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Logistic Officer Interview Questions and Answers

What are some of the main skills that you possess which make you an excellent contender to work as a logistic
officer?
Firstly, I am an extremely insightful individual. I can effectively coordinate the several aspects of procurement and logistics to
ensure that they meet the individual needs of each department. Being a well-organized person, it is not too difficult for me to
create and implement logistics programs that meet the companys specific requirements.

Why do you think logistics is such an important part of an organization?


Logistics is the basis of success of any organization. It is only if each department and individual is receiving all it requires to
operate optimally that their success is guaranteed. Otherwise, there is a huge chance that deadlines wont be met, and that
work quality will be deteriorated.

As far as vendor relations are concerned, what has been your experience?
A major part of the work of a logistic officer is to create and maintain healthy professional relationships with vendors. I have
been extremely successful in identifying suitable vendors that can effectively meet the requirements of the jobs meted out to
them.

What constraints have you faced as far as logistics work is concerned?


In my present place of work, the entire logistic and procurement system was a complete mess when I joined. Requests were
not being serviced and people were generally not cooperative.

What did you do to overcome the problem?


Since I wanted a foolproof logistic system, I created and implemented one within no time. The system made sure that requests
for procurement were properly verified and fulfilled, all in accordance with the policies of the company. I also implemented
training sessions to ensure that staff members understood what was required of them and then worked towards achieving their
goals.

Do you feel that working as a logistic officer is a taxing job? Why or why not?
I believe that any type of work is taxing if one is not trained in it. Working as a logistic officer is not taxing I consider it
challenging.

Administrative Officer Interview Questions and Answers

What are the main duties of an administrative officer? OR What are most basic functions of an individual working
at this position?
Supervising and coordinating activities of the staff, assisting in interviewing applicants, conducting orientation programs and
maintaining information systems are the key duties of an administrative officer.
In addition, this individual is also responsible for providing assistance and support in project planning and execution of stated
goals and objectives. Overseeing the overall day to day activities of the office to ensure efficient office operations is another
task relevant to this position.

Some companies believe that they can do without the services of an administrative officer. What do you think?
Administrative officers are important individuals in a company. Since they administer and monitor financial systems, prepare
and reconcile general bank statements, act as liaison between departments and establish and maintain vendor accounts, they
are deemed as important members of an organization.

What is the role of an administrative officer as far as organizational policies and procedures are concerned?
It is the job of an administrative officer to review, analyze and recommend organizational policies and procedures for each
departments operations. They participate in the development of both new and revised programs, systems and methods of
operations.

What skills are necessary to work as an administrative officer according to you?


It is important to be well-organized, both physically and in the head. Fiscal management and budget preparation skills are also
important in this role, as is the ability to recognize, analyze and resolve complex problems, which may result in warping office
operations.

As an administrative officer, what do you think you will be expected to do pertaining to financial duties?
Assisting with the preparation of budgets and implementing financial policies and procedures are the main financial duties of an
administrative officer. Reconciling the general ledger and preparing and reconciling bank statements are others.

How do you manage an office so as to ensure operational smoothness?


Constantly making sure that all office procedures such as inventory, stock management, vendor relations and department
liaison is the key to ensuring operational smoothness. If all these are properly coordinated, office operations are in check.

If you ever found yourself in a situation where the company suffered because of a mistake that you made, how
would you react?
In a situation such as this, it is important to take responsibility for your actions. If I ever found myself in such a situation, I
would own up and try to make amends for my mistake by putting in extra effort to undo it.

Senior Administrative Assistant Interview Questions and Answers

What special skills do you possess that make you an excellent contender to work as a senior administrative
assistant?
The fact that I have worked in an administrative role for over 6 years is perhaps what has made me skilled enough to work at
this position. I am an organized individual with a great ability to handle correspondence, plan conferences and meetings,
manage follow-up duties, and ensure that all department functions are properly coordinated.

What is the one thing that you would like to change in your present place of work, where administrative work is
concerned?
At this point in time, I believe that the company inventory systems are not as effective as they should be. And I am presently
working on redoing them so that they can effectively meet set standards.

Have you ever been in a situation where you were stumped about what to do?
There was a time when a man walked into the office and demanded to see an employee in a very threatening manner.
Fortunately, I was standing at the reception and managed to calm him down enough to gauge what the issue was. The situation
got bad and there was a lot of hullabaloo before we found out that he was an irate client who had not received an order. The
situation could have gone really bad if I had not intervened, even though initially, the whole scenario did leave me a bit
unnerved.

While working as a senior administrative assistant, what were your duties?


While working at this position, I have been responsible for everything from scheduling work to coordinating departmental tasks.
Specifically, I have been involved in planning conferences and meetings, handling correspondence, managing and maintaining
filing and record systems, arranging travel schedules and reservations, and ensuring that all systems within the company
conform to specified protocols.

What do you want to be doing in the next 5 years?


Ideally, I would like to be working in a managerial position where I have more scope to show my expertise.

And what are you doing right now to make sure that this transpires?
I am in the learning phase as far managerial work is concerned. Since I am a keen observer, I keep my eyes and ears open and
absorb as much as I can. I go the extra mile in every task so that I can understand how to manage it at a higher level as well.

Logistic Officer

1- ASN or Advance Shipping Notice

It is a notice sent to customer about detailed information of shipment in advance of delivery. It may also include information about time of
shipment & arrival.

2- LTL or Less than Truck load

A contract b/w the shipper and transport owner. According to this instead of entire truck the shipment is priced on the weight of freight and
mileage.

3- How to organize Storage of Bulk Items?


Bulk storage in vertical direction takes less space. Piling container over each other.
Or Storage at angle is helpful in special cases when there is limited space.
4- Advice of Shipment
A notice sent to foreign employer or local trader informing them that shipment has processed and carried information about packaging,
routing etc. a copy of invoice is often sent and if recommended a copy of landing also attached with it.
5- Advising Bank
A bank in sellers country that handle Letter of Credit in behalf of foreign country.

GLOSSARY OF TRANSPORTATION & LOGISTICS TERMS

Charges for supplementary services and privileges provided in connection with


line-haul transportation of goods. These charges are not included in the freight
ACCESSORIAL charge and usually take the form of a flat fee. Some examples: inside delivery, lift
CAHARGES gate and fuel surcharges

Actual value of goods shown on bill of lading by shipper when rate to be applied
ACTUAL VALUATION depends on value

Notice to local or foreign buyer that shipment has occurred, with packing and
routing details. A copy of invoice usually is enclosed, and sometimes a copy of the
ADVICE OF SHIPMENT bill of lading

A bill of lading that covers both domestic and international flights transporting
goods to a specified destination. This is a nonnegotiable instrument of air transport
that serves as a receipt for the shipper, indicating that the carrier has accepted the
goods listed and obligates itself to carry the consignment to the airport of
AIR WAYBILL destination according to specified conditions

ALONGSIDE
Point of delivery beside a vessel; statement designating where the title to goods
passes from one party to another

On arrival of freight at destination, notice is sent promptly to the consignee showing


ARRIVAL NOTICE number of packages, description of articles, route, rate, weight, etc.

ASN Advanced Shipping Notice

AUTHORITY Operating rights granted a motor carrier by the DOT

1) Return transportation movement, usually at less revenue than the original move

2) Movement in the direction of lighter traffic flow when traffic generally is heavier
in the opposite direction

BACKHAUL 3) To move shipment back over part of a route already traveled

A document that establishes the terms of a contract between a shipper and a


transportation company under which freight is to be moved between specified
points for a specified charge. Usually prepared by the shipper on forms issued by
the carrier, it serves as a document of title, a contract of carriage, and a receipt for
BILL OF LADING goods

A warehouse for storage or manufacture of goods on which payment of duties is


deferred until the goods enter the Customs Territory. The goods are not subject to
BONDED WAREHOUSE duties if reshipped to foreign points

BREAKBULK 1) To unload, sort, and reload some/all contents of a vehicle in transit


2) To reduce a large shipment of a single commodity to many small shipments,
which then are dispersed to various buyers

1) Agent who arranges interstate movement of goods by other carriers

2) One who arranges the buying/selling of goods for commission

BROKER 3) Person who leases owned equipment to a carrier

Vessel that carries bulk commodities such as petroleum, grain, or ore, which are not
BULK CARRIER packaged, bundled, bottled, or otherwise packed

C&F (COST AND Ocean transportation term meaning price stated includes cost of goods and
FREIGHT) transportation charges to point of destination. Insurance normally is not included

1) Quantity of freight required to fill a railcar

CARLOAD (C/L OR CL) 2) Specified quantity necessary to qualify a shipment for a carload rate

Individual, partnership or company in the business of transporting goods or


CARRIER passengers for a fee

1) Charges for pickup/delivery of goods

CARTAGE 2) Act of moving goods, usually short distances

CERTIFICATE OF
MANUFACTURE A statement (often notarized) in which a producer of goods certifies that
manufacture has been completed and that the goods are now at the disposal of the
buyer

CERTIFICATE OF A document, required by certain foreign countries for tariff purposes, certifying the
ORIGIN country of origin of specified goods

CIF (COST, A pricing term indicating that the cost of the goods, insurance, and freight are
INSURANCE, FREIGHT) included in the quoted price

1) Demand on transportation company for payment due to loss/damage of freight


during transit

2) Demand on transportation company for refund on overcharge

CLAIM 3) Demand by individual/company to recover for loss under insurance policy

Rate for commodities grouped according to similar shipping characteristics. Applies


to numbered/lettered groups/classes of articles contained in the territorial rating
CLASS RATE column in classification schedules

CLEAN BILL OF A receipt for goods issued by a carrier that indicates that the goods were received in
LADING apparent good order and condition, without damages or other irregularities

COD (COLLECT ON Buyer pays carrier the price of goods before they are delivered; seller assumes risk
DELIVERY) of purchaser refusing to accept goods

Shipment where collection of freight charges/advances is made by delivering carrier


COLLECT SHIPMENT from the consignee/receiver
An itemized list of goods shipped, usually included among an exporters collection
COMMERCIAL INVOICE papers

Any carrier engaged in the interstate transportation of person/property on a regular


schedule at published rates, and whose services are available to the general public
COMMON CARRIER on a for-hire basis

When goods in an apparently undamaged container are damaged. Claims are hard to
CONCEALED DAMAGE settle because neither shipper nor carrier wants responsibility

A letter of credit, issued by a foreign bank, the validity of which has been
confirmed by a domestic bank. An exporter whose payment terms are a confirmed
CONFIRMED LETTER letter of credit is assured of payment by the domestic bank even if the foreign buyer
OF CREDIT or the foreign bank defaults

CONSIGN Send goods to purchaser or agent to sell

CONSIGNEE Person who receives goods shipped from owner

CONSIGNOR Person or company that ships articles to customers

Combining less-than-carload or less-than-truckload shipments to make


CONSOLIDATION carload/truckload movements

CONTAINERIZATION
1) Using box-like device to store, protect and handle a number of packages as a unit
of transit

2) Shipping system based on large cargo-carrying containers that can be


interchanged between trucks, trains, and ships without re-handling contents

Carrier engaged in interstate transportation of persons/property by motor vehicle on


a for-hire basis, but under continuing contract with one or more customers to meet
CONTRACT CARRIER specific needs of each customer

The government service that is responsible for the assessment of import and export
duties and taxes and administration of other laws and regulations that apply to the
importation, transit and exportation of goods

This term is also used when referring to any part of the customs service or
its main or subsidiary offices
This term is also used adjectivally in connection with customs officials,
import or export duties control on goods, or any other matter within the purview
CUSTOMS of customs (customs officer, customs duties, customs office, customs
declaration)

Specialist in customs procedures who acts for importers for a fee. Licensed by
CUSTOMS BROKER Treasury Department

A document that traditionally accompanies exported goods bearing such


information as the nature of the goods, their value, the recipient and their ultimate
CUSTOMS destination. Required for statistical purposes, it accompanies all controlled goods
DECLARATION being exported under the appropriate permit

A formal document used to clear goods through customs in the importing country
by providing pertinent shipment information including but not limited to country of
CUSTOMS INVOICE origin, description and value
CUSTOMS TARIFF Schedule of charges assessed by the government on imports/exports

Demand upon carrier for reimbursement for physical injury to shipment, or because
DAMAGE CLAIM shipment was not delivered within reasonable time

1) Assumed value of shipment unless shipper declares higher value

DECLARED VALUE 2) Stating lower value on a shipment to get a lower rate

While the term Ex Works signifies the sellers minimum obligation, the term
Delivered/Duty Paid, when followed by words naming the buyers premises,
denotes the other extreme the sellers maximum obligation. The term may be used
irrespective of the mode of transport. If the parties wish that the seller should clear
the goods for import but that some of the cost payable upon the import of the goods
should be excluded such as value-added tax (VAT) and/or other similar taxes.
This should be made clear by adding words to this effect (e.g., exclusive of VAT
DELIVERED/DUTY PAID and/or taxes)

Also called Delivery Orders, these documents provide specific information to a


carrier regarding delivery to a specific port, pier, terminal, airport, or steamship
line. They show the shipping carrier, delivery deadlines, name and address of
DELIVERY consignee, and the contract name and telephone number of the shipper in case of
INSTRUCTIONS delivery problems

Document a consignee or its agent dates and signs at delivery, stating the condition
of the goods at delivery. The driver takes the signed delivery receipt to the terminal
DELIVERY RECEIPT for retention. The customer retains the remaining copy
Dimensional weight is a calculation of the shipments weight based on its
volumetric standard instead of its actual weight. Dimensional weight is calculated
by multiplying the length by width by height of each package in inches or
centimeters and dividing by a dimensional weight divisor. The dimensional weight
DIMENSIONAL WEIGHT divisor varies by service offering and unit of measure (inches or centimeters)

A receipt issued by an ocean carrier to acknowledge receipt of a shipment at the


DOCK RECEIPT carriers dock or warehouse facilities

Articles manufactured or produced in the United States with the use of imported
components or raw materials and later exported are entitled to a refund of up to 99
percent of the duty charged on the imported components. The refund of duty is
DRAWBACK known as a drawback

DRAYAGE Transporting freight by truck, primarily in local cartage

A tax imposed on imports by the customs authority of a country. Duties are


generally based on the value of the goods (ad valorem duties), some other factor
such as weight or quantity (specific duties), or a combination of value and other
DUTY factors (compound duties)

The electronic transmission of routine business documents, such as purchase orders,


ELECTRONIC DATA invoices and bills of lading, between computers in a standard format. The data
INTERCHANGE (EDI) formats, or transaction sets, are usually sent between mainframe computers

EX Prefix meaning out of or from, used with noun of location. Means all
transportation charges and risks of loss/damage are chargeable to buyer when goods
are delivered at ex location

An exception is any delivery in which the receiver or driver notes a problem on the
delivery receipt before signing it. Typically, exceptions concern shortage and/or
EXCEPTIONS damage

A shipper pays a premium rate for the sole use of a trailer. The trailer will be sealed
at loading, and the seal number is recorded on the manifest. The seal number is
verified before the trailer is unloaded at destination. When a shipper requests an
EXCLUSIVE USE exclusive-use trailer, no other freight may be added to the unit even if space permits

A formal statement declaring full details about goods being exported made to the
EXPORT DECLARATION collector of Customs at a port of exit

When importer has arranged with bank for letter-of-credit financing of purchases,
EXPORT LETTER OF he applies for issuance of individual letters of credit to cover purchase contracts as
CREDIT made

A government document that permits the licensee to export designated goods to


EXPORT LICENSE certain destinations

FAS (FREE ALONGSIDE A pricing term indicating that the quoted price includes the cost of delivering the
SHIP) goods alongside a designated vessel

FEDERAL REGISTER Government publication that prints rules/regulations of federal agencies daily
FIFO (FIRST IN, FIRST
OUT) Warehouse term meaning first items stored are the first used

At named port of export. A pricing term indicating that the quoted price covers all
FOB (FREE ON BOARD) expenses up to and including delivery of goods by or for the buyer

FOB DESTINATION Freight cost paid to destination point, title transfers at destination

FOB FACTORY Title to goods and transportation responsibility transfers from seller to factory

Title and risk pass to the buyer at the moment the seller delivers the goods to the
carrier. The parties may agree to have title and risk pass at a different time or to
FOB ORIGIN allocate shipping charges by a written agreement

Title/transportation costs transfer after goods are delivered on vessel. All export
FOB VESSEL1 taxes/costs involved in overseas shipments are assessed to buyer

FOOD AND DRUG U.S. agency responsible for protecting the public health by assuring the safety,
ADMINISTRATION efficacy, and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, the
(FDA) U.S.s food supply, medical devices, cosmetics, and products that emit radiation

The title of a standard clause in contracts exempting the parties for non-fulfillment
of their obligations as a result of conditions beyond their control, such as
FORCE MAJEURE earthquakes, floods, or war
Goods subject to duty may be brought into such zones duty-free for
FOREIGN TRADE transshipment/storage/minor manipulation/sorting. Duty must be paid when/if
ZONES goods are brought from zone into any part of U.S

Firm specializing in shipping goods abroad. Payments made for insurance and other
FORWARDING AGENT expenses are charged to foreign buyer

Shipping document confirming shipment delivery and indicate payment terms


(prepaid or collect). The document describes the shipment, its weight, the amount of
charges and taxes and whether the bill is collect or prepaid. If the bill is prepaid, the
shipper pays the shipping charges. If the bill is collect, the consignee pays the
FREIGHT BILL shipping charges

An independent business that handles shipments for compensation (a freight


forwarder is among the best sources of information and assistance on regulations,
FREIGHT FORWARDER documentation and shipping methods)

GROSS WEIGHT The full weight of a shipment, including goods and packaging

HARMONIZED SYSTEM A universally accepted classification system for trade goods, used to classify
CODE (HS CODE) products and their corresponding tariff

Hazardous materials are defined by the U.S. Department of Transportation in


accordance with the Federal Hazardous Material Law. A substance or material may
be designated as hazardous if the transportation of the material in a particular
amount and form poses an unreasonable risk to health and safety or property.
HAZARDOUS Hazardous material may include: an explosive, radioactive material, etiologic agent,
MATERIAL flammable or combustible liquid or solid, poison, oxidizing or corrosive material,
and compressed gas. For more general information, go to the U.S. DOT website
at http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat

A document required and issued by some national governments authorizing the


IMPORT LICENSE importation of goods into their individual countries

IMPORTER OF RECORD The owner or purchaser of the goods; or, when designated by the owner, purchaser,
(IOR) or consignee, a licensed customs broker

Storage of goods in custody of government/bonded warehouse or carrier from


whom goods can be taken only upon payment of taxes/duties to appropriate
IN BOND government agency

A bill of lading used in transporting goods overland to the exporters international


carrier. Although a through bill of lading can sometimes be used, it is usually
INLAND BILL OF necessary to prepare both an inland bill of lading and an ocean bill of lading for
LADING export shipments

INTERLINE FREIGHT Freight moving from origin to destination over two or more transportation lines

INTERMODAL
TRANSPORTATION Using more than one mode to deliver shipments

INTERSTATE
COMMERCE Exchanging goods between buyers and sellers in two or more states

INTRASTATE
COMMERCE When all business between buyers/sellers is carried on within one state
IRREVOCABLE LETTER A letter of credit in which the specified payment is guaranteed by the bank if all
OF CREDIT terms and conditions are met by the drawee

Intermodal system of getting international cargo across intervening continent from


LANDBRIDGE one seacoast to another by special through trains

Total expense of receiving goods at place of retail sale, including retail purchase
LANDED COST price and transportation charges

LAST IN, FIRST OUT Accounting method of valuing inventory that assumes latest goods purchased are
(LIFO) first goods used during accounting period

LCL (LESS-THAN-
CARLOAD, LESS-THAN- Loads weighing less than amount necessary to apply carload rate charged by
CONTAINER LOAD) railroads, or container load charged by ocean carrier

Party or company with legal possession/control of vehicle (with/without driver), or


LESSEE other equipment owned by another under terms of lease agreement

Party or company granting legal use of vehicle (with/without driver), or other


LESSOR equipment to another party under terms of lease agreement

Method of paying for goods where buyer establishes credit with local bank, clearly
LETTER OF CREDIT describing goods to be purchased. Upon receipt of documentation, bank either is
(L/C) paid by buyer or takes title to goods and transfers funds to seller
A business arrangement in which the manufacturer of a product (or a firm with
proprietary rights over certain technology, trademarks, etc.) grants permission to
some other group or individual to manufacture that product (or make use of that
LICENSING proprietary material) in return for specified royalties or other payment

Movement of freight between cities, usually more than 1,000 miles, not including
LINEHAUL pickup and delivery service

LONG TON Equivalent to 2,240 pounds or 20 long hundredweights. Also called gross ton

LONGSHOREMAN Person employed on wharves of port to load/unload vessels

LOSS AND DAMAGE


(L&D) CLAIM Usually applied when loss/damage is discovered when package is delivered

LTL (LESS-THAN- Goods weighing less than 10,000 pounds from several shippers loaded onto one
TRUCKLOAD) trailer

Insurance that compensates the owners of goods transported overseas in the event
MARINE INSURANCE of loss that cannot be legally recovered from the carrier. Also covers air shipments

Letters, numbers, and other symbols placed on cargo packages to facilitate


MARKING (OR MARKS) identification

MINIMUM CHARGE
The lowest charge for which a shipment will be handled after discount and/or
adjustment

A document provided for goods that qualify for reduced or duty-free entry as a
NAFTA CERTIFICATE product of one of the three participating member nations: Mexico, United States and
OF ORIGIN Canada

NATIONAL MOTOR
Industry standard tariff published by motor carriers containing rules, descriptions
FREIGHT and rating on all products moving in commerce; used to classify goods for the
CLASSIFICATION purpose of rating the freight bill. You can obtain more information about shipment
(NMFC) classes and the NMFC at www.nmfta.org

1) Weight of article without packing and container

NET WEIGHT 2) Weight of entire contents of vehicle

NON-VESSEL
OPERATING COMMON Cargo consolidator of small shipments in ocean trade, generally soliciting business
CARRIER (NVOCC) and arranging for/performing containerization functions at the port

NORTH AMERICAN
FREE TRADE A trade agreement between Canada, the U.S. and Mexico that encourages free trade
AGREEMENT (NAFTA) between these countries

A bill of lading (B/L) indicating that the exporter consigns a shipment to an


international carrier for transportation to a specified foreign market. Unlike an
OCEAN BILL OF inland B/L, the ocean B/L also serves as a collection document. If it is a straight
LADING B/L, the foreign buyer can obtain the shipment from the carrier by simply showing
proof of identity. If a negotiable B/L is used, the buyer must first pay for the
goods, post a bond, or meet other conditions agreeable to the seller

ON BOARD BILL OF A bill of lading in which a carrier certifies that goods have been placed on board a
LADING certain vessel

OPERATING Routes, points, and types of traffic that may be served by carrier. Authority is
AUTHORITY granted by state or federal regulatory agencies

Comparison of carriers operating expenses with gross receipts, income divided by


OPERATING RATIO expenses

OS&D (OVER, SHORT Report is issued at warehouse when goods are damaged. Used to file claim with
AND DAMAGED) carrier

Freight in excess over quantity believed to have been shipped or more than quantity
OVERAGE shown on shipping document

The payor of the shipping charges files an overcharge claim to dispute a


discrepancy in charges that can stem from overpayment, weight or description
OVERCHARGE CLAIMS corrections, etc.

When owner of goods remains responsible during shipping, relieving carrier of part
OWNERS RISK of risk

OWNER-OPERATORS Drivers who own or operate their own trucks. May lease rig/driver to another carrier
A list showing the number and kinds of items being shipped, as well as other
PACKING LIST information needed for transportation purposes

System for shipping goods on lightweight, double-decked wooden platform called


PALLETIZATION pallets. Permits shipment of multiple units as one large unit

PER DIEM Latin term by the day. Daily charge for use of equipment or daily fees

Commodities subject to rapid deterioration or decay, which require special


PERISHABLE FREIGHT protective services such as refrigeration or heating

Authority granted to contract carriers and forwarders to operate in interstate


PERMIT commerce

POINT OF ORIGIN Station at which shipment is received from shipper by transportation line

An invoice provided by a supplier prior to the shipment of merchandise, informing


the buyer of the kinds and quantities of goods to be sent, their value, and important
PRO FORMA INVOICE specifications (weight, size, etc.)

Any progressive or serial number applied for identification to freight bills, bills of
PRO NUMBER lading, etc.

PROOF OF DELIVERY Copy of waybill signed by consignee at time of delivery as receipt


PUBLIC WAREHOUSE Storage place renting space to anyone desiring it

PURCHASE ORDER Form buyer uses when placing order for merchandise

The quantity of goods of a specific kind that a country permits to be imported


QUOTA without restriction or imposition of additional duties

RATE Established shipping charge for movement of goods

REEFER Slang term for refrigerated trailer that hauls perishables

Return of a shipment or order from recipient back to shipper. Reasons can include
order inaccuracy, customer dissatisfaction, diagnostics and repair, damage, or return
REVERSE LOGISTICS of goods into inventory. Also called Returns Management

REVOCABLE LETTER A letter of credit that can be canceled or altered by the drawee (buyer) after it has
OF CREDIT been issued by the drawees bank

1) Process of determining how shipment will move between origin and destination.
Routing information includes designation of carrier(s) involved, actual route of
carrier, and estimated time enroute
2) Right of shipper to determine carriers, routes and points for transfer on TL and
ROUTING CL shipments
In marine insurance, loss sustained by necessary sale of goods at port prior to
expected destination because of perils of the sea. Treated as total loss with
SALVAGE LOSS amount realized from sale of goods credited on amount payable under policy

Device applied to freight car/motor vehicle door fastening. Shows that door
fastening where its applied has not been tampered with between time of application
SEAL and time of breaking seal

Slang term for semitrailer. Also used loosely in referring to tractor-trailer


SEMI combination

An instrument in writing, signed by the captain of a ship that lists the individual
SHIPS MANIFEST shipments constituting the ships cargo

1) Lot of freight tendered to carrier by consignee at one place at one time for
delivery to one consignee at one place on one bill of lading

2) Goods/merchandise in one or more containers, pieces, or parcels for


SHIPMENT transportation from one shipper to single destination

A form required for all shipments by the U.S. Treasury Department and prepared by
SHIPPERS EXPORT a shipper, indicating the value, weight, destination, and other basic information
DECLARATION (SED) about an export shipment

SHIPPERS LETTER OF A document required by the carrier or freight forwarders as a prerequisite to obtain
INSTRUCTIONS FOR (besides the data needed) authority to issue and sign the waybill in the shippers
ISSUING AIR WAYBILL name
SL&C Shippers load and count

STEAMSHIP A group of steamship operators that operate under mutually agreed-upon freight
CONFERENCE rates

STRAIGHT BILL OF A nonnegotiable bill of lading in which the goods are consigned directly to a named
LADING consignee

STRIPPING Emptying truck of cargo, and arranging shipments by destination

STUFFING Slang term for loading cargo container

Amount of gross weight on freight shipment that can be deducted for packaging
TARE weight

1) Weight of container and material used for packing

TARE WEIGHT 2) In transportation terms, weight of car/truck, exclusive of contents

A Tariff is a document setting forth applicable rules, rates and charges to move
goods. A tariff sets forth a contract for the shipper, the consignee and the carrier.
Since January 1, 1996, motor carriers are not required to publish tariffs. However,
TARIFF in accordance with federal law, tariffs must be provided to a shipper on request

TERMS OF SALE
The point at which sellers have fulfilled their obligations so the goods are said to
have been delivered to the buyer. They are shorthand expressions that set out the
rights and obligations of each party when transporting the goods

A party other than the shipper or consignee that is ultimately responsible for paying
THIRD-PARTY the shipment charges

A single bill of lading converting both the domestic and international carriage of an
export shipment. An air waybill, for instance, is essentially a through bill of lading
used for air shipments. Ocean shipments, on the other hand, usually require two
separate documents an inland bill of lading for domestic carriage and an ocean
THROUGH BILL OF bill of lading for international carriage. Through bills of lading are insufficient for
LADING ocean shipments

Document that confers on holders right of ownership/possession/transfer of


TITLE merchandise specified, e.g., bills of lading and warehouse receipts

Large-volume shipment from a single customer that weighs more than 10,000
TRUCKLOAD (TL) pounds or takes up all the trailer space so no other shipment can be loaded

Until import duty (if required) is paid, federal government retains control of goods.
Imports awaiting collection of duty must be stored at importers expense in custody
U.S. CUSTOMS of warehouse willing/able to furnish bond that commodities will not be released
BONDED WAREHOUSE until necessary duties are paid

UCC Uniform Commercial Code

VALUE ADDED TAX Assessed on the value added to goods and services. The value added tax is imposed
(VAT) throughout the European Community and European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
countries and many other trading nations, but not the U.S.

Place for receiving/storing goods and merchandise for-hire. Warehouseman is


WAREHOUSE bound to use ordinary diligence in preserving goods

WAREHOUSE RECEIPT A receipt issued by a warehouse listing goods received for storage

Permanent station equipped with scales at which motor vehicles transporting


property on public highways are required to stop for checking of gross vehicle
and/or axle weights. Many states also use portable scales to comply with their
WEIGH STATION weight limits

In shipping, weight is qualified further as gross (weight of goods and container), net
(weight of goods themselves without any container), and legal (similar to net,
WEIGHT determined in such manner as law of particular country/jurisdiction may direct)

Usually issued by an official weigher on the dock, this certificate records the weight
(as well as measurements) being entered on the back of the second and third copies
WEIGHT CERTIFICATE of the dock receipt by clerk on the dock