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BRITISH STANDARD BS 5640-1:

1978
IEC 597-1:
1977
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Aerials for the


reception of sound and
television broadcasting
in the frequency
range 30 MHz
to 1 GHz
Part 1: Specification for electrical and
mechanical characteristics

UDC 621.396.67

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BS 5640-1:1978

Cooperating organizations

The Electronic Equipment Standards Committee, under whose direction this


British Standard was prepared, consists of representatives from the following
Government department and scientific and industrial organizations:

British Broadcasting Corporation*


British Electrical and Allied Manufacturers Association (BEAMA)
British Radio Equipment Manufacturers Association
Cable and Wireless Limited

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Electrical, Electronic, Telecommunications Plumbing Union
Electricity Supply Industry in England and Wales
Electronic, Components Industry Federation*
Electronic Engineering Association*
Institution of Electronic and Radio Engineers*
Ministry of Defence
Post Office*
Scientific Instrument Manufacturers Association

The organizations marked with an asterisk in the above list, together with the
following, were directly represented on the committee entrusted with the
preparation of this British Standard

Aerial Manufacturers Association


British Aerial Standards Council
Confederation of Aerial Industries
Home Office
Independent Broadcasting Authority

This British Standard, having


been prepared under the
direction of the Electronic
Components Standards
Committee, was published
under the authority of the
Executive Board on Amendments issued since publication
30 November 1978

BSI 04-2000 Amd. No. Date of issue Comments

The following BSI references


relate to the work on this
standard:
Committee reference EEL/25
Draft for comment 75/28776 DC

ISBN 0 580 10433 8

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BS 5640-1:1978

Contents

Page
Cooperating organizations Inside front cover
National foreword ii
1 Scope 1
2 Object 1
3 Terminology 1
4 Specification of essential properties of receiving aerials 2
5 IEC type designation 3
6 Type tests 3
7 Approval tests 3
Publication referred to Inside front cover

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BS 5640-1:1978

National foreword

This British Standard has been prepared under the direction of the Electronic
Equipment Standards Committee. It is identical with Publication 597-1 Aerials
for the reception of sound and television broadcasting in the frequency
range 30 MHz to 1 GHz Part 1 Electrical and mechanical characteristics,
published by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).
Terminology and conventions. The text of the International Standard has
been approved as suitable for publication, without deviation, as a British
Standard. Some terminology and certain conventions are not identical with those
used in British Standards; attention is especially drawn to the following.
Wherever the words publication and standard appear, referring to this
standard they should be interpreted as British Standard.
Reference. The reference to the International Electrotechnical Vocabulary
(I.E.V.) (IEC 50) in clause 3, for which there is no corresponding British
Standard, constitutes informative matter only, and since no mandatory
requirements are involved, the validity of this British Standard is not affected.
Additional information. In addition to the IEC designation requirements of
clause 5, products complying with the requirements of this specification should
be identified also with the number of this British Standard.
A British Standard does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a
contract. Users of British Standards are responsible for their correct application.
Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity
from legal obligations.

Summary of pages
This document comprises a front cover, an inside front cover, pages i and ii,
pages 1 to 4, an inside back cover and a back cover.
This standard has been updated (see copyright date) and may have had
amendments incorporated. This will be indicated in the amendment table on the
inside front cover.
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BS 5640-1:1978

1 Scope 3.3
directivity protection
This standard covers linearly polarized receiving
aerials, for domestic use, in the frequency the ratio, in decibels, of maximum forward gain to
range 30 MHz to 1 GHz. the maximum minor lobe gain
3.4
2 Object cross-polarization protection
This standard defines and specifies the essential the ratio, in decibels, of the power received from a
electrical and mechanical properties of aerials for wave linearly polarized in the designed plane of
the reception of sound and television broadcasting. polarization, to the power received from an

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orthogonally polarized wave of the same amplitude
3 Terminology 3.5
Terminology is in accordance with the International beamwidth
Electrotechnical Vocabulary (I.E.V.), with the angular width of the major lobe in both E and H
following additional definitions which do not appear planes respectively, between points at which the
therein. gain is 3 dB below its maximum value
3.1 Receiving aerial 3.6 Bandwidth
That part of a radio receiving system which effects The extent of a continuous range of frequencies over
conversion between intercepted electromagnetic which an aerial characteristic or performance
waves and guided radio frequency currents or fields parameter conforms to a specified value.
in an associated transmission line.
3.6.1
NOTE This definition will normally include any impedance
matching devices, baluns and integral active equipment. gain bandwidth
It includes also those parts of the transmission line, the frequency range over which the aerial gain does
supporting structure and other components which not vary by more than a specified amount
influence aerial performance by virtue of proximity, 3.6.2
where they form part of the assembly as supplied or directivity protection bandwidth
as required for the installation.
the frequency range over which directivity
These can be excluded from the specification if protection does not fall below a specified value
agreed between purchaser and manufacturer.
3.6.3
3.1.1 impedance bandwidth
active receiving aerial
the frequency range over which changes in aerial
an aerial which incorporates an active device as an terminal impedance do not increase the magnitude
integral part essential for its proper functioning of the reflection coefficient or the standing wave
3.2 ratio (SWR) at the aerial terminal above a specified
aerial gain amount
the ratio, in decibels, of the power delivered to the 3.6.4
resistive load, specified as indicated in cross-polarization protection bandwidth
Sub-clause 4.1, when the aerial is optimally the frequency range over which cross-polarization
orientated in the uniform field of a plane linearly protection does not fall below a specified value
polarized electromagnetic wave, to the power
available from a correctly terminated half-wave 3.6.5
dipole optimally orientated in the same wave field operating bandwidth
NOTE The gain of an aerial can also be expressed as the gain the frequency range over which the specified gain,
relative to an isotropic aerial. The gain of a half-wave dipole directivity protection, impedance and, when
compared with an isotropic aerial is theoretically 2.15 dB. required, cross-polarization protection are all
unless otherwise specified, the figure expressing the maintained within specified limits
gain of an aerial refers to the gain in the direction of
the main lobe. When the aerial has been designed to
receive from a direction other than that of the main
lobe, the direction for which the gain is given shall
always be stated
the type of reference aerial, and whether the gain is
expressed as a numerical ratio or in decibels, shall
be clearly indicated

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BS 5640-1:1978

3.7 3.15
power surface density aerial impedance
power transmitted per unit area of a surface normal the impedance at the terminal device
to the direction of propagation of a plane 3.16
electromagnetic wave. It is expressed in watts per reflection coefficient
square metre as a function of the electric field
if the characteristic impedance of the aerial

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strength in volts per metre, by the following
equation: transmission line is equal to Zo and the aerial
impedance is equal to Za, the reflection coefficient r
is given by:

3.8
terminal device
Zo shall be equal to the resistive load, according to
means for providing connection between aerial and
Sub-clause 4.1
feeder
3.17
3.9
return loss ratio (RLR)
wind load
the reciprocal of the magnitude of the reflection
horizontal forces acting on the support mast caused
coefficient, expressed in dB and given by the
by the wind resistance of the aerial
formula:
3.10
ice load
additional load on the aerial and supporting
structure due to ice 3.18
3.11 standing wave ratio (SWR)
type tests the ratio of the maximum to the minimum voltage in
tests made by the manufacturer on random selected a loss-less line of characteristic impedance Zo
samples to verify that the type of aerial meets the connected to the aerial. It is related to the reflection
required performance specification coefficient r by the formula:
3.12
approval tests
tests made by agreement between purchaser and
manufacturer for approval purposes 3.19
feeder pick-up
3.13
transfer standard aerial transfer of signal power in the outer surface of the
outer conductor of a coaxial transmission line, or
a reference aerial of a closely reproducible, specified
unbalanced signal power in the conductors of a
construction, having a gain and directivity greater
symmetrical transmission line, through an aerial
than that of a half-wave dipole, which can be
terminal device into the transmission line as an
determined by calculation and, where necessary,
interfering signal component
confirmed by measurement, as being sufficiently
consistent for use as a transfer standard for aerial
4 Specification of essential properties
gain measurements
of receiving aerials
3.14
directivity pattern To ensure uniformity, and conformity with
standardized specifications for aerial construction
the graphical presentation, at a certain frequency and performance, the following properties shall be
and in a specified plane, of the ratio between the included, where necessary, in specification sheets.
output voltage (or current) of the aerial to the
maximum output voltage (or current) in the same 4.1 Resistive load
plane, as a function of the angle of rotation, when NOTE This will be equal to the nominal characteristic
the aerial is placed in a uniform field. Since field impedance of the aerial transmission line.
strength is proportional to voltage (or current), this 4.2 Bandwidth
pattern is sometimes called a field strength 4.2.1 Gain bandwidth
directivity pattern
4.2.2 Directivity protection bandwidth

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BS 5640-1:1978

4.2.3 Impedance bandwidth 6 Type tests


4.2.4 Cross-polarization protection bandwidth Type tests are carried out in order to determine
4.2.5 Operating bandwidth whether or not aerials comply with the present
standard and the performance requirements of the
4.3 Directivity protection
relevant specification sheet.
4.4 Cross-polarization protection
They shall be carried out as a part of the
4.5 Beamwidth manufacturers quality control of all specified
4.6 Reflection coefficient (or SWR or RLR) performance parameters to prove compliance.
4.7 Gain Samples taken for type tests shall be selected at
random, so as to be representative of the quality of
4.8 Wind load the relevant batch or period of manufacture.
4.9 Wind load with ice
4.10 Ice load 7 Approval tests
4.11 Mass (assembled) Approval tests, where required by the purchaser,
shall be agreed between manufacturer and
4.12 Mass (shipping) purchaser.
4.13 Dimensions Where required, the manufacturer shall provide
4.14 Environmental tests evidence from his test records that aerials do, in
fact, comply with this standard.
4.15 IEC type designation

5 IEC type designation


Products covered by this specification shall be
identified on the aerial, or its package, and in
performance data sheets as complying with this
specification, and giving the following information:
a) the number of this publication;
b) the letters IEC;
c) any other indication agreed between purchaser
and manufacturer.
NOTE When an IEC type designation is used, whether for the
marking of the product, or in its description, it is the
responsibility of the manufacturer to ensure that the item meets
the requirements of the relevant specification. The IEC as a body
cannot accept any responsibility in this matter.

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Publication referred to

See national foreword


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BS 5640-1:
1978
IEC 597-1: BSI British Standards Institution
1977
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