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108 Bhagavad-gétä Çlokas

Bg 1.1

Bg 2.7

dhåtaräñöra uväca dharma-kñetre kuru-kñetre

kärpaëya-doñopahata-svabhävaù

being overcome by miserly weakness

påcchämi tväà dharma-sammüòha-cetäù

In that holy place, in Kurukñetra

I ask you, having my mind confused about my duty

samavetä yuyutsavaù

yac chreyaù syän niçcitaà brühi tan me

being assembled eager to fight

mämakäù päëòaväç caiva

my sons and the sons of Päëòu

what would be best, for sure, tell me that

çiñyas te 'haà çädhi mäà tväà prapannam

I am your disciple, instruct me, who am surrendered to You

kim akurvata Saïjaya

kärpaëya—of miserliness; doña—by the weakness; upahata—being afflicted; sva-bhävaù—characteristics; påcchämi—I am asking; tväm—unto You; dharma— religion; sammüòha—bewildered; cetäù—in heart; yat— what; çreyaù—all-good; syät—may be; niçcitam— confidently; brühi—tell; tat—that; me—unto me; çiñyaù— disciple; te—Your; aham—I am; çädhi—just instruct; mäm—me; tväm—unto You; prapannam—surrendered.

Now I am confused about my duty and have lost all composure because of miserly weakness. In this condition I am asking You to tell me for certain what is best for me. Now I am Your disciple, and a soul surrendered unto You. Please instruct me.

what did they do, o Saïjäya

dhåtaräñöraù uväca—King Dhåtaräñöra said; dharma- kñetre—in the place of pilgrimage; kuru-kñetre—in the place named Kurukñetra; samavetäù—assembled; yuyutsavaù—desiring to fight; mämakäù—my party (sons); päëòaväù—the sons of Päëòu; ca—and; eva—certainly; kim—what; akurvata—did they do; saïjaya—O Saïjaya.

Dhåtaräñöra said: O Saïjaya, after my sons and the sons of Päëòu assembled in the place of pilgrimage at Kurukñetra, desiring to fight, what did they do?

Bg 2.12

Bg 2.13

na tv evähaà jätu näsaà

dehino 'smin yathä dehe

never was there a time when I did not exist

as for the embodied soul in this body

na tvaà neme janädhipäù

kaumäraà yauvanaà jarä

nor you, nor these kings

there is childhood, youth and old age

na caiva na bhaviñyämaù

tathä dehäntara-präptir

and certainly we shall not cease to exist

similarly, there is acquisition of another body.

sarve vayam ataù param

dhéras tatra na muhyati

all of us, hereafter

by this a wise man is not bewildered

na—never; tu—but; eva—certainly; aham—I; jätu—at any time; na—did not; äsam—exist; na—not; tvam—you; na— not; ime—all these; jana-adhipäù—kings; na—never; ca— also; eva—certainly; na—not; bhaviñyämaù—shall exist; sarve vayam—all of us; ataù param—hereafter.

dehinaù—of the embodied; asmin—in this; yathä—as; dehe—in the body; kaumäram—boyhood; yauvanam— youth; jarä—old age; tathä—similarly; deha-antara—of transference of the body; präptiù—achievement; dhéraù— the sober; tatra—thereupon; na—never; muhyati—is deluded.

Never was there a time when I did not exist, nor you, nor all these kings; nor in the future shall any of us cease to be.

As the embodied soul continuously passes, in this body, from boyhood to youth to old age, the soul similarly passes into another body at death. A sober person is not bewildered by such a change.

Bg 2.14

mäträ-sparçäs tu kaunteya

but the contact of the senses, o Kaunteya,

çétoñëa-sukha-duùkha-däù

which gives cold and heat, happiness and distress,

ägamäpäyino 'nityäs

which are coming and going, impermanent,

täàs titikñasva bhärata

you must tolerate them, o scion of Bhärata.

bhärata you must tolerate them, o scion of Bhärata. mäträ-sparçäù—sensory perception; tu—only;

mäträ-sparçäù—sensory perception; tu—only; kaunteya—O son of Kunté; çéta—winter; uñëa—summer; sukha— happiness; duùkha—and pain; däù—giving; ägama— appearing; apäyinaù—disappearing; anityäù— nonpermanent; tän—all of them; titikñasva—just try to tolerate; bhärata—O scion of Bhärata

O son of Kunté, the nonpermanent appearance of happiness and distress, and their disappearance in due course, are like the appearance and disappearance of winter and summer seasons. They arise from sense perception, O scion of Bharata, and one must learn to tolerate them without being disturbed.

Bg 2.20

na jäyate mriyate vä kadäcin

it is not born nor does it die at any time

näyaà bhütvä bhavitä vä na bhüyaù

it has not come nor will again come into existence

ajo nityaù çäçvato 'yaà puräëo

unborn, eternal, ever-existing, primeval

na hanyate hanyamäne çarére

it is not killed when the body is killed

na—never; jäyate—takes birth; mriyate—dies; vä—either; kadäcit—at any time (past, present or future); na—never; ayam—this; bhütvä—having come into being; bhavitä—will come to be; vä—or; na—not; bhüyaù—or is again coming to be; ajaù—unborn; nityaù—eternal; çäçvataù—permanent; ayam—this; puräëaù—the oldest; na—never; hanyate—is killed; hanyamäne—being killed; çarére—the body.

For the soul there is neither birth nor death at any time. He has not come into being, does not come into being, and will not come into being. He is unborn, eternal, ever-existing and primeval. He is not slain when the body is slain.

Bg 2.16

näsato vidyate bhävo näbhävo vidyate sataù ubhayor api dåñöo 'ntas

there is no existence of the unreal

näbhävo vidyate sataù ubhayor api dåñöo 'ntas there is no existence of the unreal nor non-existence

nor non-existence of the real

näbhävo vidyate sataù ubhayor api dåñöo 'ntas there is no existence of the unreal nor non-existence

the conclusion about both (sat and asat) is realized

tv anayos tattva-darçibhiù

indeed by the seers of the truth.

na—never; asataù—of the nonexistent; vidyate—there is; bhävaù—endurance; na—never; abhävaù—changing quality; vidyate—there is; sataù—of the eternal; ubhayoù— of the two; api—verily; dåñöaù—observed; antaù— conclusion; tu—indeed; anayoù—of them; tattva—of the truth; darçibhiù—by the seers.

Those who are seers of the truth have concluded that of the nonexistent [the material body] there is no endurance and of the eternal [the soul] there is no change. This they have concluded by studying the nature of both.

Bg 2.22

väsäàsi jérëäni yathä vihäya

as, after discarding old garments,

naväni gåhëäti naro 'paräëi

a person accepts new ones

tathä çaréräëi vihäya jérëäny

similarly, after giving up old bodies

anyäni saàyäti naväni dehé

the embodied soul gets new ones.

väsäàsi—garments; jérëäni—old and worn out; yathä—just as; vihäya—giving up; naväni—new garments; gåhëäti—does accept; naraù—a man; aparäëi—others; tathä—in the same way; çaréräëi— bodies; vihäya—giving up; jirëäni—old and useless; anyäni—different; saàyäti—verily accepts; naväni— new sets; dehé—the embodied.

As a person puts on new garments, giving up old ones, the soul similarly accepts new material bodies, giving up the old and useless ones.

Bg 2.27

Bg 2.40

jätasya hi dhruvo måtyur

nehäbhikrama-näço 'sti

for one who is born, death is certain

dhruvaà janma måtasya ca tasmäd aparihärye 'rthe

and birth is certain for one who is dead

on this path there is no loss of endeavor;

pratyaväyo na vidyate sv-alpam apy asya dharmasya

nor there is diminution.

therefore, when something is unavoidable

even a little bit of this religious duty

na tvaà çocitum arhasi

träyate mahato bhayät

you should not lament.

protects from great fear.

jätasya—of one who has taken his birth; hi—certainly; dhruvaù—a fact; måtyuù—death; dhruvam—it is also a fact; janma—birth; måtasya—of the dead; ca—also; tasmät— therefore; aparihärye—of that which is unavoidable; arthe—in the matter; na—do not; tvam—you; çocitum—to lament; arhasi—deserve.

na—there is not; iha—in this yoga; abhikrama—in endeavoring; näçaù—loss; asti—there is; pratyaväyaù— diminution; na—never; vidyate—there is; su—alpam—a little; api—although; asya—of this; dharmasya—occupation; träyate—releases; mahataù—from very great; bhayät— danger.

One who has taken his birth is sure to die, and after death one is sure to take birth again. Therefore, in the unavoidable discharge of your duty, you should not lament.

In this endeavor there is no loss or diminution, and a little advancement on this path can protect one from the most dangerous type of fear.

Bg 2.44

Bg 2.45

bhogaiçvarya-prasaktänäà

trai-guëya-viñayä vedä nistrai-guëyo bhavärjuna

become free from these three modes, o Arjuna.

the Vedas deal with the three modes of nature.

of those who are attached to enjoyment and power

tayäpahåta-cetasäm

whose minds are stolen by that

nirdvandvo nitya-sattva-stho

(become) free from duality, established in goodness,

vyavasäyätmikä buddhiù

a resolute intelligence

samädhau na vidhéyate

niryoga-kñema ätmavän

in the mind does not take place

with no anxiety for gain and safety, situated in the self.

bhoga—to material enjoyment; aiçvarya—and opulence; prasaktänäm—for those who are attached; tayä—by such things; apahåta-cetasäm—bewildered in mind; vyavasäya- ätmikä—fixed in determination; buddhiù—devotional service to the Lord; samädhau—in the controlled mind; na—never; vidhéyate—does take place.

trai-guëya—pertaining to the 3 modes of nature; viñayäù— on the subject matter; vedäù—Vedic literatures; nistrai- guëyaù—transcendental to the 3 modes; bhava—be; arjuna—O Arjuna; nirdvandvaù—without duality; nitya- sattva-sthaù—in a pure state of spiritual existence; niryoga- kñemaù—free from ideas of gain and protection; ätma- vän—established in the self.

In the minds of those who are too attached to sense enjoyment and material opulence, and who are bewildered by such things, the resolute determination for devotional service to the Supreme Lord does not take place.

The Vedas deal mainly with the subject of the three modes of material nature. O Arjuna, become transcendental to these three modes. Be free from all dualities and from all anxieties for gain and safety, and be established in the self.

Bg 2.46

Bg 2.47

yävän artha udapäne

karmaëy evädhikäras te

as much as the purposes of a well

simply to perform your duty – that right you have

sarvataù samplutodake

mä phaleñu kadäcana

are in all respects (served) in a great lake

(you are) not (entitled) to the fruits at any time

tävän sarveñu vedeñu

mä karma-phala-hetur bhür

to that extent, (the purpose) in all Vedas

you should not be motivated by the result of work

brähmaëasya vijänataù

mä te saìgo 'stv akarmaëi

is (served) to one who knows the Supreme Brahman

nor should you be attached to inactivity

yävän—all that; arthaù—is meant; uda—päne—in a well of water; sarvataù—in all respects; sampluta-udake—in a great reservoir of water; tävän—similarly; sarveñu—in all; vedeñu—Vedic literatures; brähmaëasya—of the man who knows the Supreme Brahman; vijänataù—who is in complete knowledge.

karmaëi—in prescribed duties; eva—certainly; adhikäraù— right; te—of you; mä—never; phaleñu—in the fruits; kadäcana—at any time; mä—never; karma-phala—in the result of the work; hetuù—cause; bhüù—become; mä— never; te—of you; saìgaù—attachment; astu—there should be; akarmaëi—in not doing prescribed duties.

All purposes served by a small well can at once be served by a great reservoir of water. Similarly, all the purposes of the Vedas can be served to one who knows the purpose behind them.

You have a right to perform your prescribed duty, but you are not entitled to the fruits of action. Never consider yourself the cause of the results of your activities, and never be attached to not doing your duty.

Bg 2.59

Bg 2.62

viñayä vinivartante

dhyäyato viñayän puàsaù

the sense objects stop to act

while contemplating sense objects, a man’s

nirähärasya dehinaù rasa-varjaà raso 'py asya

for a restricted embodied soul

saìgas teñüpajäyate saìgät saïjäyate kämaù

from attachment develops desire

attachment for them arises

(however), the taste still remains. But even his taste,

paraà dåñövä nivartate

kämät krodho 'bhijäyate

from desire anger becomes manifest

after experiencing a higher (taste), ceases.

viñayäù—objects for sense enjoyment; vinivartante—are practiced to be refrained from; nirähärasya—by negative restrictions; dehinaù—for the embodied; rasa-varjam— giving up the taste; rasaù—sense of enjoyment; api— although there is; asya—his; param—far superior things; dåñövä—by experiencing; nivartate—he ceases from.

dhyäyataù—while contemplating; viñayän—sense objects; puàsaù—of a person; saìgaù—attachment; teñu—in the sense objects; upajäyate—develops; saìgät—from attachment; saïjäyate—develops; kämaù—desire; kämät— from desire; krodhaù—anger; abhijäyate—becomes manifest.

The embodied soul may be restricted from sense enjoyment, though the taste for sense objects remains. But, ceasing such engagements by experiencing a higher taste, he is fixed in consciousness.

While contemplating the objects of the senses, a person develops attachment for them, and from such attachment lust develops, and from lust anger arises.

Bg 2.63

krodhäd bhavati sammohaù

from anger comes delusion

sammohät småti-vibhramaù

from delusion confusion of memory

småti-bhraàçäd buddhi-näço

from loss of memory the loss of intelligence

buddhi-näçät praëaçyati

after the loss of intelligence one is lost

krodhät—from anger; bhavati—takes place; sammohaù— perfect illusion; sammohät—from illusion; småti—of memory; vibhramaù—bewilderment; småti-bhraàçät—after bewilderment of memory; buddhi-näçaù—loss of intelligence; buddhi-näçät—and from loss of intelligence; praëaçyati—one falls down.

From anger, complete delusion arises, and from delusion bewilderment of memory. When memory is bewildered, intelligence is lost, and when intelligence is lost one falls down again into the material pool.

Bg 3.5

na hi kaçcit kñaëam api

nobody, not even for a moment

jätu tiñöhaty akarma-kåt

can at any time remain inactive

käryate hy avaçaù karma

is helplessly forced to act

sarvaù prakåti-jair guëaiù

everyone, by the qualities arising from one’s own nature

na—nor; hi—certainly; kaçcit—anyone; kñaëam—a moment; api—also; jätu—at any time; tiñöhati—remains; akarma—kåt—without doing something; käryate—is forced to do; hi—certainly; avaçaù—helplessly; karma—work; sarvaù—all; prakåti—jaiù—born of the modes of material nature; guëaiù—by the qualities.

Everyone is forced to act helplessly according to the qualities he has acquired from the modes of material nature; therefore no one can refrain from doing something, not even for a moment.

Bg 2.70

äpüryamäëam acala-pratiñöhaà

which is being filled up but remains steady

samudram äpaù praviçanti yadvat

as the ocean, where rivers enter

tadvat kämä yaà praviçanti sarve

so, he whom all desires enter in the same way

sa çäntim äpnoti na käma-kämé

he achieves peace, not he who desires enjoyment

he achieves peace, not he who desires enjoyment äpüryamäëam—always being filled; acala-pratiñöham—

äpüryamäëam—always being filled; acala-pratiñöham— steadily situated; samudram—the ocean; äpaù—waters; praviçanti—enter; yadvat—as; tadvat—so; kämäù—desires; yam—unto whom; praviçanti—enter; sarve—all; saù—that person; çäntim—peace; äpnoti—achieves; na—not; käma— kämé—one who desires to fulfill desires.

A person who is not disturbed by the incessant flow of desires—that enter like rivers into the ocean, which is ever being filled but is always still—can alone achieve peace, and not the man who strives to satisfy such desires.

Bg 3.9

yajïärthät karmaëo 'nyatra

except for work done for the sake of Yajïa (Viñëu)

loko 'yaà karma-bandhanaù

people of this world are bound by work

tad-arthaà karma kaunteya

(therefore) activity for Him, o Arjuna

mukta-saìgaù samäcara

free from attachment, you must perform

yajïa-arthät—done only for the sake of Yajïa, or Viñëu; karmaëaù—than work; anyatra—otherwise; lokaù—world; ayam—this; karma-bandhanaù—bondage by work; tat—of Him; artham—for the sake; karma—work; kaunteya—O son of Kunté; mukta-saìgaù—liberated from association; samäcara—do perfectly.

Work done as a sacrifice for Viñëu has to be performed, otherwise work causes bondage in this material world. Therefore, O son of Kunté, perform your prescribed duties for His satisfaction, and in that way you will always remain free from bondage.

Bg 3.13

Bg 3.21

yajïa-çiñöäçinaù santo

yad yad äcarati çreñöhas tat tad evetaro janaù

whatever a leader does

those who eat remnants of yajïa, the devotees

mucyante sarva-kilbiñaiù

they are freed from all sins

that same thing common people do

bhuïjate te tv aghaà päpä

sa yat pramäëaà kurute lokas tad anuvartate

the standards which he sets

but the sinners eat sin

ye pacanty ätma-käraëät

those who cook for their own sake

all the world follows that

yajïa-çiñöa—of food taken after performance of yajïa; açinaù—eaters; santaù—the devotees; mucyante—get relief; sarva—all kinds of; kilbiñaiù—from sins; bhuïjate—enjoy; te—they; tu—but; agham—grievous sins; päpäù—sinners; ye—who; pacanti—prepare food; ätma-käraëät—for sense enjoyment.

yat yat—whatever; äcarati—he does; çreñöhaù—a respectable leader; tat—that; tat—and that alone; eva— certainly; itaraù—common; janaù—person; saù—he; yat— whichever; pramäëam—example; kurute—does perform; lokaù—all the world; tat—that; anuvartate—follows in the footsteps.

The devotees of the Lord are released from all kinds of sins because they eat food which is offered first for sacrifice. Others, who prepare food for personal sense enjoyment, verily eat only sin.

Whatever action a great man performs, common men follow. And whatever standards he sets by exemplary acts, all the world pursues.

Bg 3.27

Bg 3.37

prakåteù kriyamäëäni

käma eña krodha eña

(4)of nature /(2) are being performed

this is lust, and then anger

guëaiù karmäëi sarvaçaù

rajo-guëa-samudbhavaù

(3)by the modes /(1) activities / (5)in all respects

whose origin is the mode of passion

ahaìkära-vimüòhätmä

mahäçano mahä-päpmä

one who is bewildered by false ego

voracious, very sinful

kartäham iti manyate

viddhy enam iha vairiëam

“I am the doer” – thus he thinks

know it to be an enemy in this world

prakåteù—of material nature; kriyamäëäni—being done; guëaiù—by the modes; karmäëi—activities; sarvaçaù—all kinds of; ahaìkära-vimüòha—bewildered by false ego; ätmä—the spirit soul; kartä—doer; aham—I; iti—thus; manyate—he thinks.

kämaù—lust; eñaù—this; krodhaù—wrath; eñaù—this; rajaù-guëa—the mode of passion; samudbhavaù—born of; mahä-açanaù—all—devouring; mahä—päpmä—greatly sinful; viddhi—know; enam—this; iha—in the material world; vairiëam—greatest enemy.

The spirit soul bewildered by the influence of false ego thinks himself the doer of activities that are in actuality carried out by the three modes of material nature.

It is lust only, Arjuna, which is born of contact with the material mode of passion and later transformed into wrath, and which is the all- devouring sinful enemy of this world.

Bg 3.38

 

Bg 3.39

dhümenävriyate vahnir

ävåtaà jïänam etena

as the fire is covered by smoke

(1)the knowledge / (3) is covered by that

yathädarço malena ca

jïänino nitya-vairiëä

and a mirror by dust

(2)of the knower (the soul)/ (4) eternal enemy

yatholbenävåto garbhas

käma-rüpeëa kaunteya

as an embryo is covered by the womb

in the form of lust, o Kaunteya

tathä tenedam ävåtam

duñpüreëänalena ca

so is this (knowledge) covered by that (lust)

(like) an insatiable fire, indeed

dhümena—by smoke; ävriyate—is covered; vahniù—fire; yathä—just as; ädarçaù—mirror; malena—by dust; ca—also; yathä—just as; ulbena—by the womb; ävåtaù—is covered; garbhaù—embryo; tathä—so; tena—by that lust; idam— this; ävåtam—is covered.

ävåtam—covered; jïänam—pure consciousness; etena—by this; jïäninaù—of the knower; nitya-vairiëä—by the eternal enemy; käma-rüpeëa—in the form of lust; kaunteya—O son

of

Kunté; duñpüreëa—never to be satisfied; analena—by the

fire; ca—also.

As fire is covered by smoke, as a mirror is covered by dust, or as the embryo is covered by the womb, the living entity is similarly covered by different degrees of this lust.

Thus the wise living entity's pure consciousness becomes covered by his eternal enemy in the form of lust, which is never satisfied and which burns like fire.

Bg 3.40

 

Bg 3.41

indriyäëi mano buddhir

tasmät tvam indriyäëy ädau

the senses, the mind and the intelligence

(1)therefore, you / (4)the senses / (5)in the beginning

niyamya bharatarñabha

asyädhiñöhänam ucyate

are said to be its (lust’s) sitting place

etair vimohayaty eña

(2)through these /(3) it bewilders

(3)restraining /(2) o best of the Bharatas

päpmänaà prajahi hy enaà

jïänam ävåtya dehinam

(1)covering the knowledge / (4)the embodied soul

this evil you must certainly kill

jïäna-vijïäna-näçanam

 

the destroyer of knowledge and realization

indriyäëi—the senses; manaù—the mind; buddhiù—the intelligence; asya—of this lust; adhiñöhänam—sitting place; ucyate—is called; etaiù—by all these; vimohayati— bewilders; eñaù—this lust; jïänam—knowledge; ävåtya— covering; dehinam—of the embodied.

tasmät—therefore; tvam—you; indriyäëi—senses; ädau—in the beginning; niyamya—by regulating; bharata—åñabha—

O

chief amongst the descendants of Bharata; päpmänam—

the great symbol of sin; prajahi—curb; hi—certainly; enam—this; jïäna—of knowledge; vijïäna—and scientific knowledge of the pure soul; näçanam—the destroyer.

The senses, the mind and the intelligence are the sitting places of this lust. Through them lust covers the real knowledge of the living entity and bewilders him.

Therefore, O Arjuna, best of the Bhäratas, in the very beginning curb this great symbol of sin [lust] by regulating the senses, and slay this destroyer of knowledge and self-realization.

Bg 3.42

Bg 3.43

indriyäëi paräëy ähur

evaà buddheù paraà buddhvä

the senses are said to be superior (to objects)

thus, knowing that which is superior to intelligence

saàstabhyätmänam ätmanä

indriyebhyaù paraà manaù

superior to the senses is the mind

manasas tu parä buddhir

but superior to the mind is the intelligence

and after steadying the mind by intelligence

jahi çatruà mahä-bäho

 

slay the enemy, o mighty-armed one

yo buddheù paratas tu saù

but who is superior to the intelligence is he (the soul)

käma-rüpaà duräsadam

which is in the form of lust and very difficult to conquer

indriyäëi—senses; paräëi—superior; ähuù—are said; indriyebhyaù—more than the senses; param—superior; manaù—the mind; manasaù—more than the mind; tu—also; parä—superior; buddhiù—intelligence; yaù—who; buddheù—more than the intelligence; parataù—superior; tu—but; saù—he.

evam—thus; buddheù—to intelligence; param—superior; buddhvä—knowing; saàstabhya—by steadying; ätmänam— the mind; ätmanä—by deliberate intelligence; jahi— conquer; çatrum—the enemy; mahä-bäho—O mighty— armed one; käma-rüpam—in the form of lust; duräsadam— formidable.

The working senses are superior to dull matter; mind is higher than the senses; intelligence is still higher than the mind; and he [the soul] is even higher than the intelligence.

Thus knowing oneself to be transcendental to the material senses, mind and intelligence, O mighty- armed Arjuna, one should steady the mind by deliberate spiritual intelligence [Kåñëa consciousness] and thus – by spiritual strength – conquer this insatiable enemy known as lust.

Bg 4.2

Bg 4.7

evaà paramparä-präptam

yadä yadä hi dharmasya glänir bhavati bhärata

whenever and wherever of dharma

thus received by disciplic succession

imaà räjarñayo viduù

the saintly kings know it

there is a decline, o Bhärata

sa käleneha mahatä

abhyutthänam adharmasya tadätmänaà såjämy aham

and a rise of adharma

by a great period of time in this world

yogo nañöaù parantapa

this yoga system is lost, o chastiser of the enemy

at that time I manifest Myself

evam—thus; paramparä—by disciplic succession; präptam— received; imam—this science; räja-åñayaù—the saintly kings; viduù—understood; saù—that knowledge; kälena—in the course of time; iha—in this world; mahatä—great; yogaù—the science of one's relationship with the Supreme; nañöaù—scattered; parantapa—O Arjuna, subduer of the enemies.

yadä yadä—whenever and wherever; hi—certainly; dharmasya—of religion; gläniù—discrepancies; bhavati— become manifested; bhärata—O descendant of Bharata; abhyutthänam—predominance; adharmasya—of irreligion; tadä—at that time; ätmänam—self; såjämi—manifest; aham—I.

This supreme science was thus received through the chain of disciplic succession, and the saintly kings understood it in that way. But in course of time the succession was broken, and therefore the science as it is appears to be lost.

Whenever and wherever there is a decline in religious practice, O descendant of Bharata, and a predominant rise of irreligion—at that time I descend Myself.

Bg 4.8

Bg 4.9

pariträëäya sädhünäà

janma karma ca me divyam

for the protection of the devotees

My transcendental birth and activities

vinäçäya ca duñkåtäm dharma-saàsthäpanärthäya sambhavämi yuge yuge

for the reestablishment of dharma

and for the destruction of the miscreants

evaà yo vetti tattvataù

one who thus knows truly

tyaktvä dehaà punar janma

after leaving the body, another birth

naiti mäm eti so 'rjuna

I manifest in every millennium

does not undergo, he comes to Me, o Arjuna

pariträëäya—for the deliverance; sädhünäm—of the devotees; vinäçäya—for the annihilation; ca—and; duñkåtäm—of the miscreants; dharma—principles of religion; saàsthäpana—arthäya—to reestablish; sambhavämi—I do appear; yuge—millennium; yuge—after millennium.

janma—birth; karma—work; ca—also; me—of Mine; divyam—transcendental; evam—like this; yaù—anyone who; vetti—knows; tattvataù—in reality; tyaktvä—leaving aside; deham—this body; punaù—again; janma—birth; na— never; eti—does attain; mäm—unto Me; eti—does attain; saù—he; arjuna—O Arjuna.

To deliver the pious and to annihilate the miscreants, as well as to reestablish the principles of religion, I Myself appear, millennium after millennium.

One who knows the transcendental nature of My appearance and activities does not, upon leaving the body, take his birth again in this material world, but attains My eternal abode, O Arjuna.

Bg 4.11

Bg 4.13

ye yathä mäà prapadyante täàs tathaiva bhajämy aham

I reward them accordingly

as all surrender unto Me

cätur-varëyaà mayä såñöaà

the four divisions of human society are created by Me

guëa-karma-vibhägaçaù

mama vartmänuvartante

they follow My path

according to the divisions of guëa and karma

tasya kartäram api mäà

manuñyäù pärtha sarvaçaù

all men, o Pärtha, in all respects

although I am the creator of it

viddhy akartäram avyayam

 

know Me as the unchangeable non-doer

ye—all who; yathä—as; mäm—unto Me; prapadyante— surrender; tän—them; tathä—so; eva—certainly; bhajämi— reward; aham—I; mama—My; vartma—path;

cätuù-varëyam—the four divisions of human society; mayä—by Me; såñöam—created; guëa—of quality; karma— and work; vibhägaçaù—in terms of division; tasya—of that;

anuvartante—follow; manuñyäù—all men; pärtha—O son of Påthä; sarvaçaù—in all respects.

As all surrender unto Me, I reward them accordingly. Everyone follows My path in all respects, O son of Påthä.

kartäram—the father; api—although; mäm—Me; viddhi— you may know; akartäram—as the nondoer; avyayam— unchangeable.

According to the three modes of material nature and the work associated with them, the four divisions of human society are created by Me. And although I am the creator of this system, you should know that I am yet the nondoer, being unchangeable.

Bg 4.14

Bg 4.18

na mäà karmäëi limpanti na me karma-phale spåhä

activities do not affect Me

karmaëy akarma yaù paçyed

one who can see inactivity in activity

akarmaëi ca karma yaù

nor do I aspire for the fruit of action

and who (can see) activity in inactivity

iti mäà yo 'bhijänäti karmabhir na sa badhyate

one who understands Me thus

sa buddhimän manuñyeñu

he is intelligent among men

sa yuktaù kåtsna-karma-kåt

he (also) is not bound by karma

he is a yogé, (though) he does all work

na—never; mäm—Me; karmäëi—all kinds of work; limpanti—do affect; na—nor; me—My; karma-phale—in fruitive action; spåhä—aspiration; iti—thus; mäm—Me; yaù—one who; abhijänäti—does know; karmabhiù—by the reaction of such work; na—never; saù—he; badhyate— becomes entangled.

karmaëi—in action; akarma—inaction; yaù—one who; paçyet—observes; akarmaëi—in inaction; ca—also; karma—fruitive action; yaù—one who; saù—he; buddhi- män—is intelligent; manuñyeñu—in human society; saù—he; yuktaù—is in the transcendental position; kåtsna-karma- kåt—although engaged in all activities.

There is no work that affects Me; nor do I aspire for the fruits of action. One who understands this truth about Me also does not become entangled in the fruitive reactions of work.

One who sees inaction in action, and action in inaction, is intelligent among men, and he is in the transcendental position, although engaged in all sorts of activities.

Bg 4.19

Bg 4.34

yasya sarve samärambhäù käma-saìkalpa-varjitäù

are free from desire for sense gratification

he whose all endeavors

tad viddhi praëipätena

you must understand that(knowledge) by submission

paripraçnena sevayä

jïänägni-dagdha-karmäëaà

whose actions are burned by the fire of knowledge

by inquiry and by service

upadekñyanti te jïänaà

they will teach you that knowledge

tam ähuù paëòitaà budhäù

jïäninas tattva-darçinaù

the sages call him a paëòita (learned man)

the wise who are seers of the thuth

yasya—one whose; sarve—all sorts of; samärambhäù— attempts; käma—based on desire for sense gratification; saìkalpa—determination; varjitäù—are devoid of; jïäna— of perfect knowledge; agni—by the fire; dagdha—burned; karmäëam—whose work; tam—him; ähuù—declare; paëòitam—learned; budhäù—those who know.

tat—that knowledge of different sacrifices; viddhi—try to understand; praëipätena—by approaching a spiritual master; paripraçnena—by submissive inquiries; sevayä—by the rendering of service; upadekñyanti—they will initiate; te—you; jïänam—into knowledge; jïäninaù—the self- realized; tattva—of the truth; darçinaù—seers.

One is understood to be in full knowledge whose every endeavor is devoid of desire for sense gratification. He is said by sages to be a worker for whom the reactions of work have been burned up by the fire of perfect knowledge.

Just try to learn the truth by approaching a spiritual master. Inquire from him submissively and render service unto him. The self-realized souls can impart knowledge unto you because they have seen the truth.

Bg 4.37

Bg 4.38

yathaidhäàsi samiddho 'gnir

na hi jïänena sadåçaà

as a blazing fire / firewood

in comparison to knowledge

bhasma-sät kurute 'rjuna

pavitram iha vidyate

burns to ashes, o Arjuna

there is nothing as pure in this world

jïänägniù sarva-karmäëi

tat svayaà yoga-saàsiddhaù

the fire of knowledge / all karma

that itself, one who is perfected in yoga

bhasma-sät kurute tathä

kälenätmani vindati

burns to ashes in the same way

in due course of time attains within himself

yathä—just as; edhäàsi—firewood; samiddhaù—blazing; agniù—fire; bhasma-sät—ashes; kurute—turns; arjuna—O Arjuna; jïäna—agniù—the fire of knowledge; sarva- karmäëi—all reactions to material activities; bhasma-sät— to ashes; kurute—it turns; tathä—similarly.

na—nothing; hi—certainly; jïänena—with knowledge; sadåçam—in comparison; pavitram—sanctified; iha—in this world; vidyate—exists; tat—that; svayam—himself; yoga— in devotion; saàsiddhaù—he who is mature; kälena—in course of time; ätmani—in himself; vindati—enjoys.

As a blazing fire turns firewood to ashes, O Arjuna, so does the fire of knowledge burn to ashes all reactions to material activities.

In this world, there is nothing so sublime and pure as transcendental knowledge. Such knowledge is the mature fruit of all mysticism. And one who has become accomplished in the practice of devotional service enjoys this knowledge within himself in due course of time.

Bg. 5.11

Bg 5.18

käyena manasä buddhyä

vidyä-vinaya-sampanne

with the body, mind and intelligence

in one endowed with learning and gentleness

kevalair indriyair api

brähmaëe gavi hastini

and also with purified senses

in a brahmaëa, in a cow, in an elephant,

yoginaù karma kurvanti

çuni caiva çva-päke ca

the yogés perform activities

in a dog and also in a dog-eater (outcaste)

saìgaà tyaktvätma-çuddhaye

paëòitäù sama-darçinaù

giving up attachment, for the purification of the mind

learned men who posses equal vision

käyena—with the body; manasä—with the mind; buddhyä— with the intelligence; kevalaiù—purified; indriyaiù—with the senses; api—even; yoginaù—Kåñëa conscious persons; karma—actions; kurvanti—they perform; saìgam— attachment; tyaktvä—giving up; ätma—of the self; çuddhaye—for the purpose of purification.

vidyä—with education; vinaya—and gentleness; sampanne—fully equipped; brähmaëe—in the brähmaëa; gavi—in the cow; hastini—in the elephant; çuni—in the dog; ca—and; eva—certainly; çva—päke—in the dog—eater (the outcaste); ca—respectively; paëòitäù—those who are wise; sama-darçinaù—who see with equal vision.

The yogés, abandoning attachment, act with body, mind, intelligence, and even with the senses, only for the purpose of purification.

The humble sages, by virtue of true knowledge, see with equal vision a learned and gentle brähmaëa, a cow, an elephant, a dog and a dog- eater [outcaste].

Bg 5.22

Bg 5.29

ye hi saàsparça-jä bhogä

bhoktäraà yajïa-tapasäà

certainly those pleasures born of sense perception

the enjoyer of all sacrifices and austerities

duùkha-yonaya eva te

sarva-loka-maheçvaram

they are simply sources of misery

the Supreme Lord of all worlds

ädy-antavantaù kaunteya

suhådaà sarva-bhütänäà

they have beginning and end, o Kaunteya

the well-wishing friend of all living entities

na teñu ramate budhaù

jïätvä mäà çäntim åcchati

a wise man does not delight in them

after knowing Me thus one achieves peace

ye—those; hi—certainly; saàsparça-jäù—by contact with the material senses; bhogäù—enjoyments; duùkha— distress; yonayaù—sources of; eva—certainly; te—they are; ädi—beginning; anta—end; vantaù—subject to; kaunteya— O son of Kunté; na—never; teñu—in those; ramate—takes delight; budhaù—the intelligent person.

bhoktäram—the beneficiary; yajïa—of sacrifices; tapasäm—and penances and austerities; sarva-loka—of all planets and the demigods thereof; mahä-éçvaram—the Supreme Lord; su-hådam—the benefactor; sarva—of all; bhütänäm—the living entities; jïätvä—thus knowing; mäm—Me (Lord Kåñëa); çäntim—relief from material pangs; åcchati—one achieves.

An intelligent person does not take part in the sources of misery, which are due to contact with the material senses. O son of Kunté, such pleasures have a beginning and an end, and so the wise man does not delight in them.

A person in full consciousness of Me, knowing Me to be the ultimate beneficiary of all sacrifices and austerities, the Supreme Lord of all planets and demigods, and the benefactor and well- wisher of all living entities, attains peace from the pangs of material miseries.

Bg 6.7

Bg 6.17

jitätmanaù praçäntasya

yuktähära-vihärasya

for one who conquered the mind, who is pacified

for one whose eating and recreation are regulated

paramätmä samähitaù

yukta-ceñöasya karmasu

the Supersoul becomes situated in his heart (or) he has his soul completely situated in samädhi

çétoñëa-sukha-duùkheñu

whose engagement in work is regulated

yukta-svapnävabodhasya

whose sleeping and awakening are regulated

in cold and heat, in happiness and distress

yogo bhavati duùkha-hä

there is yoga, which is the destroyer of miseries

tathä mänäpamänayoù

and in honor and dishonor

 

jita-ätmanaù—of one who has conquered his mind; praçäntasya—who has attained tranquillity by such control over the mind; parama-ätmä—the Supersoul; samähitaù— approached completely; çéta—in cold; uñëa—heat; sukha— happiness; duùkheñu—and distress; tathä—also; mäna—in honor; apamänayoù—and dishonor.

yukta—regulated; ähära—eating; vihärasya—recreation; yukta—regulated; ceñöasya—of one who works for maintenance; karmasu—in discharging duties; yukta— regulated; svapna-avabodhasya—sleep and wakefulness; yogaù—practice of yoga; bhavati—becomes; duùkha—hä— diminishing pains.

For one who has conquered the mind, the Supersoul is already reached, for he has attained tranquillity. To such a man happiness and distress, heat and cold, honor and dishonor are all the same.

He who is regulated in his habits of eating, sleeping, recreation and work can mitigate all material pains by practicing the yoga system.

Bg 6.40

Bg 6.47

pärtha naiveha nämutra

yoginäm api sarveñäà

O Pärtha, neither in this life nor the next

vinäças tasya vidyate na hi kalyäëa-kåt kaçcid

is there destruction for him

and of all yogés

mad-gatenäntar-ätmanä çraddhävän bhajate yo mäà

one with his heart absorbed in Me

someone who does good

who worships Me with faith

durgatià täta gacchati

sa me yuktatamo mataù

never undergoes misfortune, o my dear friend

he is considered the best yogé by Me

pärtha—O son of Påthä; na eva—never is it so; iha—in this material world; na—never; amutra—in the next life; vinäçaù—destruction; tasya—his; vidyate—exists; na— never; hi—certainly; kalyäëa-kåt—one who is engaged in auspicious activities; kaçcit—anyone; durgatim—to degradation; täta—My friend; gacchati—goes.

yoginäm—of yogés; api—also; sarveñäm—all types of; mat— gatena—abiding in Me, always thinking of Me; antaù— ätmanä—within himself; çraddhä—vän—in full faith; bhajate—renders transcendental loving service; yaù—one who; mäm—to Me (the Supreme Lord); saù—he; me—by Me; yukta—tamaù—the greatest yogé; mataù—is considered.

O son of Påthä, a transcendentalist engaged in auspicious activities does not meet with destruction either in this world or in the spiritual world; one who does good, My friend, is never overcome by evil.

And of all yogés, the one with great faith who always abides in Me, thinks of Me within himself, and renders transcendental loving service to Me—he is the most intimately united with Me in yoga and is the highest of all. That is My opinion.

Bg 7.3

Bg 7.4

manuñyäëäà sahasreñu

bhümir äpo 'nalo väyuù

among thousands of men

earth, water, fire, air

kaçcid yatati siddhaye

khaà mano buddhir eva ca

someone endeavors for perfection

ether, mind, intelligence and also

yatatäm api siddhänäà

ahaìkära itéyaà me

and even among the endeavoring and perfected

false ego – this is My

kaçcin mäà vetti tattvataù

bhinnä prakåtir añöadhä

someone knows Me in truth

eightfold separated material energy

manuñyäëäm—of men; sahasreñu—out of many thousands; kaçcit—someone; yatati—endeavors; siddhaye—for perfection; yatatäm—of those so endeavoring; api—indeed; siddhänäm—of those who have achieved perfection; kaçcit—someone; mäm—Me; vetti—does know; tattvataù— in fact.

bhümiù—earth; äpaù—water; analaù—fire; väyuù—air; kham—ether; manaù—mind; buddhiù—intelligence; eva— certainly; ca—and; ahaìkäraù—false ego; iti—thus; iyam— all these; me—My; bhinnä—separated; prakåtiù—energies; añöadhä—eightfold.

Out of many thousands among men, one may endeavor for perfection, and of those who have achieved perfection, hardly one knows Me in truth.

Earth, water, fire, air, ether, mind, intelligence and false ego—all together these eight constitute My separated material energies.

Bg 7.5

Bg 7.7

apareyam itas tv anyäà

mattaù parataraà nänyat

besides this (material nature) there is another

superior to Me

prakåtià viddhi me paräm

kiïcid asti dhanaïjaya

superior nature of Mine – you must know

there is nothing else, o Dhanaïjaya

jéva-bhütäà mahä-bäho

mayi sarvam idaà protaà

comprising the jévas, o Arjuna

in Me all this world is strung

yayedaà dhäryate jagat

sütre maëi-gaëä iva

by which this world is supported

like pearls on a thread

aparä—inferior; iyam—this; itaù—besides this; tu—but; anyäm—another; prakåtim—energy; viddhi—just try to understand; me—My; paräm—superior; jéva-bhütäm— comprising the living entities; mahä-bäho—O mighty-armed one; yayä—by whom; idam—this; dhäryate—is utilized or exploited; jagat—the material world.

mattaù—beyond Me; para-taram—superior; na—not; anyat kiïcit—anything else; asti—there is; dhanaïjaya—O conqueror of wealth; mayi—in Me; sarvam—all that be; idam—which we see; protam—is strung; sütre—on a thread; maëi—gaëäù—pearls; iva—like.

Besides these, O mighty-armed Arjuna, there is another, superior energy of Mine, which comprises the living entities who are exploiting the resources of this material, inferior nature.

O conqueror of wealth, there is no truth superior to Me. Everything rests upon Me, as pearls are strung on a thread.

Bg 7.14

Bg 7.15

daivé hy eñä guëa-mayé

na mäà duñkåtino müòhäù

consisting of the three modes of nature, this divine

mama mäyä duratyayä

the miscreants, the foolish, unto Me they don’t

prapadyante narädhamäù

surrender, the lowest of men

energy of Mine is difficult to overcome

mäyayäpahåta-jïänä

whose knowledge is stolen by Mäyä

mäm eva ye prapadyante

(but) those who surrender to Me alone

äsuraà bhävam äçritäù

who partake of an atheistic mentality

mäyäm etäà taranti te

they cross this Mäyä

 

daivé—transcendental; hi—certainly; eñä—this; guëa- mayé—consisting of the three modes of material nature; mama—My; mäyä—energy; duratyayä—very difficult to overcome; mäm—unto Me; eva—certainly; ye—those who; prapadyante—surrender; mäyäm etäm—this illusory energy; taranti—overcome; te—they.

na—not; mäm—unto Me; duñkåtinaù—miscreants; müòhäù—foolish; prapadyante—surrender; nara- adhamäù—lowest among mankind; mäyayä—by the illusory energy; apahåta—stolen; jïänäù—whose knowledge; äsuram—demonic; bhävam—nature; äçritäù—accepting.

This divine energy of Mine, consisting of the three modes of material nature, is difficult to overcome. But those who have surrendered unto Me can easily cross beyond it.

Those miscreants who are grossly foolish, who are lowest among mankind, whose knowledge is stolen by illusion, and who partake of the atheistic nature of demons do not surrender unto Me.

Bg 7.16

Bg 7.19

catur-vidhä bhajante mäà

bahünäà janmanäm ante

four kinds worship Me

after many births

janäù sukåtino 'rjuna

jïänavän mäà prapadyate

pious people, o Arjuna

one with knowledge surrenders unto Me

ärto jijïäsur arthärthé

väsudevaù sarvam iti

the distressed, the inquisitive, the desirer of wealth

jïäné ca bharatarñabha

“Väsudeva is everything”

sa mahätmä su-durlabhaù

such a great soul is very rare

and also the one in knowledge, o best of the Bharatas

bahünäm—many; janmanäm—repeated births and deaths; ante—after; jïäna—vän—one who is in full knowledge; mäm—unto Me; prapadyate—surrenders; väsudevaù—the Personality of Godhead, Kåñëa; sarvam—everything; iti— thus; saù—that; mahä-ätmä—great soul; su-durlabhaù— very rare to see.

catuù-vidhäù—four kinds of; bhajante—render services; mäm—unto Me; janäù—persons; su-kåtinaù—those who are pious; arjuna—O Arjuna; ärtaù—the distressed; jijïäsuù— the inquisitive; artha-arthé—one who desires material gain; jïäné—one who knows things as they are; ca—also; bharata- åñabha—O great one amongst the descendants of Bharata.

O best among the Bhäratas, four kinds of pious men begin to render devotional service unto Me—the distressed, the desirer of wealth, the inquisitive, and he who is searching for knowledge of the Absolute.

After many births and deaths, he who is actually in knowledge surrenders unto Me, knowing Me to be the cause of all causes and all that is. Such a great soul is very rare.

Bg 7.23

Bg 7.24

antavat tu phalaà teñäà

avyaktaà vyaktim äpannaà

but their fruit is temporary

as unmanifest, having assumed a personality

tad bhavaty alpa-medhasäm

manyante mäm abuddhayaù

of the less intelligent (who worship demigods)

they consider Me, the unintelligent

devän deva-yajo yänti

paraà bhävam ajänanto

worshipers of the devas attain the devas

not knowing My supreme nature

mad-bhaktä yänti mäm api

mamävyayam anuttamam

but My devotees attain Me

which is eternal and unsurpassed

anta-vat—perishable; tu—but; phalam—fruit; teñäm—their; tat—that; bhavati—becomes; alpa—medhasäm—of those of small intelligence; devän—to the demigods; deva-yajaù— the worshipers of the demigods; yänti—go; mat—My; bhaktäù—devotees; yänti—go; mäm—to Me; api—also.

avyaktam—nonmanifested; vyaktim—personality; äpannam—achieved; manyante—think; mäm—Me; abuddhayaù—less intelligent persons; param—supreme; bhävam—existence; ajänantaù—without knowing; mama— My; avyayam—imperishable; anuttamam—the finest.

Men of small intelligence worship the demigods, and their fruits are limited and temporary. Those who worship the demigods go to the planets of the demigods, but My devotees ultimately reach My supreme planet.

Unintelligent men, who do not know Me perfectly, think that I, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Kåñëa, was impersonal before and have now assumed this personality. Due to their small knowledge, they do not know My higher nature, which is imperishable and supreme.

Bg 7.28

Bg 8.5

yeñäà tv anta-gataà päpaà janänäà puëya-karmaëäm

those whose sin has come to an end

anta-käle ca mäm eva

and at the time of death, Me alone

smaran muktvä kalevaram

those people of pious acts

remembering, after quitting the body

te dvandva-moha-nirmuktä

yaù prayäti sa mad-bhävaà

they, freed from the delusion of dualities

one who departs, he My nature

bhajante mäà dåòha-vratäù

yäti nästy atra saàçayaù

worship Me, being firm in their vow

attains, of this there is no doubt

yeñäm—whose; tu—but; anta—gatam—completely eradicated; päpam—sin; janänäm—of the persons; puëya— pious; karmaëäm—whose previous activities; te—they; dvandva—of duality; moha—delusion; nirmuktäù—free from; bhajante—engage in devotional service; mäm—to Me; dåòha-vratäù—with determination.

anta-käle—at the end of life; ca—also; mäm—Me; eva— certainly; smaran—remembering; muktvä—quitting; kalevaram—the body; yaù—he who; prayäti—goes; saù— he; mat-bhävam—My nature; yäti—achieves; na—not; asti—there is; atra—here; saàçayaù—doubt.

Persons who have acted piously in previous lives and in this life and whose sinful actions are completely eradicated are freed from the dualities of delusion, and they engage themselves in My service with determination.

And whoever, at the end of his life, quits his body remembering Me alone at once attains My nature. Of this there is no doubt.

Bg 8.15

Bg 8.16

mäm upetya punar janma

ä-brahma-bhuvanäl lokäù

after attaining Me, again birth

up to Brahma-loka

duùkhälayam açäçvatam

punar ävartino 'rjuna

miserable and temporary

are places of rebirth, o Arjuna

näpnuvanti mahätmänaù

mäm upetya tu kaunteya

they do not take, the great souls

but after attaining Me, o Kaunteya

saàsiddhià paramäà gatäù

punar janma na vidyate

having achieved the supreme perfection

there is no more bith

mäm—Me; upetya—achieving; punaù—again; janma— birth; duùkha-älayam—place of miseries; açäçvatam— temporary; na—never; äpnuvanti—attain; mahä-ätmänaù— the great souls; saàsiddhim—perfection; paramäm— ultimate; gatäù—having achieved.

ä-brahma-bhuvanät—up to the Brahmaloka planet; lokäù— the planetary systems; punaù—again; ävartinaù—returning; arjuna—O Arjuna; mäm—unto Me; upetya—arriving; tu— but; kaunteya—O son of Kunté; punaù janma—rebirth; na—never; vidyate—takes place.

After attaining Me, the great souls, who are yogés in devotion, never return to this temporary world, which is full of miseries, because they have attained the highest perfection.

From the highest planet in the material world down to the lowest, all are places of misery wherein repeated birth and death take place. But one who attains to My abode, O son of Kunté, never takes birth again.

Bg 9.2

Bg 9.4

räja-vidyä räja-guhyaà

mayä tatam idaà sarvaà

this is the king of education, the most secret

by Me all this is pervaded

pavitram idam uttamam

jagad avyakta-mürtinä

the supremely purifying

the universe, by My unmanifested form

pratyakñävagamaà dharmyaà

mat-sthäni sarva-bhütäni

understandable by direct perception, religious

all beings are situated in Me

su-sukhaà kartum avyayam

na cähaà teñv avasthitaù

very easy to perform and imperishable

but I am not situated in them

räja-vidyä—the king of education; räja-guhyam—the king of confidential knowledge; pavitram—the purest; idam— this; uttamam—transcendental; pratyakña—by direct experience; avagamam—understood; dharmyam—the principle of religion; su-sukham—very happy; kartum—to execute; avyayam—everlasting.

mayä—by Me; tatam—pervaded; idam—this; sarvam—all; jagat—cosmic manifestation; avyakta-mürtinä—by the unmanifested form; mat-sthäni—in Me; sarva-bhütäni—all living entities; na—not; ca—also; aham—I; teñu—in them; avasthitaù—situated.

This knowledge is the king of education, the most secret of all secrets. It is the purest knowledge, and because it gives direct perception of the self by realization, it is the perfection of religion. It is everlasting, and it is joyfully performed.

By Me, in My unmanifested form, this entire universe is pervaded. All beings are in Me, but I am not in them.

Bg 9.10

Bg 9.14

mayädhyakñeëa prakåtiù

satataà kértayanto mäà

by Me as supervisor, the material nature

always glorifying Me

süyate sa-caräcaram

yatantaç ca dåòha-vratäù

gives birth to moving and non-moving

endeavoring with great determination

hetunänena kaunteya

namasyantaç ca mäà bhaktyä

because of this, o Kaunteya

and bowing down / Me / with devotion

jagad viparivartate

nitya-yuktä upäsate

the world revolves (appears again and again)

being always absorbed, they worship

mayä—by Me; adhyakñeëa—by superintendence; prakåtiù—material nature; süyate—manifests; sa—both; cara-acaram—the moving and the nonmoving; hetunä—for the reason; anena—this; kaunteya—O son of Kunté; jagat— the cosmic manifestation; viparivartate—is working.

satatam—always; kértayantaù—chanting; mäm—about Me; yatantaù—fully endeavoring; ca—also; dåòha-vratäù—with determination; namasyantaù—offering obeisances; ca—and; mäm—Me; bhaktyä—in devotion; nitya—yuktäù— perpetually engaged; upäsate—worship.

This material nature, which is one of My energies, is working under My direction, O son of Kunté, producing all moving and nonmoving beings. Under its rule this manifestation is created and annihilated again and again.

Always chanting My glories, endeavoring with great determination, bowing down before Me, these great souls perpetually worship Me with devotion.

Bg 9.22

Bg 9.26

ananyäç cintayanto mäà

patraà puñpaà phalaà toyaà

those unalloyed, while meditating on Me

a leaf, flower, fruit or water

ye janäù paryupäsate

yo me bhaktyä prayacchati

those people who worship

one who gives Me with devotion

teñäà nityäbhiyuktänäà

tad ahaà bhakty-upahåtam açnämi prayatätmanaù

that which is offered with devotion I

for them, who are always absorbed

yoga-kñemaà vahämy aham

gain and safety I carry Myself

accept, from one whose mind is purified

ananyäù—having no other object; cintayantaù— concentrating; mäm—on Me; ye—those who; janäù— persons; paryupäsate—properly worship; teñäm—of them; nitya—always; abhiyuktänäm—fixed in devotion; yoga— requirements; kñemam—protection; vahämi—carry; aham—I.

patram—a leaf; puñpam—a flower; phalam—a fruit; toyam—water; yaù—whoever; me—unto Me; bhaktyä— with devotion; prayacchati—offers; tat—that; aham—I; bhakti-upahåtam—offered in devotion; açnämi—accept; prayata-ätmanaù—from one in pure consciousness.

But those who always worship Me with exclusive devotion, meditating on My transcendental form—to them I carry what they lack, and I preserve what they have.

If one offers Me with love and devotion a leaf, a flower, fruit or water, I will accept it.

Bg 9.27

Bg 9.29

yat karoñi yad açnäsi

samo 'haà sarva-bhüteñu

whatever you do, whatever you eat

I am equal to all beings

yaj juhoñi dadäsi yat

na me dveñyo 'sti na priyaù

whatever you sacrifice or donate

no one is My enemy nor My friend

yat tapasyasi kaunteya

ye bhajanti tu mäà bhaktyä

whatever austerity you perform, o Kaunteya

but those who worship Me with devotion

tat kuruñva mad-arpaëam

mayi te teñu cäpy aham

do that as an offering to Me

they are in Me and I am also in them

yat—whatever; karoñi—you do; yat—whatever; açnäsi—you eat; yat—whatever; juhoñi—you offer; dadäsi—you give away; yat—whatever; yat—whatever; tapasyasi—austerities you perform; kaunteya—O son of Kunté; tat—that; kuruñva—do; mat—unto Me; arpaëam—as an offering.

samaù—equally disposed; aham—I; sarva—bhüteñu—to all living entities; na—no one; me—to Me; dveñyaù—hateful; asti—is; na—nor; priyaù—dear; ye—those who; bhajanti— render transcendental service; tu—but; mäm—unto Me; bhaktyä—in devotion; mayi—are in Me; te—such persons; teñu—in them; ca—also; api—certainly; aham—I.

I envy no one, nor am I partial to anyone. I am equal to all. But whoever renders service unto Me in devotion is a friend, is in Me, and I am also a friend to him.

Whatever you do, whatever you eat, whatever you offer or give away, and whatever austerities you perform—do that, O son of Kunté, as an offering to Me.

Bg 9.30

Bg 9.31

api cet su-duräcäro

kñipraà bhavati dharmätmä

even a person of very bad behavior, if

he soon becomes righteous

bhajate mäm ananya-bhäk

çaçvac-chäntià nigacchati

he worships Me exclusively

he attains lasting peace

sädhur eva sa mantavyaù

kaunteya pratijänéhi

he is to be considered saintly

O Kaunteya, thus proclaim

samyag vyavasito hi saù

na me bhaktaù praëaçyati

he who is properly situated in his determination

“My devotee never perishes

api—even; cet—if; su—duräcäraù—one committing the most abominable actions; bhajate—is engaged in devotional service; mäm—unto Me; ananya-bhäk—without deviation; sädhuù—a saint; eva—certainly; saù—he; mantavyaù—is to be considered; samyak—completely; vyavasitaù—situated in determination; hi—certainly; saù—he.

kñipram—very soon; bhavati—becomes; dharma-ätmä— righteous; çaçvat-çäntim—lasting peace; nigacchati—attains; kaunteya—O son of Kunté; pratijänéhi—declare; na—never; me—My; bhaktaù—devotee; praëaçyati—perishes.

Even if one commits the most abominable action, if he is engaged in devotional service he is to be considered saintly because he is properly situated in his determination.

He quickly becomes righteous and attains lasting peace. O son of Kunté, declare it boldly that My devotee never perishes.

Bg 9.32

Bg 10.8

mäà hi pärtha vyapäçritya

ahaà sarvasya prabhavo

O Pärtha, taking shelter of Me

I am the origin of everything

ye 'pi syuù päpa-yonayaù

mattaù sarvaà pravartate

even those who may be of sinful birth

everything originates from Me

striyo vaiçyäs tathä çüdräs

iti matvä bhajante mäà

women, vaiçyas and çudras

knowing this they worship Me

te 'pi yänti paräà gatim

budhä bhäva-samanvitäù

they also achieve the supreme destination

those who are wise / endowed with love

mäm—of Me; hi—certainly; pärtha—O son of Påthä; vyapäçritya—particularly taking shelter; ye—those who; api—also; syuù—are; päpa-yonayaù—born of a lower family; striyaù—women; vaiçyäù—mercantile people; tathä—also; çüdräù—lower-class men; te api—even they; yänti—go; paräm—to the supreme; gatim—destination.

aham—I; sarvasya—of all; prabhavaù—the source of generation; mattaù—from Me; sarvam—everything; pravartate—emanates; iti—thus; matvä—knowing; bhajante—become devoted; mäm—unto Me; budhäù—the learned; bhäva-samanvitäù—with great attention.

O son of Påthä, those who take shelter in Me, though they be of lower birth—women, vaiçyas [merchants] and çüdras [workers]—can attain the supreme destination.

I am the source of all spiritual and material worlds. Everything emanates from Me. The wise who perfectly know this engage in My devotional service and worship Me with all their hearts.

Bg 10.9

Bg 10.10

mac-cittä mad-gata-präëä

teñäà satata-yuktänäà

thinking of Me, their lives devoted to Me

to those who are constantly devoted

bodhayantaù parasparam

bhajatäà préti-pürvakam

enlightening each other

worshiping Me with love

kathayantaç ca mäà nityaà

dadämi buddhi-yogaà taà

and always discussing about Me

I give that understanding

tuñyanti ca ramanti ca

yena mäm upayänti te

they are satisfied and rejoice

by which they attain Me

mat-cittäù—their minds fully engaged in Me; mat-gata- präëäù—their lives devoted to Me; bodhayantaù— preaching; parasparam—among themselves; kathayantaù— talking; ca—also; mäm—about Me; nityam—perpetually; tuñyanti—become pleased; ca—also; ramanti—enjoy transcendental bliss; ca—also.

teñäm—unto them; satata-yuktänäm—always engaged; bhajatäm—in rendering devotional service; préti- pürvakam—in loving ecstasy; dadämi—I give; buddhi- yogam—real intelligence; tam—that; yena—by which; mäm—unto Me; upayänti—come; te—they.

The thoughts of My pure devotees dwell in Me, their lives are fully devoted to My service, and they derive great satisfaction and bliss from always enlightening one another and conversing about Me.

To those who are constantly devoted to serving Me with love, I give the understanding by which they can come to Me.

Bg 10.11

Bg 10.41

teñäm evänukampärtham

yad yad vibhütimat sattvaà

out of compassion for them

whatever existence is there, which is opulent,

aham ajïäna-jaà tamaù

çrémad ürjitam eva vä

I / the darkness born of ignorance

beautiful or glorious

näçayämy ätma-bhäva-stho

tat tad evävagaccha tvaà

destroy / being situated in their heart

all that you should know

jïäna-dépena bhäsvatä

mama tejo-'àça-sambhavam

with the shining lamp of knowledge

as born of a portion of My splendor

teñäm—for them; eva—certainly; anukampä-artham—to show special mercy; aham—I; ajïäna-jam—due to ignorance; tamaù—darkness; näçayämi—dispel; ätma- bhäva—within their hearts; sthaù—situated; jïäna—of knowledge; dépena—with the lamp; bhäsvatä—glowing.

yat yat—whatever; vibhüti—opulences; mat—having; sattvam—existence; çré-mat—beautiful; ürjitam—glorious; eva—certainly; vä—or; tat tat—all those; eva—certainly; avagaccha—must know; tvam—you; mama—My; tejaù—of the splendor; aàça—a part; sambhavam—born of.

To show them special mercy, I, dwelling in their hearts, destroy with the shining lamp of knowledge the darkness born of ignorance.

Know that all opulent, beautiful and glorious creations spring from but a spark of My splendor.

Bg 11.55

Bg 12.2

mat-karma-kån mat-paramo

mayy äveçya mano ye mäà

he who works for Me, considering Me Supreme

those who, absorbing their minds in Me

mad-bhaktaù saìga-varjitaù

nitya-yuktä upäsate

My devotee, who is free from attachment

worship me, being constantly devoted

nirvairaù sarva-bhüteñu

çraddhayä parayopetäs te me yuktatamä matäù

endowed with transcendental faith

without enmity towards all beings

yaù sa mäm eti Päëòava

he comes to Me, o Päëòava

they are considered the best yogés by Me

mat-karma-kåt—engaged in doing My work; mat- paramaù—considering Me the Supreme; mat-bhaktaù— engaged in My devotional service; saìga-varjitaù—freed from the contamination of fruitive activities and mental speculation; nirvairaù—without an enemy; sarva— bhüteñu—among all living entities; yaù—one who; saù—he; mäm—unto Me; eti—comes; päëòava—O son of Päëòu.

çré-bhagavän uväca—the Supreme Personality of Godhead said; mayi—upon Me; äveçya—fixing; manaù—the mind; ye—those who; mäm—Me; nitya—always; yuktäù— engaged; upäsate—worship; çraddhayä—with faith; parayä—transcendental; upetäù—endowed; te—they; me— by Me; yukta—tamäù—most perfect in yoga; matäù—are considered.

My dear Arjuna, he who engages in My pure devotional service, free from the contaminations of fruitive activities and mental speculation, he who works for Me, who makes Me the supreme goal of his life, and who is friendly to every living being—he certainly comes to Me.

The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: Those who fix their minds on My personal form and are always engaged in worshiping Me with great and transcendental faith are considered by Me to be most perfect.

Bg 12.5

Bg 12.8

kleço 'dhikataras teñäm

mayy eva mana ädhatsva mayi buddhià niveçaya

concentrate the mind in me alone

the trouble is greater for those

avyaktäsakta-cetasäm

whose minds are attached to the unmanifest

absorb your intelligence in Me

avyaktä hi gatir duùkhaà

nivasiñyasi mayy eva

(because) the unmanifest goal only with difficulty

you will certainly live in Me

dehavadbhir aväpyate

ata ürdhvaà na saàçayaù

by the embodied beings is achieved

thereafter, without a doubt

kleçaù—trouble; adhika-taraù—very much; teñäm—of them; avyakta—to the unmanifested; äsakta—attached; cetasäm—of those whose minds; avyaktä—toward the unmanifested; hi—certainly; gatiù—progress; duùkham— with trouble; deha-vadbhiù—by the embodied; aväpyate—is achieved.

mayi—upon Me; eva—certainly; manaù—mind; ädhatsva— fix; mayi—upon Me; buddhim—intelligence; niveçaya— apply; nivasiñyasi—you will live; mayi—in Me; eva— certainly; ataù ürdhvam—thereafter; na—never; saàçayaù—doubt.

For those whose minds are attached to the unmanifested, impersonal feature of the Supreme, advancement is very troublesome. To make progress in that discipline is always difficult for those who are embodied.

Just fix your mind upon Me, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and engage all your intelligence in Me. Thus you will live in Me always, without a doubt.

Bg 12.9

Bg 12.10

atha cittaà samädhätuà

abhyäse 'py asamartho 'si

if to concentrate the mind

if you are also unable to practice

na çaknoñi mayi sthiram

mat-karma-paramo bhava

you cannot / steadly on Me

you must become devoted to work for Me

abhyäsa-yogena tato

mad-artham api karmäëi

then, by means of practice (sädhana-bhakti)

activities for My sake / even

mäm icchäptuà dhanaïjaya

kurvan siddhim aväpsyasi

you must desire to achieve Me, o Dhanaïjaya

while performing / you will achieve perfection

atha—if, therefore; cittam—mind; samädhätum—to fix; na—not; çaknoñi—you are able; mayi—upon Me; sthiram— steadily; abhyäsa-yogena—by the practice of devotional service; tataù—then; mäm—Me; icchä—desire; äptum—to get; dhanam-jaya—O winner of wealth, Arjuna.

abhyäse—in practice; api—even if; asamarthaù—unable; asi—you are; mat-karma—My work; paramaù—dedicated to; bhava—become; mat-artham—for My sake; api—even; karmäëi—work; kurvan—performing; siddhim—perfection; aväpsyasi—you will achieve.

My dear Arjuna, O winner of wealth, if you cannot fix your mind upon Me without deviation, then follow the regulative principles of bhakti- yoga. In this way develop a desire to attain Me.

If you cannot practice the regulations of bhakti- yoga, then just try to work for Me, because by working for Me you will come to the perfect stage.

Bg 12.11

Bg 12.12

athaitad apy açakto 'si

çreyo hi jïänam abhyäsäj

better than practice is knowledge

if even this you are unable

jïänäd dhyänaà viçiñyate

better than knowledge is meditation

kartuà mad-yogam äçritaù

to perform / being surrendered to My yoga

dhyänät karma-phala-tyägas

better than meditation is renunciation of the fruit of work

sarva-karma-phala-tyägaà tataù kuru yatätmavän

the renunciation of the fruit of all activities

tyägäc chäntir anantaram

then, being self-controlled, you must do it

after renunciation follows peace

atha—even though; etat—this; api—also; açaktaù—unable; asi—you are; kartum—to perform; mat—unto Me; yogam— in devotional service; äçritaù—taking refuge; sarva-karma— of all activities; phala—of the results; tyägam— renunciation; tataù—then; kuru—do; yata-ätma-vän—self— situated.

çreyaù—better; hi—certainly; jïänam—knowledge; abhyäsät—than practice; jïänät—than knowledge; dhyänam—meditation; viçiñyate—is considered better; dhyänät—than meditation; karma-phala-tyägaù— renunciation of the results of fruitive action; tyägät—by such renunciation; çäntiù—peace; anantaram—thereafter.

If, however, you are unable to work in this consciousness of Me, then try to act giving up all results of your work and try to be self-situated.

If you cannot take to this practice, then engage yourself in the cultivation of knowledge. Better than knowledge, however, is meditation, and better than meditation is renunciation of the fruits of action, for by such renunciation one can attain peace of mind.

Bg 13.20

Bg 13.23

prakåtià puruñaà caiva

upadrañöänumantä ca

prakåti (nature) and puruña (jéva)

the overseer (or witness) and permitter

viddhy anädé ubhäv api

bhartä bhoktä maheçvaraù

know both as beginningless

the maintainer, enjoyer, Supreme Lord

vikäräàç ca guëäàç caiva

paramätmeti cäpy ukto

also called the Supersoul

and their transformations and the modes of nature

viddhi prakåti-sambhavän

know to be born from prakåti

dehe 'smin puruñaù paraù

in this body there is another transcendental puruña

prakåtim—material nature; puruñam—the living entities; ca—also; eva—certainly; viddhi—you must know; anädé— without beginning; ubhau—both; api—also; vikärän— transformations; ca—also; guëän—the three modes of nature; ca—also; eva—certainly; viddhi—know; prakåti— material nature; sambhavän—produced of.

upadrañöä—overseer; anumantä—permitter; ca—also; bhartä—master; bhoktä—supreme enjoyer; mahä-éçvaraù— the Supreme Lord; parama-ätmä—the Supersoul; iti—also; ca—and; api—indeed; uktaù—is said; dehe—in the body; asmin—this; puruñaù—enjoyer; paraù—transcendental.

Material nature and the living entities should be understood to be beginningless. Their transformations and the modes of matter are products of material nature.

Yet in this body there is another, a transcendental enjoyer, who is the Lord, the supreme proprietor, who exists as the overseer and permitter, and who is known as the Supersoul.

Bg 14.4

Bg 14.26

sarva-yoniñu kaunteya

mäà ca yo 'vyabhicäreëa

among all species, O Kaunteya

Me / and he who with undeviating

mürtayaù sambhavanti yäù täsäà brahma mahad yonir ahaà béja-pradaù pitä

their womb is material nature

whatever forms take birth

bhakti-yogena sevate

bhakti-yoga serves

sa guëän samatétyaitän

he, after transcending these guëas

brahma-bhüyäya kalpate

and I am the seed-giving father

is eligible for spiritual existence

sarva-yoniñu—in all species of life; kaunteya—O son of Kunté; mürtayaù—forms; sambhavanti—they appear; yäù— which; täsäm—of all of them; brahma—the supreme; mahat yoniù—source of birth in the material substance; aham—I; béja-pradaù—the seed-giving; pitä—father.

mäm—unto Me; ca—also; yaù—a person who; avyabhicäreëa—without fail; bhakti-yogena—by devotional service; sevate—renders service; saù—he; guëän—the modes of material nature; samatétya—transcending; etän— all these; brahma-bhüyäya—elevated to the Brahman platform; kalpate—becomes.

It should be understood that all species of life, O son of Kunté, are made possible by birth in this material nature, and that I am the seed-giving father.

One who engages in full devotional service, unfailing in all circumstances, at once transcends the modes of material nature and thus comes to the level of Brahman.

Bg 14.27

Bg 15.7

brahmaëo hi pratiñöhäham amåtasyävyayasya ca

I am the basis of Brahman

mamaiväàço jéva-loke

is certainly My portion / in the material world

jéva-bhütaù sanätanaù

and of the imperishable immortality

the eternal living being

çäçvatasya ca dharmasya sukhasyaikäntikasya ca

and of the eternal dharma

manaù-ñañöhänéndriyäëi

the six senses, with the mind

prakåti-sthäni karñati

and of the ultimate happiness

situated in material nature / he drags

brahmaëaù—of the impersonal brahmajyoti; hi—certainly; pratiñöhä—the rest; aham—I am; amåtasya—of the immortal; avyayasya—of the imperishable; ca—also; çäçvatasya—of the eternal; ca—and; dharmasya—of the constitutional position; sukhasya—of happiness; aikäntikasya—ultimate; ca—also.

mama—My; eva—certainly; aàçaù—fragmental particle; jéva-loke—in the world of conditional life; jéva-bhütaù—the conditioned living entity; sanätanaù—eternal; manaù—with the mind; ñañöhäni—the six; indriyäëi—senses; prakåti—in material nature; sthäni—situated; karñati—is struggling hard.

And I am the basis of the impersonal Brahman, which is immortal, imperishable and eternal and is the constitutional position of ultimate happiness.

The living entities in this conditioned world are My eternal fragmental parts. Due to conditioned life, they are struggling very hard with the six senses, which include the mind.

Bg 15.15

Bg 15.19

sarvasya cähaà hådi sanniviñöo

I am situated in everyone’s heart

yo mäm evam asammüòho

mattaù småtir jïänam apohanaà ca

he who, undeluded, thus

jänäti puruñottamam

from Me (come) memory, knowledge and forgetfulness

vedaiç ca sarvair aham eva vedyo

I

alone am to be known through all Vedas

knows Me as the Supreme Person

sa sarva-vid bhajati mäà

vedänta-kåd veda-vid eva cäham

I

am indeed the author of Vedänta and the knower of the Vedas

he knows everything and worships Me

sarva-bhävena bhärata

with all his heart, O Bhärata

sarvasya—of all living beings; ca—and; aham—I; hådi—in the heart; sanniviñöaù—situated; mattaù—from Me; småtiù—remembrance; jïänam—knowledge; apohanam— forgetfulness; ca—and; vedaiù—by the Vedas; ca—also; sarvaiù—all; aham—I am; eva—certainly; vedyaù— knowable; vedänta-kåt—the compiler of the Vedänta; veda- vit—the knower of the Vedas; eva—certainly; ca—and; aham—I.

yaù—anyone who; mäm—Me; evam—thus; asammüòhaù— without a doubt; jänäti—knows; puruña-uttamam—the Supreme Personality of Godhead; saù—he; sarva-vit—the knower of everything; bhajati—renders devotional service; mäm—unto Me; sarva-bhävena—in all respects; bhärata— O son of Bharata.

I am seated in everyone's heart, and from Me come remembrance, knowledge and forgetfulness. By all the Vedas, I am to be known. Indeed, I am the compiler of Vedänta, and I am the knower of the Vedas.

Whoever knows Me as the Supreme Personality of Godhead, without doubting, is the knower of everything. He therefore engages himself in full devotional service to Me, O son of Bharata.

Bg 16.21

Bg 16.23

tri-vidhaà narakasyedaà dväraà näçanam ätmanaù

this theefold of hell

yaù çästra-vidhim utsåjya

one who, disregarding scriptural injunctions,

vartate käma-kärataù

gate / is the destruction of the self

acts impelled by his whims

kämaù krodhas tathä lobhas

na sa siddhim aväpnoti

lust, anger and geed

he does not attain perfection

tasmäd etat trayaà tyajet

na sukhaà na paräà gatim

therefore one should give up these three

nor happiness nor the supreme destination

tri-vidham—of three kinds; narakasya—of hell; idam—this; dväram—gate; näçanam—destructive; ätmanaù—of the self; kämaù—lust; krodhaù—anger; tathä—as well as; lobhaù— greed; tasmät—therefore; etat—these; trayam—three; tyajet—one must give up.

yaù—anyone who; çästra-vidhim—the regulations of the scriptures; utsåjya—giving up; vartate—remains; käma- kärataù—acting whimsically in lust; na—never; saù—he; siddhim—perfection; aväpnoti—achieves; na—never; sukham—happiness; na—never; paräm—the supreme; gatim—perfectional stage.

There are three gates leading to this hell—lust, anger and greed. Every sane man should give these up, for they lead to the degradation of the soul.

He who discards scriptural injunctions and acts according to his own whims attains neither perfection, nor happiness, nor the supreme destination.

Bg 17.15

Bg 18.17

anudvega-karaà väkyaà

yasya nähaìkåto bhävo

words that cause no anxiety

one whose nature is not egoistic

satyaà priya-hitaà ca yat

buddhir yasya na lipyate

truthful, pleasing and beneficial

whose intelligence is not stained

svädhyäyäbhyasanaà caiva

hatväpi sa imäl lokän

also the practice of reciting Vedic literature

even killing all these people

väì-mayaà tapa ucyate

na hanti na nibadhyate

is said to be austerity of speech

he does not (actually) kill nor is bound

anudvega-karam—not agitating; väkyam—words; satyam— truthful; priya—dear; hitam—beneficial; ca—also; yat— which; svädhyäya—of Vedic study; abhyasanam—practice; ca—also; eva—certainly; väk-mayam—of the voice; tapaù— austerity; ucyate—is said to be.

yasya—one whose; na—never; ahaìkåtaù—of false ego; bhävaù—nature; buddhiù—intelligence; yasya—one whose; na—never; lipyate—is attached; hatvä—killing; api—even; saù—he; imän—this; lokän—world; na—never; hanti—kills; na—never; nibadhyate—becomes entangled.

Austerity of speech consists in speaking words that are truthful, pleasing, beneficial, and not agitating to others, and also in regularly reciting Vedic literature.

One who is not motivated by false ego, whose intelligence is not entangled, though he kills men in this world, does not kill. Nor is he bound by his actions.

Bg 18.47

 

Bg 18.48

çreyän sva-dharmo viguëaù

saha-jaà karma kaunteya

is better / one’s own duty / even faulty

work born of one’s nature, O Kaunteya

para-dharmät sv-anuñöhität

sa-doñam api na tyajet

than the well-performed duty of another

even if faulty one should not give up

svabhäva-niyataà karma

sarvärambhä hi doñeëa

work ordained by one’s own nature

all endeavors are, certainly, by some fault

kurvan näpnoti kilbiñam

dhümenägnir ivävåtäù

performing, one does not incur sin

covered, as fire by smoke

çreyän—better; sva-dharmaù—one's own occupation; viguëaù—imperfectly performed; para-dharmät—than another's occupation; su-anuñöhität—perfectly done; svabhäva-niyatam—prescribed according to one's nature; karma—work; kurvan—performing; na—never; äpnoti— achieves; kilbiñam—sinful reactions.

saha-jam—born simultaneously; karma—work; kaunteya—

O

son of Kunté; sa-doñam—with fault; api—although; na—

never; tyajet—one should give up; sarva-ärambhäù—all ventures; hi—certainly; doñeëa—with fault; dhümena—with smoke; agniù—fire; iva—as; ävåtäù—covered.

It is better to engage in one's own occupation, even though one may perform it imperfectly, than to accept another's occupation and perform it perfectly. Duties prescribed according to one's nature are never affected by sinful reactions.

Every endeavor is covered by some fault, just as fire is covered by smoke. Therefore one should not give up the work born of his nature, O son of Kunté, even if such work is full of fault.

Bg 18.54

 

Bg 18.55

brahma-bhütaù prasannätmä

bhaktyä mäm abhijänäti

being self-realized and tranquil-minded

by bhakti one understands Me

na çocati na käìkñati samaù sarveñu bhüteñu

he neither laments nor desires

yävän yaç cäsmi tattvataù

who and how great I am in truth

tato mäà tattvato jïätvä

being equal towards all beings

then, after knowing me truly

mad-bhaktià labhate paräm

viçate tad-anantaram

he achieves pure devotion to Me

one then enters (My nature)

brahma-bhütaù—being one with the Absolute; prasanna- ätmä—fully joyful; na—never; çocati—laments; na—never; käìkñati—desires; samaù—equally disposed; sarveñu—to all; bhüteñu—living entities; mat—bhaktim—My devotional service; labhate—gains; paräm—transcendental.

bhaktyä—by pure devotional service; mäm—Me; abhijänäti—one can know; yävän—as much as; yaù ca

asmi—as I am; tattvataù—in truth; tataù—thereafter; mäm—Me; tattvataù—in truth; jïätvä—knowing; viçate—

he

enters; tat-anantaram—thereafter.

One who is thus transcendentally situated at once realizes the Supreme Brahman and becomes fully joyful. He never laments or desires to have anything. He is equally disposed toward every living entity. In that state he attains pure devotional service unto Me.

One can understand Me as I am, as the Supreme Personality of Godhead, only by devotional service. And when one is in full consciousness of Me by such devotion, he can enter into the kingdom of God.

Bg 18.61

Bg 18.65

éçvaraù sarva-bhütänäà

man-manä bhava mad-bhakto

(2)The Lord / (4) of all living entities

fix your mind in Me, become My devotee

håd-deçe 'rjuna tiñöhati

mad-yäjé mäà namaskuru

(3)situated in the heart / (1)O Arjuna

and worshiper, offer obeisances to Me

bhrämayan sarva-bhütäni

mäm evaiñyasi satyaà te

causing to travel, all living beings

you will certainly come to Me / Truly to you

yanträrüòhäni mäyayä

pratijäne priyo 'si me

mounted on a machine (created) by Mäyä

I promise (because) you are My beloved

éçvaraù—the Supreme Lord; sarva-bhütänäm—of all living entities; håt-deçe—in the location of the heart; arjuna—O Arjuna; tiñöhati—resides; bhrämayan—causing to travel; sarva-bhütäni—all living entities; yantra—on a machine; ärüòhani—being placed; mäyayä—under the spell of material energy.

mat-manäù—thinking of Me; bhava—just become; mat- bhaktaù—My devotee; mat-yäjé—My worshiper; mäm— unto Me; namaskuru—offer your obeisances; mäm—unto Me; eva—certainly; eñyasi—you will come; satyam—truly; te—to you; pratijäne—I promise; priyaù—dear; asi—you are; me—to Me.

The Supreme Lord is situated in everyone's heart, O Arjuna, and is directing the wanderings of all living entities, who are seated as on a machine, made of the material energy.

Always think of Me, become My devotee, worship Me and offer your homage unto Me. Thus you will come to Me without fail. I promise you this because you are My very dear friend.

Bg 18.66

Bg 18.68

sarva-dharmän parityajya

ya idaà paramaà guhyaà

abandoning all duties

one who, this supreme secret

mäm ekaà çaraëaà vraja

mad-bhakteñv abhidhäsyati

take shelter of Me alone

will explain among My devotees

ahaà tväà sarva-päpebhyo

bhaktià mayi paräà kåtvä

I / you / from all sins

doing a great service for Me

mokñayiñyämi mä çucaù

mäm evaiñyaty asaàçayaù

will liberate, do not grieve

he attains Me without a doubt

sarva-dharmän—all varieties of religion; parityajya— abandoning; mäm—unto Me; ekam—only; çaraëam—for surrender; vraja—go; aham—I; tväm—you; sarva—all; päpebhyaù—from sinful reactions; mokñayiñyämi—will deliver; mä—do not; çucaù—worry.

yaù—anyone who; idam—this; paramam—most; guhyam— confidential secret; mat—of Mine; bhakteñu—amongst devotees; abhidhäsyati—explains; bhaktim—devotional service; mayi—unto Me; paräm—transcendental; kåtvä— doing; mäm—unto Me; eva—certainly; eñyati—comes; asaàçayaù—without doubt.

Abandon all varieties of religion and just surrender unto Me. I shall deliver you from all sinful reactions. Do not fear.

For one who explains this supreme secret to the devotees, pure devotional service is guaranteed, and at the end he will come back to Me.