72 views

Uploaded by Indian Abacus

Indian Abacus - Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

- Indian Abacus_Starters_1st Level_free
- Indian Abacus_Achievers_7th Level_Free
- Abacus Syllabus Advacad Solutions
- Indian Abacus_Endeavours_6th Level_Free
- Indian Abacus Movers Tutor Training Manual_2nd Level - free
- Indian Abacus_Stars_8th Level_free
- Indian Abacus Endeavours Tutor Training Manual_6th Level - free
- Flyers
- Indian Abacus course Parents Guide
- Indian Abacus_Flyers_5th Level_free
- Indian Abacus Starters Tutor Training Manual_1st Level - free
- Staters - Assessment Paper
- Basic Exercise Ready Reckner - Indian Abacus
- Indian Abacus_Racers_4th Level_free
- Basics of Using the Indian Abacus
- Indian Abacus Achievers Question Paper_7th Level-free
- Indian Abacus Flyers Tutor Training Manual_5th Level - free
- abacus worksheets
- Soroban
- Indian Abacus_Movers_2nd Level_free

You are on page 1of 10

Introduction -

1. What is abacus?

Abacus is a tool used to do arithmetic calculations easier and faster. The tool is made up of a

rectangular frame, a bar, columns and beads.

The Indian Abacus is also an Abacus tool but with advanced features. Movement of the sliders towards

the bar in Indian Abacus project colour images. Since the colour images get registered better requiring

no big effort, learning image based arithmetic calculations using Indian Abacus will be effortless and

stress-free and will result in better image memory.

Indian Abacus Digital is also a manually operable Abacus with the required built in Hardware and

software and thus the student can work accessing the On-line Indian Abacus Program portal to learn and

practice Abacus calculations and could take assessments also on-line.

3. What is frame?

The Columns / the slots in Indian Abacus are the vertical grooves running from top to bottom of the

Abacus, in which the lower and upper sliders are made to move for value and no values positions.

7. What is bar?

The bar is the horizontal member within the frame of the Abacus which is positioned more towards the

top and runs from the left side of the frame to the right side of the frame.

8. What are sliders?

Sliders are the moving members in Indian Abacus, which are the replacement for the beads of the

conventional abacus. Like the beads, the sliders of Indian Abacus can be made to move up and down.

In Indian Abacus, there are 4 Lower sliders and 1 Upper slider in each column. By the movement of

sliders towards the bar, value/s is added and by moving them away from the bar, value/s is subtracted.

Movement of the sliders therefore determine values while doing Abacus calculations.

The 9th column pointer is called home column. It is the start point for the positive numbers, it is used to

start the computation and it represents unit value.

Before the start of a fresh computation in abacus it must be cleared to get zero position in all the

columns, which means the sliders have to be moved to the no-value positions (away from the bar)

There are two types of clearance of abacus. They are the long clearance and short clearance.

The sums meant to be solved mentally using Abacus image based computation / calculation are the

mental sums. The students doing mental sums, visualize the mental abacus and move the slider images

of the abacus mentally to calculate and arrive at the correct answer.

Mental orals are the Oral sums meant to be solved using mental abacus, i.e. visualizing the mental

abacus the students solve oral sums called out by the Abacus Tutor.

Sliders

14. What are lower sliders?

The sliders which are below the Bar are called Lower Sliders. Lower sliders are moved up towards the

bar for value positions. Each lower sliders value when moved towards the bar is ONE

The sliders which are above the Bar are called Upper Sliders. Upper sliders are moved down towards

the bar for value positions. Each Upper sliders value when moved towards the bar is FIVE

16. How many Lower and Upper sliders are there in each column / slot?

There are totally 5 sliders in each column / slot - 4 Lower Sliders and 1 Upper slider

17. When does a slider assign value?

The sliders when moved away from the bar they lose value.

Operations

19. What is a plus operation?

The movement of the sliders away from the bar is (-) minus operation.

21. Which finger should be used for lower slider in the 9th column for plus (+) operation in

Indian Abacus?

Right hand thumb finger should be used for lower slider in the 9th column for plus (+) operation.

22. Which finger should be used for upper slider in the 9th column for plus (+) operation in

Indian Abacus?

Right hand index finger should be used for upper slider in the 9th column for plus (+) operation.

23. Which finger should be used for lower slider in the 9th column for minus (-) operation in

Indian Abacus?

Right hand index finger should be used for lower sliders in the 9th column for minus (-) operation.

24. Which finger should be used for upper slider in the 9th column for minus (-) operation in

Indian Abacus?

Right hand index finger should be used for upper slider in the 9th column for minus (-) operation.

25. Which finger should be used for upper slider in the 10th column for plus (+) operation?

Left hand middle finger should be used for upper slider in the 10th column for plus (+) operation.

26. Which finger should be used for lower slider in the 10th column for plus (+) operation?

Left hand index finger should be used for lower sliders in the 10th column for plus (+) operation.

27. Which finger should be used for lower slider in the 10th column for minus (-) operation?

Left hand index finger should be used for lower sliders in the 10th column for minus (-) operation.

28. Which finger should be used for upper slider in the 10th column for minus (-) operation?

Left hand middle finger should be used for upper sliders in the 10th column for minus (-) operation.

Sitting erect on the half chair with back straight, keeping only palms on the table is called sitting

posture.

Right Hander's should hold the pencil with last 3 fingers of right hand, index finger and thumb.

pointing out, allowing 2.5 cm projection at end of Pencil.

Left Hander's should hold pencil in left hand passing between thumb and index finger and out of ring and

last finger allowing 2.5 cm projection at end of Pencil. Hold abacus along with holding the pencil in the

left hand.

Abacus must be held in left hand using thumb, ring and small fingers together.

Abacus must be placed 4 fingers away from the edge of the table ensuring the 7th column pointer of

Indian Abacus Digital, in alignment with the nose.

The abacus should be placed on the book below the row in which sums are being done, the unit point

should be placed below the sum which is being currently solved or within a group of 5 sums.

Long clearance is used to clear abacus sliders in all the columns. This is used when small friend formulae

fingering exercise is practiced.

Short clearance is used to clear a very few columns in abacus to keep the abacus in zero position short

clearance is mostly used to practice sums.

Hold the abacus using left hand small finger, ring finger and thumb finger and hold the bar by using right

hand index finger and thumb finger on either side of the bar sweep all the sliders from left side to right

side.

38. What is the method for short clearance?

Hold the abacus using left hand small finger, ring finger and thumb finger, by using right hand index and

thumb finger hold either side of the bar and sweep the sliders from right to left side where it is required.

Learning and practicing of the concept of Abacus based calculation skills, using physical Abacus initially &

mental Abacus in the later stage, the children learning, would benefit through the enhancement of brain

skills like - concentration, visualization, Speed & accuracy and Memory power.

Values of columns

40. What is the value of the 9th column in Indian Abacus Digital?

This column represents the value in units/ones. This column is also called home column.

Formula is a derived rule arrived at after methodical application. Using of the formula helps in doing the

computation faster & methodically too.

While doing Abacus based calculations, the formula is used when there are no direct numbers available to

move the sliders within the column. In such cases, formula must be applied to get the right answer.

49. What are the fingers to be used for direct numbers in the 9th column in Indian Abacus?

Right hand thumb finger must be used to do addition (move lower sliders towards the bar) and right hand

index finger to be used to do subtraction (move lower sliders away from the bar) in the 9th column in

Indian Abacus. Use right hand index finger to move upper slider for both addition and subtraction.

50. What are the fingers to be used for direct numbers in the 10th column?

Left hand index finger must be used to do both subtraction and addition of lower sliders and Left hand

middle finger must be used to move upper slider in the 10th column.

Friends are the pair of two numbers to complete supplement (10) or complement (5) numbers.

54. What are the fingers to be used to apply small friend formula?

Right hand index and thumb fingers together simultaneously in the 9th column and Left hand middle

fingers and index fingers together sumultaneously in 10th column must be used to apply small friend

formula when working with the Indian Abacus Digital

57. Which of the fingers are to be used to apply big friend formula?

Both hands index fingers should be used simultaneoulsy right hand index finger for -1 to -5 and right hand

thumb finger for +1 to +4 and both index and thumb fingers together for +/- 6 to +/- 9 and left hand

index finger for +10

Combination/Mixed Friend numbers are the combination of 5 & 10 to get values above 10.

59. How many columns are required to use combination/mixed friends formula?

Basically 9th & 10th columns require to apply combination/mixed friends formula.

60. Which of the fingers are to be used to apply combination/mixed friends formula?

Right hand index and thumb fingers and left hand index finger together simultaneously should be moved

in the same direction.

61. What is the procedure to do double digit addition and subtraction sums?

Always start calculating sums from left side numbers first and follow with right side numbers for each row

and row by row by applying required formula.

62. What is the procedure to do triple digit addition and subtraction sums in abacus?

Always start doing sums from left side numbers first and follow with right side numbers for each row and

row by row. E.g. start with 3rd digit first and apply 2nd digit and then apply the 1st digit number. Follow

same procedure for more number of digits.

63. Which of the fingers are to be used in abacus for double digits addition and subtraction

sums?

Left hand middle and index fingers and right hand index finger and thumb finger

64. Which of the fingers are to be used in Indian abacus-Digital for triple digits addition and

subtraction sums?

In the 9th & 8th column left hand should be used and in the 7th column right hand should be used. If 2

digits are applied simultaneously then left hand must be used in the 9th column and right hand must be

used in the 8th column and again right hand should be used in the 7th column.

Activities

Speed writing is an activity to increase writing speed in a child, while maintaining / improving the legibility

and neatness.

Write normally numbers as 1234567890 repeatedly row after row for a period of one minute.

Write numbers as 1234567890 repeatedly row after row without looking at what you are writing for a

period of one minute.

68. What should be done for Left Hand speed writing?

Write numbers as 1234567890 repeatedly row after row using left hand for a period of one minute.

69. When right hand writers will write using left hand, how left hand writers will write the same?

Left handers must write the same numbers for Direct view, Indirect View using left hand. The last activity

must be done using right hand.

The activities like orals - the answers to oral questions, speed writing - writing numbers for Direct view,

Indirect view and Left hand writing in the speed writing note book, random writing - listening to the

called out numbers and writing the same are all done in the fingering/speed writing note book.

Listening to the called out numbers and writing the same in the note book or entering in the portal

page.

Flash cards are the tools used to test the image memory of the students. The Flash cards will have

number value of the image/s on its rear. The tutor will show the image side of the flash cards and expect

the students to write the value of the image/s seen. Practicing done using flash cards will result in

improved visualization and will be effective when the Image Memory for the corresponding number/s is

strengthened.

Flash cards (number) are very effective in improving the Visual Short Term Memory.

Flash cards are helpful in improving the reading speed and are also used for visual orals in the class.

Fingering exercise is an activity to make strong usage of fingers on sliders. It is aslo helpful in practicing

formulae repeatedly to attain skills and speed.

78. How many types of fingering exercise are there? What are they?

There are five types of fingering exercises. They are fixed numbers, repeated numbers, continuous

numbers, horizontal addition and subtraction and basic fingering exercise based on formulae.

79. What is fixed number exercise?

Computing two, three, four and so on digits repeatedly on abacus or mentally. Eg. 23/625/3452/79164 in

a given time.

Computing numbers continuously using required formulae until the target is reached. Eg: 1 to 10/

1 to 100/1 to 500/ 1 to 1000/ 1 to 5000.

Adding numbers 123456789 repeatedly using 9 columns (same number in the same column) until the

answer is reached to 1111111101.

Subtracting numbers 123456789 repeatedly from 1111111101 using 9 columns (same number in the

same column) until the answer is reached to 0

The fingering exercise which is practiced based on the particular formula. (This practice is done in the first

level course).

Orals are basically numbers call out for computation using abacus or mentally which helps to increase

listening skills and speed of computation.

There are two types of Orals. They are Abacus Orals and Mental Orals.

To achieve good proficiency in abacus computation, to develop listening skills and to develop

concentration orals must be practiced.

Listening and writing numbers - listening to the called out numbers and writing the same in the note book.

Contents of books in each level

Arithmetic operations - Addition & subtraction with increased number of digits and rows.

Arithmetic operations - Addition & subtraction, multiplication and division with increased number

of digits and rows.

Arithmetic operations - Introduction of decimal Addition & subtraction, multiplication and division with

increased number of digits and rows.

Arithmetic operations - Introduction of decimal Addition & subtraction, multiplication and division with

increased number of digits and rows.

Regards

N. Basheer Ahamed

Inventor Indian Abacus

www.indianabacus.com

oooiiiooo

- Indian Abacus_Starters_1st Level_freeUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Indian Abacus_Achievers_7th Level_FreeUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Abacus Syllabus Advacad SolutionsUploaded bypikayrav
- Indian Abacus_Endeavours_6th Level_FreeUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Indian Abacus Movers Tutor Training Manual_2nd Level - freeUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Indian Abacus_Stars_8th Level_freeUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Indian Abacus Endeavours Tutor Training Manual_6th Level - freeUploaded byIndian Abacus
- FlyersUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Indian Abacus course Parents GuideUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Indian Abacus_Flyers_5th Level_freeUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Indian Abacus Starters Tutor Training Manual_1st Level - freeUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Staters - Assessment PaperUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Basic Exercise Ready Reckner - Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Indian Abacus_Racers_4th Level_freeUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Basics of Using the Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Indian Abacus Achievers Question Paper_7th Level-freeUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Indian Abacus Flyers Tutor Training Manual_5th Level - freeUploaded byIndian Abacus
- abacus worksheetsUploaded byUtham Sharma
- SorobanUploaded byRustam Zhelomanov
- Indian Abacus_Movers_2nd Level_freeUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Indian Abacus_Riders_3rd Level_freeUploaded byIndian Abacus
- AbacusUploaded byorlyaiman
- Indian Abacus Starters Question Paper_1st Level _ FreeUploaded byIndian Abacus
- 1st Term BasicUploaded byAnita Tom
- Soroban - Useful Arithmatical ToolUploaded bynicejiggalow
- Abacus. The best manualUploaded bysarawoodwill2595
- Learning Mathematics With the Abacus(Soroban) - 02-Year 1 Activity BookUploaded bysbilek
- Indian Abacus Stars Tutor Training Manual_8th Level - freeUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Level 1 BookUploaded byUtham Sharma
- Indian Abacus_basic Information to Learn Abacus - FreeUploaded byIndian Abacus

- Ss Qp 410 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ss Qp 410 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ss Qp 410 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ss Qp 410 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ss Qp 410 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ss Qp 410 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ss Qp 410 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ss Qp 411 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ss Qp 411 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ss Qp 411 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ac Qp 366 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ac Qp 366 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ac Qp 366 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ac Qp 366 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ac Qp 366 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ed Qp 315 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ed Qp 315 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ed Qp 315 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ed Qp 315 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ed Qp 315 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ed Qp 315 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ed Qp 315 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ed Qp 315 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ed Qp 315 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ed Qp 315 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ac Qp 366 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ac Qp 366 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ac Qp 366 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ac Qp 366 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus
- Ac Qp 366 Indian AbacusUploaded byIndian Abacus

- MTP AssignmentUploaded byarchitha_s
- Allen & Heath Xone 32 DJ Mixer Service ManualUploaded byfabrizzio asdasd
- Cambodia Case Study: Women flourish in disaster risk reduction leadership rolesUploaded byOxfam
- MigraineUploaded byKanchan Jagtani
- RWW10ExhibitFlyerUploaded byVicky Slyboy
- NUR 443 Exam 3 Study Guide.docxUploaded byhellmanns1
- Implementing Active Defense Systems on Private NetworkUploaded byo0000o
- Wet & Dry ScrubberUploaded byShwetha Hd
- Rm Vlz620tUploaded bydzankizakon
- Guidelines GMAWUploaded byAIRENITROX
- Binder 1Uploaded bykunal.nitw
- Ar 122016Uploaded bysrikanth
- IDAUTO White Paper - UKUploaded byIdentity Automation, LP
- middle-east-pbook-1-hebrew_v1_m56577569830512329Uploaded byArabic Language
- Foxit PDF Editor ManualUploaded byJoão Toji
- COGSAUploaded byJosie Alonzo Andrade
- Food Safety1Uploaded byjaristizabal
- 1.0 BEAM DESIGNUploaded byklynchelle
- Geology Report Mafuga R2Uploaded byRakesh Vyas
- TFS2Uploaded bybigbuldog
- American Home vs TantucoUploaded byJoel Milan
- Troxler 3440 ManualUploaded bybrenstag
- Soft Starter Manual Cutler Hammer.pdfUploaded bygabriel
- Technical InfoUploaded byRuggeroSimonelli
- Quali MetUploaded bycute
- TafUploaded byniko67
- Variable Speed Pump How Low u Can GoUploaded byfghabboon
- A Systematic Approach to the Evaluation of IndirectUploaded byegglestona
- Cloning Linux Systems With CloneZilla Server Edition CloneZilla SEUploaded byDipo Surateji
- Eurocode en 1990 PDFUploaded byKevin