increase frequency for the cul-de-sac region:


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The paved area corridor at cul-de-sac:


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Create an assembly with the curb and cut/fill which will run along the cul-de-sac alignment (image
below shows an example with the side walk):
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Go to road corridor properties and add new baseline:

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For a horizontal alignment use cul-de-sac alignment:

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As a profile use profile from dummy corridor top surface:
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Right click on the new baseline and add new region:


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As an assembly use the assembly with curb and cut/fill:

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Set region start and end stations (region should start and end at the points where cul-de-sac
alignment connects to the road edges):

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Start station:
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End station:

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Increase frequency along the curves:

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Set targets for the new region:

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Use NGL for target surface:

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Created cul-de-sac:

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Cul-de-sac contours:
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If the contours show some discrepancies:


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Then shortend slightly the corridor region for the cul-de-sac paved section:

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If it does not help then add curb feature lines to corridor surface definition:
H
EC

Curb 1 and Curb 2 codes are codes at the curb edges:


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Final contours:

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3D view 5 times exaggerated:
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Move dummy corridor to layer C3D-Corridor-Auxiliary and freeze this layer (do not delete dummy
T

corridor as it is used for the profile along cul-de-sac alignment):


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DATA SHORTCUTS
Data shortcuts are very powerful for data sharing within a design team and they also help to decrease
size of the drawings. For example all the designers can use just one national ground level surface
(NGL). If NGL surface is updated then all the users are informed and they can synchronize their
drawings with the source drawing (source drawing is the drawing in which the NGL surface was
created). Civil 3D can crate data shortcuts for the following objects: surfaces, horizontal alignments,

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vertical alignments, pipe networks, pressure networks and view frame groups. Data shortcuts are
actually links to the source drawing.

Data shortcuts can be managed from the Prospector (they are most of the time listed at the bottom of
the Prospector):

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To be able to create data shortcuts the Working Folder must be created first. Right click on Data
Shortcuts [ ] in the Prospector and click on Set Working Folder from the menu.
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Browse for a working folder. Very often, the main project folder is used as a working folder but each
company can have different preferences.
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Once the Working Folder is set, create new Data Shortcuts Folder. Right click on Data Shortcuts in
the Prospector and select New Data Shortcuts Folder from the menu.

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Specify data shortcuts folder Name (Data shortcuts folder is automatically created in the working
folder you specified in the previous step).

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Working folder can contain multiple Data Shortcuts Folders. This might be practical for large projects
where each department (road, water, bridge departments etc.) can use its own Data Shortcut Folder.
For example all the surfaces created by road department (road top surfaces, datum surfaces etc.) can
be in one folder so it is easier for the users to navigate through them. User can also browse different
Data Shortcut Folders created by other department and one drawing can contain data shortcuts from
different Data Shortcut Folders.

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If you go to Working Folder in windows explorer you will find new Data Shortcut Folder which contains
folder _Shortcuts with the other subfolders. These subfolders contain xml files which have information
about source drawings and source objects. You should never change the name of this folder or
subfolders because the link between source drawing and drawings where the references were created
will be corrupted.

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As soon as the Data Shortcut Folder is set then the path appears in the Prospector:

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If you create more Data Shortcuts Folder in one Working Folder you can switch between them. Right
click on Data Shortcuts menu in the Prospector and select Set Data Shortcuts Folder from the menu.
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Select Data Shortcut Folder:


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Once Data Shortcuts Folder is created you can create data shortcuts. Right click on Data Shortcuts in
the Prospector and select Create Data Shortcut from the menu.

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Select the objects which you want to create data shortcuts for:

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Created data shortcuts are shown in Prospector under Data Shortcuts menu.
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The objects which have data shortcuts can be referenced into another drawing. Open another
drawing, go to Data Shortcuts in the Prospector, right click on the object you want to reference and
use option Create Reference from the menu.

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Referenced objects are inserted into drawing and they can be seen in the Prospector. Small icon
displayed next to the objects name informs you that this object is referenced by using data shortcut.
You can adjust object style, add labels and perform some other operations but you cannot change the
object geometry. Any geometrical changes can only be done in the source drawing.
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Note 1: If you create reference for vertical alignment it will also automatically create reference for
horizontal alignment because vertical alignment depends on it.
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Data shortcut path, name and source drawing can be modified in the Data Shortcuts Editor which
can be opend from Start Programs Autodesk AutoCAD Civil 3D YYYY.
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Use commands Find and Replace in the Data Shortcut Editor to quickly change text strings for the
data shortcuts names, paths or source drawings. This can be practical when the project is moved to
another media or hard drive. Before editing data shortcuts in Data Shortcuts Editor, ensure that no one
else is currently creating or editing the same set of data shortcuts within AutoCAD Civil 3D. Otherwise,
one user can overwrite changes made by another other.

Original path:

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Changed path:
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Data Shortcuts Editor can also be used to change how the data shortcuts are associated with the
source objects. This setting is available in to column Use to Match. The association can be done
either by Name or Handle, or both. The objects Handle is its unique identifier used by the system.
Users cannot change the Handle, so it can be the most reliable matching attribute if an objects name
has changed.

The typical situation where you would use the option to match by Name is when you delete already
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referenced object and then you re-create it with the same name. The new object has a different
Handle, but if you use the match-by-name option, the old data shortcuts will automatically reference
the new object.

IMPORTANT:
If you need to connect to another project Data Shortcut Folder, then you have to set Working
Folder in which Data Shortcut Folder is located. If you select Data Shortcut Folder as a
Working Folder you will not see data shortcuts in Prospector. Working folder is generally one
level above Data Shortcut Folder.

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If you work in network and you map your network hard drive, the assigned hard drive letter
must be the same for all users to ensure link between data shortcuts. The reason for that is
that hard drive letter is saved in xml file which contains link between drawing with referenced
objects and source drawing.

Data shortcuts tool can also be used for project folder structure creation. During creation of Data
Shortcuts Folder, you can set Project template which you want to use. Project template is just folders
structure with proper names. You can find an example in your computer under C:\Civil 3D Project

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Templates\_Sample Project.

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Tick Use project template and browse for template you want to use:
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Created folder structure:

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PIPE NETWORK DESIGN


A pipe network generally consists of conduits and structures in Civil 3D. Conduits can represent pipes,
channels and culverts; structures can represent manholes, pumps, reservoirs, tanks, junctions, etc.
The list of pipes and structures is stored in the Pipe Network Catalog.

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PIPE NETWORK CATALOG
Before you start with the design you have to specify which catalog for pipes and structures you want to
use. There are two default catalogs for pipes (Metric Pipe Catalog and US Imperial Pipe Catalog) and
two for structures (Metric Pipe Catalog and US Imperial Pipe Catalog). You can also have your own
pipe network catalogs.

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To set a Pipe Network Catalog you have to use the command Home Set Pipe Network Catalog.
This command opens a window where you can set the path for the Catalog Folder (location where
catalogs are stored), Pipe Catalog and Structure Catalog.

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Devotech Africa developed South African catalogue which is called SAPC (South African Pipe
Catalogue). If Devotech Professional Extensions (DPX) or Infrastructure Design Automation
Suite (iDAS) is installed on your PC, the path should be automatically set to:
C:\ProgramData\Autodesk\ApplicationPlugins\DEVOTECH.Bundle\Contents\Sapc.

It is good practice to check if you are using correct pipe catalog. The Devotech drawing template (.dwt)
is based on this catalog. That means that objects in the template are those from SAPC. If you dont
use correct catalog than you get an error message or you cant swap pipes or structures.
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The Pipe Network Catalog contains a lot of pipes and structures but not all of them are needed for
every project. Civil 3D allows the creation of a Network Parts List where it can be specified which
pipes and structures are used from Pipe Network Catalog. Devotech Africa always suggests using
Network Part Lists which are available in the Devotech drawing template, see following chapter.

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Network Parts List

As it was mentioned, there are already created network part lists in the Devotech drawing template.
You can find them under Toolspace Settings Pipe Network. These part lists are available:

Sewer
Stormwater

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Water

Two part lists for sewer and storm water are available because in some cases and countries it is
required to have different design rules according to pipe size. That means that pipes with bigger
diameter have different minimum and maximum cover and minimum and maximum slope compared to
pipes with a smaller diameter. The rules are described in detail in the next chapter.

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In case you want to create new Network Parts List you have to go to ribbon Home Create Network
Parts List. This command opens window where you can specify pipes and structures you want to use
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for your project.


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To add pipes you have to go to the tab Pipes, right click on New Parts List and select Add part
family from the menu.

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It opens another window where you can check the pipe families you want to use.

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You can see the inserted part families in Network Part List window.

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The families are empty because the pipe sizes were not specified. To do that, right click on network
family and select Add part size from the menu.
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You can specify the part size or you can add all available part sizes which are available in the pipe
catalog.

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The same procedure, which was described for pipes, can be used for structures.

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Import pipe types from one part list to another one

The example below describes the workflow to import Rocla In the wall joint pipes to Water part list.
The same procedure can be used for any other pipe type or part list.

Go to Toolspace Settings Pipe Network Part Lists and open Water part list:

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Go to Pipes tab, right click on Water and use command Add Part Family:
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Select desired pipe type:

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Scroll down in the Pipes tab, right click on the imported pipe type and command Add part size from the
menu:
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Select specific pipe size or import all sizes (tick option Add all sizes):

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Imported sizes:

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Assign correct Style and Rules:


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Trapezoidal Channels

SAPC contains about 900 channel sizes for each channel side slope. The width and height vary from
100 mm to 3 000 mm. There are eight channel side slopes available 1:1.5, 1:2, 1:2.5, 1:3, 1:3.5, 1:4,
1:4.5, 1:5. Bringing all the sizes into part list would increase Devotech Civil 3D template size by about
3 MB so we decided to only bring six sizes for each channel side slope:

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Add channel size from the list
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To add another trapezoidal channel size from the available list, right click on the part list you want to
add sizes to (Toolspace Settings Pipe Network Parts Lists) and select Edit from the menu:
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Right click on the channel type you want to add sizes to and select Add part size from the menu:

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Specify wall thickness, height, bottom width and click OK. Only sizes within the range from 100 mm to
3 000 mm with step 100 mm are available. For user defined size see following chapter.
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Change channel style and rules:

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Add user defined channel size and side slope

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Click on the command Part Builder in the ribbon Home:

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Select any trapezoidal channel and open it:


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Click on button Save As:

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Specify the new name:

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Right click on Model Parameters and select Edit:


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Select LenA3 parameter and click on Calculator:

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Change first digit to desired slope (for 1:1.75 type 1.75, for slope 1:4 type 4 etc.):

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Right click on Size Parameters and select Edit Values from the menu
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Select parameter you want to change and click on Edit icon.


PIH Pipe/Channel Inner Height,
PIW Pipe/Channel Inner Width,
WTh Pipe/Channel Wall Thickness.

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Override existing values or add new values:
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Once you finish changes, click on the cross button in the part builder window and save changes:
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Right click on the part list you want to add new channels to (Toolspace Settings Pipe Network
Parts Lists) and select Edit from the menu:

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Right click on the part list name under tab Pipes and select Add part family from the menu:
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Tick new part family and click OK:

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Right click on new family and select Add part size from the menu:
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Specify size you want to add or tick option Add all sizes. Unfortunately Add all sizes does add only
about 450 part sizes.

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Custom trapezoidal channel in the part list:

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PIPE AND STRUCTURE RULES


The Network Part List contains a column where you can define which rules should be used for pipes
and structures during pipe network creation. When you create a pipe network in plan, Civil 3D assigns
elevations for structures and pipes automatically according to the chosen rules. There are different
rules for pipes and structures.

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Pipe and structure rules help the designer to determine the pipes and structures preliminary elevation
but the final elevation must be adjusted by the designer. Pipe and structure rules are very useful for
sewer and storm water pipe network design.

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Pipes rules

Cover and Slope


Cover only
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Length check
Pipe to Pipe Match
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Pipe Rule Cover and Slope


This rule works in following steps:

1) Upstream invert is set based on Cover at Structure


2) Downstream invert is set based on Cover at Structure
3) Slope is checked
- Min Slope violation, Upstream invert is held => min Slope applied
- Max Slope violation, Pipe is flagged in view

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4) Cover is checked along entire length,1/3 ruled is applied
- Violation First 1/3, Downstream invert is held => Upstream is dropped
- Violation in Middle 1/3, Pipe is dropped to satisfy cover at low point => slope same
- Violation in Last 1/3, Upstream invert is held => Downstream invert is dropped
5) Slope is checked
- Min slope violation, Upstream invert is held => Downstream invert is dropped
- Max slope violation, Pipe is flagged in view

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Steps 4 and 5 are repeated, until solution is found.

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Pipe Rule Cover only


Upstream and downstream inverts are set based on minimum cover along entire length of the pipe.
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Pipe Rule Length Check


Length of pipe is checked. There are three options which can occur:

A. Pipe only (without structure):


Lengths used for rule are 3D endpoint of pipe to endpoint of pipe

B. Pipe with structure at one end:


Lengths used for rule are 3D centre of structure to endpoint of pipe

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C. Pipe with structure at each end:
Lengths used for rule are 3D centre of structure to centre of structure

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Pipe Rule Pipe to Pipe Match
Connection between two pipes is set based on:
- Match location of two pipes (Crown, Centreline, Invert)
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- Amount of vertical separation between the pipes


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Structure rules

Pipe Drop across the Structure


Sump Depth
Max Pipe size check
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Structure Rule Pipe Drop Across the Structure


Checks drop value between two pipes connected to the structure.

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Structure Rule Sump Depth
Checks sump depth of the pipes connected to the structure.

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Max Pipe Size Check


Size of pipes connected to the structure is checked.

Modify rules
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Rules can be opened either from the Toolspace Settings Pipe Pipe Rule Set or Toolspace
Settings Structure Structure Rule Set:
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or from the pipe or structure properties window, tab Rules:

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CREATE PIPE NETWORK IN PLAN


Before you start to create a pipe network you have to have a surface. It can be an NGL surface or, for
example, a road surface. You can use different surfaces during pipe network creation (e.g. portion of
pipe network can be related to NGL and the other portion to the road surface).
There are a few options on how to create a pipe network. You can create a network by using Pipe
Network Creation Tools or you can Create pipe network from object or you can Create pipe

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network from GIS data.

Create pipe network with using of Pipe Network Creation Tools

Pipe Network Creation Tools can be opened by the command Home Pipe Network Pipe Network
Creation Tools. This command opens a window where you can specify a network name, network part

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list you want to use, reference surface, reference alignment (pipe network chainage will be taken from
that alignment) and labels for pipes and structures. When you confirm this window, the toolbar with the
Pipe Network Creation Tools will open.

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1. Pipe Network Properties you can specify all properties related to a pipe network like pipe
network name, pipes and structures labels, reference surface, reference alignment, pipes and
structures layers and a name template (you can specify what name and number will be assigned

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to every pipe and structure). It sometimes happens that you specify labels in Pipe Network
Properties window but they are not displayed. The solution is to use command Add labels to
display labels for pipes and structures.
2. Select Surface use this command to set reference surface.
3. Select Alignment use this command to set reference alignment.
4. Part List select part list you want to use for network creation.
5. Select Structure select structure you want to use for network creation.

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6. Select Pipe select pipe you want to use for network creation.
7. Draw Pipes and Structures use this command to create a pipe network. You can create both
pipes and structures or structures only or pipes only. During pipe network creation you can
change the reference surface, reference alignment, pipe type and structure type. You can create
the next structure by typing a distance value into the command line and pressing enter. Then the

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direction of the next structure is taken from cursor position relative to previous structure. .
If you need to create a pipe at the certain road chainage and with specific offset from the centre
line, you can use the transparent command Station Offset .
8. Toggle Upslope/Downslope you can toggle flow direction.
9. Delete Pipe Network Object
10. Pipes Network Vistas opens panorama window with info about network pipes and structures
11. Undo if you do a mistake during pipe network creation it is recommended to use undo from this
toolbar instead of using undo from AutoCAD Civil 3D.
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Create pipe network from object
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You can use this command to create a pipe network from a drawing entity such as a line, polyline, arc,
or feature line. This command is in the ribbon Home Pipe Network Create Pipe Network from
Object. When you click on this command you will be prompted to select an object, flow direction and
after that the window Create Pipe Network from Object will be opened. You can specify a network
name, network part list you want to use, pipe type, network type, reference surface and reference
alignment (pipe network chainage will be taken from that alignment).
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Create pipe network from multiple objects

iDAS has tools to create pipe network from multiple objects (lines and polylines). Use one of the
following commands according to the network type: Sewer Wizard, Storm Wizard, Water Wizard
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and Bulk Water Wizard.


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Pipe network from GIS data-(shp file)

Go to ribbon Insert Import Import GIS data:


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Browse for shp file and click connect:

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Specify network name and part list:

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Specify coordinate system:


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Specify which pipe shape you want to use and click Add:

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Map pipe data:
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Map manhole data (same procedure like for pipe data):

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You can specify to import data only within specific region:
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Specify clean up setting:

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CREATE PROFILE VIEW (LONGSECTION) FOR PIPE NETWORK

Create profile view manually

Before you can create a profile view for a pipe network you have to create an alignment from a pipe
network. Go to ribbon Home Alignment Create Alignment from Network Parts, select first the
structure of your pipe network (or branch) and then select the last structure of the network (or branch).

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Once you hit enter, the Create Alignment window opens. There you can specify an alignment site,
name, type, style, label set and you can also tick if you want to create profile and profile view
(Devotech suggests to have this option always ticked).

Note: More details about alignment properties, label sets, adjustment etc. can be found in the chapter
CIVIL 3D ESSENTIALS Horizontal Alignment (HA).

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If you ticked Create profile and profile view, the profile view creation procedure will start
automatically after alignment creation.

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Specify the profile view style in Create Profile View window, tab General. The profile view style name
must correspond with profile view band set you intend to use.
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Set profile view band set:

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Create profile view automatically

iDAS has tools to create profile views automatically. For the sewer and storm water networks use
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Command Optimise Network (which is available for sewer and storm water networks). For bulk
water pipe lines use Command Bulk Water Wizard which offers to create profile view during creation.
These commands create alignments from the network automatically.
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Profile view styles and band set styles

Profile view styles and bands set styles must correspond. It means that if you use profile view style
Pipe | Storm | Levels at Structure then you must use band set Pipe | Storm | Levels at Structure |
m. The Devotech drawing template contains different styles and band sets for storm water, sewer and
water networks.

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Profile view band sets:

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Profile view styles: H
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There are two types of band sets in the Devotech template. The first type displays information only at
the structures. This type has in description ...|Levels at Structure|.... The second type displays
information at structures and at the specific interval (20 m, 50 m etc.). This type has in description
...|Levels at Structure & Interval|.... The second type requires more attention from the user. Details
are described in the following chapter.

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Settings for band set which has in description Levels at Structure & Interval

The following band sets display values at structures and at the specific interval as well. They require
some more input from the user side.

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Create profiles for invert and trench by using command Profile Pipes in the ribbon PROFILES:

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Select network you want to create profile for:
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Tick Invert and Trench, click OK and select the profile view you want to create profiles for:
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Go to the Profile view properties, tab Bands and set the appropriate profiles for Profile 1 and
Profile 2. This needs to be done only for the bands which have style name in CAPITAL LETTERS.

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The band name specifies which profiles must be used for that specific band.

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If you do not want the profiles to be visible in the profile view, switch them off under Profile view
properties, tab Profiles.

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Profile view band labels are not in the correct position

If some labels are not in the right position, as you can see on picture below, then just go to profile view

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properties and click OK. This will move labels to the right position.
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Profile view labels are not displayed

If you do not see labels in profile view bands you should check if the Data source is correctly defined
in Profile View Properties window, tab Bands.

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Distance band labels display question marks

If you see question marks (???) instead of chainage values, you have to select reference alignment for
your network. To do that automatically, go to iDAS ribbon and use command AutoMap. This
command will assign the chainage from the closest horizontal alignment.
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If you need to assign chainage from a road and not from a pipe centreline, than go to panorama
window. In the network panorama window right click on column Reference Alignment and go to Edit.

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How to update change in direction band

If the change in direction band does not display any data then go to iDAS ribbon and use command
Water Update Bends.

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To specify the format, tolerances and rounding, go to Water Manager:


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And use command Options Bend Settings:

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After you change the format, use Update Bends command again.
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DPX users might need to use command DPXSETTINGS which they have to write into command line.
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How to use NMBM sewer longsection styles

Template has two types of profile view bands. One band set contains flows and velocities and the
other one does not have these bands. Styles and band sets have acronym NMBM in the name.

Band Set 1:

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Band Set 2:
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Each band set has to be used with its profile view style:
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Excavation Depth to Invert band as well as vertical lines are part of the structure labels. Excavation
depth is measured from the surface at insertion point to the sump. If sump depth is not zero, then the
depth is measured to the bottom of the structure. To add structure labels to profile view use command
Add Labels Pipe Network Add Pipe Network Labels in the ribbon Annotate:

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Use the same settings as in the picture below, click Add and select structure in the profile view:
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Bedding class must be specified under Pipe User Field 1.

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User Fields can be modified in the pipe properties window or they can be modified globally with the
command Edit User Fields in the panel Pipe Design:
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Specify User Defined Field and Value:

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Profile view name is taken from the horizontal alignment name:
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Template contains two structure table styles and one pipe table style:

1. Proposed Main Sewer Particulars is a structure table.

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Downstream Pipe Class data are taken from the pipe description which can be changed in the
pipe properties window or in the panorama window (faster option for multiple pipes):

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2. Proposed Water Setting Out Data is a structure table for water networks. It is mentioned here just
for completeness sake:

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3. Proposed Sewer Erf Connection Setting Out Details is a pipe table:

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Columns headings:

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First column Erf. No. is taken from the Pipe User Field 2:
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TOOLS FOR PIPE NETWORK EDITING

Edit pipe network

To edit a pipe network, select any part of your pipe network and go to the ribbon Pipe Networks
Edit Pipe Network. This command will open Pipe Network Creation Tools. The same command can
be found in the right click menu once any object from the pipe network is selected.

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Edit or adjust invert levels

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Pipes and structures vertical position is assigned by rules during pipe network creation. You can
change their position in a profile view manually (drag and drop) or you can select pipe (structure), right
click and use pipe (structure) properties window. You can also modify rules in the network part list and
you can apply them again to your network or to its section (branch) only.

There is also an option to use the iDAS command Adjust Inverts. This command sets the pipe and
structure levels to the specific elevation below/above surface. This is very useful for water pipe
networks which generally follow surface at the certain depth.
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When you click on the command Set Inverts, it opens a window where you can set which network or
part of the network you want to reset invert levels for. After that another window is opened where you
can specify invert levels above/below surface, reference surface and to which entity you want to apply
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this command (pipe, structure, structure sump).


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Pipes follow surface but structure sump depth is at the default level:
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Structure sump depth after Link Sump to Pipe was used (depth is constant and it can also be equal
to zero):
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If a constant slope between multiple structures is needed, then use the iDAS command Grade Pipe.
Select the first and the last structure and the software will calculate a slope between those two
structures. This slope is then applied to all the pipes which are between the selected structures.

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After using the Grade Pipe command the sump elevation might remain at the original elevation so use
the command Adjust Inverts to adjust the sump depth.

Insert structure
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You can insert structure to pipe (pipe will split). You have to use command Structures Only. While
inserting a structure to your pipe you need to be close to the pipe edge and it will show you a sign
which means that the structure will be connected to the pipe. If you insert a structure without
connecting it to the pipe, the pipe will not split.
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Insert structure at a specific chainage

First insert the structure close to the required chainage by using the procedure described above. To
insert the structure, you can use a chainage of any alignment (road, pipe) available in the drawing. If
you want to use a chainage of your pipe network and horizontal alignment for your pipe network was
not created yet you have to do that according to the workflow described in section Draw pipe network
in profile view. Then select a structure, drag the centre point, click on transparent command Station

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Offset, select alignment, specify chainage (type value into the command line) and as an offset use the
value zero.

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Transparent command Station Offset:

Insert structure in profile view AF


You can insert a structure in a profile view by using iDAS command Insert Structure. A structure will
by automatically inserted in a plan as well.
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Connect pipe to structure


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You can connect multiple pipes to one structure. While you are connecting a pipe to a structure you
must see a symbol which means you that the pipe will be connected to structure.
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Move structure in profile view

To move a structure in a profile view use the iDAS command Move Structure. The structure will by
automatically moved in plan as well.

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Swap part and swap multiple parts

Select a part you want to swap in plan and go to ribbon Pipe Networks Swap Part. This command

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opens a window in which all parts from the part list are available. Another way to access the command
Swap Part is to select a pipe or structure in plan, right click and select Swap Part from the menu.
Unfortunately, the Civil 3D swap command sometimes does not work (mainly for the first and the last
structure of the network). The solution is to use DPX or iDAS swap command, see further.

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To avoid issues with the Civil 3D swap command or to swap multiple objects at the same time use
DAS commands Swap Structure and Swap Pipes:
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Change pipe properties

Select a pipe in plan or in a profile view and go to the ribbon Pipe Networks Pipe Properties. You
can access this command from the right click menu as well.

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Change structure properties
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Select a structure in plan or in a profile view and go to the ribbon Pipe Networks Structure
Properties. You can access this command from the right click menu as well.
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Rename pipes and structures

Pipe and structure names are assigned automatically according to the drawing setting during pipe
network creation. There are two options to rename pipes and structures:

Option 1 Standard Civil 3D rename tool:


Go to ribbon Modify Pipe Network and then go to ribbon Pipes Network panel Modify

CA
Rename Parts.

RI
AF
H
It is more efficient to access this command from the menu bar Pipes Utilities Rename Network
Parts:
T EC
VO
DE

Select the first and last structure of a network branch (structures and pipes between them will be
selected automatically) and press enter. You can specify a name template for pipes and structures in
the opened window.

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CA
RI
Option 2 iDAS rename tool AF
Water, Storm Water and Sewer managers have an option to rename network parts. Go to Options
in any of the managers and use command Rename Options:
H
T EC

Specify default name and click on button Rename Now. The objects are renamed in the order they
were loaded into database, currently the user does not have an option to change the order.
VO
DE

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Merge pipe networks

Civil 3D has a command to merge pipe networks. To merge networks select any object of the network
you want to merge and click on the command Merge Networks from contextual ribbon.

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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SERVICES

Services as COGO points

Note: This chapter assumes that reader is familiar with the COGO points from the chapter CIVIL 3D
ESSENTIALS Cogo Points.

CA
Create COGO point at the location where service cross a pipe line and assign an elevation to this
point (elevation is equal to the elevation of the service).

Open the Create Points toolbar by using the command Points Create Points:

RI
AF
H
Specify the default properties as needed in the Create Points toolbar:
T EC
VO
DE

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If you need to create a point at the specific chainage use Manual point creation and transparent
command Station Offset:

CA
RI
Transparent command

AF
H
T EC
VO

Specify station, offset and elevation and insert point:


DE

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Click on the profile view you want to project the COGO point to and select the command Project
Objects To Profile View from the contextual ribbon:

CA
RI
AF
Select COGO point(s) in plan and hit enter. A new window will open where you can define a style,
elevation and point description. Once you click OK the COGO point will be projected to profile view:
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Objects projected to profile view can be managed in the Profile View Properties window tab
Projections:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Services as pipe network

If you have drawings with lines which represent a pipe network (or any other services, cables etc.) and
a text file with the levels you can create pipe network and assign elevations from text file. It is
recommended to have services in separate drawing and to use data shortcuts to bring them into the
design drawing. Below is described procedure using data shortcuts (text further assumes that user has
knowledge of data shortcuts).

CA
Start up a new drawing based on Devotech template and copy the lines, which represent pipe
network, into this drawing.

Create an NGL surface reference:

RI
AF
Create an empty pipe network by using the command Pipes Create Pipe Network by Layout:
H
EC

Specify a name, part list and reference surface:


T
VO
DE

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Use the storm water, sewer or water wizards:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO

Swap pipes and structures according to their real size.

Create a surface from the text file which contains invert levels (the surface will represent invert levels).
You can create surface by using command Surfaces Create Surface:
DE

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Specify surface name:

CA
RI
AF
Add point file to surface definition: H
T EC
VO
DE

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Assign pipe network invert levels from the invert surface with the iDAS command Adjust Inverts:

CA
Specify 0 depth, surface and apply it to pipes:

RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Create a data shortcut for pipe network:

CA
RI
Switch to your design drawing and create a reference for the storm water pipe network:

AF
H
Referenced network in the design drawing:
T EC
VO

Go to the profile view properties of the profile view you want to display the storm water network in:
DE

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In the Pipe Networks tab change Draw to Yes and change Style Override to Stormwater | Section
style for Longsection:

CA
RI
AF
Referenced network displayed in profile view with section style:
H
T EC
VO

You can add labels to pipes in the profile view:


DE

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DRAW A PIPE NETWORK IN THE CROSS SECTIONS


A pipe network can by displayed in the cross sections. You can create cross sections just for a pipe
network or you can display a pipe network in the road cross sections. You have to sample the pipe
network in the Sample Line Group Properties window, tab Sections. Click on Sample more
sources and add pipe networks you want to see in the cross sections.

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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Structure in the road cross section:

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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ADD PIPE AND STRUCTURE LABELS

Insert labels

Civil 3D allows you to add labels for pipes and structures in plan, profile view and cross section. Select
any part of pipe network and go to the ribbon Pipe Networks Add Labels Add Pipe Network
Labels:

CA
RI
AF
In the opened window specify if you want to add labels for plan, profile view or cross section and if you
want to add labels for one part only or for the entire network
H
T EC
VO
DE

Labels in plan:

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Move labels

Labels can be moved with the grip points which appear in the model space once label is selected:

CA
Moved label shows more grip points (some grip points are for leader). The circular grip point allows to

RI
reset label to its original location:

AF
In some cases the structure labels do not move. This issue seems to be Civil 3D bug. Image below
H
shows that label does not move although the grip point is moved:
T EC

The following workaround can be used to fix this problem:

Go to structure properties:
VO
DE

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Change structure style to Junction:

CA
RI
AF
H
Move label:
T EC

Change the style back to the original one. The label will remain moveable until you click on the circular
grip point which resets the label:
VO
DE

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STORM WATER NETWORK

Catchments

Civil 3D has catchment objects but neither iDAS nor DPX uses these object for catchments because
they are not user friendly. Devotech Africa decided to rather use parcels for catchments.

CA
Create catchments (parcels) in Civil 3D

To create parcels go to the ribbon Home Parcel Parcel Creation Tools or Create Parcel from
Object. The easiest option is to sketch catchment boundaries with polylines and then convert them to
parcels.

RI
AF
Specify a site, style, labels and other options in the Create Parcel window. A style can be used just for
H
visual purpose (any style can be used for parcels representing catchments) or specific run-off
coefficient can be assigned to each parcel style. A site can be used for different catchments e.g.
predevelopment and post development.
T EC
VO
DE

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Parcels representing catchments created from polylines:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

Parcels have two identifiers, Name and Number. To change any of these two, select a parcel, right
click and use the command Parcel Properties from the menu:
T
VO
DE

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The parcels Name can be changed in the Information tab:

CA
RI
AF
H
EC

The parcels Number can be changed in the User Defined Properties tab:
T
VO
DE

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Catchment (parcel) table

To create a parcel table go to the ribbon Annotate Add Tables Parcel Add Area:

CA
RI
AF
H
Select Table style and click on the icon with green cube to select parcels from drawing:
T EC
VO
DE

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Parcel table:

CA
RI
Modify catchment (parcel) geometry
AF
H
Parcels can be modified with grip points which appear when a parcel segment is selected. To select a
parcel segment do not select the parcel label but a parcel segment which is line around parcel:
T EC
VO
DE

To delete a parcel, the parcel segment must be deleted or the vertices must be moved in such a way
that they do not form closed object.

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Catchment properties in iDAS

Catchment properties differ according to the run-off method which is used for an analysis. iDAS
supports Rational method and Epaswmm method.

Catchment properties for Rational method

CA
Open Storm Water Manager:

RI
AF
Go to tab Catchments and click on the button Hide EPA SWMM to hide properties which are relevant
to the other runoff calculation method:
H
EC

CATCHMENT SITE PROPERTIES


T

To specify properties for a catchment site select any catchment and click on the command
Catchment Site Properties. If the catchments are divided into sites (pre and post development
catchments) they can have different properties.
VO
DE

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Reference Surface surface used for flow path slope calculation. The slope is calculated according
to the Rational Time of Concentration (TOC) Method settings, see further.

Hydrology Method use Rational method.

Rational Time of Concentration (TOC) Method there are two options available, Kirpish and
Kerby formula.

CA
Kirpich formula:
0.77 0.385
Tc = 0.01947L /S ,

where: Tc = Time of Concentration (min),


L = Flow Length (m),
S = Slope (m/m).

RI
Kerby formula:
0.467 -0.235
Tc = 1.44 (rL) S ,

AF
where: Tc = Time of Concentration (min),
r = Roughness Coefficient,
L = Hydraulic Length of the Catchment (m),
S = Slope of the Catchment (m/m).

If Kirpish formula is used then the surface slope is calculated according to the rule 10-85. If Kerby
formula is used then the surface slope is calculated from the flow path start and end point elevation.
H
Rational Minimum Allowed TOC defines the minimum time of concentration so if the calculated
TOC is shorter than mimimum allowed TOC then minimum value is used.
EC

Rational Ascending Limb Multiplier this value stretches (or shortens) the ascending limb of the
computed triangular hydrograph when using the Rational hydrology method. The ascending limb of
the runoff hydrograph occurs over the time duration obtained by multiplying this multiplier by the
computed time of concentration (Tc). Therefore, the ascending limb is equal to Tc x Ascending Limb
Multiplier. For example, if the Ascending Limb Multiplier is specified as 0.8, then the ascending side of
the hydrograph would be 0.8 x Tc.
T

Image below shows Limb Multiplier equal to 2.


VO
DE

Rational Recending Limb Multiplier this value stretches (or shortens) the receding limb of the
computed triangular hydrograph when using the Rational hydrology method. The receding limb of the
runoff hydrograph occurs over the time duration obtained by multiplying this multiplier by the computed
time of concentration (Tc). Therefore, the receding limb is equal to Tc x Receding Limb Multiplier. For
example, if the Receding Limb Multiplier is specified as 1.4, then the receding side of the hydrograph
would be 1.4 x Tc.

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Image below shows Limb Multiplier equal to 2.

CA
RI
Rational Storm Duration custom storm duration (SD) which is used for analysis. If custom storm
duration should not be used, then set value to 0.

AF
H
Rational IDF Curve Name name of the selected IDF curve. Available IDF curves are from THE
CIVIL ENGINEER in South Africa March 1979, see details on the next two pages. User can also
define custom IDF curve by clicking on the icon next to the IDF curve name.
EC

Rational IDF Curve Return Period selected return period.


T
VO
DE

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CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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CA
RI
AF
H
T EC
VO
DE

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CATCHMENT INLET STRUCTURE


To specify an inlet structure for each catchment, right click on the catchment in the column Inlet and
use command Select Inlet Structure:

CA
RI
AF
There is also an option to select a structure from the list if you left click directly on the cell in the
column Inlet:
H
EC

AVERAGE CATCHMENT SLOPE


T

The catchment slope can be typed in directly or it can be calculated based on rule 10-85 from the
reference surface which was set in the Catchment Site Properties window. To calculate the
catchment slope from the reference surface right click on the cell in the column Ave Slope (%) and
VO

use the command Draw a Flow Path Polyline.


DE

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Sketch the longest hydraulic flow path in plan and the software calculates the slope as well as flow
path length:

CA
RI
All the calculated values can be overwritten by the user. If the values are overwritten, then the values
are displayed with bold text so that the user is informed that these values are not calculated.

AF
RUNOFF COEFFICIENT
Runoff coefficient can be written directly in the column Runoff Coeff or it can be assigned from a
parcel style. Parcel style runoff coefficients can be set in the tab Runoff Coefficients:
H
T EC
VO

Values written directly by user are displayed with bold text font so user is informed about overwritten
values:
DE

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Runoff coefficient can also be calculated as a composite (weighted) value in the Catchment
Properties window, tab Runoff:

CA
Composite (weighted) runoff coefficient:

RI
AF
H
EC

RAINFALL INTENSITY
T

This value is derived from the assigned IDF curve.


VO

RUNOFF
This value is calculated from the area, intensity and runoff coefficient based on the rational method
formula.
DE

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Catchment properties for Epaswmm method

Go to Storm Water Manager:

CA
Go to tab Catchments and click on button Hide Rational to hide properties which are relevant to the
other runoff calculation method:

RI
AF
H
EC

CATCHMENT SITE PROPERTIES


To specify properties for catchment site select any catchment and click on command Catchment Site
Properties. If the catchments are divided into sites (pre and post development catchments) they can
have different properties. Reference surface set in this window is used for catchment slope calculation:
T
VO
DE

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CATCHMENT INLET STRUCTURE


To specify inlet structure for each catchment right click on the catchment in the column Inlet and use
command Select Inlet Structure:

CA
RI
AF
There is also option to select structure from the list if you left click directly on the cell in the column
Inlet:
H
T EC

AVERAGE CATCHMENT SLOPE


Catchment slope can be typed in directly or it can be calculated based on rule 10-85 from the
reference surface which was set in the Catchment Site Properties window. To calculate catchment
VO

slope from the reference surface right click on the cell in the column Ave Slope (%) and use command
Draw a Flow Path Polyline.
DE

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Sketch the longest hydraulic flow path in plan and software calculates slope:

CA
RI
A slope value can be overwritten by user. If the values are overwritten then the values are displayed

AF
with bold text font so user is informed that these values are not calculated.

EQUIVALENT WIDTH
Equivalent Width = Area / Flow Length

If the flow length is longer than 150 m then:


H
Equivalent Width = Area / 150 (by the time runoff has travelled circa 150 m it has consolidated into
rivulets and therefore no longer behaves as overland flow over a uniform plane).
EC

RAIN GAGE
A rain gage is defined by a time series, so first the time series must be defined. Go to the command
Edit Curves:
T
VO

Create new curve:


DE

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As a curve type use Time Series:

CA
Add values for the time series or import the South African 24 hour rainfall distribution:

RI
South African rainfalls distributions available in iDAS:
AF
H
EC

South African rainfall distribution map:


T
VO
DE

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South African rainfall distribution graphs:

CA
RI
AF
The imported rainfall distribution has a rainfall depth of 1 mm, so the values must be multiplied by the
H
24 hour rainfall depth. You can use Design Rainfall software to find out rainfall depth in South Africa.
This software is in the folder Design_Rainfall which is provided during training together with training
data.
T EC
VO

To start up the program double click on the file rainfall2.jar:


DE

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Specify the duration, return period, location and click on Proceed. Save results to a file and open
results in notepad.

CA
RI
AF
H
T EC

Note:
VO

The Design Rainfall program implements procedures to estimate design rainfall in South Africa
developed by JC Smithers and RE Schulze. Funding for this project was obtained from the Water
Research Commission through a project entitled "Rainfall Statistics for Design Flood Estimation in
South Africa" (WRC Project K5/1060), and from the University of Natal Research Fund. Details of the
procedures are contained in the WRC Report No. XXX/Y/2002 entitled "Design Rainfall and Flood
Estimation in South Africa" by JC Smithers and RE Schulze. The software was developed by MJ
Gorven.
DE

Any queries can be referred to:


School of Bio resources Engineering and Environmental Hydrology
University of Natal
Private Bag X01
Scottsville
3201
South Africa
Telephone:033-2605490
Fax: 033-2605818
E-Mail: smithers@nu.ac.za

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Rainfall distribution imported into the curve manager before the values were multiplied by rainfall
depth:

CA
RI
AF
To multiply values by rainfall depth right click on the column heading Value and use command
Multiply Values:
H
EC

Rainfall distribution multiplied by rainfall depth:


T
VO
DE

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To assign a time series (curve) to a rain gage go to command Edit Rain Gages:

CA
Create new rain gage:

RI
Assign a time series to a rain gage:
AF
H
T EC
VO

To assign a rain gage to all the catchments right click on the rain gage heading and use command Fill
Value for Selected Parcels:
DE

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Rain gage assigned to catchments:

CA
RI
AF
It is possible to assign different rain gages to different catchments.
H
IMPERVIOUS AREA (%)
The percentage of the catchment area that is impervious (i.e., roofs, asphalt or concrete roadways and
EC

sidewalks, etc.).

IMPERVIOUS MANNINGS ROUGHNESS


Specify the Manning's roughness coefficient for overland flow over the impervious portion of the
subbasin. The Mannings roughness value for overland flow is an effective roughness coefficient that
includes the effect of raindrop impact; drag over the plane surface; obstacles such as litter, crop
T

ridges, and rocks; and erosion and transportation of sediment. Typical values are in the table below.
VO
DE

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CA
RI
AF
H
EC

PERVIOUS MANNINGS ROUGHNESS


Specify the Manning's roughness coefficient for overland flow over the pervious portion of the
subbasin (i.e., grassy or open soil, etc.). The Mannings roughness value for overland flow is an
effective roughness coefficient that includes the effect of raindrop impact; drag over the plane surface;
obstacles such as litter, crop ridges, and rocks; and erosion and transportation of sediment. Typical
values are in the table above.
T

DEPRESSION STORE IMPERVIOUS


VO

Specify the depth of depression storage on the impervious portion of the subbasin (mm). Surface
storage is represented by a surface depression depth, such as localized depressions and other areas
that will trap stormwater runoff, which must be satisfied before runoff from impervious surfaces can
begin. Note that this value is meant to account for localized ponding that one will see after a
rainstorm, where there are little puddles scattered about. Typical values are in the table below.
DE

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DEPRESSION STORE PERVIOUS


Specify the depth of depression storage on the pervious portion of the subbasin (mm). Surface storage
is represented by a surface depression depth, such as localized depressions and other areas that will
trap stormwater runoff, which must be satisfied before runoff from impervious surfaces can begin.
Generally, surface storage (and the equivalent depression depth) is greater for pervious areas than
impervious areas, as represented by a higher degree of surface irregularity.

Note that this value is meant to account for localized ponding that one will see after a rainstorm,

CA
where there are little puddles scattered about.

ZERO IMPERVIOUS (%)


Specify the percentage of the impervious area that has no depression storage, e.g. roofs.

RI
ROUTING
Choice of internal routing of runoff between pervious and impervious areas:
IMPERV: runoff from pervious area flows to impervious area
PERV: runoff from impervious flows to pervious area
OUTLET: runoff from both areas flows directly to outlet

ROUTED
Percent of runoff routed between subareas.

INFILTRATION METHODS
AF
Infiltration properties can be set in the catchment properties. Select any catchment and click on the
H
button Catchment Properties (this command can also be accessed from the right click menu):
T EC
VO

Specify properties for Horton infiltration, see further for details regarding to this type of infiltration:
DE

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Horton Infiltration
This infiltration method is based on empirical observations showing that infiltration decreases
exponentially from an initial maximum rate to some minimum rate over the course of a long rainfall
event. Input parameters required by this method include the maximum and minimum infiltration rates,
a decay coefficient that describes how fast the rate decreases over time, and a time it takes a fully
saturated soil to completely dry.
The key advantages and limitations of the Horton infiltration method include:

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The Horton infiltration method is most likely to be important in urban and agricultural areas
where the infiltration capacity of soils is relatively small due to cultural activities.
Because overland flow rarely occurs in forested soils, the Horton infiltration method is not
applicable to these areas.

Typical infiltration rates:

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Catchment properties in SSA

Catchments can be drawn in SSA or they can be imported from Civil 3D. If the catchments are in the
same drawing as pipe network then the catchments are exported with the network, see chapter:
Storm water network analysis in SSA.
If the catchments are in the separate drawing, then see chapter: Export catchments to SSA.

To modify catchment properties in SSA, double click on the catchment centroid (black rectangle in the

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middle of a catchment) to open window where you can define catchment properties. Available
catchment properties vary according to the settings under Project Options. Rational and Epaswmm
methods for run-off calculations use different catchment properties. Selected infiltration method
(Horton, Green Ampt or SCS Curve) also influence available catchment properties.

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Project Options window:
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Catchment properties for Rational method

The following physical properties must be specified: area, flow length and average slope (10-85 rule or
any other rule). Time of concentration is either calculated automatically according to formula defined
under the Project Options or it can be calculated manually.

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Catchment properties for Epaswmm method

The Epaswmm method requires more physical properties to be specified, see image below. Time of
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concentration is calculated automatically.

Equivalent Width = Area / Flow Length

If flow length is longer than 150 m then:

Equivalent Width = Area / 150 (by the time runoff has travelled circa 150 m it has consolidated into
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rivulets and therefore no longer behaves as overland flow over a uniform plane).
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Infiltration methods (only available when Epaswmm method is selected)

SCS Curve Number Infiltration (default method)


This infiltration method is adapted from the NRCS (SCS) Curve Number method for estimating runoff.
It assumes that the total infiltration capacity of a soil can be found from the soil's tabulated Curve
Number. During a rain event this capacity is depleted as a function of cumulative rainfall and
remaining capacity. The input parameters for this method are the curve number, the soil's hydraulic
conductivity (used to estimate a minimum separation time for distinct rain events), and a time it takes a

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fully saturated soil to completely dry.
The key advantages and limitations of the Curve Number infiltration method include:

hydrologic problem that it was developed to solveevaluating effects of land use changes and
conservation practices on direct runoff.

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iltration method is less accurate when runoff is less than 0.5 inches.

runoff.

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or use in the USA
and abroad.

expected.

or timing.
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same infiltration loss for 1 inch of rainfall in 1 hour or 1 day.
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infiltration method.

Horton Infiltration
This infiltration method is based on empirical observations showing that infiltration decreases
exponentially from an initial maximum rate to some minimum rate over the course of a long rainfall
event. Input parameters required by this method include the maximum and minimum infiltration rates,
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a decay coefficient that describes how fast the rate decreases over time, and a time it takes a fully
saturated soil to completely dry.
The key advantages and limitations of the Horton infiltration method include:
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the infiltration capacity of soils is relatively small due to cultural activities.

filtration method is not applicable


to these areas.

Green-Ampt Infiltration
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This infiltration method assumes that a sharp wetting front exists in the soil column, separating soil
with some initial moisture content below from saturated soil above. The input parameters required are
the initial moisture deficit of the soil, the soil's hydraulic conductivity, and the suction head at the
wetting front.
The key advantages and limitations of the Green-Ampt infiltration method include:

-Ampt infiltration method can be related to soil properties that can be


measured in the laboratory, such as porosity and hydraulic conductivity.

-Ampt infiltration method assumes an overland flow type mechanism which is not entirely
appropriate for forested areas where a subsurface mechanism tends to control direct runoff.

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Export catchments to SSA

To export ONLY catchments to SSA use iDAS command Parcels Export Parcels:

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To import catchments to SSA, use the same procedure like for pipe network, see chapter: Storm
water network analysis in SSA.

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To import catchments to an existing SSA file, use SSA command File Merge.
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To export catchments WITH storm water network to SSA, see chapter Export network and
catchments from Civil 3D to SSA.

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Storm water network analysis in iDAS

iDAS can perform storm water analysis with the Rational and Epaswmm runoff method.

Settings for the Rational method

General

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Go to tab Design Data in the Storm Water Manager and as a Hydrology Method use Rational. For
Routing Model use Dynamic Wave or Kinematic Wave option. Steady flow should only be used for
a preliminary design. Use Epaswmm help file for details regarding to the details.

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Dates
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Specify start and end of the analysis. Duration should be longer then time which is required to empty
the entire network after a rainfall.
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Time Steps

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Four time steps must be specified: runoff time steps for both wet weather and dry weather, a flow
routing time step and a reporting time step. The most common error new users make is to use time
steps that are too long. The runoff wet weather time step should not exceed the precipitation recording
interval. The flow routing time step should never be larger than the wet weather time step, and in most
cases should be 1 to 5 minutes (or less) for Kinematic Wave routing and 30 s (or less) for Dynamic
Wave routing. Dynamic Wave routing can also employ a Variable Time Step option that automatically
lowers the time step during periods when flows change rapidly. High continuity errors typically result
when runoff or routing time steps are too large. If the reporting time step is set too high, important

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details in the output results might be missed. Setting the reporting time step equal to the routing time
step helps prevent this, but can generate very large output files.

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Dynamic W ave

Details about these settings can be found in the Epaswmm help file.
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Settings for the Epaswmm method

The Epaswmm method provides more accurate volume sensitive calculation like detention/retention
pond design, etc.

General

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Go to the tab Design Data in the Storm Water Manager and as a Hydrology Method use
Epaswmm. For Routing Model use Dynamic Wave or Kinematic Wave option. Steady flow should
only be used for preliminary design. Use the Epaswmm help file for information about these properties.

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Dates
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Specify the start and end of the analysis. Duration should be equal or longer than rainfall duration.
Most of the time the 24 h rainfall distribution is used, so the analysis duration should be at least 24
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hours.
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Time Steps

Four time steps must be specified: runoff time steps for both wet weather and dry weather, a flow
routing time step and a reporting time step. The most common error new users make is to use time
steps that are too long. The runoff wet weather time step should not exceed the precipitation recording
interval. The flow routing time step should never be larger than the wet weather time step, and in most
cases should be 1 to 5 minutes (or less) for Kinematic Wave routing and 30 s (or less) for Dynamic
Wave routing. Dynamic Wave routing can also employ a Variable Time Step option that automatically

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lowers the time step during periods when flows change rapidly. High continuity errors typically result
when runoff or routing time steps are too large. If the reporting time step is set too high, important
details in the output results might be missed. Setting the reporting time step equal to the routing time
step helps prevent this, but can generate very large output files.

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Dynamic W ave

Details about these settings can be found in the Epaswmm help file.
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Losses

Minor losses are only computed for the Dynamic Wave flow routing option. They are computed as
Kv2/2g where K = minor loss coefficient, v = velocity, and g = acceleration of gravity. Entrance losses
are based on the velocity at the entrance of the conduit, exit losses on the exit velocity, and average
losses on the average velocity. The K value is influenced by many parameters and engineering
judgment should be used when K value is determined. Only enter data for conduits that actually have
minor losses or flap valves.

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ENTRY LOSS COEFFICIENT
Head loss coefficient associated with energy losses at the entrance of the conduit. For culverts, see
the table in the Epaswmm manual.

EXIT LOSS COEFFICIENT

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Head loss coefficient associated with energy losses at the exit of the conduit. For culverts, use a value
of 1.0. As a basic guide use table below:

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AVERAGE LOSS COEFFICIENT


Head loss coefficient associated with energy losses along the length of the conduit.

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Mannings roughness coefficient

Specify the conduit roughness coefficient in the tab Conduits. This coefficient is the Chezy-Manning
roughness coefficient. The value can be set individually for each pipe or for selected pipes or for all
pipes (right click on the Friction Coeff column heading):

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Typical values for Mannings roughness coefficients:
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Run analysis and analysis results

Once everything is set up click on command Analysis in the Storm Water Manager:

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If the analysis is successful then message next to the Analyse button appears:

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Analysis results can be displayed in the text format in the tab Report:

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Pipes capacity can be checked under Link Flow Summary.

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The software computes the design flow capacity of a pipe for gravity flow conditions at 100% full (i.e.,
full flow conditions). Actual pipe capacity is higher (at about 94%).
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Max/Full Depth should be below 0.8 (pipe should not be more than 80 % full, but various standards
have different requirements).

Max/Full Depth should be below 1. If it is equal 1 it means that there is a pressure in the system
which increases flow in the pipe above maximum pipe flow or the flow depth is close to depth at which
maximum flow occurs, about 0.95 % full.
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Conditions which can happen:


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>CAPACITY
This condition is for example reported when hydrodynamic routing is used and if the inflow is higher
than the pipe capacity. A manhole is filling up with the water and that creates pressure. A pipe can
handle higher flow under the pressure but the flow depth is not constant in the pipe.

Longsection with water surface:

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This behaviour is very similar to culvert behaviour where capacity is driven either by the inlet or outlet
structure:
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Link flow summary example for this scenario:


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SURCHARGED
This condition is, for example, reported when steady flow routing is used and if the inflow is higher
than the pipe capacity. A manhole is filling up with the water and that creates pressure. The Manning
formula that is used for steady flow analysis cannot handle flow under the pressure.

Longsection with water surface:

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Link flow summary example for this scenario: H
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CALCULATED but the results do not make sense


In some cases the software reports that Ratio of Maximum/Design Flow is equal to 1 and Ratio of
Maximum Flow Depth is 0.82, see link flow summary below:
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The longsection will not show any surcharging:


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The software calculates pipe capacity at 1D and this capacity is very close to 0.8D so that is why the
capacity is fully used but the flow depth is close to 0.8.

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GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION OF THE RESULTS


The analysis results and other parameters can also be viewed in the graphical format in the tab View.

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Update profile view and part properties
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To write all the input values and analysis results to pipes and structures properties tick option Update
part data when closing the manager at the bottom left corner in the Storm Water Manager and
click OK. As a default this option is ticked off because it takes longer time to write old the values in
pipe and structures properties:
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Values written to structure properties:

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Values from analysis are automatically displayed in the profile view:
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Storm water network analysis in SSA

DPX users cannot run analysis directly in DPX, they have to export network to SSA. The following
workflow is also applicable to iDAS users as they can use SSA for analysis as well.

Note: Storm and Sanitary Analysis (SSA) software is part of Civil 3D installation. Users should install

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US version, not British version.

Export network and catchments from Civil 3D to SSA

Use command Storm Storm Water Manager:

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If the manholes/inlets inflows are known then they can be written into column Inflow in the tab
Manhole or Inlets, see images below.
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Inflow definition for manholes:
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Inflow definition for inlets:


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When exporting the design to SSA there are a various possible outcomes regarding the export of
catchments.

Firstly, each site can have a different hydrology method (SHM) set to it, and this hydrology method can
be different to the one set in Design Data (DDHM).

Site hydrology method (SHM):

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Design Data hydrology method (DDHM):
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The DDHM is the method that will be used for the entire analysis. If the DDHM is different from the
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SHM then all the catchments in that site will not be exported. If this is the case a warning will be
shown when exporting the design informing you which sites will not be exported:

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Secondly, only catchments that have a checkmark next to them will be included in the analysis or
export:

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Thirdly, when the DDHM is set to EPA SWMM catchments will be exported, but if set to Rational NO
catchments will be exported. This is because EPA SWMM does not support the Rational method, and
the rational properties that are set on the catchments are manipulated in the background by iDAS
(Rational properties are converted to inflows and a time series and assigned to the attached inlet

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structure) to enable the analysis to work. The catchments that will be exported for the EPA SWMM
method are the catchments that are attached to an inlet structure. If a catchment does not have an
inlet structure it will not be exported.