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Aircraft Materials & Hardware Class Test 01

Instructor: Name:
Class: Date:
Duration: Results:


Part I:
1. Hardness can be increased by
a. Hot working
b. Cold Working
c. Galvanizing
d. Nitriding
2. ___________ is the ability of the material to resists stress without breaking
a. Hardness
b. Strength
c. Toughness
d. Elasticity
3. Density is an important consideration when choosing a material in order to maintain
a. Strength to weight ratio
b. lift and drag ratio
c. Weight and Balance
d. None of the above
4. _________________ is an example of malleable metal
a. Manganese
b. Copper
c. Steel
d. Titanium
5. This property is essential for metals used in making wire and tubing
a. Malleability
b. Fusibility
c. Elasticity
d. Ductility
6. The point beyond which a material cannot be loaded without causing permanent distortion is called
a. Creep limit
b. Fatigue limit
c. Elastic limit
d. Upper critical temperature
7. ______________ is the property of the material to withstand tearing and shearing
a. Fusibility
b. Toughness
c. Elasticity
d. Flexibility
8. An example of brittle metal is
a. Mild steel
b. Tungsten
c. Cast iron
d. High carbon steel
9. Why is electrical conductivity an important factor in aircraft performance
a. It gives high rigidity in terms of strength

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b. Radio interference
c. Weldability
d. Equipment failure
10. Thermal expansion refers to
a. Reactions produced as a result of loading
b. Reactions produced as a result of heating and cooling
c. Reactions produced as a result of buckling
d. Reactions produced as a result of high temperature

Part II:
11. Which numerical system is used to identify the structural steels
a. System of Automotive Engineers
b. Society of Automotive Engineers
c. System of Aerospace Engineers
d. Society of Aerospace Engineers
12. Identify the type of steel in their order SAE 2340, SAE 1045, SAE 6150 and SAE 40xx
a. Nickel, Chromium, Molybdenum, Carbon
b. Nickel, Carbon, Chromium, Manganese
c. Nickel, Molybdenum, carbon, Manganese
d. Nickel, Carbon, Chrome-Vanadium, Molybdenum
13. ______________ test is the common way of identifying ferrous metals
a. Eddy current
b. Spark
c. Conductivity
d. Hardness
14. What is the carbon content of medium carbon steel?
a. 0.10 to 0.30
b. 0.30 to 0.50
c. 0.50 to 1.05
d. 2.5 to 4
15. Steel containing 2.5 to 4 percentage of carbon are called
a. Mild steel
b. High Carbon steel
c. Wrought Iron
d. Cast Iron
16. The composition of Corrosion resistance steel is
a. 10 to 12 % Cr and 18 % Ni
b. 10 to 18% Cr and 12% Ni
c. 18% Cr and 12 % Ni
d. 18% Cr and 8% Ni
17. Which steel is used for ball and roller bearings
a. Chrome-Nickel
b. Chrome-Molybdenum
c. Chrome Vanadium
d. Chromium
18. Molybdenum Steel is used in
a. Fuselage tubing
b. Engine mounts
c. Landing gears
d. All the above
19. What is the most important factor to consider when selecting a substitute metal
a. Strength
b. Aerodynamics
c. Corrosion
d. None of the above
20. What will you do primarily before undertaking a airframe structural repair or replacement

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a. Refer the appropriate structural repair manual
b. Collect the tools required for the repair
c. Seek advice from other personnel working with you
d. Take a sick leave

Part III:
21. What are the methods of metal working
a. Hot working, Hardening, Casting
b. Hammering, Pressing, Cold Working
c. Hot Working, Cold Working, Extruding
d. Forging, Casting and Riveting
22. What is forging?
a. Melting of metals and pouring into molds
b. Hammering the metal to the desired shape
c. Heating the metal above its critical range of temperature and hammering
d. Drawing the metal in to wire or sheet form
23. What are the factors determining the requirements for airframe construction and repair?
a. Hardness, brittleness and strength
b. Malleability, ductility and strength
c. Elasticity, conductivity and strength
d. Reliability, weight and strength
24. What are the basic stresses which acts in a metal?
a. Axial, bi-axial loading
b. Hammering, pressing, tearing
c. Tension, compression, shear, bending and torsion
d. Tension, compression, stress, strain, bending
25. ______________ is the eating away or pitting of the surface or the internal structure of metals.

a. Abrasion b. Corrosion c. Creep d. Fatigue

26. The process of heating the steel above its upper critical point, soaking it and cooling rapidly is
known as

a. Strengthening b. Hardening c. Annealing d. Tempering

27. What is the outcome of Hardening?
a. Increase in Hardness and Decrease in Ductility
b. Increase in Hardness and Increase in Ductility
c. Increase in Hardness and Decrease in Brittleness
d. Increase in Hardness and Increase in Strength
28. The ability of a steel material to harden depends upon the

a. Strength b. Ductility c. Carbon content d.Iron content

29. Tempering reduces __________________

a. Ductility b. Brittlenes c. Strength d. softness

30. tempering process always follow _______________________

a. Normalizing b. Annealing c. Hardening d. Quenching

31. At what temperature tempering is conducted
a. Above upper critical
b. Below upper critical
c. Above low critical
d. Below low critical
32. In annealed state steel has its
a. Lowest strength

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b. Highest strength
c. Highest ductility
d. Lowest elasticity
33. Annealing process is the opposite '
a. Normalizing
b. Hardening
c. Tempering
d. Case Hardening

34. To produce maximum softness in steel, the metal is

a. Added more carbon
b. Cooled rapidly
c. Cooled slowly
d. Removed excess carbon
35. __________________ removes the internal stress caused by heat treating, welding and casting.

a. Carburizin b. Nitriding c. Annealing d. Normalizin

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36. How metals are cooled in normalizing process
a. Using water
b. Using oil
c. Using sand
d. Using still air
37. Rapid quenching results in

a. Softening b. Hardening c. Weakening d. Brittlenes

38. The process of producing a hard wear-resistant coating over a tough core is called

a. Hardening b. Annealing c. Case- hardening d. None of the above

39. What are the forms of case-hardening used in aircrafts
a. Cyniding, carburizing
b. Cyaniding, nitriding
c. Nitriding, carburizing
d. Nitriding, cyaniding
40. What gas is used in nitriding

a. Ammonia b. Nitrogen c. Oxygen d. Hydrogen

Part IV: Material Testing

41. The method of determining the results of heat treatment is known as
a. Heat testing
b. Strength testing
c. Hardness testing
d. Impact testing
42. What is method used to measure the hardness?
a. Penetration test
b. Absorption test
c. Impact test
d. Tensile test
43. Brinell hardness is measured using the _________________________
a. Depth of penetration
b. Diameter of the penetration
c. Surface area of penetration
d. All the above

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44. What is the diameter of the spherical ball in brinell tester
a. 10 mm
b. 12mm
c. 8mm
d. 5mm
45. Rockwell tester uses the _________________ to find out hardness
a. Depth of penetration
b. Diameter of the penetration
c. Surface area of penetration
d. All the above
46. _______________ and hardened steel ball are the types of penetrators used in Rockwell tester.
a. Diamond cone
b. Titanium cone
c. Cast iron cone
d. None of the above
47. Rockwell hardness is the _________________ between the measurements in minor and major loads
a. Addition
b. Difference
c. Product
d. None of the above
48. What is the advantage of barcol tester over others?
a. Light weight
b. Portable
c. Can measure soft materials
d. All the above
49. The range of barcol tester is
a. 0 to 25 brinell
b. 25 to 50 brinell
c. 25 to 75 brinell
d. 25 to 100 brinell
50. Which of the following tester cannot be used in aircraft steels
a. Brinell
b. Barcol
c. Rockwell
d. All the above

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