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Term 3 SRT Report

Mali Morrison 8S

Contents
Abstract ___________________________ 2
Introduction ________________________ 2
Aim _______________________________ 2
Hypothesis__________________________3
Risk assessment______________________3
Equipment __________________________3
Method ____________________________ 3
Results _____________________________4
Analysis/discussion ___________________ 5
Evaluation___________________________5
Conclusion__________________________ 6
Bibliography _________________________6
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Abstract
The task given was to deliver an egg safely to the ground in the shortest time possible from
the second storey. There were three group members and each person made an individual
parachute resulting in three parachutes. The most effective parachute was parachute 1 and
the least effective was parachute 3. The best result was the first drop of parachute 1 and the
worst result was the drop without a parachute. The distance of the drop was nine metres in
height and the area round the landing pad was grass. The most effective parachute was
made out of a plastic garbage bag and had four pieces of 30 inch long string attaching it to
the box. The box was halfway filled with bubble wrap and had two stockings in the shape of
a cross to hold the egg in. Interestingly, dropping the box alone resulted in a cracked egg.

Introduction
The task given was to investigate the motion of falling objects. The challenge was to safely
deliver an egg to the ground in the shortest time possible. According to the BBC Bitesize
website, there are three factors that affect the speed of a falling object, its mass, its surface
area and the acceleration due to gravity.
Isaac Newton discovered the three laws of motion, his second law relates to the motion of a
falling object. His second law was, acceleration is produced when a force acts on a mass.
The greater the mass (of the object being accelerated) the greater the amount of force
needed (to accelerate the object). It was hypothesised that if the size and material of the
parachute changes then the time and speed will change because the drag of the parachute
will affect the fall.

Some possible outcomes included:


- All parachutes could work
- None of the parachutes could work
- Only one or two parachutes could work
- When the box hit the ground, the egg could fall out
- The parachute strings could get tangled and stop it from working
- The box could get ruined on the first drop
- The wind could carry one of the parachutes into a tree

Aim
To determine whether a raw egg can be safely delivered to the ground from a two storey
building using a parachute.
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Hypothesis
If the size and material of the parachute changes then the time and speed will change
because the drag of the parachute will affect the fall.

Risk Assessment
Risk Prevention
1 The egg falling on someones head Have people around the dropping area to
make sure that no one will walk under the
drop.
2 Someone having an allergic To not touch the egg yolk and whites if it
reaction to the raw egg was coming out and to wash hands after
the experiment.
3 An eggshell could get in someones Check the egg and how much it had
eye cracked before picking it up

Equipment
- Egg
- Box
- Stockings
- Bubble wrap
- String
- Garbage bag
- Sheet
- Material
- Ribbons

Method
Egg drop box
1. The box was wrapped in contact and bubble wrap was placed in the bottom of the
box
2. A pair of stockings were cut into smaller parts and There were two holes cut into the
sides of one of the stockings
3. The ends of the stockings were stapled to the sides of the box, keeping one side
open so the egg could go in
4. Eight holes were made in the corners of the box for the string to attach to
Egg drop parachute
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1. The outline of the parachute was marked on a garbage bag with a diameter of 68cm
and a circumference of 213.63cm2
2. The circle was cut and four holes were made in the parachute (one for each string)
3. The string was cut into 30 inch long pieces and tied onto the parachute
4. The parachute was then attached to the box so it could be dropped

Results
Parachute Drop Time Distance Egg Speed
(Seconds) from landing cracked? m/s
pad (m)
Circular 1 2.62s 1.2m No 3.44
1 parachute 2 2.82s 1m No 3.19
3 3.35s 2.1m No 2.69
Large 1 3.69s 0.01m No 2.43
2 rectangle 2 3.66s 1.5m No 2.45
parachute 3 3.69s 1.05m No 2.43
Small 1 2.43s 2.4m Yes 3.07
3 rectangle 2 1.42s 2.45m Yes 6.33
parachute 3 1.53s 2.7m Yes 5.88
No parachute 1 1.20s 1.6m Yes 7.50

The weight of the box with an egg is 155.5g

Figure 1 (Egg after the drop without a parachute)


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Figure 2 (Small rectangular parachute drop 2)

Figure 3 (Small rectangular parachute drop 3)

Analysis/Discussion
The results from the experiment illustrate that only two of the parachutes worked in the
experiment. The two parachutes that worked were the circular parachute and the large
rectangular parachute. Both parachutes kept the egg intact when it was dropped. The small
rectangular parachute failed all three times the egg was dropped. There was no photo of the
first egg dropped as a group member had already taken it away and put it in a bin but all
three eggs cracked. The best result was the first drop using parachute 1. The experiment
relates to Isaac Newtons second law, acceleration is produced when a force acts on a
mass. The greater the mass (of the object being accelerated) the greater the amount of
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force needed (to accelerate the object), (Teachertech.rice.edu, 2017). This law is relevant
because the bigger the parachute the more drag there is which inhibits breakage of the egg.

Evaluation
Although the experiment was successful, there were still various mistakes that were made.
One of the mistakes was that the place where the egg was dropped from was not in line
with the landing pad on some of the drops. One difficulty was tying on the parachutes to the
box because the holes made for the string were quite small. Parachute 3 was the only
parachute that failed and it is believed to do with the size of the parachute and the material
it was made out of. If the experiment was done again, the best parachute would be
modified and dropped again.

Conclusion
In conclusion, parachute 1 was the best parachute as it was the fastest and stopped the egg
from cracking. The experiment was successful because only four out of ten drops resulted in
a cracked egg.

Bibliography
Grc.nasa.gov. (2017). Newton's Laws of Motion. [online] Available at:
https://www.grc.nasa.gov/www/K-12/airplane/newton.html [Accessed 21 May 2017].

Teachertech.rice.edu. (2017). Newton's 3 Laws of Motion. [online] Available at:


http://teachertech.rice.edu/Participants/louviere/Newton/law1.html [Accessed 21 May 2017].

Teachertech.rice.edu. (2017). Newton's 3 Laws of Motion. [online] Available at:


http://teachertech.rice.edu/Participants/louviere/Newton/law2.html [Accessed 21 May 2017].

Teachertech.rice.edu. (2017). Newton's 3 Laws of Motion. [online] Available at:


http://teachertech.rice.edu/Participants/louviere/Newton/law3.html [Accessed 21 May 2017].

Explain that Stuff. (2017). How parachutes work | The science of air resistance. [online] Available at:
http://www.explainthatstuff.com/how-parachutes-work.html [Accessed 6 Jun. 2017].
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Kinooze. (2017). How does a Parachute Work?. [online] Available at: http://kinooze.com/how-does-
a-parachute-work/ [Accessed 6 Jun. 2017].

Sciencing. (2017). How Does a Parachute Work?. [online] Available at: http://sciencing.com/a-
parachute-work-4564095.html [Accessed 10 Jul. 2017].

Bbc.co.uk. (2017). BBC - GCSE Bitesize: What affects falling?. [online] Available at:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/science/add_ocr_gateway/forces/fallingrev3.shtml
[Accessed 5 Jun. 2017].

Sciencing. (2017). Background Information on Egg Drop Experiments. [online] Available at:
http://sciencing.com/background-information-egg-drop-experiments-8704697.html [Accessed 10
Jun. 2017].