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Matthew 7: 7

"Ask and it will be given to


you; seek and you will find;
knock and the door will be
opened to you.

BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE
(BOTANY)
CLASSIFICATION OF PLANTS: Cuttings, bulbs and Plants which has seed-
1. BRYOPHYTES (non vascular): plants that has no runners bearing fruits
transport vessels
2. TRACHEOPHYTES (vascular): plants with
transport vessel like xylem and phloem Plant Growth
Gymnosperms cone bearing plants Tropism directional growth or movement of
Angiosperms flowering plants a plant in reaction to stimuli.
a) Monocot: flowering plants with Types of Tropism Keyword Definition
single cotyledon or seed-leaf Electrotropism Electro Growth or
b) Dicot: flowering plants with double (electric) movement in
cotyledon or seed-leaf response to an
electric field
PLANT PARTS: Thermotropism Thermo Growth or
1. Roots absorb water and nutrients from the soil (heat) movement in
2. Stem transport the nutrients to the leaves response to
through cells that are specialized for transport temperature
3. Leaves food manufacturing site Phototropism Photo (light) Growth or
stomata in the leaves open to exchange movement
photosynthetic gases and close to minimize towards the
excessive water loss direction of light
Photosynthesis: means by which plants Geotropism Geo (earth) Growth or
create food; requires carbon dioxide, water, movement
chlorophyll and sunlight towards the
the product of photosynthesis is glucose and direction of
oxygen which they excrete during night time Earths gravity
4. Flowers reproductive organ of the plants which
Thigmotropism Thigmo Growth or
turns into a FRUIT when the embryo is pollinated
(touch) movement in
response to touch
PLANT REPRODUCTION or contact
Vegetative Propagation Fertilization Hydrotropism Hydro Growth or
Asexual reproduction Sexual reproduction (water) movement
Involves the root, stem or Involves the pollination towards water or
leaves of the flower bodies of water
Produces an entirely new After fertilization, the
plant genetically identical ovule becomes the seed
to the parent which later grows into a
new plant, and the
ripened ovary becomes
the fruit
Examples are grafting, Examples are those

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