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Wet Scrubber

Application Guide
Impingement Plate Scrubbers
Venturi Scrubbers
Eductor Venturi Scrubbers
Three Types of
Wet Scrubbers To
Remove Vapors, Gases
and Particulate
Impingement Plate
The Sly Impinjet
scrubber collects particu-
lates, and absorbs vapors,
and gases. High collection
efficiencies, (99+%), can
be achieved with low
water consumption and
minimum pressure drop.
Venturi Scrubbers for
Fine Particulates
The Sly Venturi
scrubber offers more Venturi Scrubber
advantages in separating
and recovering ultra-fine
particulates and liquid
mists than other gas
cleaning methods.
Eductor Venturi
Eductor scrubbers
are designed to remove
soluble gases and
particulate by inducing
a gas flow using high
pressure liquid focused
into a venturi throat.

Eductor Venturi Scrubber

Impinjet Scrubber
Basic Criteria for
Sizing A Wet Scrubber
The first step is to Example: absorption the following
determine which type of 10,000 ACFM @ 450F information is important:
Sly scrubber to select. containing 0.15# H2O/# - gas volume
The nature of the pollutant dry air - process description
or contaminant will The chart shows a - temperature
determine if the Venturi, correction factor of 0.75. Inlet - particle size
Impinjet, or combination volume x correction factor = - moisture content
scrubber system is best outlet volume or 10,000 x 0.75 - type of contaminant
suited for your application. = 7500 ACFM. The scrubber For assistance in under-
Sizing the scrubber is would be sized for this standing your problem, call
the next step. The factors saturated outlet volume. Sly at +44 (0)116 260 8187
affecting sizing are gas flow For Impinjet scrubbers,
rate, temperature, pressure, the maximum capacity is
gas composition, humidity, based on shell velocity of 500
contaminant loading and feet per minute. Dividing the VOLUMECORRECTION CHART
desired outlet conditions. corrected or saturated



Also, the availability of an volume by 500 yields the



appropriate scrubbing overall tower cross-sectional


liquid is an important area from which the diameter
consideration. can be determined. .30
Gas streams entering a
wet scrubber may or may Exam ple ( con t in u ed) : .25
not be fully saturated, 7500 ft3/min = 15 ft 2 .20
however they will exit the 500 ft/min
scrubber fully saturated. Area = 15 ft 2 = D2 .15

125 150
This process of saturation 4

results in a change in D=diameter
volume, temperature and Diameter = 4.37 ft .05
density. The calculated diameter
The overall scrubber becomes the reference point .40 .45 .50 .55 .60 .65 .70 .75 .80 .85 .90 .95 1.00
size (diameter) is a for equipment selection.
function of velocity of VOLUMECORRECTION FACTOR
(Refer to specific product
saturated gas through the bulletin.)
scrubber shell. By knowing The approximate PARTICULATECOLLECTION EFFICIENCIES
the moisture content of a particulate and/or mist 30' P VENTURI
gas stream (generally efficiencies for Venturis and
expressed as pounds of Impinjet scrubbers can be
water per pound of dry gas) determined by the efficiency

and the inlet temperature; NJET
chart on the right. IMPI T
the saturation temperature 2ST E I MP
To determine the number TAG
and saturated volume of Impinjet stages required
content can be calculated. for the absorption of gases
The volume correction such as acids, requires a 90
chart at the right can be complex calculation with too
used for a close approxima- many variables to use a
tion of the change in gas simple chart. However, for
volume. either particulate or 85
0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0

Impinjet Scrubbers
Collect Particulates &
Absorb Vapors and Gases
Rugged and uncompli- 4.) Both particle condensing and for heat Intimate gas/liquid
cated in design, Impinjet collection and recovery, our designs can contact results in the
Scrubbers can realize absorption of gases, accommodate high maximum collection
efficiencies in excess of vapors, etc. can be hydraulic loadings. efficiency for particles and
99% on many types of done at the same time. droplets as well as
dust or gases. Capacities 5.) Multiple stages can absorption (mass transfer)
Operating Principles
range from 500 to over be provided. of gases and vapors. When
The gas passes up
100,000 CFM. Depending 6.) No moving parts used for absorption, low
through the openings in
upon application, water to maintain. outlet emissions can be
the perforated plates (trays)
requirements vary from 7.) Extensive experience achieved by virtue of the
which hold a bed of liquid.
less than 1-1/2 GPM per with many applications scrubbers countercurrent
The secret is in the
1,000 ACFM to a typical 3 available. operation. The Sly
scrubbers design which
GPM per 1,000 ACFM. 8.) Needs less scrubbing Impinjet Gas Scrubber is
uses an impingement baffle
Unique flexibility is fluid than most other able to reduce gaseous
above each individual hole.
furnished by Impinjet scrubbers. pollutants to any desired
The tiny droplets,
Scrubbers. Made with the 9.) Can handle high concentration if a
created by the wetted
future in mind, additional temperatures and sufficient number of plate
baffles, are the heart of
stages can be added to temperature stages is used.
the collection process.
existing installations to fluctuations. See data sheet for
Gas velocities of 60 to
improve efficiency to technical details.
Cooling and 75 feet/second through the
handle tomorrows
Condensing holes result in thousands of
The outlet gas can be jets which atomize the
increasing liquid con-
cooled to less than 5F liquid into droplets on the
sumption. There is no need
above the temperature of order of 100 microns in
to buy complete new units.
the incoming liquid. Often diameter to clean the
Benefits solvents such as alcohols, contaminated gas. This
1.) High absorption pentane, hexane, acetone, entraps the particles in the
efficiency for gases ethylene glycol, chloro- scrubbing liquid. Each jet
and vapors. Experts form, etc. are recovered aspirates liquid from the
agree that plate towers from inert gas streams blanket of scrubbing fluid
have the ability to such as nitrogen or carbon and results in a wetted
remove gaseous pollu- dioxide. Chilled solvent is target surface on the baffle
tants to any desired used as direct contact which is located just above
concentration if a suf- condensing liquid and the point of maximum
ficient number of removes the heat from the velocity (vena contracta).
plates are used. This gas stream as it gains heat. In operation, the
means high mass Scrubbers also recover scrubber is highly
transfer rates can be waste heat. Heat from pluggage-resistant. The
achieved. dryers and other processes continuous violent
2.) 98+% collection that would normally be agitation of the blanket of
efficiency for particles exhausted can be used to scrubbing fluid prevents
5 microns in size heat water being fed to the settling of particles and
or larger. scrubber almost to the wet flushes them away.
3.) These high efficiencies bulb temperature of the
are achieved at a low inlet gas. For cooling and
pressure drop.

Venturi Effect results
in turbulent
interaction of liquid
and particulate-laden
gas flowing through
perforated plate and
striking the wetted
impingement baffle
grid. (Each hole has
an individual
surface.) Minute
liquid droplets are formed which entrap suspended
matter in gas. Particulate carrying droplets mix with
water flowing across baffles for ultimate disposal
through the drain. Cleaned gas passes through the mist
eliminator for return to process or atmosphere.

1.) Scrubber Outlet

2.) Fixed Blade Mist Eliminator
- assures droplet-free air to
process or atmosphere.
3.) Impingement Baffle Plates - 5.) Liquid Supply and Weir
create interaction of gas (dam) - adjustable weir
stream and liquid. provides uniform liquid
Additional plates (trays, flow to plates.
stages) provide increased 6.) Spray Section - for
efficiency. cooling and entrapment
4.) Plate Discharge and Seal of larger particles.
Drain - directs slurry to Spray washes under
bottom of scrubber for side of plate and walls
removal. Non-clogging seal to prevent material
prevents short circuiting of build-up. Sprays are
gas. non-clogging.
7.) Gas Inlet

Venturi Scrubbers
Collect Ultrafine
Particles and Mists
The Venturi Scrubber energy costs is an Benefits Operating Principles
uses the differential adjustable pressure drop This Sly scrubbing The incoming gas is
between high velocity provision and energy system brings together accelerated to a high
gases and free-flowing regain feature which virtually all the features velocity at the scrubber s
water to create droplets combine to reduce power you should insist upon for throat where it comes into
which entrap contami- consumption and your application: contact with the scrubbing
nants, hold them in operating costs. 1.) Simple, easily adjust- liquid. The liquid is
suspension and deliver The Sly Venturi able throat permits atomized into fine droplets
them as a highly concen- Scrubber serves industry in setting pressure for which entrap the particu-
trated slurry. The Sly several ways. It removes maximum efficiency. late with high collection
Venturi Scrubber offers pollutants present in Can be fine-tuned to efficiency.
more advantages in process gas streams. This application while Downstream from the
separating and recovering includes removing scrubber is running. throat, the cleaned gas
liquid mists and ultra-fine hazardous and nuisance Throat damper blades decelerates and the
particulate than other gas dusts, fumes and mists are readily replaceable. particulate-laden droplets
cleaning methods. from stack gases. Cleaning 2.) Variable-spin damper in collide and agglomerate.
Simple in design, yet process gas streams to separator maintains The large, heavy, agglom-
highly efficient, this Sly remove oils, dusts and proper velocity for erated droplets are driven
Venturi Scrubber incorpo- other particulate, this collection of fine into the flooded elbow for
rates features calculated to scrubber offers industry an droplets. easy disposal. Droplets too
maximize collection opportunity to recycle 3.) Flooded elbow provides small for collection at the
efficiency while minimiz- these gases as fuels or a wetted surface for flooded elbow are collected
ing operating and process raw materials. collection of large in the separator to
maintenance costs. They Finally, the Sly Venturi agglomerated liquid complete the cleaning
range from a non- Scrubber makes it possible droplets. Also serves as operation.
plugging, trouble-free to reclaim valuable a barrier to eliminate Pressure drop across
method of introducing materials which can result equipment wear. Drains the venturi throat is a
scrubbing liquid and a in significant process directly into separator measure of the energy
simple, easily-adjusted savings. sump. needed to atomize the
throat for optimizing Sly Ltd., with over 125 4.) Removable scrubbing scrubbing liquid and to
efficiency, to a flooded years of service to industry, liquid piping - no perform the cleaning
elbow arrangement that offers complete air nozzles to wear or plug. operation. The higher the
collects agglomerated pollution control services. 5.) Access door permits pressure drop, the higher
particulate while providing We begin with an applica- inspection of flooded the collection efficiency.
an abrasion-resistant tion survey, engineering elbow and spin damper. The Sly Venturi offers
barrier to deter scrubber recommendations, 6.) Simple open design has the most efficient design
wear. Extremely important fabrication, and end with low potential for build- for putting pressure drop
in these days of rising factory assembly of a up and pluggage. to work. Its adjustable
scrubbing system to 7.) Temperature and throat feature optimizes
provide a satisfactory corrosion resistant scrubbing efficiency by
solution to your gas construction is maintaining just the right
scrubbing problem. available. pressure drop. This,
8.) Can employ a high combined with the units
concentration slurry as energy regain section,
scrubbing liquid. significantly reduces
power consumption and
operating costs.
See data sheet for technical

Flooded inlet eliminates wet/dry Often a hot gas stream has a valuable
interface build-up problems. particulate to be recovered. Silver is
recovered from film incineration using
this Venturi scrubber.

Removable piping
Adjustable Throat distributes water
Simple, easily-adjusted throat without using nozzles.
optimizes efficiency. Operates
Separator collects ultrafine droplets too
manuallyautomatic control is
small for impingement collection in
offered as an optional extra.
Wetted surfaces flooded elbow.
eliminate wet/dry Tangential outlet
interface build-up. minimizes pressure drop.

Throat adjustment. velocity
capture of
Water atomization and
particle impaction. gas stream

Shielded water
Energy regain section
inlet prevents re-
reduces power consump-
entrainment of
liquid in gas

Clean out door.

Flooded elbow collects agglomerated, particle carrying

droplets and functions as an abrasion deterrent.
Access door permits inspection of flooded elbow,
shielded inlet and variable spin damper.

Damper in fully open position.

Variable Spin Damper is manually

adjusted to control spin velocity. Proper
adjustment maintains the spin velocity
necessary to efficiently collect
Damper partially closed to increase spin velocity. entrained liquid droplets.

Eductor scrubbers are Eductors are easily
designed to remove soluble staged with other collection
gases and particulate by devices such as impinge-
inducing a gas flow using ment plate scrubbers,
high pressure liquid packed towers or additional
focused into a venturi eductor scrubbers.
Additionally, eductor
scrubbers can be used for
direct-contact condensa-
tion. A high liquid flow
rate makes the Sly eductor
particularly appropriate
for collection of sticky
and/or gummy particulate,
as well as gases which
decompose upon contact
with water, such as SiCl4
and H2SiF6.