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Semi-Detailed Lesson Plan for Demo Teaching (ICT)

a. At the end of the lesson, the students will be able to:
Name the different components of a laptop.
Describe the function for each part of the laptop.
Classify components according to its use.


Topic: introduction to Laptop Computer and its Components
Materials: PowerPoint, Projector, Laptop/Notebook, Pictures

a. Motivation
i. Create two groups to join the activity. Provide each group with a jigsaw puzzle.
Instruct the students to solve the puzzle within 5 minutes. Ask the student if
they know what figure is revealed in the jigsaw puzzle. Connect the figure to the
lesson proper.
b. Lesson Proper
i. Raise up Question
Ask two students if they own a laptop and tell them if they can
differentiate it to a desktop computer.
ii. Technical Terms
RAM Random Access Memory
CPU Central Processing Unit
IDE - Integrated Drive Electronics
PCI Peripheral Component Interconnect
CMOS Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
iii. Discussion
Laptop often called a notebook computer is a portable and
compact computer with the same capabilities of a desktop
computer. It has an L-shaped design and the screen can be
lowered and closed to allow for easy transportation of the
machine. The primary feature of laptop over desktop is its
Invented by Adam Osborne in 1981.
Generally laptop are smaller, consume less power, weight less
and fewer components than desktop.

Main Categories/Classification of Components according to its use.

1. Processing Devices also processing hardware. It
manipulate raw and other data to information.
2. Input Devices used to feed raw and other data to the
computer system.
3. Output Devices disseminate and display both the data and
4. Storage Devices used to store data in whatever form.

Components of a Laptop

Motherboard The system board or simply the motherboard is the

main logic board of a laptop. All internal components are connected to
the system board.
Memory aka RAM (Random Access Memory). It stores data
temporarily for quick retrieval.
Hard drive it is the main storage of information in a laptop. All system
files, personal files are stored inside the hard drive. Types of hard drive
are SATA and IDE hard drives.
Processor or simply CPU. The processor is the brain of your laptop.
Faster CPU means faster processing.
Keyboard the main input device.
Touchpad alternately referred as a glide pad or a trackpad. It is an
input device that helps you move the cursor with your finger.
Cd/Dvd optical Drive allows you to read and write data from/to a CD
or DVD disc.
Cooling Fan part of the cooling module of the laptop. It helps to cool
down the processor when the laptop is turn on.
Video Card or simply Graphic Card. It connects to the motherboard
and generates output images to display.
Audio Card simply a Sound Card. A peripheral device to PCI slot on a
motherboard to process and deliver sound.
Wireless Network Card internal wireless card that helps you to
connect to the internet without running a cable.
CMOS Battery provides power to the CMOS chip when laptop is
turned off or disconnected to the outlet.
LED Screen a flat panel display, which uses arrays of light emitting
diode as pixels for a video display.
Screen inverter Board or simply FL inverter. A power supply for the
backlight lamp inside the LED Screen.
Main Battery secondary source of power to the laptop.

iv. Post Activity

Students will classify the different components according to its use
mainly main hardware, input devices, output devices and storage
v. Generalization
Laptop computer is a very powerful device in terms of its portability and
accessibility. You can take it anywhere you want which you cannot do to
your desktop computer. It has its own special components which makes
it unique to its counterpart.