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Future Perfect How to Use

Contents ? Grammar in Dialogues ? How to Use Past Perfect

Read and understand the following explanations on usage of Future Perfect tense and
then examine illustrative examples from Classics.

1. The Future Perfect expresses an action accomplished before a given future


moment. The given future moment is usually expressed by adverbial phrases, clauses
of time or understood from the situation (see dialogues 1, 2, 3).

?Note: In adverbial clauses of time introduced by the conjunctions when, before,


after, as soon as, till and until the Present Perfect is found to express a future
action. It shows that the action of the subordinate clause will be accomplished
before the action of the principal clause (which is usually expressed by the Future
Indefinite) (dialogues 4, 5).

2. The Future Perfect is very occasionally used to express an action which begins
before a given future moment and continues into it. This use is found with stative
verbs (dialogue 6).

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Posted by Ananda M. at 02:59
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Labels: dialogues, english tenses, future perfect, perfect tenses, when to use
Stative Verbs Definition
Stative Verb. A stative verb is one that is not normally used in progressive (or
continuous) tenses. Most stative verbs refer to states, not to actions or events.
Examples: remember; contain; know; prefer; like; hear.
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Posted by Ananda M. at 02:06
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Labels: terminology
Thursday, 23 July 2015
When to Use Past Perfect Tense
Contents ? Grammar in Dialogues ? Past Perfect (When to Use)

In this page we examine the Past Perfect Tense in a detail: what it actually means
and how it is used. Some illustrative extracts from English literature are given
below.

Past Perfect expresses an action accomplished before a given past moment and viewed
back from the past moment. It may be a single point action, an action of some
duration or a recurrent action. The time of the action in most cases is not
indicated. Here are some examples (1, 2).

Example 1:
Vincent Van Gogh is talking with his cousin Kay in Amsterdam.
Kay: What are you thinking about, Cousin? You seem preoccupied.
Vincent: I was thinking that Rembrandt would have liked to paint you.
Kay: Rembrandt only like to paint ugly old women, didnt he?
Vincent: No. He painted beautiful old women, women who were poor or in some way
unhappy, but who through sorrow had gained a soul.
Kay: Forgive me for being stupid. I understand what you mean about Rembrandt. He
gets at the real essence of beauty, doesnt he, when he paints those gnarled old
people who have suffering and defeat carved into their faces.
(I. Stone. Lust for Life)

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Posted by Ananda M. at 05:40
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Labels: dialogues, english tenses, past perfect, perfect tenses, when to use
Monday, 27 April 2015
Present Perfect When to Use
Contents ? Grammar in Dialogues ? Present Perfect (When to Use)

Present Perfect Tense Explanation and Illustrative Examples from Classics


Present Perfect is used to express an accomplished action (both, a single action
and an action or state of some duration) which is viewed from the moment of
speaking as part of the present situation. Attention is focused on the action
itself (but not on the time when it took place, nor in the circumstances they
appear unimportant).

Present Perfect is generally used:

1. when the time of the action is not indicated at all (dialogue 1);
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Posted by Ananda M. at 14:38
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Labels: dialogues, english tenses, perfect tenses, present perfect, when to use
Saturday, 21 February 2015