Sie sind auf Seite 1von 27
ANNEX 3 EPA Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Wastes SEPA ftren Office of Solid Waste SW-846 On-Line Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste Physical/Chemical Methods Table of Contents Chapters 0010 - 0100 1000 Series 3000 Series 4000 Seri SW-846 contains over 200 documents, including the Table of Contents, Disclaimer, Preface, Chapters One through Thirteen, and many different methods for the sampling and analysis of wastes. All of the documents found in the Third Edition of SW-846, as updated by Updates |, Il, IIA, IIB, I and IIIA, are located at this site, Just click on the appropriate document type at the top of this page, which will in turn take you to a complete listing of the applicable documents and links to each of those documents. For example, in order to locate Method 1311, the TCLP, click on the phrase "1000 Series," which will take you to a listing of the SW-846 methods in the 1000 series. The SW-846 documents found at this site are complete copies of the published versions and thus include all figures and tables. The files are retrievable in the Portable Document Format (PDF) and it is. recommended that you use the latest version of Adobe Acrobat Reader (or Writer) to view or download the files in order to avoid error codes. The amount of time it takes to view the file will depend on the size of the file.- You may download the latest version of Adobe Acrobat Reader for free if you do not have Adobe Acrobat on your computer. Given that the PDF files originate from conversions from a word processing format, the document page breaks or other format features may not always appear exactly as in the published version of SW-846. Please contact the MICE Service for answers to any questions regarding the content of the documents. ‘Step-by-Step Guidance for Viewing/Downloading PDF Files 1. Download and install Adobe Acrobat Reader from Adobe at www.adobe.com. It is FREE. 2. Set the preferences of your web browser to use the Acrobat Reader application (usually c:\Acrobat3\Reader\AcroRd32.exe) to view files with hitn-/Avww ena eavienanewer/harwasteltest/maina him nua 1904 a pdf extension (*.pdf). 3. Open the document of choice by clicking on the underlined portion of the title, The selected document will appear on the screen. 4. To download the document to your own computer, click on and save the file separately to your hard drive using the "Save as . . ." feature of your file menu, ‘TABLE OF CONTENTS AND CHAPTERS. Table of Contents [PDF Format 27 KB] Disclaimer [PDF Format 23 KB] Abstract [PDF Format 132 KB] Method Index and Conversion Table [PDF Format 99 KB) Preface [PDF Format 33 KB] Acknowledgements {PDF Format 47 KB] Apper ‘Company References [PDF Format 51 KB] Back to top Quality Control [PDF Format 272 KB] Choosing | the Correct Procedure [PDF Format 342 KB] [PDF Format 61 KB] Chapter Four = Organic Analytes [PDF Format 101 KB] Chapter Five -- Miscellaneous Test Methods [PDF Format 19 KB] Chapter Six — Properties (POF Format 25 KB] Chapter Seven -- Characteristics Introduction and Regulatory Definitions [PDF Format 109 KB] Chapter Eight -- Methods for Determining Characteristics [PDF Format 30 KB] Chapter Nine -- Sampling Plan [PDF Format 762 KB] Chapter Ten — Sampling Methods [PDF Format 26 KB] Chapter Eleven -- Ground Water Mor Chapter Twelve -- Land Treatment Moni Chapter Thirteen -- Incineration [PDF Format 228 KB] Back to top lome | OSW Home | RCRA Hotline | Search EPA | Comments | ‘opics Managed by: OSW Web Site Manager - Webmaster. OSW @epamail.epa.gov URL:htipvAvww.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/tesvmain.htm Last Updated: August 1, 2000 htin-//www ena cavienanewerlharwacieltestimaina him 9010719001 CHAPTER FOUR ORGANIC ANALYTES Prior to employing the methods in this chapter, analysts are advised to consult the disclaimer statement at the front of this manual and the information in Chapter Two for guidance on the allowed flexibility in the choice of apparatus, reagents, and supplies. In addition, unless specified in a regulation, the use of SW-846 methods is ‘not mandatory in response to Federal testing requirements. The information contained in this chapter is provided by EPA as guidance to be used by the analyst and the regulated community in making judgements necessary to meet the data quality objectives or needs for the intended use of the data. 4.1 SAMPLING CONSIDERATIONS. 4.1.1 Introduction Following the initial and critical step of designing a sampling plan (Chapter Nine) is the implementation of that plan such that a representative sample of the solid waste is collected. Once the sample has been collected it must be stored and preserved to maintain the chemical and physical properties that it possessed at the time of collection. The sample type, type of containers and their preparation, possible forms of contamination, and preservation methods are all items wl must be thoroughly examined in order to maintain the integrity of the samples. This section highlights considerations which must be addressed in order fo maintain a sample's integrity and representativeness. This section is, however, applicable only to trace analyses. Quality Control (QC) requirements need not be met for all compounds presented in the Table of Analytes for the method in use, rather, they must be met for all compounds reported. A report of ‘non-detect is considered a quantitative report, and must meet all applicable QC requirements for that ‘compound and the method used. 4.1.2 Sample Handling and Preservation This section deals separately with volatile and semivolatile organics. Refer to Chapter Two and Table 4-1 of this section for sample containers, sample preservation, and sample holding time information. Volatile Organics Standard 40 mL glass screw-cap VOA vials with Teflon lined silicone septa may be used for liquid matrices. Special 40 mL VOA vials for purge-and-trap of solid samples are described in Method 5035. VOA vials for headspace analysis of solid samples are described in Method 5021. ‘Standard 125 mL widemouth glass containers may be used for Methods 5031 and 5032. However, the sampling procedures described in Method 5035 may minimize sample preparation analyte loss better than the procedures described in Methods 5031 and 5032. The vials and septa should be washed with soap and water and rinsed with distilled deionized water. After thoroughly cleaning the vials and septa, they should be placed in an oven and dried at 100°C for approximately one hour. NOTE: Do not heat the septa for extended periods of time (.¢., more than one hour, because the silicone begins to slowly degrade at 105°C). ‘When collecting the samples, liquids and solids should be introduced into the vials gently to reduce agitation which might drive off volatile compounds. CD-ROM FOUR-1 Revision 3 December 1996 In general, liquid samples should be poured into the vial without introducing any air bubbles within the vial as it is being filled. Should bubbling occur as a result of violent pouring, the sample must be poured out and the vial refilled. The vials should be completely filled at the time of ‘sampling, so that when the septum cap is fitted and sealed, and the vial inverted, no headspace is visible. The sample should be hermetically sealed in the vial at the time of sampling, and must not be opened prior to analysis to preserve their integrity. Due to differing solubility and diffusion properties of gases in LIQUID matrices at different temperatures, it is possible for the sample to generate some headspace 200 mg/L); 3) oxidizing agents {oxides of nitrogen) remaining following sample digestion. CD-ROM THREE -7 Revision 3 December 1996 Gold-Vapor AA uses a chemical reduction to reduce mercury selectively. The procedure is extremely sensitive but is subject to interferences from some volatile organics, chlorine, and sulfur compounds. Prior to employing the above methods in this chapter, analysts are advised to consult the disclaimer statement at the front of this manual and the information in Chapter Two for guidance on the allowed flexibity in the choice of apparatus, reagents, and supplies. In addition, unless specified in a regulation, the use of SW-846 methods is not mandatory in response to Federal testing requirements. The information contained in each procedure is provided by EPA as guidance to be used by the analyst and the regulated community in making judgements necessary to meet the data quality objectives or needs for the intended use of the data. CD-ROM THREE - 8 Revision 3 December 1996