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University of the Visayas

Cebu City, Philippines

College of Teacher Education Graduate Studies


or
College of Nursing Graduate Studies

(Title of the Research Proposal)

A Research Proposal

Presented to the Faculty

As Partial Fulfillment

Of the Subject

Quantitative Research Methods in Education (Ed 502)


or
Quantitative Research Methods in Nursing (NSG 502)

Submitted by:

Mr. Juan Dela Cruz

Submitted to:

Dr. Johnny J. Yao Jr.

December 2014
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Table of Contents

Title Page. i

Approval Sheet....ii

Acknowledgment... iii

Table of Contents... iv

List of Tables ..................................................................................................................... iv

List of Figures ..................................................................................................................... v

Chapter 1. Introduction ....................................................................................................... 1

List of Tables ..................................................................................................................... iv

List of Figures ..................................................................................................................... v

Chapter 1 ............................................................................................................................. 1

Introduction ......................................................................................................................... 1

Background of the Study ........................................................................................ 1

Statement of the Problem ........................................................................................ 1

Hypotheses .............................................................................................................. 2

Theoretical/Conceptual Framework........................................................................ 2

Definition of Terms................................................................................................. 3

Delimitations ........................................................................................................... 3

Chapter 2 ............................................................................................................................. 4

Review of Related Literature and Studies .......................................................................... 4

Literature Review.................................................................................................... 4

Synthesis of Research Findings .............................................................................. 5


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Critique of Previous Research ................................................................................ 5

Chapter 3 ............................................................................................................................. 6

Research Methodology ....................................................................................................... 6

Research Design Appropriateness .......................................................................... 6

Research Respondents ............................................................................................ 6

Research Instrument................................................................................................ 7

Validity and Reliability. (The power of a research study can be weakened by

problems related to validity and reliability. The subsections relate to the validity

and reliability of measures and procedures. If using a unique instrument, the

procedures for using a pilot test should be described.) ........................................... 7

Data Analysis .......................................................................................................... 8

References ........................................................................................................................... 9

Appendix A ....................................................................................................................... 10

Add Title ........................................................................................................................... 10

Appendix A ....................................................................................................................... 11

Add Title ........................................................................................................................... 11

Curriculum Vitae ...............................................................Error! Bookmark not defined.


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List of Tables

Table 1. Add title (single-space table titles; double-space between entries) .......................#
v

List of Figures

Figure 1. Add title (single-space figure titles; double-space between entries) ....................#
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Approval Sheet

(Do not include this section for the requirement)


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Acknowledgements
Chapter 1
Introduction
(Use the following headings as needed. This chapter provides the framework for

the study and captures the attention of the reader. It begins with a problem statement and

the need for this particular research. Think of this chapter as moving from general

information to more specific information as it progresses; begin with a general

description of the area under study and move toward the specific description of research

questions, hypotheses and limitations.)

Background of the Study

(This section is about 2 pages long and provides a context of the problem based

on its background or history as well as a reason why the research problem is important.

This section addresses how the problem evolved, summarizes the research completed

thus far, and identifies the aspects of the topic emphasized by the current study. Given its

general brevity, only the most salient literature is reviewed here. A more thorough

review of the literature is completed in Chapter 2.)

Statement of the Problem

(This section is a concise statement of the problem confined to approximately

100-250 words. It defines the specific problem that will be investigated and the need for

the study. It contains several components: the general population that will be studied, the

general problem and need for the study, the specific problem and purpose, and

introductory words about the research method and design. It presents a discrepancy

between what is already known about the problem and what remains unclear. This section
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provides the reader with a clear understanding of the need for this study. These questions

are to be answered by the study in order to achieve the overall purpose of the study.

Questions must be manageable and specific. The questions direct the research methods

employed; qualitative questions differ from quantitative questions as do their research

methodologies. Most studies include 3-5 research questions, and may include sub-

questions to answer components of the larger question.)

Significance of the Study. (This section takes the specific research problem that

applies to the research community or experts in the field, and addresses the general

problem that affects the larger community. Point out how the research intends to add to

existing knowledge on the subject and who will benefit from the completion of this

project. The study must be considered significant by the panel to be pursued.)

Hypotheses

(If the research is quantitative, hypotheses should be defined. There is one

hypothesis or hypothesis set (null and alternative versions) for each research question or

sub-question asked. These are justified by reference to earlier literature, and connected to

the theoretical framework of the researcher. The alternative hypothesis is worded in

accordance with this knowledge.)

Theoretical/Conceptual Framework

(This section connects the research study to a broad theoretical framework and

area of research which provides a perspective for interpretation and comparison to other
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research. This is discipline and theory specific and includes an overview of the broad

theoretical area, an overview of how the research is consistent with previous research, a

discussion of the controversies, issues and perspectives in the field, and a discussion of

historical and current literature.)

Definition of Terms

(All constructs and variables to be investigated in the study, including the

characteristics of the sample and operationalized terms are defined in this section. Terms

unique to the study are defined and definitions related to the participants (age, gender,

education level, employment status, etc.) are provided as well as inclusion and exclusion

criteria, and any moderating or intervening variables. Each term is listed in alphabetical

order in separate paragraphs with appropriate citations.)

Delimitations

(Delimitations refer to variables that can be controlled or limited, establishing

boundaries for the specific research project, and are otherwise noted as areas intentionally

not investigated. Delimitations need to be outlined specifically to assist in future

replication of the study.)


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Chapter 2
Review of Related Literature and Studies

(The literature review begins with an introduction to orient the reader on the

purpose of the current chapter. The topic is stated and main points are briefly outlined.)

Literature Review

(This section provides the conceptual basis, justification, analysis and

interpretation of the problem under investigation through the presentation of historical

knowledge in the field, knowledge of similar research, knowledge of unsolved problems

and knowledge of gaps in the literature. It shows the research that was used to develop

key elements of the study. A balanced discussion of alternative viewpoints is presented

along with comparisons. Order, logic and flow are important. Begin with a historical

overview and gaps in the literature, and follow that with current findings in order from

general to more specific. Discuss the literature related to the research variables, the

constructs or factors involved, the theoretical framework and elements of the research

design. The review is organized with general subheadings shown below and specific

subheading based on your topic.)

Review of studies on the topic. ( Identify the research question, discuss research

used in developing or supporting the theoretical framework and address the variables of

the study in order of importance. Organize the review in a logical manner based on study

variables and use the literature review to support those variables. This section includes a

review of the methodological choices made for the study, including information about the
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research design, sample size, instruments, and data analysis. It serves to justify these

factors for your study.)

Synthesis of Research Findings

(This section connects the literature review to your research problem. Here you

discuss the larger themes reviewed including the strengths and weaknesses of each study.

This provides a summary of the logic behind your study including the theoretical

framework, ideas and constructs.)

Critique of Previous Research

(This section provides a critical analysis of the material reviewed, including the

quality of that research and the strengths or weaknesses in the methodology.

Additionally, it connects those factors to your research direction and argument. Opposing

views and controversies are addressed. This section helps to construct a strong case for

your research study.)


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Chapter 3
Research Methodology
(This chapter provides information as to how you carried out the study. It begins

with an introduction section that restates the research purpose and rationale to remind the

reader of the need for the study. The introduction provides a brief overview of the chapter

and how it is organized. This chapter should address the research design, population and

participant selection, procedures, instruments, research questions and hypotheses, data

collection and data analyses and expected findings.)

Research Design Appropriateness

(This section begins with a statement that describes the design. Descriptions of

the independent and dependent variables are provided. The independent variable is the

variable under the control or influence of the researcher; it provides the treatment or acts

as a factor on the dependent variable. The dependent variable is the criterion or response

variable. It is influenced by the independent variable. The rationale and appropriateness

of the study and the research design are described in fullness with the purpose of linking

them to accomplishing the studys goals.)

Research Respondents

(This section provides a full, detailed description of the characteristics of the

target population, the larger population from which the sample was drawn, connecting it

to the studys sample. The number of participants, their age, ethnicity, etc. should be

described. Sample selection should be described in full. This includes the methods

(general terms of what was done), the procedures (step-by-step explanation of how this
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was carried out), the number of participants in the final sample, an explanation for any

portion of the sample that was excluded, how the sample was recruited, selected and

assigned, how the sample size was determined (power analysis) and specific

characteristics of the sample. Use standard terminology.)

Research Locale. (Describe the location of the study as specifically as possible with

respect to the organizations anonymity and confidentiality of the participants.)

Research Instrument

(Describe standardized instruments used in the study; report the reliability and

validity coefficients and normative information, along with an explanation of why that

instrument was selected and how it is appropriate. If an instrument was created, provide a

description of the instrument along with steps taken to ensure reliability and validity.

Describe questionnaires used. Present these descriptions in subsections in the order they

were used in the study. Copies of the instruments used and permission statements from

the original author should be included in the appendix.)\

Validity and Reliability. (The power of a research study can be weakened by

problems related to validity and reliability. The subsections relate to the validity and

reliability of measures and procedures. If using a unique instrument, the procedures for

using a pilot test should be described.)

Internal validity. (Internal validity refers to the extent the design and data

obtained allow the researcher to draw accurate conclusions about the relationship among

variables.)
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External validity. (External validity refers to the ability to generalize the research

findings to the population as a whole population while explaining the extent to which the

results can be applied to other situations.)

Reliability. (Reliability relates to the replication of a study under similar

conditions and the reliability of the research instruments used or the degree to which

those instruments measure what they intend to measure.)

Data Analysis

(This section provides a detailed data analysis plan of the statistical techniques

used and it includes a description of why the statistical tests are appropriate in assessing

each hypothesis. A description of computer techniques is provided and deviations from

the anticipated data analysis are explained. This section is organized logically:

description of the types of data involved in each statistical analysis; description of

statistics required; sequence of methods for the analysis; and descriptions of how each

step will be carried out. Information should be specific enough to replicate the process.)
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References

(The reference list provides information about the sources cited within the document and

assists the reader in locating that material. Include sources used in your literature review

and research. The reference list should be accurate and complete. References should be

organized alphabetically, and single-spaced, with a double space between entries. The

style should be consistent throughout. Use the ruler to create a hanging indent. Refer to

the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.) for the

specific format for each reference type. APA can be accessed through the following link

http://www.apastyle.org/.)
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Appendix A
Add Title
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Appendix A
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Curriculum Vitae