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M I T R C

Topic: Communications Engineering


(Modulation)

REVIEW PROBLEMS:

1. A transmitter supplies 8 KW to the antenna when


unmodulated. Determine the total power radiated when
modulated to 30%

2. The antenna current of an AM transmitter is 8 A when


only the carrier is sent but it increases to 8.93 A when
the carrier is sinusoidally modulated. Find the
percentage of modulation.

3. A 360 W carrier is simultaneously modulated by 2


audio waves with modulation percentage of 55 and 65
respectively. What is the total sideband power radiated?

4. For an AM DSBFC wave with a peak unmodulated


carrier voltage of Vc = 10 Vp, a load resistance R L = 10
ohms and a modulation coefficient of m = 1, determine
the total power of the modulated wave.

5. How many broadcast stations can be accommodated


in a 100 KHz bandwidth if the highest modulating
frequency is 5 KHz?

6. An increase in transmitted power due to amplitude


modulation from 26 watts to 32 watts means that the
current has increased by what percentage?

7. An AM broadcast receiver has 2 identical


preselectors. The Q of each of these circuits is 50 and
the receiver is tuned to DZXX 594 KHz. Find the
amount of image rejection in dB

8. What happens to the modulation index of an FM


when the intelligence frequency is reduced by 20% and
its amplitude is increased by 50 %?

9. A 2.4 volt, 500 Hz audio tone creates a frequency


deviation of 4.8 KHz. If the tones amplitude is raised to
7.2 volts, what is the new deviation?

10. Find the carrier swing for an 85% modulation for


commercial FM system.

11. The equation of the angle modulated wave is v =


15sin (3 x 108 t + 20sin2000t). Calculate the deviation.
Rewrite the equation if the modulating frequency is
halved and else remains constant assuming that the
wave is a) frequency modulated b) phase modulated

12 A system has 90 KHz bandwidth and a modulating


frequency of 15 KHz. What is the approximate and
theoretical bandwidth ?