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PowerElectronic1(EET307)

HalfwaveRectifierwithResistiveLoad

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LearningOutcomes

To understand the operation and characteristics of rectifiers.

To understand the performance parameters of the rectifiers.

To learn techniques for analyzing the rectifier circuit.


circuit

To learn techniques for designing the rectifier circuit.

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Introduction

AC to DC Converters is a circuit used to convert AC power to


DC power.
power
Also known as rectifier
Other types of converter is shown below

INPUT OUTPUT CONVERTER


AC DC Rectifier
AC AC ACVoltageController

DC AC Inverter
DC DC Chopper

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TypesofRectifier

Halfwave rectifier
Fullwave
F ll rectifier
ifi

Uncontrolled rectifier
Controlled rectifier

Single Phase rectifier


Three Phase rectifier

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TypesofRectifier

Halfwave rectifier
Fullwave
F ll rectifier
ifi

Uncontrolled rectifier
Controlled rectifier

Single Phase rectifier


Three Phase rectifier

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UncontrolledHalfwaveRectifier(RLoad)

During the positive halfcycle of the input voltage, diode D1


conduct and the output appears across the load.
load
During the negative halfcycle of the input voltage, the diode
D1 is in a blocking condition and the output voltage is zero

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UncontrolledHalfwaveRectifier(RLoad)

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UncontrolledHalfwaveRectifier(RLoad)

The output voltage is given by average value


1 Vm
Vo Vavg Vm sin(t )d (t )
2 0
The average current
Vo Vm
Io
R R
The average power absorbed by the resistor
P I rms
2
R Vrms
2
R
Vm Vm
where Vrms and rms
I
2 2R

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EET307POWERELECTRONICI
AC DC CONVERTERS
ACDCCONVERTERS

EXAMPLE1

For a halfwave rectifier circuit


shown below, the source is sinusoid
of 240Vrms at a frequency of 50Hz.
The load resistor is 5. Determine:
a) The average load current
b) The average power absorbed by
the load
c) The power factor of the circuit.
d) Sketch the voltage waveforms of
th circuit.
the i it
EET307POWERELECTRONICI
AC DC CONVERTERS
ACDCCONVERTERS

SolutionEx.1
EET307POWERELECTRONICI
AC DC CONVERTERS
ACDCCONVERTERS

TutorialQ1

The halfwave rectifier circuit has


Vs(t) = 170 sin(377t) V and a load
resistance R=15 ohm .
Determine
( ) the
(a) th average load
l d current,
t
(b) the rms load current,
(c) the power absorbed by the load,
load
(d) the apparent power supplied by the
source, and
(e) the power factor of the circuit.
EET307POWERELECTRONICI
AC DC CONVERTERS
ACDCCONVERTERS

SolutionQ1

V0 Vm 170 /
a) I 0 3.60 A.
R R 15
V V 170
b) I rms rms m 5.66 A.
R 2 R 2(15)
c) P I 2 R 5.662 (15) 480 W .
170
d ) S Vrms I rms (5.66) 679 VA.
2
P 480 W
e) pf 0.707 70.7%
S 679 VA
EET307POWERELECTRONICI
AC DC CONVERTERS
ACDCCONVERTERS

TutorialQ2

The halfwave rectifier circuit of


below has a transformer inserted
between the source and the
remainder of the circuit. The source
is 240 Vrms at 50 Hz, and the load
resistor is 20 ohm.
(a) Determine the required turns ratio
off the
h transformer
f suchh that
h the
h
average load current is 12 A.
(b) Determine the average current in
the primary winding of the
transformer.
EET307POWERELECTRONICI
AC DC CONVERTERS
ACDCCONVERTERS

SolutionQ2

V0
a ) I 0 12 A.; I 0 V0 I 0 R (12)(20) 240 V .
R
Vm
Vo ; Vm Vo 240 754 V .

754
Vrms 533 V .
2
N1 240
0.45
N 2 533
N2 12
b) I o I o 26.7
26 7 A.
N1 0.45
ControlledHalfwaveRectifier(RLoad)

Thyristor (SCR) is used to control the output of the rectifier.


SCR will
ill conduct
d when
h theh source becomes
b positive.
ii
The conduction is delayed until a gate signal is applied ().

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ControlledHalfwaveRectifier(RLoad)

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EET307POWERELECTRONICI
AC DC CONVERTERS
ACDCCONVERTERS

CONTROLLEDHALFWAVERECTIFIER(RESISTIVELOAD)
The output voltage is given by average value

1 V
Vo i t d t m 1 cos
Vm sin
2 2

The average power absorbed by the resistor


P = V2rms / R

where
h
EET307POWERELECTRONICI
AC DC CONVERTERS
ACDCCONVERTERS

EXAMPLE2

Design a circuit to produce an average voltage of 40V across


100 from 120Vrms 60Hz AC source. Determine the power
absorbed by the resistance and the power factor.
Uncontrolled Halfwave
rectifier with R load
Controlled Halfwave rectifier with R
load

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