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Name Date

CHAPTER
Chapter Test A
5 For use after Chapter 5

Write an equation in slope-intercept form of the line that has Answers


the given slope and y-intercept.
1.
3
1. slope: 22; y-intercept: 0 2. slope: }; y-intercept: 21
4 2.

Write an equation in slope-intercept form of the line that 3.


passes through the given point and has the given slope m.
4.
2
3. (2, 23); m 5 3 4. (21, 0); m 5 2 5. (3, 21); m 5 }
3
5.
In Exercises 69, use the graph that shows gym membership
6.
costs.
6. How much was the initial Gym Membership Costs 7.
membership fee?
C
400
8.
7. What is the cost per month?
350
9.
Cost (dollars)

8. Write an equation in 300


slope-intercept form that 250
10. See left.
200
relates the total cost (in (5, 205)
150
dollars) to the number of 11. See left.
100
months of the gym (2, 100)
50
membership. 0 12.
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 m
9. Find the cost of a gym Number of months
membership for one year.
13.
Graph the equation.
Copyright Holt McDougal. All rights reserved.

10. y 2 1 5 2(x 2 4) 11. y 1 2 5 2(x 2 1)

y y
4 3
3 2
2 1
1
23 22 O 1 2 3 x
O 1 2 3 4 5 6 x
22
23

Tell whether the sequence is arithmetic. If it is, find the next


two terms. If it is not, explain why not.
12. 24, 4, 6, 10, ...

13. 0, 211, 222, 233, ...

Algebra 1
Chapter 5 Assessment Book 89
Name Date

CHAPTER
Chapter Test A continued
5 For use after Chapter 5

Write an equation for a linear function f that has the given Answers
values.
14.
14. f(23) 5 2 and f(1) 5 0 15. f (3) 5 23 and f(4) 5 1
15.
In Exercises 16 and 17, use the following information.
16.
For a school band fundraiser, students are selling seat cushions for $4 each
and license plate holders for $6 each. One student raises $304. 17.
16. Write an equation in standard form of the line that models the
possible combinations of seat cushions and license plate holders
the student sold.
18.
17. List two of these possible combinations.

18. Write an equation of the line that passes through the point (4, 7) and
1 19. See left.
is (a) parallel to and (b) perpendicular to the line y 5 }2 x 2 1.
20.
In Exercises 1922, use the table that shows the number of
calories in grams of fat.

Fat (g) 31 39 19 34 43 39 35
Calories 580 680 410 590 660 640 570 21. See left.

19. Make a scatter plot of the data. 22.

y 23.
700

Copyright Holt McDougal. All rights reserved.


650 24.
600
Calories

550 25.
500
450
400
0
0 10 20 30 40 50 x
Fat (g)

20. Describe the correlation.

21. Draw a line of fit for the data.

22. Use the line of fit from Exercise 19 to predict the number of calories
in a hamburger that contains 28 grams of fat.

Find the zero of the function.


1
23. f(x) 5 x 2 8 24. f (x) 5 3x 1 9 25. f (x) 5 } x 2 1
2

Algebra 1
90 Chapter 5 Assessment Book
Name Date

CHAPTER
Chapter Test B
5 For use after Chapter 5

Write an equation in slope-intercept form of the line shown. Answers


1. y 2. (25, 4) y 1.
1 4
3
O 3 3 4 5 x 2.
2
22 1
3.
4
25 24 23 22 1 x
24
(1, 22) 4.
25
(0, 25)
5.
In Exercises 3 and 4, use the following information.
6.
A delivery service charges a base price for an overnight delivery of
a package plus an extra charge for each pound the package weighs. 7. See left.
A customer is billed $22.85 for shipping a 3-pound package and
$40 for shipping a 10-pound package. 8. See left.

3. Write an equation that gives the total cost of shipping a package as a 9.


function of the weight of the package.
4. Find the cost of shipping a 15-pound package.

Find the missing coefficient in the equation of the line that


passes through the given point.
5. Ax 1 y 5 3; (2, 25) 6. 3x 1 By 5 21; (2, 7)
10.
Graph the equation.
2
7. y 2 2 5 }(x 2 4) 8. y 1 4 5 23(x 1 2)
Copyright Holt McDougal. All rights reserved.

3
y y
3 3
2 2
1 1

22 O 1 2 3 4 x 24 22 O 1 2 x

22 22
23 23

In Exercises 9 and 10, use the table.

x 2 4 6 9 11
y 23 5 13 25 33

9. Explain why the data can be modeled by a linear equation.

10. Write an equation in point-slope form that relates y to x.

Algebra 1
Chapter 5 Assessment Book 91
Name Date

CHAPTER
Chapter Test B continued
5 For use after Chapter 5

Tell whether the sequence is arithmetic. If it is, find the next Answers
two terms. If it is not, explain why not.
11.
11. 3, 28, 219, 230, ... 12. 21, 22, 43, 65 ...
12.
Write an equation in standard form of the line that passes
through the given point and has the given slope m or that 13.
passes through the given points.
14.
1
13. (24, 3), m 5 } 14. (2, 23), m 5 24
2 15.

15. (22, 21), (2, 26) 16. (22, 5), (3, 5) 16.

In Exercises 17 and 18, use the following information. 17.


A piggy bank contains only nickels and quarters. The total value in the bank
18.
is $3.80.
17. Write an equation in standard form that models the possible
combinations of nickels and quarters in the piggy bank.
18. List two of these possible combinations.

19. Write an equation of the line that passes through the point (24, 21)
and is (a) parallel to and (b) perpendicular to the line 2x 1 7y 5 14. 19.

In Exercises 2024, use the table.

Fat (g) 31 39 19 34 43 39 35

Copyright Holt McDougal. All rights reserved.


Calories 580 680 410 590 660 640 570

20. See left.


20. Make a scatter plot of the data. y
700 21.
21. Describe the correlation.
650
600
Calories

22. Use technology to find the equation of


550
the best-fitting line for the data.
500
23. Graph the best-fitting line for the data 450
on the scatter plot. 400
0
0 10 20 30 40 50 x
24. Predict the number of calories in a
Fat (g)
hamburger that contains 28 grams of fat.

22.

23. See left.

24.
Algebra 1
92 Chapter 5 Assessment Book
Name Date

CHAPTER
Chapter Test C
5 For use after Chapter 5

Write an equation in the given form of the line shown. Answers


1. Slope-intercept form 2. Point-slope form 1.
y y
5 4 2.
(0, 4)
3
(21, 3)
22 3.
2 23.5 1
2.5
1 4.
x 23 22 3 x
3
O 1 2 3 4 5
22 5.

6. See left.
3. The freezing point of water is 08C or 328F. The boiling point of water
is 1008C or 2128F. Develop the formula that relates the number of See left.
7.
degrees in Fahrenheit to the number of degrees in Celsius.
8.
Write an equation for a linear function f that has the given
values. 9.
3 3
4. f(23) 5 2 and f(22) 5 21 5. f (22) 5 2} and f (25) 5 }
4 4 10.

Graph the equation.


4 1
6. y 1 2 5 2}(x 1 5) 7. y 2 4 5 }(x 2 1) 11.
3 3
y y
4 5
2 4
3
Copyright Holt McDougal. All rights reserved.

28 26 24 O 2 4 x
2
24 1
26
23 22 O 1 2 3 x
28

Find the value of k so that the three points lie on the same
line. Write the equation of the line in point-slope form.
8. (1, 22), (22, 4), (4, k) 9. (2, 2), (21, 5), (3, k)

Write a rule for the n th term of the sequence. Find a100.


10. 14, 22, 218, 234, ... 11. 12.7, 14.5, 16.3, 18.1

Algebra 1
Chapter 5 Assessment Book 93
Name Date

CHAPTER
Chapter Test C continued
5 For use after Chapter 5

Write an equation in standard form of the line that passes Answers


through the given point and has the given slope m or that
12.
passes through the given points.
2 13.
12. (25, 24), m 5 } 13. (3, 22), m 5 0
5
14.
14. (4, 9), (4, 21) 15. (22, 4), (4, 1)
15.
16. Determine whether the figure is a right triangle. A right triangle
contains one 90 angle. Justify your answer using slopes. 16.
y
3
(4, 2)
(25, 1) 2
1

25 23 22 O 2 3 4 x
17. See left.

23
(22, 23) 18.

In Exercises 1721, use the table. It shows the gas mileages


(in miles per gallon) for cars of different weights (in thousands
of pounds).

Weight 2 2.4 2.5 2.8 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.5 3.6 3.9
19.
Mileage 34 34 28 23 25 23 23 22 24 18
20.

Copyright Holt McDougal. All rights reserved.


17. Make a scatter plot of the data. y 21.
36
Miles per gallon

18. Describe the correlation.


32
19. Use technology to find the 28
24
equation of the best-fitting
20
line for the data.
16
20. Predict the gas mileage for 0
0 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 x
a car the weights 3400 pounds. Weight (thousands of pounds)

21. Find the zero of the function


from Exercise 19 and explain what it means in this situation.

Algebra 1
94 Chapter 5 Assessment Book
Chapter 4, continued

SAT/ACT Chapter Test 10. an 5 36.1 1 (n 2 1)22.2; 2233.9


1. E 2. D 3. B 4. D 5. C 6. A 7. B 8. C 11. C 5 12(m 2 1) 1 10 12. $94
9
9. A 10. E 11. D 12. B 13. C 14. } or 1.8 Quiz 2
5
15. $12 16. 5 years
3 1

ANSWERS
1. y 5 5x 2 7 2. y 5 }x 1 }
Performance Assessment 2 2
2
1. Complete answers should include: a list of the 3. y 5 2} x 2 6 4. y 5 3x 2 9
5
three methods that can be used to graph a linear 5. Lines a and b are perpendicular.
equation: make a table, use intercepts, and use the
6. Lines a and c are parallel.
slope and y-intercept; an explanation of how to
graph 2x + y = 3 using each method. 7. relatively no correlation 8. negative
correlation 9. 4 10. 18
2. a. x-intercept: 80; y-intercept: 25
b. y Chapter Test A
30 3
1. y 5 22x 2. y 5 } x 2 1 3. y 5 3x 2 9
Large plants

25 4
20
15 2
4. y 5 2x 1 2 5. y 5 } x 2 3 6. $30 7. $35
10 3
5
0 8. C 5 35m 1 30 9. $450
0 16 32 48 64 80 96 x
Small plants 10. y 11. y
4 3
3 2
c. The x-intercept represents the number of small 2 1

plants that can be placed in the garden if no large 1


23 22 1 2 3 x

plants are used. The y-intercept represents the O 1 2 3 4 5 6 x


22
number of large plants that can be placed in the 23

garden if no small plants are used.


d. Sample answer: 16 small and 20 large; 32 small 12. not arithmetic; There is no common
and 15 large; 48 small and 10 large difference. 13. arithmetic; 244, 255
1 1
5 5 14. f (x) 5 2} x 1 } 15. f (x) 5 4x 2 15
e. 2} f. y 5 2} x 1 25 2 2
16 16
16. 4s 1 6l 5 304 17. Sample answer: 1 seat
g. y
30 cushion and 50 license plate holders; 10 seat
cushions and 44 license plate holders
Copyright Holt McDougal. All rights reserved.

Large plants

25
20
15 1
18. Parallel: y 5 } x 1 5;
10 2
5
0 Perpendicular: y 5 22x 1 15
0 16 32 48 64 80 96 x
Small plants 19. y
700
h. The slope remained the same, but the 650
600
Calories

y-intercept increased by 5 units. 550


500
Chapter 5 450
400
0
Quiz 1 0 10 20 30 40 50 x
Fat (g)
1. y 5 2x 2 1 2. y 5 2x 1 1
1 4 7 20. The scatter plot shows a positive correlation.
3. y 5 2} x 1 5 4. y 5 } x 1 }
2 5 5 As the grams of fat increased, the number of
5. y 1 2 5 3(x 2 2) or y 2 7 5 3(x 2 5) calories tends to increase.
3 3
6. y 2 4 5 }(x 2 6) or y 2 1 5 }(x 2 2)
4 4
7. 3x 1 y 5 3 8. x 2 y 5 2
9. an 5 218 1 (n 2 1)13; 1269

Algebra 1
Assessment Book A11
Chapter 5, continued

21. y 22. 520 calories Chapter Test C


700
23. 8 4 7
650 1. y 5 2} x 1 4 2. y 2 3 5 2}(x 1 1)
600 24. 23 5 6
Calories

550
25. 2 9
500 3. F(C) 5 } C 1 32 4. f (x) 5 23x 2 7
5
ANSWERS

450
400
1 7
0 5. f (x) 5 2} x 2 }
0 10 20 30 40 50 x 2 4
Fat (g)
6. y 7. 5
y
4
Chapter Test B 2 4
3
28 24 O 2 4 x
4
1. y 5 } x 2 5 2. y 5 2x 2 1
2

3 24 1

23 22 O 1 2 3 x
3. y 5 2.45x 1 15.50 4. $52.25
5. A 5 4 6. B 5 21
8. k 5 28; Sample answer: y 2 1 5 22(x 1 2)
7. y 8. y
3 3
2
9. k 5 1; Sample answer: y 2 2 5 2(x 2 2)
2
1 1 10. an 5 14 1 (n 2 1)(216); 21570
22 O 1 2 3 4 x 24 22 O 1 2 x
11. an 5 12.7 1 (n 2 1)1.8; 190.9
22 22
23 23 12. 2x 2 5y 5 10 13. y 5 22 14. x 5 4
15. x 1 2y 5 6 16. The figure is not a right
9. The y-values increase at a constant rate of
4 1 5
4 for each increase of 1 in the x-value. triangle because the slopes are 2}3, 2}9, and }6 ,
10. Sample answer: none of which are negative reciprocals.
y 1 3 5 4(x 2 2) 11. arithmetic; 241, 252 17. y
36
12. not arithmetic; There is no common
Miles per gallon

32
difference. 13. 2x 1 2y 5 10 14. 4x 1 y 5 5 28
24
15. 5x 1 4y 5 214 16. y 5 5
20
17. 0.05n 1 0.25q 5 3.80 18. Sample answers: 16
26 nickels and 10 quarters; 1 nickel and 0
0 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 x
2 15 Weight (thousands of pounds)
15 quarters 19. Parallel: y 5 2}7 x 2 } 7
;

Copyright Holt McDougal. All rights reserved.


7 18. The scatter plot shows a negative correlation.
Perpendicular: y 5 }2 x 1 13
As the weight of the car increases, the gas mileage
20. y
tends to decrease. 19. y 5 28x 1 49
700
650 20. 22 mi/gal 21. x 6; There will be no gas
600
Calories

550 mileage for a car that weighs 6000 pounds.


500
450 Standardized Test A
400
0
1. D 2. B 3. C 4. D 5. A 6. B 7. D 8. C
0 10 20 30 40 50 x
Fat (g) 9. A 10. A 11. D 12. B 13. D 14. 24

21. The scatter plot shows a positive correlation. 15. a. The situation can be modeled by a linear
As the grams of fat increase, the number of equation because the cost increases by a constant
calories tends to increase. 22. y 5 11x 1 211 amount. b. $210 c. $40
23. 24. 519 calories 16. a. y 5 2.5x 1 10 b. y 5 2.5x 1 5 c. The
y
700 graphs are linear and have the same slope of 2.5.
650
600
This means that the graphs are parallel.
Calories

550 d. Regardless of the number of movies rented, the


500
difference will always be $5. Each person pays the
450
400 same amount per rental. The only difference is in
0
0 10 20 30 40 50 x the registration fee.
Fat (g)

Algebra 1
A12 Assessment Book