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DesignofBracingConnectionsinConcentrically

BracedFrames
ReferenceMaterials
ReferenceMaterials

DesignofSeismic
ResistantSteelBuilding
Structures
3. Concentrically Braced Frames

Prepared by:
Michael D. Engelhardt
University of Texas at Austin
with the support of the
American Institute of Steel Construction.

Version1 March2007
BraceEnd
BraceNetSectionFracture
GussetPlate
Undesiredbehaviour GussetPlateBuckling

Desiredbehaviour GussetPlateBendingandBraceBuckling
BadDesignsofBracingConnections
HSSBracingConnections
gussetplate
rectangularHSSbracing
member

CheckHSSbracingmemberforlimitstateofnet
sectionfracture
AISC:Ru=Ry Fy Ag
GB500112010:1.2Abrfy

Requiredaxialtension
strengthofbraceforlimit
stateoffractureofthenet
section
Ru=Ry Fy Ag
Ru =1.2Abrafy

CriticalNetSection
Ae =UAn
Ae<Ag dueto:
slot(An <Ag ),and
shearlag(U <1)
Ru=Ry Fy Ag

Limitstate:fractureofnet
section (0.75)Ae (Rt Fu)Ry Fy Ag

R y Fy ForA500GrBrectangularHSS:
Ae
OR:
Ag 0.75 Rt Fu Ae

1.4 46 ksi
1.14
Ag
0.75 1.3 58 ksi

NeedtoReinforceNetSection (Ae neednotexceedAg )


Reinforcingnetsectionofbracingmember....

Irecommendthatnetsectiontobereinforced
suchthatyieldingoccurinthebracemember,
notattheconnection
GussetPlateinTension1.2Abrfy/betg <=f
Alsocheckblockshearruptureofbracingmember....

L
t =designwallthicknessofHSS

Pu=Ry Fy Ag
1.2Abrfy

Pn =(0.75)(4Lt x0.6x64.2ksi)1.4x46ksixAg

0.557 Ag
L = minimumlengthofweldedoverlap
t neededbasedonblockshear
ruptureinHSSbracingmember
P P

PlasticHinge

P P

For"pinned"endbraces:flexuralplastichingewillformat
midlengthonly.Bracewillimposenobendingmomenton
connectionsandadjoiningmembers.
Mustdesignbraceconnectiontobehavelikea"pin"
2t
2t
2t

Concretefloorslab
2t

Concretefloorslab

Styrofoam
>2t
>2t
>
2t
GussetPlateinCompression
ConcentricWorkPointLocationandtheUniformForce
Method
TheUniformForceMethod
GussetPlateDesign
BeamandColumnWebYieldingandStabilityChecking
BeamMidspan

Checkgussetyield,gusset
netsectionfracture,gusset
blockshearfracture,local Checkgussetbuckling,
beamwebyielding,etc. beamwebcrippling,etc.

Ry FyAg
1.1Ry Pn
ConnectionatBeamMidspan
ConnectionatBeamMidspan
GussetPlate
OrdinaryConcentricallyBracedFrames
OrdinaryConcentricallyBracedFrames
OrdinaryConcentricallyBracedFrames