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Current Electricity-Problem

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13. CURRENT ELECTRICITY

Un-Solved Text Book Problems


Q.1 A cell of e.m.f. 3V and internal resistance 4
is connected to two resistances 10 and 24
joined in parallel. Find the current through
each resistance using Kirchhoffs laws.

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Q.2 The current flowing through an external

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resistance of 2 is 0.5 A when it is connected
to the terminals of a cell. This current

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reduces to 0.25 A when the external
resistance is 5 . Use Kirchhoffs laws to find
e.m.f. of cell.
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gap still containing X?

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Q.3 Four resistances 5, 10, 15 and an
unknown X are connected in series so as to

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form Wheatstones network. Determine the
unknown resistance X, if the network is
balanced with these numerical values of

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resistances.

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Q.4 In a meter-bridge experiment with resistance


R1 in left gap and resistance X in right gap,
null point is obtained at 40 cm from left end.
With a resistance R2 in left gap and same
resistance X in right gap, null point is
obtained at 50 cm from left end. Where will
be null point if R1 and R2 are put first in series
and then in parallel, in the left gap and right

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Q.6 Two cells having unknown e.m.f.s E1 and E2
(E1>E2) are connected in potentiometer
circuit so as to assist each other. The null
point is obtained at 8.125 m from the higher
potential end. When cell E2 is connected so
as to oppose cell E1, the null point is obtained
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at 1025 m from same end. Compare the
e.m.f.s of two cells.
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Q.5 A potentiometer wire has a length of 2m and


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resistance 10. It is connected in series with


resistance 990 and a cell of e.m.f. 2V.
Calculate the potential gradient along the
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wire.

Q.7 A potentiometer wire has a length 10 m and


a resistance 20. Its terminals are connected
to a battery of e.m.f. 4V and internal
resistance 5. What are the distances at
which null points are obtained when two
cells of e.m.f.s 1.5V and 1.3 V are connected
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so as to (a) assist and (b) oppose each other? length of 217 cm of the wire, find the e.m.f.
of cell. When a cell is shunted by a resistance
of 15, the balancing length is reduced by 17
cm. Find the internal resistance of a cell.

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Q.9 A voltmeter has a resistance of 100. What


Q.8 A potentiometer wire of length 4m and will be its reading when it is connected across
resistance 8 is connected in series with a a cell of e.m.f. 2V and internal resistance 20
battery of e.m.f. 2V and negligible internal ?
resistance. If the e.m.f. of cell balance against
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Q.11 Two resistances X and Y in the two gaps of a
meter-bridge give a null point dividing the

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wire in the ratio 2:3. If each resistance is
increased by 30, the null point divides the
wire in the ratio 5:6, calculate each

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resistance,

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Q.10 Four resistances 4, 4, 4 and 12 form a


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Wheatstones network. Find the resistance


which when connected across the 12
resistance, will balance the network.
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Q.12 Equal length of mangnin (1) and nichrome


(2) are joined in the left gap and right gap of
meter bridge. The null point is at 40cm from
left end. Compare the diameters of the wire.
The specific resistances are 1 = 4.8 x 10-8m,
2 = 10-6m.

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Q.13 Determine the current flowing through the
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galavanometer (G) shown in the figure.
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Q.15 A uniform wire is cur into two pieces such
that one piece is twice as long as the other.

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The two pieces are connected in parallel in
the left gap of a meter-bridge. When a
resistance of 20 is connected in the right
gap, the neutral point is obtained at a
distance of 60 cm from the right end of the
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wire. Find the resistance of the wire before it
was cut into two pieces.
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Q.14 A potentiometer wire has a length of 4m and


resistance of 4. What resistance must be
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connected in series with the potentiometer


wire and a cell of e.m.f. 2V having internal
resistance 2 to get a potential drop of 10-3
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V/cm along the wire?


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Q.16 With an unknown resistance X in the left gap
and a resistance of 30 in the right gap of
meter-bridge the null point is obtained at 40

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cm from the left end of the wire. Find (i) the
unknown resistance and (ii) the shift in the
position of the null point

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(a) When the resistances in both the gaps
are increased by 15 and
(b) When the resistance in each gap is
shunted by a resistance of 8 te
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Q.17 A skeleton cube is made of 12 wires each of


resistance R connected to a cell of e.m.f. E
and of negligible internal resistance. Use
Kirchhoffs laws to find the resistance
between (a) adjacent corners of the cube i.e.
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between two ends of any wire or across any
one edge. (b) the diagonally opposite corners
of same face of cube. i.e. across face
diagonal.

Q.18 Two coils are connected in series in one gap


of a meterbridge and the null point is
obtained in the middle of the wire by putting

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75 in the other gap. Two coils are then
connected in parallel and the null point is

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obtained again in the middle of the wire, the
resistance in the other gap is changed by
57. Find the resistance of each coil.

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Q.19 Find the radius of the wire of length 25m

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needed to prepare a coil of resistance 25
(Resistivity of material of wire is 3.142 10-7
m)

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Un-Solved Text Book Problems


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Q.21
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Q.20 The resistance of a potentiometer wire is 8


and its length is 8 m. A resistance box and a Solution :
2V battery are connected in series with it.
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What should be the resistance in the box, if it


is desired to have a potential drop of 1
V/mm?
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Q.22

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Solution :

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Q.23

Q.24
Solution :

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Solution :

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Solution :

Q.25

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Solution :

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Q.27

Q.26

Solution :

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Q.29
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Solution :
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Q.28
Q.30

Solution :

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Solution :

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Q.32

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Solution :
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Q.31
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Solution :
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Q.33

Solution :

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Q.35

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Solution :
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Q.34
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Solution :
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Current Electricity 9004896194 / 9987190068

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