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VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE DEPARTMENT OF GENERAL ENGINEERING

GE 6251 BASIC CIVIL AND MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

I YEAR / II SEM (EEE & EIE)

UNIT -I SURVEYING AND CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

PART-A

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Classify the types of cement.

List the objectives of surveying.

Classify the types of bricks.

Define levelling.

Point out the importance of quality bricks.

Discuss the role of surveying briefly.

Differentiate WCB from RB.

Differentiate surveying and levelling.

Summarize the raw materials required to manufacture cement.

Define surveying. Point out the uses of cement

Give the classification of steel.

Define mortar.

Estimate the importance of RCC.

Define bench mark.

Classify the types of steel sections.

Contrast quarrying and dressing of stones.

Define concrete.

Explain the instruments used for chain survey briefly.

When is levelling used?

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PART-B

1. Summaries the principles of surveying.

2. (i)

(16)

Deduce the back bearings for the following fore bearing

AB: 80˚ 30’, BC: 150 ˚ 15’, CD: 270˚ 20’and DE: 325˚ 30’.

Deduce WCB for the following quadrant bearings

(i)PA: N 15 ˚E (ii) PB: S 25 ˚ 45’ E (iii) PC: S 45 ˚ 30’ W (iv) PD: N 10 ˚ W (10)

(6)

(ii)

3. Explain the classification, qualities and constitution of a brick.

4. Discuss the properties and uses of cement concrete.

5. The area enclosed between the survey line, irregular boundary line, first and

last offsets by trapezoidal rule. The following perpendicular offsets were

taken at 10m intervals from Integrate a survey line to an irregular boundary

(16)

(16)

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line: 0.00, 3.20, 5.40, 6.00, 4.21, 3.88, 6.20, and 0.00.

6. Describe the different types of cement. Explain their properties and uses. (16)

7. Tabulate the ingredients of cement along with their properties. (16)

(16)

9. Explain with neat sketch a dumpy level and indicate its parts.

(16)

(16)

(10)

8. Describe the tests conducted on building bricks

10. Classify the various types of surveying and explain any two.

(i)

Explain with neat sketch the 'rise and fall method' of levelling.

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11. What is cement concrete and what are the test carried out in the cement

(ii)

concrete?

12. Describe the different types of concrete?

13. Explain the principle of levelling.

(i)

Differentiate between surveying and levelling.

14. What are the qualities of stone?

(ii)

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UNIT II

BUILDING COMPONENTS AND STRUCTURES

PART-A

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Define safe bearing capacity of soil. Explain the types of bridges briefly. Name the types of dams. Define stress and strain. Give any two objectives of foundation. Discuss about beams in a building. Define rubble masonry. Tell poison’s ratio. Classify different types of foundation used for buildings. Define plastering. Classify the types of flooring. Give the functions of a dam. Explain the function of columns briefly. Explain plastering. Classify the types of masonry. Define modulus of rigidity. Explain grillage foundation briefly. Contrast Stretcher and Header in masonry. Explain brick masonry briefly. Define flooring.

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PART-B

1. What are the types of foundation? Write down the requirements of good

foundation.

2. Describe with neat sketches (a) Shallow foundation (b) Pile foundation.

3. Compare the different types of pile foundation.

4. Describe with neat sketches any two types of bridges.

5. Distinguish between English bond and Flemish bond.

6. Describe the different stages in plastering.

7. Differentiate storage dam and diversion dam.

8. Discuss the different type of bonds in masonry.

9. Explain the different types of beams.

10. Explain the plastering method.

11. List the requirement of good foundation.

(i)

(ii)

Explain the major components of column forms.

12. What are all the factors influencing the selection of dams? Explain with neat diagram any one type of dam.

13. Compare brick masonry with stone masonry.

(i)

(ii)

Define stress and strain.

14. Classify the brick masonry and stone masonry.

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UNIT III

POWER PLANT ENGINEERING

PART-A

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Name the types of power plants. Define the working principle of Nuclear power plant. Explain the use of surge tank in hydropower plants. Identify the practical application of positive displacement pumps. When draft tube is in atmosphere list out the difficulties of turbine. List the types of dams. Discuss any two materials that can be used as moderator in a Nuclear reactor. Give the classification of power plants. Describe the term gravity dam. Describe the working principle of steam turbine power plant. Illustrate the functions of air pre heater and condenser? Show the layout of a centrifugal pump and Reciprocating pump. Relate the technical difference between air preheater and economizer.

Point out the technical application of inter cooler in between low pressure compressor and high pressure compressor.

Classify the types of Nuclear power plant along with practical application. Analyse the component pressurizer. Compare nuclear fission and nuclear fusion. Recommend the pump which can be used in hills station and state the technical reason. Prepare the layout of water cooling system. Develop the structural layout of Diesel power plant.

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PART-B

1. Describe the working principle and advantages of thermal power plant.

2. List the applications and merits and demerits of Diesel power plant.

3. Tabulate

the

technical

reciprocating pump.

difference

between

centrifugal

pump

and

4. Discuss the working principle of Steam Power Plant with neat sketch along with practical application and merits and demerits.

5. Differentiate the working principle of single acting and double acting reciprocating pump with sketch.

6. Illustrate the layout diesel power plant and explain the working principle and merits and demerits.

7. Demonstrate the layout of nuclear power plant and explain the nuclear fission and nuclear fusion and its merits and demerits.

8. Explain the working principle of hydroelectric power plant with neat sketch and state the merits and demerits.

9. Explain the working principle of gas turbine power plant with neat sketch and state the merits and demerits.

10. Prepare the layout of centrifugal pump and state the working principle and mention the application with merits and demerits.

11. Explain the working principle of Open and closed cycle gas turbine power plant with neat sketch and state the merits and demerits.

12. What are the advantages of

nuclear

application of diesel power plants.

power plant? Write down the

13. Differentiate between the Impulse and Reaction turbine.

(i)

(ii)

Mention the advantages and disadvantages of Kaplan and Francis turbine.

14. Explain the working principle of Kaplan and Francis turbine with neat sketch.

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UNIT IV

IC ENGINES

PART-A

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Define stroke. List out the main components of an I.C. engine. Define Otto cycle. Define the term: Compression Ratio. Give the limitations of single jet carburetor. What do you understand by Scavenging Classify the I.C engine. Classify Boilers.

Comparison of boiler mounting and boiler accessories.

Explain the function of spark plug and fuel plug. Compare water cooling and air cooling system. Design the layout of water cooling system. Design the p-v diagram for Otto and diesel cycle. Define Engine torque. Define spark plug. Differentiate two stroke and four stroke engines. Distinguish between I.C Engine and E.C. Engine. How to calculate engine thermal efficiency? Differentiate fire tube boiler and water tube boiler. Compare petrol and diesel engine.

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PART-B

1. Define the terms: Bore, Stroke, TDC, BDC, Clearance volume, Swept volume and Compression ratio, air fuel ratio, thermal efficiency of an internal combustion engine.

2. Describe the principal, parts and functions of a Four Stroke Diesel engine With Neat Sketch.

3. Describe the principal, parts and functions of a Four Stroke Petrol engine with neat sketch.

4. Describe the principal, parts and functions of a Two Stroke Diesel engine with neat sketch.

5. Describe the principal, parts and functions of a Two Stroke Petrol engine with neat sketch.

6. Differentiate engines two stroke from four stroke engines. State the merits and Demerits of two stroke cycle engine.

7. Briefly explain the various parts of internal combustion engine.

8. Make a comparison of a petrol engine and diesel engine based on their Operational features. How will you classify internal combustion engines? State at least three types of classifications.

9. State the various differences between fire tube boiler and water tube boiler.

10. Draw a neat sketch of a simple locomotive boiler and explain its working in detail.

11. Briefly explain the various parts of Cochran boiler.

12. Differentiate between air cooling and water cooling systems ?

(i)

(ii)

Briefly explain the various types of boiler.

13. Write the advantages and disadvantages of water tube and fire tube boilers

based on usages.

Draw a neat sketch of a high pressure La-Mont boiler and Explain its

description.

neat

sketch.

14. Describe the principal, parts and functions of a BENSON boiler with

(i)

(ii)

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UNIT V

REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEMS

PART-A

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Define the term Air conditioning. Define the term refrigeration. Define Ton of Refrigeration. Examine the COP of the refrigeration system. What do you understand by refrigerating effect? Describe year–round air conditioning system. Write the classification of refrigerants with examples. Show the basic components of VCR system. Classify the refrigeration system.

Write the difference between Vapour compression and Vapour absorption refrigeration system.

Classify the types of Air conditioner. Compare refrigeration and air conditioning. How do you evaluate the capacity of a room air conditioner? Conclude the effect of humidity on refrigeration. Design the layout of a domestic refrigerator. Define psychometric. Differentiate fire tube boilers from water tube boilers. Define humidity. Classify any four refrigerants using in domestic refrigerator. Distinguish between DBT and WBT.

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PART-B

1. List the comfort requirements of conditioned air in an air conditioned Room. Explain what are (1) Dry bulb, Wet bulb and Dew point temperatures (2) Humidity and Relative humidity (3) Dry and moist air. Distinguish between DBT and WBT.

(16)

2. Describe with neat sketch of vapour absorption refrigeration system.

(16)

3. Describe with neat sketch of vapour compression refrigeration system. List out the components and their functions.

(16)

4. Distinguish between 'CFC Refrigerant', 'HFC Refrigerant', and 'HCFC Refrigerant'. Mention also one common refrigerant under each category. (16)

5. Compare the vapour absorption refrigeration system and vapour compression refrigeration system. Give either reason or brief exSplanation for each point of comparison.

6. How is the air conditioning system classified?

7. Illustrate with neat sketch the working principle of a window type room air conditioner.

8. Explain with neat sketch the working principle of a split type room air conditioner.

9. Compare the window and split type air conditioner and its advantages and disadvantages.

10. Draw the layout of an air conditioner and explain the principle of operation.

11. State the principle of refrigeration. Write down the properties of ideal refrigerants.

12. Explain with neat sketch of Domestic refrigerator.

13. Explain the following terminologies 1.Refrigeration effect 2. Ton of Refrigeration 3. Coefficient of performance 4.Specific Heat.

(i)

(ii)

Briefly explain the commonly used Refrigerants.

14.

(i)

(ii)

Distinguish between Refrigeration and Air conditioning. What are all the basic requirements of comfort Air conditioning ?

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